HOME
The Info List - Nath


--- Advertisement ---



Shiva
Shiva
- Shakti

Sadasiva Rudra Bhairava Parvati Durga Kali

Ganesha Murugan Others

Scriptures and texts

Agamas and Tantras

Vedas Svetasvatara

Tirumurai Shivasutras Vachanas

Philosophy

Three Components

Pati Pashu Pasam

Three bondages

Anava Karma Maya 36 Tattvas Yoga

Practices

Vibhuti Rudraksha Panchakshara Bilva Maha Shivaratri Yamas-Niyamas Guru-Linga-Jangam

Schools

Adi Margam

Pashupata Kalamukha Kapalika

Mantra
Mantra
Margam

Saiddhantika

Siddhantism

Non - Saiddhantika

Kashmir Shaivism

Pratyabhijna Vama Dakshina Kaula: Trika-Yamala-Kubjika-Netra

Others

Veerashaiva - Lingayatism Nath Siddhar Srouta Nusantara Agama Siwa

Scholars

Lakulisa Abhinavagupta Vasugupta Utpaladeva Nayanars Meykandar Nirartha Basava Sharana Srikantha Appayya Navnath

Related

Nandi Tantrism Jyotirlinga Shiva
Shiva
Temples

Hinduism
Hinduism
portal

v t e

Part of a series on

Hinduism

Hindu History

Concepts

Worldview

Hindu
Hindu
cosmology Puranic chronology Hindu
Hindu
mythology

God / Highest Reality

Brahman Ishvara God in Hinduism God and gender

Life

Ashrama (stage)

Brahmacharya Grihastha Vanaprastha Sannyasa

Purusharthas

Dharma Artha Kama Moksha

Liberation

Atman Maya Karma Samsara

Ethics

Niti shastra Yamas Niyama Ahimsa Asteya Aparigraha Brahmacharya Satya Damah Dayā Akrodha Ārjava Santosha Tapas Svādhyāya Shaucha Mitahara Dāna

Liberation

Bhakti
Bhakti
yoga Jnana yoga Karma
Karma
yoga

Schools

Six Astika
Astika
schools

Samkhya Yoga Nyaya Vaisheshika Mimamsa Vedanta

Advaita Dvaita Vishishtadvaita

Other schools

Pasupata Saiva Pratyabhijña Raseśvara Īśvara Pāṇini
Pāṇini
Darśana Charvaka

Deities

Trimurti

Brahma Vishnu Shiva

Other major Devas / Devis

Vedic Indra Agni Prajapati Rudra Devi Saraswati Ushas Varuna Vayu

Post-Vedic Durga Ganesha Hanuman Kali Kartikeya Krishna Lakshmi Parvati Radha Rama Shakti Sita

Texts

Scriptures

Vedas

Rigveda Yajurveda Samaveda Atharvaveda

Divisions

Samhita Brahmana Aranyaka Upanishad

Upanishads

Rigveda: Aitareya Kaushitaki

Yajurveda: Brihadaranyaka Isha Taittiriya Katha Shvetashvatara Maitri

Samaveda: Chandogya Kena

Atharvaveda: Mundaka Mandukya Prashna

Other scriptures

Bhagavad Gita Agama (Hinduism)

Other texts

Vedangas

Shiksha Chandas Vyakarana Nirukta Kalpa Jyotisha

Puranas

Vishnu
Vishnu
Purana Bhagavata Purana Nāradeya Purana Vāmana Purana Matsya Purana Garuda Purana Brahma
Brahma
Purana Brahmānda Purana Brahma
Brahma
Vaivarta Purana Bhavishya Purana Padma Purana Agni
Agni
Purana Shiva
Shiva
Purana Linga Purana Kūrma Purana Skanda Purana Varaha Purana Mārkandeya Purana

Itihasas

Ramayana Mahabharata

Upavedas

Ayurveda Dhanurveda Gandharvaveda Sthapatyaveda

Shastras and Sutras

Dharma
Dharma
Shastra Artha
Artha
Śastra Kamasutra Brahma
Brahma
Sutras Samkhya
Samkhya
Sutras Mimamsa
Mimamsa
Sutras Nyāya Sūtras Vaiśeṣika Sūtra Yoga
Yoga
Sutras Pramana
Pramana
Sutras Charaka Samhita Sushruta Samhita Natya Shastra Panchatantra Divya Prabandha Tirumurai Ramcharitmanas Yoga
Yoga
Vasistha Swara yoga Shiva
Shiva
Samhita Gheranda Samhita Panchadasi Stotra Sutras

Text classification

Śruti
Śruti
Smriti

Timeline of Hindu
Hindu
texts

Practices

Worship

Puja Temple Murti Bhakti Japa Bhajana Yajna Homa Vrata Prāyaścitta Tirtha Tirthadana Matha Nritta-Nritya

Meditation and Charity

Tapa Dhyana Dāna

Yoga

Sadhu Yogi Asana Hatha yoga Jnana yoga Bhakti
Bhakti
yoga Karma
Karma
yoga Raja yoga Kundalini Yoga

Arts

Bharatanatyam Kathak Kathakali Kuchipudi Manipuri Mohiniyattam Odissi Sattriya Bhagavata Mela Yakshagana Dandiya Raas Carnatic music

Rites of passage

Garbhadhana Pumsavana Simantonayana Jatakarma Namakarana Nishkramana Annaprashana Chudakarana Karnavedha Vidyarambha Upanayana Keshanta Ritushuddhi Samavartana Vivaha Antyeshti

Ashrama Dharma

Ashrama: Brahmacharya Grihastha Vanaprastha Sannyasa

Festivals

Diwali Holi Shivaratri Navaratri

Durga
Durga
Puja Ramlila Vijayadashami-Dussehra

Raksha Bandhan Ganesh Chaturthi Vasant Panchami Rama
Rama
Navami Janmashtami Onam Makar Sankranti Kumbha Mela Pongal Ugadi Vaisakhi

Bihu Puthandu Vishu

Ratha Yatra

Gurus, saints, philosophers

Ancient

Agastya Angiras Aruni Ashtavakra Atri Bharadwaja Gotama Jamadagni Jaimini Kanada Kapila Kashyapa Pāṇini Patanjali Raikva Satyakama Jabala Valmiki Vashistha Vishvamitra Vyasa Yajnavalkya

