A national sport or national game or national pastime is a sport or game that is considered to be an intrinsic part of the culture of a nation. Some sports are de facto (not established by law) national sports, as baseball is in the United States and Gaelic games are in the Republic of Ireland, while others are de jure (established by law) national sports, as lacrosse and ice hockey are in Canada. These sports do not have to be necessarily the most played or most followed, which would be either association football, baseball or basketball in all but a few countries, but are widely considered to be important to the country or significant for its culture.

De jure national sports

Country Sport Year defined as
national sport
 Argentina Pato 1953[1]
 Bahamas Cricket 1973[2]
 Bangladesh Kabaddi 1972[3]
 Brazil Association Football 1972[4]
 Canada Lacrosse (summer), Ice hockey (winter) 1994[5]
 Chile Chilean Rodeo 1962[6]
 Colombia Tejo 2000[7]
 Iran Varzesh-e Bastani, Wrestling, Polo 1976[8]
 Mexico Charrería 1933[9]
   Nepal Volleyball 2017[10]
 Philippines Arnis 2009[11]
 Puerto Rico Paso Fino ("autochthonous sport") 1966[12]
 Sri Lanka Volleyball 1991[13]
 Uruguay Destrezas Criollas
(Creole [i.e. gaucho] Skills[14])

De facto national sports

Country Sport
 Afghanistan Buzkashi[16]& Cricket
 Anguilla Yacht racing[17]
 Antigua and Barbuda Cricket[18]
 Barbados Cricket[19]
 Bermuda Cricket[20]
 Bhutan Archery[21][22]
 Cuba Baseball[23][24][25]
 Denmark Association football,[26] Handball[27]
 Dominican Republic Baseball[28]
 Estonia Basketball[29]
 Finland Pesäpallo[30]
 Georgia Rugby union[31]
 Grenada Cricket[32]
 Guyana Cricket[33][34] or Water polo[35]
 Haiti Association football[36]
 Iceland Handball[37]
 India Field hockey[38][39] &Cricket
 Indonesia Pencak Silat[40]
 Israel Association football[41]
 Ireland Gaelic games[42][43][44]
 Jamaica Cricket[45]
 Japan Sumo[46]Baseball
 South Korea Taekwondo[47]
 Latvia Basketball (summer), Ice hockey (winter),[48]
 Lithuania Basketball[49][50]
 Madagascar Rugby union[51][52]
 Malaysia Sepak takraw[53][54]
 Mauritius Association football[55]
 Mongolia Archery, Mongolian wrestling, Horse racing[56][57]
 New Zealand Rugby union[58]
 Norway Cross-country skiing (winter)[59][60]
 Pakistan Field hockey[38][39]
 Papua New Guinea Rugby league[61][62]
 Peru Paleta Frontón[63]
 Philippines Sipa[64]
 Romania Oină[65]Baseball
 Russia Bandy[66]
 Scotland Golf[67]
 Slovenia Alpine skiing,[68][68]
 Tajikistan Gushtigiri[69]
 Turkey Oil wrestling[70] & Cirit[71]
 Turks and Caicos Islands Cricket[72]
 United States Baseball[73][74][75]
 Venezuela Baseball[76][77]
 Wales Rugby union[78]

See also


  1. ^ "Argentina Decree Nº 17468 of 16 September 1953". Federación Argentina de Pato. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2012. 
  2. ^ Craton, Michael; Gail Saunders (1998). Islanders in the Stream: A History of the Bahamian People. University of Georgia Press. p. 471. ISBN 0-8203-2284-9. 
  3. ^ Faroqi, Gofran (2012). "Kabadi". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. Ha-du-du was given the name kabadi and the status of National Game in 1972. 
  4. ^ Lowell, John (1992). Ring of Liberation: Deceptive Discourse in Brazilian Capoeira. University of Chicago Press. p. 61. ISBN 0-226-47683-9. 
  5. ^ National Sports of Canada Act S.C. 1994, c. 16, Justice Laws Website, National Government of Canada
  6. ^ Moreira Recchione, Alberto (December 2007). "La Medialuna: un edificio para Chile". Revista de urbanismo (in Spanish). University of Chile (17). ISSN 0717-5051. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2008. A reconocerse, en 1962, el rodeo como deporte nacional y oficial [10 de enero de 1962, oficio N°269 del Consejo Nacional de Deportes y Comité Olímpico de Chile] 
  7. ^ "Colombia Law 613 of 4 September 2000". Global Legal Information Network. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2008. 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "La Charrería "Nuestro Deporte Nacional"" (in Spanish). Mexican Department of Tourism. Archived from the original on 8 February 2009. Retrieved 14 July 2008. El año de 1933 fue muy importante, ya que el general Abelardo L. Rodríguez, emite un decreto presidencial, dando a la Charrería el título de único Deporte Nacional. 
