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The National Assembly for Wales
Wales
(Welsh: Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru; commonly known as the Welsh Assembly) is a devolved parliament with power to make legislation in Wales. The Assembly comprises 60 members, who are known as Assembly Members, or AMs (Aelodau y Cynulliad). Since 2011, Members are elected for five-year terms under an additional members system, in which 40 AMs represent geographical constituencies elected by the plurality system, and 20 AMs represent five electoral regions using the d'Hondt method of proportional representation. The Assembly was created by the Government of Wales
Wales
Act 1998, which followed a referendum in 1997. The Assembly had no powers to initiate primary legislation until limited law-making powers were gained through the Government of Wales
Wales
Act 2006. Its primary law-making powers were enhanced following a Yes vote in the referendum on 3 March 2011, making it possible for it to legislate without having to consult the UK parliament or the Secretary of State for Wales
Wales
in the 20 areas that are devolved.[4] It has been proposed by the Assembly Commission
Assembly Commission
that name of the Assembly should change from the National Assembly for Wales
Wales
to the Welsh Parliament, ( Senedd
Senedd
Cymru), before the end of the current Assembly in May 2021.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Road to the Assembly 1.2 Enhanced powers: The Government of Wales
Wales
Act 2006 1.3 Reserved powers model: The Wales
Wales
Act 2017

2 Buildings

2.1 Senedd 2.2 Tŷ Hywel
Tŷ Hywel
and Pierhead Building 2.3 North Wales
Wales
Office

3 Elected officials 4 Permanent officials 5 Powers and status

5.1 Devolved areas

6 Members, constituencies, and electoral system 7 Proposed name change 8 Elections 9 Current composition

9.1 Government formation 9.2 Changes since the election

10 See also 11 Notes 12 References 13 External links

History[edit] Road to the Assembly[edit] An appointed Council for Wales
Wales
and Monmouthshire was established in 1949 to "ensure the government is adequately informed of the impact of government activities on the general life of the people of Wales". The council had 27 members nominated by local authorities in Wales, the University of Wales, National Eisteddfod Council and the Welsh Tourist Board. A post of Minister of Welsh Affairs was created in 1951 and the post of Secretary of State for Wales
Wales
and the Welsh Office
Welsh Office
were established in 1964 leading to the abolition of the Council for Wales. The establishment of the Welsh Office
Welsh Office
effectively created the basis for the territorial governance of Wales.[5] The Royal Commission on the Constitution (the Kilbrandon Commission) was set up in 1969 by Harold Wilson's Labour Government to investigate the possibility of devolution for Scotland
Scotland
and Wales.[6] Its recommendations formed the basis of the 1974 White Paper Democracy and Devolution: proposals for Scotland
Scotland
and Wales,[6] which proposed the creation of a Welsh Assembly. However, voters rejected the proposals by a majority of four to one in a referendum held in 1979.[6][7]

Wales

This article is part of a series on the politics and government of Wales

Government

First Minister

Carwyn Jones
Carwyn Jones
AM

Cabinet

8th ministry

Counsel General

Theodore Huckle QC

Home Civil Service

Directorates Sponsored bodies

Local government

National Assembly

Presiding Officer

Elin Jones
Elin Jones
AM

Acts Statutory Instruments

Leader of the Opposition

Leanne Wood
Leanne Wood
AM

Shadow Cabinet Members (AMs) Elections

Constituencies and electoral regions

Law and justice

Supreme Court (UK) Courts of England
England
and Wales President of Welsh Tribunals