Medieval

Nayanars Alvars Adi Shankara Basava Akka Mahadevi Allama Prabhu Siddheshwar Jñāneśvar Chaitanya Gangesha Upadhyaya Gaudapada Gorakshanath Jayanta Bhatta Kabir Kumarila Bhatta Matsyendranath Mahavatar Babaji Madhusudana Madhva Haridasa Thakur Namdeva Nimbarka Prabhakara Raghunatha Siromani Ramanuja Sankardev Purandara Dasa Kanaka Dasa Ramprasad Sen Jagannatha Dasa Vyasaraya Sripadaraya Raghavendra Swami Gopala Dasa Śyāma Śastri Vedanta
Vedanta
Desika Tyagaraja Tukaram Tulsidas Vachaspati Mishra Vallabha Vidyaranya

Modern

Aurobindo Bhaktivinoda Thakur Chinmayananda Dayananda Saraswati Mahesh Yogi Jaggi Vasudev Krishnananda Saraswati Narayana Guru Prabhupada Ramakrishna Ramana Maharshi Radhakrishnan Sarasvati Sivananda U. G. Krishnamurti Sai Baba Vivekananda Nigamananda Yogananda Ramachandra Dattatrya Ranade Tibbetibaba Trailanga

Society

Varna

Brahmin Kshatriya Vaishya Shudra

Dalit Jati

Denominations Persecution Nationalism Hindutva

Other topics

Hinduism
Hinduism
by country

Balinese Hinduism Criticism Calendar Iconography Mythology Pilgrimage sites

Hinduism
Hinduism
and Jainism / and Buddhism / and Sikhism / and Judaism / and Christianity / and Islam

Glossary of Hinduism
Hinduism
terms Hinduism
Hinduism
portal

v t e

Nath, also called as Natha, are a Shaivism
Shaivism
sub-tradition within Hinduism.[1][2] A medieval era movement, it combined ideas from Buddhism, Shaivism
Shaivism
and Yoga
Yoga
traditions in India.[3] The Naths have been a confederation of devotees who consider Adinatha, or Shiva, as their first lord or guru, with varying lists of additional lords.[1][4] Of these, the 9th or 10th century Matsyendranath
Matsyendranath
and the ideas and organization developed by Gorakshanath
Gorakshanath
are particularly important.[4] Nath
Nath
tradition has extensive Shaivism-related theological literature of its own, most of which is traceable to the 11th century CE or later.[5] Their unconventional ways challenged all orthodox premises, exploring dark and shunned practices of society as a means to understanding theology and gaining inner powers.[6] They formed monastic organisations, itinerant groups that walked great distances to sacred sites and festivals such as the Kumbh Mela
Kumbh Mela
as a part of their spiritual practice. The Nath
Nath
also have a large settled householder tradition in parallel to its monastic groups.[5] Some of them metamorphosed into warrior ascetics to resist persecution during the Islamic rule of the Indian subcontinent.[7][8][9] The Nath
Nath
tradition was influenced by other Indian traditions such as Advaita Vedanta
Vedanta
monism,[10] and in turn influenced it as well as movements within Vaishnavism, Shaktism
Shaktism
and Bhakti
Bhakti
movement saints such as Kabir
Kabir
and Namdev.[11][12][13][14]

Contents

1 Etymology and nomenclature 2 History

2.1 Deccan roots

3 Practices

3.1 Warrior ascetics

4 Gurus, siddhas, naths

4.1 Matsyendranath 4.2 Gorakshanath 4.3 The aims of the Nathas 4.4 Hatha yoga

5 Initiation 6 History

6.1 Natha Panthis 6.2 Contemporary Natha lineages

7 Influence 8 See also 9 References

9.1 Bibliography

10 External links

Etymology and nomenclature[edit] The Sanskrit word nātha नाथ literally means "lord, protector".[15][16] The related Sanskrit term Adi Natha means first or original Lord, and is a synonym for Shiva, the founder of the Nāthas. Initiation into the Nātha sampradaya includes receiving a name ending in -nath.[17] The term ‘’Nath’’ is a neologism for the Shaivism
Shaivism
tradition now known by that name. Before the 18th century they were called Jogi or Yogi.[18] However, during the colonial rule, the term "Yogi/Jogi" was used with derision and classified by British India
India
census as a “low status caste". In the 20th century, the community began to use the alternate term Nath
Nath
instead in their public relations, while continuing to use their historical term of “yogi or jogi” to refer to each other within the community. The term Nath
Nath
or Natha, with the meaning of lord, is a term also found in Vaishnavism
Vaishnavism
(e.g. Gopinath, Jagannath) and in Jainism (Adinatha, Parsvanatha).[19] The term yogi or jogi is not limited to Natha subtradition, and has been widely used in Indian culture for anyone who is routinely devoted to yoga.[19] Some memoirs by travelers such as those by the Italian traveler Varthema refer to the Nath
Nath
Yogi
Yogi
people they met, phonetically as Ioghes.[20] History[edit] Nath
Nath
are a sub-tradition within Shaivism, who trace their lineage to nine Nath
Nath
gurus, starting with Shiva
Shiva
as the first, or ‘’Adinatha’’.[21] The list of the remaining eight is somewhat inconsistent between the regions Nath
Nath
sampradaya is found, but typically consists of c. 9th century Matsyendranatha and c. 12th century Gorakhshanatha along with six more. The other six vary between Buddhist texts such as Abhyadattasri, and Hindu
Hindu
texts such as Varnaratnakara and Hathapradipika. The most common remaining Nath gurus include Caurangi (Sarangadhara, Puran Bhagat), Jalandhara (Balnath, Hadipa), Carpatha, Kanhapa, Nagarjuna and Bhartrihari.[22] The Nath
Nath
tradition was not a new movement, but one evolutionary phase of a very old Siddha
Siddha
tradition of India.[23] The Siddha
Siddha
tradition explored Yoga, with the premise that human existence is a psycho-chemical process that can be perfected by a right combination of psychological, alchemy and physical techniques, thereby empowering one to a state of highest spirituality, living in prime condition ad libitum, and dying when one so desires into a calm, blissful transcendental state. The term siddha means "perfect", and this premise was not limited to Siddha
Siddha
tradition but was shared by others such as the Rasayana school of Ayurveda.[23] Deccan roots[edit] According to Mallinson, "the majority of the early textual and epigraphic references to Matsyendra and Goraksa are from the Deccan region and elsewhere in peninsular India; the others are from eastern India".[24] The oldest iconography of Nath-like yogis is found in the Konkan
Konkan
region (near the coast of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka).[24] The Vijayanagara Empire
Vijayanagara Empire
artworks include them, as do texts from a region now known as Maharashtra, northern Karnataka
Karnataka
and Kerala. The Chinese traveller, named Ma Huan, visited a part of the western coast of India, wrote a memoir, and he mentions the Nath
Nath
Yogis. The oldest texts of the Nath
Nath
tradition that describe pilgrimage sites include predominantly sites in the Deccan region and the eastern states of India, with hardly any mention of north, northwest or south India.[25] Gorakhshanatha is traditionally credited with founding the tradition of renunciate ascetics, but the earliest textual references about the Nath
Nath
ascetic order as an organized entity (sampradaya), that have survived into the modern era, are from the 17th century.[26] Before the 17th century, while a mention of the Nath
Nath
sampradaya as a monastic institution is missing, extensive isolated mentions about the Nath Shaiva people are found in inscriptions, texts and temple iconography from earlier centuries.[26]

