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The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
(NGA) is both a combat support agency under the United States Department of Defense
United States Department of Defense
and an intelligence agency of the United States Intelligence Community,[7] with the primary mission of collecting, analyzing, and distributing geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) in support of national security. NGA was known as the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) until 2003. NGA headquarters, also known as NGA Campus East, is located at Fort Belvoir in Springfield, Virginia. The agency also operates major facilities in the St. Louis, Missouri
St. Louis, Missouri
area, as well as support and liaison offices worldwide. The NGA headquarters, at 2.3 million square feet (214,000 m2), is the third-largest government building in the Washington metropolitan area
Washington metropolitan area
after The Pentagon
The Pentagon
and the Ronald Reagan Building.[8] In addition to using GEOINT
GEOINT
for U.S. military and intelligence efforts, the NGA provides assistance during natural and man-made disasters, and security planning for major events such as the Olympic Games.[9]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Engineer Reproduction Plant (ERP) 1.2 Army Map Service
Army Map Service
(AMS) / U.S. Army
U.S. Army
Topographic Command (USATC) 1.3 Aeronautical Chart Plant (ACP) 1.4 National Photographic Interpretation Center
National Photographic Interpretation Center
(NPIC)

1.4.1 Cuban Missile Crisis

1.5 Directors of NPIC 1.6 Defense Mapping Agency
Defense Mapping Agency
(DMA) 1.7 National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) 1.8 NGA

2 Organization

2.1 Employees 2.2 NIMA / NGA Directors

3 Civilian, Department of Defense, and Intelligence Community activities 4 Controversies 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links

History[edit] U.S. mapping and charting efforts remained relatively unchanged until World War I, when aerial photography became a major contributor to battlefield intelligence. Using stereo viewers, photo-interpreters reviewed thousands of images. Many of these were of the same target at different angles and times, giving rise to what became modern imagery analysis and mapmaking. Engineer Reproduction Plant (ERP)[edit] The Engineer Reproduction Plant was the Army Corps of Engineers's first attempt to centralize mapping production, printing, and distribution.[when?] It was located on the grounds of the Army War College in Washington, D.C. Previously, topographic mapping had largely been a function of individual field engineer units using field surveying techniques or copying existing or captured products. In addition, ERP assumed the "supervision and maintenance" of the War Department Map Collection, effective April 1, 1939. Army Map Service
Army Map Service
(AMS) / U.S. Army
U.S. Army
Topographic Command (USATC)[edit] With the advent of the Second World War
Second World War
aviation, field surveys began giving way to photogrammetry, photo interpretation, and geodesy. During wartime, it became increasingly possible to compile maps with minimal field work. Out of this emerged AMS, which absorbed the existing ERP in May 1942. It was located at the Dalecarlia Site (including buildings now named for John C. Frémont
John C. Frémont
and Charles H. Ruth) on MacArthur Blvd., just outside Washington, D.C., in Montgomery County, Maryland, and adjacent to the Dalecarlia Reservoir. AMS was designated as an Engineer field activity, effective July 1, 1942, by General Order 22, OCE, June 19, 1942. The Army Map Service
Army Map Service
also combined many of the Army's remaining geographic intelligence organizations and the Engineer Technical Intelligence Division. AMS was redesignated the U.S. Army
U.S. Army
Topographic Command (USATC) on September 1, 1968, and continued as an independent organization until 1972, when it was merged into the new Defense Mapping Agency
Defense Mapping Agency
(DMA) and redesignated as the DMA Topographic Center (DMATC) (see below). The agency's credit union, Constellation Federal Credit Union, was chartered during the Army Map Service
Army Map Service
era, in 1944. It has continued to serve all successive legacy agencies' employees and their families.[10] Aeronautical Chart Plant (ACP)[edit] After the war, as airplane capacity and range improved, the need for charts grew. The Army Air Corps established its map unit, which was renamed ACP in 1943 and was located in St. Louis, Missouri. ACP was known as the U.S. Air Force
U.S. Air Force
Aeronautical Chart and Information Center (ACIC) from 1952 to 1972 (See DMAAC below). A credit union was chartered for the ACP in 1948, called Aero Chart Credit Union. It was renamed Arsenal Credit Union
Arsenal Credit Union
in 1952,[11] a nod to the St. Louis site's Civil War-era use as an arsenal.[12] National Photographic Interpretation Center
National Photographic Interpretation Center
(NPIC)[edit]