Welsh law English law

Wales
Wales
in the UK

HM Government

Wales
Wales
Office

Secretary of State Alun Cairns
Alun Cairns
MP

UK Parliament

Grand Committee Select Committee

Government of Wales
Wales
Act 2006

Elections

Constituencies Current Westminster MPs

Wales
Wales
in the EU

European Parliament
European Parliament
elections

Constituency

Administrative divisions

Preserved counties Principal areas Communities Local government

Other countries Atlas

v t e

After the 1997 general election, the new Labour Government argued that an Assembly would be more democratically accountable than the Welsh Office. For eleven years prior to 1997 Wales
Wales
had been represented in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
by a Secretary of State who did not represent a Welsh constituency at Westminster.[8] A second referendum was held on 18 September 1997 in which voters approved the creation of the National Assembly for Wales
Wales
with a total of 559,419 votes, or 50.3% of the vote.[9] The following year the Government of Wales
Wales
Act was passed by the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
parliament, establishing the Assembly. In July 2002, the Welsh Government
Welsh Government
established an independent commission, with Lord Richard (former leader of the House of Lords) as chair, to review the powers and electoral arrangements of the National Assembly to ensure that it is able to operate in the best interests of the people of Wales.[10] The Richard Commission reported in March 2004. It recommended that the National Assembly should have powers to legislate in certain areas, whilst others would remain the preserve of Westminster.[10] It also recommended changing the electoral system to the single transferable vote (STV) which would produce greater proportionality.[10] In response, the British government, in its Better Governance for Wales
Wales
White Paper, published on 15 June 2005, proposed a more permissive law-making system for the Welsh Assembly based on the use of Parliamentary Orders in Council.[11][12] In so doing, the Government rejected many of the cross party Richard Commission's recommendations. This has attracted criticism from opposition parties and others.[citation needed] Enhanced powers: The Government of Wales
Wales
Act 2006[edit] Main article: Government of Wales
Wales
Act 2006 The Government of Wales
Wales
Act 2006 received Royal Assent
Royal Assent
on 25 July 2006. It conferred on the Assembly legislative powers similar to other devolved legislatures through the ability to pass Assembly Measures concerning matters that are devolved. Requests for further legislative powers made through legislative competence requests were subject to the veto of the Secretary of State for Wales, House of Commons or House of Lords. The Act reformed the assembly to a parliamentary-type structure, establishing the Welsh Government
Welsh Government
as an entity separate from, but accountable to the National Assembly. It enables the Assembly to legislate within its devolved fields. The Act also reforms the Assembly's electoral system. It prevents individuals from standing as candidates in both constituency and regional seats. This aspect of the act was subject to a great deal of criticism, most notably from the Electoral Commission. The Act was heavily criticised. Plaid Cymru, the Official Opposition in the National Assembly from 1999–2007, attacked it for not delivering a fully-fledged parliament. Many commentators have also criticised the Labour Party's allegedly partisan attempt to alter the electoral system. By preventing regional Assembly Members from standing in constituency seats the party has been accused of changing the rules to protect constituency representatives. Labour had 29 members in the Assembly at the time, all of whom held constituency seats. The changes to the Assembly's powers were commenced on 4 May 2007, after the election.[13] Following a referendum on 3 March 2011, the Welsh Assembly gained direct law making powers, without the need to consult Westminster. Reserved powers model: The Wales
Wales
Act 2017[edit] The Conservative-Liberal coalition government created the Commission on Devolution
Devolution
in Wales
Wales
(also known as Silk Commission), composed of 4 members of the Welsh Assembly and several leading legal and political experts, to "create a lasting devolution settlement for Wales". Following the first set of recommendations by the Commission, the UK government announced in November 2013 that some borrowing powers are to be devolved to the Assembly along with control of landfill tax and stamp duty. Additionally the Wales
Wales
Act 2014 provides for a referendum to be held on the Assembly's ability to set a degree of income tax,[14] though there is a proposal for the requirement for a referendum to be removed. Both the UK and Welsh governments supports the Silk Commission (Part 2) proposal to move to a "reserved powers" model of devolution (similar to that of the Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
and Northern Ireland Assembly) where the UK government would have specific "reserved" powers and the Welsh Assembly would have control of all other matters.[15][16] This would replace the current model where certain powers are "conferred" and all others are assumed to be powers of the UK national government. The Wales
Wales
Act 2017, based on the second set of recommendations of the Silk Commission, proposed devolving further areas of government, including some relating to water, marine affairs (ports, harbours, conservation), energy (subsidies, petroleum extraction, construction of smaller energy-generating facilities, etc.), rail franchising and road travel.[17] Following a public consultation, under powers granted by the Wales
Wales
Act 2017, the Assembly is expected to rename itself the Welsh Parliament, (Welsh: Senedd
Senedd
Cymru), prior to the next Welsh Assembly Election in 2021.[18][19] It is expected that members of the renamed body will be known as Welsh Parliament Members (WPMs), or Aelodau Senedd
Senedd
Cymru (ASCau) in Welsh. [20] Buildings[edit] Senedd[edit]