The Navnath, according to a Deccan representation

In the Deccan region, only since the 18th century according to Mallison, Dattatreya
Dattatreya
has been traditionally included as a Nath
Nath
guru as a part of Vishnu- Shiva
Shiva
syncretism.[22] According to others, Dattatreya has been the revered as the Adi- Guru
Guru
(First Teacher) of the Adinath Sampradaya
Sampradaya
of the Nathas, the first "Lord of Yoga" with mastery of Tantra
Tantra
(techniques).[27][28] The number of Nath
Nath
gurus also varies between texts, ranging from 4, 9, 18, 25 and so on.[22] The earliest known text that mentions nine Nath gurus is the 15th century Telugu text Navanatha Charitra.[22] Individually, the names of Nath
Nath
Gurus appear in much older texts. For example, Matsyendranatha is mentioned as a siddha in section 29.32 of the 10th century text Tantraloka of the Advaita and Shaivism
Shaivism
scholar Abhinavagupta.[29] The mention of Nath
Nath
gurus as siddhas in Buddhist texts found in Tibet and the Himalayan regions led early scholars to propose that Naths may have Buddhist origins, but the Nath
Nath
doctrines and theology is unlike mainstream Buddhism.[29][4] In the Tibetan tradition, Matsyendranath of Hinduism
Hinduism
is identified with "Lui-pa", one referred to as the first of "Buddhist Siddhacharyas". In Nepal, he is a form of Buddhist Avalokiteshvara.[30] According to Deshpande, the Natha Sampradaya
Sampradaya
(Devanagari:नाथ संप्रदाय), is a development of the earlier Siddha
Siddha
or Avadhuta Sampradaya, an ancient lineage of spiritual masters.[31] They may be linked to Kapalikas or Kalamukhas given they share their unorthodox lifestyle, though neither the doctrines nor the evidence that links them has been uncovered.[30] The Nath
Nath
Yogis were admired by Bhakti
Bhakti
movement saint Kabir.[32] Practices[edit] The Nath
Nath
tradition has two branches, one consisting of sadhus (celibate monks) and other married householder laypeople. The householders are significantly more in number than monks and have the characteristics of an endogamous caste.[26] Both Nath
Nath
sadhus and householders are found in Nepal and India, but more so in regions such as West Bengal, Nepal, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan and Karnataka. The ascetics created an oversight organization called the Barah Panthi Yogi
Yogi
Mahasabha in 1906, which is based out of the Hindu sacred town of Haridwar.[26] According to an estimate by Bouillier in 2008, there are about 10,000 ascetics (predominantly males) in the Nath
Nath
ascetic order, distributed in about 500 monasteries across India but mostly in northern and western regions of India, along with a much larger householder Nath
Nath
tradition.[33] The oldest known monastery of the Naths that continues to be in use, is near Mangalore, in Karnataka.[34] This monastery (Kadri matha) houses Shaiva iconography as well as three Buddhist bronzes from the 10th century.[34] A notable feature of the monks is that most of them are itinerant, moving from one monastery or location to another, never staying in the same place for long.[26] Many form a floating group of wanderers, where they participate in festivals together, share work and thus form a collective identity. They gather in certain places cyclically, particularly on festivals such as Navratri, Maha Shivaratri
Maha Shivaratri
and Kumbh Mela. Many walk very long distances over a period of months from one sacred location to another, across India, in their spiritual pursuits.[26] The Nath
Nath
monks wear loin cloths and dhotis, little else. Typically they also cover themselves with ashes, tie up their hair in dreadlocks, and when they stop walking, they keep a sacred fire called dhuni.[33] These ritual dressing, covering body with ash, and the body art are, however, uncommon with the householders. Both the Nath
Nath
monks and householders wear a woolen thread around their necks with a small horn, rudraksha bead and a ring attached to the thread. This is called Singnad Janeu.[33] The small horn is important to their religious practice, is blown during certain festivals, rituals and before they eat. Many Nath
Nath
monks and a few householders also wear notable earrings.[33] According to James Mallinson, the ritual covering of ash, necklace and tripundra tilaka was likely missing in the past, and it may have emerged in the modern era.[18] Those Nath
Nath
ascetics who do tantra, include smoking bhang (cannabis) as a part of their practice.[33] The tradition is traditionally known for hatha yoga and tantra, but in contemporary times, the assiduous practice of hatha yoga and tantra is uncommon among the Naths. In some monasteries, the ritual worship is to goddesses and to their gurus such as Adinatha (Shiva), Matsyendranatha and Gorakhshanatha, particularly through bhajan and kirtans. They greet each other with ades (pronounced: "aadees").[35] Warrior ascetics[edit] The Yogis and Shaiva sampradayas such as Nath
Nath
metamorphosed into a warrior ascetic group in the late medieval era, with one group calling itself sastra-dharis (keepers of scriptures) and the other astra-dharis (keepers of weapons).[8] The latter group grew and became particularly prominent during the Islamic invasions and Hindu-Muslim wars in South Asia, from about the 14th to 18th century. According to Romila Thapar, along with Shakta Hindus, subtraditions within the "Natha Jogis were known to take to arms".[7] Gurus, siddhas, naths[edit] Main article: Navnath The Nath
Nath
tradition revere nine, twelve or more Nath
Nath
gurus.[22][6] For example, nine naths are revered in the Navnath
Navnath
Sampradaya.[36] The most revered teachers across its various subtraditions are:[37][38]

The traditional gurus of Naths

Guru[38] Alternate names Notability[38]