Seal of the NPIC

Shortly before leaving office in January 1961, President Dwight D. Eisenhower authorized the creation of the National Photographic Interpretation Center, a joint project of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and DOD. NPIC was a component of the CIA's Directorate of Science and Technology (DDS&T) and its primary function was imagery analysis.[13] NPIC became part of the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (now NGA) in 1996.[14] Cuban Missile Crisis[edit] Main article: Cuban Missile Crisis NPIC first identified the Soviet Union's basing of missiles in Cuba
Cuba
in 1962. By exploiting images from U-2 overflights and film from canisters ejected by orbiting Corona (satellite)s,[15] NPIC analysts developed the information necessary to inform U.S. policymakers and influence operations during the Cuban Missile Crisis. Their analysis garnered worldwide attention when the Kennedy Administration declassified and made public a portion of the images depicting the Soviet missiles on Cuban soil; Adlai Stevenson presented the images to the United Nations Security Council
United Nations Security Council
on October 25, 1962. Directors of NPIC[edit]

Director Term of office

Arthur C. Lundahl May 1953 – July 1973

John J. Hicks July 1973 – May 1978

Brigadier Gen. Rutledge P. Hazzard June 1978 – February 1984

Robert M. Huffstutler Feb 1984 – Jan 1988

Frank J. Ruocco February 1988 – February 1991

Leo A. Hazlewood February 1991 – September 1993

Nancy E. Bone October 1993 – September 1996

Defense Mapping Agency
Defense Mapping Agency
(DMA)[edit] The Defense Mapping Agency
Defense Mapping Agency
was created on January 1, 1972, to consolidate all U.S. military mapping activities. DMA's "birth certificate", DoD Directive 5105.40, resulted from a formerly classified Presidential directive, "Organization and Management of the U.S. Foreign Intelligence Community" (November 5, 1971), which directed the consolidation of mapping functions previously dispersed among the military services.[16] DMA became operational on July 1, 1972, pursuant to General Order 3, DMA (June 16, 1972). On Oct. 1, 1996, DMA was folded into the National Imagery and Mapping Agency – which later became NGA.[17] DMA was first headquartered at the United States Naval Observatory
United States Naval Observatory
in Washington, D.C, then at Falls Church, Virginia. Its mostly civilian workforce was concentrated at production sites in Bethesda, Maryland, Northern Virginia, and St. Louis, Missouri. DMA was formed from the Mapping, Charting, and Geodesy
Geodesy
Division, Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA), and from various mapping-related organizations of the military services.[18]

DMA Hydrographic Center (DMAHC)

DMAHC was formed in 1972 when the Navy's Hydrographic Office split its two components: The charting component was attached to DMAHC, and the survey component moved to the Naval Oceanographic Office, Bay St. Louis, Mississippi, on the grounds of what is now the NASA
NASA
Stennis Space Center. DMAHC was responsible for creating terrestrial maps of coastal areas worldwide and hydrographic charts for DoD. DMAHC was initially located in Suitland, Maryland, but later relocated to Brookmont (Bethesda), Maryland.

DMA Topographic Center (DMATC)

DMATC was located in Brookmont (Bethesda), Maryland. It was responsible for creating topographic maps worldwide for DoD. DMATC's location in Bethesda, Maryland
Bethesda, Maryland
is the former site of NGA's headquarters.

DMA Hydrographic/Topographic Center (DMAHTC)

DMAHC and DMATC eventually merged to form DMAHTC, with offices in Brookmont (Bethesda), Maryland.

DMA Aerospace Center (DMAAC)

DMAAC originated with the U.S. Air Force's Aeronautical Chart and Information Center (ACIC) and was located in St. Louis, Missouri. National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA)[edit]

NIMA's logo, seal, and flag.