The Senedd, home to the National Assembly for Wales

Main article: Senedd See also: Senedd
Senedd
on television The debating chamber in Cardiff
Cardiff
Bay, the Senedd
Senedd
(Senate), was designed by the Richard Rogers Partnership, and built by Taylor Woodrow, with environmental and MEP[clarification needed] design by BDSP Partnership. It uses traditional Welsh materials, such as slate and Welsh oak, in its construction, and the design is based around the concepts of openness and transparency. The timber ceiling and centre funnel, manufactured and installed by BCL Timber Projects (sub-contracted by Taylor Woodrow) is made from Canadian sourced Western Red Cedar. The Senedd
Senedd
houses the debating chamber (Welsh: Siambr) and Committee Rooms. It was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II on St David's Day, 1 March 2006.[21] The Senedd
Senedd
is designed to be environmentally friendly: it uses an Earth Heat Exchange system for heating; rainwater is collected from the roof and used for flushing toilets and cleaning windows, and the roof features a wind cowl which funnels natural light and air into the debating chamber below.[22] Tŷ Hywel
Tŷ Hywel
and Pierhead Building[edit]

The National Assembly estate in Cardiff
Cardiff
Bay

Tŷ Hywel

The Pierhead Building

Main articles: Tŷ Hywel
Tŷ Hywel
and Pierhead Building The debating chamber was initially based in Tŷ Hywel, next to the site of the present building. The offices of Assembly Members are still in this building which is connected to the Senedd
Senedd
by a skyway. The National Assembly for Wales
Wales
Commission is also responsible for the Pierhead Building, which is the location of "The Assembly at the Pierhead" exhibition, and is the Visitor and Education Centre for the National Assembly for Wales
Wales
as well as housing a small giftshop. The exhibition (currently still in the process of being updated following May's election) provides visitors with a unique opportunity to access the most up-to-date information on who's who, what's happening and how the Assembly works. North Wales
Wales
Office[edit]

National Assembly building in Colwyn Bay

The North Wales
Wales
Information Centre is located in Prince's Park on Prince's Drive, Colwyn Bay. The office is open to the public to access information about the Welsh Assembly. Elected officials[edit] Main article: Presiding Officer of the National Assembly for Wales After each election, the Assembly elects one Assembly Member to serve as Presiding Officer (Welsh: Llywydd), and another to serve as a deputy. Elin Jones, Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
AM, has been Presiding Officer since the beginning of the 2016 term, having taken over from Rosemary Butler. The Presiding Officer also acts as Chair of the National Assembly for Wales
Wales
Commission. Both the Presiding Officer and the Deputy Presiding Officer are expected not to vote. Permanent officials[edit] The permanent administrative and support staff of the Welsh Assembly are employed by the Assembly Commission. They are not civil servants, although they enjoy similar terms and conditions of service to members of the UK Civil Service. Powers and status[edit] See also: Welsh devolution referendum, 2011

The Royal Badge of Wales
Wales
appears on Assembly Acts[23]

