NARCONON INTERNATIONAL (commonly known as NARCONON) is an
organization that promotes the theories of
Scientology founder L. Ron
Hubbard regarding substance abuse treatment and addiction . Its parent
company is the
Association for Better Living and Education (ABLE),
which is owned and controlled by the Church of
Hollywood , California, U.S.,
several dozen residential centers worldwide, chiefly in the United
States and Western Europe. The organization was formed in 1966 by
Scientologist William Benitez with Hubbard's help. Benitez contacted
Hubbard after reading his book, _Scientology: The Fundamentals of
Narconon was incorporated in 1970.
While both the Church of
Narconon state that Narconon
is a secular program, that it is independent of Scientology, and that
it provides legitimate drug education and rehabilitation, Narconon
has been described by many government reports and former patients as a
Scientology front group .
The program has garnered considerable controversy as a result of its
Scientology and its methods.
Narconon has claimed that
mainstream medicine is "biased" against it, and that "people who
endorse so-called controlled drug use cannot be trusted to review a
program advocating totally drug-free living."
Narconon has said that
criticism of its programs is "bigoted", and that its critics are "in
favor of drug abuse ... they are either using drugs or selling drugs."
Its drug rehabilitation treatment has been described as "medically
unsafe", "quackery " and "medical fraud", while academic and
medical experts have dismissed its educational program as containing
"factual errors in basic concepts such as physical and mental effects,
addiction and even spelling".
Hubbard's writings, which underlie the program, state that drugs and
their metabolites are stored in the body's fatty tissue , causing the
addict's cravings when partially released later on, and can be flushed
out through a regimen known as
Purification Rundown , which involves
exercise, sauna and intake of high doses of vitamins. Whereas some
have said that this hypothesis is contradicted by experimental
evidence, and is not accepted by mainstream medicine or education,
there have been at least seven peer-reviewed published papers between
1984 and 2012 attesting to the efficacy and healthfulness of the
Hubbard sauna detoxification protocol. Although Narconon's
claimed 75% to 80% success rate has been refuted by both drug experts
and former employees, there has been one peer-reviewed published
paper (authored by
Narconon executive Marie Cecchini Sternquist)
studying Narconon’s post-graduation “routine outcome monitoring”
which validated this success rate, at least at
Narconon's facilities have been the location of several deaths, some
of which have been linked to a lack of trained medical personnel on
site. There are no independently recognized studies that confirm the
efficacy of the
* 1 History
* 1.1 Origins
* 1.2 21st century
Drug rehabilitation program
* 3.1 Overview
* 3.3 Training Routines
* 3.4 Efficacy
* 3.5 Studies on sauna detoxification program
* 4 Education program
* 4.3 United Kingdom
* 4.4 Cecchini/Lennox study
* 5 Deaths
* 5.1 Jocelyne Dorfmann, Grancey-sur-Ource, France (1984)
* 5.2 Paride Ella and Giuseppe Tomba, Valsassina, Italy (1995)
* 5.3 Federica X, Torre dell\'Orso, Italy (2002)
* 5.4 Patrick Desmond, Norcross, Georgia, United States (2008)
* 5.5 Deaths at
Narconon Arrowhead, Oklahoma, United States
* 5.5.2 Kaysie Dianne Werninck
* 5.5.3 Gabriel Graves
* 5.5.4 Hillary Holten
* 5.5.5 Stacy Murphy
* 5.5.6 Public and media response
* 6 Controversies
* 6.1 State code violations
* 6.2 Investigation in Russia
Trois-Rivières closed by
Quebec health authorities
* 6.4 Pur Detox suicide attempt
* 6.5 Arrest of
* 6.6 Slatkin fraud
* 6.7 Head of
Narconon deported from
* 6.8 Accusation of website graphics design/layout plagiarism
Narconon Georgia closed amid investigation for insurance fraud
Narconon in Nevada sued
* 9 National Association of Forensic Counselors lawsuit
* 10 Grand Jury in
* 11 Fort Collins Colorado
* 12 Spin-offs and related groups
Narconon and support from other religious groups
* 14 See also
* 15 References
* 16 External links
Narconon, with the
Scientology program, is another example of the
Dianetics and Scientology. ”
Scientology and It's (sic) Applications,
L. Ron Hubbard, founder of
Scientology , upon whose ideology the
Narconon program is based.
Narconon was established 19 February 1966 as a drug rehabilitation
program based on the book _Scientology: The Fundamentals of Thought_
L. Ron Hubbard and delivered to drug abusers in the
Prisons . The name "Narconon" originally referred not to an
organization but to the program.
Narconon's creator was William C. Benitez, a former inmate at Arizona
State Prison who had served time for narcotics offenses. His work was
L. Ron Hubbard , and in 1972 Hubbard
sponsored the incorporation of
Narconon as an organization. It was
co-founded by Benitez and two Scientologists,
Henning Heldt and Arthur
Narconon became established,
Scientology and Dianetics
were promoted as providing a cure for drug addiction. In 1970 the
Reverend John W. Elliot, senior minister of the Church of Scientology
and chairman of its Drug Abuse Prevention team, announced that
"Dianetic Counseling" had "completely cured 30 out of 30 people" who
came to the Church of
Scientology for help. Rev. Elliott also reported
Dianetics could cure hay fever , asthma and arthritis .
In the early days of Narconon, no distinction was made between
Scientology's 'religious' and 'secular' branches;
Scientologists to be an example of
action. "Narconon, with the
Scientology program, is another example of
the workability of
Dianetics and Scientology", said an adherent in
1970. "The program has been expanded and is used in all Scientology
churches and missions".
Narconon website reports that the keynote of
Narconon is that the
“…individual is responsible for his own condition and that anyone
can improve his condition if he is given a workable way to do so…
man is basically good and it is pain, suffering, and loss that lead
him astray.” It positions the program as an approach to
rehabilitation without recourse to alternative drugs. This early
program did not, however, deal directly with withdrawal symptoms. In
Narconon program adopted procedures to include drug-free
A number of celebrities have publicly attested that
helpful in their own lives. Musician
Nicky Hopkins and actress Kirstie
Alley have credited
Narconon for their recovery from addiction to
drugs and alcohol. Alley has since become a public spokesperson for
New York Rescue Workers Detoxification Project has used
Hubbard's sauna detoxification regimen in an effort to improve the
health of rescue workers exposed to toxic substances from 9/11,
although the results are disputed. Toxicologist Dr Ronald E. Gots
Purification Rundown program in a 1987 report
on its use by
The treatment in
California preyed upon the fears of concerned
workers, but served no rational medical function. ... Moreover, the
program itself, developed not by physicians or scientists, but by the
founder of the Church of Scientology, has no recognized value in the
established medical and scientific community. It is quackery .
In 2004 and 2005, _WISE at Work_ magazine and _International
Scientology News_ each published articles clarifying the relationship
Narconon and Scientology; each placed
Scientology's 'Division 6B', with responsibility for introducing the
By the end of 2005, according to the International Association of
Narconon was operating 183 rehabilitation centers
around the world. New centers opened in that year included Hastings,
UK (now closed), and Stone Hawk, in
Battle Creek ,
Narconon President Clark Carr asserted that drug prevention lectures
“have been given to over 2 million children and adults over several
decades..and are currently being delivered across the United States,
all New England States, Washington D.C., Georgia, Florida, Oklahoma
and surrounding states,
Michigan and Illinois, Texas, New Mexico,
Idaho, California, Nevada, Hawaii and possibly others” in response
to an inquiry from _The Humanist._
On 17 July 2006,
(Three-Rivers) based in Canada, started a website at narcodex.ca.
Narcodex was a wiki purported to contain drug information. The domain
name of Narcodex.ca was owned by ABLE Canada , an organization under
Scientology. The funding for the website came entirely from the
Narconon Trois-Rivieres, which also controlled the content on the
site. The center was closed by the local health authorities in 2012.
In July 2013,
Narconon proposed to acquire the 150 acre Hockley,
Ontario estate of
Donald Blenkarn , who had died the previous year.
Narconon planned to convert the estate into a drug and alcohol
rehabilitation center, but drew widespread opposition from residents
who were opposed to the presence of a rehab center, and to the
Scientology specifically. The Blenkarn
family ultimately chose to sell to an unidentified person within the
community for below the asking price, and rejected a counter-offer
In January 2014,
Narconon instituted a Hubbard-based detoxification
program in Annapolis to treat veterans suffering from Gulf war-related
conditions. The treatments were funded by the U.S. Department of
Defense through a September 2010 grant for $633,677 given to
University of Albany in New York State, where Dr. David O. Carpenter
serves as the director of the school’s institute for Health and the
Environment and the program’s chief investigator. As of December
2014, seven Gulf War veterans completed the program. It was
administered on a 7-day per week schedule, with the regimen being
completed in 33 days. The program’s purpose was to discover whether
Hubbard’s program has a scientific basis for therapy and whether it
was effective in reducing symptoms and improving the functional status
of Gulf War veterans whose physical pain and anxiety improved upon
completion of the program. Carpenter affirmed that the program was
effective in his own treatment.
NARCONON AND SCIENTOLOGY
Scientology front group ,
Narconon has attracted protests
Scientology campaigners .
Its affiliation with the Church of
Scientology has made Narconon
itself a focus of controversy. The organization has never denied that
many of its administrators are committed
Scientologists or that its
methods are based on the teachings of
L. Ron Hubbard . In its early
Narconon used unaltered
Scientology materials in its courses,
Scientology executives ran the organization (founders Heldt and
Maren were high-ranking members of the Church's public-relations
department known as the Guardian\'s Office ).
In April 1970,
Scientology spokesman Max Prudente described Narconon
as, "Based solely on the philosophy and tenets of Scientology",
claiming an 85% success rate.
Narconon promoted its drug-treatment services to a
variety of governmental jurisdictions within the US, the organization
repeatedly found itself at the center of controversy when the
Scientology connection was raised by journalists or politicians.
The link with
Scientology raised questions about the constitutional
appropriateness of governmental bodies sponsoring a religiously
affiliated organization (see _
Lemon v. Kurtzman _). These problems
were further intensified by claims that the treatment program was
medically unsound and numerous allegations that the
program serves as a fundraising and recruitment program for the Church
of Scientology. From 1964 to 1995, the Founding Church of
Washington, D.C. . The building was raided by the FBI
in July 1977.
By the late 1970s,
Scientology was keen to disavow its connection
with Narconon. When the
Scientology offices on 8 July 1977
, papers seized revealed that
Scientologists were instructed to refer
Narconon and other "front groups " using code names :
Codes should be used for the names of front groups that we do not
want connected with the C of S and for anything that gives specific
and actual evidence that the C of S is in legal control of B6 groups .
In the 1990s,
Narconon was at pains to deny all links to Scientology;
in 1994 John Wood, the head of
Narconon UK, denied any connection
Narconon and Scientology, saying, "I know beyond doubt that
Narconon does not recruit for nor promote the Church of Scientology",
despite the final stage in Narconon's process for patients at that
time being "Route to nearest Org (
Scientology organisation) for
further services", but by 2001
Scientology spokesman Graeme Wilson
Narconon as Scientology's "affiliate charity".
A 1–5 March 1998 _Boston Herald_ series exposed how two
Narconon and the
World Literacy Crusade ,
used anti-drug and learn-to-read programs to gain access to public
schools without disclosing their
Heber Jentzsch ,
president of the Church of
Scientology International , who said in an
interview that the
Purification Rundown saved his life, confirmed
after the _Herald_ report was published that the church's Los Angeles
law firm had hired a private-investigative firm to investigate the
personal life of reporter Joseph Mallia, who wrote the series. The
_Herald_ noted numerous other instances over the years where reporters
were harassed with "noisy investigations " after writing stories
Narconon employees describe themselves as 'FSM's, a
Scientology abbreviation for Field Staff Member, while in the U.S.
state of Georgia a memo released under court order showed Narconon
executive director Mary Rieser reporting directly to The Church of
Office of Special Affairs as well as to parent
organisation ABLE .
DRUG REHABILITATION PROGRAM
The treatment ... served no rational medical function. Moreover,
the program itself ... has no recognized value in the established
medical and scientific community. It is quackery .
— Toxicologist Dr Ronald E. Gots,
Since its establishment,
Narconon has faced considerable controversy
over the safety and effectiveness of its rehabilitation methods and
the organization's links to the Church of Scientology. The medical
profession has been sharply critical of Narconon's methods, which rely
on theories of drug metabolism that are not supported by mainstream
Narconon teaches that drugs reside in body fat, and
remain there indefinitely; and that to recover from drug abuse,
addicts can remove the drugs from their fat through saunas and use of
vitamins. Medical experts disagree with this basic understanding of
physiology, saying that no significant amount of drugs are stored in
fat, and that drugs can't be "sweated out" as
Narconon claims. In one
2005 report scientific experts stated that Narconon's treatment
methods “does not reflect accurate, widely accepted medical and
Particular criticism has been directed at the therapy's use of
vitamins (including massive doses of niacin ) and extended sauna
Dr. David Root, an occupational medicine practitioner and a member of
Narconon Scientific Advisory Board, defended the program’s
validity. He told the San Francisco Chronicle in 1991 that drugs and
other poisons “come out through the skin in the form of sebaceous,
or fatty, sweat. The material is frequently visible and drips, or is
rubbed off on towels.” This apparently explains the need for
“daily doses of vitamins, minerals, and oils, including niacin.”
The "New Life Program" consists of two principal stages:
'detoxification ' and 'rehabilitation'. The "New Life Detoxification
Program", adapted from Hubbard's _
Purification Rundown _, consists of
six elements: exercise , sauna , supplements, sufficient liquids,
regular diet with fresh vegetables, and adequate sleep.
Each U.S. patient spends an average of 3 to 4 months at Narconon, for
a fee that ranges from $10,000 to around $30,000.
There are more than 200 beds at
Narconon Arrowhead, according to John
Bitinas, who is part of the public relations staff for the facility.
Asked whether medications are used to help patients going through
withdrawal, he said that "
Narconon is drug-free, meaning we do not use
substitute drugs as part of our rehabilitation process." All patients
are assessed at enrollment to determine whether they are
"psychiatrically or medically qualified for the level of care we offer
here. If they are found to need a higher level of care then Narconon
is qualified to offer at that time, they are referred to a more
appropriate facility." If patients require medications to treat
physical conditions like diabetes, infections, and so on, those
medications are prescribed by the
Narconon physician, who is part-time
but available on-call on a 24-hour basis, according to Bitinas.
