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The National Order of Vietnam (Vietnamese: Bảo quốc Huân chương) was a combined military-civilian decoration of South Vietnam and was considered the highest honor that could be bestowed upon an individual by the Republic of Vietnam government.

The decoration was created in 1950 and was awarded to any person who performed "grandiose works, remarkable deeds, exhibited bravery, or for those who have honored and served the country by lofty virtues and outstanding knowledge."

The National Order was modelled after the French Légion d'honneur, and as such it was issued in five degrees:

  • Grand Cross - wore the badge of the Order on a sash on the right shoulder, plus the star of the Order on the left chest;
  • Grand Officer - wore the badge on a ribbon with rosette on the left chest, plus the star on the right chest;
  • Commander - wore the badge on a necklet;
  • Officer - wore the badge on a ribbon with rosette on the left chest;
  • Knight - wore the badge on a ribbon on the left chest.

Both the badge and the star had the same design, as shown on the top right of this page. The ribbon was red with yellow borders. It was in fact the ribbon of the former Order of the Dragon of Annam when awarded by the Emperor of Annam himself (when awarded by the French Government the ribbon was green with orange borders).

During the Vietnam War, the National Order of Vietnam was bestowed on several members of the United States military, most of whom were senior military and political advisors to the South Vietnamese government. The decoration could also be awarded posthumously.

Since the National Order of Vietnam was both a civil and a military decoration, it was displayed above all other awards when worn on a military uniform. A purely military equivalent of the decoration was the Vietnam Military Merit Medal, awarded only to members of the military.

Knight Grand Cross
(badge with sash)
Grand Officer
(no picture)
Commander
(badge with necklet)
Officer
(no picture)
Knight
(Badge with ribbon)
Grootkruis van de Nationale Orde van Vietnam.jpg
BaoQuocHuanChuongDe5.jpg
Ribbon Bar
VPD National Order of Vietnam - Grand Cross BAR.png
VPD National Order of Vietnam - Grand Officer BAR.png
VPD National Order of Vietnam - Commander BAR.png
VPD National Order of Vietnam - Officer BAR.png
VPD National Order of Vietnam - Knight BAR.png

Notable recipients

See also

External links