The Info List - National Medal Of Arts

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The National Medal of Arts
is an award and title created by the United States Congress in 1984, for the purpose of honoring artists and patrons of the arts. A prestigious American honor, it is the highest honor specifically given for achievement in the arts conferred to an individual artist on behalf of the people. Honorees are selected by the National Endowment for the Arts
(NEA), and ceremoniously presented the award by the President of the United States. The medal was designed for the NEA by sculptor Robert Graham.


1 Laureates 2 Recipients of the National Medal of Arts 3 Declined honors 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Laureates[edit] In 1983, prior to the official establishment of the Medal, the following artists and patrons received a medal from President Reagan, arranged by the President's Committee on the Arts
and the Humanities:

(artists) Pinchas Zukerman, Frederica von Stade, Czesław Miłosz, Maya Lin, Frank Stella, Philip Johnson
Philip Johnson
and Luis Valdez; (patrons) The Texaco
Philanthropic Foundation, James Michener, Philip Morris, The Cleveland Foundation, Elma Lewis and The Dayton Hudson Foundation.

Recipients of the National Medal of Arts[edit]

Year Name Area of Achievement

1985 Elliott Carter, Jr. composer

Ralph Ellison writer

Jose Ferrer actor

Martha Graham dancer, choreographer

Louise Nevelson sculptor

Georgia O'Keeffe painter

Leontyne Price soprano

Dorothy Buffum Chandler arts patron

Lincoln Kirstein arts patron

Paul Mellon arts patron

Alice Tully arts patron

Hallmark Cards, Inc. corporate arts patron

1986 Marian Anderson contralto singer

Frank Capra film director

Aaron Copland composer

Willem de Kooning painter

Agnes de Mille choreographer

Eva Le Gallienne actress, director, author

Alan Lomax folklorist, scholar

Lewis Mumford philosopher, literary critic

Eudora Welty writer

Dominique de Menil arts patron

Exxon Corporation corporate arts patron

Seymour H. Knox II arts patron

1987 Romare Bearden painter

Ella Fitzgerald singer

Howard Nemerov writer, scholar

Alwin Nikolais dancer, choreographer

Isamu Noguchi sculptor

William Schuman composer

Robert Penn Warren writer, poet

J. W. Fisher arts patron

Armand Hammer arts patron

Sydney Lewis arts patrons

1988 Saul Bellow writer

Helen Hayes actress

Gordon Parks photographer, film director

I.M. Pei architect

Jerome Robbins dancer, choreographer

Rudolf Serkin pianist

Virgil Thomson composer, music critic

Sydney J. Freedberg art historian, curator

Roger L. Stevens arts administrator

Brooke Astor arts patron

Francis Goelet music patron

Obert Clark Tanner arts patron

1989 Leopold Adler preservationist, civic leader

Katherine Dunham dancer, choreographer

Alfred Eisenstaedt photographer

Martin Friedman museum director

Leigh Gerdine arts patron, civic leader

John Birks "Dizzy" Gillespie jazz trumpeter

Walker Hancock sculptor

Vladimir Horowitz pianist (posthumous)

