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Natural England
England
is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. It is responsible for ensuring that England's natural environment, including its land, flora and fauna, freshwater and marine environments, geology and soils, are protected and improved. It also has a responsibility to help people enjoy, understand and access the natural environment. Natural England
England
focuses its activities and resources on four strategic outcomes:

a healthy natural environment enjoyment of the natural environment sustainable use of the natural environment a secure environmental future

Contents

1 Roles and responsibilities 2 History 3 Activities

3.1 State of the Natural Environment 3.2 Green exercise 3.3 Green infrastructure

4 Legal challenge 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Roles and responsibilities[edit] As a non-departmental public body (NDPB), Natural England
England
is independent of government. However, the Secretary of State for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs has the legal power to issue guidance to Natural England
England
on various matters,[2] a constraint that was not placed on its predecessor NDPBs. Its powers include defining ancient woodlands, awarding grants, designating Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty and Sites of Special Scientific Interest, managing certain national nature reserves, overseeing access to open country and other recreation rights, and enforcing the associated regulations. It is also responsible for the administration of numerous grant schemes and frameworks that finance the development and conservation of the natural environment, for example environmental stewardship, the Countryside Stewardship Scheme, environmentally sensitive areas, and the Access to Nature Scheme. It has been severely criticised recently for ignoring scientific data and granting extended badger cull licences to DEFRA. Natural England's latest corporate plan sets out its goals and detailed objectives.[3] It is responsible for the delivery of some of Defra's public service agreements (e.g. reversing the long-term decline in the number of farmland birds by 2020 and improving public access to the countryside). Natural England
England
takes its finance, human resources and estates services from the Defra Shared Services organisation.[4] Information technology services are outsourced to IBM.[5] History[edit] Natural England
England
was established on 1 October 2006 by the Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006,[2] which implemented the recommendations of a rural review by The Baron Haskins of Skidby. It was formed by the amalgamation of three founder bodies:

Countryside Agency, the landscape, access and recreation elements English Nature Rural Development Service, the environmental land management functions of Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
(Defra)

It received the powers of the founder bodies. Natural England
England
joined the 10:10 project in 2009 in a bid to reduce its own carbon footprint. One year later they announced that they had reduced their carbon emissions (according to 10:10's criteria) by 13%. In 2008, Sir Martin Doughty, the Chairman of Natural England, warned the Prime Minister of the potential danger of genetically modified crops.[6] However, in 2012, Poul Christensen, CBE, the next Chairman of Natural England, said that middle England
England
should embrace new technologies like GM crops
GM crops
as long as there were adequate testing and safeguards.[7] Activities[edit] State of the Natural Environment[edit] In May 2008, Natural England
England
published a report, State of the Natural Environment, which brought together statistics and facts about England's environment. The report was intended to be used by environmental organisations as a benchmark and source for policy development. It complements reports on different topics produced by other organisations:

on environmental facts and figures, by the Environment Agency on heritage counts, by the English Heritage on the state of the UK's birds, by the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds on the state of Britain's butterflies, by the Butterfly Conservation

Green exercise[edit] Natural England
England
funded eight pilot green exercise projects through local regional partnerships. These projects increased levels of physical activity and people's connections to their local green spaces. However, it was not clear whether these projects really changed people's long-term attitudes.[8] Green infrastructure[edit] Natural England
England
is promoting the concept of green infrastructure as a way to deliver a wide range of benefits for people and the natural environment together. It believes that green infrastructure should be delivered via the spatial planning system, as an integral part of new development everywhere, and also form a key part of proposals to regenerate existing urban areas.[9] Natural England
England
is working with partners in the growth areas, growth points and proposed eco-towns to prepare and implement green infrastructure strategies and demonstrate good practice on the ground. Natural England
England
is one of the steering group partners of Neighbourhoods Green, a green Infrastructure partnership initiative which works with social landlords and housing associations to highlight the importance of, and raise the overall quality of, design and management for open and green space in social housing. Legal challenge[edit] Natural England
England
was challenged in High Court in 2006 by Peter Boggis, a pensioner who protected his house from erosion. Natural England claimed that as the site of Boggis's house, at Easton Bavents
Easton Bavents
north of Southwold
Southwold
on the Suffolk
Suffolk
coast was a Site of Special
Special
Scientific Interest (SSSI), the protection went against the scientific community's interests. Natural England
England
lost the case in 2009, when Mr. Justice Blair, the brother of the former Prime Minister, ruled that Mr. Boggis' "human predicament" was more important than the site's SSSI status. Natural England
England
won the subsequent appeal in October 2009.[10] See also[edit]

