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NNI's 2014 enacted budget by agency.[1]   NIH — $441.5M (28.7%)   NSF — $440M (26.7%)   Energy — $303.3M (19.7%)   Defense — $175.9M (11.4%)   NIST —$97.8M (6.4%)   Homeland Security — $24.0M (1.6%)   Agriculture — $19.1M (1.2%)    NASA
NASA
— $17.9M (1.2%)   FDA — $17.0M (1.1%)   EPA — $15.5M (1.0%)   Other (0.99999999999999%)

The National Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology
Initiative is a United States
United States
federal government program for the science, engineering, and technology research and development for nanoscale projects. “The NNI serves as the central point of communication, cooperation, and collaboration for all Federal agencies engaged in nanotechnology research, bringing together the expertise needed to advance this broad and complex field.”[2] Initiative participants (cited below) state that its four goals are to

advance a world-class nanotechnology research and development (R&D) program; foster the transfer of new technologies into products for commercial and public benefit; develop and sustain educational resources, a skilled workforce, and the supporting infrastructure and tools to advance nanotechnology; and support responsible development of nanotechnology.

Contents

1 History 2 See also 3 References 4 External links

History[edit] Mihail C. Roco
Mihail C. Roco
proposed the initiative in a 1999 presentation to the White House in the Clinton administration.[3]; [4]; [5]; [6] President Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
advocated nanotechnology development. In a 21 January 2000 speech [1] at the California Institute of Technology, Clinton stated that "Some of our research goals may take twenty or more years to achieve, but that is precisely why there is an important role for the federal government." President George W. Bush
George W. Bush
further increased funding for nanotechnology. On December 3, 2003 Bush signed into law the 21st Century Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology
Research and Development Act (Public Law 108-153 [2]), which authorizes expenditures for five of the participating agencies totaling $3.63 billion over four years.[3]. This law is an authorization, not an appropriation, and subsequent appropriations for these five agencies have not met the goals set out in the 2003 Act. However, there are many agencies involved in the Initiative that are not covered by the Act, and requested budgets under the Initiative for all participating agencies in Fiscal Years 2006 - 2015 totaled over $1 billion each. In February 2014, the National Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology
Initiative released a Strategic Plan outlining updated goals and "program component areas" [4]," as required under the terms of the Act. This document supersedes the NNI Strategic Plans released in 2004 and 2007. The NNI's budget supplement proposed by the Obama administration for Fiscal Year 2015 provides $1.5 billion in requested funding. The cumulative NNI investment since fiscal year 2001, including the 2015 request, totals almost $21 billion. Cumulative investments in nanotechnology-related environmental, health, and safety research since 2005 now total nearly $900 million. The Federal agencies with the largest investments are the National Institutes of Health, National Science
Science
Foundation, Department of Energy, Department of Defense, and the National Institute of Standards and Technology. [7] See also[edit]

Council of Advisors on Science
Science
and Technology United States
United States
federal loan guarantee Translational research

References[edit]

^ "National Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology
Initiative (NNI): Supplement to the President's FY 2015 Budget" (PDF). Office of Science
Science
and Technology Policy. March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014.  ^ "About the NNI Nano".  ^ Dr. Mihail C. Roco: Senior Advisor for Nanotechnology, National Science
Science
Foundation Archived 11 April 2010 at the Wayback Machine. at NSF Directorate of Engineering
Engineering
website ^ M.C. Roco, R.S. Williams, and P. Alivisatos. Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology
Research Directions: Vision for Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology
R&D in the Next Decade. National Science
Science
and Technology
Technology
Council, White House 1999, reprinted Springer 2000, http://www.nano.gov/sites/default/files/pub_resource/research_directions_1999.pdf ^ M.C. Roco, C.A. Mirkin, and M.C. Hersam. Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology
Research Directions for Societal Needs in 2020: Retrospective and Outlook, Springer 2011, https://www.nano.gov/node/948 ^ M.C. Roco, W.S. Bainbridge, B. Tonn, and G. Whitesides. Convergence of Knowledge, Technology, and Society: Beyond Convergence of NANO-BIO-INFO-COGNITIVE Technologies, Springer, 2013, http://www.wtec.org/NBIC2-Report/ ^ NNI Supplement to the President's Budget for Fiscal Year 2015

External links[edit]

Official website McCray, W. Patrick (2005). "Will Small Be Beautiful? Making Policies for Our Nanotech Future". History and Technology. 21 (2): 177–203. doi:10.1080/07341510500103735. 

v t e

Research and development
Research and development
agencies of the federal government of the United States

Independent agencies

National Science Foundation
National Science Foundation
(NSF) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Environmental Protection Agency
Environmental Protection Agency
Office of Research and Development Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity
Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity
(IARPA) Smithsonian Institution research centers and programs

Agriculture

Agricultural Research Service
Agricultural Research Service
(ARS) National Institute of Food and Agriculture
National Institute of Food and Agriculture
(NIFA) Economic Research Service
Economic Research Service
(ERS) United States
United States
Forest Service Research and Development (R&D)

Commerce

National Institute of Standards and Technology
National Institute of Standards and Technology
(NIST) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
(NOAA)

Defense

Air Force

Air Force Research Laboratory
Air Force Research Laboratory
(AFRL) Air Force Life Cycle Management Center
Air Force Life Cycle Management Center
(AFLCMC) Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center
Air Force Nuclear Weapons Center
(NWC) Air Force Institute of Technology
Technology
(AFIT)

Army

Army Research, Development and Engineering
Engineering
Command (RDECOM) U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command
U.S. Army Test and Evaluation Command
(ATEC) Army Medical Research and Materiel Command (USAMRMC) Engineer Research and Development Center
Engineer Research and Development Center
(ERDC) Army Research Lab (ARL)

Navy

Office of Naval Research
Office of Naval Research
(ONR) Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) Naval Medical Research Center
Naval Medical Research Center
(NMRC) Naval Warfare Centers

Air (NAWC) Surface (NSWC) Undersea (NUWC) Command, Control and Ocean Surveillance (NCCOSC)

Naval Postgraduate School
Naval Postgraduate School
(NPS) Marine Corps Warfighting Laboratory (MCWL)

Other

Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
(USU)

Education

Institute of Education Sciences
Institute of Education Sciences
(IES) National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research (NIDRR)

Energy

Office of Science
Science
(DOE SC) Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E) National Laboratories

Health and Human Services

National Institutes of Health
National Institutes of Health
(NIH) National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
(NIOSH) Food and Drug Administration
Food and Drug Administration
science and research programs Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA)

Homeland Security

Directorate for Science
Science
and Technology
Technology
(S&T) Coast Guard Research & Development Center (CG RDC)

Interior

United States
United States
Geological Survey (USGS)

Justice

National Institute of Justice
National Institute of Justice
(NIJ)

Transportation

Research and Innovative Technology
Technology
Administration Federal Aviation Administration
Federal Aviation Administration
Research, Engineering, and Development Federal Highway Administration
Federal Highway Administration
Research and Technology

Veterans Affairs

Veterans Health Administration Office of Research and Development (ORD)

Multi-agency initiatives

U.S. Global Change Research Program (USGCRP) Networking and Information Technology
Technology
Research and Development Program (NITRD) National Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology
Initiative (NNI)

Judicial branch

Federal Judicial Center

Policy-making bodies

Office of Science
Science
and Technology
Technology
Policy (OSTP) Office of Technology
Technology
Assessment (OTA) (defunct) House Committee on Science, Space and Technology Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 124538133

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