  10. ^ "It's official: Volleyball is the national sport of Nepal". OnlineKhabar. May 23, 2017. Archived from the original on 2017-05-23. The government on Monday decided to recognize volleyball as the national sport of Nepal. 
  11. ^ "Republic Act No. 9850: An Act declaring Arnis as the national martial art and sport of the Philippines". Retrieved 26 June 2010. [permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Puerto Rico Act 64 of 2000, S.B. 1856" (PDF). Office of Legislative Services of Puerto Rico. 11 April 2000. p. 1. Retrieved 14 July 2008. In 1966, the Public Parks and Recreation Administration and the Puerto Rico Olympic Committee awarded official recognition of the "paso fino" horse riding sport as the autochthonous sport of Puerto Rico. 
  13. ^ Minahan, James (December 23, 2009). The Complete Guide to National Emblems and Symbols. 1. p. 166. ISBN 978-0313344961. 
  14. ^ Aeberhard, Danny; Andrew Benson; Lucy Phillips; et al. (2001). The Rough Guide to Argentina. p. 198. ISBN 1-85828-569-0. displays of traditional gaucho skills (destrezas criollas) 
  15. ^ "Uruguay Law 17958 of 21 April 2006". Global Legal Information Network. Archived from the original on 21 June 2010. Retrieved 14 July 2008. 
  16. ^ "Buzkashi: The National Game of Afghanis". Embassy of Afghanistan, Canberra. Retrieved 21 July 2008. 
  17. ^ "Boat Racing Season Officially Opens". The Anguillian. 3 March 2007. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved 21 July 2008. Director of Sports, Alkins Rogers, […] reported that the Government recognizes boat racing as the national sport of Anguilla and was giving financial resources for its development. 
  18. ^ "Antiguans and Barbudans". everyculture.com. Retrieved 10 July 2008. Cricket, a left-over from the British rule, is the national sport of Antigua and Barbuda. 
  19. ^ "Barbados: Sports". Government of Barbados. Archived from the original on 13 November 2009. Retrieved 21 July 2008. The national sport of Barbados is cricket 
  20. ^ Luke, Will (March 2007). "Cricket by association". The Wisden Cricketer. Retrieved 21 July 2008. Bermuda are one of the few sides who count cricket as a national sport. 
  21. ^ "National Symbols". Bhutan Portal8. Government of Bhutan. Archived from the original on 13 November 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2008. National Game: The national sport of Bhutan is archery. 
  23. ^ Gonzalez Echevarria, Roberto (1999). "A Cuban Belle Époque". The Pride of Havana: A History of Cuban Baseball. Oxford University Press. p. 76. ISBN 0-19-514605-0. Baseball is so ingrained in Cuba that it has thrived as the "national sport" through forty years of a bitterly anti-American revolution. 
  24. ^ Mckinley, James C., Jr (26 March 1999). "Baseball; Clash of Cultures, Pride and Passion". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 July 2008. Most Cubans, after all, consider baseball to be their national sport, a game entwined in history with their struggle for independence from Spain and the birth of their nation. 
  25. ^ Castro, Fidel (13 August 1999). "Speech at a meeting with Pan American Games delegation members". cuba.cu. Retrieved 24 July 2008. the game that […] is […] our national sport […] I am talking of baseball 
  26. ^ "Danish Football - The National Sport of Denmark". Denmark.Dk, Copenhagen. Retrieved 29 October 2016. 
  27. ^ "A nation that plays the ball- a sport invented by Danes". Denmark.Dk, Copenhagen. Retrieved 18 July 2016. 
  28. ^ "Some facts about the Dominican Republic". Embassy of the Dominican Republic, Washington. Retrieved 22 July 2008. Baseball is the Dominican Republic's national sport. 
  29. ^ Lonely Planet Eastern Europe (9 ed.). Lonely Planet. 2007. p. 319. Basketball is the unofficial national sport 
  30. ^ "About Finland: General information: Sports". Embassy of Finland, Washington. 11 June 2007. Retrieved 21 July 2008. the national sport, "pesäpallo" [dead link]
  31. ^ There is far more to savour in European rugby union than just the Six Nations The Guardian
  32. ^ "Batting For Grenada". Grenada Life. Grenada Board of Tourism. March 2007. p. 38. Retrieved 21 July 2008. in the first Grenada Cricket Classics [, h]eroes such as Sir Viv Richards, Joel Garner and Curtley Ambrose came together to promote what is considered by many to be the national sport in Grenada. [permanent dead link]
  33. ^ "Games". Guyana Tourism Authority. Archived from the original on 6 June 2008. Retrieved 21 July 2008. Cricket lovely Cricket! One cannot miss out on Guyana's national sport without participating in a game of cricket while in Guyana. 
