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The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
(NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness. NIOSH
NIOSH
is part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIOSH
NIOSH
is headquartered in Washington, D.C., with research laboratories and offices in Cincinnati, Ohio; Morgantown, West Virginia; Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Denver, Colorado; Anchorage, Alaska; Spokane, Washington; and Atlanta, Georgia.[1] NIOSH
NIOSH
is a professionally diverse organization with a staff of 1,200 people representing a wide range of disciplines including epidemiology, medicine, industrial hygiene, safety, psychology, engineering, chemistry, and statistics. The director of NIOSH
NIOSH
is John Howard. The Occupational Safety and Health Act, signed by President Richard M. Nixon, on December 29, 1970, created both NIOSH
NIOSH
and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). NIOSH
NIOSH
was established to help ensure safe and healthful working conditions by providing research, information, education, and training in the field of occupational safety and health. NIOSH
NIOSH
provides national and world leadership to prevent work-related illness, injury, disability, and death by gathering information, conducting scientific research, and translating the knowledge gained into products and services.[2]

Contents

1 Strategic goals 2 NIOSH
NIOSH
authority 3 NIOSH
NIOSH
products and publications 4 NIOSH
NIOSH
education and research centers 5 See also 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

Strategic goals[edit] NIOSH
NIOSH
abides by a strategic plan for meeting institutional goals and allocating resources. The Institute has three overarching goals:

Conduct research to reduce work-related illnesses and injuries Promote safe and healthy workplaces through interventions, recommendations and capacity building Enhance global workplace safety and health through international collaborations

—  NIOSH
NIOSH
Strategic Plan Outline 2004-2000, [3]

The goals are supported by NIOSH's program portfolio. The portfolio categorizes Institute efforts into 10 groups representing industrial sectors. The program portfolio further subdivides efforts into 24 cross sectors.[4] NIOSH
NIOSH
authority[edit] Unlike its counterpart, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, NIOSH
NIOSH
is not a regulatory agency. It does not issue safety and health standards that are enforceable under U.S. law. Rather, NIOSH's authority under the Occupational Safety and Health Act [29 CFR § 671] is to "develop recommendations for health and safety standards", to "develop information on safe levels of exposure to toxic materials and harmful physical agents and substances", and to "conduct research on new safety and health problems". NIOSH
NIOSH
may also "conduct on-site investigations (Health Hazard Evaluations) to determine the toxicity of materials used in workplaces" and "fund research by other agencies or private organizations through grants, contracts, and other arrangements".[5] NIOSH
NIOSH
was intended to function as an agency at the same level as, and independent from, the Centers for Disease Control. NIOSH
NIOSH
was initially placed within the Centers for Disease Control in order to obtain administrative support from the Centers until NIOSH
NIOSH
was ready to assume those responsibilities for itself; the Centers, however, never relinquished control and the original intent of the Act never came to pass.[citation needed] Also, pursuant to its authority granted to it by the Mine Safety and Health Act of 1977, NIOSH
NIOSH
may "develop recommendations for mine health standards for the Mine Safety and Health Administration", "administer a medical surveillance program for miners, including chest X‑rays to detect pneumoconiosis (black lung disease) in coal miners", "conduct on-site investigations in mines similar to those authorized for general industry under the Occupational Safety and Health Act; and "test and certify personal protective equipment and hazard-measurement instruments".[5] NIOSH
NIOSH
products and publications[edit] NIOSH
NIOSH
research covers a wide range of fields. The knowledge obtained through intramural and extramural research programs is used to develop products and publication offering innovative solutions for a wide range of work settings. Some of the publications produced by NIOSH include:

Alerts are put out by the agency to request assistance in preventing, solving, and controlling newly identified occupational hazards. They briefly present what is known about the risk for occupational injury, illness, and death. Criteria Documents contain recommendations for the prevention of occupational diseases and injuries. These documents are submitted to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
or the Mine Safety and Health Administration for consideration in their formulation of legally binding safety and health standards. Current Intelligence Bulletins analyze new information about occupational health and safety hazards. The National Agricultural Safety Database contains citations and summaries of scholarly journal articles and reports about agricultural health and safety. The Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation program publishes occupational fatality data that are used to publish fatality reports by specific sectors of industry and types of fatal incidents.[6] The NIOSH Power Tools Database
NIOSH Power Tools Database
contains sound power levels, sound pressure levels, and vibrations data for a variety of common power tools that have been tested by NIOSH
NIOSH
researchers. The NIOSH
NIOSH
Hearing Protection Device Compendium contains attenuation information and features for commercially available earplugs, earmuffs and semi-aural insert devices (canal caps).[7] NIOSH
NIOSH
Manual of Analytical Methods contains recommendations for collection, sampling and analysis of contaminants in the workplace and industrial hygiene samples, including air filters, biological fluids, wipes and bulks for occupationally relevant analytes.[8] The NIOSH
NIOSH
Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards informs workers, employers, and occupational health professionals about workplace chemicals and their hazards.[9]

NIOSH
NIOSH
education and research centers[edit] Main article: NIOSH
NIOSH
Education and Research Centers NIOSH Education and Research Centers
NIOSH Education and Research Centers
are multidisciplinary centers supported by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health for education and research in the field of occupational health. Through the centers, NIOSH
NIOSH
supports academic degree programs and research opportunities, as well as continuing education for OSH professionals.[10] The ERCs, distributed in regions across the United States, establish academic, labor, and industry research partnerships.[11] The research conducted at the centers is related to the National Occupational Research Agenda
National Occupational Research Agenda
(NORA) established by NIOSH.[12] Founded in 1977, NIOSH
NIOSH
ERCs are responsible for nearly half of post-baccalaureate graduates entering occupational health and safety fields. The ERCs focus on industrial hygiene, occupational health nursing, occupational medicine, occupational safety, and other areas of specialization.[13] At many ERCs, students in specific disciplines have their tuition paid in full and receive additional stipend money. ERCs provide a benefit to local businesses by offering reduced price assessments to local businesses. See also[edit]

