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The National Gallery of Canada
Canada
(French: Musée des beaux-arts du Canada), located in the capital city of Ottawa, Ontario, is Canada's premier art gallery.[1] The Gallery is now housed in a glass and granite building on Sussex Drive with a notable view of the Canadian Parliament buildings on Parliament Hill. The building was designed by Moshe Safdie
Moshe Safdie
and opened in 1988.[2] The Gallery's former director Jean Sutherland Boggs was chosen especially by Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau
Pierre Trudeau
to oversee construction of the national gallery and museums.[3] Marc Mayer was named the museum's director, succeeding Pierre Théberge, on 19 January 2009.[4]

Contents

1 History 2 Directors 3 Collection 4 Selected works

4.1 Renaissance and Mannerism 4.2 Baroque 4.3 Romanticism, early 19th century 4.4 19th century, Post-Impressionism 4.5 20th century

5 Affiliations 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links

History[edit]

View of the National Gallery of Canada
Canada
from Parliament Hill. The Gallery moved to its present location in 1988.

The Gallery was first formed in 1880 by Canada's Governor General John Douglas Sutherland Campbell, 9th Duke of Argyll, and, in 1882, moved into its first home on Parliament Hill
Parliament Hill
in the same building as the Supreme Court.[2] In 1911, the Gallery moved to the Victoria Memorial Museum, now the home of the Canadian Museum of Nature. In 1913, the first National Gallery Act was passed outlining the Gallery's mandate and resources.[2] In 1962, the Gallery moved to the Lorne Building site, a rather nondescript office building on Elgin Street.[5] Adjacent to the British High Commission, the building has since been demolished for a 17-storey office building that is to house the Federal Finance Department. The museum moved into its current building on Sussex Drive
Sussex Drive
in 1988, beside Nepean Point. In 1985, the newly created Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography (CMCP), formerly the Stills Photography Division of the National Film Board of Canada, was affiliated to the National Gallery. The CMCP's mandate, collection and staff moved to its new location in 1992, at 1 Rideau Canal, next to the Château Laurier. In 1998, the CMCP's administration was amalgamated to that of the National Gallery's. In 2000, the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada
Canada
chose the National Gallery as one of the top 500 buildings produced in Canada during the last millennium.[6] Directors[edit]

Eric Brown 1912–1939 Harry Orr McCurry 1939–1955 Alan Jarvis 1955–1959 Charles Fraser Comfort
Charles Fraser Comfort
1960–65 Jean Sutherland Boggs 1966–1976

Hsio-Yen Shih 1976–1981 Joseph Martin 1981–1987 Shirley Thomson 1987–1997 Pierre Théberge 1998–2008 Marc Mayer 2009–present

Collection[edit]

Sculptures on display inside the National Gallery of Canada

The Gallery has a large and varied collection of paintings, drawings, sculpture and photographs. Although its focus is on Canadian art, it holds works by many noted American and European artists. It has a strong contemporary art collection with some of Andy Warhol's most famous works.[7] In 1990 the Gallery bought Barnett Newman's Voice of Fire for $1.8 million, igniting a storm of controversy. Since that time its value has appreciated sharply. In 2005, the Gallery acquired a painting by Italian Renaissance painter Francesco Salviati for $4.5 million.[8] Its most famous painting is likely The Death of General Wolfe by Anglo-American artist Benjamin West. In 2005, a sculpture of a giant spider, Louise Bourgeois's Maman, was installed in the plaza in front of the Gallery.[9] In 2011 the gallery installed Canadian sculptor Joe Fafard's Running Horses next to the Sussex Drive
Sussex Drive
entrance, and American artist Roxy Paine's stainless steel sculpture One Hundred Foot Line in Nepean Point
Nepean Point
behind the gallery. The Canadian collection, the most comprehensive in Canada, holds works by Louis-Philippe Hébert, Tom Thomson, the Group of Seven, Emily Carr, Alex Colville, Jean-Paul Riopelle
Jean-Paul Riopelle
and Jack Bush.[10] The Gallery organizes its own exhibits which travel across Canada
Canada
and beyond, and hosts shows from around the world, often co-sponsored with other national art galleries and museums.[11][12] The Gallery's collection has been built up through purchase and donations. Much of the collection was donated, notably the British paintings donated by former Governor General Vincent Massey
Vincent Massey
and that of the Southam family. Selected works[edit] The museum features Canadian, Native and Inuit art, American and European painting, sculpture, prints and drawings, modern and contemporary art and photographs. The largest work in the Gallery is the entire interior of the Rideau Street Chapel, which formed part of the Convent of Our Lady Sacred Heart,[5] The interior decorations of the Rideau Street Chapel were designed by Georges Couillon in 1887. After the convent was demolished in 1972, the chapel was dismantled, stored and reconstructed within the gallery as a work of art in 1988. Renaissance and Mannerism[edit]

Hieronymus Bosch, The Temptation of St. Anthony, 1501–50.