Human fat cells. Narconon's treatment is based on L. Ron Hubbard
's claim that drug residues are stored in fat cells for many years,
and that these residues can be 'flushed out' by saunas and high doses
of niacin . Medical science has shown this theory to be incorrect.
The detoxification program is based on Hubbard's theory that "small
amounts of drugs stored in fat are released at a later time causing
the person to re-experience the drug effect and desire to use again."
According to Narconon, exercise helps to release toxins from body fat
as fat deposits are burned for energy, while concurrently releasing
chemicals via sweating, sebum (produced by the skin's sebaceous
glands), and regular bowel movements.
Narconon is not a medical model. The
Narconon program rejects the
disease model of addiction , and its program literature has described
the terminology used by that model as being disempowering to patients.
Narconon model is based on that idea that “when given efficient
and caring help to learn new personal life skills and to raise his or
her ability to solve personal problems, including physical addiction,
the recovering addict can achieve true, lasting recovery.” It
rejects the idea that addiction is an “incurable disease,”
attempting to demonstrate that “with the proper rehabilitation and
life skills education, an alcoholic or other drug addict can in fact
permanently recover from the disability of addiction.”
Narconon treatment program follows the "social education" model
of drug rehabilitation. The program is four to six months long and
includes a regimen of detoxification that includes "aerobic exercise,
dry-sauna sweating, hydration and nutrition supplements; life skills
trainings; and personalized plans for after-graduation living." The
main premise of the detoxification regimen is that "the activation of
drug residuals stored in the body can elicit drug cravings in the
former drug user thus tempting relapse. The
regimen is designed to eliminate drug residues from drug users' bodies
and thus reduce the cravings that may be caused by these residues."
Experts from mainstream medicine and toxicology have repeatedly
argued that Hubbard's method has no validity: "one may from a
pharmacological point of view strongly question the idea of using
enforced sweating to expel drugs from the body", says Professor Folke
Sjoqvist in a 1996 report for the Swedish government, while an
Oklahoma Board of Mental Health report from 1990 states that,
"Although minute quantities of some drugs may be found in sweat the
amount represents a small fraction of drug elimination".
In a deposition concerning the death of Patrick Desmond at Narconon
Georgia , expert witness Dr. Louis A. Casal was questioned by
plaintiff’s attorney Jeff Harris:
Harris: And the sauna program, what
Narconon contends is that in --
it in fact detoxifies your body. True?
Harris: But there's no scientific basis that you can point me to to
support that contention, is there, sir?
Casal: You're correct.
Harris: So when
Narconon states that the sauna program detoxifies its
students, you're not aware, as a medical doctor, of any scientific
basis for that contention?
Casal: I agree.
Harris: The vitamin regimen. You're familiar with the vitamin
Casal: Yes, sir.
Harris: What -- do you have an opinion about whether or not the
vitamin regimen is effective at treating addiction?
Casal: I believe that it has very likely no bearing whatsoever on the
treatment of addiction.
Narconon asserts that methadone, amphetamines, methamphetamines,
morphine, copper, mercury, and other toxins, some consumed years
earlier, leave the body by means of sweating. This contrasts with the
view of the body's drug retention taken by mainstream science , which
has found that most recreational drugs leave the body within a few
days (with the exception of cannabis , which in the case of frequent
use can remain in the body for up to a month).
The structural formula of niacin - the molecule at the center of
According to Narconon, vitamin and mineral supplements are needed to
address nutritional deficiencies and offset nutrient loss due to
sweating. Other key elements in the program are the use of niacin ,
which Hubbard believed to increase free fatty acid mobilization, and
the inclusion of polyunsaturated fats that he thought to increase the
excretion rate of some toxin compounds. Together with a proper amount
of sleep, this regime is thought by
Narconon to mobilize and eliminate
long-term stored toxins.
Narconon's "drug bomb" includes a niacin dose of 4000 mg/day. The
risk to patients of taking high-dose niacin is one reason why medical
experts assessing the
Narconon program have found that it is a danger
to patients; the
Narconon program has been banned in a number of
jurisdictions including France and Quebec.
Narconon doctrines dictate that patients undergoing its
program exhibit physical symptoms relating to the drugs that are
(supposedly) being 'sweated out', and because Narconon's staff are not
medically qualified or typically qualified in orthodox drug
rehabilitation , there is a risk that serious medical symptoms - from
niacin overdose , or from other causes - may be misinterpreted by
Narconon staff as the desirable effects of detoxification :
Narconon Program exposes its patients to the risk of delayed
withdrawal phenomena such as seizures , delirium and/or hallucinations
. ... The
Narconon program presents a potential risk to the patients
Narconon program that delayed withdrawal phenomena such as
seizures , delirium or hallucination that are occasionally seen
several days after cessation of drugs such as benzodiazepines, may be
misinterpreted by Narconon's non-medical staff as the effect of
mobilizing the drug from fat during the sauna sweat-out procedure
period. There is also a potential risk that the reported re-experience
of the abused drugs' effect during the sauna sweat-out program may be
the result of misinterpreted symptoms of hyperthermia or electrolyte
The remainder of the
Narconon course uses "Training Routines" or
"TRs" originally devised by Hubbard to teach communications skills to
Scientologists. In the
Narconon variant, these courses claim to be
designed to rehabilitate drug abusers. These training routines
sometimes include TR 8, which involves the individual commanding an
ashtray to "stand up" and "sit down", and thanking it for doing so, as
loudly as they can. Former
Scientologists say that the purpose of
the drill is for the individual to "beam" their "intention" into the
ashtray to make it move.
There is currently no reliable evidence for the effectiveness of
Narconon as a primary or secondary drug prevention program.
— Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services
Narconon typically claims success rates as high as 75% of the
graduates of the
Narconon program remaining drug-free for the rest of
their lives, and has in the past claimed "very close to a 100%
success rate". However, these numbers are highly controversial, and
there exist no independent studies that support these claims.
Independent researchers have found considerably lower rates of
success. At least one website critical of
Narconon cites a Swedish
research study that gives a rate of 6.6%.
Narconon has reported the
same study's findings as being much more favorable, although its
representation of the study is greatly simplified.
The Church of
Scientology claims that "the
Narconon success rate is
not merely the world’s highest, it is four times better than
international averages", while a systematic review of evidence
regarding Narconon's efficacy conducted by the Norwegian Knowledge
Centre for the Health Services on behalf of the Norwegian Directorate
of Health concluded that:
Collectively, one quasi-experimental and five non-experimental
studies document lack of evidence of the preventive effects of these
programs. Thus, there is currently no reliable evidence for the
Narconon as a primary or secondary drug prevention
program. This is partly due to the insufficient research evidence
Narconon and partly due to the non-experimental nature of the
few studies that exist.
In April 2014, the town council of
Wyong refused permission for
Narconon to open a new centre at
Yarramalong, New South Wales , saying
that Narconon's method of treatment was a factor in the decision.
Wyong Mayor Doug Eaton said:
To be allowed in the area it'd have to be defined as a hospital and
there wasn't enough material to demonstrate it could be so defined
because my understanding of the rehab process it that it is more of a
religious process than it is a medical process. — Church of
Scientology drug rehab centre rejected, Australian Broadcasting
STUDIES ON SAUNA DETOXIFICATION PROGRAM
An article published in 2006, “Chemical exposures at the World
Trade Center: Use of Hubbard
Detoxification Regimen to Improve
the Health Status of New York City Rescue Workers Exposed to
Toxicants” discusses studies that show that among exposed workers,
detoxification “reduces body burdens of PCBs, PBBs, dioxins, various
drugs, and pesticides, with concurrent symptomatic movement.” It
mentions that published material over the last 20 years show that the
regimen “can improve memory, cognitive functions, immune parameters,
and general physical condition in different study populations.” A
review of 484 patients also showed that those who were exposed to
World Trade Center contaminants who completed the detoxification
program benefited from it with improved quality of life and job
A 2011 report by Gerald H Ross and Marie C Sternquist,
“Methamphetamine exposure and chronic illness in police officers”
showed significant improvement with Hubbard’s detoxification
sauna-based therapy. The report concludes that the investigation
suggests that “utilizing sauna and nutritional therapy may alleviate
chronic symptoms appearing after chemical exposures associated with
methamphetamine-related law enforcement activities.”
Scientologists from Clearwater ,
Florida tried to get a
Narconon drug-education program installed into the Pinellas County
school district. After a hearing on the matter, a school-district
committee refused to allow students to participate in an anti-drug
program based on the teachings of
Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard,
citing that teaching students about the "tone scale " and other
Scientology was inappropriate for a drug-education
program for their schools.
Narconon offered an anti-drug program to public schools in
California, free of charge. A series of articles in the _San Francisco
Chronicle_ on 9 and 10 June 2004, resulted in
officials investigating Narconon's claims. The study found that
Narconon's program did not reflect medically and scientifically based
practices and that it offered students misleading information about
drug use and abuse.
As a result of the investigation, on 23 February 2005, the state's
superintendent of public instruction, Jack O'Connell, officially
recommended that all schools in the state reject the
O'Connell's secretary announced that the school systems in Los
Angeles and San Francisco had dropped the program. The president of
Narconon, Clark Carr, responded that the study presented only limited
information about his organization's work, and that those efforts were
"accurate and relevant to the current challenges children face with
A May 2014 investigation by the _San Francisco Chronicle_ discovered
California schools were still using the
Narconon program, in
spite of its 2004 rejection by the San Francisco Unified School
District. Steve Heilig, one of the experts who evaluated the Narconon
education program on behalf of the school district, finding it to be
scientifically unsound, urged schools to check the accreditation of
drug education programs before allowing them access to students,
saying "One imperative of drug education is that we not deceive
students, as once they discover that you are not telling them factual
information, they are likely to disbelieve everything you say".
The UK prisons ombudsman recommended to prison governors that
Narconon rehabilitation programs not be used in prisons although some
schools in the UK are using these programs; _The
Sunday Times _ said
this was because schools are less aware of Narconon's links to the
Church of Scientology.
In September 2012, the 149 Church of England schools in the Diocese
of London were warned not to accept offers from
Narconon to give
lectures to their pupils, following complaints from parents. A
Narconon newsletter claimed that the organisation's anti-drug
Newham schools were funded by blue chip companies
including John Lewis , Marks Hillary Holten, 21, who was found dead at
the facility on 11 April 2012; 32-year-old Gabriel Graves, who died
there on 26 October 2011; and 28-year-old Kaysie Dianne Werninck, also
a patient at
Narconon Arrowhead, who was found dead on 3 March 2009.
Following media attention surrounding the deaths, the National
Association of Forensic Counselors permanently revoked the Certified
Chemical Dependency Counseling certification of several Narconon
Arrowhead employees including director Gary Smith, and in August 2013
Oklahoma Department of Mental Health Substance Abuse Services
permanently revoked the facility's permit for medical detoxification
Narconon had exhausted all avenues for protesting the decision.
In August 2013, Inspector General Kim Poff, and investigator Michael
DeLong, of the
Oklahoma Department of Mental Health and Substance
Abuse, who had been investigating the deaths that had taken place at
Narconon, had their employment terminated. No reason was given for the
termination, but the investigators' attorney claimed (after the
termination of their employment) that the two were wrongfully fired,
saying: "Their termination, in part, relates to the Narconon
Narconon In Oklahoma
Something's terribly wrong there. We sent her there to get better,
not to die.
— Robert Murphy, father of deceased Stacy Dawn Murphy,
Narconon's first presence in the state of
Oklahoma was at the
Chilocco Indian Agricultural School, near Newkirk .
Narconon made the
argument that operating on an
Indian Reservation obviated the need for
a state license.
Narconon began operations in
Oklahoma in 1990, as an unlicensed
facility on the site of the
Chilocco Indian Agricultural School
Chilocco Indian Agricultural School near
the town of Newkirk , claiming that it did not require a state
licence, as it was operating on an
Indian reservation . In 1992 it
applied for a state licence, and was twice refused by the Oklahoma
Mental Health Department, which found "no evidence that drug and
alcohol abuse education was part of the program" and declared the
program "not medically safe", a decision to which Narconon
Kirstie Alley responded, "The arrogance and
irresponsibility of the mental health board will not survive the
outrage of the many thousands of parents, graduates and supporters
from the scientific community".
During the period 1989-1992,
Tim Bowles ) filed lawsuits against the
Oklahoma Board of Mental
Health and Substance Abuse , its members, and local newspaper
editor Robert Lobsinger (who had written about Narconon's Scientology
Narconon contacted the Mayor of Newkirk's 12-year-old
son at a library, and hired a private detective firm to research
Narconon's opponents, leading residents to fear retribution if they
spoke out against Narconon.
Narconon spokesman quoted by _
The New York Times _ described
Narconon's critics in Newkirk as "in favor of drug abuse… They're
either connected to selling drugs or they're using drugs."
Oklahoma , where various law enforcement agencies
are investigating recent deaths.
Narconon achieved exemption from the requirement for state licensing
in 1992, as a result of approval from the Commission on Accreditation
of Rehabilitation Facilities .
Scientology leader David Miscavige
commented on the case in an interview with
ABC News _
saying, "There are a group of people on this planet who find us to be
a threat to their existence, and they will do everything in their
power to stop us. And that is the mental health field. I didn't pick a
war with them."
In 2012, a paid advert in the _
Oklahoma Gazette _ contained
allegations from a previously unknown group named "Oklahomans for the
preservation of homeland security and american values, (ohsav)" . The
advert referred to recent TV news stories about
Scientology, named some of Narconon's critics in Oklahoma, and alleged
those critics had "subjugated individuality for own thirst for
hatred", had an "agenda of religious intolerance, racial
discrimination or disdain for corporate America", and blamed them for
"public disinformation hate campaigns against Blacks, Jews, Muslims
and Scientologists". The advertisement showed the characteristics of
Scientology "DA flier" .
Kaysie Dianne Werninck
The parents of Kaysie Dianne Werninck, who died at
on 3 March 2009, filed a lawsuit against the center claiming her death
was "a result of the defendant's gross negligence". The case was
Gabriel Graves, who died at the facility in October 2011, was the
subject of an open records request made to the
Department of Mental Health by the
Tulsa World newspaper, which
revealed reports of use and distribution of drugs at the centre. His
autopsy recorded his cause of death as 'unknown'.