The National Assembly consists of 60 elected members. They use the title Assembly Member (AM) or Aelod y Cynulliad (AC).[24] The executive arm of the National Assembly for Wales, the Welsh Government, has been a Labour administration since its inception in 1999. Currently it is led by First Minister, Carwyn Jones, since May 2011.[25] The previous administration (then known as the Welsh Assembly Government), had been a coalition between Labour, led by First Minister Carwyn Jones, and Plaid Cymru, led by Deputy First Minister Ieuan Wyn Jones, from December 2009 until May 2011.[26][27] The executive and civil servants are mainly based in Cardiff's Cathays Park while the Assembly Members, the Assembly Commission
Assembly Commission
and Ministerial support staff are based in Cardiff
Cardiff
Bay, where a new £67 million Assembly Building, known as the Senedd, has been built.[28][29][30] One important feature of the National Assembly until 2007 was that there was no legal or constitutional separation of the legislative and executive functions, since it was a single corporate entity. Compared with other parliamentary systems, and arrangements for devolution in other countries of the UK, this was unusual. In practice, however, there was separation of functions, and the terms "Assembly" and "Assembly Parliamentary Service" came into use to distinguish between the two arms. The Government of Wales
Wales
Act 2006 regularised the separation when it came into effect following the 2007 Assembly Election. Initially, the Assembly did not have primary legislative or fiscal powers, as these powers were reserved by Westminster. The Assembly did have powers to pass secondary legislation in devolved areas. Sometimes secondary legislation could be used to amend primary legislation, but the scope of this was very limited. For example, the first Government of Wales
Wales
Act gave the Assembly power to amend primary legislation relating to the merger of certain public bodies. However, most secondary powers were conferred on the executive by primary legislation to give the executive (i.e. Ministers) more powers, and the Assembly has had wider legislative powers than appearances might suggest. For example, the Assembly delayed local elections due to be held in 2003 for a year by use of secondary powers, so that they would not clash with Assembly elections. In 2001 the UK parliament used primary legislation to delay for one month local elections in England during the Foot and Mouth Disease
Foot and Mouth Disease
epidemic. The Assembly gained limited primary legislative powers following the 2007 election and the passage of the Government of Wales
Wales
Act 2006. These laws are known as Assembly Measures and can be enacted in specific fields and matters within the legislative competency of the Assembly. New matters and fields can be devolved by Acts of the UK Parliament or by LCOs approved by Parliament. While in principle the Assembly has no tax-varying powers, it can influence the rate of Council Tax
Council Tax
set by local authorities, which are part-funded by a grant from the Welsh government.[31] It also has some discretion over charges for government services. Notable examples in which this discretion has been used to create significant differences from other areas in the UK are:

Charges for NHS prescriptions in Wales
Wales
– these have now been abolished.[32] Charges for University Tuition – are different for Welsh resident students studying at Welsh Universities, compared with students from or studying elsewhere in the UK.[33] Charging for Residential Care – In Wales
Wales
there is a flat rate of contribution towards the cost of nursing care (roughly comparable to the highest level of English Contribution) for those who require residential care.[34]

This means in reality that there is a wider definition of "nursing care" than in England
England
and therefore less dependence on means testing in Wales
Wales
than in England, so that more people are entitled to higher levels of state assistance. These variations in the levels of charges may be viewed as de facto tax varying powers. This model of more limited legislative powers was partly because Wales has had the same legal system as England
England
since 1536, when it was merged with England. Ireland and Scotland
Scotland
were never merged with England, and so always retained some differences in their legal systems. The Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
and the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly both have deeper and wider powers. The Assembly inherited the powers and budget of the Secretary of State for Wales
Wales
and most of the functions of the Welsh Office. It has power to vary laws passed by Westminster using secondary legislation. Alun Cairns, who represents the Vale of Glamorgan constituency in the Westminster Parliament, is currently the Secretary of State for Wales. Following a referendum on 4 March 2011, the Welsh Assembly gained direct law-making powers (without the need to consult Westminster). On 3 July 2012, the Welsh Assembly passed its first Act, the Local Government Byelaws (Wales) Act.[35] Devolved areas[edit] The National Assembly for Wales
Wales
has the competence to pass bills for Acts of the Assembly in 20 "Subjects" outlined in schedule 7 of the Government of Wales
Wales
Act 2006.[36] Those subjects are:

Agriculture, fisheries, forestry and rural development Ancient monuments and historic buildings Culture Economic development Education and training Environment Fire and rescue services and promotion of fire safety Food Health and health services Highways and transport Housing Local government Public administration Social welfare Sport and recreation Tourism Town and country planning Water and flood defence Welsh language

Members, constituencies, and electoral system[edit] Under mixed-member proportional representation, a type of Additional Member System,[37][38] forty of the AMs are elected from single-member constituencies on a plurality voting system (or first past the post) basis, the constituencies being equivalent to those used for the House of Commons and twenty AMs are elected from regional closed lists using an alternative party vote.[39] There are five regions: Mid and West Wales, North Wales, South Wales
Wales
Central, South Wales
Wales
East and South Wales
Wales
West (these are the same as the pre 1999 European Parliament constituencies for Wales), each of which returns four members.[39] The additional members produce a degree of proportionality within each region.[39] Whereas voters can choose any regional party list irrespective of their party vote in the constituency election, list AMs are not elected independently of the constituency element; rather, elected constituency AMs are deemed to be pre-elected list representatives for the purposes of calculating remainders in the d'Hondt method.[39] Overall proportionality is limited by the low proportion of list members (33% of the Assembly compared with 43% in the Scottish Parliament
Scottish Parliament
and 50% in the German Bundestag) and the regionalisation of the list element.[40] Consequently, the Assembly as a whole has a greater degree of proportionality (based on proportions in the list elections) than the plurality voting system used for British parliamentary elections, but still deviates somewhat from proportionality.[40] The single transferable vote system had been considered for the Assembly by the Labour Party as early as 1995–96, but according to the evidence given to the Richard Commission by Ron Davies, a former Welsh Secretary,

Had we done that of course we would have had to have had a Boundary Commission and that process would have taken forever and a day and that would have frustrated our overall political timetable. So we had to settle on the existing constituency arrangements, parliamentary constituencies and European Constituencies.[40]

Proposed name change[edit] In a written statement by Elin Jones
Elin Jones
AM, the Chair of the Assembly Commission, entitled "Assembly Reform Programme" she confirmed in July 2016 that the Welsh Assembly had agreed unanimously to change the name of the Assembly from the National Assembly for Wales
Wales
to the Welsh Parliament (in Welsh: Senedd
Senedd
Cymru). The change should be legislated for before the end of the current Assembly in May 2021.[41] Elections[edit] There have been five elections to the Assembly, in 1999, 2003, 2007, 2011 and 2016. The 2016 election was delayed from 2015 as the UK general election was held in 2015.[42][43]

e • d Welsh Assembly election, 2016

Parties Additional member system Total seats

Constituency Region

Votes % +/− Seats +/− Votes % +/− Seats +/− Total +/− %

Labour 353,866 34.7 −7.6 27 −1 319,196 31.5 −5.4 2 0 29 −1 48.3

Plaid Cymru 209,376 20.5 +1.3 6 +1 211,548 20.8 +3.0 6 0 12 +1 20.0

Conservative 215,597 21.1 −3.9 6 0 190,846 18.8 −3.7 5 −3 11 -3 18.3

UKIP 127,038 12.5 +12.5 0 0 132,138 13.0 +8.5 7 +7 7 +7 11.7

Liberal Democrats 78,165 7.7 −2.9 1 0 65,504 6.5 −1.6 0 −4 1 -4 1.7

Green 25,202 2.5 +2.3 0 0 30,211 3.0 −0.5 0 0 0 0 0.0

Independent 7,032 0.7 −0.6 0 0 1,577 0.2 0 0 0 0 0 0.0

Abolish the Welsh Assembly Party

44,286 4.4 N/A 0 0 0 0 0.0

Monster Raving Loony

5,743 0.6 +0.4 0 0 0 0 0.0

Trade Unionists and Socialists Against Cuts

2,040 0.2 +0.0 0 0 0 0 0.0

Welsh Communist Party

2,452 0.2 +0.0 0 0 0 0 0.0

Others 3,107 0.3 −1.1 0 0 9,202 0.9 −5.0 0 0 0 0 0.0

Current composition[edit]

