Narconon International (commonly known as Narconon) is a Scientology
organization that promotes the theories of founder L. Ron Hubbard
regarding substance abuse treatment and addiction. Its parent company
Association for Better Living and Education (ABLE), which is
owned and controlled by the Church of Scientology.
Headquartered in Hollywood, California, U.S.,
several dozen residential centers worldwide, chiefly in the United
States and Western Europe. The organization was formed in 1966 by
Scientologist William Benitez with Hubbard's help. Benitez contacted
Hubbard after reading his book, Scientology: The Fundamentals of
Narconon was incorporated in 1970.
While both the Church of
Narconon state that Narconon
is a secular program, that it is independent of Scientology, and
that it provides legitimate drug education and rehabilitation,
Narconon has been described by many government reports and former
patients as a Church of
Scientology front group.
The program has garnered considerable controversy as a result of its
origins in Scientology and its methods. Its drug
rehabilitation treatment has been described as "medically unsafe",
"quackery" and "medical fraud", while academic and
medical experts have dismissed its educational program as containing
"factual errors in basic concepts such as physical and mental effects,
addiction and even spelling".
Hubbard's writings, which underlie the program, state that drugs and
their metabolites are stored in the body's fatty tissue, causing the
addict's cravings when partially released later on, and can be flushed
out through a regimen known as Purification Rundown, which involves
exercise, sauna and intake of high doses of vitamins. This
hypothesis is contradicted by experimental evidence, and is not
Narconon's facilities have been the location of several deaths, some
of which have been linked to a lack of trained medical personnel on
site. There are no independently recognized studies that confirm the
efficacy of the
1.2 21st century
Narconon and Scientology
Drug rehabilitation program
3.3 Training Routines
3.5 Studies on sauna detoxification program
4 Education program
4.3 United Kingdom
4.4 Cecchini/Lennox study
5.1 Jocelyne Dorfmann, Grancey-sur-Ource, France (1984)
5.2 Paride Ella and Giuseppe Tomba, Valsassina, Italy (1995)
5.3 Federica X, Torre dell'Orso, Italy (2002)
5.4 Patrick Desmond, Norcross, Georgia, United States (2008)
5.5 Deaths at
Narconon Arrowhead, Oklahoma, United States (2009-2012)
Narconon in Oklahoma
5.5.2 Kaysie Dianne Werninck
5.5.3 Gabriel Graves
5.5.4 Hillary Holten
5.5.5 Stacy Murphy
5.5.6 Public and media response
6.1 State code violations
6.2 Investigation in Russia
Trois-Rivières closed by
Quebec health authorities
6.4 Pur Detox suicide attempt
6.5 Arrest of Heber Jentzsch
6.6 Slatkin fraud
6.7 Head of
Narconon deported from Kazakhstan
6.8 Accusation of website graphics design/layout plagiarism
Narconon Georgia closed amid investigation for insurance fraud
Narconon in Nevada sued
9 National Association of Forensic Counselors lawsuit
10 Grand Jury in Oklahoma
11 Fort Collins Colorado
12 Spin-offs and related groups
Narconon and support from other religious groups
14 See also
16 External links
Narconon, with the
Scientology program, is another example of the
Dianetics and Scientology.
Scientology and It's (sic) Applications, 
L. Ron Hubbard, founder of Scientology, upon whose ideology the
Narconon program is based.
Narconon was established 19 February 1966 as a drug rehabilitation
program based on the book Scientology: The Fundamentals of Thought by
L. Ron Hubbard
L. Ron Hubbard and delivered to drug abusers in the
Prisons. The name "Narconon" originally referred not to an
organization but to the program.
Narconon's creator was William C. Benitez, a former inmate at Arizona
State Prison who had served time for narcotics offenses. His work
was supported by
Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard, and in 1972
Hubbard sponsored the incorporation of
Narconon as an
organization. It was co-founded by Benitez and two Scientologists,
Henning Heldt and Arthur Maren.
Narconon became established,
Scientology and Dianetics
were promoted as providing a cure for drug addiction. In 1970 the
Reverend John W. Elliot, senior minister of the Church of Scientology
and chairman of its Drug Abuse Prevention team, announced that
"Dianetic Counseling" had "completely cured 30 out of 30 people" who
came to the Church of
Scientology for help. Rev. Elliott also reported
Dianetics could cure hay fever, asthma and arthritis.
In the early days of Narconon, no distinction was made between
Scientology's 'religious' and 'secular' branches;
Scientologists to be an example of
action. "Narconon, with the
Scientology program, is another example of
the workability of
Dianetics and Scientology", said an adherent in
1970. "The program has been expanded and is used in all Scientology
churches and missions".
Narconon website reports that the keynote of
Narconon is that the
“…individual is responsible for his own condition and that anyone
can improve his condition if he is given a workable way to do so…
man is basically good and it is pain, suffering, and loss that lead
him astray.” It positions the program as an approach to
rehabilitation without recourse to alternative drugs. This early
program did not, however, deal directly with withdrawal symptoms. In
Narconon program adopted procedures to include drug-free
A number of celebrities have publicly attested that
helpful in their own lives. Musician
Nicky Hopkins and actress Kirstie
Alley have credited
Narconon for their recovery from addiction to
drugs and alcohol. Alley has since become a public spokesperson
for Narconon. The
New York Rescue Workers Detoxification Project has
used Hubbard's sauna detoxification regimen in an effort to improve
the health of rescue workers exposed to toxic substances from 9/11,
although the results are disputed. Toxicologist Dr Ronald
E. Gots described the
Purification Rundown program in a
1987 report on its use by
The treatment in
California preyed upon the fears of concerned
workers, but served no rational medical function. ... Moreover, the
program itself, developed not by physicians or scientists, but by the
founder of the Church of Scientology, has no recognized value in the
established medical and scientific community. It is quackery.
In 2004 and 2005, WISE at Work magazine and International Scientology
News each published articles clarifying the relationship between
Narconon and Scientology; each placed
Narconon in Scientology's
'Division 6B', with responsibility for introducing the public to
By the end of 2005, according to the International Association of
Narconon was operating 183 rehabilitation centers
around the world. New centers opened in that year included Hastings,
UK (now closed), and Stone Hawk, in Battle Creek, Michigan.
Narconon President Clark Carr asserted that drug prevention lectures
“have been given to over 2 million children and adults over several
decades..and are currently being delivered across the United States,
all New England States, Washington D.C., Georgia, Florida, Oklahoma
and surrounding states,
Michigan and Illinois, Texas, New Mexico,
Idaho, California, Nevada, Hawaii and possibly others” in response
to an inquiry from The Humanist.
On 17 July 2006,
(Three-Rivers) based in Canada, started a website at
narcodex.ca. Narcodex was a wiki purported to contain drug
information. The domain name of Narcodex.ca was owned by ABLE Canada,
an organization under Scientology. The funding for the website came
entirely from the
Narconon Trois-Rivieres, which also controlled the
content on the site. The center was closed by the local health
authorities in 2012.
In July 2013,
Narconon proposed to acquire the 150 acre Hockley,
Ontario estate of Donald Blenkarn, who had died the previous year.
Narconon planned to convert the estate into a drug and alcohol
rehabilitation center, but drew widespread opposition from residents
who were opposed to the presence of a rehab center, and to the
Scientology specifically. The Blenkarn
family ultimately chose to sell to an unidentified person within the
community for below the asking price, and rejected a counter-offer
In January 2014,
Narconon instituted a Hubbard-based detoxification
program in Annapolis to treat veterans suffering from Gulf war-related
conditions. The treatments were funded by the U.S. Department of
Defense through a September 2010 grant for $633,677 given to
University of Albany in New York State, where David O. Carpenter
serves as the director of the school’s institute for Health and the
Environment and the program’s chief investigator. As of December
2014, seven Gulf War veterans completed the program. It was
administered on a 7-day per week schedule, with the regimen being
completed in 33 days. The program’s purpose was to discover whether
Hubbard’s program has a scientific basis for therapy and whether it
was effective in reducing symptoms and improving the functional status
of Gulf War veterans whose physical pain and anxiety improved upon
completion of the program. Carpenter affirmed that the program was
effective in his own treatment.
Narconon and Scientology
Scientology front group,
Narconon has attracted protests from
Its affiliation with the Church of
Scientology has made Narconon
itself a focus of controversy. The organization has never denied
that many of its administrators are committed
Scientologists or that
its methods are based on the teachings of L. Ron Hubbard.
Front page of
Narconon News volume 6 issue 3,
Special Edition, 1974,
Narconon as starting people up Scientology's Bridge to Total
In its early days,
Narconon used unaltered
Scientology materials in
its courses, and
Scientology executives ran the organization (founders
Heldt and Maren were high-ranking members of the Church's
public-relations department known as the Guardian's Office).
In April 1970,
Scientology spokesman Max Prudente described Narconon
as, "Based solely on the philosophy and tenets of Scientology",
claiming an 85% success rate.
Narconon promoted its drug-treatment services to a variety
of governmental jurisdictions within the US, the organization
repeatedly found itself at the center of controversy when the
Scientology connection was raised by journalists or
The link with
Scientology raised questions about the constitutional
appropriateness of governmental bodies sponsoring a religiously
affiliated organization (see Lemon v. Kurtzman).
These problems were further intensified by claims that the treatment
program was medically unsound and numerous allegations that the
Narconon treatment program serves as a fundraising and recruitment
program for the Church of Scientology.
From 1964 to 1995, the Founding Church of
Scientology in Washington,
D.C.. The building was raided by the
FBI in July 1977.
By the late 1970s,
Scientology was keen to disavow its connection with
Narconon. When the
Scientology offices on 8 July 1977,
papers seized revealed that
Scientologists were instructed to refer to
Narconon and other "front groups" using code names:
Codes should be used for the names of front groups that we do not want
connected with the C of S and for anything that gives specific and
actual evidence that the C of S is in legal control of B6 groups [of
Narconon was one].
In the 1990s,
Narconon was at pains to deny all links to
Scientology; in 1994 John Wood, the head of Narconon
UK, denied any connection between
Narconon and Scientology, saying, "I
know beyond doubt that
Narconon does not recruit for nor promote the
Church of Scientology", despite the final stage in Narconon's process
for patients at that time being "Route to nearest Org (Scientology
organisation) for further services", but by 2001 Scientology
spokesman Graeme Wilson was describing
Narconon as Scientology's
A 1–5 March 1998
Boston Herald series exposed how two
Narconon and the World Literacy Crusade,
used anti-drug and learn-to-read programs to gain access to public
schools without disclosing their
Scientology ties. Heber Jentzsch,
president of the Church of
Scientology International, who said in an
interview that the
Purification Rundown saved his life, confirmed
after the Herald report was published that the church's Los Angeles
law firm had hired a private-investigative firm to investigate the
personal life of reporter Joseph Mallia, who wrote the series. The
Herald noted numerous other instances over the years where reporters
were harassed with "noisy investigations" after writing stories
Narconon employees describe themselves as 'FSM's, a
Scientology abbreviation for Field Staff Member, while in the U.S.
state of Georgia a memo released under court order showed Narconon
executive director Mary Rieser reporting directly to The Church of
Scientology's Office of
Special Affairs as well as to parent
Drug rehabilitation program
The treatment ... served no rational medical function. Moreover, the
program itself ... has no recognized value in the established medical
and scientific community. It is quackery.
— Toxicologist Dr Ronald E. Gots, 
Since its establishment,
Narconon has faced considerable controversy
over the safety and effectiveness of its rehabilitation methods and
the organization's links to the Church of Scientology. The medical
profession has been sharply critical of Narconon's methods, which rely
on theories of drug metabolism that are not supported by mainstream
Narconon teaches that drugs reside in
body fat, and remain there indefinitely; and that to recover from
drug abuse, addicts can remove the drugs from their fat through saunas
and use of vitamins. Medical experts disagree with this basic
understanding of physiology, saying that no significant amount of
drugs are stored in fat, and that drugs can't be "sweated out" as
Narconon claims. In one 2005 report scientific experts stated that
Narconon's treatment methods “does not reflect accurate, widely
accepted medical and scientific evidence."
Particular criticism has been directed at the therapy's use of
vitamins (including massive doses of niacin) and extended sauna
David Root, an occupational medicine practitioner and a member of the
Narconon Scientific Advisory Board, defended the program’s validity.
He told the San Francisco Chronicle in 1991 that drugs and other
poisons “come out through the skin in the form of sebaceous, or
fatty, sweat. The material is frequently visible and drips, or is
rubbed off on towels.” This apparently explains the need for
“daily doses of vitamins, minerals, and oils, including
The "New Life Program" consists of two principal stages:
'detoxification' and 'rehabilitation'. The "New Life Detoxification
Program", adapted from Hubbard's Purification Rundown, consists of six
elements: exercise, sauna, supplements, sufficient liquids, regular
diet with fresh vegetables, and adequate sleep.
Each U.S. patient spends an average of 3 to 4 months at Narconon, for
a fee that ranges from $10,000 to around $30,000.
There are more than 200 beds at
Narconon Arrowhead, according to John
Bitinas, who is part of the public relations staff for the facility.
Asked whether medications are used to help patients going through
withdrawal, he said that "
Narconon is drug-free, meaning we do not use
substitute drugs as part of our rehabilitation process." All patients
are assessed at enrollment to determine whether they are
"psychiatrically or medically qualified for the level of care we offer
here. If they are found to need a higher level of care then Narconon
is qualified to offer at that time, they are referred to a more
appropriate facility." If patients require medications to treat
physical conditions like diabetes, infections, and so on, those
medications are prescribed by the
Narconon physician, who is part-time
but available on-call on a 24-hour basis, according to Bitinas.
Human fat cells. Narconon's treatment is based on L. Ron Hubbard's
claim that drug residues are stored in fat cells for many years, and
that these residues can be 'flushed out' by saunas and high doses of
niacin. Medical science has shown this theory to be incorrect.
The detoxification program is based on Hubbard's theory that "small
amounts of drugs [and their metabolites] stored in fat are released at
a later time causing the person to re-experience the drug effect and
desire to use again." According to Narconon, exercise helps to
release toxins from body fat as fat deposits are burned for energy,
while concurrently releasing chemicals via sweating, sebum (produced
by the skin's sebaceous glands), and regular bowel movements.