NIMA was established on October 1, 1996, by the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997.[19] The creation of NIMA followed more than a year of study, debate, and planning by the defense, intelligence, and policy-making communities (as well as the Congress) and continuing consultations with customer organizations. The creation of NIMA centralized responsibility for imagery and mapping. NIMA combined the DMA, the Central Imagery Office (CIO), and the Defense Dissemination Program Office (DDPO) in their entirety, and the mission and functions of the NPIC. Also merged into NIMA were the imagery exploitation, dissemination, and processing elements of the Defense Intelligence Agency, National Reconnaissance Office, and the Defense Airborne Reconnaissance Office. NIMA's creation was clouded by the natural reluctance of cultures to merge and the fear that their respective missions—mapping in support of defense activities versus intelligence production, principally in support of national policymakers—would be subordinated, each to the other.[20] NGA[edit] With the enactment of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004 on November 24, 2003,[21] NIMA was renamed NGA to better reflect its primary mission in the area of GEOINT.[22] As a part of the 2005 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) process, all major Washington, D.C.-area NGA facilities, including those in Bethesda, Maryland; Reston, Virginia; and Washington, D.C., would be consolidated at a new facility at the Fort Belvoir
Fort Belvoir
proving grounds. This new facility, called the NGA Campus East houses several thousand people and is situated on the former Engineer Proving Ground site near Fort Belvoir. NGA facilities in St. Louis were not affected by the 2005 BRAC process.[23] The cost of the new center, as of March 2009, was expected to be $2.4 billion. The center's campus is approximately 2,400,000 square feet (220,000 m2) and was completed in September 2011.[24] Organization[edit] Employees[edit] NGA employs professionals in aeronautical analysis, cartography, geospatial analysis, imagery analysis, marine analysis, the physical sciences, geodesy, computer and telecommunication engineering, and photogrammetry, as well as those in the national security and law enforcement fields. NIMA / NGA Directors[edit] The current director of NGA is Robert Cardillo.

NGA Director Robert Cardillo

This table lists all Directors of the NIMA and NGA and their term of office.

Term of Office Director

1996–1998 Rear Admiral Joseph J. Dantone, US Navy, Acting Director

1998–2001 Lieutenant General James C. King, US Army

2001–2006 Lieutenant General James R. Clapper, USAF, Retired[note 1]

2006–2010 Vice Admiral (VADM) Robert B. Murrett, USN

2010–2014 Letitia Long

2014–present Robert Cardillo

^ Although General Clapper preferred the use of his military rank, he was in fact a member of the Defense Intelligence Senior Executive Service (DISES) during his term as Director of NIMA / NGA, as he had retired from active duty as the director of DIA in 1995. Clapper was the first civilian to head NIMA / NGA.

Wikinews has related news: Letitia Long
Letitia Long
becomes first female director of a major US intelligence agency

On February 22, 2010, Secretary of Defense Robert Gates
Robert Gates
announced that Letitia Long
Letitia Long
would become director later that year, becoming the first woman to head one of the 16 Intelligence Community component agencies. Long was at the time deputy director of the DIA.[25] Long was sworn in on August 9, 2010, as head of the NGA.[26] Civilian, Department of Defense, and Intelligence Community activities[edit]

Osama bin Laden Compound Raid:The NGA was integral in helping the Department of Defense and the U.S. Intelligence Community pinpoint the Osama bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad
Osama bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad
in Pakistan, where bin Laden was residing. Following identification, NGA worked in collaboration with other intelligence agencies to create a replica of Osama bin Laden’s home in Pakistan, map bin Laden's compound, analyze drone data, and help the SEALs simulate their mission. Osama bin Laden was then killed in a SEAL team operation.[27][28] 9/11 aftermath: After the September 11, 2001 attacks, NIMA partnered with the U.S. Geological Survey
U.S. Geological Survey
to survey the World Trade Center site and determine the extent of the destruction.[15][dead link] Olympic support: In 2002, NIMA partnered with Federal organizations to provide geospatial assistance to the 2002 Winter Olympics
2002 Winter Olympics
in Utah.[15][dead link] NGA also helped support the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens, Greece, and the 2006 Winter Olympics
2006 Winter Olympics
in Turin, Italy. Space Shuttle Columbia
Space Shuttle Columbia
disaster: While the Space Shuttle Columbia
Space Shuttle Columbia
was in orbit during STS-107, NIMA purportedly offered to image the shuttle and its suspected damage from falling debris during takeoff. NASA declined this offer (see Space Shuttle Columbia
Space Shuttle Columbia
disaster), but has since forged an interagency agreement with NGA to collect imagery for all future space shuttle flights.[citation needed] Keyhole investment: NGA contributed approximately 25% of In-Q-Tel's funding of Keyhole Inc, whose Earth-viewing software became Google Earth.[29] Hurricane Katrina: The NGA supported Hurricane Katrina
Hurricane Katrina
relief efforts by "providing geospatial information about the affected areas based on imagery from commercial and U.S. government satellites, and from airborne platforms, to the Federal Emergency Management Agency
Federal Emergency Management Agency
(FEMA) and other government agencies.[30] NGA's Earth website is a central source of these efforts. Microsoft
Microsoft
partnership: Microsoft
Microsoft
Corp. and the NGA have signed a letter of understanding to advance the design and delivery of geospatial information applications to customers.[31] NGA will continue to use the Microsoft
Microsoft
Virtual Earth
Virtual Earth
platform (as it did for Katrina relief) to provide geospatial support for humanitarian, peacekeeping, and national-security efforts. Virtual Earth
Virtual Earth
is a set of online mapping and search services that deliver imagery through an API. Social Software Training: Several agencies in the Intelligence community, most notably CIA and NGA, have developed training programs to provide time to integrate social software tools into analysts' daily work habits. These classes generally focus on the use of Intellipedia
Intellipedia
to capture and manage knowledge, but they also use other social software tools, such as blogs, RSS, and social bookmarking. The courses stress immersion in these tools, and instructors encourage participants to work on a specific project in Intellipedia
Intellipedia
and exposes participants to social media.[32][33][34] Google
Google
and GeoEye: In 2008 the NGA partnered with Google
Google
and GeoEye. Google
Google
would be allowed to use GeoEye
GeoEye
spy satellite imagery with reduced resolution for Google
Google
Earth.[29] First Intelligence Agency to Open Source Software on GitHub: April 2014 NGA became the first intelligence agency to open-source software on GitHub.[35] NGA Director Letitia Long
Letitia Long
talks about NGA's GitHub initiative and the first offering, GeoQ, at the GEOINT
GEOINT
Symposium. Her comments start at 40 minutes and 40 seconds from her GEOINT
GEOINT
2014 conference speech. NGA open sources software packages under their GitHub
GitHub
organizational account.