  34. ^ Wagg, Stephen; Andrews, David L., eds. (2007). East Plays West: Sport and the Cold War. London/New York: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-35926-9. [E]ven though soccer football was and is considered the Hungarian national pastime 
  35. ^ Pedersen, Paul M.; Thibault, Lucie (2014). Contemporary Sport Management (5th ed.). Champaign, Illinois: Human Kinetics. p. 257. ISBN 978-1-4504-6965-4. With a total of nine Olympic gold medals, ... some have begun to call water polo the national sport of Hungary. 
  36. ^ Graves, Kerry A. (August 2006). Haiti. Capstone. ISBN 9780736869614. 
  37. ^ "So What's This Icelandic Handball Team I Keep Hearing About?". The Reykjavik Grapevine. Retrieved 13 March 2016. Still, the parade [for the national team winning silver at the 2008 Summer Olympics] was even bigger than an Independence Day parade, so we do love handball more than we love freedom. 
  38. ^ a b Khan, M. Ilyas (8 August 2012). "Pakistan's Olympic humiliation in national sport". BBC. Retrieved 5 December 2016. 
  39. ^ a b Abbott, David (2015). Changing World: Pakistan. Encyclopædia Britannica. p. 21. ISBN 9781625133212. 
  40. ^ "Pencak Silat: More Than Just A Fight". Indonesia Expat. Retrieved 29 May 2015. 
  41. ^ "Football in Israel". AsiaRooms. 21 February 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2012. The popularity of Football in Israel is sky-high and is the most popular sport of the nation by a distance. Football in Israel is the unofficial national sport of the nation and developed as an organized sport in the country during the period when the British controlled the administration or was the days of the British Mandate. 
  42. ^ "RTÉ Secures Comprehensive GAA Championship Coverage Until 2010". RTÉ Online. 19 February 2008. Archived from the original on 2 July 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2009. Today's announcement ensures that the public will enjoy quality coverage of our national games across all of RTÉ's media platforms. 
  43. ^ "Adjournment Matters. - Eurathlon Programme". Seanad Éireann. 22 November 1995. pp. Volume 145. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 29 April 2009. 
  44. ^ Farrelly, Hugh (15 September 2009). "The most progressive team in Ireland". Scrum.com. Retrieved 17 September 2009. It's [the All-Ireland Senior Football Championship Final] a big deal in Ireland, where Gaelic games are the national sport, but the problem for the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) is that no-one outside the country, save for committed expatriates, gives a fig. 
  45. ^ "History of Jamaica". Jamaican Embassy, Washington. Retrieved 21 July 2008. The legacy of Britain also lives on in Jamaica in many ways […] the game of cricket is the national sport. 
  46. ^ "What Is Sumo?". Kids Web Japan sponsored by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Japan. Retrieved 30 April 2012. 
  47. ^ Moenig, Udo (April 10, 2015). Taekwondo: From a Martial Art to a Martial Sport. Routledge. p. 52. Retrieved July 5, 2015.  "As a result, taekwondo's status as a largely private undertaking changed in 1971, when it was upgraded to the 'national sport' of Korea."
  48. ^ "Nacionālie sporta veidi..." (in Latvian). Retrieved 15 November 2009. 
  49. ^ Adamkus, Valdas (28 July 2005). "Address at Charles University, Prague". President of Lithuania official website. Archived from the original on 5 October 2006. Retrieved 24 July 2008. Lithuania is a country that loves basketball. It is our national sport and we are proud to be reigning European Champions. 
  50. ^ Winn, Luke (15 August 2011). "Lithuania Calling". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved 24 August 2011. Basketball is the only sport the 3.2 million Lithuanians truly care about—it's their second religion, after Catholicism—and their success is proportionately stunning. 
  51. ^ "Madagascar take Sevens honours". Archived from the original on 29 August 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  52. ^ "14-place jump for Madagascar". Archived from the original on 18 November 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2012. 
  53. ^ "Official Sepaktakraw Website – Malaysian Sepaktakraw Association (PSM) pays official visit to ISTAF and Asia Sports Ventures". Retrieved 2015-10-10. 