Narconon is not a medical model. The
Narconon program rejects the
disease model of addiction, and its program literature has described
the terminology used by that model as being disempowering to
Narconon model is based on that idea that “when
given efficient and caring help to learn new personal life skills and
to raise his or her ability to solve personal problems, including
physical addiction, the recovering addict can achieve true, lasting
recovery.” It rejects the idea that addiction is an “incurable
disease,” attempting to demonstrate that “with the proper
rehabilitation and life skills education, an alcoholic or other drug
addict can in fact permanently recover from the disability of
Narconon treatment program follows the "social education" model of
drug rehabilitation. The program is four to six months long and
includes a regimen of detoxification that includes "aerobic exercise,
dry-sauna sweating, hydration and nutrition supplements; life skills
trainings; and personalized plans for after-graduation living." The
main premise of the detoxification regimen is that "the activation of
drug residuals stored in the body can elicit drug cravings in the
former drug user thus tempting relapse. The
regimen is designed to eliminate drug residues from drug users' bodies
and thus reduce the cravings that may be caused by these
Experts from mainstream medicine and toxicology have repeatedly argued
that Hubbard's method has no validity: "one may from a pharmacological
point of view strongly question the idea of using enforced sweating to
expel drugs from the body", says Professor Folke Sjoqvist in a 1996
report for the Swedish government, while an
Oklahoma Board of
Mental Health report from 1990 states that, "Although minute
quantities of some drugs may be found in sweat the amount represents a
small fraction of drug elimination".
In a deposition concerning the death of Patrick Desmond at Narconon
Georgia, expert witness Louis A. Casal was questioned by plaintiff’s
attorney Jeff Harris:
Harris: And the sauna program, what
Narconon contends is that in -- it
in fact detoxifies your body. True?
Harris: But there's no scientific basis that you can point me to to
support that contention, is there, sir?
Casal: You're correct.
Harris: So when
Narconon states that the sauna program detoxifies its
students, you're not aware, as a medical doctor, of any scientific
basis for that contention?
Casal: I agree.
Harris: The vitamin regimen. You're familiar with the vitamin regimen?
Casal: Yes, sir.
Harris: What -- do you have an opinion about whether or not the
vitamin regimen is effective at treating addiction?
Casal: I believe that it has very likely no bearing whatsoever on the
treatment of addiction.
Narconon asserts that methadone, amphetamines, methamphetamines,
morphine, copper, mercury, and other toxins, some consumed years
earlier, leave the body by means of sweating. This contrasts with the
view of the body's drug retention taken by mainstream science, which
has found that most recreational drugs leave the body within a few
days (with the exception of cannabis, which in the case of frequent
use can remain in the body for up to a month).
The structural formula of niacin - the molecule at the center of the
According to Narconon, vitamin and mineral supplements are needed to
address nutritional deficiencies and offset nutrient loss due to
sweating. Other key elements in the program are the use of niacin,
which Hubbard believed to increase free fatty acid mobilization, and
the inclusion of polyunsaturated fats that he thought to increase the
excretion rate of some toxin compounds. Together with a proper amount
of sleep, this regime is thought by
Narconon to mobilize and eliminate
long-term stored toxins.
Narconon's "drug bomb" includes a niacin dose of 4000 mg/day.
The risk to patients of taking high-dose niacin is one reason why
medical experts assessing the
Narconon program have found that it is a
danger to patients; the
Narconon program has been banned in a number
of jurisdictions including France and Quebec.
Narconon doctrines dictate that patients undergoing its
program exhibit physical symptoms relating to the drugs that are
(supposedly) being 'sweated out', and because Narconon's staff are not
medically qualified or typically qualified in orthodox drug
rehabilitation, there is a risk that serious medical symptoms - from
niacin overdose, or from other causes - may be misinterpreted by
Narconon staff as the desirable effects of detoxification:
Narconon Program exposes its patients to the risk of delayed
withdrawal phenomena such as seizures, delirium and/or hallucinations.
Narconon program presents a potential risk to the patients of
Narconon program that delayed withdrawal phenomena such as
seizures, delirium or hallucination that are occasionally seen several
days after cessation of drugs such as benzodiazepines, may be
misinterpreted by Narconon's non-medical staff as the effect of
mobilizing the drug from fat during the sauna sweat-out procedure
period. There is also a potential risk that the reported re-experience
of the abused drugs' effect during the sauna sweat-out program may be
the result of misinterpreted symptoms of hyperthermia or electrolyte
The remainder of the
Narconon course uses "Training Routines" or
"TRs" originally devised by Hubbard to teach communications skills
to Scientologists. In the
Narconon variant, these courses claim to
be designed to rehabilitate drug abusers. These training routines
sometimes include TR 8, which involves the individual commanding
an ashtray to "stand up" and "sit down", and thanking it for doing so,
as loudly as they can. Former
Scientologists say that the
purpose of the drill is for the individual to "beam" their "intention"
into the ashtray to make it move.
There is currently no reliable evidence for the effectiveness of
Narconon as a primary or secondary drug prevention program.
— Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services
Narconon typically claims success rates as high as 75% of the
graduates of the
Narconon program remaining drug-free for the rest of
their lives, and has in the past claimed "very close to a 100%
success rate". However, these numbers are highly controversial,
and there exist no independent studies that support these
Independent researchers have found considerably lower rates of
success. At least one website critical of
Narconon cites a Swedish
research study that gives a rate of 6.6%.
Narconon has reported
the same study's findings as being much more favorable, although its
representation of the study is greatly simplified.
The Church of
Scientology claims that "the
Narconon success rate is
not merely the world’s highest, it is four times better than
international averages", while a systematic review of evidence
regarding Narconon's efficacy conducted by the Norwegian Knowledge
Centre for the Health Services on behalf of the Norwegian Directorate
of Health concluded that:
Collectively, one quasi-experimental and five non-experimental studies
document lack of evidence of the preventive effects of these programs.
Thus, there is currently no reliable evidence for the effectiveness of
Narconon as a primary or secondary drug prevention program. This is
partly due to the insufficient research evidence about
partly due to the non-experimental nature of the few studies that
In April 2014, the town council of
Wyong refused permission for
Narconon to open a new centre at Yarramalong, New South Wales, saying
that Narconon's method of treatment was a factor in the decision.
Wyong Mayor Doug Eaton said:
To be allowed in the area it'd have to be defined as a hospital and
there wasn't enough material to demonstrate it could be so defined
because my understanding of the rehab process it that it is more of a
religious process than it is a medical process.
— Church of
Scientology drug rehab centre rejected, Australian
Studies on sauna detoxification program
A 2011 report by Gerald H Ross and Marie C Sternquist,
“Methamphetamine exposure and chronic illness in police officers”
showed significant improvement with Hubbard’s detoxification
sauna-based therapy. The report concludes that the investigation
suggests that “utilizing sauna and nutritional therapy may alleviate
chronic symptoms appearing after chemical exposures associated with
methamphetamine-related law enforcement activities.” 
Clearwater, Florida tried to get a
Narconon drug-education program installed into the Pinellas County
school district. After a hearing on the matter, a school-district
committee refused to allow students to participate in an anti-drug
program based on the teachings of
Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard,
citing that teaching students about the "tone scale" and other
Scientology was inappropriate for a drug-education
program for their schools.
Narconon offered an anti-drug program to public schools in
California, free of charge. A series of articles in the San Francisco
Chronicle on 9 and 10 June 2004, resulted in
officials investigating Narconon's claims. The study found that
Narconon's program did not reflect medically and scientifically based
practices and that it offered students misleading information about
drug use and abuse.
As a result of the investigation, on 23 February 2005, the state's
superintendent of public instruction, Jack O'Connell, officially
recommended that all schools in the state reject the Narconon
program. O'Connell's secretary announced that the school systems
Los Angeles and San Francisco had dropped the program. The
president of Narconon, Clark Carr, responded that the study presented
only limited information about his organization's work, and that those
efforts were "accurate and relevant to the current challenges children
face with drugs."
A May 2014 investigation by the San Francisco Chronicle discovered
California schools were still using the
Narconon program, in
spite of its 2004 rejection by the San Francisco Unified School
District. Steve Heilig, one of the experts who evaluated the Narconon
education program on behalf of the school district, finding it to be
scientifically unsound, urged schools to check the accreditation
of drug education programs before allowing them access to students,
saying "One imperative of drug education is that we not deceive
students, as once they discover that you are not telling them factual
information, they are likely to disbelieve everything you say".
The UK prisons ombudsman recommended to prison governors that Narconon
rehabilitation programs not be used in prisons although some schools
in the UK are using these programs; The
Sunday Times said this was
because schools are less aware of Narconon's links to the Church of
In September 2012, the 149 Church of England schools in the Diocese of
London were warned not to accept offers from
Narconon to give lectures
to their pupils, following complaints from parents.
On November 2016,
Narconon was reported to have given talks on the
dangers of drug addiction in two schools in Camden, London. Elizabeth
Kitcatt, Camden School for Girls headteacher, said in a statement that
the students found the talk “very useful,” while Harry Shapiro,
Director of DrugWise, called out the schools for being unaware to the
group’s ties to Scientology. A Brecknock Primary spokeswoman said:
“The school’s deputy head was in the room for the whole drug
awareness talk and at no point was there any mention of
any religious connotations. It was marketed as an anti-drug talk and
that’s exactly what it was.” President of
Narconon UK Noel Nile
claimed that the group was “in the business of saving lives” and
that their drug education initiatives were well-received by students
and teachers alike.
Narconon executive Marie Cecchini published, with Richard
Lennox, a paper that claimed to show that the
program reduced drug use among youths. However, the study was
funded by Narconon's parent organisation, ABLE, and
subsequent correspondence in the same journal asserted that the
study's conclusions were contradicted by its own data: that the
control group "were more likely to resist pressures to take drugs"
Jocelyne Dorfmann, Grancey-sur-Ource, France (1984)
In 1984, a 34-year-old French woman named Jocelyne Dorfmann died from
an untreated epilepsy crisis while undergoing treatment at a Narconon
Grancey-sur-Ource (near Dijon). The assistant-director of
that center was convicted of lack of assistance to a person in
danger and the
Narconon center was closed.
Medical experts reported that her death was caused by "an epileptic
seizure due to the absence of sufficient treatment at its beginning
and of emergency treatment during the seizure".
Narconon staff failed
to call for medical assistance, as a result of which Dorfmann
Paride Ella and Giuseppe Tomba, Valsassina, Italy (1995)
In 1995, two young men, Paride Ella (22) and Giuseppe Tomba (26) died
suddenly at the
Narconon centre in Taceno, Valsassina. Paride Ella
died of acute kidney failure (symptoms consistent with a niacin
overdose), while the recorded cause of death for Giuseppe Tomba was
Both patients suffered similar symptoms, vomiting and diarrhea, for
days before their deaths. The young men died within a few days of one
another, in the so-called 'detoxification' (ultra-high doses of niacin
and other vitamins, multi-hour saunas) stage of the
Narconon centre had no medical staff and was unable - in either
case - to diagnose the seriousness of their condition. Before the
deaths, the village's mayor had asked for the
Narconon centre to be
Federica X, Torre dell'Orso, Italy (2002)
In Italy, a 33-year-old Italian female patient of the
in Torre dell'Orso died under similar conditions in 2002.
Federica died from peritonitis, according to her autopsy. She first
began to suffer from stomach pains on Monday 7 October 2002, and was
driven to the first aid station at Meledugno, where she was given
painkillers. She was driven to hospital the following evening, where
she died soon after being admitted in a coma.
Narconon patient Giovanni Costa later stabbed staff member Rodolfo
Savino, whom Costa claimed had ignored Federica's symptoms, and given
her insufficient medical aid. Costa was arrested and charged with
Patrick Desmond, Norcross, Georgia, United States (2008)
Patrick W. "Ricko" Desmond, a former member of the US Marine Corps,
Narconon Georgia on 11 June 2008, aged 28, from a heroin
His family alleged wrongful death and filed a lawsuit against
Narconon, claiming that Narconon's actions led to his death, and that
Narconon falsely claimed to be a licensed inpatient
Atlanta's Channel 2 News said that:
The evidence includes documents with Narconon's letterhead with the
word "outpatient" when reporting Patrick's death to state
investigators, but letterhead on letters sent to
omitted the word "outpatient".
Desmond's family paid
Narconon $30,000 for his treatment. Narconon
Georgia director Mary Rieser commented to a reporter:
There's things that people do to themselves. Of course it's
The lawsuit between
Narconon Of Georgia and the Desmond family was
settled 'out of court' in February 2013, three days before jury
selection was scheduled to begin.
The settlement followed harsh sanctions against
Narconon by the trial
judge Stacey K. Hydrick, who said in a court order that
Intentionally, willfully and repeatedly provided false and misleading
responses to plaintiff’s discovery requests regarding issues
relevant to the resolution of this case
and that it had:
Repeatedly failed to produce, and on multiple occasions falsely denied
the existence of clearly relevant, responsive documents and
Judge Hydrick withdrew Narconon's response to the Desmond family's
allegations, meaning that if the case had not been settled then the
Desmond family's claims would essentially have gone unopposed by
Narconon International denied that it had any connection with Narconon
of Georgia, although documents disclosed in the Patrick case
Narconon Georgia's executive director Mary Rieser reported
Narconon International, to the Church of Scientology's Office of
Special Affairs, and to ABLE (
Narconon International's parent
corporation), describing in her reports the evening of
On June 10th 2008 a student was watching a basketball game late in the
evening with Brad in his apartment. They consumed tequila and the
student gained access to his cash which was supposed to be locked in
that apartment. A sad thing happened later in the evening. Two days
later we tested Brad and he was dirty for methadone, PCP, cocaine and
— Mary Rieser, "Things That Shouldn't Be", 14 August 2008, Estate
of Patrick Desmond v
Narconon of Georgia et al)
Narconon Arrowhead, Oklahoma, United States
In August 2012, Pittsburg County sheriffs and the Oklahoma
Department of Mental Health, along with the
Oklahoma State Bureau of
Investigation began an investigation of deaths at Narconon's
Arrowhead facility, following the deaths of three patients in a period
of nine months.
The investigation includes the recent deaths of four patients: Stacy
Dawn Murphy, aged 20, who died at
Narconon Arrowhead on 19 July 2012;
Hillary Holten, 21, who was found dead at the facility on 11 April
2012; 32-year-old Gabriel Graves, who died there on 26 October 2011;
and 28-year-old Kaysie Dianne Werninck, also a patient at Narconon
Arrowhead, who was found dead on 3 March 2009.
Following media attention surrounding the deaths, the National
Association of Forensic Counselors permanently revoked the Certified
Chemical Dependency Counseling certification of several Narconon
Arrowhead employees including director Gary Smith, and in August
Oklahoma Department of Mental Health Substance Abuse Services
permanently revoked the facility's permit for medical detoxification
Narconon had exhausted all avenues for protesting the
In August 2013, Inspector General Kim Poff, and investigator Michael
DeLong, of the
Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance
Abuse, who had been investigating the deaths that had taken place at
Narconon, had their employment terminated. No reason was given for the
termination, but the investigators' attorney claimed (after the
termination of their employment) that the two were wrongfully fired,
saying: "Their termination, in part, relates to the Narconon
Narconon in Oklahoma
Something's terribly wrong there. We sent her there to get better, not
— Robert Murphy, father of deceased Stacy Dawn Murphy, 
Narconon's first presence in the state of
Oklahoma was at the Chilocco
Indian Agricultural School, near Newkirk.