Hillary Holten, whose parents filed a lawsuit against Narconon
Arrowhead, is alleged by her parents to have died due to lack of
medical care. Their lawsuit states that she "had a history of
Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia , a condition that required the daily
Dexamethasone and in extreme circumstances, an
injection of liquid cortisone ", and that
Narconon Arrowhead did not
properly manage her medical condition. Gary Smith of Narconon
refrained from comment, adding that "there are federal rights to
privacy laws which prohibit us from discussing anything about former
Stacy Murphy's father said
Narconon officials told him that when his
daughter was found dead alone in the 'detox' room, she had not been
checked on for two and a half hours. "That's too long, if they thought
she was overdosed, why didn't they have someone with her the whole
time?" he said, adding "We sent her there to get better, not to die".
Gary Smith, director of the facility, responded in an email statement
that, "It is always deeply saddening when drug addiction takes a life
or destroys a family. ... For the family the pain of losing a loved
one to addiction is unimaginable."
A patient who was resident at
Narconon Arrowhead at the time of
Stacy's death said, "There was no doctor there, no nurse on staff.
There's nothing like that there ... The staff, they're all former
patients. ... My understanding is that everyone there is pretty much a
former patient. ... The drugs that would have saved Stacy's life were
either not available or no one there knew how to administer it." Now
he fears retaliation for talking to the police and media: "I'm afraid
for my life."
Stacy's roommate, Destanie Ramsey, called police on the night of
Stacy's death in order to leave
Narconon Arrowhead, where she said she
was being held against her will.
Public And Media Response
Protests over the deaths have taken place outside the Narconon
centre; on 23/24 June 2012, a protest, planned to include bereaved
family members, was disrupted by road resurfacing works outside the
facility, paid for by Narconon. Pittsburg County Commission Chairman
Gene Rogers explained that, "He (Gary Smith) called me and said they
might be having a problem with the public that weekend and he wanted
help policing the area and he asked about doing overlaying (of the
Oklahoma State Senator
Tom Ivester commented that, "Clearly something
isn’t right and we have a moral obligation to do everything in our
power to end this predatory business being run by the Church of
Scientology disguised as drug treatment", adding, "This is a
disgusting business that preys on desperate family members and their
sick loved ones, scamming them out of thousands of dollars with the
promise of providing hope and new life. It’s a disgrace to have
these people operating in the state of Oklahoma." In direct response
to the Arrowhead deaths, Ivestor introduced legislation to expand
Oklahoma's ability to regulate rehab facilities.
In response to an
Rock Center news report on the facility,
Narconon President Clark Carr called its criticism of Narconon
"bigoted", and described
Narconon as addicts' "last chance for a
decent, honest, drug-free life".
STATE CODE VIOLATIONS
Narconon facilities in
California were cited repeatedly for
violations by state inspectors. Violations included administering
medication without authorization, having alcohol on the facility, and
not having proper bedding for clients.
Narconon has also attempted to
silence opposition, including sending letters to neighbors of a
proposed facility in Leona Valley ,
California threatening legal
action for criticism. Residents of the Leona Valley were concerned
Narconon would increase crime. The local town council
recommended an eight-foot security fence and independent security,
which was objected to by
Narconon Arrowhead- National Association of Forensic
Counselors President Karla Taylor told The McAlester News-Capital that
CEO Gary Smith and the employee's certificates were revoked earlier
this month. Taylor said she can't say why the certificates were
In Clearwater ,
Florida , an endorsement from the
Los Angeles County
Department of Public Social Services, which
Narconon submitted in
support of its application for a state license to conduct anti-drug
educational programs, was found to be a forgery.
INVESTIGATION IN RUSSIA
In April 2007, it was revealed that Moscow's South District office of
public procurator had begun an investigation into Narconon's
activities in Russia. The _Moskovsky Komsomolets_ daily paper reported
that legal proceedings were begun against the head of the clinic
"Narconon-Standard", for violating bans in Russian medical practices.
Russian law enforcement became interested after receiving many
complaints from citizens about the high fees charged by Narconon. The
Narconon office in Bolshaya Tulskaya St., Moscow was searched, and
documents and unidentified medications were seized.
In April 2008, as part of an investigation in
Ulyanovsk into the
Church of Scientology, police searched a
Narconon office in the town
of Dimitrovgrad .
NARCONON TROIS-RIVIèRES CLOSED BY QUEBEC HEALTH AUTHORITIES
may represent a risk to health
— Health and Social Services Agency,
On 17 April 2012,
Quebec health officials ordered the
Trois-Rivières to close, and relocate its 32 residents. After an
Narconon Trois-Rivières' activities by the Centre
Québécois d’Agrément (an independent body that monitors the
quality of healthcare), the
Mauricie Region's Health and Social
Services Agency decided not to re-certify
Narconon because of their
concerns that its methods "may represent a risk to health" of
The Agency's director, Marc Latour, said that Narconon
Trois-Rivières was dangerous for patients, that it violated many of
the criteria governing rehabilitation centres in Quebec, and that
there was no medical supervision and no scientific basis to its
treatment. He added that at least four clients had been hospitalized
in recent months because of methods used at the centre.
Trois-Rivières issued a response, saying, "People with drug
problems and their families should have a right to choose the program
that works for them as these days there are many good alternative
The closure follows a 2-year campaign by ex-
Narconon patient and
staff member David Love, whose negative experiences at Narconon
prompted him to become one of its fiercest critics in Canada. While he
Narconon Trois-Rivieres, Love reports that,
staff members withheld insulin from a diabetic patient undergoing the
sauna treatment. That young man ended up in hospital for three days,
Love said. In another , it took away a patient's antidepressants. He
jumped from a second-floor window in a suicide attempt .
Before the centre's closure,
Narconon had alleged that Love's
allegations were fictitious and that he had been bribed to make them;
Andre Ahern, Director of Legal Affairs for
It strikes me most strange that Love is now attacking the very group
that per his earlier statements saved his life. He changed his mind,
apparently, after he began receiving payments from members of the
Love is one of five former
Narconon patients who have filed a
complaint with Quebec's Human Rights Commission, alleging that their
drug addiction was exploited by Narconon, in recruiting them into the
program and making them do manual labour while taking part in it. Love
also alleges that
Narconon Trois-Rivieres earned around $16 million
Scientology between its opening in 2005 and its forced closure in
Narconon president Clark Carr stated that the facility closed because
the province changed its stance on “what kind of drug rehabilitation
it would tolerate” to “strictly medical, drug substitution, and so
Narconon was informed that it had to re-acquire a license,
but would only be approved of its method of treatment was changed.
PUR DETOX SUICIDE ATTEMPT
In September 2012, Pur Detox, a
Narconon offshoot, was sued in Orange
California for negligence, medical malpractice, and negligent
William Sweeney, the plaintiff , "suffered severe personal injuries"
after a suicide attempt , jumping from a third floor balcony at the
Dana Point , California.
Sweeney's complaint alleges that he was taken off his prescribed
psychiatric medication at the facility, and that it was this which led
to his suicide attempt .
ARREST OF HEBER JENTZSCH
In December 1988, the president of the Church of
Scientology , Heber
Jentzsch , was arrested in Spain after an investigation into Narconon
that resulted in (later dropped) allegations that he and the Church of
Scientology were defrauding Spanish citizens and running its centers
with unqualified staff. The judge in the case said at a news
conference after the arrests that the only god of the church of
Scientology is money, and he compared the church to a pyramid scheme
in which members pay increasing sums of money. He said that Narconon
swindled its clients and lured them into Scientology. In 1989, 75
Scientologists in Italy were arrested and an investigation showed that
"parents of drug addicts were paying heavy monthly fees to Narconon,
which advertised itself as a drug rehabilitation and cure center, but
getting nothing in return." By the end of 1991 the court found there
was no evidence to support prosecutors’ allegations that drug
rehabilitation and other programs sponsored by the Church of
Scientology in Spain amounted to illicit gathering aimed at activities
such as bilking people of money. In April 2002, the charge was
formally dropped. The court also ordered that the bail bond deposited
for his release in 1988 be returned to the Church along with interest,
which nearly doubled the original amount.
On 8 November 2006, the
Associated Press reported that
one of the
Scientology groups that would pay back a total of 3.5
million dollars of illegal funds from
EarthLink co-founder Reed
Slatkin, who was once an ordained
Scientology minister, paid $1.7
million from his scheme directly to
Scientology groups, while millions
of dollars more were funneled through other investors to groups
affiliated with the church, bankruptcy trustee R. Todd Neilson said in
court filings. Among the church groups to receive ill-gotten gains
from Slatkin's scheme were
Narconon International, the Church of
Celebrity Centre International and the Church of
Scientology Western United States, the filings said. The $3.5 million
being returned by the church groups was the result of a negotiated
Scientology attorney David Schindler and Alexander Pilmer,
an attorney for Neilson, said.
HEAD OF NARCONON DEPORTED FROM KAZAKHSTAN
In July 2008, the head of
Kazakhstan was deported :
Kazakh Justice Minister Zagipa Baliyeva announced that "foreigners
from the USA, Georgia, South Korea and Japan have been deported from
the country by law-enforcement agencies and in line with court rulings
for violating the rules regarding the stay of foreigners and carrying
out missionary activities without registration. In particular, with a
further ban on entering
Kazakhstan for five years, the head of the
Narconon public foundation affiliated with the Church of Scientology
has been deported," adding, "27 cases were uncovered where heads of
non-traditional religious organizations violated the law on the
freedom of conscience and religious organizations; in particular,
materials propagating radical ideas and teachings of non-traditional
religions were seized from them".
ACCUSATION OF WEBSITE GRAPHICS DESIGN/LAYOUT PLAGIARISM
In January 2001,
Narconon came under fire when they appeared to copy
the entire layout and site design of the webzine Urban75.com for their
websites heroinaddiction.com and cocaineaddiction.com, among others.
The editor of
Urban75 posted up comparisons of the copying, showing
unique to Urban75. _The Register_ noted the irony of this scandal,
quoting a critic who wrote, "
Scientology has sued countless
individuals and organizations putatively for 'copyright violation'
and the organization claims loudly that they're at the 'forefront of
protecting proprietary information on the Internet'."
NARCONON GEORGIA CLOSED AMID INVESTIGATION FOR INSURANCE FRAUD
In April 2013, agents of the insurance commissioner of Georgia and
Gwinnett County, Georgia
District attorney 's office searched the
group's offices in
Norcross, Georgia , questioning employees as they
arrived at work and impounding more than a dozen computers and boxes
full of documents. The state Insurance Commissioner said during the
investigation that "We have credible information that indicates that
insurance fraud is taking place with Narconon".
The family of one patient said that the group was billing insurance
companies for treatments that had never been given, and the doctors
for whom the costs were being billed claimed never to have met the
State investigators discovered nearly $3 million of insurance fraud
Narconon Georgia; in September 2013, the facility surrendered its
state license in order to avoid criminal charges.
NARCONON IN CALIFORNIA SUED
In March 2014, attorney Ryan Hamilton filed two civil lawsuits with
the State of California.
The first civil lawsuit was filed on behalf of Angelo Amato of
Illinois who purchased Narconon's
Purification Rundown at the
Scientology facility known as
Narconon Fresh Start (a.k.a. Sunshine
Summit Lodge) In
Warner Springs , California, after Amato searched
the Internet for drug treatment facilities and believed allegedly
fraudulent claims by
Scientology that purported to be from an
"independent consultant" web site. Amato claims to have been defrauded
of $31,000 and began the
Narconon program only to discover that it was
Scientology being practiced, alleging that no actual drug
treatment was offered at the facility.
The second civil lawsuit was filed on behalf of plaintiffs Christie
Estrada and Branden Chavez of New Mexico who also researched "drug
treatment facilities" on the Internet and were allegedly deceived by
Narconon Fresh Start in to paying $33,000 before Scientology's
Purification Rundown process could be applied, with
Start allegedly asking for $23,000 of that fee up front in cash. The
defendants in this case are also
Narconon Fresh Start.
The core plaintiff complaints cover a spectrum of allegations of
criminal misconduct by
Scientology that include insurance fraud,
Narconon is Scientology, fraudulent claims that Narconon
staff were medically trained in drug treatment, and a number of other
NARCONON IN NEVADA SUED
In February 2014, attorney Ryan Hamilton filed an additional civil
lawsuit with the State of Nevada.
Michael Tarr, a former heroin addict and
Narconon client, and his
mother Cathy, who borrowed the money to pay
Narconon for his
Narconon Fresh Start (doing business as Rainbow
Canyon Retreat) for fraud, breach of contract and negligence. The
Tarrs claimed that while resident at Narconon, Michael Tarr did not
receive detoxification treatment but rather indoctrination into
Scientology, and asked the court to award them punitive damages as
well as a refund of Narconon's $33,000 fees and their legal expenses .
The Tarr plaintiff's civil lawsuit followed closely behind a previous
civil lawsuit filed by Hamilton on behalf of David, Stacy, and Jack
Welch of Texas who also allege that
Narconon Fresh Start committed
breach of contract, fraud, and negligence.
In April 2014, Hamilton filed another lawsuit against Narconon
Nevada, this time on behalf of Harry and Lauren Geanacopulos and their
son Peter. The Geanacopulos family's complaint argues that Narconon's
programme content and success rate were misrepresented to them and
that it has no genuine medical or scientific basis.
Hamilton claimed to possess a
Narconon internal document showing that
Narconon was used as a "bridge" to introduce clients to Scientology.
NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF FORENSIC COUNSELORS LAWSUIT
In May 2014, the National Association of Forensic Counselors (NAFC)
filed a lawsuit in Oklahoma, naming Narconon, the Church of
Scientology and 80 other defendants. The NAFC is a body that
provides certification to drug abuse counsellors. The filing sought an
injunction to prevent
Narconon from using the NAFC's trademarks,
certifications or logos - it also sought punitive damages.
The filing alleged that
Narconon and the other defendants conspired
willfully misuse the NAFC logos and trademarks and falsified
certifications supposedly obtained through the NAFC or the ACCFC to
misrepresent the credentials of their employees and volunteers to
going on to claim that Narconon:
willfully misused (and continues to misuse)
Plaintiff NAFC’s logos,
trademarks and false certifications to further the goals and purposes
of the Church of
Scientology International. Specifically, Plaintiffs
claim that the misuse was calculated to increase the credibility of
Narconon Treatment Centers and the affiliated counselors, and to
expand the reach and profitability of the Church of Scientology
International to Plaintiffs’ detriment
GRAND JURY IN OKLAHOMA
On 05/Jun/14 one-time
Narconon employee Eric Tenorio was issued a
subpoena to appear before a multi-county Grand Jury in the State of
Oklahoma that is investigating alleged insurance fraud and credit card
fraud being committed at the “
Narconon Arrowhead” facility that
Scientology calls “the premiere drug rehabilitation facility in
Oklahoma.” The Grand Jury is empowered to hand down State and
Federal criminal indictments and to subpoena current and previous
employees, agents, and operators of the facility.