  54. ^ Editions Didier Millet (1 February 2010), Malaysia at Random, Editions Didier Millet, pp. 62–, ISBN 978-981-4217-95-8 
  55. ^ Richards, Alexandra.Mauritius: Rodrigues, Réunion. Bradt Travel Guides, 2009, p.90
  56. ^ Metawise LLC. "A wrestling competition dedicated to the Wonder of Mongolian National Wrestling". infomongolia.com. 
  57. ^ Mongolian Embassy in the USA
  58. ^ "Sport, Fitness and Leisure". New Zealand Official Yearbook. Statistics New Zealand. 2000. Archived from the original on 7 June 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2008. Traditionally New Zealanders have excelled in rugby union, which is regarded as the national sport, and track and field athletics. 
  59. ^ Mølster, Odd (1996). "Skiing and the Creation of a Norwegian Identity – part 2". News of Norway, issue 2. Norwegian Embassy, Washington. Retrieved 21 July 2008. the national sport could become a fine weapon in time of war. In 1943, Norway's resistance movement won an epochal victory – on skis, of course 
  60. ^ Berglund, Nina (20 February 2006). "Few cheers for Norway". Aftenposten. Archived from the original on 21 February 2006. Retrieved 21 July 2008. The scoreboard shows how the Norwegians placed, a performance considered much too poor in a country where cross-country skiing is a national sport. 
  61. ^ "PNG vow to upset World Cup odds". Rugby League. Federación Peruana de Frontón. 15 October 2008. Retrieved 3 July 2009. But it would still be one of the biggest shocks in World Cup history if Papua New Guinea – the only country to have rugby league as its national sport – were to qualify for the last four. 
  62. ^ "PNG seal 2010 Four Nations place". BBC. 1 November 2009. 
  63. ^ "Paleta-Frontón". Club Regatas Lima. Club Regatas Lima. 31 August 2009. Archived from the original on 25 June 2009. Retrieved 31 August 2009. 
  64. ^ "Sipa and sepak takraw kicking in". Rappler. David Lozada. 21 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  65. ^ "Oina – sportul naţional uitat" (in Romanian). Adevărul Holding. 18 September 2010. Retrieved 21 November 2012. Dar nici deciziile luate de autorităţile comuniste nu au salvat sportul naţional românesc de la uitare. 
  66. ^ "Russian bandy players blessed for victory at world championship in Kazan". Tatar-Inform. 21 January 2011. Archived from the original on 24 April 2012. Retrieved 31 August 2009. 
  67. ^ "Alex Salmond quote". Sport Scotland. 31 August 2009. Archived from the original on 28 October 2010. Retrieved 25 October 2010. 
  68. ^ a b "Skiing Nation: Towards an Anthropology of Slovenia's National Sport". Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism. 7: 56–78. doi:10.1111/j.1754-9469.2007.tb00118.x. 
  69. ^ Ibbotson, Sophie; Lovell-Hoare, Max. Tajikistan. Bradt Travel Guides. Retrieved 8 November 2015. 
  70. ^ "Ata Sporu – Güreş". Alaturka.info. Archived from the original on 23 December 2009. Retrieved 31 December 2009. 
  71. ^ "Ata Sporu – Cirit". Kalem.biz. Retrieved 31 December 2009. 
  72. ^ "ICC Members: Turks and Caicos Islands". International Cricket Council. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012. 
  73. ^ Duquette, Jerold J. (1999). Regulating the National Pastime: Baseball and Antitrust. Greenwood. p. 104. ISBN 0-275-96535-X. Retrieved 21 July 2008. Baseball justified its privileged legal status by citing the special nature and cultural significance of America's national pastime. 
  74. ^ Schrag, Myles (2003). "Baseball as National Pastime Revisted: And a Little Town Shall Lead Them". In Peter Carino. Baseball/literature/culture: Essays, 1995–2001. McFarland. p. Chp.13 p.140. ISBN 0-7864-1643-2. Retrieved 21 July 2008. Tradition – that quality so instrumental in elevating baseball to its century-old status as national pastime— has become less important 
  75. ^ Gmelch, George (2006-01-01). Baseball Without Borders: The International Pastime. p. 308. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  76. ^ Gmelch, George (2006-01-01). Baseball Without Borders: The International Pastime. p. 308. Retrieved 2014-07-09. 
  77. ^ Template:Cite book ₧(UMI:3349149)
  78. ^ Harris, John (Summer 2006). "(Re)Presenting Wales: National Identity and Celebrity in the Postmodern Rugby World" (PDF). North American Journal of Welsh Studies. North American Association for the Study of Welsh Culture and History. 6 (2). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 September 2008. Retrieved 14 July 2008. rugby used to be the undisputed national sport of Wales […] Rugby Union's assumed position as "the national game" has often been questioned on the basis that it is predominantly a game played and followed in South Wales.