Controversies[edit] NIMA / NGA has been involved in several controversies.

India tested a nuclear weapon in 1998 that reportedly took the United States by surprise. Due to budget cuts in defense spending after the end of the Cold War (see Peace dividend), the Intelligence Community was forced to reevaluate the allocation of its limited resources.[36] In 1999, NIMA supposedly provided NATO war-planners with incorrect maps which did not reflect that the Chinese Embassy in Belgrade
Belgrade
had moved locations, which some[who?] have argued was the cause of the accidental NATO Bombing of the Chinese embassy in Belgrade. The Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
countered this criticism by saying this overstates the importance of the map itself in the analytic process. Maps of urban areas will be out-of-date the day after they are published, but what is important is having accurate databases.[37] On Jan. 17, 2013, the USS Guardian was grounded on the Tubbataha Reef in the southern Philippines. The Navy investigated the cause of the accident and determined NGA was not at fault—rather, that the ship's leadership team failed to adhere to prudent, safe, and sound navigation principles. The Navy relied solely on an inaccurate Digital Nautical Chart (DNC) during the planning and execution of the navigation plan and failed to appropriately cross-reference additional charts and utilize visual cues.[38]

Gallery[edit]

New Headquarters of the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency

New NGA headquarters' atrium

Letitia Long, director of the NGA, 2010–2014

See also[edit]

Military of the United States portal

Cartography Geographic Information System (GIS) GEOnet Names Server Geospatial engineering Geospatial Information Officer GIS use in the NGA Imagery intelligence Orthophoto Remote sensing Satellite imagery Small Sats

References[edit]