Party At 2016 election Current

Labour 29 29

Conservative 11 12

Plaid Cymru 12 10

UK Independence Party 7 5

Liberal Democrats 1 1

Independent 0 3[a]

Seats needed for one-party majority 2 2

Government majority[notes 1] 0 2

^ This calculation consists of Labour, the Lib Dems, and from December 2016, Lord Elis-Thomas, less all other parties.

Government formation[edit] Following the elections in May 2016, the composition of the Assembly changed in the most dramatic fashion since the beginning of the Assembly. Labour dropped from 30 to 29 seats, and Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
moved from 11 to 12 seats. The Conservatives lost 3 seats, moving from 14 seats to 11, while the Liberal Democrats dropped from 5 seats to just one. UKIP, who had not previously had representation, gained seven AMs. Following an initial vote in the Siambr on the First Minister, in which Plaid Cymru's Leanne Wood
Leanne Wood
and Labour's Carwyn Jones
Carwyn Jones
both gained 29 votes from AMs each, a week of talks were held. A document was produced after Plaid Cymru–Labour talks entitled "Moving Wales Forward", which detailed policy concessions in exchange for allowing Carwyn Jones
Carwyn Jones
to become First Minister. Labour appointed Kirsty Williams as Education Secretary, meaning that the minority government was a coalition between Welsh Labour
Welsh Labour
and the Welsh Liberal Democrats. Plaid Cymru, the Conservatives and UKIP formed opposition groups. Changes since the election[edit] After 4 months in the assembly, North Wales
Wales
AM Nathan Gill
Nathan Gill
left the UKIP group to sit as an independent, citing much infighting and distractions.[44] He remained a member of the party and its leader in Wales, until Neil Hamilton was made Wales
Wales
leader in September 2016.[45] Dafydd Elis-Thomas
Dafydd Elis-Thomas
quit the Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
group on 14 October 2016. As a result of the defection, Leanne Wood
Leanne Wood
lost the title of leader of the opposition. Two months later, he pledged to back the Welsh Labour-led Government, giving the new government an overall majority in the Welsh Assembly.[46][47] Neil McEvoy
Neil McEvoy
was suspended by the Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
group after tribunal found his guilty of bullying in his other role as a councillor for Cardiff. He was later expelled from the Plaid Cymru.[48] Mark Reckless
Mark Reckless
quit the UKIP group in April 2017. He will now sit as a Conservative AM, but without being an official member of the Conservative Party.[49] Carl Sargeant
Carl Sargeant
was suspended from Welsh Labour
Welsh Labour
following allegations about his personal conduct. On 7 November 2017, he was found dead.[50] A by-election was be held in his former constituency of Alyn and Deeside on 6 February 2018 to choose a successor, which was won by the Labour candidate, his son, Jack.[51] This increased the overall majority of the Government group in the Welsh Assembly to 2. On the 27 December 2017 it was announced that Nathan Gill
Nathan Gill
had resigned as an AM.[52] As 3rd on UKIP's list for the North Wales
Wales
region, Mandy Jones was sworn in as an Assembly Member on the 29 December 2017.[53] On 9 January UKIP Wales
Wales
announced that she would not be joining the UKIP group in the Assembly, due to employing members of other parties in her office.[54] See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Assembly for Wales.