Narconon made the argument
that operating on an
Indian Reservation obviated the need for a state
Narconon began operations in
Oklahoma in 1990, as an unlicensed
facility on the site of the
Chilocco Indian Agricultural School
Chilocco Indian Agricultural School near
the town of Newkirk, claiming that it did not require a state
licence, as it was operating on an Indian reservation. In 1992 it
applied for a state licence, and was twice refused by the Oklahoma
Mental Health Department, which found "no evidence that drug and
alcohol abuse education was part of the program" and declared the
program "not medically safe", a decision to which Narconon
spokesperson Kirstie Alley responded, "The arrogance and
irresponsibility of the mental health board will not survive the
outrage of the many thousands of parents, graduates and supporters
from the scientific community".
During the period 1989-1992,
Tim Bowles) filed lawsuits against the
Oklahoma Board of Mental Health
and Substance Abuse, its members, and local newspaper
editor Robert Lobsinger (who had written about Narconon's Scientology
Narconon contacted the Mayor of Newkirk's
12-year-old son at a library, and hired a private detective firm
to research Narconon's opponents, leading residents to fear
retribution if they spoke out against Narconon.
Narconon spokesman quoted by
The New York Times
The New York Times described Narconon's
critics in Newkirk as "in favor of drug abuse… They're either
connected to selling drugs or they're using drugs."
Narconon Arrowhead, Oklahoma, where various law enforcement agencies
are investigating recent deaths.
Narconon achieved exemption from the requirement for state licensing
in 1992, as a result of approval from the Commission on
Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities.
Scientology leader David
Miscavige commented on the case in an interview with ABC News
Nightline, saying, "There are a group of people on this planet who
find us to be a threat to their existence, and they will do everything
in their power to stop us. And that is the mental health field. I
didn't pick a war with them."
In 2012, a paid advert in the
Oklahoma Gazette contained allegations
from a previously unknown group named "Oklahomans for the preservation
of homeland security and american values, (ohsav)" [sic]. The advert
referred to recent TV news stories about
Narconon and Scientology,
named some of Narconon's critics in Oklahoma, and alleged those
critics had "subjugated [their] individuality for [their] own thirst
for hatred", had an "agenda of religious intolerance, racial
discrimination or disdain for corporate America", and blamed them for
"public disinformation hate campaigns against Blacks, Jews, Muslims
and Scientologists". The advertisement showed the characteristics
Scientology "DA flier".
Kaysie Dianne Werninck
The parents of Kaysie Dianne Werninck, who died at
on 3 March 2009, filed a lawsuit against the center claiming her death
was "a result of the defendant's [Narconon's] gross negligence". The
case was settled.
Gabriel Graves, who died at the facility in October 2011, was the
subject of an open records request made to the
Department of Mental Health by the
Tulsa World newspaper, which
revealed reports of use and distribution of drugs at the centre. His
autopsy recorded his cause of death as 'unknown'.
Hillary Holten, whose parents filed a lawsuit against Narconon
Arrowhead, is alleged by her parents to have died due to lack of
medical care. Their lawsuit states that she "had a history of
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia, a condition that required the daily
Dexamethasone and in extreme circumstances, an
injection of liquid cortisone", and that
Narconon Arrowhead did not
properly manage her medical condition. Gary Smith of Narconon
refrained from comment, adding that "there are federal rights to
privacy laws which prohibit us from discussing anything about former
Stacy Murphy's father said
Narconon officials told him that when his
daughter was found dead alone in the 'detox' room, she had not been
checked on for two and a half hours. "That's too long, if they thought
she was overdosed, why didn't they have someone with her the whole
time?" he said, adding "We sent her there to get better, not to
die". Gary Smith, director of the facility, responded in an email
statement that, "It is always deeply saddening when drug addiction
takes a life or destroys a family. ... For the family the pain of
losing a loved one to addiction is unimaginable."
A patient who was resident at
Narconon Arrowhead at the time of
Stacy's death said, "There was no doctor there, no nurse on
staff. There's nothing like that there ... The staff, they're all
former patients. ... My understanding is that everyone there is pretty
much a former patient. ... The drugs that would have saved Stacy's
life were either not available or no one there knew how to administer
it." Now he fears retaliation for talking to the police and media:
"I'm afraid for my life."
Stacy's roommate, Destanie Ramsey, called police on the night of
Stacy's death in order to leave
Narconon Arrowhead, where she said she
was being held against her will.
Public and media response
Protests over the deaths have taken place outside the
on 23/24 June 2012, a protest, planned to include bereaved family
members, was disrupted by road resurfacing works outside the facility,
paid for by Narconon. Pittsburg County Commission Chairman Gene Rogers
explained that, "He (Gary Smith) called me and said they might be
having a problem with the public that weekend and he wanted help
policing the area and he asked about doing overlaying (of the
Oklahoma State Senator
Tom Ivester commented that, "Clearly something
isn’t right and we have a moral obligation to do everything in our
power to end this predatory business being run by the Church of
Scientology disguised as drug treatment", adding, "This is a
disgusting business that preys on desperate family members and their
sick loved ones, scamming them out of thousands of dollars with the
promise of providing hope and new life. It’s a disgrace to have
these people operating in the state of Oklahoma." In direct
response to the Arrowhead deaths, Ivestor introduced legislation to
expand Oklahoma's ability to regulate rehab facilities.
In response to an
Rock Center news report on the facility,
Narconon President Clark Carr called its criticism of Narconon
"bigoted", and described
Narconon as addicts' "last chance for a
decent, honest, drug-free life".
State code violations
Narconon facilities in
California were cited repeatedly for violations
by state inspectors. Violations included administering medication
without authorization, having alcohol on the facility, and not having
proper bedding for clients.
Narconon has also attempted to silence
opposition, including sending letters to neighbors of a proposed
facility in Leona Valley,
California threatening legal action for
criticism. Residents of the Leona Valley were concerned that Narconon
would increase crime. The local town council recommended an
eight-foot security fence and independent security, which was objected
Narconon Arrowhead-  National Association of Forensic
Counselors President Karla Taylor told The McAlester News-Capital that
CEO Gary Smith and the employee's certificates were revoked earlier
this month. Taylor said she can't say why the certificates were
In Clearwater, Florida, an endorsement from the
Los Angeles County
Department of Public Social Services, which
Narconon submitted in
support of its application for a state license to conduct anti-drug
educational programs, was found to be a forgery.
Investigation in Russia
In April 2007, it was revealed that Moscow's South District office of
public procurator had begun an investigation into Narconon's
activities in Russia. The Moskovsky Komsomolets daily paper reported
that legal proceedings were begun against the head of the clinic
"Narconon-Standard", for violating bans in Russian medical practices.
Russian law enforcement became interested after receiving many
complaints from citizens about the high fees charged by Narconon. The
Narconon office in Bolshaya Tulskaya St., Moscow was searched, and
documents and unidentified medications were seized.
In April 2008, as part of an investigation in
Ulyanovsk into the
Church of Scientology, police searched a
Narconon office in the town
Trois-Rivières closed by
Quebec health authorities
[Narconon] may represent a risk to health
— Health and Social Services Agency,
On 17 April 2012,
Quebec health officials ordered the
Trois-Rivières to close, and relocate its 32 residents. After an
Narconon Trois-Rivières' activities by the Centre
Québécois d’Agrément (an independent body that monitors the
quality of healthcare), the
Mauricie Region's Health and Social
Services Agency decided not to re-certify
Narconon because of their
concerns that its methods "may represent a risk to health" of
The Agency's director, Marc Latour, said that
was dangerous for patients, that it violated many of the criteria
governing rehabilitation centres in Quebec, and that there was no
medical supervision and no scientific basis to its treatment. He added
that at least four clients had been hospitalized in recent months
because of methods used at the centre.
Trois-Rivières issued a response, saying, "People with drug
problems and their families should have a right to choose the program
that works for them as these days there are many good alternative
The closure follows a 2-year campaign by ex-
Narconon patient and staff
member David Love, whose negative experiences at
Narconon prompted him
to become one of its fiercest critics in Canada. While he was at
Narconon Trois-Rivieres, Love reports that,
staff members withheld insulin from a diabetic patient undergoing the
sauna treatment. That young man ended up in hospital for three days,
Love said. In another [incident], it [Narconon] took away a patient's
antidepressants. He jumped from a second-floor window in a suicide
Before the centre's closure,
Narconon had alleged that Love's
allegations were fictitious and that he had been bribed to make them;
Andre Ahern, Director of Legal Affairs for
It strikes me most strange that Love is now attacking the very group
[Narconon] that per his earlier statements saved his life. He changed
his mind, apparently, after he began receiving payments from members
of the Anonymous network.
Love is one of five former
Narconon patients who have filed a
complaint with Quebec's Human Rights Commission, alleging that their
drug addiction was exploited by Narconon, in recruiting them into the
program and making them do manual labour while taking part in it. Love
also alleges that
Narconon Trois-Rivieres earned around $16 million
Scientology between its opening in 2005 and its forced closure in
Narconon president Clark Carr stated that the facility closed because
the province changed its stance on “what kind of drug rehabilitation
it would tolerate” to “strictly medical, drug substitution, and so
Narconon was informed that it had to re-acquire a license,
but would only be approved if its method of treatment was
Pur Detox suicide attempt
In September 2012, Pur Detox, a
Narconon offshoot, was sued in Orange
California for negligence, medical malpractice, and negligent
William Sweeney, the plaintiff, "suffered severe personal injuries"
after a suicide attempt, jumping from a third floor balcony at the
clinic, in Dana Point, California.
Sweeney's complaint alleges that he was taken off his prescribed
psychiatric medication at the facility, and that it was this which led
to his suicide attempt.
Arrest of Heber Jentzsch
In December 1988, the president of the Church of Scientology, Heber
Jentzsch, was arrested in Spain after an investigation into Narconon
that resulted in (later dropped) allegations that he and the Church of
Scientology were defrauding Spanish citizens and running its centers
with unqualified staff. The judge in the case said at a news
conference after the arrests that the only god of the church of
Scientology is money, and he compared the church to a pyramid scheme
in which members pay increasing sums of money. He said that Narconon
swindled its clients and lured them into Scientology. In 1989, 75
Scientologists in Italy were arrested and an investigation showed that
"parents of drug addicts were paying heavy monthly fees to Narconon,
which advertised itself as a drug rehabilitation and cure center, but
getting nothing in return." By the end of 1991 the court found
there was no evidence to support prosecutors’ allegations that drug
rehabilitation and other programs sponsored by the Church of
Scientology in Spain amounted to illicit gathering aimed at activities
such as bilking people of money. In April 2002, the charge was
formally dropped. The court also ordered that the bail bond deposited
for his release in 1988 be returned to the Church along with interest,
which nearly doubled the original amount.
On 8 November 2006, the
Associated Press reported that
one of the
Scientology groups that would pay back a total of 3.5
million dollars of illegal funds from
EarthLink co-founder Reed
Slatkin, who was once an ordained
Scientology minister, paid $1.7
million from his scheme directly to
Scientology groups, while millions
of dollars more were funneled through other investors to groups
affiliated with the church, bankruptcy trustee R. Todd Neilson said in
court filings. Among the church groups to receive ill-gotten gains
from Slatkin's scheme were
Narconon International, the Church of
Celebrity Centre International and the Church of
Scientology Western United States, the filings said. The $3.5 million
being returned by the church groups was the result of a negotiated
Scientology attorney David Schindler and Alexander Pilmer,
an attorney for Neilson, said.
Narconon deported from Kazakhstan
In July 2008, the head of
Kazakhstan was deported: Kazakh
Zagipa Baliyeva announced that "foreigners from the
USA, Georgia, South Korea and Japan have been deported from the
country by law-enforcement agencies and in line with court rulings for
violating the rules regarding the stay of foreigners and carrying out
missionary activities without registration. In particular, with a
further ban on entering
Kazakhstan for five years, the head of the
Narconon public foundation affiliated with the Church of Scientology
has been deported," adding, "27 cases were uncovered where heads of
non-traditional religious organizations violated the law on the
freedom of conscience and religious organizations; in particular,
materials propagating radical ideas and teachings of non-traditional
religions were seized from them".
Accusation of website graphics design/layout plagiarism
In January 2001,
Narconon came under fire when they appeared to copy
the entire layout and site design of the webzine Urban75.com for their
websites heroinaddiction.com and cocaineaddiction.com, among
others. The editor of
Urban75 posted up comparisons of the
copying, showing that
Narconon had not even removed Urban75s hidden
The Register noted the irony
of this scandal, quoting a critic who wrote, "
Scientology has sued
countless individuals and organizations putatively [sic] for
'copyright violation' and the organization claims loudly that they're
at the 'forefront of protecting proprietary information on the
Narconon Georgia closed amid investigation for insurance fraud
In April 2013, agents of the insurance commissioner of Georgia and the
Gwinnett County, Georgia
Gwinnett County, Georgia District attorney's office searched the
group's offices in Norcross, Georgia, questioning employees as they
arrived at work and impounding more than a dozen computers and boxes
full of documents. The state Insurance Commissioner said during
the investigation that "We have credible information that indicates
that insurance fraud is taking place with Narconon".
The family of one patient said that the group was billing insurance
companies for treatments that had never been given, and the doctors
for whom the costs were being billed claimed never to have met the
State investigators discovered nearly $3 million of insurance fraud at
Narconon Georgia; in September 2013, the facility surrendered its
state license in order to avoid criminal charges.
In March 2014, attorney Ryan Hamilton filed two civil lawsuits with
the State of California.
The first civil lawsuit was filed on behalf of Angelo Amato of
Illinois who purchased Narconon's
Purification Rundown at the
Scientology facility known as
Narconon Fresh Start (a.k.a. Sunshine
Summit Lodge) In Warner Springs, California, after Amato searched
the Internet for drug treatment facilities and believed allegedly
fraudulent claims by
Scientology that purported to be from an
"independent consultant" web site. Amato claims to have been defrauded
of $31,000 and began the
Narconon program only to discover that it was
Scientology being practiced, alleging that no actual drug
treatment was offered at the facility.