^ "BRAC side effect: Greener buildings". May 13, 2011.  ^ a b "NGA Campus East Fact Sheet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on February 21, 2014.  ^ "Photo gallery: An alternative geography". projects.washingtonpost.com.  ^ Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Archived November 24, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. .nga.mil. Retrieved on July 21, 2013. ^ Gellman, Barton; Greg Miller (August 29, 2013). "U.S. spy network's successes, failures and objectives detailed in 'black budget' summary". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 29, 2013.  ^ "GSP - GSP". www.esa.int.  ^ "10 U.S. Code § 441 - Establishment". LII / Legal Information Institute.  ^ Serbu, Jared (2011-09-27). " Geospatial intelligence
Geospatial intelligence
HQ is now DC's 3rd largest federal office building". Federal News Radio. Retrieved 2016-03-19.  ^ "About NGA". Archived from the original on October 6, 2014.  ^ "Constellation Federal Credit Union - Miscellaneous - CFCU to NCE". constellationfcu.org. Retrieved December 3, 2012.  ^ " Arsenal Credit Union
Arsenal Credit Union
- Arsenal Credit Union
Arsenal Credit Union
- Our Roots and Structure". Arsenalcu.org. Retrieved November 27, 2012.  ^ ""Solving the Mystery of the Arsenal Guns" by Randy R. McGuire". civilwarstlouis.com. Retrieved November 27, 2012.  ^ "Thirty ... and thriving". Central Intelligence Agency. December 1, 1991. p. 1ff. Archived from the original on March 8, 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2010.  ^ "Jan. 18, 1961: National Photographic Interpretation Center". www.nga.mil.  ^ a b c NGA History Archived March 20, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., nga.mil ^ Nixon, Richard (November 5, 1971). "Memorandum, Subject: Organization and Management of the U.S. Foreign Intelligence Community" (PDF). gwu.edu. Retrieved August 12, 2007.  ^ "Defense Mapping Agency". NGA.mil.  ^ U.S. National Archives. "Guide to Federal Records: Records of the Defense Mapping Agency
Defense Mapping Agency
(DMA)". National Archives and Records Administration (NARA). Retrieved August 12, 2007.  ^ "National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 1997" (PDF). September 23, 1996. Retrieved February 10, 2008.  ^ Report of the Independent Commission on NIMA - December 2000 Archived September 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., nga.mil ^ "National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2004" (PDF). November 24, 2003. Retrieved February 10, 2008. , gpo.gov ^ "NGA: September-October 2003 State of the Agency" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 19, 2009.  ^ New Campus East Archived November 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., nga.mil ^ Davenport, Christian, "Projects' Costs Are Rising", Washington Post, March 31, 2009, p. B4 ^ "Gates names first woman to head major intel agency". FederalTimes.com. February 23, 2010. Retrieved February 25, 2010. Letitia Long, currently the Defense Intelligence Agency's deputy director, will take over NGA this summer, Gates said.  ^ "Woman takes charge of major intelligence agency for the first time". CNN. August 9, 2010. Retrieved August 11, 2010.  ^ Ambinder, Marc (5 May 2011). "The Little-Known Agency That Helped Kill Bin Laden". The Atlantic
The Atlantic
Monthly.  ^ "Osama bin Laden Compound Raid". National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 27 July 2017.  This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain. ^ a b "Oakland emails give another glimpse into the Google-Military-Surveillance Complex". PandoDaily.  ^ Geospatial Intelligence Aids Hurricane Recovery Efforts Archived September 19, 2009, at the Wayback Machine., nga.mil ^ Microsoft
Microsoft
and NGA Announce Strategic Alliance, microsoft.com ^ Radio interview that highlights Intelligence Community social software training programs, Federal News Radio, 5 November 2007, Federalnewsradio.com ^ Executive Spotlight Interview with Sean Dennehy Archived December 6, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., ExecutiveBiz, December 5, 2007 ^ Executive Spotlight Interview Archived December 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine. with Chris Rasmussen, ExecutiveBiz, October 25, 2007 ^ NGA releases open source code on GitHub, FierceGovernmentIT, April 07, 2014 ^ "Secretive map agency opens its doors", CNN.com, December 13, 2002 ^ DCI Statement on the Belgrade
Belgrade
Chinese Embassy Bombing to a House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence Open Hearing, 22 July 1999, CIA ^ "USS Guardian Grounding Investigation Results Released". U.S. Navy. Retrieved 20 June 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

Ambinder, Marc (May 5, 2011). "The Little-Known Agency That Helped Kill Bin Laden". The Atlantic.  Explains the NGA's capabilities.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency.

Official website

GEOnet Names Server (GNS) - Database of foreign geographic feature names. Worldwide coverage excluding the United States and Antarctica, containing approximately 3.93 million features with 5.45 million names, and their coordinates NGA Earth - Formerly KatrinaImagery.org (Hurricane Crisis Imagery)

Center for Geospatial Intelligence : University of Missouri - Columbia research center focused on GeoINT JP 2-03, Geospatial Intelligence Support to Joint Operations, 31 October 2012 Commission Report on the National Imagery and Mapping Agency GeoIntelligence: A trade publication covering the uses of spatial technologies for national defense and homeland security by organizations such as NGA Ensor, David (December 13, 2002). "Secretive map agency opens its doors". CNN.  DMA Receives Hammer Award, 26 January 1996 Agency Provides More Than Just Maps The Center for Intelligence and Security Studies
Center for Intelligence and Security Studies
trains new analysts in Intelligence Analysis

v t e

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
leaders

Directors of NPIC

Arthur C. Lundahl John J. Hicks Rutledge P. Hazzard Robert M. Huffstutler Frank J. Ruocco Leo A. Hazlewood Nancy E. Bone

