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Naskh (Arabic: نسخ‎ nasḫ/nasḵ; also known as Naskhi or by its Turkish name Nesih) is a specific style of the Arabic
Arabic
alphabet, said to have been invented by Persian calligrapher Ibn Muqlah Shirazi
Ibn Muqlah Shirazi
(d. 940).[citation needed] The root of this Arabic
Arabic
term nasakh-a (نسخ) means "to copy". It either refers to the fact that it replaced its predecessor, Kufic
Kufic
script, or that this style allows faster copying of texts. This type of script was derived from Thuluth
Thuluth
by introducing a number of modifications resulting in smaller size and greater delicacy. It is written using a small, very fine pen known as a cava pen, which makes the script eminently suitable for use in book production. Naskhi was used in copying Qur'ans,[1] Delails, En-ams and Hadiths. It was also used in commentaries on the Qur'an
Qur'an
(Tafsir) and in collections of poetry (diwan). It was and is a very widely used form of script.

With major simplifications, such as reduction of script rules and forced horizontal alignment, this is the style most commonly used for printing Arabic, Persian, Pashto and Sindhi languages and for representations of the Arabic alphabet
Arabic alphabet
by computer fonts. Naskh, along with Ta'liq, notably also gave rise to Nasta'līq, the style of script used for writing Urdu, Persian, Punjabi, Kashmiri, and sometimes Pashto and Uyghur. See also[edit]

Ruqʿah (the cursive Arabic
Arabic
handwriting) Nastaliq Arabic, Urdu, other Arabic keyboard
Arabic keyboard
layouts National Language Authority

References[edit]

^ " Qur'an
Qur'an
Carpet Page; al-Fatihah". World Digital Library. Retrieved 28 February 2013. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Naskh.

v t e

Arabic
Arabic
language

Overviews

Language Alphabet History Romanization Numerology Influence on other languages

Alphabet

Nabataean alphabet Perso- Arabic
Arabic
alphabet Ancient North Arabian Ancient South Arabian script

Zabūr script

Arabic
Arabic
numerals Eastern numerals Arabic
Arabic
Braille

Algerian

Diacritics

i‘jām Tashkil Harakat Tanwin Shaddah

Hamza Tāʾ marbūṭah

Letters

ʾAlif Bāʾ Tāʾ

Tāʾ marbūṭah

Ṯāʾ Ǧīm Ḥāʾ Ḫāʾ Dāl Ḏāl Rāʾ Zāy Sīn Šīn Ṣād Ḍād Ṭāʾ Ẓāʾ ʿAyn Ġayn Fāʾ Qāf Kāf Lām Mīm Nūn Hāʾ

Tāʾ marbūṭah

Wāw Yāʾ Hamza

Notable varieties

Ancient

Proto-Arabic Old Arabic Ancient North Arabian Old South Arabian

Standardized

Classical Modern Standard Maltese[a]

Regional

Nilo-Egyptian Levantine Maghrebi

Pre-Hilalian dialects Hilalian dialects Moroccan Darija Tunisian Arabic Sa'idi Arabic

Mesopotamian Peninsular

Yemeni Arabic Tihamiyya Arabic

Sudanese Chadian Modern South Arabian

Ethnic / religious

Judeo-Arabic

Pidgins/Creoles

Juba Arabic Nubi language Babalia Creole Arabic Maridi Arabic Maltese

Academic

Literature Names

Linguistics

Phonology Sun and moon letters ʾIʿrāb (inflection) Grammar Triliteral root Mater lectionis IPA Quranic Arabic
Arabic
Corpus

Calligraphy Script

Diwani Jawi script Kufic Rasm Mashq Hijazi script Muhaqqaq Thuluth Naskh (script) Ruqʿah script Taʿlīq script Nastaʿlīq script Shahmukhī script Sini (script)

Technical

Arabic
Arabic
keyboard Arabic
Arabic
script in Unicode ISO/IEC 8859-6 Windows-1256 MS-DOS codepages

708 709 710 711 720 864

Mac Arabic
Arabic
encoding

aSociolinguistically not Arabic

v t e

Islamic calligraphy

Styles

Arabic

Hijazi Jeli Thuluth Kufic
Kufic
(Geometric Kufic) Maghrebi Muhaqqaq Mashq Naskh Thuluth

Ottoman

Diwani Tawqi
Tawqi
(Tevki) Ruq'ah

Persian

Nasta'liq Taʿlīq

Others

Sini

Objects

Arabic
Arabic
calligraffiti Arabic
Arabic
miniature Basmala Islamic calligram Firman Hilya Islamic illuminated manuscript Mughal miniature Muraqqa Ottoman illumination Ottoman miniature Persian miniature Tughra Islamic zoomorphism

Calligraphers

List of Arabic
Arabic
calligraphers List of Ottoman calligraphers List of Persian calligraphers

Tools Techniques

Kashida Qalam Word heaping

Organizations

Al-Furqan Islamic Heritage Foundation Museum of Turkish Calligraphy Art Society of Iranian Calligraphists

Influences

Pseudo-Kufic

Part of Islamic arts

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Arabic
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