The Grand Jury investigation of Scientology's
facility came shortly after Tenorino filed documentation with the
Oklahoma and with the National Association of Forensic
Counselors that also investigated the claims being made by
Scientology on their web sites that resulted in NAFC filing their own
civil lawsuits against 82 named defendants working for Narconon.
FORT COLLINS COLORADO
Scientology facility operating under the name "A Life Worth
Living" there have been numerous law enforcement call-outs, medical
emergencies, and other related requests for emergency services
reported under a Freedom of Information Act request that has been made
available to the public on the Scribd document server that details
numerous recorded incidents of
Scientology operatives refusing to
allow customers to leave, refusing to return their property, and
numerous incidents of customers making 911 calls to the police that
are interrupted by
SPIN-OFFS AND RELATED GROUPS
Stall for 'The Truth About Drugs', one of the names under which
Scientology market their programs.
Narconon also market and operates
Narconon facilities under other
names, partly to hide they are part of Scientology. There are also
other Scientology-affiliated drug rehabilitation groups that are based
Purification rundown .
* BLUE BY THE SEA at Emerald Coast, Florida, is the name of the
Narconon Gulf Coast.
* DRUG FREE AMBASADORS is a
Narconon program targeting schools and
* FRESH START is a pseudonym sometimes used by Narconon's centre in
* GET OFF DRUGS NATURALLY is a business name for the Australian
* ISRAEL SAYS NO TO DRUGS is a Scientology-affiliated organization
based in Jaffa.
* PUR DETOX (also PüR DETOX with an umlaut ) is a
Scientology-affiliated clinic in
Dana Point , California. The clinic
has come under scrutiny due to a lawsuit by one of the former patients
* RAINBOW CANYON REHABILITATION CENTER, RAINBOW CANYON RETREAT or
just RAINBOW CANYON is the name of a
Narconon center in Caliente,
* SAY NO TO DRUGS SAY YES TO LIFE or YES TO LIFE, NO TO DRUGS is a
front group for
Narconon and Scientology, organizing races and street
festivals to support Narconon.
* SOBER LIVING IN ORANGE COUNTY is the purification rundown operated
at the Orange County
Scientology Org itself.
* SUNCOAST REHABILITATION CENTER is a trade name or subsidiary of
Narconon Spring Hill Inc., California. The center has come under
scrutiny from the local authorities for their patient housing. The
nearby NOVUS MEDICAL DETOX CENTER, while not directly affiliated to
Scientology, is operated by the landlord of the Suncoast center.
* TEEN-ANON or STREETCATS is a
Narconon program at the Narconon
Vista Bay facility.
* THE TRUTH ABOUT DRUGS and FOUNDATION FOR A DRUG-FREE WORLD are
slogans under which
Narconon advertise their programs
while concealing their
Though not directly linked to Narconon, the NEW YORK RESCUE WORKERS
DETOXIFICATION PROJECT and SECOND CHANCE PROGRAM are both
Scientology-affiliated and also use the Purification rundown.
NARCONON AND SUPPORT FROM OTHER RELIGIOUS GROUPS
Scientology religious figures that have voiced support for
Narconon have included
Reverend Charles Kennedy of The Glorious Church
of God in Christ, Imam Wilmore Sadiki, James Mclaughlin of the Wayman
Chapel, Baptist pastor Alfreddie Johnson ,
Reverend Catherine Bego of
the Word Evangelism Ministry, and Tony Muhammad of the Nation of Islam
Narconon website also mentions funding from more traditional
churches, apart from civic volunteer organizations, corporations,
foundations and volunteer agencies.
Los Angeles portal
Clear Body, Clear Mind
New York Rescue Workers Detoxification Project
Second Chance Program
Association for Better Living and Education
* ^ Phillip Charles Lucas; Thomas Robbins, eds. (2004). _New
Religious Movements in the Twenty-First Century: Legal, Political, and
Social Challenges in Global Perspective_. Routledge. p. 376. ISBN
9781135889012 . Retrieved 20 March 2014.
* ^ "
Narconon of Oklahoma, Inc Credentials". Retrieved 20 March
* ^ "10 News Investigators: Is the
Narconon drug treatment program
Scientology front?". Retrieved 20 March 2014.
* ^ Duff, John S.; Clark Carr (1996-09-21). "Healing drug and
alcohol addiction in the family". _New York Amsterdam News_. p. 24.
access-date= requires url= (help )
* ^ "
Narconon International Contact Info". Narconon. Retrieved 25
December 2010. , "
Narconon International 4652
Hollywood, CA 90027."
* ^ Reitman, Janet (2011). "The Celebrity Strategy". _Inside
Scientology_. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 257. ISBN 0618883029 . The
use of social reform groups to spread L. Ron Hubbard's ideas had long
been an integral part of Scientology, and was in fact one of the
original objectives of the Guardian's Office. Since the late 1960s,
the church has disseminated its philosophy through a number of
organizations with hidden ties to Scientology, notably Narconon, a
program that treats drug addiction and promotes Hubbard's holistic
detoxification regimen, the Purification Rundown.
* ^ Rachel Mendleson (Sep 2, 2013). "
Narconon meets fierce
opposition in Hockley Valley". _
Toronto Star Newspapers_. Retrieved 20
* ^ Bromley, David G. (1999). "Scientology, Church of". In Wade
Clark Roof. _Contemporary American Religion_. 2. New York: Macmillan
Reference USA. pp. 648–650. access-date= requires url= (help )
* ^ "
Narconon and Scientology". Retrieved 24 October 2013.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "
Narconon Program" (PDF).
_Westlake Post_. 30 April 1970. "The conference presented current
programs effective in alleviating drug problems. No program which
employs drug or electric shock therapy was presented, as it has been
discovered that groups which condone these techniques have only been
pretending to be effective in drug rehabilitation", said Max Prudente,
Scientology spokesman. ... "Based solely on the philosophy and tenets
of Scientology, the applied religious philosophy, this program has
achieved new and dramatic breakthroughs in the field of drug
rehabilitation. Its nearly 85% success ratio has earned high praise
from Governors, state and federal officials and correction authorities
across the U.S., " Prudente said.
* ^ "Drugs charity is front for \'dangerous\' organisation;
Insight; Focus". _
Sunday Times _. 7 January 2007. Retrieved 20 March
2014. Narconon's international website claims: "The ministry of health
in England (sic) has also directly funded
rehabilitation." But the Department of Health denies any knowledge of
this. ... Professor Stephen Kent, a Canadian academic who is an
authority on Scientology, said: "The connection between
Scientology is solid. Of course,
Scientology tries to get
Scientologists involved in the programme, but the engine behind
the programme is Scientology." ... The British government expressed
Narconon as long as eight years ago. A 1998 memo from
the Home Office's drug strategy unit warned that the charity had its
"roots in the Church of
Scientology and (is) not in the mainstream of
drug rehabilitation". Tower Hamlets council in east London advises its
schools against using Narconon. DrugScope, one of the UK's main drug
charities, said: "We feel that the quality of Narconon's information
is not objective and non-judgmental. It does not have any
credibility." Stephen Shaw, the prisons ombudsman, advised that
inmates in British jails should not receive drug education from
Narconon because it is so "closely associated with the Church of
* ^ Malcolm Knox (September 2009). "Only Itself to Blame: The
Church of Scientology". _The Monthly_. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
Though a master in using the media and the courts to protect and
project its image,
Scientology has not always been so ostentatious in
its proselytising. The church is an umbrella for subsidiary groups,
such as ... Narconon... these groups have been criticised for
appearing at Australian schools, community open days, and even having
police distribute their material, without declaring their Scientology
background. In January 2007, NSW police withdrew anti-drug pamphlets
from stations in the Hunter region when it was discovered they were
provided by Scientologists. ... Drug Free Ambassadors were handing out
their pamphlets on the Gold Coast last ‘schoolies’ week’
* ^ Behar, Richard (May 6, 1991). "Scientology: The Thriving Cult
of Greed and Power". _Time _. Retrieved 2014-03-20. DRUG TREATMENT.
Hubbard's purification treatments are the mainstay of Narconon, a
Scientology-run chain of 33 alcohol and drug rehabilitation centers --
some in prisons under the name "Criminon" -- in 12 countries.
Narconon, a classic vehicle for drawing addicts into the cult, now
plans to open what it calls the world's largest treatment center, a
1,400-bed facility on an
Indian reservation near Newkirk, Okla. (pop.
2,400). At a 1989 ceremony in Newkirk, the Association for Better
Living and Education presented
Narconon a check for $200,000 and a
study praising its work. The association turned out to be part of
Scientology itself. Today the town is battling to keep out the cult,
which has fought back through such tactics as sending private
detectives to snoop on the mayor and the local newspaper publisher.
* ^ "What Germans think about their Narconon". _
Der Spiegel _. 21
October 1991. Retrieved 20 March 2014. The enterprising Scientology
sect increases its profits thanks to the misery of addicts. The cover
organization, Narconon, offers drug rehabilitation therapy that, in
the opinion of experts and doctors in the field, is not only useless
but also dangerous. ...
Narconon closely follows the motto of the
Scientology sect's founder, Lafayette Ron Hubbard, who died in 1986 at
the age of 74. The discoverer of this pseudo-scientific hocus pocus,
gave this advice: Make money, make more money, make other people make
money. The disciples at
Narconon follow this order. It is officially
an independent subsidiary of Scientology. The
developed countless supposedly humanitarian initiatives around their
church. One example is the commission for the violations of psychiatry
against human rights. Another is the organization for the furthering
of religious tolerance and interhuman relations. In fact all these
activities, like the drug rehabilitation program, are only to further
the fame and increase the paying followers of the sect.
* ^ "The Four Basic Social Programs". _The Hawaiian-American_. 17
December 1975. Retrieved 6 September 2012. We talked with Rev. Diana
Harris, Pastor of the Church of
Scientology of Hawaii ... and she gave
us a complete background on the church's social programs for those in
need in our community. ... Another community program the church offers
Narconon - a program designed to assist persons to get off drugs
and to keep off drugs. The program was utilized in Oahu State Prison
for a while and enjoyed a very high rate of success, according to
Pastor Harris. They have been asked to consider re-introducing the
program to the prison at a later date.
* ^ "NARCONON to give awards". _
The Phoenix Gazette _. 19 May 1970.
Retrieved 6 September 2012. General information regarding the
technology of Scientology, upon which NARCONON is based, can be
secured from the Institute of Applied Philosophy
* ^ "SAN FRANCISCO / Church\'s drug program flunks S.F. test /
Panel of experts finds Scientology\'s
Narconon lectures outdated,
inaccurate". _SFGate_. Retrieved 2016-11-21.
* ^ _A_ _B_ "Families question Scientology-linked drug rehab after
Rock Center . 16 August 2012. Retrieved 3
* ^ _A_ _B_ "Town Welcomes, Then Questions a Drug Project". _New
York Times _. Associated Press. 17 July 1989. p. A13. Retrieved 13
* ^ Farley, Robert (30 March 2003). "Detox center seeks
acceptance". _St Petersburg Times_. When
Narconon opened its Chilocco
facility in 1991, the
Oklahoma Board of Mental Health issued a
blistering assessment in denying its application for certification.
"There is no credible evidence establishing the effectiveness of the
Narconon program to its patients," the board concluded. It attacked
the program as medically unsafe; dismissed the sauna program as
unproven; and criticized
Narconon for inappropriately taking some
patients off prescribed psychiatric medication.
* ^ Kyle Smith (20 April 2007). "DON\'T BE TRICKED BY -FI
New York Post _. Retrieved 20 March 2014. Those who
want a tan from his celebrity glow will urge a fair hearing for his
quackery. Obscure City Councilman Hiram Monserrate suddenly finds
himself talked about after issuing a proclamation of huzzahs for L.
Ron Hubbard. Three: The Ground Zero maladies are so baffling that
workers will try anything. Anyone who feels better will credit any
placebo at hand - whether Cruise or the Easter Bunny. In 1991, Time
called Scientology's anti-drug program "Narconon" a "vehicle for
drawing addicts into the cult" - which the magazine said "invented
hundreds of goods and services for which members are urged to give up
'donations' " - such as $1,250 for advice on "moving swiftly up the
Bridge" of enlightenment. That's New Age techno-gobbledygook for
advice on buying swiftly up the Bridge of Brooklyn.
such as the
New York Rescue Workers Detoxification Project - its Web
site immediately recognizable as the work of Hubbardites by its logo,
which looks like the cover of a Robert Heinlein paperback from 1971 -
hint that their gimmicks might possibly interest anyone dreaming of
weight loss, higher I.Q. or freedom from addiction. And you might be
extra-specially interested if you've faced heart disease, cancer,
Agent Orange or Chernobyl. As Mayor Bloomberg put it,
not science." Nope. It's science fiction.
* ^ _A_ _B_ Robert W. Welkos; Joel Sappell (27 June 1990). "Church
Seeks Influence in Schools, Business, Science". _
Los Angeles Times _.
Retrieved 13 September 2012. A fourth article did not mention Hubbard
by name, but reported favorably on Narconon, his drug and alcohol
rehabilitation program, which is run by Scientologists.
* ^ "30 arrested in Paris crackdown on Scientologists". _Agence
France-Presse_. 14 January 1992. Retrieved 20 March 2014. About 30
Scientologists were arrested -- and 19 of them later indicted --
between May and October 1990 on charges of fraud, conspiracy to
defraud and the illegal practice of medicine following the 1988
suicide of a church member in Lyon, eastern France. ... The sect has
often found itself in trouble with officialdom the world over, accused
of defrauding and brainwashing followers and, in France, of quackery
at its illegal anti-drug clinics called "Narconon."
* ^ _A_ _B_ Abgrall, Jean-Marie (2001). _Healing Or Stealing?:
Medical Charlatans in the New Age_ (PDF). p. 193. ISBN 1-892941-51-1 .
Retrieved 24 September 2012. Narconon, a subsidiary of Scientology,
and the association “Yes to Life, No to Drugs” have also made a
specialty of the fight against drugs and treating drug addicts. ...