Directors of DMA

Howard W. Penney Shannon D. Cramer Abner B. Martin William L. Nicholson Richard M. Wells Edward A. Wilkinson Robert A. Rosenberg Robert F. Durkin Raymund E. O'Mara William K. James Philip W. Nuber Joseph J. Dantone

Directors of NIMA/NGA

Joseph J. Dantone James C. King James R. Clapper Robert B. Murrett Letitia Long Robert Cardillo

National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
leaders

v t e

United States Intelligence Community

Intelligence Community

Defense

Defense Intelligence Agency
Defense Intelligence Agency
(Defense Clandestine Service • Defense Attaché System • National Intelligence University • Missile and Space Intelligence Center • National Center for Medical Intelligence • Joint Functional Component Command for Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance) National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency
National Security Agency
(Central Security Service, Special
Special
Collection Service)

Armed Forces

Army Intelligence and Security Command Marine Corps Intelligence Office of Naval Intelligence Twenty-Fifth Air Force Coast Guard Intelligence (Homeland Security)

Civilian

Bureau of Intelligence and Research
Bureau of Intelligence and Research
(State) Central Intelligence Agency
Central Intelligence Agency
(Directorate of Operations • Special
Special
Activities Division • Open Source Center • Directorate of Science and Technology • CIA University) Drug Enforcement Administration
Drug Enforcement Administration
(Justice) Federal Bureau of Investigation
Federal Bureau of Investigation
(Justice) Office of Intelligence and Analysis (Homeland Security) Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence
Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence
(Treasury) Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence
Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence
(Energy)

Director of National Intelligence

Director of National Intelligence National Counterterrorism Center National Counterproliferation Center Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive National Intelligence Council Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity Joint Intelligence Community Council Chief Information Officer

Executive Office of the President

National Security Advisor National Security Council President's Intelligence Advisory Board Homeland Security Council Homeland Security Advisor President's Daily Brief

Other

Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence Army Intelligence Support Activity Joint Worldwide Intelligence Communications System Intellipedia

Oversight

United States Senate Select Committee on Intelligence United States House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board Office of Management and Budget

Defunct

Contingency Fund for Foreign Intercourse Counterintelligence Field Activity Military Information Division Military Intelligence Division Military Intelligence Service Office of Strategic Services Office of Special
Special
Plans Strategic Support Branch

v t e

United States Department of Defense

Headquarters: The Pentagon

James Mattis, Secretary of Defense Patrick M. Shanahan, Deputy Secretary of Defense

Office of the Secretary of Defense (including Defense Agencies and DoD Field Activities)

Deputy Secretary of Defense

Deputy's Advisory Working Group Office of Net Assessment Special Access Program Oversight Committee

Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition, Technology and Logistics

Director, Defense Research and Engineering Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Missile Defense Agency Defense Contract Management Agency Defense Logistics Agency Defense Technical Information Center Defense Threat Reduction Agency Office of Economic Adjustment Defense Acquisition University Defense Acquisition Board

Under Secretary of Defense for Policy

Defense Security Cooperation Agency Defense POW/MIA Accounting Agency Defense Policy Board Advisory Committee

Under Secretary of Defense (Comptroller)

Defense Contract Audit Agency Defense Finance and Accounting Service

Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness

Defense Commissary Agency Department of Defense Education Activity DoD Human Resources Activity Military Health System Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences Defense Equal Opportunity Management Institute

Under Secretary of Defense for Intelligence

Defense Intelligence Agency Defense Security Service Defense Information Systems Agency National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency National Reconnaissance Office National Security Agency
National Security Agency
(Director)

Assistant Secretary of Defense for Public Affairs

Defense Media Activity
Defense Media Activity
(American Forces Press Service, American Forces Radio and Television Service, Stars and Stripes, The Pentagon
The Pentagon
Channel)

General Counsel of the Department of Defense

Defense Legal Services Agency

Director of Administration and Management

Pentagon Force Protection Agency Washington Headquarters Services

Military Departments

Department of the Army

Secretary of the Army The Secretariat: Under Secretary of the Army Assistant Secretary for Acquisition, Logistics, and Technology Assistant Secretary for Civil Works Assistant Secretary (Financial Management and Comptroller) Assistant Secretary of the Army for Installations, Energy and Environment Assistant Secretary of the Army for Manpower and Reserve Affairs General Counsel of the Army The Administrative Assistant The Army Staff: Chief of Staff of the Army Vice Chief of Staff of the Army Sergeant Major of the Army Deputy Chief of Staff G-8 Chief of Chaplains Judge Advocate General Provost Marshal General Surgeon General U.S. Army
U.S. Army
field organizations: see Structure of the United States Army

