A NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARK (NHL) is a building, district, object, site, or structure that is officially recognized by the United States government for its outstanding historical significance. Of over 90,000 places listed on the country's National Register of Historic Places , only some 2,500 are recognized as National Historic Landmarks.
A NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARK DISTRICT may include contributing properties that are buildings, structures, sites or objects, and it may include non-contributing properties. Contributing properties may or may not also be separately listed.
* 1 Creation of the
National Historic Landmark
CREATION OF THE NATIONAL HISTORIC LANDMARK PROGRAM
Prior to 1935, efforts to preserve cultural heritage of national
importance were made by piecemeal efforts of the United States
Congress. In 1935, Congress passed the
Historic Sites Act , which
authorized the Interior Secretary authority to formally record and
organize historic properties, and to designate properties as having
"national historical significance", and gave the National Park Service
authority to administer historically significant federally owned
properties. Over the following decades, surveys such as the Historic
American Buildings Survey amassed information about culturally and
architecturally significant properties in a program known as the
Historic Sites Survey. Most of the designations made under this
legislation became National Historic Sites , although the very first
designation, made December 20, 1935, was for a National Memorial , the
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial
In 1960, the
National Park Service
On October 9, 1960, 92 properties were announced as designated NHLs
by Secretary of the Interior
Fred A. Seaton
NHLs are designated by the United States Secretary of the Interior because they are:
* Sites where events of national historical significance occurred; * Places where prominent persons lived or worked; * Icons of ideals that shaped the nation; * Outstanding examples of design or construction; * Places characterizing a way of life; or * Archeological sites able to yield information.
More than 2,500 NHLs have been designated. Most, but not all, are in the United States.
There are NHLs in all 50 states and the
District of Columbia
Some NHLs are in U.S. commonwealths and territories, associated
states, and foreign states . There are 15 in
Over 100 ships or shipwrecks have been designated as NHLs.
About half of the National Historic
If not already listed on the National Register of Historic Places , an NHL is automatically added to the Register upon designation. About three percent of Register listings are NHLs.
American Water Landmark
* ^ Robinson, Nicholas. _Environmental Regulation of Real
Property_, Volume 1. New York: Law Journal Press, 1982. pp. 6:22–23.
* ^ Lee, Antoinette Josephine. _The American Mosaic: Preserving a
Nation's Heritage_. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1997. ISBN
978-0-8143-2719-7 . p. 7
* ^ McDonnell, Janet; Mackintosh, Barry. _The National Parks:
Shaping the System_. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 2005.
ISBN 978-0-912627-73-1 . p. 52
* ^ Frank, Karolin; Petersen, Patricia. _Historic Preservation in
the USA_. Berlin: Springer, 2002. ISBN 978-3-540-41735-4 . p. 66
* ^ Robinson, p. 6:24
National Park Service