Fire Fighter Fatality Investigation and Prevention Program Health Hazard Evaluation Program Immediately dangerous to life or health National Fire Fighter Near-Miss Reporting System National Occupational Research Agenda NIOSH
NIOSH
air filtration rating Occupational health psychology Occupational safety and health Prevention through design Recommended Exposure Limits SENSOR-Pesticides

References[edit]

^ NIOSH
NIOSH
Divisions, Labs, and Offices Archived 2009-10-20 at the Wayback Machine. ^ About NIOSH. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. ^ NIOSH
NIOSH
Strategic Plan Outline 2004-2009. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. ^ NIOSH
NIOSH
Program Portfolio, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, October 23, 2013  ^ a b National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
(US) About NIOSH ^ National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
(US) NIOSH Publications by Category ^ "CDC - National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
Hearing Protector Device Compendium". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2016-06-14.  ^ "CDC - NIOSH
NIOSH
Publications and Products - NIOSH
NIOSH
Manual of Analytical Methods (2014-151)". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2016-05-04.  ^ "CDC - NIOSH
NIOSH
Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards (NPG)". www.cdc.gov. Retrieved 2016-06-13.  ^ NIOSH Education and Research Centers
NIOSH Education and Research Centers
(ERCs). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. July, 2008. Accessed February 13, 2009 ^ NIOSH
NIOSH
ERC - Great Lakes Center. University of Illinois at Chicago. Accessed February 13, 2009 ^ Education and Research Center (ERC): About ERC. University of Cincinnati, Department of Environmental Health. September 15, 2008. Accessed February 13, 2009 ^ NIOSH
NIOSH
Announces New Name for Centers to Reflect Education, Research Mission. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Update, January 22, 1998. Accessed February 13, 2009

Further reading[edit]

Roelofs, Cora (2007), Preventing Hazards at the Source, AIHA, pp. 23–31, ISBN 9781931504836  Zak Figura, Susannah (October 1995), " NIOSH
NIOSH
under siege", Occupational Hazards, Penton Media, 57 (10): 161 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health.

NIOSH
NIOSH
Homepage Global Environmental and Occupational Health e-Library online database of environmental health and occupational health and safety training materials NIOSH Power Tools Database
NIOSH Power Tools Database
online database of sound and vibrations data for various power tools Safe-in-Sound Excellence in Hearing Loss
Hearing Loss
Prevention Award

v t e

Agencies of the United States Department of Health and Human Services

Headquarters: Hubert H. Humphrey Building

Alex Azar, Secretary of Health and Human Services Eric Hargan, Deputy Secretary of Health and Human Services

Secretariate staff offices

Office of the Secretary of Health and Human Services Office of the Deputy Secretary of Health and Human Services Office of Inspector General Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology

Organizations directly under the Secretary of Health and Human Services

Administration for Community Living

Organizations under the Assistant Secretary for Health

Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health Public Health Service Public Health Service Commissioned Corps

Surgeon General

Office of Public Health and Science Administration for Children and Families Administration on Aging Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Food and Drug Administration Health Resources and Services Administration Indian Health Service National Institutes of Health Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality

Programs

Child Welfare Information Gateway National Toxicology Program

v t e

Occupational safety and health

Occupational diseases and injuries

Acrodynia Asbestosis Asthma Berylliosis Brucellosis Byssinosis ("brown lung") Chalicosis Chimney sweeps' carcinoma Chronic solvent-induced encephalopathy (CSE) Coalworker's pneumoconiosis
Coalworker's pneumoconiosis
("black lung") Concussions in sport Decompression sickness De Quervain syndrome Exposure to human nail dust Farmer's lung Fiddler's neck Flock worker's lung Glassblower's cataract Golfer's elbow Hearing Loss Hospital-acquired infection Indium lung Laboratory animal allergy Lead poisoning Mad hatter disease Mesothelioma Metal fume fever Mule spinners' cancer Noise-induced hearing loss Phossy jaw Pneumoconiosis Radium jaw Repetitive strain injury Silicosis Silo-filler's disease Sports injury Surfer's ear Tennis elbow Tinnitus Writer's cramp

Occupational hygiene

Occupational hazard Hierarchy of hazard controls Prevention through design Exposure assessment Occupational exposure limit Occupational epidemiology

Professions

Environmental health Industrial engineering Occupational health nursing Occupational health psychology Occupational medicine Occupational therapist Safety engineering

Agencies and organizations

European Agency for Safety and Health at Work UK Health and Safety Executive International Labour Organization U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration World Health Organization

Standards

Bangladesh Accord ISO 45001 Occupational Safety and Health Convention, 1981 Worker Protection Standard
Worker Protection Standard
(US) Working Environment Convention, 1977

See also

Environment, health and safety Environmental toxicology Ergonomics Health physics Indoor air quality International Chemical Safety Card National Day of Mourning (Canadian observance) Process safety management Public health Risk management Safety data sheet
Safety data sheet
(SDS) Toxic tort Workers' compensation

Category Occupational diseases Commons Jour

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