National Urban League
1 History 2 Current status 3 Presidents 4 Gallery 5 Publications 6 See also 7 Footnotes 8 Further reading 9 External links
The Committee on Urban Conditions Among Negroes was founded in New
York City on September 29, 1910 by
Ruth Standish Baldwin and Dr.
George Edmund Haynes, among others. It merged with the Committee
for the Improvement of Industrial Conditions Among Negroes in New York
(founded in New York in 1906) and the National League for the
Protection of Colored Women (founded in 1905), and was renamed the
National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes.
Eugene K. Jones took the leadership of the organization.
Under his direction, the League significantly expanded its
multifaceted campaign to crack the barriers to black employment,
spurred first by the boom years of the 1920s, and then by the
desperate years of the Great Depression.
In 1920, the organization took the present name, the National Urban
League. The mission of the Urban League movement, as stated by the
National Urban League, is "to enable African Americans to secure
economic self-reliance, parity, power and civil rights."
Presidents From To Background
George Edmund Haynes 1910 1918 social worker
Eugene Kinckle Jones 1918 1940 civil rights activist
Lester Blackwell Granger 1941 1961 civic leader
Whitney Moore Young, Jr. 1961 1971 civil rights activist
Vernon Eulion Jordan, Jr. 1971 1981 attorney
John Edward Jacob 1982 1994 civil rights activist
Hugh Bernard Price 1994 2002 attorney foundation executive
Milton James Little, Jr. 2003 2003 social worker administrator
Marc Haydel Morial 2003 Current attorney
Houston Area Urban League building in Downtown Houston
Wall Street, New York
2015 State of Black America: Education, Jobs + Justice, EBook
Chicago Urban League - affiliate
^ Parris, Guichard and Lester Brooks. Blacks in the City: A History of the National Urban League. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. 1971. p. 28. ^ Dodson, N. "NEW CHAPTER IN SOCIAL UPLIFT." Afro-American (1893-1988): 2. Dec 30 1911. ProQuest. Web. 6 Feb. 2016. ^ Parris, Guichard and Lester Brooks. Blacks in the City: A History of the National Urban League. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. 1971. pp. 32-34. ^ Armfield, Felix L. Eugene Kinckle Jones: The National Urban League and Black Social Work, 1910-1940. Urbana : University of Illinois Press, 2012. ^ Parris, Guichard and Lester Brooks. Blacks in the City: A History of the National Urban League. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. 1971. ^ "Mission and History." National Urban League. Accessed 6 February 2016. ^ Thomas, Jesse. "Urban League Bulletin." The Atlanta Constitution (1881-1945): 1. Jan 25 1942. ProQuest. Web. 6 Feb. 2016. ^ "Notable Kentucky African Americans Database". uky.edu. Retrieved March 19, 2013. ^ "Inner-City Middle School Girls from Newark, NJ Receive Career and Life-Goals Advice from Professional Women" (Press release). National Association of Professional Women. February 24, 2010. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
Carle, Susan D. Defining the Struggle: National Racial Justice
Organizing, 1880-1915 (Oxford UP, 2013). 404pp. focus on
National Urban League
v t e
Notable events (timeline)
Prior to 1954
Murder of Harry and Harriette Moore
Brown v. Board of Education
Bolling v. Sharpe Briggs v. Elliott Davis v. County School Board of Prince Edward County Gebhart v. Belton
White America, Inc. Sarah Keys v. Carolina Coach Company Emmett Till Montgomery bus boycott
Browder v. Gayle
Tallahassee bus boycott Mansfield school desegregation 1957 Prayer Pilgrimage for Freedom
"Give Us the Ballot"
Royal Ice Cream sit-in Little Rock Nine
National Guard blockade
Civil Rights Act of 1957 Kissing Case Biloxi wade-ins
Greensboro sit-ins Nashville sit-ins Sit-in movement Civil Rights Act of 1960 Gomillion v. Lightfoot Boynton v. Virginia Rock Hill sit-ins Robert F. Kennedy's Law Day Address Freedom Rides
Garner v. Louisiana Albany Movement University of Chicago sit-ins "Second Emancipation Proclamation" Meredith enrollment, Ole Miss riot "Segregation now, segregation forever"
Stand in the Schoolhouse Door
1963 Birmingham campaign
Letter from Birmingham Jail Children's Crusade Birmingham riot 16th Street Baptist Church bombing
John F. Kennedy's Report to the American People on Civil Rights March on Washington
"I Have a Dream"
St. Augustine movement
Twenty-fourth Amendment Bloody Tuesday Freedom Summer
Civil Rights Act of 1964 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches
"How Long, Not Long"
Voting Rights Act of 1965 Harper v. Virginia Board of Elections March Against Fear White House Conference on Civil Rights Chicago Freedom Movement/Chicago open housing movement Memphis sanitation strike King assassination