The second civil lawsuit was filed on behalf of plaintiffs Christie
Estrada and Branden Chavez of New Mexico who also researched "drug
treatment facilities" on the Internet and were allegedly deceived by
Narconon Fresh Start in to paying $33,000 before Scientology's
Purification Rundown process could be applied, with
Start allegedly asking for $23,000 of that fee up front in cash. The
defendants in this case are also
Narconon Fresh Start.
The core plaintiff complaints cover a spectrum of allegations of
criminal misconduct by
Scientology that include insurance fraud,
Narconon is Scientology, fraudulent claims that Narconon
staff were medically trained in drug treatment, and a number of other
Narconon in Nevada sued
In February 2014, attorney Ryan Hamilton filed an additional civil
lawsuit with the State of Nevada.
Michael Tarr, a former heroin addict and
Narconon client, and his
mother Cathy, who borrowed the money to pay
Narconon for his
Narconon Fresh Start (doing business as Rainbow
Canyon Retreat) for fraud, breach of contract and
negligence. The Tarrs claimed that while resident at
Narconon, Michael Tarr did not receive detoxification treatment but
rather indoctrination into Scientology, and asked the court to award
them punitive damages as well as a refund of Narconon's $33,000 fees
and their legal expenses.
The Tarr plaintiff's civil lawsuit followed closely behind a previous
civil lawsuit filed by Hamilton on behalf of David, Stacy, and Jack
Welch of Texas who also allege that
Narconon Fresh Start committed
breach of contract, fraud, and negligence.
In April 2014, Hamilton filed another lawsuit against
this time on behalf of Harry and Lauren Geanacopulos and their son
Peter. The Geanacopulos family's complaint argues that Narconon's
programme content and success rate were misrepresented to them and
that it has no genuine medical or scientific basis.
Hamilton claimed to possess a
Narconon internal document showing that
Narconon was used as a "bridge" to introduce clients to
National Association of Forensic Counselors lawsuit
In May 2014, the National Association of Forensic Counselors (NAFC)
filed a lawsuit in Oklahoma, naming Narconon, the Church of
Scientology and 80 other defendants. The NAFC is a body
that provides certification to drug abuse counsellors. The filing
sought an injunction to prevent
Narconon from using the NAFC's
trademarks, certifications or logos - it also sought punitive
The filing alleged that
Narconon and the other defendants conspired
willfully misuse the NAFC logos and trademarks and falsified
certifications supposedly obtained through the NAFC or the ACCFC to
misrepresent the credentials of their employees and volunteers to
going on to claim that Narconon:
willfully misused (and continues to misuse)
Plaintiff NAFC’s logos,
trademarks and false certifications to further the goals and purposes
of the Church of
Scientology International. Specifically, Plaintiffs
claim that the misuse was calculated to increase the credibility of
Narconon Treatment Centers and the affiliated counselors, and to
expand the reach and profitability of the Church of Scientology
International to Plaintiffs’ detriment
Grand Jury in Oklahoma
On 05/Jun/14 one-time
Narconon employee Eric Tenorio was issued a
subpoena to appear before a multi-county Grand Jury in the State
Oklahoma that is investigating alleged insurance fraud and credit
card fraud being committed at the “
Narconon Arrowhead” facility
Scientology calls “the premiere drug rehabilitation facility in
Oklahoma.” The Grand Jury is empowered to hand down State and
Federal criminal indictments and to subpoena current and previous
employees, agents, and operators of the facility.
The Grand Jury investigation of Scientology's
facility came shortly after Tenorino filed documentation with the
Oklahoma and with the National Association of Forensic
Counselors  that also investigated the claims being made by
Scientology on their web sites that resulted in NAFC filing their own
civil lawsuits against 82 named defendants working for Narconon.
Fort Collins Colorado
Scientology facility operating under the name "A Life Worth
Living" there have been numerous law enforcement call-outs, medical
emergencies, and other related requests for emergency services
reported under a Freedom of Information Act request that has been made
available to the public on the Scribd document server that
details numerous recorded incidents of
Scientology operatives refusing
to allow customers to leave, refusing to return their property, and
numerous incidents of customers making 911 calls to the police that
are interrupted by
Spin-offs and related groups
Stall for 'The Truth About Drugs', one of the names under which
Scientology market their programs.
Narconon also market and operates
Narconon facilities under other
names, partly to hide they are part of Scientology. There are
also other Scientology-affiliated drug rehabilitation groups that are
based on the Purification rundown.
Blue By The Sea at Emerald Coast, Florida, is the name of the former
Narconon Gulf Coast.
Drug Free Ambassadors is a
Narconon program targeting schools and
Fresh Start is a pseudonym sometimes used by Narconon's centre in
Get Off Drugs Naturally is a business name for the Australian
Israel Says No to Drugs is a Scientology-affiliated organization based
Pur Detox (also Pür Detox with an umlaut) is a Scientology-affiliated
clinic in Dana Point, California. The clinic has come under
scrutiny due to a lawsuit by one of the former patients.
Rainbow Canyon Rehabilitation Center, Rainbow Canyon Retreat or just
Rainbow Canyon is the name of a
Narconon center in Caliente,
Say No to Drugs Say Yes To Life or Yes to Life, No to Drugs is a front
Narconon and Scientology, organizing races and street
festivals to support Narconon.
Sober Living in Orange County is the purification rundown operated at
the Orange County
Scientology Org itself.
Suncoast Rehabilitation Center is a trade name or subsidiary of
Narconon Spring Hill Inc., California. The center has come under
scrutiny from the local authorities for their patient housing.
The nearby Novus Medical Detox Center, while not directly affiliated
to Scientology, is operated by the landlord of the Suncoast
Teen-anon or Streetcats is a
Narconon program at the
The Truth About Drugs and
Foundation for a Drug-Free World
Foundation for a Drug-Free World are slogans
Narconon advertise their programs while
Though not directly linked to Narconon, the New York Rescue Workers
Detoxification Project and
Second Chance Program
Second Chance Program are both
Scientology-affiliated and also use the Purification
Narconon and support from other religious groups
Scientology religious figures that have voiced support for
Narconon have included
Reverend Charles Kennedy of The Glorious Church
of God in Christ, Imam Wilmore Sadiki, James Mclaughlin of the Wayman
Chapel, Baptist pastor Alfreddie Johnson,
Reverend Catherine Bego of
the Word Evangelism Ministry, and Tony Muhammad of the Nation of
Narconon website also mentions funding from more traditional
churches, apart from civic volunteer organizations, corporations,
foundations and volunteer agencies.
Los Angeles portal
Clear Body, Clear Mind
New York Rescue Workers
Second Chance Program
Association for Better Living and Education
^ Phillip Charles Lucas; Thomas Robbins, eds. (2004). New Religious
Movements in the Twenty-First Century: Legal, Political, and Social
Challenges in Global Perspective. Routledge. p. 376.
ISBN 9781135889012. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
Narconon of Oklahoma, Inc Credentials". Retrieved 20 March
^ "10 News Investigators: Is the
Narconon drug treatment program a
Scientology front?". Archived from the original on 20 March 2014.
Retrieved 20 March 2014.
^ Duff, John S.; Clark Carr (1996-09-21). "Healing drug and alcohol
addiction in the family". New York Amsterdam News. p. 24.
access-date= requires url= (help)
Narconon International Contact Info". Narconon. Retrieved 25
December 2010. , "
Narconon International 4652
Hollywood, CA 90027."
^ Reitman, Janet (2011). "The Celebrity Strategy". Inside Scientology.
Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 257. ISBN 0618883029. The use
of social reform groups to spread L. Ron Hubbard's ideas had long been
an integral part of Scientology, and was in fact one of the original
objectives of the Guardian's Office. Since the late 1960s, the church
has disseminated its philosophy through a number of organizations with
hidden ties to Scientology, notably Narconon, a program that treats
drug addiction and promotes Hubbard's holistic detoxification regimen,
the Purification Rundown.
^ Rachel Mendleson (Sep 2, 2013). "
Narconon meets fierce opposition in
Toronto Star Newspapers. Retrieved 20 March
^ Bromley, David G. (1999). "Scientology, Church of". In Wade Clark
Roof. Contemporary American Religion. 2. New York: Macmillan Reference
USA. pp. 648–650. access-date= requires url= (help)
Narconon and Scientology". Retrieved 24 October 2013.
^ a b c "
Narconon Program" (PDF). Westlake Post.
30 April 1970. "The conference presented current programs effective in
alleviating drug problems. No program which employs drug or electric
shock therapy was presented, as it has been discovered that groups
which condone these techniques have only been pretending to be
effective in drug rehabilitation", said Max Prudente, Scientology
spokesman. ... "Based solely on the philosophy and tenets of
Scientology, the applied religious philosophy, this program has
achieved new and dramatic breakthroughs in the field of drug
rehabilitation. Its nearly 85% success ratio has earned high praise
from Governors, state and federal officials and correction authorities
across the U.S., " Prudente said.
^ "Drugs charity is front for 'dangerous' organisation; Insight;
Focus". Sunday Times. 7 January 2007. Retrieved 20 March 2014.
Narconon's international website claims: "The ministry of health in
England (sic) has also directly funded
rehabilitation." But the Department of Health denies any knowledge of
this. ... Professor Stephen Kent, a Canadian academic who is an
authority on Scientology, said: "The connection between
Scientology is solid. Of course,
Scientology tries to get
Scientologists involved in the programme, but the engine behind
the programme is Scientology." ... The British government expressed
Narconon as long as eight years ago. A 1998 memo from
the Home Office's drug strategy unit warned that the charity had its
"roots in the Church of
Scientology and (is) not in the mainstream of
drug rehabilitation". Tower Hamlets council in east London advises its
schools against using Narconon. DrugScope, one of the UK's main drug
charities, said: "We feel that the quality of Narconon's information
is not objective and non-judgmental. It does not have any
credibility." Stephen Shaw, the prisons ombudsman, advised that
inmates in British jails should not receive drug education from
Narconon because it is so "closely associated with the Church of
^ Malcolm Knox (September 2009). "Only Itself to Blame: The Church of
Scientology". The Monthly. Retrieved 14 September 2012. Though a
master in using the media and the courts to protect and project its
Scientology has not always been so ostentatious in its
proselytising. The church is an umbrella for subsidiary groups, such
as ... Narconon... these groups have been criticised for appearing at
Australian schools, community open days, and even having police
distribute their material, without declaring their Scientology
background. In January 2007, NSW police withdrew anti-drug pamphlets
from stations in the Hunter region when it was discovered they were
provided by Scientologists. ... Drug Free Ambassadors were handing out
their pamphlets on the Gold Coast last ‘schoolies’ week’
^ Behar, Richard (May 6, 1991). "Scientology: The Thriving Cult of
Greed and Power". Time. Retrieved 2014-03-20. DRUG TREATMENT.
Hubbard's purification treatments are the mainstay of Narconon, a
Scientology-run chain of 33 alcohol and drug rehabilitation centers --
some in prisons under the name "Criminon" -- in 12 countries.
Narconon, a classic vehicle for drawing addicts into the cult, now
plans to open what it calls the world's largest treatment center, a
1,400-bed facility on an
Indian reservation near Newkirk, Okla. (pop.
2,400). At a 1989 ceremony in Newkirk, the Association for Better
Living and Education presented
Narconon a check for $200,000 and a
study praising its work. The association turned out to be part of
Scientology itself. Today the town is battling to keep out the cult,
which has fought back through such tactics as sending private
detectives to snoop on the mayor and the local newspaper
^ "What Germans think about their Narconon". Der Spiegel. 21 October
1991. Retrieved 20 March 2014. The enterprising
increases its profits thanks to the misery of addicts. The cover
organization, Narconon, offers drug rehabilitation therapy that, in
the opinion of experts and doctors in the field, is not only useless
but also dangerous. ...
Narconon closely follows the motto of the
Scientology sect's founder, Lafayette Ron Hubbard, who died in 1986 at
the age of 74. The discoverer of this pseudo-scientific hocus pocus,
gave this advice: Make money, make more money, make other people make
money. The disciples at
Narconon follow this order. It is officially
an independent subsidiary of Scientology. The
developed countless supposedly humanitarian initiatives around their
church. One example is the commission for the violations of psychiatry
against human rights. Another is the organization for the furthering
of religious tolerance and interhuman relations. In fact all these
activities, like the drug rehabilitation program, are only to further
the fame and increase the paying followers of the sect.
^ "The Four Basic Social Programs". The Hawaiian-American. 17 December
1975. Retrieved 6 September 2012. We talked with Rev. Diana Harris,
Pastor of the Church of
Scientology of Hawaii ... and she gave us a
complete background on the church's social programs for those in need
in our community. ... Another community program the church offers is
Narconon - a program designed to assist persons to get off drugs and
to keep off drugs. The program was utilized in Oahu State Prison for a
while and enjoyed a very high rate of success, according to Pastor
Harris. They [Scientology] have been asked to consider re-introducing
the program to the prison at a later date.
^ "NARCONON to give awards". The Phoenix Gazette. 19 May 1970.
Retrieved 6 September 2012. General information regarding the
technology of Scientology, upon which NARCONON is based, can be
secured from the Institute of Applied Philosophy
^ Farley, Robert (30 March 2003). "Detox center seeks acceptance". St
Petersburg Times. When
Narconon opened its Chilocco facility in 1991,
Oklahoma Board of Mental Health issued a blistering assessment in
denying its application for certification. "There is no credible
evidence establishing the effectiveness of the
Narconon program to its
patients," the board concluded. It attacked the program as medically
unsafe; dismissed the sauna program as unproven; and criticized
Narconon for inappropriately taking some patients off prescribed
^ Kyle Smith (20 April 2007). "DON'T BE TRICKED BY $CI-FI
TOM-FOOLERY". New York Post. Retrieved 20 March 2014. Those who want a
tan from his celebrity glow will urge a fair hearing for his quackery.
Obscure City Councilman Hiram Monserrate suddenly finds himself talked
about after issuing a proclamation of huzzahs for L. Ron Hubbard.
Three: The Ground Zero maladies are so baffling that workers will try
anything. Anyone who feels better will credit any placebo at hand -
whether Cruise or the Easter Bunny. In 1991, Time called Scientology's
anti-drug program "Narconon" a "vehicle for drawing addicts into the
cult" - which the magazine said "invented hundreds of goods and
services for which members are urged to give up 'donations' " - such
as $1,250 for advice on "moving swiftly up the Bridge" of
enlightenment. That's New Age techno-gobbledygook for advice on buying
swiftly up the Bridge of Brooklyn.
