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The US National Center for Atmospheric Research
National Center for Atmospheric Research
(NCAR, /ˈɛnkɑːr/) [1] is a US federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) managed by the nonprofit University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) and funded by the National Science Foundation (NSF).[2] NCAR has multiple facilities, including the I. M. Pei-designed Mesa Laboratory
Mesa Laboratory
headquarters in Boulder, Colorado. Studies include meteorology, climate science, atmospheric chemistry, solar-terrestrial interactions, environmental and societal impacts.

Contents

1 Tools and technologies 2 Staffing areas and notable past and present scientists 3 Organization of research—laboratories and programs 4 Funding and management 5 NCAR Directors 6 Visiting

6.1 Scientific visitors 6.2 Public tours

7 References 8 External links

Tools and technologies[edit] NCAR provides a broad array of tools and technologies to the scientific community for studying Earth’s atmosphere, including,[3][4]

Specialized instruments to measure atmospheric processes Research aircraft High-performance computing and cyberinfrastructure, including supercomputers Mauna Loa Solar Observatory Cooperative field campaigns Atmospheric models of weather, chemical, solar, and climate processes, including cooperatively developed models such as:

Community Climate System Model (CCSM) Weather Research and Forecasting model
Weather Research and Forecasting model
(WRF) Whole Atmosphere Community Climate Model (WACCM)

Technology transfer to support societal needs Data sets, data services, and other resources NCAR Command Language (NCL), a programming language designed for use with climate and model data[5]

Staffing areas and notable past and present scientists[edit] The center is staffed by scientists, engineers, technicians, and support personnel.[2] Key research areas include [6]

Climate (Earth’s past, present, and future climate; the greenhouse effect, global warming, and climate change; El Niño, La Niña, and other large-scale atmospheric patterns; drought, wildfires) Meteorology/ Weather
Weather
(short-term forecasts; weather forecasting and predictability; weather's effect on climate; hurricanes, tornadoes, and other severe storms; physical processes) Environmental and societal impacts (impacts of climate change on the natural and managed environment; interactions of weather, climate, and society; weather hazard systems for aviation and ground transportation; national security) Pollution and air chemistry (air pollution on local, regional, and global scales; air chemistry and climate; chemical evolution and transport in the atmosphere) the Sun and space weather (the structure of the Sun, from its interior to sunspots to the solar corona; the solar cycle; the Sun’s effect on Earth’s weather and climate; space weather) Other components of the Earth system (the effects on weather and climate of interactions with: the oceans and other components of Earth's water cycle, including sea ice, glaciers, and the rest of the cryosphere; forests, agriculture, urbanization and other types of land use)

Notable scientists on the current staff at the center include Tom Wigley, Kevin Trenberth, and Caspar Ammann,[7][better source needed] and in past have included Paul Crutzen
Paul Crutzen
(Nobel Prize in chemistry, 1995); Paul Julian, who with colleague Roland Madden discovered the Madden–Julian oscillation; Stephen Schneider
Stephen Schneider
. Greg Holland initiated the multiscale modeling project "Predicting the Earth System Across Scales".[8] Organization of research—laboratories and programs[edit] NCAR is currently organized into seven laboratories and two programs:[9] Laboratories

Atmospheric Chemistry Observations and Modeling laboratory (ACOM) Climate and Global Dynamics laboratory (CGD) Computational & Information Systems Laboratory (CISL)—CISL was formerly known as the Scientific Computing Division (SCD). CISL manages and operates NCAR's supercomputers, mass storage system, networking, and other computing and cyberinfrastructure services. The Institute for Mathematics Applied to Geosciences (IMAGe) is a research division within CISL.[9] Earth Observing Laboratory (EOL)—EOL was formerly known as the Atmospheric Technology Division (ATD). EOL manages and operates NCAR's lower atmosphere observing systems, including ground-based instrumentation and two research aircraft, on behalf of the NSF. High Altitude Observatory (HAO)—The oldest part of NCAR, HAO is NCAR's solar-terrestrial physics laboratory. Research foci are the Sun and the Earth's upper atmosphere. HAO operates the Mauna Loa Solar Observatory (MLSO). Mesoscale and Microscale Meteorology
Meteorology
laboratory (MMM) Research Applications Laboratory (RAL)

Programs

Advanced Study Program (ASP) Integrated Science Program (ISP)