Adiguru Shiva, Bhairava Shiva
Shiva
is a pan- Hindu
Hindu
god

Matsyendra Mina, Macchandar, Macchaghna 9th or 10th century yoga siddha, important to Kaula
Kaula
tantra traditions, revered for his unorthodox experimentations

Goraksha Gorakh founder of monastic Nath
Nath
Sampradaya, systematized yoga techniques, organization and monastery builder, Hatha Yoga
Yoga
texts attributed to him, known for his ideas on nirguna bhakti, 11th or 12th century

Jalandhar Jalandhari, Hadipa, Jvalendra, Balnath, Balgundai 13th century siddha (may be earlier), from Jalandhar (Punjab), particularly revered in Rajasthan and Punjab regions

Kanhapa Kanhu, Kaneri, Krishnapada, Karnaripa 10th century siddha, from Bengal region, revered by a distinct sub-tradition within the Natha people

Caurangi Sarangadhara, Puran Bhagat a son of King Devapala of Bengal who renounced, revered in the northwest such as the Punjab region, a shrine to him is in Sialkot (now in Pakistan)

Carpath

lived in the Chamba region of the Himalayas, Himachal Pradesh, championed Avadhuta, taught that outer rituals don't matter, emphasized inner state of an individual

Bhartrihari

king of Ujjain who renounced his kingdom to become a yogi, a scholar

Gopichand

son of the Queen of Bengal who renounced, influential on other Indian religions

Ratannath Hajji Ratan a 13th-century siddha (may be earlier), revered in medieval Nepal and Punjab, cherished by both Naths and Sufi of north India

Dharamnath

a 15th-century siddha revered in Gujarat, founded a monastery in Kutch region, legends credit him to have made Kutch region liveable

Mastnath

founded a monastery in Haryana, an 18th-century siddha

Matsyendranath[edit]

A Matsyendra (Macchendranath) Temple in Nepal, who is revered by both Buddhists and Hindus.[39]

The establishment of the Naths as a distinct historical sect purportedly began around the 8th or 9th century with a simple fisherman, Matsyendranath
Matsyendranath
(sometimes called Minanath, who may be identified with or called the father of Matsyendranath
Matsyendranath
in some sources).[40] One of earliest known Hatha text Kaula
Kaula
Jnana Nirnaya is attributed to Matsyendra, and dated to the last centuries of the 1st millennium CE.[41][42] Other texts attributed to him include the Akulavira tantra, Kulananda tantra and Jnana karika.[43] Gorakshanath[edit] Gorakshanath
Gorakshanath
is considered a Maha-yogi (or great yogi) in the Hindu tradition.[44] Within the Nath
Nath
tradition, he has been a revered figure, with Nath
Nath
hagiography describing him as a superhuman who appeared on earth several times.[45] The matha and the city of Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
in Uttar Pradesh is named after him. The Gurkhas
Gurkhas
of Nepal and Indian Gorkha take their name after him, as does Gorkha, a historical district of Nepal. The monastery and the temple in Gorakhpur
Gorakhpur
perform various cultural and social activities and serves as the cultural hub of the city. The monastery also publishes texts on the philosophy of Gorakhnath.[46] Gorakshanath
Gorakshanath
did not emphasize a specific metaphysical theory or a particular Truth, but emphasized that the search for Truth and spiritual life is valuable and a normal goal of man.[44] Gorakshanath championed Yoga, spiritual discipline and an ethical life of self-determination as a means to reaching siddha state, samadhi and one's own spiritual truths.[44] Gorakshanath, his ideas and yogis have been highly popular in rural India, with monasteries and temples dedicated to him found in many states of India, particularly in eponymous city of Gorakhpur.[47][48] Among urban elites, the movement founded by Gorakhnath has been ridiculed.[47] The aims of the Nathas[edit] According to Muller-Ortega (1989: p. 37), the primary aim of the ancient Nath
Nath
Siddhas was to achieve liberation or jivan-mukti while alive, and ultimately "paramukti" which it defined as the state of liberation in the current life and into a divine state upon death.[49] According to a recent Nath
Nath
Guru, Mahendranath, another aim was to avoid reincarnation. In The Magick Path of Tantra, he wrote about several of the aims of the Naths;

"Our aims in life are to enjoy peace, freedom, and happiness in this life, but also to avoid rebirth onto this Earth plane. All this depends not on divine benevolence, but on the way we ourselves think and act."[50]

Hatha yoga[edit] The earliest texts on Hatha yoga
Hatha yoga
of the Naths, such as Vivekamartanda and Gorakhshasataka, are from Maharashtra, and these manuscripts are likely from the 13th century. These Nath
Nath
texts, however, have an overlap with the 13th century Jnanadeva
Jnanadeva
commentary on the Hindu scripture Bhagavada Gita, called the Jnanesvari. This may be because of mutual influence, as both the texts integrate the teachings of Yoga and Vedanta
Vedanta
schools of Hinduism
Hinduism
in a similar way.[20] Numerous technical treatises in the Hindu
Hindu
tradition, composed in Sanskrit about Hatha Yoga, are attributed to Gorakshanath.[51] Initiation[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (March 2017)

The Natha Sampradaya
Sampradaya
is an initiatory Guru-shishya tradition.[citation needed] History[edit] Natha Panthis[edit] The Nath
Nath
Sampradaya
Sampradaya
is traditionally divided into twelve streams or Panths. According to David Gordon White, these panths were not really a subdivision of a monolithic order, but rather an amalgamation of separate groups descended from either Matsyendranath, Gorakshanath
Gorakshanath
or one of their students.[40] However, there have always been many more Natha sects than will conveniently fit into the twelve formal panths.[40] In Goa, the town called Madgaon
Madgaon
may have been derived from Mathgram, a name it received from being a center of Nath
Nath
Sampradaya
Sampradaya
Mathas (monasteries). Nath
Nath
yogis practiced yoga and pursued their beliefs there, living inside caves. The Divar
Divar
island and Pilar rock-cut caves were used for meditation by the Nath
Nath
yogis. In the later half of the 16th century, they were persecuted for their religious beliefs and forced to convert by the Portuguese Christian missionaries. Except for few, the Nath
Nath
yogi chose to abandon the village.[52][53] Contemporary Natha lineages[edit] Main article: Nisargadatta Maharaj The Inchegeri Sampradaya, also known as Nimbargi Sampradaya, is a lineage of Hindu
Hindu
Navnath
Navnath
c.q. Lingayat teachers from Maharashtra
Maharashtra
which was started by Shri Bhausaheb Maharaj.[54] It is inspired by Deshastha Brahmin
Brahmin
Sant Mat teachers as Dnyaneshwar, Eknath and Samarth Ramdas. The Inchegeri Sampraday has become well-known throughout the western world due to the popularity of Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj. Influence[edit] The Hatha Yoga
Yoga
ideas that developed in the Nath
Nath
tradition influenced and were adopted by Advaita Vedanta, though some esoteric practices such as kechari-mudra were omitted.[11] Their yoga ideas were also influential on Vaishnavism
Vaishnavism
traditions such as the Ramanandis, as well as Sufi fakirs in the Indian subcontinent.[11][12] The Naths recruited devotees into their fold irrespective of their religion or caste, converting Muslim yogins to their fold.[11][55] The Nath
Nath
tradition also influenced Bhakti
Bhakti
movement saints such as Kabir, Namdev
Namdev
and Jnanadeva.[12][13][56] See also[edit]