Scientology fronts such as the New
York Rescue Workers
Detoxification Project - its Web site immediately
recognizable as the work of Hubbardites by its logo, which looks like
the cover of a Robert Heinlein paperback from 1971 - hint that their
gimmicks might possibly interest anyone dreaming of weight loss,
higher I.Q. or freedom from addiction. And you might be
extra-specially interested if you've faced heart disease, cancer,
Agent Orange or Chernobyl. As Mayor Bloomberg put it,
not science." Nope. It's science fiction.
^ a b Robert W. Welkos; Joel Sappell (27 June 1990). "Church Seeks
Influence in Schools, Business, Science".
Los Angeles Times. Archived
from the original on 23 October 2012. Retrieved 13 September 2012. A
fourth article did not mention Hubbard by name, but reported favorably
on Narconon, his drug and alcohol rehabilitation program, which is run
^ "30 arrested in Paris crackdown on Scientologists". Agence
France-Presse. 14 January 1992. Retrieved 20 March 2014. About 30
Scientologists were arrested -- and 19 of them later indicted --
between May and October 1990 on charges of fraud, conspiracy to
defraud and the illegal practice of medicine following the 1988
suicide of a church member in Lyon, eastern France. ... The sect has
often found itself in trouble with officialdom the world over, accused
of defrauding and brainwashing followers and, in France, of quackery
at its illegal anti-drug clinics called "Narconon."
^ a b Abgrall, Jean-Marie (2001). Healing Or Stealing?: Medical
Charlatans in the New Age. p. 193. ISBN 1-892941-51-1.
Retrieved 24 September 2012. Narconon, a subsidiary of Scientology,
and the association “Yes to Life, No to Drugs” have also made a
specialty of the fight against drugs and treating drug addicts. ...
Drug addicts are just one of the Scientologists’ targets for
recruitment. The offer of care and healing through techniques derived
from dianetics is only a come-on. The detoxification of the patient by
means of “dianetics purification” is more a matter of
manipulation, through the general weakening that it causes; it is a
way of brainwashing the subject. Frequently convicted for illegal
practice of medicine, violence, fraud and slander, the Scientologists
have more and more trouble getting people to accept their techniques
as effective health measures, as they like to claim. They recommend
their purification processes to eliminate X-rays and nuclear
radiation, and to treat goiter and warts, hypertension and psoriasis,
hemorrhoids and myopia. . . why would anyone find that hard to
Scientology has built a library of several hundreds of
volumes of writings exalting the effects of purification, and its
disciples spew propaganda based on irresponsible medical writings by
doctors who are more interested in the support provided by Scientology
than in their patients’ well-being. On the other hand, responsible
scientific reviews have long since “eliminated” dianetics and
purification from the lists of therapies — relegating them to the
great bazaar of medical fraud. ... Medical charlatans do not base
their claims on scientific proof but, quite to the contrary, on
peremptory assertions — the kind of assertions that they challenge
when they come out of the mouths of those who defend “real”
^ Asimov, Nanette (2 October 2004). "Church's drug program flunks S.F.
test / Panel of experts finds Scientology's
outdated, inaccurate". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 7 September
2012. The program,
Narconon Drug Prevention & Education, "often
exemplifies the outdated, non-evidence-based and sometimes factually
inaccurate approach, which has not served students well for decades,"
concluded Steve Heilig, director of health and education for the San
Francisco Medical Society. In his letter to Trish Bascom, director of
health programs for the San Francisco Unified School District, Heilig
said five independent experts in the field of drug abuse had helped
him evaluate Narconon's curriculum. ... "One of our reviewers opined
that 'this (curriculum) reads like a high school science paper pieced
together from the Internet, and not very well at that,' " Heilig wrote
Bascom. "Another wrote that 'my comments will be brief, as this
proposal hardly merits detailed analysis.' Another stated, 'As a
parent, I would not want my child to participate in this kind of
'education.' " Heilig's team evaluated
Narconon against a recent study
by Rodney Skager, a professor emeritus at UCLA's Graduate School of
Education and Information Studies, describing what good anti-drug
programs should offer students. "We concurred that ... the Narconon
materials focus on some topics of lesser importance to the exclusion
of best knowledge and practices," Heilig wrote, and that the
curriculum contained "factual errors in basic concepts such as
physical and mental effects, addiction and even spelling."
^ Tewksbury, Drew (2008).
Scientology and the State: Narconon's
Influence in the Prison System. Proquest. Retrieved 10 December
^ Reitman, Janet (2011). Inside Scientology: The Story of America's
Most Secretive Religion (Hardback). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
Publishing Company. p. 257. ISBN 978-0-618-88302-8.
Retrieved 7 September 2012.
^ a b
California Healthy Kids Resource Center; Deborah Wood, Ph.D.
Narconon Drug Abuse Prevention Program Evaluation
(Report). California, US:
California Department of Education /
California Department of Public Health. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
Some drug-related information presented in the NDAP [Narconon] and
supplementary resources — although aligned with the
rehabilitation methodology — does not reflect accurate, widely
accepted medical and scientific evidence. Some information is
misleading because it is overstated or a distinction between drug use
and abuse is lacking. ... This information reflects hypothesized
processes of drug metabolism, bioavailability, and psychoactive
impact, and is the premise for the
Narconon detoxification regimen.
This theoretical information does not reflect current evidence that is
widely accepted and recognized as medically and scientifically
accurate. ... Inaccuracies and misleading inferences were not limited
to a single material, but were evident in NDAP elementary, middle and
high school presentation outlines and delivery scripts and in the
supplementary drug prevention materials available to schools ...
Narconon program materials were independently reviewed by fourteen
reviewers and three CHKRC staff. Reviewers included five doctors
(M.D.s), four board certified in pediatrics and adolescent medicine
and/or with specific expertise in addiction and substance abuse; two
doctors (Ph.Ds) with expertise in child and adolescent development;
one doctor (Ph.D.) with expertise in prevention research and program
evaluation of substance abuse programs. Reviewers also included nine
school health education specialists (with teaching credentials and/or
masters level health or education degrees) including elementary,
middle, and high school teachers, university faculty, and school
district/county office of education tobacco, alcohol, and other drug
abuse prevention education coordinators.
^ Mieszkowski, Katharine (1 July 2005). "Scientology's war on
psychiatry". Salon.com. Retrieved 7 September 2012. Narconon's
discredited teachings include the pronouncements that drugs burn up
the body's vitamins and minerals, that these vitamin deficiencies
cause pain (which prompts more drug use), that rapid vitamin and
nutrient losses cause the "munchies" among pot smokers, and that drugs
build up in fat tissue and spur flashbacks and a hunger for more
drugs. "This theoretical information does not reflect current evidence
that is widely accepted and recognized as medically and scientifically
accurate," the study found. This February, the
Superintendent recommended a ban on
and San Francisco and
Los Angeles school districts have indeed
^ Köhler, Nicholas (26 September 2012). "Scientology's plan for
Canada". Maclean's. Canada. Local health officials said Narconon
Trois-Rivières offered clients little medical supervision and relied
on Scientology-inspired treatments with no scientific basis
^ a b c d e Berg, Rigmor C. (September 2008). A brief summary and
evaluation of the evidence base for
Narconon as drug prevention
intervention. Oslo, Norway: Norwegian Centre for the Health Services.
pp. 19–21. ISBN 978-82-8121-214-5. Archived from the
original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
^ Ernst, Edzard (17 August 2012). "
Scientology detox programmes:
expensive and unproven". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 November
^ a b "
Scientology And It's (sic) Applications". Mercer Island
Reporter. 8 April 1971.
Scientology claims to have the only workable
technology to find the source of a problem and eradicate it. ... While
everyone is looking for a solution to drug abuse,
one and use it. access-date= requires url= (help)
Narconon The Origins of the
Narconon Program. Retrieved 4 June 2006.
^ a b
L. Ron Hubbard
L. Ron Hubbard and the
Narconon program". Retrieved 4
^ Drolet, Eve (22 January 1970). "
Dianetics Guarantees Victory Over
Drugs". Honolulu Advertiser. p. A-2. The
Reverend John W.
Elliott, senior minister of the Church of
Scientology and chairman of
its Drug Abuse Prevention team, announces that a technique called
Dianetic Counselling has completely cured 30 out of 30 persons who
came to his group for help. "Dianetic Counselling", says Elliot, "is a
new technology which has resolved not only the craving for drugs, but
also the after-effects. This will revolutionize the whole area of drug
abuse, and the threat it poses to the mental and physical health of
the State". ... Elliot feels the vast majority of people have some
form of psychosomatic illness. Hay fever, asthma and arthritis are
listed in this category by Elliot who says that
Dianetics resolves all
such problems access-date= requires url= (help)
^ Sappell, Joel; Welkos, Robert W. (25 June 1990). "The Courting of
Los Angeles Times. p. A18:5. Retrieved 6 June
2006. Additional convenience link at CMU.edu.
^ a b c Klotter, Julie (2007). "Hubbard's Drug Rehabilitation
Program". Townsend Letter: The Examiner of Alternative Medicine.
Retrieved 27 June 2011.
^ Gilmore, Heather (15 August 2004). "
Scientology 'Detox' Furor:
clinic draws client raves and researcher jeers". New York Post.
^ Crouch, Edmund A. C.; Laura C. Green (October 2007). "Comment on
"Persistent organic pollutants in 9/11 world trade center rescue
workers: Reduction following detoxification" by James Dahlgren, Marie
Cecchini, Harpreet Takhar, and Olaf Paepke [Chemosphere 69/8 (2007)
1320–1325]". Chemosphere. 69 (8): 1330–1332.
doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.098. PMID 17692360.
^ Welkos, Robert W.; Sapell, Joel. "Church Seeks Influence in Schools,
Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on
19 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
^ "A Turning Point in our History". International
Scientology News. 27
May 2004. The answer is to make every one of our orgs a Central
Organisation, a headquarters responsible for every sector of
Scientology activity across its entire geographic zone - all of it!
... International Management bodies exist today for each sector of
activity; including ... Social Betterment Activities which handle drug
rehabilitation [Narconon] ... And each one now emanates from the
Central Org into the environment.
^ "Creating a New Civilisation: YOUR ROLE". wise at work. 2005.
p. 14. The Public Divisions ... are responsible to emanate [sic]
every type of LRH technology ... “Since each Church will be the
Central Organization for their area,” Mr. Miscavige explained,
“there are displays encompassing every sector — with descriptions
Scientologists and non-
Scientologists alike. They
both enlighten and generate new activities: from salvaging lives from
illiteracy, addiction [Narconon] and crime; to programs for opening
new groups to handle community ruins [sic]. It also includes
everything to establish new missions, groups and VM chapters.” With
such displays, the answer to questions on Scientology, LRH Admin Tech
or LRH himself becomes just four words: Go to the org.
^ "IAS 21st Anniversary Event, Impact 112, 2006
^ Jacobs, Robin. "Is
Scientology in Your Schools?" (PDF). The
Humanist. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 February 2008.
Retrieved 15 January 2014.
^ "Main Page". Archived from the original on 16 January 2008.
Retrieved 9 December 2015.
^ "Whois: NarCodex.ca". DomainTools. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
^ "What is Narcodex". Narcodex Wiki. Archived from the original on 22
^ "Scientologist-run rehab centre ordered closed in Quebec". CBC News.
^ Mendleson, Rachel (2 September 2013). "
Narconon meets fierce
opposition in Hockley Valley". Toronto Star. Retrieved 19 March
^ Mendleson, Rachel (9 September 2013). "
Narconon loses bid to buy
property in Hockley Village". Toronto Star. Retrieved 9 September
^ "Feds fund Scientology-backed detox program for vets in Annapolis".
The Capital Gazette. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
^ "Gulf War Illness Research Program" (PDF). CDMRP Department of
Defense. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
^ a b Marshall, John (24 January 1980). "The
Scientology Papers /
Hubbard still gave orders, records show". The Globe and Mail. A
FBI number 7822, dated Nov. 5, 1976, and signed by Judy
Taussig, a U. S. national official of Scientology, defined the correct
use of the codes. They were to be used, the court learned, for groups
or actions that we don't want connected to LRH or MSH. This is handled
by coding their names. Also coding the group or action if it falls
into categories #1-#8. That list included incriminating activities,
unpunished crimes, and things like lobbying where this is prohibited
in non-profit corporations, or money deals that might provoke
government tax offices. The document also said the codes should be
used for words of actions that could tend to dispute the fact that the
C of S motives are humanitarian, i.e., harass, eradicate, attack,
destroy, annihilate ... spreading a rumor, entrapment, stir up
opposition. And codes should be used for the names of front groups
that we do not want connected with the C of S and for anything that
gives specific and actual evidence that the C of S is in legal control
of B6 groups. These are groups that are separate legal entities to the
C of S. An attachment to the document, listed in the prosecution
inventory as item 104 in Box C16, said B6 groups include Narconon, a
drug treatment organization staffed by
Scientologists and using Mr.
Hubbard's mental health techniques.
^ Price, Marie (3 May 2003). "House nixes honor for substance-abuse
facility". Tulsa World. pp. A19. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
^ Baca, Nathan (2014-05-13). I-Team: Lawsuits target
center in Nev (Television production). KLAS-TV. Event occurs at 2:45.
Archived from the original on 2014-05-13. Other documents obtained by
Narconon its “bridge” to moving
patients into religious activities.
^ Kent, Steven A. (2017). "Narconon, Scientology, and the Battle for
Legitimacy". Marburg Journal of Religion. 19 (1): 13–30.
doi:10.17192/mjr.2017.19.6495. Archived from the original on
2017-11-11. Retrieved 2017-11-12. the front page of the newsletter,
Narconon News, had an illustration of one bridge (labeled “Narconon
Enter Here”) connected to another bridge (entitled “The Way to
Scientology often described itself as “the bridge
to total freedom,” and the text beneath the illustration read,
“NARCONON is freeing people from crime and drug abuse with standard
tech, and starting them up RON’S bridge to total freedom....
NARCONON IS THE BRIDGE TO THE BRIDGE.”
^ United States vs.
Mary Sue Hubbard
Mary Sue Hubbard et al. Archived 18 November 2005
at the Wayback Machine., 493 F. Supp. 209, (D.D.C. 1979) (hosted by
Lisa McPherson Trust)
^ Asimov, Nanette. "Schools urged to drop antidrug program /
Scientology-linked teachings inaccurate, superintendent says". SFGATE
- San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved February 23, 2005.
^ Ortega, Tony. "The Underground Bunker".
^ Charles Rusnell Experts challenge claims of Scientology's
sweat-it-out treatment for addicts Archived 27 May 2007 at the Wayback
Machine. The Edmonton Journal, 23 May 2006 pg. A2
^ Alan McEwen "Scientology-link group is banned" Archived 13 October
2007 at the Wayback Machine., Edinburgh Evening News, 18 March 2004.
