HOME
The Info List - National Board Of Review





The National Board of Review
National Board of Review
of Motion Pictures was founded in 1909 in New York City, 14 years after the birth of cinema, to protest New York City Mayor George B. McClellan
George B. McClellan
Jr.'s revocation of moving-picture exhibition licenses on Christmas Eve 1908. The mayor (son of Civil War general George B. McClellan) believed that the new medium degraded the morals of the community. To assert their constitutional freedom of expression, theatre owners led by Marcus Loew
Marcus Loew
and film distributors (Edison, Biograph, Pathé
Pathé
and Gaumont) joined John Collier of the People's Institute
People's Institute
at Cooper Union
Cooper Union
and established the New York Board of Motion Picture Censorship, which soon changed its name to the National Board of Review
National Board of Review
of Motion Pictures to avoid the word "censorship". Its stated purpose was to endorse films of merit and champion the new "art of the people", which was transforming America's cultural life. In an effort to avoid government censorship of films, the National Board became the unofficial clearinghouse for new movies. From 1916 into the 1950s thousands of motion pictures carried the legend "Passed by the National Board of Review" in their main titles. The board was a de facto censorship organization. Producers submitted their films to the board before making release prints; they agreed to cut any footage that the board found objectionable, up to and including destroying the entire film.[1] In 1930, the NBR was the first group to choose the 10 best English-language movies of the year and the best foreign films, and is still the first critical body to announce its annual awards. The NBR has also gained international acclaim for its publications: Film Program (1917–1926); Exceptional Photoplays (1920–1925); Photoplay Guide to Better Movies (1924–1926); National Board of Review Magazine (1926–1942); New Movies (1942–1949); and Films in Review, which published its first issue in 1950. Influencing generations of filmmakers and film lovers, these journals have fostered commentary on all aspects of cinema production and history, and contributors have included Alfred Hitchcock, Fritz Lang, Harold Robbins, Tennessee Williams, Dore Schary, William Saroyan, James Agee, Manny Farber, William K. Everson, Alistair Cooke, and Pearl Buck. To determine the NBR's annual awards, ballots are sent in by over 100 members – select knowledgeable film enthusiasts, academics, and filmmakers in the New York metropolitan area – and subsequently tabulated by a certified public accountancy firm in order to decide the winners. In addition, the awards jury helps to determine the special achievement awards presented at the annual gala in January. The organization also works to foster commentary on all aspects of film production by underwriting educational film programs and seminars for film students. In 2017, the NBR provided grants to The Reel Works Teen Filmmaking, The Ghetto Film School, and The Educational Video Center. The organization also awarded grants to 13 student filmmakers as part of its annual student grant program.

Contents

1 Films in Review 2 Award categories 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Films in Review[edit] The boards's official magazine had existed in several forms and different names since its inception. In 1950, the magazine changed its name from Screen Magazine and launched the first issue as Films in Review on February 1, 1950.[2] Award categories[edit]

Best Film + Top 10 Films Best Director Best Actor Best Actress Best Supporting Actor Best Supporting Actress Best Acting by an Ensemble Best Adapted Screenplay Best Original Screenplay Breakthrough Performance Best Foreign Language Film Best Animated Film Best Documentary Film Best Animated Feature Best Directorial Debut Top 10 Independent Films Top Five Documentaries Top Five Foreign-Language Films NBR Freedom of Expression William K. Everson Film History Award Spotlight Award Special
Special
Filmmaking Achievement Career Achievements in Production: Cinematography, Music, FX Special
Special
Achievement in Producing Best Juvenile Performance [3] Best Family Film

Note: Until 1945, there were only awards for Best Picture and intermittent awards for Best Documentary and Best Foreign Film.[citation needed] See also[edit]

Motion Picture Production Code

References[edit]

^ Robert Sklar, Movie-Made America: A Cultural History of American Movies. New York: Vintage, 1975 (1994 edition), p. 31 ^ "SCREEN MAGAZINE BOWS; Films in Review, Published by National Board, Out Today". The New York Times. 1 February 1950. Retrieved 16 February 2010.  ^ 1987 National Board of Review
National Board of Review
Best Juvenile Performance Empire of the Sun Chistain Bale

External links[edit]

Official website

v t e

National Board of Review

Current awards

Actor Actress Breakthrough Performance Animated Film Cast (Acting Ensemble) Director Film (Top 10 Films) Foreign Language Film Supporting Actor Supporting Actress Documentary Film Screenplay – Adapted Screenplay – Original

Film year

1929 1930 1931 1932 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

v t e

American Film Critic Associations

National

Broadcast Film Critics Association National Board of Review National Society of Film Critics

Northeast

Boston Society of Film Critics New York Film Critics Circle New York Film Critics Online Washington D.C. Area Film Critics Association

Midwest

Chicago Film Critics Association Detroit Film Critics Society St. Louis Film Critics Association

South

Austin Film Critics Association Dallas–Fort Worth Film Critics Association Florida Film Critics Circle Georgia Film Critics Association Houston Film Critics Society

West

Los Angeles Film Critics Association San Diego Film Critics Society San Francisco Film Critics Circle Seattle Film Cri

.