Drug addicts are just one of the Scientologists’ targets for
recruitment. The offer of care and healing through techniques derived
from dianetics is only a come-on. The detoxification of the patient by
means of “dianetics purification” is more a matter of
manipulation, through the general weakening that it causes; it is a
way of brainwashing the subject. Frequently convicted for illegal
practice of medicine, violence, fraud and slander, the Scientologists
have more and more trouble getting people to accept their techniques
as effective health measures, as they like to claim. They recommend
their purification processes to eliminate X-rays and nuclear
radiation, and to treat goiter and warts, hypertension and psoriasis,
hemorrhoids and myopia. . . why would anyone find that hard to
Scientology has built a library of several hundreds of
volumes of writings exalting the effects of purification, and its
disciples spew propaganda based on irresponsible medical writings by
doctors who are more interested in the support provided by Scientology
than in their patients’ well-being. On the other hand, responsible
scientific reviews have long since “eliminated” dianetics and
purification from the lists of therapies — relegating them to the
great bazaar of medical fraud. ... Medical charlatans do not base
their claims on scientific proof but, quite to the contrary, on
peremptory assertions — the kind of assertions that they challenge
when they come out of the mouths of those who defend “real”
* ^ Asimov, Nanette (2 October 2004). "Church\'s drug program
flunks S.F. test / Panel of experts finds Scientology\'s Narconon
lectures outdated, inaccurate". _San Francisco Chronicle_. Retrieved 7
September 2012. The program,
Narconon Drug Prevention & Education,
"often exemplifies the outdated, non-evidence-based and sometimes
factually inaccurate approach, which has not served students well for
decades," concluded Steve Heilig, director of health and education for
the San Francisco Medical Society. In his letter to Trish Bascom,
director of health programs for the San Francisco Unified School
District, Heilig said five independent experts in the field of drug
abuse had helped him evaluate Narconon's curriculum. ... "One of our
reviewers opined that 'this (curriculum) reads like a high school
science paper pieced together from the Internet, and not very well at
that,' " Heilig wrote Bascom. "Another wrote that 'my comments will be
brief, as this proposal hardly merits detailed analysis.' Another
stated, 'As a parent, I would not want my child to participate in this
kind of 'education.' " Heilig's team evaluated
Narconon against a
recent study by Rodney Skager, a professor emeritus at UCLA's Graduate
School of Education and Information Studies, describing what good
anti-drug programs should offer students. "We concurred that ... the
Narconon materials focus on some topics of lesser importance to the
exclusion of best knowledge and practices," Heilig wrote, and that the
curriculum contained "factual errors in basic concepts such as
physical and mental effects, addiction and even spelling."
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Klotter, Julie (2007). "Hubbard\'s Drug
Rehabilitation Program". Townsend Letter: The Examiner of Alternative
Medicine. Retrieved 27 June 2011.
* ^ Tewksbury, Drew (2008). _
Scientology and the State: Narconon\'s
Influence in the Prison System_. Proquest. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
* ^ Reitman, Janet (2011). _Inside Scientology: The Story of
America\'s Most Secretive Religion_ (Hardback). Houghton Mifflin
Harcourt Publishing Company. p. 257. ISBN 978-0-618-88302-8 .
Retrieved 7 September 2012.
* ^ _A_ _B_
California Healthy Kids Resource Center; Deborah Wood,
Ph.D. (January 2005).
Narconon Drug Abuse Prevention Program
Evaluation (Report). California, US:
California Department of
California Department of Public Health. Retrieved 7
September 2012. Some drug-related information presented in the NDAP
and supplementary resources — although aligned with the Narconon
drug rehabilitation methodology — does not reflect accurate, widely
accepted medical and scientific evidence. Some information is
misleading because it is overstated or a distinction between drug use
and abuse is lacking. ... This information reflects hypothesized
processes of drug metabolism, bioavailability, and psychoactive
impact, and is the premise for the
Narconon detoxification regimen.
This theoretical information does not reflect current evidence that is
widely accepted and recognized as medically and scientifically
accurate. ... Inaccuracies and misleading inferences were not limited
to a single material, but were evident in NDAP elementary, middle and
high school presentation outlines and delivery scripts and in the
supplementary drug prevention materials available to schools ...
Narconon program materials were independently reviewed by fourteen
reviewers and three CHKRC staff. Reviewers included five doctors
(M.D.s), four board certified in pediatrics and adolescent medicine
and/or with specific expertise in addiction and substance abuse ; two
doctors (Ph.Ds) with expertise in child and adolescent development ;
one doctor (Ph.D.) with expertise in prevention research and program
evaluation of substance abuse programs. Reviewers also included nine
school health education specialists (with teaching credentials and/or
masters level health or education degrees) including elementary,
middle, and high school teachers , university faculty , and school
district/county office of education tobacco, alcohol, and other drug
abuse prevention education coordinators.
* ^ Mieszkowski, Katharine (1 July 2005). "Scientology’s war on
psychiatry". Salon.com. Retrieved 7 September 2012. Narconon's
discredited teachings include the pronouncements that drugs burn up
the body's vitamins and minerals, that these vitamin deficiencies
cause pain (which prompts more drug use), that rapid vitamin and
nutrient losses cause the "munchies" among pot smokers, and that drugs
build up in fat tissue and spur flashbacks and a hunger for more
drugs. "This theoretical information does not reflect current evidence
that is widely accepted and recognized as medically and scientifically
accurate," the study found. This February, the
Superintendent recommended a ban on
and San Francisco and
Los Angeles school districts have indeed
* ^ Köhler, Nicholas (26 September 2012). "Scientology's plan for
Canada". _Maclean's_. Canada. Local health officials said Narconon
Trois-Rivières offered clients little medical supervision and relied
on Scientology-inspired treatments with no scientific basis
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Berg, Rigmor C. (September 2008). _A brief
summary and evaluation of the evidence base for
Narconon as drug
prevention intervention_ (PDF). Oslo, Norway: Norwegian Centre for the
Health Services. pp. 19–21. ISBN 978-82-8121-214-5 . Retrieved 1
* ^ Ernst, Edzard (17 August 2012). "
Scientology detox programmes:
expensive and unproven". _
The Guardian _. Retrieved 3 November 2013.
* ^ Schnare, David W; Shields, Megan G; Ben, Max (1984). "Body
Burden Reductions of PCBs, PBBs, and Chlorinated Pesticide Residues in
Human Subjects". _Ambio - Royal Swedish Academy of Science_. 13 (5-6).
* ^ Root, David E.; Lionelli, Gerald T. (1987). "Excretion of a
Lipophilic Toxicant Through the Sebaceous Glands: A Case Report".
_Journal of Toxicology—Cutaneous and Ocular Toxicology_. 6 (1).
* ^ Shields, M; Beckmann, SL; Cassidy-Brinn, Ginny (1989).
"Improvement in Perception of Transcutaneous Nerve Stimulation
Detoxification in Firefighters Exposed to PCBs, PCDDs and
PCDFs". _Clinical Ecology_. 6 (2). Retrieved 2017-04-12.
* ^ Kilburn, KH; Warsaw, RH; Shields, MG (1989). "Neurobehavioral
Dysfunction in Firemen Exposed to Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs):
Possible Improvement after Detoxification". _Archives of Environmental
Health_. 44 (6). Retrieved 2017-04-12.
* ^ Tretjak, Z; Root, DE; Tretjak, A; Slivnik, R; Edmonson, E
(1990). "Xenobiotic Reduction and Clinical Improvement in Capacitor
Workers: A Feasible Method". _Journal of Environmental Science and
Health_. A25 (7).
* ^ Dahlgren, James; Cecchini, M; Takhar, Harpreet; Paepke, Olaf
(2007-01-17). "Persistent organic pollutants in 9/11 world trade
center rescue workers: Reduction following detoxification".
_Chemosphere_. 69 (8): 1320-5. Retrieved 2017-04-12.
* ^ "Scientology: Bescheidene Bilanz". _
Der Spiegel _ (in German).
5 August 1996. Retrieved 14 September 2012.
* ^ Schecter, Anne (4 April 2013). "Scientology-linked rehab
Narconon under fire from two former executives". _Rock Center_. NBC
News. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
* ^ Lennox, Richard D.; Sternquist, Marie A.; Paredes, Alfonso
(2013-09-16). "A Simplified Method for Routine Outcome Monitoring
after Drug Abuse Treatment". _Substance Abuse, Research, and
Treatment_. 7: 155–169. doi :10.4137/SART.S12691 . Retrieved
* ^ _A_ _B_ "
Scientology And It's (sic) Applications". _Mercer
Island Reporter_. 8 April 1971.
Scientology claims to have the only
workable technology to find the source of a problem and eradicate it.
... While everyone is looking for a solution to drug abuse,
Scientologists have one and use it. access-date= requires url=
Narconon The Origins of the
Narconon Program. Retrieved 4 June
* ^ _A_ _B_
L. Ron Hubbard and the
Retrieved 4 June 2006.
* ^ Drolet, Eve (22 January 1970). "
Dianetics Guarantees Victory
Over Drugs". _Honolulu Advertiser_. p. A-2. The
Reverend John W.
Elliott, senior minister of the Church of
Scientology and chairman of
its Drug Abuse Prevention team, announces that a technique called
Dianetic Counselling has completely cured 30 out of 30 persons who
came to his group for help. "Dianetic Counselling", says Elliot, "is a
new technology which has resolved not only the craving for drugs, but
also the after-effects. This will revolutionize the whole area of drug
abuse, and the threat it poses to the mental and physical health of
the State". ... Elliot feels the vast majority of people have some
form of psychosomatic illness. Hay fever, asthma and arthritis are
listed in this category by Elliot who says that
Dianetics resolves all
such problems access-date= requires url= (help )
* ^ Sappell, Joel; Welkos, Robert W. (25 June 1990). "The Courting
of Celebrities". _
Los Angeles Times _. p. A18:5. Retrieved 6 June
2006. Additional convenience link at CMU.edu.
* ^ Gilmore, Heather (15 August 2004). "
Furor: clinic draws client raves and researcher jeers". _New York
* ^ Crouch, Edmund A. C.; Laura C. Green (October 2007). "Comment
on "Persistent organic pollutants in 9/11 world trade center rescue
workers: Reduction following detoxification" by James Dahlgren, Marie
Cecchini, Harpreet Takhar, and Olaf Paepke ". _Chemosphere_. 69 (8):
1330–1332. PMID 17692360 . doi :10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.098 .
* ^ Welkos, Robert W.; Sapell, Joel. "Church Seeks Influence in
Schools, Business, Science". _
Los Angeles Times_. Archived from the
original on 19 April 2017. Retrieved 19 April 2017.
* ^ "A Turning Point in our History". _International Scientology
News_. 27 May 2004. The answer is to make every one of our orgs a
Central Organisation, a headquarters responsible for every sector of
Scientology activity across its entire geographic zone - all of it!
... International Management bodies exist today for each sector of
activity; including ... Social Betterment Activities which handle drug
rehabilitation ... And each one now emanates from the Central Org
into the environment.
* ^ "Creating a New Civilisation: YOUR ROLE". _wise at work_. 2005.
p. 14. The Public Divisions ... are responsible to emanate every type
of LRH technology ... “Since each Church will be the Central
Organization for their area,” Mr. Miscavige explained, “there are
displays encompassing every sector — with descriptions
Scientologists and non-
Scientologists alike. They
both enlighten and generate new activities: from salvaging lives from
illiteracy, addiction and crime; to programs for opening new groups
to handle community ruins . It also includes everything to establish
new missions, groups and VM chapters.” With such displays, the
answer to questions on Scientology, LRH Admin Tech or LRH himself
becomes just four words: Go to the org.
* ^ "IAS 21st Anniversary Event, _Impact_ 112, 2006
* ^ Jacobs, Robin. "Is
Scientology in Your Schools?" (PDF). _The
Humanist_. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 February 2008.
Retrieved 15 January 2014.
* ^ "Main Page". Archived from the original on 16 January 2008.
Retrieved 9 December 2015.
* ^ "Whois: NarCodex.ca". DomainTools. Retrieved 16 August 2010.
* ^ "What is Narcodex". _Narcodex Wiki_. Archived from the original
on 22 January 2008.
* ^ "Scientologist-run rehab centre ordered closed in Quebec". _CBC
News_. Retrieved 2017-02-13.
* ^ Mendleson, Rachel (2 September 2013). "
Narconon meets fierce
opposition in Hockley Valley". _
Toronto Star _. Retrieved 19 March
* ^ Mendleson, Rachel (9 September 2013). "
Narconon loses bid to
buy property in Hockley Village". _
Toronto Star _. Retrieved 9
* ^ "Feds fund Scientology-backed detox program for vets in
Annapolis". _The Capital Gazette_. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
* ^ "Gulf War Illness Research Program" (PDF). _CDMRP Department of
Defense_. Retrieved 2017-07-12.
* ^ http://cdmrp.army.mil/search.aspx?LOG_NO=GW093066
* ^ _A_ _B_ Marshall, John (24 January 1980). "The Scientology
Papers / Hubbard still gave orders, records show". _The Globe and Mail
_. A document with
FBI number 7822, dated Nov. 5, 1976, and signed by
Judy Taussig, a U. S. national official of Scientology, defined the
correct use of the codes. They were to be used, the court learned, for
groups or actions that we don't want connected to LRH or MSH. This is
handled by coding their names. Also coding the group or action if it
falls into categories #1-#8. That list included incriminating
activities, unpunished crimes, and things like lobbying where this is
prohibited in non-profit corporations, or money deals that might
provoke government tax offices. The document also said the codes
should be used for words of actions that could tend to dispute the
fact that the C of S motives are humanitarian, i.e., harass,
eradicate, attack, destroy, annihilate ... spreading a rumor,
entrapment, stir up opposition. And codes should be used for the names
of front groups that we do not want connected with the C of S and for
anything that gives specific and actual evidence that the C of S is in
legal control of B6 groups. These are groups that are separate legal
entities to the C of S. An attachment to the document, listed in the
prosecution inventory as item 104 in Box C16, said B6 groups include
Narconon, a drug treatment organization staffed by
using Mr. Hubbard's mental health techniques.
* ^ Price, Marie (3 May 2003). "House nixes honor for
substance-abuse facility". _
Tulsa World _. pp. A19. Retrieved 19 March
* ^ _United States vs.
Mary Sue Hubbard et al._, 493 F. Supp. 209,
(D.D.C. 1979) (hosted by the
Lisa McPherson Trust)
* ^ Asimov, Nanette. "Schools urged to drop antidrug program /
Scientology-linked teachings inaccurate, superintendent says". SFGATE
- San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved February 23, 2005.