Retrieved 4 June 2006.
^ Bracchi, Paul (13 June 1994). "Secret of a drugs 'cure' /
Scientology: The Inside Story". Evening Argus. Retrieved 7 September
2012. Asked if it was simply a "front" organisation to recruit people
into the cult, Mr wood insisted: "I don't know of many organisations
more up-front than the Church of Scientology. ... I know beyond doubt
Narconon does not recruit for nor promote the Church of
Scientology and I know that subject is not mentioned nor included in
Narconon syllabus". He said "no Church of
members work for Narconon". A
Narconon leaflet lists two names with
telephone numbers. One is Mr Wood. The other is Peter Mansell - public
affairs officer at the national headquarters of
Scientology at Saint
Hill, East Grinstead. ... We have a copy of the
Line-Up, the final of which led straight to the doors of the cult. The
message on the chart reads: "Route to nearest Org (Scientology)
organisation) for further services if individual so desires." The
process is summed up in
Narconon News. The headline and slogans speak
for themselves: "
Narconon is freeing people from crime and drug abuse
and starting them up Ron's bridge to total freedom. Who can you start
across that bridge."
^ Mason, Tania (13 September 2001). "C of E blasts 'drug salvation'
claims of Scientologists". Marketing. UK: Brand Republic Group.
Retrieved 8 April 2014.
Scientology spokesman Graeme Wilson said the
claims were based on rehabilitation programmes run by the church and
its affiliate charity, Narconon.
^ Mallia, Joseph (3 March 1998). "
Scientology reaches into schools
through Narconon". Inside the Church of Scientology. Boston Herald.
Retrieved 14 December 2008.
^ a b Jim MacLaughlin and Andrew Gully "Church of
Herald reporter - Investigation follows pattern of harassment"
Archived 5 April 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
Boston Herald 19 March
1998 Pg. 004
Narconon Information Center of Montreal". Archived from the
original on 17 July 2006. Retrieved 7 October 2006. © Copyright 2006
Lafleche Dumais & Richard Kelly
^ Fleischer, Jodie (3 October 2012). "Whistleblower, memo link Georgia
Narconon to Scientology". WSB-TV2 Atlanta; Channel 2 Action News.
Retrieved 14 April 2014.
^ a b c Peters, Paul (2008-07-10). "
Scientology Nation". Salt Lake
City Weekly. pp. 20–22, 24. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
^ "Inside Scientology's Rehab Racket". Retrieved 5 November
^ Woolsley, Leigh (6 November 2005). "Case for the Cure". Tulsa
^ Knopf, Alison (30 July 2012). "Scientology-based substance abuse
program investigated for deaths". Alcoholism & Drug Abuse Weekly.
Retrieved 11 December 2013. (subscription required)
^ Jeewa, A.; Kasiram M, PhD, Treatment for substance abuse in the 21st
century: A South African perspective, a Minds Alive Rehabilitation
Centre, Durban b School of Social Work and Community Development,
University of KwaZulu-Natal, retrieved 5 February 2014
Narconon Treatment Methodology". Treatment-Centers.net.
2017-05-17. Retrieved 2017-07-05.
^ Folke Sjoqvist (26 November 1996). Expert advice on
to the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Report). The
National Board of Health and Welfare.
^ a b c Findings of Fact regarding the Narconon-Chilocco Application
For Certification by the Board of Mental Health, State of Oklahoma, 13
^ Combs, Pete (1 October 2012). "
Narconon Debunked by its own Expert".
WBS Radio. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
^ Center for Human Reliability Studies (May 2007). Drug Retention
Times (PDF) (Report). U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health,
Safety and Security (Office of Security Policy). p. 4. Retrieved
14 September 2012.
^ "First Step Program / The useful tool to help others be drug free,
at your disposal / What is the Drug Bomb?". Narconon. "Drug Bomb"
consists of: 1000mg of [niacin]. This helps counteract any mental
disturbance. ... The formula should be given four times a day.
^ a b "Scientologist-run rehab centre ordered closed in Quebec". CBC
News. 17 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
^ a b "The
Narconon Therapeutic Training Routine course". Narconon
Narconon Trois-Rivièrs. Archived from the
original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
^ Church of
Scientology The Fundamental Skills of Auditing: Hubbard
Professional TR Course. Retrieved 4 June 2006.
Narconon Withdrawal Specialist Course. Book 4b, 2004c
edition. (pg. 221-236)
Narconon Publication. Table of contents
Narconon Communication & Perception Course Book 4a,
2004 edition. (pg. 447-482)
^ Joseph Mallia "Inside the Church of Scientology; Sacred teachings
not secret anymore" Archived 30 May 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
Boston Herald 4 March 1998 p. 025
^ Janet Reitman Inside
Scientology Rolling Stone, Issue 995. 9 March
^ "Results of the
Narconon Program". www.narconon.org. Narconon
International. Archived from the original on 10 February 2012.
Retrieved 1 February 2012. The
Narconon Program has one of the highest
success rates in the field of drug rehabilitation, with outside
studies showing 75% of the graduates going on to lead stable, ethical,
productive drug-free lives.
Special Committee on Non-Medical Use of Drugs: Evidence
(Report). Parliament of Canada (37th PARLIAMENT, 1st SESSION). 30 May
2002. Mr. Brad Melnychuk [(Executive Director, Association for Better
Living and Education (ABLE Canada))]: You asked if we'd spoken or met
with researchers coming up with this information. I personally have
not. I also cannot say whether or not any staff from
the globe—because we have Narconons all over—have done that. I
would tend to question it, based on the fact that our Narconons are
improving, and some of them are very close to a 100% success
^ Szalavitz, Maia (31 March 2011). "Does Narconon's
Really Work?". TIME Magazine. USA: Time Warner. Retrieved 7 April
^ Peter Gerdman (1 May 1981). "Utvärderingen av
Narconon del 1: En
studie om och med en länkrörelse bland drogmissbrukare i Stockholm"
(Swedish page scans). Retrieved 9 September 2006. (Scans hosted
by David Touretzky)
Narconon work? - Studies - The Swedish Study". Narconon
Exposed. 2 January 2003. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
^ "The Narconon® Program - 40 Years of Evidence of Recovery" (PDF).
Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2013. (1.0 MB)
^ "Official Church of Scientology: Narconon, Arrowhead Center, Drug
Rehab & Prevention, L. Ron Hubbard". Official Church of
Scientology. The Church of Scientology. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
^ Smith, Errol (6 May 2014). "
Wyong Council rejects
rehabilitation centre plan at Yarramalong". The Daily Telegraph
(Sydney). Retrieved 5 May 2014.
^ "Church of
Scientology drug rehab centre rejected". Australian
Broadcasting Corporation (ABC). 30 April 2014. Retrieved 2 May
^ Ross, Gerald; Sternquist, Marie (2011-11-16). "Methamphetamine
exposure and chronic illness in police officers".
Industrial Health. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
^ Shelby Oppel "School panel rejects anti-drug program" Saint
Petersburg Times 13 April 1999
^ a b Cavanagh, Sean (2 March 2005). "
California Chief Warns Schools
About Anti-Drug Program". Education Week. 24 (25): 4. Archived from
the original on 2016-05-12.
^ "Schools urged to drop antidrug program", The San Francisco
Chronicle, 23 February 2005. Retrieved 4 June 2006.
^ Roberts, Chris (26 May 2014). "Bay Area Schools Hoodwinked by
Scientology-Related Anti-Drug Program".
NBC Bay Area. Retrieved 27 May
^ Asimov, Nanette (25 May 2014). "Narconon: Misleading antidrug
program back in public schools". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 26
^ Lewis, Leo (7 January 2007). "Revealed: how Scientologists
infiltrated Britain's schools". London: The
Sunday Times (UK).
Retrieved 7 January 2007.
^ "Schools alert on drugs group". Church Times. 10 August 2012.
Retrieved 17 August 2012.
^ Richard Lennox; Marie Cecchini (2008). "The NARCONON™ drug
education curriculum for high school students: A non-randomized,
controlled prevention trial". Retrieved 27 June 2011. Lennox and
Cecchini's peer-reviewed paper in the journal Substance Abuse
Treatment, Prevention, and Policy presenting the findings of a
research study conducted with approximately 1,000
Oklahoma and Hawai'i
high-school students to test
Narconon International’s high-school
curriculum efficacy. They evaluated students using the Center for
Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) Participant Outcome Measures for
Discretionary Programs survey at three time periods: baseline, one
month later, and six-month follow-up. Schools assigned to experimental
conditions scheduled the
Narconon curriculum between the baseline and
one-month follow-up test; schools in control conditions received drug
education after the six-month follow-up. The study concluded that at
six-month follow-up, youths who received the
Narconon drug education
curriculum showed reduced drug use compared with controls across all
drug categories tested; that the strongest effects were seen in all
tobacco products and cigarette frequency followed by marijuana; that
there were significant reductions measured for alcohol and
amphetamines; that the program produced changes in knowledge,
attitudes and perception of risk; and that the eight-module Narconon
curriculum had thorough grounding in substance abuse aetiology and
prevention theory, and reduced drug use among youths.
^ "Tax declaration ABLE 2007" (PDF). August 2008. p. 37. Archived
(PDF) from the original on 1 February 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
ABLE funded a multi-year study of the delivery of the
Education curriculum to high school students in Hawaii and Oklahoma,
which was completed and written up in 2007.
^ Beit-Hallahmi, Benjamin (1 September 2003). "Scientology: Religion
or racket?". Marburg Journal of Religion. 8 (1). Retrieved 5 September
2012. For Scientology, using fronts is one way of obtaining funds from
government and charity sources (Mallia, 1998c). ... The so-called drug
rehabilitation program known as
Narconon has been an incredibly
profitable front through federal grants and corporate donations
(Mallia, 1998c). Fronts may help one another look respectable and make
more money. Thus, the Association for Better Living and Education
(ABLE) may come out in support of Narconon
^ Catt, David (11 June 2008). "Further request for clarification".
Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy. 3 (8).
doi:10.1186/1747-597X-3-8. Retrieved 7 September 2012. In Table 9,
item D22 shows that a greater percentage of the control group feel
they can easily resist pressures to take drugs than the drug education
group (78.8% compared with 74.5%). The text on page 11 of the report
states that “students who received the curriculum were more likely
to say they could resist pressures to use drugs than those who did not
receive the program”. Could I ask the authors to account for this
^ County Court of Dijon: judgment of 9 January 1987 (No 118-87)
^ Messrs. Alain Gest, president, Jean-Pierre Brard, Mrs. Suzanne
Sauvaigo, vice-presidents, Messrs. Eric DoligŽ, Rudy Rooms,
secretaries, Jacques Guyard, reporter; Messrs. Jean-Claude Bahu,
Pierre Bernard, Raoul BŽteille, Mrs. Christine Boutin, Messrs.
Jean-Pierre Brard, Jean-François Calvo, Rene Chub, Mrs. Martine
David, Messrs. Pierre Delmar, Bernard Derosier, Eric DoligŽ,
Jean-Pierre Foucher, Jean Geney, Alain Gest, Jean Gravel, Jacques
Guyard, Pierre Lang, Gerard Larrat, Claude-Gerard Marcus, Thierry
Mariani, Mrs. Odile Moirin, Messrs. George Mothron, Jacques Myard,
Mrs. Catherine Nicolas, Messrs. Francisque Perrut, Daniel Picotin,
Marc Reymann, Marcel Castlings, Rudy Rooms and Mrs. Suzanne Sauvaigo.
(22 December 1995). Report of LA COMMISSION D'ENQUÊTE SUR LES SECTES
(Board of Inquiry into Cults) (Report). ASSEMBLÉE NATIONALE. Le
Tribunal de grande instance de
Dijon a, par ailleurs, été amené,
dans un jugement du 9 janvier 1987 (no 118-87), à condamner le
directeur-adjoint du centre
Narconon de Grangey-sur-Ource pour non
assistance à personne en danger. Ce centre, créé par l'Eglise de
Scientologie, propose des cures de désintoxication en appliquant les
méthodes de Ron Hubbard, à savoir la procédure de " purification ",
fondée principalement sur plusieurs heures de sauna par jour, des "
auditions " et une absorption importante de vitamines. En l'espèce,
la victime était depuis longtemps soignée pour épilepsie et
s'était adressée à cet organisme car elle souhaitait se " libérer
des médicaments " . Le centre l'a, sans examen médical préalable,
placée dans une chambre de " sevrage " . Or, les expertises
médicales ont montré que le décès était dû à " un état de mal
épileptique dû à l'absence de traitement suffisant à son début et
de traitement d'urgence pendant l'état de mal. " Le jugement ne
laisse aucun doute sur la responsabilité du centre : " Que si
Jocelyne Dorfmann avait pris la décision de réduire sa consommation
médicamenteuse, puis de l'interrompre au risque de compromettre son
état de santé, les prévenus ne l'ont à aucun moment prévenue de
la nécessité d'un examen médical d'admission, lequel aurait
vraisemblablement permis de contre-indiquer la cure de sevrage ;
qu'il est inconcevable que la victime ait pu être acceptée sans cet
examen et sans entretien sérieux malgré ses déclarations sur son
état de santé et son épilepsie, alors que les prévenus ont reconnu
savoir qu'en cas de maladie grave, le traitement médical ne devait
pas souffrir d'interruption ; " Que si lors de la survenue de la
première crise, les prévenus ont pu se méprendre sur la nature
exacte, la répétition des crises et leur intensité croissante
devaient leur évoquer une origine distincte d'un état de manque qui,
selon les médecins experts, ne peut être confondu avec un état
épileptique ; " Qu'ils n'ont pas jugé utile de demander
directement à la victime, alors qu'elle était encore consciente, si
ces manifestations pouvaient correspondre aux crises d'épilepsie
auxquelles elle avait fait allusion ou de faire appel au médecin le
plus proche. (...) " --- Translation --- The County Court of Dijon, in
addition, was brought, in a judgement of January 9, 1987 (No 118-87),
to condemn the director-assistant of the
Narconon center of Grangey-
on-Ource for nonassistance to someone in danger. This center, created
by the Church of Scientology, proposes detoxification by applying the
methods of Ron Hubbard, namely the procedure of "purification," based
mainly on several hours of sauna per day, "auditions," and a
significant absorption of vitamins. In this case, the victim had been
in long-term treatment for epilepsy and had addressed this
organization because she wished "to be released from drugs." The
center A, without preliminary medical examination, placed her in a
"weaning" room. However, the medical experts showed that her death was
due to "an epileptic seizure due to the absence of sufficient
treatment at its beginning and of emergency treatment during the
seizure." The judgement does not leave any doubt about the
responsibility of the center: "That if Jocelyne Dorfmann had made the
decision to reduce her consumption of medication, then to stop it with
the risk of compromising her health, the defendants had not at any
time prevented it of the need for a medical examination of admission,
which would have probably made it possible to contra-indicate the cure
of weaning; that it is inconceivable that the victim could be accepted
without this examination and serious treatment in spite of her
declarations as to her health and her epilepsy, whereas the defendants
admitted knowing that in the event of serious illness, medical
treatment was not to suffer from interruption; "That if at the time
the first crisis occurred, the defendants could mistake its exact
nature, the repetition of the crises and their increasing intensity
were to evoke to them an origin distinct from a state of lack which,
according to medical experts, cannot be confused with an epileptic
state; "That they did not consider it useful to directly ask the
victim, while she was still conscious, if these demonstrations could
correspond to the epileptic fits to which she had referred or to call
upon the nearest doctor (...)" CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors
^ Biglia, Andrea (20 February 1995). "Tragedia nella lotta alla droga
[Tragedy while fighting drugs]". Corriere della Sera.