Gurunath Sahaja Samaveda Samarasa Sampradaya Svecchachara Adinath Sampradaya Nandinatha Sampradaya Luipa Baba Balak Nath Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami
Satguru Sivaya Subramuniyaswami
- a past Guru
Guru
of the Nandinatha Sampradaya Shri Madhavnath Maharaj
Shri Madhavnath Maharaj
(1857–1936) Adityanath – the abbot of the Gorakhnath Math[40] Bodhinatha Veylanswami – Sannyasin and Satguru of the Nandinatha Sampradaya

References[edit]

^ a b Constance Jones; James D. Ryan (2006). Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Infobase Publishing. p. 308. ISBN 978-0-8160-7564-5.  ^ Eleanor Nesbitt (2014). Pashaura Singh; Louis E. Fenech, eds. The Oxford Handbook of Sikh Studies. Oxford University Press. pp. 360–361. ISBN 978-0-19-100411-7.  ^ Natha: Indian religious sect, Encyclopedia Britannica (2007) ^ a b c Mallinson, James (2011) 'Nāth Saṃpradāya.' In: Brill Encyclopedia of Hinduism
Hinduism
Vol. 3. Brill, pp. 407-428. ^ a b Mallinson 2012, pp. 407-421. ^ a b Constance Jones & James D. Ryan 2006, pp. 169-170, 308. ^ a b Romila Thapar (2008). Somanatha. Penguin Books. pp. 165–166. ISBN 978-0-14-306468-8.  ^ a b Rigopoulos 1998, pp. 99-104, 218. ^ Lorenzen, David N. (1978). "Warrior Ascetics in Indian History". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 98 (1): 61. doi:10.2307/600151.  ^ David N. Lorenzen; Adrián Muñoz (2011). Yogi
Yogi
Heroes and Poets: Histories and Legends of the Naths. State University of New York Press. pp. 4–5. ISBN 978-1-4384-3892-4.  ^ a b c d Mark Singleton (2010). Yoga
Yoga
Body: The Origins of Modern Posture Practice. Oxford University Press. pp. 28–29. ISBN 978-0-19-974598-2.  ^ a b c Guy L. Beck (2012). Alternative Krishnas: Regional and Vernacular Variations on a Hindu
Hindu
Deity. State University of New York Press. pp. 117–118. ISBN 978-0-7914-8341-1.  ^ a b David N. Lorenzen; Adrián Muñoz (2011). Yogi
Yogi
Heroes and Poets: Histories and Legends of the Naths. State University of New York Press. pp. xi–xii, 30, 47–48. ISBN 978-1-4384-3892-4.  ^ Akshaya Kumar Banerjea (1983). Philosophy of Gorakhnath with Goraksha-Vacana-Sangraha. Motilal Banarsidass. p. xxi. ISBN 978-81-208-0534-7.  ^ Wolf-Dieter Storl (2004). Shiva: The Wild God of Power and Ecstasy. Inner Traditions. p. 258 with footnote. ISBN 978-1-59477-780-6.  ^ M. Monier-Williams (2005). A Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 9788120831056.  ^ David Gordon White (2012). The Alchemical Body: Siddha
Siddha
Traditions in Medieval India. University of Chicago Press. pp. 355 note 8, 100–101. ISBN 978-0-226-14934-9.  ^ a b Mallinson 2012, pp. 407-410. ^ a b Mallinson 2012, pp. 409-410. ^ a b Mallinson 2012, pp. 411-415. ^ Mallinson 2012, pp. 407-411. ^ a b c d e Mallinson 2012, pp. 409-411. ^ a b Paul E. Muller-Ortega 2010, pp. 36-37. ^ a b Mallinson 2012, pp. 410-412. ^ Mallinson 2012, pp. 411-413. ^ a b c d e f Mallinson 2012, pp. 407-408. ^ Rigopoulos 1998, pp. 77-78. ^ Harper, Katherine Anne; Brown, Robert L. (2002). The Roots of Tantra, State University of New York Press, ISBN 978-0-7914-5305-6, pp. 155-156 ^ a b Mallinson 2012, pp. 409-412. ^ a b Karine Schomer; W. H. McLeod (1987). The Sants: Studies in a Devotional Tradition of India. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 217–221 with footnotes. ISBN 978-81-208-0277-3.  ^ Deshpande, M.N. (1986). The Caves of Panhale-Kaji. New Delhi: Archaeological Survey of India, Government of India. ^ Karine Schomer; W. H. McLeod (1987). The Sants: Studies in a Devotional Tradition of India. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 36–38 with footnotes. ISBN 978-81-208-0277-3.  ^ a b c d e Mallinson 2012, pp. 407-409. ^ a b Mallinson 2012, pp. 413-417. ^ Mallinson 2012, pp. 1-2. ^ " Navnath
Navnath
Sampradaya". Nisargadatta Maharaj. Archived from the original on 2015-02-23. Retrieved 2 December 2015.  ^ Berntsen 1988. ^ a b c Mallinson 2012, pp. 407-420. ^ Prem Saran (2012). Yoga, Bhoga and Ardhanariswara: Individuality, Wellbeing and Gender in Tantra. Routledge. p. 200. ISBN 978-1-136-51648-1.  ^ a b c d White, David Gordon (1996). The Alchemical Body. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ^ Richard Rosen (2012). Original Yoga: Rediscovering Traditional Practices of Hatha Yoga. Shambhala Publications. pp. 263–264. ISBN 978-0-8348-2740-0.  ^ Prabodh Chandra Bagchi; Michael Magee (Translator) (1986). Kaulajnana-nirnaya of the school of Matsyendranatha. Prachya Prakashan.  ^ David N. Lorenzen; Adrián Muñoz (2011). Yogi
Yogi
Heroes and Poets: Histories and Legends of the Naths. State University of New York Press. p. 211. ISBN 978-1-4384-3892-4.  ^ a b c AK Banerjea (1983), Philosophy of Gorakhnath with Goraksha-Vacana-Sangraha, ISBN 978-8120805347, page 23-25 ^ Briggs (1938), Gorakhnath and the Kanphata Yogis, 6th Edition (2009 Reprint), Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 978-8120805644, p. 229 ^ AK Banerjea (1983), Philosophy of Gorakhnath with Goraksha-Vacana-Sangraha, ISBN 978-8120805347 ^ a b White, David Gordon (2012), The Alchemical Body: Siddha Traditions in Medieval India, University of Chicago Press, pp. 7–8  ^ David N. Lorenzen and Adrián Muñoz (2012), Yogi
Yogi
Heroes and Poets: Histories and Legends of the Naths, SUNY Press, ISBN 978-1438438900, pages x-xi ^ Paul E. Muller-Ortega 2010, pp. 36-38. ^ Mahendranath (1990), The Magick Path of Tantra ^ Karine Schomer; W. H. McLeod (1987). The Sants: Studies in a Devotional Tradition of India. Motilal Banarsidass. pp. 70–71 with footnotes. ISBN 978-81-208-0277-3.  ^ "The evolution of Salcete's mighty Mathgram - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2017-04-07.  ^ Vithal Raghavendra Mitragotri (1999). A socio-cultural history of Goa
Goa
from the Bhojas to the Vijayanagara. Institute Menezes Braganza. pp. 117, 240–244. , Quote: " Nath
Nath
yogis are associated with caves in Goa
Goa
as well as in Maharashtra. The rock cut caves of Diwadi island and Pilar both in Tiswadi taluka are Nath-panthi caves". ^ ShantiKuteer Ashram, Bhausaheb Maharaj ^ William R. Pinch (2006). Warrior Ascetics and Indian Empires. Cambridge University Press. pp. 10–11. ISBN 978-0-521-85168-8.  ^ Neelima Shukla-Bhatt (2015). Narasinha Mehta of Gujarat: A Legacy of Bhakti
Bhakti
in Songs and Stories. Oxford University Press. pp. 271 note 34. ISBN 978-0-19-997642-3. 