* ^ Ortega, Tony. "The Underground Bunker".
* ^ Charles Rusnell _Experts challenge claims of Scientology\'s
sweat-it-out treatment for addicts_ The Edmonton Journal, 23 May 2006
* ^ Alan McEwen "Scientology-link group is banned", Edinburgh
Evening News , 18 March 2004. Retrieved 4 June 2006.
* ^ Bracchi, Paul (13 June 1994). "Secret of a drugs \'cure\' /
Scientology: The Inside Story". _Evening Argus_. Retrieved 7 September
2012. Asked if it was simply a "front" organisation to recruit people
into the cult, Mr wood insisted: "I don't know of many organisations
more up-front than the Church of Scientology. ... I know beyond doubt
Narconon does not recruit for nor promote the Church of
Scientology and I know that subject is not mentioned nor included in
Narconon syllabus". He said "no Church of
members work for Narconon". A
Narconon leaflet lists two names with
telephone numbers. One is Mr Wood. The other is Peter Mansell - public
affairs officer at the national headquarters of
Scientology at Saint
Hill , East Grinstead. ... We have a copy of the
Line-Up, the final of which led straight to the doors of the cult. The
message on the chart reads: "Route to nearest Org (Scientology)
organisation) for further services if individual so desires." The
process is summed up in
Narconon News. The headline and slogans speak
for themselves: "
Narconon is freeing people from crime and drug abuse
and starting them up Ron 's bridge to total freedom . Who can you
start across that bridge ."
* ^ Mason, Tania (13 September 2001). "C of E blasts \'drug
salvation\' claims of Scientologists". _Marketing_. UK: Brand Republic
Group. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
Scientology spokesman Graeme Wilson
said the claims were based on rehabilitation programmes run by the
church and its affiliate charity, Narconon.
* ^ Mallia, Joseph (3 March 1998). "
Scientology reaches into
schools through Narconon". _Inside the Church of Scientology_. Boston
Herald . Retrieved 14 December 2008.
* ^ _A_ _B_ Jim MacLaughlin and Andrew Gully _"Church of
Scientology probes Herald reporter - Investigation follows pattern of
Boston Herald 19 March 1998 Pg. 004
* ^ "
Narconon Information Center of Montreal". Archived from the
original on 17 July 2006. Retrieved 7 October 2006. © Copyright 2006
Lafleche Dumais & Richard Kelly
* ^ Fleischer, Jodie (3 October 2012). "Whistleblower, memo link
Narconon to Scientology". _WSB-TV2 Atlanta; Channel 2 Action
News_. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Peters, Paul (2008-07-10). "
_Salt Lake City Weekly_. pp. 20–22, 24. Retrieved 22 August 2013.
* ^ "Inside Scientology\'s Rehab Racket". Retrieved 5 November
* ^ Woolsley, Leigh (6 November 2005). "Case for the Cure". _Tulsa
* ^ Knopf, Alison (30 July 2012). "Scientology-based substance
abuse program investigated for deaths". _Alcoholism & Drug Abuse
Weekly_. Retrieved 11 December 2013. (subscription required)
* ^ Jeewa, A.; Kasiram M, PhD, _Treatment for substance abuse in
the 21st century: A South African perspective_, a Minds Alive
Rehabilitation Centre, Durban b School of Social Work and Community
Development, University of KwaZulu-Natal, retrieved 5 February 2014
* ^ "The
Narconon Treatment Methodology". Treatment-Centers.net.
2017-05-17. Retrieved 2017-07-05.
* ^ Folke Sjoqvist (26 November 1996). Expert advice on Narconon
given to the Swedish National Board of Health and Welfare (Report).
The National Board of Health and Welfare.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Findings of Fact regarding the Narconon-Chilocco
Application For Certification by the Board of Mental Health, State of
Oklahoma, 13 December 1991
* ^ Combs, Pete (1 October 2012). "
Narconon Debunked by its own
Expert". _WBS Radio_. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
* ^ Center for Human Reliability Studies (May 2007). Drug Retention
Times (PDF) (Report). U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Health,
Safety and Security (Office of Security Policy). p. 4. Retrieved 14
* ^ "First Step Program / The useful tool to help others be drug
free, at your disposal / What is the Drug Bomb?". Narconon. "Drug
Bomb" consists of: 1000mg of . This helps counteract any mental
disturbance. ... The formula should be given four times a day.
* ^ _A_ _B_ "Scientologist-run rehab centre ordered closed in
CBC News . 17 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
* ^ _A_ _B_ "The
Narconon Therapeutic Training Routine course".
Narconon Trois-Rivièrs website_.
Narconon Trois-Rivièrs. Retrieved
1 February 2012.
* ^ Church of
Scientology The Fundamental Skills of Auditing:
Hubbard Professional TR Course. Retrieved 4 June 2006.
* ^ Hubbard,
Narconon _Withdrawal Specialist Course_. Book 4b,
2004c edition. (pg. 221-236)
Narconon Publication. Table of contents
* ^ Hubbard,
Narconon _Communication Sacred teachings not secret
Boston Herald 4 March 1998 p. 025
* ^ Janet Reitman _Inside Scientology_
Rolling Stone , Issue 995. 9
* ^ "Results of the
Narconon Program". _www.narconon.org_. Narconon
International. Retrieved 1 February 2012. The
Narconon Program has one
of the highest success rates in the field of drug rehabilitation, with
outside studies showing 75% of the graduates going on to lead stable,
ethical, productive drug-free lives.
* ^ "1650".
Special Committee on Non-Medical Use of Drugs: Evidence
(Report). Parliament of Canada (37th PARLIAMENT, 1st SESSION). 30 May
2002. Mr. Brad Melnychuk : You asked if we'd spoken or met with
researchers coming up with this information. I personally have not. I
also cannot say whether or not any staff from
Narconon across the
globe—because we have Narconons all over—have done that. I would
tend to question it, based on the fact that our Narconons are
improving, and some of them are very close to a 100% success rate.
* ^ Szalavitz, Maia (31 March 2011). "Does Narconon’s Addiction
Rehab Really Work?". _
TIME Magazine _. USA:
Time Warner . Retrieved 7
* ^ Peter Gerdman (1 May 1981). "Utvärderingen av
Narconon del 1:
En studie om och med en länkrörelse bland drogmissbrukare i
Stockholm" (Swedish page scans). Retrieved 9 September 2006. (Scans
David Touretzky )
* ^ "Does
Narconon work? - Studies - The Swedish Study". _Narconon
Exposed_. 2 January 2003. Retrieved 1 November 2013.
* ^ "The Narconon® Program - 40 Years of Evidence of Recovery"
(PDF). (1.0 MB)
* ^ "Official Church of Scientology: Narconon, Arrowhead Center,
Drug Rehab & Prevention, L. Ron Hubbard". _Official Church of
Scientology _. The Church of
Scientology . Retrieved 7 April 2014.
* ^ Smith, Errol (6 May 2014). "
Wyong Council rejects Scientology
drug rehabilitation centre plan at Yarramalong". _The Daily Telegraph
(Australia) _. Retrieved 5 May 2014.
* ^ "Church of
Scientology drug rehab centre rejected". _Australian
Broadcasting Corporation (ABC)_. 30 April 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
* ^ Cecchini, Marie; Root, David; Rachunow, Jeremie; Gelb, Phyllis.
"Chemical Exposures at the World Trade Center". _Townsend Letter_.
* ^ Ross, Gerald; Sternquist, Marie (2011-11-16). "Methamphetamine
exposure and chronic illness in police officers". _
Industrial Health_. Retrieved 2017-07-19.
* ^ Shelby Oppel _"School panel rejects anti-drug program"_ Saint
Petersburg Times 13 April 1999
* ^ _A_ _B_ Cavanagh, Sean (2 March 2005). "
California Chief Warns
Schools About Anti-Drug Program". _
Education Week _. 24 (25): 4.
Archived from the original on 2016-05-12.
* ^ "Schools urged to drop antidrug program", _The San Francisco
Chronicle_, 23 February 2005. Retrieved 4 June 2006.
* ^ Roberts, Chris (26 May 2014). "Bay Area Schools Hoodwinked by
Scientology-Related Anti-Drug Program". _
NBC Bay Area_. Retrieved 27
* ^ Asimov, Nanette (25 May 2014). "Narconon: Misleading antidrug
program back in public schools". _San Francisco Chronicle_. Retrieved
26 May 2014.
* ^ Lewis, Leo (7 January 2007). "Revealed: how Scientologists
infiltrated Britain\'s schools". London:
The Sunday Times (UK) .
Retrieved 7 January 2007.
* ^ "Schools alert on drugs group".
Church Times . 10 August 2012.
Retrieved 17 August 2012.
* ^ "Do Sport - Be Drug Free!" (PDF). _Challenge UK; The Newsletter
Narconon United Kingdom_. 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
Narconon’s ensuing talks in primary schools were supported by
donations from the likes of John Lewis, Coutts, M&S, Vintners and
Ford, and claimed the support of ex-footballer and anti-drugs
Paul Canoville . Over 2,000 children a year throughout the
Newham attended the talks provided by the Sussex-based
* ^ "
Cult Corner". _Private Eye_. 24 August 2012. p. 14. Retrieved
5 September 2012.
* ^ Millard, Neil; Prynne, Miranda (20 August 2012). "Thousands of
primary school kids taught by secret scientologists". _The Sun _.
London. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
* ^ http://www.camdennewjournal.com/camden-schools-drug-talks
* ^ Richard Lennox; Marie Cecchini (2008). "The NARCONON™ drug
education curriculum for high school students: A non-randomized,
controlled prevention trial". Retrieved 27 June 2011. Lennox and
Cecchini's peer-reviewed paper in the journal _Substance Abuse
Treatment, Prevention, and Policy _ presenting the findings of a
research study conducted with approximately 1,000
Oklahoma and Hawai'i
high-school students to test
Narconon International’s high-school
curriculum efficacy. They evaluated students using the Center for
Substance Abuse Prevention (CSAP) Participant Outcome Measures for
Discretionary Programs survey at three time periods: baseline, one
month later, and six-month follow-up. Schools assigned to experimental
conditions scheduled the
Narconon curriculum between the baseline and
one-month follow-up test; schools in control conditions received drug
education after the six-month follow-up. The study concluded that at
six-month follow-up, youths who received the
Narconon drug education
curriculum showed reduced drug use compared with controls across all
drug categories tested; that the strongest effects were seen in all
tobacco products and cigarette frequency followed by marijuana; that
there were significant reductions measured for alcohol and
amphetamines; that the program produced changes in knowledge,
attitudes and perception of risk; and that the eight-module Narconon
curriculum had thorough grounding in substance abuse aetiology and
prevention theory, and reduced drug use among youths.
* ^ "Tax declaration ABLE 2007" (PDF). August 2008. p. 37. Archived
(PDF) from the original on 1 February 2012. Retrieved 1 February 2012.
ABLE funded a multi-year study of the delivery of the
Education curriculum to high school students in Hawaii and Oklahoma,
which was completed and written up in 2007.
* ^ Beit-Hallahmi, Benjamin (1 September 2003). "Scientology:
Religion or racket?". _Marburg Journal of Religion_. 8 (1). Retrieved
5 September 2012. For Scientology, using fronts is one way of
obtaining funds from government and charity sources (Mallia, 1998c).
... The so-called drug rehabilitation program known as
been an incredibly profitable front through federal grants and
corporate donations (Mallia, 1998c). Fronts may help one another look
respectable and make more money. Thus, the Association for Better
Living and Education (ABLE) may come out in support of
* ^ Catt, David (11 June 2008). "Further request for
clarification". _Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy_. 3
(8). doi :10.1186/1747-597X-3-8 . Retrieved 7 September 2012. In Table
9, item D22 shows that a greater percentage of the control group feel
they can easily resist pressures to take drugs than the drug education
group (78.8% compared with 74.5%). The text on page 11 of the report
states that “students who received the curriculum were more likely
to say they could resist pressures to use drugs than those who did not
receive the program”. Could I ask the authors to account for this
* ^ County Court of Dijon: judgment of 9 January 1987 (No 118-87)
* ^ Messrs. Alain Gest, president, Jean-Pierre Brard, Mrs. Suzanne
Sauvaigo, vice-presidents, Messrs. Eric DoligŽ, Rudy Rooms,
secretaries, Jacques Guyard, reporter; Messrs. Jean-Claude Bahu,
Pierre Bernard, Raoul BŽteille, Mrs. Christine Boutin, Messrs.
Jean-Pierre Brard, Jean-François Calvo, Rene Chub, Mrs. Martine
David, Messrs. Pierre Delmar, Bernard Derosier, Eric DoligŽ,
Jean-Pierre Foucher, Jean Geney, Alain Gest, Jean Gravel, Jacques
Guyard, Pierre Lang, Gerard Larrat, Claude-Gerard Marcus, Thierry
Mariani, Mrs. Odile Moirin, Messrs. George Mothron, Jacques Myard,
Mrs. Catherine Nicolas, Messrs. Francisque Perrut, Daniel Picotin,
Marc Reymann, Marcel Castlings, Rudy Rooms and Mrs. Suzanne Sauvaigo.
