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The NASHVILLE SOUND originated during the mid 1950s as a subgenre of American country music , replacing the chart dominance of the rough honky tonk music which was most popular in the 1940s and 1950s with "smooth strings and choruses", "sophisticated background vocals" and "smooth tempos". It was an attempt "to revive country sales, which had been devastated by the rise of rock \'n\' roll ."

CONTENTS

* 1 Origins * 2 Countrypolitan * 3 Country pop * 4 Examples of the Nashville sound
Nashville sound
* 5 Examples of Countrypolitan * 6 See also * 7 References

ORIGINS

The Nashville sound
Nashville sound
was pioneered by staff at Decca Records , RCA Records and Columbia Records
Columbia Records
in Nashville, Tennessee
Nashville, Tennessee
, including manager Steve Sholes , record producers Chet Atkins
Chet Atkins
, Owen Bradley , and Bob Ferguson , and recording engineer Bill Porter . They invented the form by replacing elements of the popular honky tonk style (fiddles , steel guitar , nasal lead vocals) with "smooth" elements from 1950s pop music (string sections, background vocals, crooning lead vocals), and using "slick" production , and pop music structures. The producers relied on a small group of studio musicians known as the Nashville A-Team , whose quick adaptability and creative input made them vital to the hit-making process. The Anita Kerr Quartet was the main vocal backing group in the early 1960s. In 1960, Time magazine reported that Nashville had "nosed out Hollywood
Hollywood
as the nation's second biggest (after New York ) record-producing center."

The term "Nashville Sound" was first mentioned in an article about Jim Reeves
Jim Reeves
in 1958 in the Music Reporter and again in 1960 in a Time magazine article about Reeves. Other observers have identified several recordings that helped establish the early Nashville sound. Country historian Rich Kienzle says that "Gone ", a Ferlin Husky hit recorded in November 1956, "may well have pointed the way to the Nashville sound." Writer Colin Escott proclaims Jim Reeves
Jim Reeves
' "Four Walls ", recorded February 1957, to be the "first 'Nashville sound' record", and Chet Atkins
Chet Atkins
, the RCA-based producer and guitarist most often credited with being the sound's primary artistic brainchild, pointed to his production of Don Gibson 's " Oh Lonesome Me " late that same year.

In an essay published in Heartaches by the Number: Country Music's 500 Greatest Singles, David Cantwell argues that Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
's rock and roll recording of "Don\'t Be Cruel " in July 1956 was the record that sparked the beginning of the era now called the Nashville sound.

Regarding the Nashville sound, the record producer Owen Bradley stated, "Now we've cut out the fiddle and steel guitar and added choruses to country music. But it can't stop there. It always has to keep developing to keep fresh."

COUNTRYPOLITAN

Lynn Anderson

In the early 1960s, the Nashville sound
Nashville sound
began to be challenged by the rival Bakersfield sound on the country side and by the British Invasion on the pop side; compounding these problems were the sudden deaths, in separate airplane crashes, of Patsy Cline
Patsy Cline
and Jim Reeves
Jim Reeves
, two of the Nashville Sound's biggest stars. Nashville's pop song structure became more pronounced and it morphed into what was called Countrypolitan - a smoother sound typified through the use of lush string arrangements with a real orchestra and often, background vocals provided by a choir . Countrypolitan was aimed straight at mainstream markets and it sold well throughout the later 1960s into the early 1970s. Among the architects of this sound were producers Billy Sherrill (who was instrumental in shaping Tammy Wynette
Tammy Wynette
's early career) and Glenn Sutton . Artists who typified the countrypolitan sound initially included Wynette, Glen Campbell (who recorded in Hollywood
Hollywood
and not Nashville), Lynn Anderson , Charlie Rich
Charlie Rich
, and Charley Pride
Charley Pride
, the latter being a rare example of a top-selling African-American
African-American
country performer.

The Bakersfield sound, and later outlaw country , dominated country music among aficionados while countrypolitan reigned on the pop charts.

Upon being asked what the Nashville sound
Nashville sound
was, Chet Atkins
Chet Atkins
would put his hand into his pocket, shake his loose change, and say "That's what it is. It's the sound of money".

COUNTRY POP

Main article: Country pop

By the late 1970s and 1980s, many pop music singers picked up the countrypolitan style and created what is known as country pop , the fusion of country music and soft rock .

EXAMPLES OF THE NASHVILLE SOUND

Classic examples of Nashville sound
Nashville sound
recordings:

* "Four Walls " by Jim Reeves
Jim Reeves
(1957) * "Gone " by Ferlin Husky (1957) * "A Fallen Star" by Jimmy C. Newman (1957) * " The Three Bells " by The Browns (1959) * "He\'ll Have to Go " by Jim Reeves
Jim Reeves
(1960) * "Last Date " by Floyd Cramer (1960) * "I\'m Sorry " by Brenda Lee (1960) * " I Fall to Pieces " by Patsy Cline
Patsy Cline
(1961) * "Hello Fool" by Ralph Emery (1961) * " A Little Bitty Tear ", " Call Me Mister In-Between ", and "It\'s Just My Funny Way of Laughin\' " by Burl Ives (1962) (Ives was not a country singer, but a folk singer.) * "The End of the World " by Skeeter Davis (1963) This record was a mainstream pop chart hit. * "Here Comes My Baby " by Dottie West (1964) * " Make the World Go Away " by Eddy Arnold
Eddy Arnold
(1965) * " Misty Blue
Misty Blue
" by Wilma Burgess (1966) * " Danny Boy
Danny Boy
" by Ray Price (1967)

EXAMPLES OF COUNTRYPOLITAN

* "(I Never Promised You a) Rose Garden " by Lynn Anderson (1971) * " Help Me Make It Through the Night
Help Me Make It Through the Night
" by Sammi Smith (1971) * " Kiss an Angel Good Morning " by Charley Pride
Charley Pride
* " Eleven Roses " by Hank Williams, Jr.
Hank Williams, Jr.
(1972) * "Behind Closed Doors " by Charlie Rich
Charlie Rich
(1973) * "Good News" by Jody Miller (1973) * " The Most Beautiful Girl " by Charlie Rich
Charlie Rich
(1973) * " Paper Roses " by Marie Osmond (1973) * " Rhinestone Cowboy " by Glen Campbell (1975) * " He Stopped Loving Her Today " by George Jones
George Jones
(1980) * " Slow Hand " by Conway Twitty
Conway Twitty
(1982) * The music of Ronnie Milsap
Ronnie Milsap
* "Lady ", " You Decorated My Life " and similar songs by Kenny Rogers * "When I Think About Cheatin\' " by Gretchen Wilson
Gretchen Wilson
(2004) *

SEE ALSO

* The Nashville A-Team * Nashville Sounds , a baseball team that borrows its name from the style

REFERENCES

* ^ Byworth, Tony, ed. (2006). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Country Music. London: Flame Tree Publishing. pp. 7, 115–117, 169. ISBN 978-1-84451-406-9 . * ^