Bibliography[edit]

Adityanath
Adityanath
(2002). Nath
Nath
FAQ. Retrieved Oct. 20, 2004. Berntsen, Maxine, and Eleanor Zelliot (1988), The Experience of Hinduism: Essays on Religion in Maharashtra, Albany, N.Y: State University of New York Press, p. 338, ISBN 0-88706-662-3  Boucher, Cathy (n.d.). "The Lineage of Nine Gurus. The Navnath Sampradaya
Sampradaya
and Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj". Archived from the original on January 27, 2016.  Davisson, Sven (2003). Shri Kapilnath Interview in Ashé: Journal of Experimental Spirituality, Vol. 2, No. 4, Winter 2003. Gold, Daniel and Ann Grodzins Gold (1984). The Fate of the Householder Nath
Nath
in History of Religions, Vol. 24, No. 2 (Nov., 1984), pp. 113-132. Constance Jones; James D. Ryan (2006). Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 978-0-8160-7564-5.  Mallinson, James (2012). ""Nāth Sampradāya"". In Knut A. Jacobsen; Helene Basu; Angelika Malinar; Vasudha Narayanan. Brill’s Encyclopedia of Hinduism. 3. Brill Academic.  Paul E. Muller-Ortega (2010). Triadic Heart of Siva, The: Kaula Tantricism of Abhinavagupta
Abhinavagupta
in the Non-dual Shaivism
Shaivism
of Kashmir. State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-1-4384-1385-3.  Rigopoulos, Antonio (1998). Dattatreya: The Immortal Guru, Yogin, and Avatara: A Study of the Transformative and Inclusive Character of a Multi-faceted Hindu
Hindu
Deity. State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-7914-3696-7.  Mahendranath, Shri Gurudev (1990). The Scrolls of Mahendranath. International Nath
Nath
Order. Retrieved Mar. 6, 2006. Mahendranath, Shri Gurudev. The Tantrik Initiation in The Occult World of a Tantrik Guru. International Nath
Nath
Order. Retrieved Nov. 18, 2006. About Nath/Jogis: Jogi. Retrieved Feb. 06, 2010. Bhatnagar, V. S. (2012). The Nātha philosophy and Ashṭāṅga-yoga. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan.

External links[edit] General

Three Lineages. The Navnath
Navnath
Sampradaya
Sampradaya
and Shree Nisargadatta Maharaj Gurudev R.D Ranade International Nath
Nath
Order

v t e

Shaivism

History

History of Shaivism

Deities

Shiva

Sadyojata Vamadeva Aghora Tatpurusha Ishana

Nataraja Dakshinamurthy Harihara

Shakti

Ardhanarishvara Parvati

Ganesha Kartikeya Nandi

Texts

Shvetashvatara Upanishad Shivarahasya Purana Shiva
Shiva
Purana Shiva
Shiva
Sutras of Vasugupta

Mantra/ Stotra

Om Namah Shivaya Rudrashtakam Mahamrityunjaya Mantra Shiva
Shiva
Tandava Stotram Shiva
Shiva
Sahasranama Shiv Chalisa Shri Rudram Chamakam Shiva
Shiva
mahimna stotram

Philosophical Traditions

Shaiva Siddhanta Pashupata Shaivism Kashmir Shaivism Veera Shaivism Siddha
Siddha
Siddhanta Shiva
Shiva
Advaita Shaiva Smartas

Jyotirlingas

Bhimāśankara Ghuṣmeśvara Kedāranātha Viśveśvara Mallikārjuna Mahākāleśvara Nāgeśvara Omkāreśvara Rāmeśvara Somanātha Tryambakeśvara Vaidyanātha

Pancha Bhoota Stalam

Chidambaram Temple (Ether) Sri Kalahasti Temple (Air) Annamalaiyar Temple
Annamalaiyar Temple
(Fire) Thiruvanaikaval Temple (Water) Ekambareswarar Temple
Ekambareswarar Temple
(Earth)