(22 December 1995). Report of LA COMMISSION D\'ENQUÊTE SUR LES SECTES
(Board of Inquiry into Cults) (Report). ASSEMBLÉE NATIONALE. Le
Tribunal de grande instance de
Dijon a, par ailleurs, été amené,
dans un jugement du 9 janvier 1987 (no 118-87), à condamner le
directeur-adjoint du centre
Narconon de Grangey-sur-Ource pour non
assistance à personne en danger. Ce centre, créé par l'Eglise de
Scientologie, propose des cures de désintoxication en appliquant les
méthodes de Ron Hubbard, à savoir la procédure de " purification ",
fondée principalement sur plusieurs heures de sauna par jour, des "
auditions " et une absorption importante de vitamines. En l'espèce,
la victime était depuis longtemps soignée pour épilepsie et
s'était adressée à cet organisme car elle souhaitait se " libérer
des médicaments " . Le centre l'a, sans examen médical préalable,
placée dans une chambre de " sevrage " . Or, les expertises
médicales ont montré que le décès était dû à " un état de mal
épileptique dû à l'absence de traitement suffisant à son début et
de traitement d'urgence pendant l'état de mal. " Le jugement ne
laisse aucun doute sur la responsabilité du centre : " Que si
Jocelyne Dorfmann avait pris la décision de réduire sa consommation
médicamenteuse, puis de l'interrompre au risque de compromettre son
état de santé, les prévenus ne l'ont à aucun moment prévenue de
la nécessité d'un examen médical d'admission, lequel aurait
vraisemblablement permis de contre-indiquer la cure de sevrage ; qu'il
est inconcevable que la victime ait pu être acceptée sans cet examen
et sans entretien sérieux malgré ses déclarations sur son état de
santé et son épilepsie, alors que les prévenus ont reconnu savoir
qu'en cas de maladie grave, le traitement médical ne devait pas
souffrir d'interruption ; " Que si lors de la survenue de la première
crise, les prévenus ont pu se méprendre sur la nature exacte, la
répétition des crises et leur intensité croissante devaient leur
évoquer une origine distincte d'un état de manque qui, selon les
médecins experts, ne peut être confondu avec un état épileptique ;
" Qu'ils n'ont pas jugé utile de demander directement à la victime,
alors qu'elle était encore consciente, si ces manifestations
pouvaient correspondre aux crises d'épilepsie auxquelles elle avait
fait allusion ou de faire appel au médecin le plus proche. (...) "
--- Translation --- The County Court of Dijon, in addition, was
brought, in a judgement of January 9, 1987 (No 118-87), to condemn the
director-assistant of the
Narconon center of Grangey- on-Ource for
nonassistance to someone in danger. This center, created by the Church
of Scientology, proposes detoxification by applying the methods of Ron
Hubbard, namely the procedure of "purification," based mainly on
several hours of sauna per day, "auditions," and a significant
absorption of vitamins. In this case, the victim had been in long-term
treatment for epilepsy and had addressed this organization because she
wished "to be released from drugs." The center A, without preliminary
medical examination, placed her in a "weaning" room. However, the
medical experts showed that her death was due to "an epileptic seizure
due to the absence of sufficient treatment at its beginning and of
emergency treatment during the seizure." The judgement does not leave
any doubt about the responsibility of the center: "That if Jocelyne
Dorfmann had made the decision to reduce her consumption of
medication, then to stop it with the risk of compromising her health,
the defendants had not at any time prevented it of the need for a
medical examination of admission, which would have probably made it
possible to contra-indicate the cure of weaning; that it is
inconceivable that the victim could be accepted without this
examination and serious treatment in spite of her declarations as to
her health and her epilepsy, whereas the defendants admitted knowing
that in the event of serious illness, medical treatment was not to
suffer from interruption; "That if at the time the first crisis
occurred, the defendants could mistake its exact nature, the
repetition of the crises and their increasing intensity were to evoke
to them an origin distinct from a state of lack which, according to
medical experts, cannot be confused with an epileptic state; "That
they did not consider it useful to directly ask the victim, while she
was still conscious, if these demonstrations could correspond to the
epileptic fits to which she had referred or to call upon the nearest
doctor (...)" CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link )
* ^ Biglia, Andrea (20 February 1995). "Tragedia nella lotta alla
droga ". _Corriere della Sera_.
* ^ "Una peritonite curata in ritardo ha ucciso la donna in
comunità". _la Repubblica_ (in Italian). 11 October 2002. Retrieved
18 September 2012.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Fleischer, Jodie (2 October 2012). "State
Narconon Georgia after Channel 2 reveals new evidence /
Investigation sparked after death at Scientology-linked facility".
_wsbtv.com / Channel 2 (TV news)_. Retrieved 3 October 2012. ATLANTA
— A Georgia drug rehab program with ties to the Church of
Scientology is now under a state investigation after Channel 2 Action
News showed inspectors new evidence. … a Channel 2 investigation
found an outpatient program that posed as inpatient to bring in more
money and showed state leaders evidence they have missed for a decade.
… sparking new questions about whether
Narconon of Georgia is
running an illegal residential treatment program.
* ^ "Patrick W. "Ricko" Desmond (1980-2008)". findagrave.com.
Retrieved 3 October 2012. Patrick W. Desmond died of a heroin drug
overdose after receiving treatment at a
Scientology drug rehab
Narconon in Atlanta, Georgia. His parents filed a wrongful
death lawsuit against
Narconon of Georgia,
Narconon International, and
Narconon medical director Lisa Carolina Robbins, M.D.
* ^ Christian Boone (7 October 2012). "Norcross drug facility under
new scrutiny". _Atlanta Journal-Constitution_. Retrieved 5 October
2012. Desmond’s death four years ago has focused attention on a
decade’s worth of state investigations of the Norcross-based drug
treatment program. Repeatedly, the state fielded complaints that
Narconon, while licensed only for outpatient care, was illegally
operating a residential facility.
* ^ Fleischer, Jodie (1 October 2012). "2 Investigates: Patient
death at Georgia
Narconon / Death raises about questions about
Scientology-linked program\'s license". _wsbtv.com / Channel 2 (TV
news)_. Retrieved 3 October 2012. Colleen Desmond toured the
classrooms in Norcross and visited the apartments at One Sovereign
Place off Roswell Road. "We were assured all along the line, this was
an inpatient situation," Desmond said. … The treatment plan was
espoused by Church of
Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard. / Desmond's
Death / Desmond told Fleischer that at the time, she didn't know
anything about that plan, or that her son Patrick was drinking and
doing drugs with students and staff in those apartments.
* ^ Boone, Christian (11 February 2013). "
Narconon settles wrongful
death suit but legal challenges remain". _The Atlanta
Journal-Constitution _. Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
* ^ Combs, Pete (11 Feb 2013). "Narconon, family reach settlement".
Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Cox Media Group. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
* ^ Boone, Christian (8 November 2012). "Judge imposes harsh
sanctions on Norcross drug treatment facility". _The Atlanta
Journal-Constitution _. Atlanta, Georgia, USA. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
* ^ Fleischer, Jodie (8 November 2012). "DeKalb judge sanctions
Narconon of Georgia". _WSB TV 2 Atlanta_. Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Cox
Media Group. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
* ^ Combs, Pete (9 November 2012). "
Narconon punished, stripped of
defense in civil case". _WSB Atlanta_. Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Cox
Media Group. Retrieved 8 April 2014.
* ^ Beasley, Jere (4 March 2013). "
Narconon Settles Wrongful Death
Suit". _Jere Beasley Report_. Beasley Allen. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
* ^ Ortega, Tony (8 February 2013). "Scientology’s Atlanta Drug
Rehab Buys Its Way Out of Courtroom Nightmare". _The Underground
Bunker_. USA. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
* ^ "Patrick Desmond OSA Report". _WSB Radio_. Atlanta, Georgia,
USA: Cox Media Group. 2 October 2012. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
* ^ Combs, Pete (2 October 2012). "The Narconon-Scientology
Connection". _WSB Atlanta_. Retrieved 14 April 2014.
* ^ Ortega, Tony (30 January 2013). "Scientology’s Atlanta Drug
Rehab Crumbling: Executive Director Mary Rieser Out". _The Underground
Bunker_. USA. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
* ^ Leflore, Jeanne (7 August 2012). "DA:
Narconon Arrowhead under
investigation by OKLA Dept. of Mental Health after four deaths".
_McAlester New Capital_. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
* ^ "
Narconon Arrowhead sued by parents of patient who died while
KJRH-TV . 28 August 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
* ^ Quigley, Rachel (14 August 2012). "Rehab facility linked to
Scientology blamed for deaths of three patients who underwent \'five
hours a day in sauna and mega doses of vitamins\'". London: Daily Mail
. Retrieved 28 August 2012.
* ^ Joe Childs; Thomas C. Tobin (16 August 2012). "Deaths at
Scientology drug treatment program
Narconon bring investigation".
Tampa Bay Times . Retrieved 28 August 2012.
* ^ "
Scientology rehab center under fire after string of deaths".
_New York Daily News_. 15 August 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
Stacy Dawn Murphy, 20, who died July 19 at
Narconon Arrowhead in
Canadian, Okla. ... Hillary Holten, 21, was found dead at Narconon
Arrowhead in April, and Gabriel Graves, 32, died there last October,
the Muskogee Phoenix reported. Another patient, 28-year-old Kaysie
Dianne Werninck, died there in 2009.
* ^ _A_ _B_ "Deaths bring probe of
Narconon facility in Oklahoma".
_Tulsa World_. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
* ^ "Discovery claimed in
Narconon deaths". _Muskogee Phoenix_. 20
August 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012.
Narconon has been under
investigation since the July 19 death of Murphy, 20, of Owasso. The
investigation has expanded to include three other deaths: Hillary
Holten, 21, of Carr, who was found dead at
Narconon Arrowhead in
April; Graves, 32, who died at the facility in October; and the 2009
death of Kaysie Dianne Werninck, 28, according to Pittsburg County
Sheriff Joel Kerns.
* ^ LeFlore, Jeanne (27 March 2013). "
Narconon Arrowhead exec and
Narconon Vista Bay advertise revoked certification". _McAlester
News-Capital_. Oklahoma, USA. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
* ^ LeFlore, Jeanne (7 August 2013). "
Narconon Arrowhead loses
state certification". _McAlester News-Capitol_. Retrieved 13 March
* ^ Hertneky, Dana (18 April 2014). "State Investigators Of
Narconon Arrowhead Say They Were Wrongfully Fired". _news9.com
Oklahoma's Own_. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
* ^ _A_ _B_ ""Somethings terribly wrong there" says father of woman
who died at
Narconon Arrowhead". _McAlester News Capital_. 21 July
2012. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
* ^ "State Agency Inspecting Narconon". _Daily Oklahoman_. 21
October 1992. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
* ^ "Newkirk Center OK\'d; Mooreland Bid Axed". _The Oklahoman_. 26
January 1989. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
* ^ "
Narconon Claims It\'s Not Subject to State Regulation". _Daily
Oklahoman_. 11 July 1990. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
* ^ "
Narconon Drug Center will Appeal Certification Ruling".
_Durant (OK) Daily Democrat_. 15 December 1991. p. 10-A. Retrieved 6
September 2012. Mental Health department staff member Dennis Lewelling
testified at the hearing that in studying records of the center, he
could find no evidence that drug and alcohol abuse education was a
part of the program.
* ^ "Grand Opening:
Narconon Chilocco New Life Center". Narconon
Chilocco. 29 June 1990. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
* ^ "Drug Center Controversy Continues". _Durant Daily Democrat,
The_. 17 December 1991. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
* ^ _
Narconon International v.
Oklahoma Board Of Mental Health &
Substance Abuse_ (SUPREME COURT OF THE STATE OF OKLAHOMA 07/10/1992).
* ^ _
Narconon International, Inc. v. Anderson_ (SUPREME COURT OF
THE STATE OF OKLAHOMA 07/12/1991). Text
* ^ _
Narconon International, Inc. v. Anderson_ (SUPREME COURT OF
THE STATE OF OKLAHOMA 20 August 1991). Text
* ^ "Editor Risks Jail Rather Than Pay
Narconon Court Costs". _The
Associated Press_. 4 July 1992. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
* ^ "Narconon-Chilocco Drug Treatment Plant May Be Part Of
Notorious Religious Cult". _Newkirk Herald Journal_. 27 April 1989.
Retrieved 6 September 2012.
* ^ "Scientology\'s
Oklahoma Nemesis, Bob Lobsinger: "They Lied
Every Step of the Way"". _Village Voice, The_. 16 August 2012.
Retrieved 5 September 2012. They sent one guy around trying to talk to
the mayor. He knew who the mayor's kid was, somehow. So he followed
the kid into the library and told him he need to talk to his dad. Then
he gave him his card," Lobsinger says. "It was just to let the mayor
know they knew where his kid was.
* ^ Joel Sappell; Robert W. Welkos (29 June 1990). "On the
Offensive Against an Array of Suspected Foes". _
Los Angeles Times_.
Retrieved 13 September 2012. People who claim that I have conducted an
improper investigation against them probably have so many things to
hide," said Ingram. Church lawyer Cooley backed the investigator,
saying: "I know of no impropriety that has ever been engaged in by Mr.
Ingram or any other (private investigator) for the church. Mr. Ingram
has done nothing wrong." ...
Scientology attorneys in September mailed
an "open letter" to many of Newkirk's 2,500 residents announcing that
Ingram had been hired to investigate Narconon's adversaries. ...
Ingram tracked down the mayor's 12-year-old son at the local public
library, handed him a business card and told the boy to have his
father call, Lobsinger said. "It was just a subtle bit of
intimidation," he said. "It certainly did not do the mother much good.
She was very unnerved." ... "They have a standard pattern," Bilger
said of the Scientologists. "They try to be very aggressive. They try
to intimidate. This is not the kind of atmosphere we need in the
Newkirk community. . . . This tells me they are far from being
* ^ "New drug clinic splinters
Oklahoma town /
fear being labeled a \'cult town\'". _
The Dallas Morning News _. 30
July 1989. Retrieved 5 September 2012. several residents declined to
be quoted, apparently fearing retribution from an organisation that
remains mysterious to them. Some said fears were heightened when the
treatment center hired a private investigator from Stillwater, Okla.
to help them identify the participants in what Narconon's Smith
described as a "whispering campaign".
* ^ "
Narconon Gets State Mental Health Exemption". _Sunday
Oklahoman_. 15 August 1992. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
David Miscavige (14 February 1992). "A Conversation with David
Nightline _ (Interview). Interview with Ted
Koppel . DAVID MISCAVIGE: You want... you know, if you... I could have
been on here two years ago and you would have brought something up,
and it's over now. There have been these cases, but in the end, we
come out on top, and I'm telling you, Ted, there are a group of people
on this planet who find us to be a threat to their existence, and they
will do everything in their power to stop us. And that is the mental
health field. I didn't pick a war with them. You can ask them if they
feel this way, and they will tell you that.
* ^ "PUBLIC INFORMATION ALERT". _
Oklahoma Gazette_. 19 September
2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
* ^ "DA:
Narconon Arrowhead under investigation by OKLA Dept. of
Mental Health after four deaths". _McAlester News-Capital_. 7 August
2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. In and earlier case, Narconon
Arrowhead settled a lawsuit filed by the parents of Kaysie Dianne
Werninck, 28, of St. Augustine
Florida who died “as a result of the
defendant’s gross negligence,”on 3 March 2009, according to the
* ^ Wade, Jarrel (18 August 2012). "Letter recounts death at
Narconon Arrowhead". _Tulsa World_. Retrieved 7 September 2012. In his
month there, he describes his observations about the death of fellow
Narconon student Gabriel Graves. "I saw the 'nurse' of the facility
crying, walking out of (redacted) room with another staffer," the
complainant said about his experience on Oct. 26, the day records show
Graves died. "I stood there, shocked and scared. ... It was, however,
hinted to us that he may have died of a drug overdose because we were
told by one of the staff that came to brief us that we might 'end up
like him.' " Graves' autopsy report lists his cause and manner of
death as undetermined and unknown, records show. "It should be noted
that while I was there the use and distribution of drugs by 'students'
... and staff was rampant," the complainant wrote to Oklahoma
Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse Services officials. "I
was asked on numerous occasions if I wanted any drugs, but since I do
not do drugs, I declined. I was offered many different types of drugs,
ones I had never even heard of. By observation, no one was concerned
about the drug use at this time."
