Most narrow-gauge railways in Italy were built with Italian metre gauge, which is actually 950 mm (3 ft 1 3⁄8 in) because historically the Italian track gauge was defined from the centres of the rail instead of the internationally accepted method of measuring the gauge from the inside edges of the rails. Several metre-gauge lines were built in northern Italy.
123 km 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) gauge (123 km electrified); 1,290 km 950 mm (3 ft 1 3⁄8 in) gauge (151 km electrified); 231 km 850 mm (2 ft 9 15⁄32 in) gauge (2008)
1,200 mm (3 ft 11 1⁄4 in) narrow-gauge railways in Italy are:
The temporary Mont Cenis Railway (1868–1871) was 1,100 mm (3 ft 7 5⁄16 in) gauge.
Most in Southern Italy
In Calabria there is the Catanzaro Lido–Catanzaro–Cosenza line, with a branch to Camigliatello Silano, and two lines from Gioia Tauro. All are owned by Ferrovie della Calabria.
In Sardinia, a network of narrow-gauge lines (950 mm/3 ft 1 3⁄8 in) was built, to complement the standard-gauge main network which covered the main cities and ports. The lines were:
Of the lines which are still present, only
still carry regular passenger services, operated by Ferrovie della Sardegna (Railways of Sardinia). The others only operate a scenic tourist service known as Trenino Verde (little green train) In Sassari, the Sassari Tram-train links the railway station with the city centre.
In Sicily, the Ferrovia Circumetnea railway runs around the Mount Etna. Other 950 mm (3 ft 1 3⁄8 in) narrow-gauge lines of Ferrovie dello Stato operated, but are now closed. The last of which was the Castelvetrano–Porto Empedocle, closed in 1985.
Media related to Narrow gauge railways in Italy at Wikimedia Commons