^ "Una peritonite curata in ritardo ha ucciso la donna in comunità".
la Repubblica (in Italian). 11 October 2002. Retrieved 18 September
^ a b c Fleischer, Jodie (2 October 2012). "State investigates
Narconon Georgia after Channel 2 reveals new evidence / Investigation
sparked after death at Scientology-linked facility". wsbtv.com /
Channel 2 (TV news). Retrieved 3 October 2012. ATLANTA — A Georgia
drug rehab program with ties to the Church of
Scientology is now under
a state investigation after Channel 2 Action News showed inspectors
new evidence. … a Channel 2 investigation found an outpatient
program that posed as inpatient to bring in more money and showed
state leaders evidence they have missed for a decade. … sparking new
questions about whether
Narconon of Georgia is running an illegal
residential treatment program.
^ "Patrick W. "Ricko" Desmond (1980-2008)". findagrave.com. Retrieved
3 October 2012. Patrick W. Desmond died of a heroin drug overdose
after receiving treatment at a
Scientology drug rehab facility
Narconon in Atlanta, Georgia. His parents filed a wrongful death
Narconon of Georgia,
Narconon International, and the
Narconon medical director Lisa Carolina Robbins, M.D.
^ Christian Boone (7 October 2012). "Norcross drug facility under new
scrutiny". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Retrieved 5 October 2012.
Desmond’s death four years ago has focused attention on a decade’s
worth of state investigations of the Norcross-based drug treatment
program. Repeatedly, the state fielded complaints that Narconon, while
licensed only for outpatient care, was illegally operating a
^ Fleischer, Jodie (1 October 2012). "2 Investigates: Patient death at
Narconon / Death raises about questions about
Scientology-linked program's license". wsbtv.com / Channel 2 (TV
news). Retrieved 3 October 2012. Colleen Desmond toured the classrooms
in Norcross and visited the apartments at One Sovereign Place off
Roswell Road. "We were assured all along the line, this was an
inpatient situation," Desmond said. … The treatment plan was
espoused by Church of
Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard. / Desmond's
Death / Desmond told Fleischer that at the time, she didn't know
anything about that plan, or that her son Patrick was drinking and
doing drugs with students and staff in those apartments.
^ Boone, Christian (11 February 2013). "
Narconon settles wrongful
death suit but legal challenges remain". The Atlanta
Journal-Constitution. Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Retrieved 7 April
^ Combs, Pete (11 Feb 2013). "Narconon, family reach settlement".
Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Cox Media Group. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
^ Boone, Christian (8 November 2012). "Judge imposes harsh sanctions
on Norcross drug treatment facility". The Atlanta
Journal-Constitution. Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Retrieved 7 April
^ Fleischer, Jodie (8 November 2012). "DeKalb judge sanctions Narconon
of Georgia". WSB TV 2 Atlanta. Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Cox Media Group.
Retrieved 8 April 2014.
^ Combs, Pete (9 November 2012). "
Narconon punished, stripped of
defense in civil case". WSB Atlanta. Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Cox Media
Group. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
^ Beasley, Jere (4 March 2013). "
Narconon Settles Wrongful Death
Suit". Jere Beasley Report. Beasley Allen. Retrieved 7 April
^ Ortega, Tony (8 February 2013). "Scientology's Atlanta Drug Rehab
Buys Its Way Out of Courtroom Nightmare". The Underground Bunker. USA.
Retrieved 7 April 2014.
^ "Patrick Desmond OSA Report". WSB Radio. Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Cox
Media Group. 2 October 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
^ Combs, Pete (2 October 2012). "The Narconon-
WSB Atlanta. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
^ Ortega, Tony (30 January 2013). "Scientology's Atlanta Drug Rehab
Crumbling: Executive Director Mary Rieser Out". The Underground
Bunker. USA. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
^ Leflore, Jeanne (7 August 2012). "DA:
Narconon Arrowhead under
investigation by OKLA Dept. of Mental Health after four deaths".
McAlester New Capital. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
Narconon Arrowhead sued by parents of patient who died while in
treatment". KJRH-TV. 28 August 2012. Archived from the original on 27
January 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
^ Quigley, Rachel (14 August 2012). "Rehab facility linked to
Scientology blamed for deaths of three patients who underwent 'five
hours a day in sauna and mega doses of vitamins'". London: Daily Mail.
Retrieved 28 August 2012.
^ Joe Childs; Thomas C. Tobin (16 August 2012). "Deaths at Scientology
drug treatment program
Narconon bring investigation". Tampa Bay Times.
Retrieved 28 August 2012.
Scientology rehab center under fire after string of deaths". New
York Daily News. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012. Stacy
Dawn Murphy, 20, who died July 19 at
Narconon Arrowhead in Canadian,
Okla. ... Hillary Holten, 21, was found dead at
Narconon Arrowhead in
April, and Gabriel Graves, 32, died there last October, the Muskogee
Phoenix reported. Another patient, 28-year-old Kaysie Dianne Werninck,
died there in 2009.
^ a b "Deaths bring probe of
Narconon facility in Oklahoma". Tulsa
World. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
^ "Discovery claimed in
Narconon deaths". Muskogee Phoenix. 20 August
2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
Narconon has been under
investigation since the July 19 death of Murphy, 20, of Owasso. The
investigation has expanded to include three other deaths: Hillary
Holten, 21, of Carr, who was found dead at
Narconon Arrowhead in
April; Graves, 32, who died at the facility in October; and the 2009
death of Kaysie Dianne Werninck, 28, according to Pittsburg County
Sheriff Joel Kerns.
^ LeFlore, Jeanne (27 March 2013). "
Narconon Arrowhead exec and
Narconon Vista Bay advertise revoked certification". McAlester
News-Capital. Oklahoma, USA. Archived from the original on 7 April
2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
^ LeFlore, Jeanne (7 August 2013). "
Narconon Arrowhead loses state
certification". McAlester News-Capitol. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
^ Hertneky, Dana (18 April 2014). "State Investigators Of Narconon
Arrowhead Say They Were Wrongfully Fired". news9.com Oklahoma's Own.
Retrieved 29 April 2014.
^ a b ""Somethings terribly wrong there" says father of woman who died
Narconon Arrowhead". McAlester News Capital. 21 July 2012.
Retrieved 6 September 2012.
^ "State Agency Inspecting Narconon". Daily Oklahoman. 21 October
1992. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
^ "Newkirk Center OK'd; Mooreland Bid Axed". The Oklahoman. 26 January
1989. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
Narconon Claims It's Not Subject to State Regulation". Daily
Oklahoman. 11 July 1990. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
Narconon Drug Center will Appeal Certification Ruling". Durant (OK)
Daily Democrat. 15 December 1991. p. 10-A. Retrieved 6 September
2012. Mental Health department staff member Dennis Lewelling testified
at the hearing that in studying records of the center, he could find
no evidence that drug and alcohol abuse education was a part of the
^ "Grand Opening:
Narconon Chilocco New Life Center". Narconon
Chilocco. 29 June 1990. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
^ "Drug Center Controversy Continues". Durant Daily Democrat, The. 17
December 1991. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
Narconon International v.
Oklahoma Board Of Mental Health &
Substance Abuse (SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF OKLAHOMA 07/10/1992).
Narconon International, Inc. v. Anderson (SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE
OF OKLAHOMA 07/12/1991). Text
Narconon International, Inc. v. Anderson (SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE
OF OKLAHOMA 20 August 1991). Text
^ "Editor Risks Jail Rather Than Pay
Narconon Court Costs". The
Associated Press. 4 July 1992. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
^ "Narconon-Chilocco Drug Treatment Plant May Be Part Of Notorious
Religious Cult". Newkirk Herald Journal. 27 April 1989. Retrieved 6
Oklahoma Nemesis, Bob Lobsinger: "They Lied Every
Step of the Way"". Village Voice, The. 16 August 2012. Archived from
the original on 25 August 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012. They sent
one guy around trying to talk to the mayor. He knew who the mayor's
kid was, somehow. So he followed the kid into the library and told him
he need to talk to his dad. Then he gave him his card," Lobsinger
says. "It was just to let the mayor know they knew where his kid
^ Joel Sappell; Robert W. Welkos (29 June 1990). "On the Offensive
Against an Array of Suspected Foes".
Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 13
September 2012. People who claim that I have conducted an improper
investigation against them probably have so many things to hide," said
Ingram. Church lawyer Cooley backed the investigator, saying: "I know
of no impropriety that has ever been engaged in by Mr. Ingram or any
other (private investigator) for the church. Mr. Ingram has done
nothing wrong." ...
Scientology attorneys in September mailed an "open
letter" to many of Newkirk's 2,500 residents announcing that Ingram
had been hired to investigate Narconon's adversaries. ... Ingram
tracked down the mayor's 12-year-old son at the local public library,
handed him a business card and told the boy to have his father call,
Lobsinger said. "It was just a subtle bit of intimidation," he said.
"It certainly did not do the mother much good. She was very unnerved."
... "They have a standard pattern," Bilger said of the Scientologists.
"They try to be very aggressive. They try to intimidate. This is not
the kind of atmosphere we need in the Newkirk community. . . . This
tells me they are far from being harmless.
^ "New drug clinic splinters
Oklahoma town /
Oklahoma residents fear
being labeled a 'cult town'". The Dallas Morning News. 30 July 1989.
Retrieved 5 September 2012. several residents declined to be quoted,
apparently fearing retribution from an organisation that remains
mysterious to them. Some said fears were heightened when the treatment
center hired a private investigator from Stillwater, Okla. to help
them identify the participants in what Narconon's Smith described as a
^ "Town Welcomes, Then Questions a Drug Project". New York Times.
Associated Press. 17 July 1989. p. A13. Retrieved 13 March
Narconon Gets State Mental Health Exemption". Sunday Oklahoman. 15
August 1992. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
David Miscavige (14 February 1992). "A Conversation with David
Nightline (Interview). Interview with Ted Koppel.
DAVID MISCAVIGE: You want... you know, if you... I could have been on
here two years ago and you would have brought something up, and it's
over now. There have been these cases, but in the end, we come out on
top, and I'm telling you, Ted, there are a group of people on this
planet who find us to be a threat to their existence, and they will do
everything in their power to stop us. And that is the mental health
field. I didn't pick a war with them. You can ask them if they feel
this way, and they will tell you that.
^ "PUBLIC INFORMATION ALERT".
Oklahoma Gazette. 19 September 2012.
Archived from the original on 23 September 2012. Retrieved 18
Narconon Arrowhead under investigation by OKLA Dept. of Mental
Health after four deaths". McAlester News-Capital. 7 August 2012.
Retrieved 7 September 2012. In and [sic] earlier case, Narconon
Arrowhead settled a lawsuit filed by the parents of Kaysie Dianne
Werninck, 28, of St. Augustine
Florida who died “as a result of the
defendant’s gross negligence,”on 3 March 2009, according to the
^ Wade, Jarrel (18 August 2012). "Letter recounts death at Narconon
Arrowhead". Tulsa World. Retrieved 7 September 2012. In his month
there, he describes his observations about the death of fellow
Narconon student Gabriel Graves. "I saw the 'nurse' of the facility
crying, walking out of (redacted) room with another staffer," the
complainant said about his experience on Oct. 26, the day records show
Graves died. "I stood there, shocked and scared. ... It was, however,
hinted to us that he may have died of a drug overdose because we were
told by one of the staff that came to brief us that we might 'end up
like him.' " Graves' autopsy report lists his cause and manner of
death as undetermined and unknown, records show. "It should be noted
that while I was there the use and distribution of drugs by 'students'
... and staff was rampant," the complainant wrote to Oklahoma
Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services officials. "I
was asked on numerous occasions if I wanted any drugs, but since I do
not do drugs, I declined. I was offered many different types of drugs,
ones I had never even heard of. By observation, no one was concerned
about the drug use at this time."
^ Peterson, Rachel (27 August 2012). "Yet another
under way". McAlester News-Capital. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
^ "News9 OKC
Narconon Arrowhead Continued Coverage". Oklahoma, US:
News9. 23 August 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. Hillary Holten
entered in Narconon's Arrowhead facility for help with her
prescription drug addiction in April. Less than 48 hours later she was
dead. In a lawsuit filed Thursday, attorneys say Holton had a medical
condition, but employees at
Narconon didn't provide her with the care,
or medication she needed.
^ Ortega, Tony (11 August 2012). "
Scientology Drug Program Narconon's
Licensing "Extremely Vulnerable" After
Oklahoma Deaths, Says Insider".
Village Voice. Archived from the original on 17 September 2012.
Retrieved 19 September 2012. Rick says Stacy was sent to the
"withdrawal unit" of the facility that night once it was discovered
that she'd used. And it was there that her condition became grave.
"There was no doctor there, no nurse on staff. There's nothing like
that there," Rick says. "The staff, they're all former patients. The
exception are the people who would drive you to the airport, or the
security people. My understanding is that everyone there is pretty
much a former patient." Rick says he doesn't hold the staff
responsible for what happened. "You really can't expect them to be
able to diagnose a drug overdose. I'm not upset with them. It's the
direction from the top down that has to be illegal." The staff was
just overmatched for what was happening, he says. "The drugs that
would have saved Stacy's life were either not available or no one
there knew how to administer it." Thursday morning, July 19, he heard
that she was dead. "She died before 10 am. I heard about it pretty
immediately," he says. His own tenure at the facility ended soon
after. "I got kicked out because they found out I was going to the
police and the media. That's how upside down the place is." Now, he's
trying to stay sober on his own, and Rick says he is fearful after
going to the authorities. "I have to pause multiple times a day
because of Stacy's death. I feel sick about it. They should have saved
her," he says. Instead, he fears that he'll suffer retaliation for
helping with the investigation. "I'm afraid for my life."