Department of the Navy

Secretary of the Navy The Secretariat: Under Secretary of the Navy Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Financial Management and Comptroller) Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Installations and Environment) Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Manpower and Reserve Affairs) Assistant Secretary of the Navy (Research, Development and Acquisitions) General Counsel of the Navy Judge Advocate General Naval Criminal Investigative Service Naval Inspector General Headquarters Marine Corps: Commandant of the Marine Corps Assistant Commandant of the Marine Corps Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Chaplain U.S. Marine Corps
U.S. Marine Corps
field organizations: see Organization of the United States Marine Corps Office of the Chief of Naval Operations: Chief of Naval Operations Vice Chief of Naval Operations Master Chief Petty Officer of the Navy Director of Naval Reactors Chief of Chaplains Chief of Naval Personnel Surgeon General United States Navy
United States Navy
field organizations: see Structure of the United States Navy

Department of the Air Force

Secretary of the Air Force The Secretariat: Under Secretary of the Air Force Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Acquisition) Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Financial Management & Comptroller) Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Installations, Environment & Logistics) Assistant Secretary of the Air Force (Manpower & Reserve Affairs) General Counsel of the Air Force Air Force Office of Special
Special
Investigations The Air Staff: Chief of Staff of the Air Force Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force Chief Master Sergeant of the Air Force Chief of Chaplains Chief of Safety Chief Scientist Judge Advocate General Surgeon General U.S. Air Force
U.S. Air Force
field organizations: Major Commands Direct Reporting Units Field Operating Agencies

Joint Chiefs of Staff

Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Vice Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman Joint Requirements Oversight Council Director of the Joint Staff Joint Staff National Military Command Center Alternate National Military Command Center National Defense University

Combatant Commands

Africa Command Central Command European Command Northern Command Pacific Command Southern Command Special
Special
Operations Command Strategic Command (Cyber Command) Transportation Command

National Guard Bureau

Chief of the National Guard Bureau Air National Guard Army National Guard

Office of the Inspector General

Defense Criminal Investigative Service

v t e

National intelligence agencies

Foreign intelligence

Afghanistan: NDS Albania: SHISH Algeria: DRS Argentina: AFI Armenia: SNB Australia: ASIS Azerbaijan: MTN Bahrain: NSA Bangladesh: NSI Belarus: KGB RB Belgium: ADIV/SGRS Bosnia and Herzegovina: OSA-OBA Brazil: ABIN Brunei: BRD Bulgaria: NRS Cameroon: BMM Canada: CSIS Chad: ANS Chile: ANI China: MSS Croatia: SOA Cuba: DI Czech Republic: ÚZSI Denmark: FE Djibouti: BSRG Ecuador: SENAIN Egypt: Mukhabarat Estonia: EFIS France: DGSE Gambia: SIS Georgia: GIS Germany: BND Ghana: BNI, BGU, RDU Greece: EYP Hungary: IH India: RAW Indonesia: BIN Iran: VAJA Iraq: GSD Ireland: G2 Israel: Mossad Italy: AISE Ivory Coast: NSC Japan: NPA CIRO Jordan: GID Kazakhstan: Syrbar Kenya: NIS Kyrgyzstan: SNB Kuwait: KSS Latvia: SAB Lithuania: VSD Lebanon: GDGS Libya: MJ Republic of Macedonia: UBK Malaysia: MEIO Maldives: NSS Mexico: CISEN Mongolia: GIA Montenegro: ANB Morocco: DGST Mozambique: SISE Netherlands: AIVD New Zealand: NZSIS Nigeria: NIA North Korea: RGB Norway: E-tjenesten Oman: Palace Office Pakistan: ISI Papua New Guinea: NIO Philippines: NICA Poland: AW Portugal: SIED Qatar: QSS Romania: SIE Russia: SVR Saudi Arabia: Al Mukhabarat Al A'amah Serbia: BIA Sierra Leone: CISU Singapore: SID Slovakia: SIS Slovenia: SOVA Somalia: NISA South Africa: SSA South Korea: NIS Spain: CNI Sri Lanka: SIS Sudan: JAWM Sweden: KSI Switzerland: NDB Syria: GSD Taiwan: NSB Tajikistan: MoS Thailand: NIA Togo: NIA Tunisia: TIA Turkey: MİT Turkmenistan: KNB Uganda: ISO Ukraine: SZRU United Arab Emirates: UAEI United Kingdom: SIS (MI6) United States: CIA Uzbekistan: SNB Vietnam: TC2