Contemporary Welsh Law
Contemporary Welsh Law
(Assembly Acts) List of Welsh Assembly by-elections London Assembly Member of the National Assembly for Wales National Assembly for Wales
Wales
constituencies and electoral regions Members elected to the National Assembly for Wales National Assembly for Wales
Wales
election, 1999 National Assembly for Wales
Wales
election, 2003 National Assembly for Wales
Wales
election, 2007 National Assembly for Wales
Wales
election, 2011 National Assembly for Wales
Wales
election, 2016 Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Assembly Scottish Parliament Parliament of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
United Kingdom
budget Wales-only laws

Notes[edit]

^ a b The two independent opposition members are Neil McEvoy
Neil McEvoy
and Mandy Jones. McEvoy was expelled from the Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
group and is classed as an independent. Jones is a former member of UKIP but has since withdrawn from the UKIP group. Mark Reckless
Mark Reckless
works with the Conservative group, and is classed as a member of the group by the Assembly, although he is not a member of the Conservative Party.

References[edit]

^ . 3 November 2017 http://gov.wales/about/cabinet/ministers/?lang=en – via www.gov.wales.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ a b "Siambr Seating Plan".  ^ Shipton, Martin (16 January 2018). " Neil McEvoy
Neil McEvoy
expelled from Plaid Cymru Assembly group".  ^ " Wales
Wales
says Yes in referendum vote". BBC News. 4 March 2011.  ^ The road to the Welsh Assembly from BBC Wales
Wales
History website. Retrieved 23 August 2006. ^ a b c Devolution
Devolution
in the UK: Department for Constitutional Affairs. UK State website. Retrieved 9 July 2005. ^ The 1979 Referendums: BBC website. Retrieved 9 July 2006. ^ Evidence to Richards Commission Archived 28 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. of Cllr Russell Goodway. 10 July 2003. Retrieved 9 July 2006. ^ Politics 97 by Joshua Rozenberg: BBC website. Retrieved 9 July 2006. ^ a b c The Richard Commission. Archived Richard Commission Website, includes copy of Commission report. Archived 10 April 2010. ^ Better Governance for Wales
Wales
White Paper, Archived February 2006. Presented to Parliament by the Secretary of State for Wales
Wales
in June 2005. Downloadable PDF. Retrieved 9 December 2005. ^ Electoral Reform for Wales
Wales
Archived 8 December 2004 at the Wayback Machine.. Electoral Reform Society response to rejection of Richard Commission recommendations. Retrieved 9 December 2005. ^ Assembly powers bill becomes law: BBC News. 25 July 2006. Retrieved 15 September 2006. ^ " Wales
Wales
offered tax raising powers". BBC News. 1 November 2013.  ^ Wales
Wales
Office (UK Government). "Government Response to the Welsh Affairs Committee Report on Pre-legislation Scrutiny of the Wales Bill" (PDF).  ^ Welsh Government. "Draft Government and Laws Bill in Wales".  ^ " Wales
Wales
Bill 2016" (PDF).  ^ "Welsh Assembly should change its name, agree AMs". BBC News. 2016-07-05. Retrieved 2017-06-13.  ^ "Assembly set to be renamed Welsh Parliament". BBC News. 2017-06-13. Retrieved 2017-06-13.  ^ "Name Change Consultation".  ^ The New National Assembly for Wales
Wales
Senedd
Senedd
opened on St David’s Day Archived 11 March 2007 at the Wayback Machine. National Assembly for Wales, Public Information page. Retrieved 4 May 2006 ^ " National Assembly for Wales
Wales
– the Senedd, Cardiff
Cardiff
Bay, docks and Tiger Bay, Cardiff, south Wales". Urban75.org. Retrieved 21 May 2011.  ^ "First Welsh law's royal approval". BBC News. 9 July 2008. Retrieved 21 May 2011.  ^ The National Assembly for Wales[permanent dead link], Civil rights – In Wales, Advice guide, Citizens Advice Bureau. Retrieved 13 July 2006. ^ " Carwyn Jones
Carwyn Jones
unveils three new faces in Welsh cabinet". BBC News website. BBC. 13 May 2011. Retrieved 14 May 2011.  ^ "Welsh Assembly Government – Cabinet Members". Welsh Assembly Government website. Welsh Assembly Government. 2007. Retrieved 16 April 2009.  ^ "Crucial extracts from the One Wales