Temples

Amarnath Brihadeeswarar Kailash Mansarovar Katasraj temple Lingaraj Temple Meenakshi Tirunelveli Panch Kedar

Kedarnath Tungnath Rudranath Madhyamaheshwar Kalpeshwar

Pancha Sabhai

Ratna Sabai Pon Sabai Velli Sabai Thamira Sabai Chitira Sabai

Tiruchengode Thirukutralam Vadakkum Nathan List of Shiva
Shiva
temples in India

Traditional Observances

Kanwar Yatra Lingam

Rasalingam

Maha Shivaratri Pradosha Shiva
Shiva
Puja Siddha Vibhuti Other names

Category

Inchegeri Sampradaya

v t e

Rishi Dattatreya, mythological deity-founder.[a][b]

Navnath, the nine founders of the Nath
Nath
Sampradaya,[c][d]

Gahininath,[e] the 5th Navnath[f] Revananath, the 7th[g] or 8th[h] Navnath, also known as Kada Siddha[i] Siddhagiri Math[j][k] c.q. Kaneri Math (est. 7th[l] or 14th century[m]; Lingayat Parampara[n] c.q. Kaadasiddheshwar Parampara[o]

Nivruttinath, Dnyaneshwar's brother[p]

Dnyaneshwar[q] (1275–1296) also known as Sant Jñāneshwar or Jñanadeva[r] and as Kadasiddha[s] or Kad- Siddheshwar
Siddheshwar
Maharaj[t]

Different accounts: Kadasiddha,[u] also called "Almighty "Kadsiddeshwar",[v] who appeared as a vision to Sri Gurulingajangam Maharaj[w] or The 22nd[citation needed] or 24th[x] Shri Samarth Muppin Kaadsiddheswar Maharaj, who initiated Sri Gurulingajangam Maharaj[y] or "The 25th generation of the kadsiddha at siddhagiri had then initiated Guruling jangam maharaj of nimbargi."[z] or "Juangam Maharaj" c.q. "a yogi [at Siddhagiri] who gave [Nimabargi Maharaj] a mantra and told him to meditate regularly on it"[aa]

1 Nimbargi Maharaj (1789-1875) also known as Guru
Guru
Lingam- Jangam
Jangam
Maharaj [ab][ac][ad] 23rd Shri Samarth Muppin Kaadsiddheswar Maharaj[citation needed]

2 Shri Bhausaheb Maharaj
Bhausaheb Maharaj
Umdikar[ae][af] (1843 Umdi - 1914 Inchgiri[ag]) 24th Shri Samarth Muppin Kaadsiddheswar Maharaj[citation needed]

3 H.H. Shri Amburao Maharaj of Jigjivani (1857 Jigajevani - 1933 Inchgiri)[ah][ai]

Shivalingavva Akka (1867-1930)[aj] Girimalleshwar Maharaj[ak][al] Sri Siddharameshwar Maharaj
Siddharameshwar Maharaj
(1875-1936)[am][an] 25th Shri Samarth Muppin Kaadsiddheswar Maharaj[citation needed]

4 H.H. Shri Gurudev Ranade of Nimbal (1886-1957)[ao][ap][aq][ar][as]

Balkrishna Maharaj[at] Shri Aujekar Laxman Maharaj[au] Madhavananda Prabhuji (d. 25th May, 1980)[av] Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
(1897–1981)[aw]

Sri Ranjit Maharaj (1913–2000)[ax][ay][az][ba] Sri Ganapatrao Maharaj Kannur
Sri Ganapatrao Maharaj Kannur
(1909 - 2004)[bb] Shri Vilasanand Maharaj (1909–1993)[citation needed] Shri Ranachhodray Maharaj, Baitkhol Karwar[citation needed]

26th Shri Muppin Kaadsiddheshwar
Kaadsiddheshwar
Maharaj (1905-2001) Student of Sri Siddharameshwar Maharaj[bc]

5 H.H Shri Gurudev Chandra Bhanu Pathak[bd]

Bhausaheb Maharaj
Bhausaheb Maharaj
(Nandeshwar)[be] Shri Nagnath Alli Maharaj[bf]

Maurice Frydman[bg] Ramesh Balsekar[bh]

Gautam Sachdeva[bi]

Ramakant Maharaj[bj] Alexander Smit[bk] Douwe Tiemersma[bl] Robert Powell[bm] Timothy Conway[bn] Jean Dunn[bo][bp][bq] Mark McCloskey[br] "Sailor" Bob Adamson[bs][bt] Stephen Wolinksky[bu] Mark West[bv] David Hargrove[bw]

27th head: H.H. Adrushya Kadsiddheshwar Swamiji[bx] H. H. Jagadguru Ramanandacharya Shree Swami Narendracharyaji Maharaj[by]