Hans Baldung, Eve, the Serpent, and Death, c. 1510–15.

Titian, Daniele Barbaro, 1545.

Paolo Veronese, Fragment of the Petrobelli Altarpiece: The Dead Christ with Angels, c. 1563.

El Greco, St. Francis and Brother Leo Meditating on Death, c. 1600–05.

Baroque[edit]

Peter Paul Ruebens, The Entombment, c. 1612–15.

Rembrandt, Heroine from the Old Testament, 1632–33.

Romanticism, early 19th century[edit]

Benjamin West, Death of General Wolfe, 1770.

Caspar David Friedrich, Boy Sleeping on a Grave, c. 1801–03.

J. M. W. Turner, Shoeburyness Fishermen Hailing a Whitstable Hoy, c. 1809.

Eugène Delacroix, The Barque of Dante, c. 1820.

Francisco Goya, Holy Week in Spain in Times Past, c. 1825.

19th century, Post-Impressionism[edit]

Honoré Daumier, The Third-Class Carriage, 1863–65.

Odilon Redon, The Raven, 1882.

Paul Gauguin, The Quarries of Le Chou near Pontoise, 1882.

Vincent van Gogh, Iris, 1890.

Camille Pissarro, Hay Harvest at Éragny, 1901.

Paul Cézanne, Forest, c. 1902–04.

20th century[edit]

Gustav Klimt, Hope I, 1903.

Tom Thomson, The Jack Pine, 1916–17.

Edward Wadsworth, Dazzle-ships in Drydock at Liverpool, 1919.

David Milne, Vimy Ridge from Souchez, Estaminet among the Ruins, 1919.

Franklin Carmichael, The Upper Ottawa, near Mattawa, 1924.

Bill Vazan, Black Nest, 1989–91.

Louise Bourgeois, Maman, 1999.

Auguste Rodin, Age of Bronze, 1875–1876, cast in 1901. M. C. Escher, Stars, 1948. Barnett Newman, Voice of Fire, 1967.

Affiliations[edit]

Ottawa
Ottawa
portal

The Museum is affiliated with: CMA, Ontario
Ontario
Association of Art Galleries, CHIN, and Virtual Museum of Canada. References[edit]

^ The Canadian Encyclopedia ^ a b c National Gallery of Canada
Canada
– 1980 Archived 2010-09-19 at the Wayback Machine. ^ "Concordia university to award five honorary degrees at five ceremonies for 3300 graduating students". Concordia University. [permanent dead link] ^ "Mayer confirmed as gallery director" Archived 2008-12-15 at the Wayback Machine., The Globe and Mail, 8 December 2008. ^ a b Pound, Richard W. (2005). 'Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book
Book
of Canadian Facts and Dates'. Fitzhenry and Whiteside.  ^ Cook, Marcia (11 May 2000). "Cultural consequence". Ottawa
Ottawa
Citizen. Canwest. Archived from the original on 30 May 2010. Retrieved 2009-10-11.  ^ National Gallery of Canada: Contemporary Art Archived 2007-08-16 at the Wayback Machine. ^ National Gallery acquires rare Renaissance masterpiece by Salviati Archived 2007-07-14 at the Wayback Machine., 15 August 2005 ^ National Gallery of Canada
Canada
is latest major museum to welcome Louise Bourgeois' Maman Archived 2009-09-25 at the Wayback Machine., 9 May 2005 ^ National Gallery of Canada: Canadian & Aboriginal Art Archived 2007-08-18 at the Wayback Machine. ^ National Gallery of Canada: Past Exhibitions ^ National Gallery of Canada: Travelling Exhibitions

Further reading[edit]

Ord, Douglas (2003), The National Gallery of Canada: ideas, art, architecture, McGill-Queen's University Press, ISBN 0-7735-2509-2  Robert Fulford, "Turning the absurd into an art form: Canada's National Gallery has a history filled with bizarre decisions," National Post, 9 September 2003, http://www.robertfulford.com/2003-09-09-gallery.html

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 152365555 LCCN: n79043161 ISNI: 0000 0001 2186 9547 GND: 1003320-8 SELIBR: 238000 SUDOC: 139136371 BNF: cb118812155 (data) ULAN: 500309817 NLA: 3537

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