Domestic intelligence

Algeria: DRS Argentina: AFI Australia: ASIO Azerbaijan: MTN Bangladesh: SB Belarus: KGB RB Belgium: VS/SE Bosnia and Herzegovina: SIPA Brazil: PF Brunei: IRD Canada: CSIS Chile: ANI China: MSS Croatia: SOA Czech Republic: BIS Denmark: PET Egypt: EHS Estonia: KAPO Finland: Supo France: DGSI Germany: BfV Ghana: GPS, CID Greece: EYP Hong Kong: CIB Hungary: AH India: IB, CBI, NSC, AIRMS Iran: VAJA, IRGC, PAVA Ireland: CSB, SDU, NSU Israel: Shin Bet Italy: AISI Kazakhstan: NSC Kenya: NIS Latvia: DP Lithuania: STT Republic of Macedonia: IA Malaysia: SB Japan: NPA, PSIA Netherlands: NCTb New Zealand: NZSIS Nigeria: SSS Norway: PST North Korea: SSD Oman: ISS Pakistan: IB, FIA Philippines: NBI Poland: ABW Portugal: SIS Romania: SRI Russia: FSB Saudi Arabia: Mabahith Serbia: BIA Singapore: ISD South Africa: SSA South Korea: SPO Spain: CITCO Sri Lanka: SIS Sweden: SÄPO Switzerland: NDB Syria: GSD Taiwan: MJIB Thailand: ISOC, SB Turkey: KDGM Ukraine: SBU United Kingdom: Security Service (MI5), NDEDIU, NCA, NBIS United States: FBI Uzbekistan: SNB Venezuela: SEBIN Vietnam: TC5 Zimbabwe: CIO

Military intelligence

Australia: DIO Bangladesh: DGFI Belgium: ADIV/SGRS Brazil: DIE Canada: Int Branch China: MID Croatia: VSOA Czech Republic: VZ Denmark: FE Egypt: DMISR Finland: PE TIEDOS France: DRM, DGSE Germany: MAD Ghana: MIU Hungary: KNBSZ Iran: General Staff, SAHEFAJA, SAHEFASA, SAHEFAVEDJA India: DMI, DIA Indonesia: BAIS Ireland: G2 Israel: Aman Italy: CII Japan: MIC Kazakhstan: NSC Lithuania: AOTD Republic of Macedonia: MSSI Malaysia: DSID Morocco: DGED Netherlands: MIVD New Zealand: DDIS Norway: E-tjenesten Pakistan: MI, NI, AI Philippines: ISAFP Poland: SKW, SWW Portugal: CISMIL Romania: DGIA Russia: GRU Serbia: VOA, VBA Singapore: MIO Slovakia: VSS Slovenia: OVS South Africa: SANDF-ID South Korea: DSC Spain: Armed Forces Intelligence Center Sri Lanka: DMI Sweden: MUST Switzerland: MND Syria: MI, AFID Taiwan: MND Thailand: AFSC Turkey: GENKUR İ.D.B., JİTEM Ukraine: HUR MO United Kingdom: DI United States: DIA Venezuela: DGCIM Vietnam: TC2

Signals intelligence

Australia: ASD Brazil: 2ª Sch/EMD Canada: CSE China: SIGINT Croatia: OTC Finland: PVTIEDL France: DGSE Germany: BND Ghana: RDU India: JCB,NTRO Indonesia: LEMSANEG Ireland: CIS Israel: 8200 Japan: DIH Kazakhstan: NSC Netherlands: AIVD New Zealand: GCSB Pakistan: JSIB Russia: Spetssvyaz South Africa: SSA Sweden: FRA Switzerland: NDB Syria: MI Turkey: MİT-ETİB, MİT-SİB Ukraine: Derzhspetszviazok United Kingdom: GCHQ United States: NSA

Imagery intelligence

Australia: AGO Finland: PVTIEDL India: DAI Israel: Air Intelligence Group New Zealand: GEOINT
GEOINT
NZ Portugal: CIGeoE Russia: TsVTI GRU United Kingdom: DGIFC United States: NGA

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Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 235711089 LCCN: no2004002657 ISNI: 0000 0004 0561 129X GND: 10089476-8 BNF:

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