Ancient woodland England
England
Coast Path National character area National nature reserves in England Sir Martin Doughty
Martin Doughty
- first Chair of Natural England
England
2006-2009

References[edit]

^ a b c d "Annual Report and Accounts 1 April 2014 to 31 March 2015". Natural England. ISBN 9781474117852. Retrieved 19 November 2015.  ^ a b "Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ "Corporate plans". Natural England. Retrieved 26 January 2016.  ^ "Public Update on implementation of Lord Haskins' Rural Delivery Review - Recommendations 1-9". DEFRA. Archived from the original on 4 January 2010. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ "Natural England
England
Chooses IBM as Its Transformation Partner". IBM News room. 13 Dec 2006. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ Mccarthay, Michael (23 June 2008). "Natural England
England
warns Brown of dangers in promoting GM crops". The Independent. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ Gray, Louise (31 May 2012). "Hay Festival 2012: Poul Christensen: "people should not be afraid of GM"". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ "Green Exercise Programme Evaluation". Natural England. 2011. Retrieved 17 March 2013.  ^ "Green Infrastructure". Natural England. Archived from the original on 5 June 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2015.  ^ "High Court judgment confirms conservation status of Easton Bavents cliffs". Natural England. 20 October 2009. Archived from the original on 21 November 2011. Retrieved 27 July 2015. 

External links[edit]

Natural England
England
official website Natural Environment and Rural Communities Act 2006

v t e

Agriculture
Agriculture
in the United Kingdom

Economy of the United Kingdom Agriculture

Companies

ADAS (company) Arla Foods UK Bernard Matthews Farms Dairy Crest Faccenda Group Farmcare Frontier Agriculture Genus Müller Wiseman Dairies NFU Mutual Norbrook Group Openfield Vestey Group

Conservation

Grazing marsh Hedgerow removal Rare Breeds Survival Trust

Government and regulation

Agricultural Land Classification Agriculture
Agriculture
and Horticulture Development Board

Potato Council

Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency British Cattle Movement Service The Country Code Crown Estate Department of Agriculture
Agriculture
and Rural Development (Northern Ireland) Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Institute for Animal Health Legislation Meat and Livestock Commission Natural England Rights of way in Scotland Rural Development Council Rural Payments Agency Scottish Government Enterprise and Environment Directorate Single Payment Scheme

History

Agricultural Revolution British timber trade Celtic field Common land Corn Laws Diggers Dutch barn Enclosure Haughley Experiment Highland Clearances Highland Potato Famine Lowland Clearances Napier Commission Rationing Run rig Rural Reconstruction Association Scottish Agricultural Revolution Swing Riots Victory garden Women's Land Army

Foot-and-mouth

1967 2001 2007

Nations and regions

England

Agriculture
Agriculture
in London Cuisine

Cornwall Devon

Fishing

Scotland

Animal breeds

Shetland

Crofting

Scottish Crofting
Crofting
Foundation

Cuisine Factor Fishing Royal Highland Show

Wales

Cuisine Royal Welsh Show Tŷ unnos

Non-governmental organisations

Unions

Farmers' Union of Wales National Farmers' Union of England
England
and Wales National Farmers' Union of Scotland Ulster Farmers' Union Young Farmers' Clubs of Ulster

British Egg Industry Council British Poultry Council Country Land and Business Association Fresh Start Initiative Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences James Hutton Institute Museums

Museum of English Rural Life National Museum of Rural Life

National Non-Food Crops Centre Nottingham Arabidopsis Stock Centre Rothamsted Research Royal Highland and Agricultural Society of Scotland Soil Association Tenant Farmers Association Universities and colleges

CAFRE Royal Agricultural University Scotland's Rural College

Sectors

Beekeeping

June Gap

Fell farming Forestry

Other

Countryfile Eglu Farmers Weekly Farming Today Hurdles

Category

v t e

Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs
of the United Kingdom

Headquarters: Nobel House, Smith Square

Ministers

Secretary of State for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Minister of State for Food, Farming and the Environment Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Natural and Marine Environment Parliamentary Under Secretary of State for Environment and Rural Affairs

Executive agencies

Animal and Plant Health Agency Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science Rural Payments Agency Veterinary Medicines Directorate

Non-departmental public bodies

Agriculture
Agriculture
and Horticulture Development Board Consumer Council for Water Environment Agency Joint Nature Conservation Committee Marine Management Organisation National Forest Company Natural England Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Sea Fish

.