National Monument (Ireland)
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A national monument () in the
Republic of Ireland Ireland ( ga, Éire ), also known as the Republic of Ireland ('), is a country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective id ...

Republic of Ireland
is a structure or site, the preservation of which has been deemed to be of national importance and therefore worthy of state protection. If the land adjoining the monument is essential to protect it, this land may also be protected. Equivalent monuments in
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland ( ga, Tuaisceart Éireann ; sco, label=Ulster-ScotsUlster Scots, also known as Scotch-Irish, may refer to: * Ulster Scots people The Ulster Scots (Ulster-Scots The Ulster Scots (Ulster Scots dialects, Ulster- ...

Northern Ireland
are termed
scheduled monument In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use Britain as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Some prefer ...
s and come under the protection of the
Department for Communities The Department for Communities (DfC, Irish Language, Irish: ''An Roinn Pobal'', Ulster Scots dialect, Ulster Scots: ''Depairtment fur Commonities'' ) is a devolved Northern Ireland government department in the Northern Ireland Executive. The m ...
.


Legal framework for protection

National monuments are managed under the auspices of the National Monuments Service, which is part of the
Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage The Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage ( ga, An Roinn Tithíochta, Rialtais Áitiúil agus Oidhreachta) is a department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, division of a larger organization into parts with specific ...
. The official status of national monument is conferred under the National Monuments Acts 1930 to 2014. Monuments had been protected under the
Ancient Monuments Protection Act 1882 The Ancient Monuments Protection Act 1882 was an Act of the Parliament In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative ass ...
, an Act of the
Parliament of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: Representation (politics), representing the Election#Suffrage, electorate, making laws and overseeing the ...
. After the establishment of the
Irish Free State The Irish Free State ( ga, Saorstát Éireann, , ; 6 December 192229 December 1937) was a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of St ...
in 1922, this framework was reformed by the National Monuments Act 1930. The list of national monuments has since been expanded. By 2010 there were nearly 1000 monuments in state ownership or guardianship, although this represents only a small proportion of Ireland's recorded archaeological heritage. There are more than 126,000 known sites Recorded Monuments'in Ireland. Each national monument is numbered (for example, the
Rock of Cashel The Rock of Cashel ( ga, Carraig Phádraig ), also known as Cashel of the Kings and St. Patrick's Rock, is a historic site located at Cashel, County Tipperary County Tipperary ( ga, Contae Thiobraid Árann) is a county A county is a ...

Rock of Cashel
is National Monument number 128,
Newgrange Newgrange ( ga, Sí an Bhrú) is a prehistoric Prehistory, also known as pre-literary history, is the period of human history Human history, also known as world history, is the description of humanity's past. It is informed by arch ...

Newgrange
is number 147), and a numbered monument may represent a group of sites, as is the case at the Rock of Cashel. A provision of the National Monuments (Amendment) Act 2004 allows for the destruction in whole or in part of a national monument by the
Government of Ireland The Government of Ireland ( ga, Rialtas na hÉireann) is the cabinet (government), cabinet that exercises executive (government), executive authority in Republic of Ireland, Ireland. The Constitution of Ireland vests executive authority in a gove ...
if such destruction is deemed to be in the "public interest". According to press reports, these provisions were included to facilitate road schemes, and in particular the destruction of
Carrickmines Castle Carrickmines Castle is an archaeological site in Carrickmines, County Dublin, in eastern Ireland. The castle was built in the Middle Ages to protect the Kingdom of England, English-ruled the Pale, Pale around Dublin. The mostly subsurface ruins l ...
, a national monument, to build an intersection along the south-eastern section of the
M50 motorwayM50 motorway may refer to: *M50 motorway (Ireland), a major road in Dublin *M50 motorway (Great Britain), a road in the United Kingdom *M50 motorway (Spain), Madrid third outer ring road See also

*M-50 (Michigan highway), a road in the United St ...

M50 motorway
.


World Heritage Sites

Two national monuments are also recognised by
UNESCO The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) (french: Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialised agency United Nations Specialized Agencies are autonomous orga ...

UNESCO
as
World Heritage Site A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area with legal protection by an international convention administered by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). World Heritage Sites are designated by UNESCO for h ...
s: in County Meath and
Skellig Michael Skellig Michael ( ga, Sceilg Mhichíl ), also called Great Skellig ( ga, link=no, Sceilig Mhór ), is a twin-pinnacled Crag and tail, crag west of the Iveragh Peninsula in County Kerry, Ireland. The island is named after the archangel Michael ...

Skellig Michael
in County Kerry.


List of monuments

The following is an index to lists of National Monuments of the Republic of Ireland, divided by
province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are g ...

province
.


Connacht

* List of National Monuments in County Galway *
List of National Monuments in County Leitrim The Irish state has officially approved the following List of National Monuments in County Leitrim County Leitrim ( ; gle, Contae Liatroma) is a county in the Republic of Ireland. It is in the province of Connacht and is part of the Border ...
* List of National Monuments in County Mayo * List of National Monuments in County Roscommon * List of National Monuments in County Sligo


Leinster

* List of National Monuments in County Carlow * List of National Monuments in County Dublin * List of National Monuments in County Kildare *
List of National Monuments in County Kilkenny The Irish state has officially approved the following List of National Monuments in County Kilkenny. In the Republic of Ireland, a structure or site may be deemed to be a "National Monument (Ireland), National Monument", and therefore worthy of ...
* List of National Monuments in County Laois * List of National Monuments in County Longford * List of National Monuments in County Louth * List of National Monuments in County Meath * List of National Monuments in County Offaly * List of National Monuments in County Westmeath * List of National Monuments in County Wexford * List of National Monuments in County Wicklow


Munster

* List of National Monuments in County Clare * List of National Monuments in County Cork * List of National Monuments in County Kerry * List of National Monuments in County Limerick * List of National Monuments in County Tipperary *
List of National Monuments in County Waterford The Irish state has officially approved the following List of National Monuments in County Waterford. In the Republic of Ireland, a structure or site may be deemed to be a "National Monument (Ireland), National Monument", and therefore worthy o ...


Ulster

* List of National Monuments in County Cavan *
List of National Monuments in County Donegal The Irish state has officially approved the following List of National Monuments in County Donegal. In the Republic of Ireland, a structure or site may be deemed to be a "National Monument (Ireland), National Monument", and therefore worthy of ...
* List of National Monuments in County Monaghan


References

{{National Monuments of Ireland Archaeological sites in the Republic of Ireland Monuments and memorials in the Republic of Ireland Heritage registers in the Republic of Ireland Department of Housing, Local Government and Heritage