Czesław Miłosz writer

Robert Motherwell painter

John Updike writer

Dayton Hudson
Dayton Hudson
Corporation corporate arts patron

1990 George Abbott producer

Hume Cronyn actor

Jessica Tandy actress

Merce Cunningham choreographer & dance company director

Jasper Johns painter & sculptor

Jacob Lawrence painter

Riley "B.B." King blues musician

David Lloyd Kreeger arts patron

Harris & Carroll Sterling Masterson arts patrons

Ian McHarg landscape architect

Beverly Sills opera singer

Southeastern Bell Corporation corporate arts patron

1991 Maurice Abravanel music director & conductor

Roy Acuff country singer

Pietro Belluschi architect

J. Carter Brown museum director

Charles "Honi" Coles tap dancer

John O. Crosby opera director, conductor, administrator

Richard Diebenkorn painter

R. Philip Hanes arts patron

Kitty Carlisle Hart actress, singer & arts administrator

Pearl Primus choreographer & anthropologist

Isaac Stern violinist

Inc. corporate arts patron

1992 Marilyn Horne opera singer

James Earl Jones actor

Allan Houser sculptor

Minnie Pearl comedian

Robert Saudek television producer, Museum of Broadcasting founding director

Earl Scruggs banjo player

Robert Shaw orchestra conductor, choral director

Billy Taylor jazz pianist

Robert Venturi
Robert Venturi
and Denise Scott Brown architects

Robert Wise director

AT&T Inc. corporate arts patron

Lila Wallace (Reader's Digest Fund) foundation arts patron

1993 Walter and Leonore Annenberg arts patrons

Cabell "Cab" Calloway singer & bandleader

Ray Charles singer & musician

Bess Lomax Hawes folklorist

Stanley Kunitz poet & educator

Robert Merrill baritone

Arthur Miller playwright

Robert Rauschenberg artist

Lloyd Richards theatrical director

William Styron writer

Paul Taylor dancer & choreographer

Billy Wilder director, writer & producer

1994 Harry Belafonte singer & actor

Dave Brubeck jazz musician

Celia Cruz singer

Dorothy DeLay violin teacher

Julie Harris actress

Erick Hawkins choreographer

Gene Kelly actor & dancer

Pete Seeger composer, lyricist, vocalist, banjo player

Catherine Filene Shouse arts patron

Wayne Thiebaud artist, teacher

Richard Wilbur poet, teacher, critic, literary translator

Young Audiences arts presenter

1995 Licia Albanese opera singer

Gwendolyn Brooks poet

B. Gerald and Iris Cantor arts patrons

Ossie Davis
Ossie Davis
and Ruby Dee actors

David Diamond composer

James Ingo Freed architect

Bob Hope entertainer

Roy Lichtenstein painter, sculptor

Arthur Mitchell dancer, choreographer

Bill Monroe bluegrass musician

Urban Gateways arts education organization

1996 Edward Albee playwright

Sarah Caldwell opera conductor

Harry Callahan photographer

Zelda Fichandler theater director, producer, educator

Eduardo "Lalo" Guerrero composer, musician

Lionel Hampton musician, bandleader

Bella Lewitzky dancer, choreographer, teacher

Vera List arts patron

Robert Redford actor, director, producer

Maurice Sendak writer, illustrator, designer

Stephen Sondheim composer, lyricist

Boys Choir of Harlem performing arts youth group

1997 Louise Bourgeois sculptor

Betty Carter jazz vocalist

Agnes Gund arts patron

Daniel Urban Kiley landscape architect

Angela Lansbury actress

James Levine opera conductor, pianist

Tito Puente Latin percussionist, musician

Jason Robards actor

Edward Villella dancer, choreographer

Doc Watson bluegrass guitarist, vocalist

MacDowell Colony artist colony

1998 Jacques d'Amboise dancer, choreographer, educator

Antoine "Fats" Domino rock 'n' roll pianist, singer

Ramblin' Jack Elliott folk singer, songwriter

Frank Gehry architect

Barbara Handman arts advocate

Agnes Martin visual artist

Gregory Peck actor, producer

Roberta Peters opera singer

Philip Roth writer

Sara Lee Corporation corporate arts patron

Steppenwolf Theatre Company arts organization

Gwen Verdon actress, dancer

1999 Irene Diamond arts patron

Aretha Franklin singer

Michael Graves architect, designer

Odetta singer, music historian

The Juilliard School performing arts school

Norman Lear producer, writer, director, advocate

Rosetta LeNoire actress, producer

Harvey Lichtenstein arts administrator

Lydia Mendoza singer

George Segal sculptor

Maria Tallchief ballerina

2000 Maya Angelou poet, writer

Eddy Arnold country singer

Mikhail Baryshnikov dancer & director

Benny Carter jazz musician

Chuck Close painter

Horton Foote playwright, screenwriter

Lewis Manilow arts patron

National Public Radio, cultural programming division broadcaster

Claes Oldenburg sculptor

Itzhak Perlman violinist

Harold Prince theater director, producer

Barbra Streisand actress, singer & director

2001 Alvin Ailey Dance Foundation modern dance company and school

Rudolfo Anaya writer

Johnny Cash singer & songwriter

Kirk Douglas actor

Helen Frankenthaler painter

Judith Jamison artistic director, choreographer, dancer

Yo-Yo Ma cellist

Mike Nichols director, producer

2002 Florence Knoll Bassett architect

Trisha Brown artistic director, choreographer, dancer

Philippe de Montebello museum director

Uta Hagen actress, drama teacher

Lawrence Halprin landscape architect

Al Hirschfeld artist, illustrator

George Jones singer

Ming Cho Lee theater designer

William "Smokey" Robinson songwriter, musician

2003 Austin City Limits PBS television program

Beverly Cleary writer

Rafe Esquith arts educator

Suzanne Farrell dancer, choreographer, company director, educator

Buddy Guy blues musician

Ron Howard actor, director & producer

Mormon Tabernacle Choir choral group

Leonard Slatkin symphony orchestra conductor

George Strait country singer, songwriter

Tommy Tune dancer, actor, choreographer, director

2004 Andrew W. Mellon Foundation philanthropic foundation

Ray Bradbury author

Carlisle Floyd opera composer

Frederick Hart sculptor (posthumous)

Anthony Hecht poet

John Ruthven wildlife artist

Vincent Scully architectural historian & educator

Twyla Tharp contemporary dance choreographer

2005 Louis Auchincloss author

James DePreist symphony orchestra conductor

Paquito D'Rivera jazz musician

Robert Duvall actor

Leonard Garment arts advocate

Ollie Johnston pioneering film animator & artist

Wynton Marsalis jazz musician & educator

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts arts education

Tina Ramirez dancer & choreographer

Dolly Parton singer & songwriter

2006 William Bolcom composer

Cyd Charisse actress & dancer

Roy DeCarava photographer

Wilhelmina Holladay arts patron

Interlochen Center for the Arts summer arts camp and winter arts focused boarding high school

