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The National String Instrument Corporation
National String Instrument Corporation
was a guitar company that formed to manufacture the first resonator guitars. National also produced resonator ukuleles and mandolins.

Contents

1 History

1.1 First years 1.2 Dobro 1.3 National Reso-Phonic Guitars

2 Resonator guitar
Resonator guitar
designs 3 Notable artists 4 See also 5 Further reading 6 References 7 External links

History[edit] First years[edit]

1928 National Style O plectrum guitar.

1930 National Triolian resonator mandolin.

The company was formed by John Dopyera, the luthier who invented the resonator, and George Beauchamp, a steel guitar player who had suggested to Dopyera the need for a guitar loud enough to play a melody over brass and other wind instruments.[3] In 1927, National produced the first resonator instruments and sold under their National brand. They had metal bodies and a tricone resonator system, with three aluminium cones joined by a T-shaped aluminium spider. Wooden-bodied models soon followed, based on inexpensive plywood student guitar bodies supplied by Kay, Harmony, and other established instrument manufacturers.[3] Dobro[edit] Main article: Dobro In 1928, Dopyera left National, and with four of his brothers formed the Dobro
Dobro
Manufacturing Company to produce a competing single resonator design, with the resonator cone inverted. John Dopyera continued to hold stock in National. The Dobro
Dobro
design was both cheaper to produce and louder than the tricone.[3] National soon introduced their own single resonator design, the biscuit, which Dopyera claimed to have designed before leaving, though the patent was registered by Beauchamp. National also continued to produce tricone designs, which some players preferred. In their 1930 catalog, National list eight key associates, including Adolph Rickenbacker, George Beauchamp, Harry Watson, Paul Barth, and Jack Levy.[4] In 1932, the Dopyera brothers secured a controlling interest in both National and Dobro, and merged the companies to form the National Dobro
Dobro
Corporation. National Reso-Phonic Guitars[edit] Main article: National Reso-Phonic Guitars In 1989 a new company in California named National Reso-Phonic Guitars[5] began manufacturing reproductions of resonator instruments based on designs originated by John Dopyera. Resonator guitar
Resonator guitar
designs[edit] The National brand and trademark are particularly associated with two of the three basic resonator designs:

The tricone design with three resonator cones The biscuit design with a single cone

Terms such as National or National pattern are often used to distinguish these patterns from the Dobro
Dobro
design. Notable artists[edit]

Son House
Son House
and Peetie Wheatstraw
Peetie Wheatstraw
were some of the musicians using National resonator guitars. Note: although this picture of Wheatstraw is iconic, he never actually played the instrument. He was a piano player.

Some of the artists that used National guitars were:[2]

Black Ace Scrapper Blackwell Bumble Bee Slim Bo Carter Ray Davies Reverend Gary Davis Blind Boy Fuller Arvella Gray Son House Mark Knopfler Babe Stovall Tampa Red Bukka White Chris Tapp Chris Whitley
Chris Whitley
[6] Oscar "Buddy" Woods Dan Auerbach[7] Reverend J. Peyton of The Reverend Peyton's Big Damn Band Tinsley Ellis

See also[edit]

Resonator guitar, particularly the history section. Dobro
Dobro
Manufacturing Company. National Reso-Phonic Guitars.

Further reading[edit]

"The Earliest Days of the Electric Guitar" at Rickenbacker
Rickenbacker
website Wheeler, Tom: The Guitar Book: A Handbook for Electric & Acoustic Guitarists (1978), Harpercollins - ISBN 0-06-014579-X

References[edit]

^ "National Guitars: American Tradition". Bobbrozman.com. Retrieved 2016-07-23.  ^ a b "National Guitars". National Guitars. Archived from the original on 2014-10-08. Retrieved 2016-07-23.  ^ a b c "Early History of Rickenbacker". Rickenbacker.com. Retrieved 2016-07-23.  ^ Tom Wheeler, The Guitar Book: A Handbook for Electric & Acoustic Guitarists. Harpercollins (1978). ISBN 0-06-014579-X, p. 153 ^ "Business Search - Business Entities - Business Programs". Kepler.sos.ca.gov. Retrieved 2016-07-23.  ^ ""Mustard": Chris Whitley's Iconic National Guitar All Things Chris Whitley". Allthingschriswhitley.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2016-07-23.  ^ http://guitarsnstuff.weebly.com/uploads/1/7/0/4/17044848/7430356.jpg?547

External links[edit]

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