^ "Woman "held against her will" at
Narconon Arrowhead". McAlester
News-Capital. 21 July 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. A young woman
says she was held against her will at
Narconon Arrowhead and had to be
rescued by Pittsburg County Sheriffs officers late Thursday night. ...
Ramsey said she wanted out because of the recent death of her roommate
at the facility, Stacy Dawn Murphy.
^ LeFlore, Jeanne (21 July 2012). "During a planned protest of
Narconon Arrowhead, the facility spends $50,000 to work on county road
where rally was to take place". McAlester News-Capital. Retrieved 7
September 2012. The road work took place in June 23 and June 24 during
a planned protest by Shirley Gilliam, the mother of Gabriel Graves, a
32-year-old man who was found dead at the facility in October, and
Collin Henderson, a former
Narconon patient. ... Pittsburg County
Commission Chairman Gene Rogers said he was contacted by Smith for
help the weekend the protest was scheduled — June 23 and 24th. "He
(Gary Smith) called me and said they might be having a problem with
the public that weekend and he wanted help policing the area and he
asked about doing overlaying (of the road)," Rogers said. Safety, not
the protest, was the reason the small section of county road was
resurfaced, according to the
^ Denwalt, Dale (22 August 2012). "Deaths at drug treatment center
being investigated". Daily Elk Citian. Retrieved 7 September
^ LeFlorre, Jeanne (27 February 2013). "Legislation affecting Narconon
Arrowhead passes Senate". McAlester News-Capitol. Retrieved 13 March
Oklahoma Senate Unanimously Passes Bill Aimed At Narconon
Arrowhead". Newson6.com. 1 May 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
^ "Families question Scientology-linked drug rehab after recent
NBC Rock Center. 16 August 2012. Retrieved 3 September
^ "Statement from
Rock Center / Narconon
International. 18 August 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
^ Dobuzinskis, Alex. "Proposed Narcanon rehab clinic raises concern
Los Angeles Daily News, 22 July 2006. "?". Archived
from the original on 15 March 2007.
^ Slutske, Reina. "
Narconon Project Hearing Delayed Until January."
Santa Clarita Signal, 5 October 2006. "?".
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 12 March 2013.
Retrieved 11 March 2013.
^ "What use is the licensing law?". St Petersburg Times. 29 December
1981. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
^ Staff (6 April 2007). "Proceedings against Scientologists-run clinic
instituted in Moscow". Interfax-Religion.
Ulyanovsk police search local branch office of Church of
Scientology". Interfax-Religion. 18 April 2008.
^ a b CATHERINE SOLYOM (18 April 2012). "Health officials shut down
Narconon drug rehab centre; Treatments based on Scientology". Montreal
Gazette. Retrieved 20 March 2014. Health officials have ordered the
Narconon rehabilitation centre for drug addicts in Trois Rivières to
evacuate and relocate its 32 residents, citing concerns over
procedures that "may represent a risk to health" and a lack of doctors
Narconon Centre in Rivières ordered to relocate its residents".
Montreal Gazette. 17 April 2012. Archived from the original on 22
April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
^ "Scientologist-run rehab centre ordered closed in Quebec". cbcnews
Montreal. 18 April 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
^ a b CATHERINE SOLYOM (20 April 2012). "Inside Narconon's bizarre
treatments; David love discusses his strange and painful experiences
there. It was like 'One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest times 10,' he
says". The Gazette. Archived from the original on 25 April 2012.
Retrieved 20 March 2014. Love also remembers a few who suffered when
Narconon staff refused to give them their medicine. On several
websites used to attract potential clients,
Narconon boasts of its
70-to-75 per cent success rate and entirely drug-free program - which
even excludes prescription drugs. In one case, staff members withheld
insulin from a diabetic patient undergoing the sauna treatment. That
young man ended up in hospital for three days, Love said. In another,
it took away a patient's antidepressants. He jumped from a
second-floor window in a suicide attempt.
^ Andre Ahern, Director of Legal Affairs for
(11 April 2012). "
Narconon Trois-Rivieres Drug Rehab True Result". PR
Newswire (U.S.) /
Narconon press release. Retrieved 20 March
Narconon meets fierce opposition in Hockley Valley Toronto Star".
thestar.com. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
^ Reynolds, Matt (18 September 2012). "Patient Sues Scientology-Based
Clinic". Courthouse News Service. Archived from the original on 21
September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012. SANTA ANA, Calif. (CN) -
A man tried to kill himself at a Scientology-affiliated detox clinic
after its "purification rundown" took him off his prescribed medicines
in a "quick taper," the man claims in court.
^ Stephen Koff "Top Scientologist Arrested in Spain" St. Petersburg
Times 22 November 1988 pg. 1A
^ Steven Koff "
Scientology leader still jailed in Spain; church
St. Petersburg Times
St. Petersburg Times 10 December 1988
^ Ruth Gruber "75
Scientologists go on trial today // 'It should be a
lively court session'"
St. Petersburg Times
St. Petersburg Times 29 March 1989 pg. 11.A
^ "Public Affairs and Religious Liberty - Home" (PDF). Retrieved 9
^ "Spanish court drops charges against
Scientology chief after 14
years", Agence France Presse, 11 April 2002
^ "Foreign missionaries deported from Kazakhstan". BBC Monitoring
Central Asia. Interfax-
Kazakhstan news agency, Almaty, in Russian. 29
July 2008. Astana, 29 July: The head of the
foundation, along with several other foreign missionaries, have been
deported from Kazakhstan, Kazakh Justice Minister
Zagipa Baliyeva has
^ Thomas C. Greene "Scientologist Web site rips off urban75.com:
Moneyed cult gets hip in the worst way" The Register, 22 January 2001.
Retrieved 4 June 2006.
Narconon and urban75 - the ultimate homage". Retrieved 4
^ Lester Haines "
Scientology exposé finds favour"
The Register 26
January 2001. Retrieved 4 June 2006.
Narconon under investigation again". WSB (AM). 2013-04-26.
^ "Search warrants executed at
Narconon drug rehab clinic". Atlanta
^ Boone, Christian (25 September 2013). "
Narconon of Georgia
surrenders license, avoids prosecution". Atlanta Journal-Constitution.
Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Cox Media Group. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
^ Fleischer, Jodie (24 September 2013). "Insurer moves to drop
Narconon of Georgia for fraud". WSB TV 2. Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Cox
Media Group. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
^ a b c Ortega, Tony (15 March 2014). "Ryan Hamilton files two new
suits against Scientology's drug rehab network — in California".
Retrieved 19 March 2014.
Narconon Fresh Start". Naronon.org. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
^ "Amato Complaint".
^ "Estrada Complaint".
^ a b Ortega, Tony (26 February 2014). "Ryan Hamilton files another
lawsuit against Scientology's Nevada drug rehab facility". Retrieved
19 March 2014.
^ "Tarr Complaint".
^ Gallegos, Megan (26 February 2014). "
Narconon Rehab Called a
Scientology Come-on". Courthouse News Service. Pasadena, California:
Courthouse News. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
^ Ortega, Tony (14 April 2014). "
Scientology litigation always has
surprises: A new wrinkle from Narconon's attorneys". The Underground
Bunker. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
^ Ortega, Tony. "Scientology's drug rehab facility in Nevada sued over
the usual litany of deceptions".
^ "Welch Complaint".
^ Trinh, Jean (3 February 2014). "Drug Rehab Center Tricked Patient
Into Studying Scientology, Lawsuit Says". LAist. Los Angeles:
Gothamist. Archived from the original on 11 March 2014. Retrieved 7
^ a b c "Scientology's drug rehab hit with another lawsuit; Laura D
asked to turn over computer". The Underground Bunker. 24 April 2014.
Retrieved 2 May 2014.
^ Baca, Nathan (12 May 2014). "I-Team: Lawsuits target Scientology
rehab center in Nev". 8 News Now KLAS-TV LAS VEGAS. Retrieved 24 May
2014. Other documents obtained by Hamilton show
Narconon its "bridge" to moving patients into religious
^ LeFlore, Jeanne (22 May 2014). "
Narconon faces federal lawsuit".
McAlester News-Capital. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
^ "Scientology's drug rehab network sued for conspiring to misuse
counseling credentials". The Underground Bunker. Retrieved 23 May
2014. After citing dozens of misuses of the NAFC’s certifications
and logos, the lawsuit then aims at the overall picture — that
Scientology has conspired to misuse these trademarks in order to give
Narconon a veneer of legitimacy, and, by extension, to Scientology
^ "NAFC, INC. VS NARCONON AND CHURCH OF SCIENTOLOGY INT'L".
Richardson, Richardson, Boudreaux & Keesling, PLLC, Attorneys for
Plaintiffs National Association of Forensic Counselors, Inc. and
American Academy of Certified Forensic Counselors, Inc. d/b/a ACCFC of
Certified Forensic Counselors. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
^ Lu, Alicia. "SCIENTOLOGY-INFLUENCED 'NARCONON' DRUG PROGRAM SNEAKS
ITS WAY BACK INTO CALIFORNIA'S PUBLIC SCHOOLS". BUSTLE. Retrieved 29
^ "Federal Lawsuit Filed Against
Narconon For Fake Certification".
news9.com Oklahoma's Own. 27 May 2014. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
^ "Scribd Grand Jury Subpoena, Eric Tenorio". Retrieved 17 June
Narconon of Oklahoma". Retrieved 17 June 2014.
Oklahoma Grand Jury Process". Retrieved 17 June 2014.
^ "National Association of Forensic Counselors web site". Retrieved 17
^ "Scribd court document, CARF civil complaint". Retrieved 17 June
^ "Scribd Fort Collins
Narconon court documents".
Retrieved 31 July 2015.
^ a b Baca, N. "I-Team: Patients Struggle at
Center". KLAS-TV Las Vegas. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
^ Algarin, Mat (12 November 2014). "Crystal Beach treatment facility
to expand". Northwest
Florida Daily News. Archived from the original
on 29 November 2014. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
^ NarcononUK. "From Warrior to Emissary of Hope - Manchester's Drug
Free Ambassador, NarcononUK press release". freestylejournalism.net.
Archived from the original on 21 February 2013. Retrieved 26 September
^ "Get Off Drugs Naturally". Retrieved 20 May 2015.
^ Tarnopolsky, Noga (20 September 2012). "Church of
center in Israel,
Scientology is expanding abroad, this time to the
Middle East". Mail Online. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
^ Reynolds, Matt (8 September 2012). "Patient Sues Scientology-Based
Clinic". Courthous News. Archived from the original on 21 September
2012. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
^ Reynolds, Emma (20 September 2012). "Former drug addict sues
Scientology-based clinic after he jumped off balcony following week of
treatment". Mail Online. London. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
^ Church of Scientology, Toronto. "
Scientology Anti-Drug Campaign: Say
No to Drugs, Say Yes to Life". Archived from the original on 2 March
2012. Retrieved 7 October 2012.
^ Sober Living in Orange County home page
^ Behrendt, Barbara (13 April 2009). "Neighbors protest plans to
expand Suncoast Rehabilitation Center in Spring Hill". Tampa Bay
Times. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012. Retrieved 8
^ Childes, Joe (August 25, 2014). "Scientology-related
center may have violated law". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 5 June
^ Childs, Joe (25 July 2014). "Operators of
Scientology rehab center
to open Clearwater halfway house". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 4
December 2015. The Spring Hill center's website instructs
drug-dependent users to first seek treatment at a detox unit and then
transfer in. It does not suggest a specific facility, but a Feshbach
company owns one a few miles away — Novus Medical Detox Center in
New Port Richey.
^ Teen-anon home page at
Narconon Vista Bay
^ Muir, Hugh (13 August 2012). "Diary". The Guardian. Retrieved 20
March 2014. Who else will be sad that the Olympics is over? Well there
may well be a post-Games dip among members of L Ron Hubbard's
Scientology organisation. For they seemed to be doing good business
around Tower Bridge, handing out literature linked to the
organisation. The little booklets promised The Truth About Drugs.
Scientology nor L Ron are mentioned. Just his Foundation for a
Drug-Free World, the web address for which sits on the Scientology
website. Everyone was fair game this weekend. Even a passing
15-year-old. That sort of opportunity might not come again.
^ DeSio, John (31 May 2007). "The Rundown on Scientology's
Purification Rundown: What
Scientologists aren't telling you about
their detox program (and how much it's costing you)". New York
^ Proctor, Jeff. "
Scientology Base Denied By Officials". Albuquerque
Journal. Retrieved 27 June 2010. [permanent dead link]
Scientology awards reach out to black community". Retrieved 19
Scientologists Finding Unlikely Allies in Other Faiths". Retrieved
19 November 2013.
^ Jacobs, Robin. "Is
Scientology in Your Schools?" (PDF). The
Humanist. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
Narconon Drug Abuse Prevention Program Evaluation by the State of
Narconon Exposed Information deleted from Way
Doctrine of Exchange
Emotional tone scale
Jesus in Scientology
History of Dianetics
Alaska Mental Health Enabling Act
Scientology editing on
Death of Lisa McPherson
Death of Elli Perkins
Death of Kaja Ballo
The Fishman Affidavit
Guardian's Office operations
Operation Snow White
Scientology and Me
Scientology as a business
The Secrets of Scientology
Tax status in the US
"The Thriving Cult of Greed and Power"
"We Stand Tall"
Arenz, Röder and Dagmar v. Germany
California v. Armstrong
Scientology International v. Fishman and Geertz
Scientology International v. Time Warner, Inc., et al.
Scientology Moscow v. Russia
Scientology v. Sweden
Hernandez v. Commissioner
Hill v. Church of
Scientology of Toronto
Religious Technology Center
Religious Technology Center v. Netcom On-Line Communication Services,
R. v. Church of
Scientology of Toronto
United States v. Hubbard
X. and Church of
Scientology v. Sweden
Church of Scientology
Church of Spiritual Technology
Hubbard Association of
International Association of Scientologists
L. Ron Hubbard
L. Ron Hubbard House
Religious Technology Center
Scientology Missions International
Status by country
L. Ron Hubbard
Mary Sue Hubbard
Ali's Smile: Naked Scientology
Being Tom Cruise
Scientology and the Aftermath
"A Token of My Extreme"
A Very Merry Unauthorized Children's
Association for Better Living and Education
List of members
Citizens Commission on Human Rights
Concerned Businessmen's Association of America
Cult Awareness Network
Moxon & Kobrin
New York Rescue Workers
Oxford Capacity Analysis
Safe Environment Fund
Second Chance Program
The Way to Happiness
World Institute of
Youth for Human Rights International