Erich Kunzel conductor

Preservation Hall Jazz Band jazz ensemble

Gregory Rabassa literary translator

Viktor Schreckengost industrial designer/sculptor

Ralph Stanley bluegrass musician

2007 Morten Lauridsen composer

N. Scott Momaday author

Craig Noel director

Roy Neuberger arts patron

Les Paul electric guitar pioneer

Henry Z. Steinway arts patron

George Tooker painter

Lionel Hampton
Lionel Hampton
Jazz Festival (University of Idaho) music festival

Andrew Wyeth painter

2008 Stan Lee writer, editor, and creator of many comic books

Richard M. Sherman songwriter

Robert B. Sherman songwriter

Olivia de Havilland actress

Hank Jones jazz pianist

Jesús Moroles sculptor

Ford's Theatre
Ford's Theatre
Society historic theatre organization

Fisk Jubilee Singers, (Fisk University) African American choral group

José Limón Dance Foundation dance troupe

The Presser Foundation music philanthropy organization

2009 Bob Dylan singer &songwriter

Clint Eastwood actor & director

Milton Glaser graphic designer

Maya Lin artist & architect

Rita Moreno actress

Jessye Norman soprano

Joseph P. Riley, Jr. mayor

Frank Stella artist

Michael Tilson Thomas conductor

John Williams composer, conductor & pianist

Oberlin Conservatory of Music

School of American Ballet

2010 Robert Brustein theater director & producer

Van Cliburn classical pianist

Mark di Suvero sculptor

Donald Hall poet

Jacob's Pillow Dance Festival

Quincy Jones composer & music producer

Harper Lee novelist

Sonny Rollins jazz musician

Meryl Streep actress

James Taylor singer & songwriter

2011 Will Barnet artist

Rita Dove poet

Al Pacino actor

Emily Rauh Pulitzer arts patron

Martin Puryear sculptor

Mel Tillis singer & songwriter

United Service Organization
United Service Organization
(USO) provides programs and entertainment to the U.S. military and their families

André Watts classical pianist

2012 Herb Alpert musician

Lin Arison arts education advocate

Joan Myers Brown dancer, choreographer and artistic director

Renée Fleming opera singer

Ernest Gaines author & teacher

Ellsworth Kelly artist

Tony Kushner playwright

George Lucas film director

Elaine May actress & director

Laurie Olin landscape architect

Allen Toussaint composer, producer and performer

Washington Performing Arts
Society arts presenter

2013 Julia Alvarez novelist, poet & essayist

Brooklyn Academy of Music presenter

Joan Harris arts patron

Bill T. Jones dancer & choreographer

John Kander musical theater composer

Jeffrey Katzenberg director and CEO of DreamWorks

Maxine Hong Kingston writer

Albert Maysles documentary filmmaker

Linda Ronstadt musician

Billie Tsien & Tod Williams architects

James Turrell visual artist

2014 John Baldessari visual artist

Ping Chong theater director, choreographer, and video and installation artist

Míriam Colón actress

The Doris Duke Charitable Foundation supporting creative expression across the country

Sally Field actress and filmmaker

Ann Hamilton visual artist

Stephen King author

Meredith Monk composer, singer, and performer

George Shirley tenor

University Musical Society presenting the performing arts to communities in Michigan

Tobias Wolff author and educator

2015 Mel Brooks filmmaker, comedian

Sandra Cisneros author

Eugene O'Neill Theater Center theater

Morgan Freeman actor

Philip Glass composer

Berry Gordy record producer, song writer

Santiago Jiménez, Jr. musician

Moises Kaufman theater

Ralph Lemon dance

Audra McDonald actor

Luis Valdez playwright, actor, director

Jack Whitten painter

Declined honors[edit] In 1989, composer and conductor, Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
refused his award, allegedly due to how a federal grant to an art show on AIDS had been revoked.[1] In 1992, musical theatre composer and lyricist Stephen Sondheim refused his award, on account of believing that the NEA had "become a victim of its own and others' political infighting and is rapidly being transformed into a conduit and a symbol of censorship and repression rather than encouragement and support."[2] In 1997, poet Adrienne Rich
Adrienne Rich
refused her award as a protest against “inconsistencies” between art and “the cynical politics” of the Clinton White House administration.[3] See also[edit]

National Medal of Science National Medal of Technology and Innovation


^ " Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
Refuses The National Medal of Arts" ^ STEPHEN SONDHEIM, the Tony Award-winning lyricist and composer, has turned down the 1992 National Medal of Arts
award administered by the National Endowment for the Arts. ^ Adrienne Rich's letter to The National Endowment for the Arts

External links[edit]

National Endo