NCAR's service to the universities and larger geosciences community is reinforced by the offerings of UCAR's community programs.[10][11] Funding and management[edit] NCAR is managed by the nonprofit UCAR and is one of the NSF's Federally Funded Research and Development Centers, with approximately 95% of its funding coming from the federal government. However, it is not a federal agency and its employees are not part of the federal personnel system.[1] NCAR employs about 761 staff. Its annual expenditures in fiscal year 2015 were $167.8 million.[1][12] NCAR Directors[edit] The founding director of NCAR was Walter Orr Roberts.[13] The current director is James Hurrell.[2]

NCAR Director Dates in office

Walter Orr Roberts 1960–1968

John W. Firor 1968–1974

Francis P. Bretherton 1974–1980

Wilmot N. Hess 1980–1986

Richard A. Anthes 1986–1988

Robert Serafin 1989–2000

Timothy Killeen 2000–2008

Eric J. Barron 2008–2010

Roger M. Wakimoto 2010–2013

Maura Hagan 2013 (Interim Director)

James W. Hurrell 2013–

Visiting[edit] Scientific visitors[edit] NCAR has many opportunities for scientific visits to the facilities for workshops, colloquia, and collaboration by colleagues in academia, government labs, and the private sector.[14] Many NCAR staff also visit colleagues at universities and labs and serve as adjunct or visiting faculty.[11][14] Public tours[edit] The Visitor Center at the Mesa Laboratory
Mesa Laboratory
is open to the public daily at no charge. Guided tours and self-guided tablet tours include video and audio on one of the first supercomputers built by Seymour Cray
Seymour Cray
as well as NCAR's modern supercomputer fleet, many hands-on educational exhibits demonstrating weather phenomena and Earth's changing climate, and a scenic outdoor weather trail. References[edit]

^ a b c Quick Facts about NCAR & UCAR ^ a b c "New Director of the U.S. National Center for Atmospheric Research Rose Through the Ranks". July 31, 2013.  ^ NCAR Research & Resources ^ National Center for Atmospheric Research
National Center for Atmospheric Research
(NSF Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences) ^ "CISL's NCAR Command Language (NCL)". UCAR.  ^ Atmospheric & Earth System Research: NCAR research topics, 2008, accessed 2010-06-22. Archived 2010-07-25 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Pearce, Fred, The Climate Files: The Battle for the Truth about Global Warming, (2010) Guardian Books, ISBN 978-0-85265-229-9, p. XVIII. ^ M. Gad-el-Hak Large Scale Disasters Prediction Control and Mitigation" 2008 "was initiated by Greg Holland" ^ a b NCAR's Clickable Organization Chart ^ UCAR Community Programs ^ a b UCAR Highlights ^ https://ncar.ucar.edu/budget-and-planning/public NCAR Annual Report ^ NCAR Directors ^ a b Visitor Programs – Opportunities for Scientific Visitors & Students

External links[edit]

Official website Public tours & exhibits, at the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research High-end Computing at NCAR, at the Computational and Information Systems Laboratory NCAR Archives NCAR Research Data Archive (RDA) OpenSky Repository NCAR news in The New York Times

v t e

Atmospheric, oceanographic and climate models

Model types

Atmospheric model Climate model Numerical weather prediction Tropical cyclone forecast model Atmospheric dispersion modeling Chemical transport model Upper-atmospheric models Ensemble forecasting Model output statistics Meteorological reanalysis Parametrization

Specific models

Climate

IGCM HadCM3 HadGEM1 GFDL CM2.X CGCM CCSM CESM CFSv2 ECHAM MPAS

Global weather

IFS (ECMWF) FIM GEM / GDPS GFS NAEFS NAVGEM UM JMA-GSM GME / ICON ARPEGE

Regional and mesoscale atmospheric

NAM RR / RAP RAMS WRF RAQMS HIRLAM LAPS RPM

Regional and mesoscale oceanographic

HyCOM ROMS POM MOM FVCOM MITgcm FESOM

Atmospheric dispersion

ADMS AERMOD ATSTEP AUSTAL2000 CALPUFF DISPERSION21 ISC3 MEMO MERCURE NAME OSPM PUFF-PLUME RIMPUFF SAFE AIR

Chemical transport

CLaMS MOZART GEOS-Chem

Land surface parametrization

JULES CLASS ISBA

Discontinued

AVN / MRF / GSM Eta LFM MM5 NGM NOGAPS RUC

Mathematical model Statistical model Scientific modelling Computer simulation

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 153587690 LCCN: n79027210 ISNI: 0000 0001 2188 6304 GND: 1023532-2 SUDOC: 151087156 BNF: cb128777199 (data) NLA: 35020662

United States portal Atmospher

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