Poor People's Campaign Civil Rights Act of 1968 Green v. County School Board of New Kent County
Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights
Atlanta Student Movement
Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
Congress of Racial Equality
Northern Student Movement
National Council of Negro Women
National Urban League
Regional Council of Negro Leadership
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Ralph Abernathy Victoria Gray Adams Zev Aelony Mathew Ahmann William G. Anderson Gwendolyn Armstrong Arnold Aronson Ella Baker Marion Barry Daisy Bates Harry Belafonte James Bevel Claude Black Gloria Blackwell Randolph Blackwell Unita Blackwell Ezell Blair Jr. Joanne Bland Julian Bond Joseph E. Boone William Holmes Borders Amelia Boynton Raylawni Branch Ruby Bridges Aurelia Browder H. Rap Brown Guy Carawan Stokely Carmichael Johnnie Carr James Chaney J. L. Chestnut Colia Lafayette Clark Ramsey Clark Septima Clark Xernona Clayton Eldridge Cleaver Kathleen Cleaver Charles E. Cobb Jr. Annie Lee Cooper Dorothy Cotton Claudette Colvin Vernon Dahmer Jonathan Daniels Joseph DeLaine Dave Dennis Annie Devine Patricia Stephens Due Joseph Ellwanger Charles Evers Medgar Evers Myrlie Evers-Williams Chuck Fager James Farmer Walter E. Fauntroy James Forman Marie Foster Golden Frinks Andrew Goodman Fred Gray Jack Greenberg Dick Gregory Lawrence Guyot Prathia Hall Fannie Lou Hamer William E. Harbour Vincent Harding Dorothy Height Lola Hendricks Aaron Henry Oliver Hill Donald L. Hollowell James Hood Myles Horton Zilphia Horton T. R. M. Howard Ruby Hurley Jesse Jackson Jimmie Lee Jackson Richie Jean Jackson T. J. Jemison Esau Jenkins Barbara Rose Johns Vernon Johns Frank Minis Johnson Clarence Jones J. Charles Jones Matthew Jones Vernon Jordan Tom Kahn Clyde Kennard A. D. King C.B. King Coretta Scott King Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Sr. Bernard Lafayette James Lawson Bernard Lee Sanford R. Leigh Jim Letherer Stanley Levison John Lewis Viola Liuzzo Z. Alexander Looby Joseph Lowery Clara Luper Malcolm X Mae Mallory Vivian Malone Thurgood Marshall Benjamin Mays Franklin McCain Charles McDew Ralph McGill Floyd McKissick Joseph McNeil James Meredith William Ming Jack Minnis Amzie Moore Douglas E. Moore Harriette Moore Harry T. Moore William Lewis Moore Irene Morgan Bob Moses William Moyer Elijah Muhammad Diane Nash Charles Neblett Edgar Nixon Jack O'Dell James Orange Rosa Parks James Peck Charles Person Homer Plessy Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Fay Bellamy Powell Al Raby Lincoln Ragsdale A. Philip Randolph George Raymond Jr. Bernice Johnson Reagon Cordell Reagon James Reeb Frederick D. Reese Gloria Richardson David Richmond Bernice Robinson Jo Ann Robinson Bayard Rustin Bernie Sanders Michael Schwerner Cleveland Sellers Charles Sherrod Alexander D. Shimkin Fred Shuttlesworth Modjeska Monteith Simkins Glenn E. Smiley A. Maceo Smith Kelly Miller Smith Mary Louise Smith Maxine Smith Ruby Doris Smith-Robinson Charles Kenzie Steele Hank Thomas Dorothy Tillman A. P. Tureaud Hartman Turnbow Albert Turner C. T. Vivian Wyatt Tee Walker Hollis Watkins Walter Francis White Roy Wilkins Hosea Williams Kale Williams Robert F. Williams Andrew Young Whitney Young Sammy Younge Jr. James Zwerg
Sermon on the Mount Mahatma Gandhi
The Kingdom of God Is Within You Frederick Douglass W. E. B. Du Bois Mary McLeod Bethune
Jim Crow laws Plessy v. Ferguson
Separate but equal
Buchanan v. Warley Hocutt v. Wilson Sweatt v. Painter Heart of Atlanta Motel, Inc. v. United States Katzenbach v. McClung Loving v. Virginia Fifth Circuit Four Brown Chapel Holt Street Baptist Church Edmund Pettus Bridge March on Washington Movement African-American churches attacked Journey of Reconciliation Freedom Songs
"Kumbaya" "Keep Your Eyes on the Prize" "Oh, Freedom" "This Little Light of Mine" "We Shall Not Be Moved" "We Shall Overcome"
Spring Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam
"Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence"
Watts riots Voter Education Project 1960s counterculture In popular culture
Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument
Taylor Branch Clayborne Carson John Dittmer Michael Eric Dyson Chuck Fager Adam Fairclough David Garrow David Halberstam Vincent Harding Steven F. Lawson Doug McAdam Diane McWhorter Charles M. Payne Timothy Tyson Akinyele Umoja Movement photographers
v t e
Presidents of the National Urban League
G. E. Haynes (1910–18) E. K. Jones (1918–40) L. B. Granger (1941–61) W. M. Young, Jr. (1961–71) V. E. Jordan, Jr. (1971–81) J. E. Jacob (1982–94) H. B. Price (1994–2002) M. J. Little, Jr. (Acting) (2003) M. H. M