Notes for table

Notes

^ Boucher ^ Frydman 1987 ^ Boucher ^ Frydman 1987 ^ Dnyaneshwar ^ Frydman 1987 ^ Frydman 1987 ^ Boucher ^ Kada Siddha
Siddha
(website Ranade Maharaj ^ Kada Siddha
Siddha
(website Ranade Maharaj) ^ Siddhagiri Math ^ Siddhagiri Math (website Shri Kshetra Siddhagiri Math, Kaneri) ^ Siddhagiri Math (Gramjivan Museum) ^ Kaadsiddheshwar
Kaadsiddheshwar
Maharaj (website Kaadsiddheshwar
Kaadsiddheshwar
Maharaj) ^ Kaadsiddheshwar
Kaadsiddheshwar
Maharaj Parampara ^ Dnyaneshwar ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Frydman 1987 ^ Boucher ^ Frydman 1987 ^ Ranjit Maharaj Timeline ^ Ranjit Maharaj Timeline ^ Siddhagiri Math (website siddhagirimath.org) ^ Siddhagiri Math (website siddhagirimath.org) ^ Kada Siddha
Siddha
(website Balkrushna Maharaj) ^ Boucher ^ Boucher ^ Nimbargi Maharj (website Ranade Maharaj ^ Frydman 1987 ^ Boucher ^ Bhausaheb Maharaj
Bhausaheb Maharaj
(website Ganapatrao Maharj) ^ Bhausaheb Maharaj
Bhausaheb Maharaj
(website Ranade Maharaj) ^ Amburao Maharaj (website Ranade Maharaj) ^ Frydman 1987 ^ Shivalingavva Akka (website Ranade Maharaj) ^ Frydman 1987 ^ Girimalleshwar Maharaj (website Balkrushnamauli Maharaj) ^ Boucher ^ Frydman 1987 ^ Amburao Maharaj Maharj (website Ranade Maharaj) ^ Ranade Maharaj (website Ranade Maharaj) ^ Boucher ^ Frydman 1987 ^ Ranade Maharj (website Bridge-India) ^ Balkrishna Maharaj (website Balkrishna Maharaj) ^ Nagnath Alli Maharaj (website) ^ Madhavananda Prabhuji (website gurusfeet.com) ^ Boucher ^ Boucher ^ Ranjit Maharaj (website Ranjit Maharaj) ^ Ranjit Maharaj Interview ^ Ranjit Maharaj Satsang ^ Bhausaheb Maharaj
Bhausaheb Maharaj
(website Ganapatrao Maharaj) ^ Kaadsiddheshwar
Kaadsiddheshwar
Maharaj (website Kaadsiddheshwar
Kaadsiddheshwar
Maharaj) ^ Ranjit Maharaj (website Angelfire) ^ Bhausaheb Maharaj
Bhausaheb Maharaj
(Nandeshwar)(website Balkrishna Maharaj) ^ Nagnath Alli Maharaj (website Nagnath Alli Maharaj) ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Gautam Sachdeva ^ Ramakant Maharj (website Ramakant Maharaj) ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Jean Dunn (website Ed Muzika) ^ Jean Dunn (website Ngeton) ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Sailor Bob Adamson (website Sailor Bob Adamson) ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples ^ Siddhagiri Math – History (website siddhagirimath.org ^ Narendracharyaji Maharaj (website Narendracharyaji Maharaj)

Sources

Boucher, Cathy (2002), The Lineage of Nine Gurus. The Navnath Sampradaya
Sampradaya
and Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj  Frydman, Maurice (1987), Navanath Sampradaya. In: I Am That. Sri Nisargadatta Maharaj, Bombay: Chetana 

Websites

Amburao Maharaj (website Ranade Maharaj): Gurudev R.D. Ranade, Sadguru Shri Amburao Maharaj Balkrishna Maharaj (website Balkrishna Maharaj): balkrushnamauli.com, Samarth Sadguru Balkrushna Maharaj Bhausaheb Maharaj
Bhausaheb Maharaj
(website Ranade Maharaj): Gurudev R.D. Ranade, Sadguru Shri Bhausaheb Maharaj
Bhausaheb Maharaj
Umdikar Bhausaheb Maharaj
Bhausaheb Maharaj
(website Ganapatrao Maharaj): ShantiKuteer Ashram, Bhausaheb Maharaj Bhausaheb Maharaj
Bhausaheb Maharaj
(Nandeshwar) (website Balkrishna Maharaj): balkrushnamauli.com, Shri Bhausaheb Maharaj
Bhausaheb Maharaj
(Nandeshwar) Dnyaneshwar: V. V. Shirvaikar, A brief biography of saint Dnyaneshwar (Jnanadeva) Gautam Sachdeva: gautamsachdeva.com, About Gautam Sachdeva Girimalleshwar Maharaj (website Balkrushnamauli Maharaj): balkrushnamauli.com, Girimalleshwar Maharaj</ref> Jean Dunn (website Ed Muzika): Jean Dunn and Nisargadatta Maharaj Jean Dunn (website Ngeton): Ngeton, Navnath
Navnath
Masters Kaadsiddheshwar
Kaadsiddheshwar
Maharaj (website Kaadsiddheshwar
Kaadsiddheshwar
Maharaj): Mazad Sad Guru, Biography Kaadsiddheshwar
Kaadsiddheshwar
Maharaj Parampara: mazasadguru.com, The Kaadsiddheshwar
Kaadsiddheshwar
Parampara Kada Siddha
Siddha
(website Ranade Maharaj): Gurudev R.D. Ranade, Kada Siddha Kada Siddha
Siddha
(website Balkrushna Maharaj): Balkrushna Maharaj, Kadsiddheshwar Maharaj Madhavananda Prabhuji (website gurusfeet.com)Gurus Feet, Madhavananda Prabhuji Nagnath Alli Maharaj (website Nagnath Alli Maharaj): Shri S.S. Nagnath Alli Maharaj Sansthan, About us Narendracharyaji Maharaj (website Narendracharyaji Maharaj): A brief biography of Jagadguru Ramanandacharya Sri Swami Narendracharyaji Maharaj Nimbargi Maharaj (website Ranade Maharaj): Gurudev R.D. Ranade, Sadguru Shri Guruling Jangam
Jangam
Maharaj Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Commemorations pt.1: David Godman, Remembering Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
pt.1 Nisargadatta Maharaj
Nisargadatta Maharaj
Disciples: Advaita Vision, Navnath
Navnath
Sampradaya. Disciples of Nisargadatta Maharaj Ramakant Maharaj (website Ramakant Maharaj): Shri Ramakant Maharaj, Information Ranade Maharaj (website Ranade Maharaj): Gurudev R.D. Ranade, Shri Gurudev R. D. Ranade Ranade Maharaj (website Bridge-India): Bridge-India, Shri Gurudev R.D. Ranade Ranjit Maharaj (website Ranjit Maharaj): Sadguru.com, Shri Ranjit Maharaj Ranjit Maharaj Timeline: Sadguru.com, Shri Ranjit Maharaj History Ranjit Maharaj Interview: InnerQuest, Ranjit interview Ranjit Maharaj Satsang: inner-quest.org, "Final Reality has no beginning and no end." Ranjit Maharaj (website Angelfire): Sri Ranjit Maharaj profile Sailor Bob Adamson (website Sailor Bob Adamson): Sailor Bob Adamson website Shivalingavva Akka (website Ranade Maharaj): gurudevranade.com, Rv. Smt.Shri.Shivalingavva Akka Siddhagiri Math: Detailed history of Shri Nisarghadatta Maharaj Siddhagiri Math (website Shri Kshetra Siddhagiri Math, Kaneri): Shri Kshetra Siddhagiri Math, Kaneri Siddhagiri Math (Gramjivan Museum): Siddhagiri Gramjivan Museum Kaneri Math Siddhagiri Math (website siddhagirimath.org): siddhagirimath.org, Siddhagiri Math – Pedigree Siddhagiri Math – History (website siddhagirimath.org): siddhagirimath.org, Siddhagir

.