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The Navalinga temple is a cluster of Hindu
Hindu
temples built in the 9th century, during the reign of King Amoghavarsha I
Amoghavarsha I
or his son Krishna II of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty. The temple is located in the town of Kukkanur
Kukkanur
(also called Kuknur), 4 miles (6 km) north of Itagi in Koppal district
Koppal district
and 25 miles (40 km) east of Gadag
Gadag
in Karnataka state, India. Built in the South Indian dravida style,[1] each of the nine temples in the cluster has a linga, the universal symbol of Hindu God Shiva, and hence the name Navalinga (lit nine lingas).[2]

Contents

1 General plan 2 Sculpture 3 Notes 4 References 5 External links

General plan[edit] A clusters of temples, the Navalinga group appears to have been placed asymmetrically, without any particular order. Despite being constructed from inferior quality sandstone, the decorative finish is rich, though much of it is lost due to degradation of the shrine walls.[3] Each of the shrines has a South Indian style shikhara (superstructure). The ensemble has four mantapas (hall) in all, three of which are in a line going east-west and open to the shrines. Each of the shrines has a Shiva
Shiva
linga in the sanctum, though the lintel above the entrance has an image of Gajalakshmi, the consort of God Vishnu.[2] Sculpture[edit]

old-Kannada inscription at Navalinga temple

old-Kannada inscription at Navalinga temple

The pillars in the halls are of better quaility than seen at Pattadakal, indicating an advancement of this art from the previous centuries.[3] Architraves were popular and a very good example has survived and has two makaras (mythical beasts) with circular scales and florid tails.[2] The temple complex has two well preserved old-Kannada inscriptions. Fifteen inscriptions are found in the town in all which mostly date from 1005 CE to 1186 CE, though a few from the Vijayanagara period also exist. The inscriptions mention grants to temples of various Hindu
Hindu
goddesses such as Chamundi, Ganga, Sarasvati, Kalikadevi and Mahamayi as well as God Mallikarjuna. It is proposed that the Navalinga temples may have originally been consecrated in honor of these goddesses.[3] Notes[edit]

^ Kamiya, Takeo. "Architecture of the Indian Subcontinent,20 September 1996". Gerard da Cunha-Architecture Autonomous, Bardez, Goa, India. Retrieved 2008-05-20.  ^ a b c Cousens (1926), p. 74 ^ a b c Cousens (1926), p. 75

References[edit]

Kamiya, Takeyo. "Architecture of Indian subcontinent". Indian Architecture. Gerard da Cunha. Retrieved 2006-12-31.  Cousens, Henry (1996) [1926]. The Chalukyan Architecture of Kanarese Districts. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India. OCLC 37526233. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Navalinga Temple.

Coordinates: 15°27′32″N 75°57′36″E / 15.45889°N 75.96000°E / 15.45889; 75.96000

v t e

Hindu
Hindu
Temples in Karnataka

Amrutesvara Temple, Amruthapura Ananthasayana temple Anekere Annapoorneshwari Temple Annigeri Antara Gange Avani, Kolar Badami Cave Temples Balligavi Banashankari Amma Temple Banashankari Temple, Amargol Banavasi Bankapura Begur, Bangalore Brahmeshvara Temple, Kikkeri Bucesvara Temple, Koravangala Bhoganidishvara, Chikkaballapur district Bhutanatha group Chamundeshwari Temple Chamundeswari Temple Chandramouleshwara Temple Chaudayyadanapura Cheluvanarayana Swamy Temple Chennakesava Temple Chennakeshava Temple, Aralaguppe Chennakesava Temple, Somanathapura Chitrapur Math Chowdeshwari Temple Devarayana Durga Dharmaraya Swamy Temple Dharmasthala Temple Dodda Ganeshana Gudi Doddabasappa Temple
Doddabasappa Temple
Dambal Durga temple, Aihole Gadag-Betigeri Kalakaleshwara Temple Gajendragad Galaganatha Gaurishvara Temple, Yelandur Gavi Gangadhareshwara Temple Godachi Gokarnanatheshwara Temple Halasi Halasuru Someshwara Temple Hangal Harihareshwara Temple Panchalingewara Temple Hooli Hoysaleswara Temple Hulimavu cave Temple Ganesha Temple, Idagunji Ikkeri Ishvara Temple, Arasikere Itagi Bhimambika Kadri Manjunath Temple Kaitabheshvara Temple, Kubatur Kalasa Kalghatgi Kalikamba Temple Kalleshvara Temple, Ambali Kalleshvara Temple, Aralaguppe Kalleshvara Temple, Bagali] Kalleshwara Temple, Hire Hadagali Kamala Narayana Temple
Kamala Narayana Temple
Belagavi Kanakagiri Karighatta temple Karikanamma Kasivisvesvara Temple, Lakkundi Kedareswara temple, Halebidu Kedareshvara Temple, Balligavi Keladi Keshava Temple Kodlamane Shree Vishnumurthy Temple Kodandarama Temple Koodli Kote Venkataramana Temple Kotilingeshwara Krauncha Giri Kudalasangama Kudroli Bhagavathi Kukke Subramanya Temple Kuknur Kumara Swamy Devasthana, Bangalore Kundgol Kurudumale Kuruvathi Basaveshwara temple Lad Khan Temple Lakkundi Lakshmeshwar Lakshmi Devi Temple, Doddagaddavalli Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Bhadravathi Lakshminarasimha Temple, Haranhalli Lakshminarasimha Temple, Javagal Lakshmi Narasimha Temple, Nuggehalli Lakshminarayana Temple, Hosaholalu Mahabaleshwar Temple, Gokarna Maha Ganapathi Mahammaya Temple Mahadeva Temple, Itagi Mahakuta group of temples Mallikarjuna Temple, Basaralu Mallikarjuna Temple, Kuruvatti Mandarthi Mangaladevi Temple Maranakatte Mariyamma Temple Melukote Mookambika
Mookambika
Temple Kollooru Mudukuthore Mundkur Sri Durgaparameshwari Temple Murudeshwara Mylara Lingeshwara Temple at Mylara Nandi Temple Nagamangala Nageshvara-Chennakeshava Temple complex, Mosale Navalinga Temple Narasimha Jhira Cave Temple, Bidar Nellitheertha Cave Temple Padutirupathi Panchalingeshwara temple, Govindanahalli Pattadakal Polali Rajarajeshwari Temple Ragigudda Anjaneya Temple Rameshvara Temple, Narasamangala Ranganathaswamy Temple, Bangalore Sadasiva Temple Saundatti Sharana Basaveshwara Temple Shree Vishnumurthy Temple Shri Vinayaka Shankaranarayana Durgamba Temple Shringeri Shringeri
Shringeri
Sharadamba Temple Siddhesvara Temple
Siddhesvara Temple
Haveri Srikanteshwara Temple, Nanjangud Sirsangi Kalika Temple Kolar Someshwara Temple Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Shivanasamudra Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, Srirangapatna Sudi Talagunda Talakad Tamboor Temples in Tulunadu Temples of North Karnataka Thirunarayanapuram Timmalapura Trikuteshwara
Trikuteshwara
Temple Gadag Tripurantaka Temple Turuvekere Udupi Sri Krishna Matha Veera Narayana Temple, Belavadi Vijayanarayana Temple, Gundlupet Virupaksha Temple Western Chalukya temples Yediyur Siddhalingeshwara Swamy Temple Yelluru Shri V

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