Wales
Labour/ Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
coalition document". Martin Shipton, Western Mail. WalesOnline. 28 June 2007. Retrieved 16 April 2009.  ^ National Assembly for Wales
Wales
and Welsh Assembly in Guide to government: Devolved and local government, Direct.gov.uk, UK state website. Retrieved 13 July 2006. ^ Assembly Building: Welsh Assembly website. Retrieved 13 July 2006. ^ New assembly building opens doors: BBC News, 1 March 2006. Retrieved 13 July 2006. ^ "Tories call for Welsh government to freeze council tax". BBC News. 3 October 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2012.  ^ Q and A: Welsh prescription prices: BBC News, 1 October 2004. Retrieved 31 July 2006. ^ Q&A: Welsh top-up fees: BBC News, 22 June 2005. Retrieved 31 July 2006. ^ "NHS Continuing Care – Commons Health Select Committee" Archived 25 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine., News and Views – NHFA. Retrieved 10 November 2006. ^ AMs applaud as Assembly passes first Bill... on byelaws. Wales Online (3 July 2012). Retrieved on 24 August 2013. ^ "Government of Wales
Wales
Act 2006". Legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 21 May 2011.  ^ "Mixed-Member Proportional Voting" in Proportional representation voting systems, Types of Voting Systems: PR Library created by Professor Douglas J. Amy, Department of Politics, Mount Holyoke College. Retrieved 8 July 2006. ^ Electing the Welsh Assembly Archived 23 March 2005 at the Wayback Machine.: Electoral Reform Society, information regarding Additional member system elections. Retrieved 9 December 2005. ^ a b c d The Welsh electoral system: BBC News, 7 June 1999. Retrieved 7 July 2006. ^ a b c Chapter 12: "The Electoral Arrangements" of the Report of the Richard Commission: Commission on the Powers and Electoral Arrangements of the National Assembly for Wales. PDF document. Retrieved 8 July 2006. ^ "Assembly Reform Programme" (pdf). Assembly Commission. Retrieved 2018-01-31.  ^ "2015 Welsh assembly election delayed, says Carwyn Jones". BBC Online. 16 March 2011. Retrieved 16 March 2011.  ^ Fixed-term Parliaments Act 2011 section 5 ^ "UKIP MEP Nathan Gill
Nathan Gill
told to quit as successor is 'ready'". BBC News. 29 July 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2016.  ^ " Nathan Gill
Nathan Gill
leaves UKIP assembly group to sit as independent". BBC News. 17 August 2016. Retrieved 28 October 2016.  ^ " Plaid Cymru
Plaid Cymru
AM Lord Dafydd Elis-Thomas
Dafydd Elis-Thomas
quits party". BBC News Online. 14 October 2016. Retrieved 22 October 2016.  ^ "Elis-Thomas pledges to back Labour Welsh Government".  ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-wales-politics-43457417 ^ Walker, Peter; Mason, Rowena (6 April 2017). " Mark Reckless
Mark Reckless
quits Ukip to join Conservative group in Welsh assembly". the Guardian.  ^ Shipton, Martin (7 November 2017). "Former Welsh Govt Minister Carl Sargeant has been found dead". Wales
Wales
Online.  ^ Proctor, Kate (7 February 2018). "Jack Sargeant follows his father into Welsh Assembly after by-election win". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 9 March 2018.  ^ " Nathan Gill
Nathan Gill
resigns from assembly". 27 December 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk.  ^ "New UKIP AM Mandy Jones sworn in". 29 December 2017 – via www.bbc.com.  ^ "UKIP Wales
Wales
say New North Wales
Wales
Regional AM 'will not be joining UKIP group'". 9 January 2018. 

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Act 1978 Scottish Office Sunningdale Agreement Wales
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Act 1978 Welsh Office

1. Rejected referendums are italicised. The others were fully or partially approved. 2. There is no law-making body for any regionally devolved area. 3. Administrations of regionally devolved areas are omitted. Category

Coordinates: 51°27′55″N 3°09′37″W / 51.46528°N 3.16028°W /

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