* ^ Peterson, Rachel (27 August 2012). "Yet another Narconon
lawsuit under way". _McAlester News-Capital_. Retrieved 7 September
* ^ "News9 OKC
Narconon Arrowhead Continued Coverage". Oklahoma,
US: News9. 23 August 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. Hillary Holten
entered in Narconon's Arrowhead facility for help with her
prescription drug addiction in April. Less than 48 hours later she was
dead. In a lawsuit filed Thursday, attorneys say Holton had a medical
condition, but employees at
Narconon didn't provide her with the care,
or medication she needed.
* ^ Ortega, Tony (11 August 2012). "
Scientology Drug Program
Narconon\'s Licensing "Extremely Vulnerable" After
Says Insider". Village Voice. Retrieved 19 September 2012. Rick says
Stacy was sent to the "withdrawal unit" of the facility that night
once it was discovered that she'd used. And it was there that her
condition became grave. "There was no doctor there, no nurse on staff.
There's nothing like that there," Rick says. "The staff, they're all
former patients. The exception are the people who would drive you to
the airport, or the security people. My understanding is that everyone
there is pretty much a former patient." Rick says he doesn't hold the
staff responsible for what happened. "You really can't expect them to
be able to diagnose a drug overdose. I'm not upset with them. It's the
direction from the top down that has to be illegal." The staff was
just overmatched for what was happening, he says. "The drugs that
would have saved Stacy's life were either not available or no one
there knew how to administer it." Thursday morning, July 19, he heard
that she was dead. "She died before 10 am. I heard about it pretty
immediately," he says. His own tenure at the facility ended soon
after. "I got kicked out because they found out I was going to the
police and the media. That's how upside down the place is." Now, he's
trying to stay sober on his own, and Rick says he is fearful after
going to the authorities. "I have to pause multiple times a day
because of Stacy's death. I feel sick about it. They should have saved
her," he says. Instead, he fears that he'll suffer retaliation for
helping with the investigation. "I'm afraid for my life."
* ^ "Woman "held against her will" at
_McAlester News-Capital_. 21 July 2012. Retrieved 7 September 2012. A
young woman says she was held against her will at
and had to be rescued by Pittsburg County Sheriffs officers late
Thursday night. ... Ramsey said she wanted out because of the recent
death of her roommate at the facility, Stacy Dawn Murphy.
* ^ LeFlore, Jeanne (21 July 2012). "During a planned protest of
Narconon Arrowhead, the facility spends $50,000 to work on county road
where rally was to take place". _McAlester News-Capital_. Retrieved 7
September 2012. The road work took place in June 23 and June 24 during
a planned protest by Shirley Gilliam, the mother of Gabriel Graves, a
32-year-old man who was found dead at the facility in October, and
Collin Henderson, a former
Narconon patient. ... Pittsburg County
Commission Chairman Gene Rogers said he was contacted by Smith for
help the weekend the protest was scheduled — June 23 and 24th. "He
(Gary Smith) called me and said they might be having a problem with
the public that weekend and he wanted help policing the area and he
asked about doing overlaying (of the road)," Rogers said. Safety, not
the protest, was the reason the small section of county road was
resurfaced, according to the
* ^ Denwalt, Dale (22 August 2012). "Deaths at drug treatment
center being investigated". _Daily Elk Citian_. Retrieved 7 September
* ^ LeFlorre, Jeanne (27 February 2013). "Legislation affecting
Narconon Arrowhead passes Senate". _McAlester News-Capitol_. Retrieved
13 March 2014.
* ^ "
Oklahoma Senate Unanimously Passes Bill Aimed At Narconon
Arrowhead". _Newson6.com_. 1 May 2013. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
* ^ "Statement from
Rock Center /
Narconon International . 18 August 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2012.
* ^ Dobuzinskis, Alex. "Proposed Narcanon rehab clinic raises
concern among residents." _
Los Angeles Daily News _, 22 July 2006.
* ^ Slutske, Reina. "
Narconon Project Hearing Delayed Until
January." _Santa Clarita Signal_, 5 October 2006. "?".
* ^ "What use is the licensing law?". _St Petersburg Times_. 29
December 1981. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
* ^ Staff (6 April 2007). "Proceedings against Scientologists-run
clinic instituted in Moscow". _Interfax-Religion_.
* ^ "
Ulyanovsk police search local branch office of Church of
Scientology". _Interfax-Religion_. 18 April 2008.
* ^ _A_ _B_ CATHERINE SOLYOM (18 April 2012). "Health officials
Narconon drug rehab centre; Treatments based on
Scientology". _Montreal Gazette_. Retrieved 20 March 2014. Health
officials have ordered the
Narconon rehabilitation centre for drug
addicts in Trois Rivières to evacuate and relocate its 32 residents,
citing concerns over procedures that "may represent a risk to health"
and a lack of doctors on staff.
* ^ "
Narconon Centre in Rivières ordered to relocate its
Montreal Gazette . 17 April 2012. Retrieved 21 April 2012.
* ^ "Scientologist-run rehab centre ordered closed in Quebec".
_cbcnews Montreal_. 18 April 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
* ^ _A_ _B_ CATHERINE SOLYOM (20 April 2012). "Inside Narconon\'s
bizarre treatments; David love discusses his strange and painful
experiences there. It was like \'One Flew Over the Cuckoo\'s Nest
times 10,\' he says". _The Gazette_. Archived from the original on 25
April 2012. Retrieved 20 March 2014. Love also remembers a few who
Narconon staff refused to give them their medicine. On
several websites used to attract potential clients,
Narconon boasts of
its 70-to-75 per cent success rate and entirely drug-free program -
which even excludes prescription drugs. In one case, staff members
withheld insulin from a diabetic patient undergoing the sauna
treatment. That young man ended up in hospital for three days, Love
said. In another, it took away a patient's antidepressants. He jumped
from a second-floor window in a suicide attempt.
* ^ Andre Ahern, Director of Legal Affairs for Narconon
Trois-Rivieres (11 April 2012). "
Narconon Trois-Rivieres Drug Rehab
True Result". _PR Newswire (U.S.) /
Narconon press release_. Retrieved
20 March 2014.
* ^ "
Narconon meets fierce opposition in Hockley Valley Toronto
Star". _thestar.com_. Retrieved 2017-04-19.
* ^ Reynolds, Matt (18 September 2012). "Patient Sues
Scientology-Based Clinic". _Courthouse News Service_. Retrieved 18
September 2012. SANTA ANA, Calif. (CN) - A man tried to kill himself
at a Scientology-affiliated detox clinic after its "purification
rundown" took him off his prescribed medicines in a "quick taper," the
man claims in court.
* ^ Stephen Koff _"Top Scientologist Arrested in Spain"_ St.
Petersburg Times 22 November 1988 pg. 1A
* ^ Steven Koff _"
Scientology leader still jailed in Spain; church
St. Petersburg Times 10 December 1988
* ^ Ruth Gruber _"75
Scientologists go on trial today // \'It
should be a lively court session\'"_
St. Petersburg Times 29 March
1989 pg. 11.A
* ^ "Public Affairs and Religious Liberty - Home" (PDF). Retrieved
9 December 2015.
* ^ "Spanish court drops charges against
Scientology chief after 14
years", Agence France Presse, 11 April 2002
* ^ "Foreign missionaries deported from Kazakhstan". _BBC
Monitoring Central Asia_. Interfax-
Kazakhstan news agency, Almaty, in
Russian. 29 July 2008. Astana, 29 July: The head of the Narconon
public foundation, along with several other foreign missionaries, have
been deported from Kazakhstan, Kazakh Justice Minister Zagipa Baliyeva
* ^ Thomas C. Greene "Scientologist Web site rips off urban75.com:
Moneyed cult gets hip in the worst way"
The Register , 22 January
2001. Retrieved 4 June 2006.
Narconon and urban75 - the ultimate homage". Retrieved
4 June 2006.
* ^ Lester Haines "
Scientology exposé finds favour" _The Register
_ 26 January 2001. Retrieved 4 June 2006.
* ^ "
Narconon under investigation again".
WSB (AM) . 2013-04-26.
* ^ "Search warrants executed at
Narconon drug rehab clinic".
Atlanta Journal-Constitution . 2013-04-26.
* ^ Boone, Christian (25 September 2013). "
Narconon of Georgia
surrenders license, avoids prosecution". _Atlanta
Journal-Constitution_. Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Cox Media Group.
Retrieved 9 April 2014.
* ^ Fleischer, Jodie (24 September 2013). "Insurer moves to drop
Narconon of Georgia for fraud". _WSB TV 2_. Atlanta, Georgia, USA: Cox
Media Group. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Ortega, Tony (15 March 2014). "Ryan Hamilton files
two new suits against Scientology’s drug rehab network — in
California". Retrieved 19 March 2014.
* ^ "
Narconon Fresh Start". Naronon.org. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
* ^ "Amato Complaint".
* ^ "Estrada Complaint".
* ^ _A_ _B_ Ortega, Tony (26 February 2014). "Ryan Hamilton files
another lawsuit against Scientology’s Nevada drug rehab facility".
Retrieved 19 March 2014.
* ^ "Tarr Complaint".
* ^ Gallegos, Megan (26 February 2014). "
Narconon Rehab Called a
Scientology Come-on". _Courthouse News Service_. Pasadena, California:
Courthouse News. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
* ^ Ortega, Tony (14 April 2014). "
Scientology litigation always
has surprises: A new wrinkle from Narconon’s attorneys". _The
Underground Bunker_. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
* ^ Ortega, Tony. "Scientology’s drug rehab facility in Nevada
sued over the usual litany of deceptions".
* ^ "Welch Complaint".
* ^ Trinh, Jean (3 February 2014). "Drug Rehab Center Tricked
Patient Into Studying Scientology, Lawsuit Says". _LAist_. Los
Gothamist . Retrieved 7 April 2014.
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ "Scientology’s drug rehab hit with another
lawsuit; Laura D asked to turn over computer". _The Underground
Bunker_. 24 April 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014.
* ^ Baca, Nathan (12 May 2014). "I-Team: Lawsuits target
Scientology rehab center in Nev.". _8 News Now KLAS-TV LAS VEGAS_.
Retrieved 24 May 2014. Other documents obtained by Hamilton show
Narconon its "bridge" to moving patients into
* ^ LeFlore, Jeanne (22 May 2014). "
Narconon faces federal
lawsuit". _McAlester News-Capital_. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
* ^ "Scientology’s drug rehab network sued for conspiring to
misuse counseling credentials". The Underground Bunker. Retrieved 23
May 2014. After citing dozens of misuses of the NAFC’s
certifications and logos, the lawsuit then aims at the overall picture
Scientology has conspired to misuse these trademarks in order
Narconon a veneer of legitimacy, and, by extension, to
* ^ "NAFC, INC. VS NARCONON AND CHURCH OF SCIENTOLOGY INT’L".
Richardson, Richardson, Boudreaux & Keesling, PLLC, Attorneys for
Plaintiffs National Association of Forensic Counselors, Inc. and
American Academy of Certified Forensic Counselors, Inc. d/b/a ACCFC of
Certified Forensic Counselors. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
* ^ Lu, Alicia. "SCIENTOLOGY-INFLUENCED \'NARCONON\' DRUG PROGRAM
SNEAKS ITS WAY BACK INTO CALIFORNIA\'S PUBLIC SCHOOLS". BUSTLE.
Retrieved 29 May 2014.
* ^ "Federal Lawsuit Filed Against
Narconon For Fake
Certification". _news9.com Oklahoma's Own_. 27 May 2014. Retrieved 29
* ^ "Scribd Grand Jury Subpoena, Eric Tenorio". Retrieved 17 June
* ^ "
Narconon of Oklahoma". Retrieved 17 June 2014.
* ^ "
Oklahoma Grand Jury Process". Retrieved 17 June 2014.
* ^ "National Association of Forensic Counselors web site".
Retrieved 17 June 2014.
* ^ "Scribd court document, CARF civil complaint". Retrieved 17
* ^ "Scribd Fort Collins
Narconon court documents".
Retrieved 31 July 2015.
* ^ _A_ _B_ Baca, N. "I-Team: Patients Struggle at Scientology
Rehab Center". KLAS-TV Las Vegas. Retrieved 6 January 2013.
* ^ Algarin, Mat (Nov 12, 2014). "Crystal Beach treatment facility
to expand". Northwest
Florida Daily News. Retrieved 15 November 2014.
* ^ NarcononUK. "From Warrior to Emissary of Hope - Manchester\'s
Drug Free Ambassador, NarcononUK press release".
freestylejournalism.net. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
* ^ "Get Off Drugs Naturally". Retrieved 20 May 2015.
* ^ Tarnopolsky, Noga (20 September 2012). "Church of Scientology
opens center in Israel,
Scientology is expanding abroad, this time to
the Middle East". _Mail Online_. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
* ^ Reynolds, Matt (8 September 2012). "Patient Sues
Scientology-Based Clinic". _Courthous News_. Retrieved 21 September
* ^ Reynolds, Emma (20 September 2012). "Former drug addict sues
Scientology-based clinic after he jumped off balcony following week of
treatment". _Mail Online_. London. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
* ^ Church of Scientology, Toronto. "
Campaign: Say No to Drugs, Say Yes to Life". Retrieved 7 October 2012.
* ^ Sober Living in Orange County home page
* ^ Behrendt, Barbara (April 13, 2009). "Neighbors protest plans to
expand Suncoast Rehabilitation Center in Spring Hill". _Tampa Bay
Times_. Retrieved 8 December 2012.
* ^ Childes, Joe (August 25, 2014). "Scientology-related Narconon
rehab center may have violated law". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 5 June
* ^ Childs, Joe (25 July 2014). "Operators of
center to open Clearwater halfway house". _Tampa Bay Times_. Retrieved
4 December 2015. The Spring Hill center's website instructs
drug-dependent users to first seek treatment at a detox unit and then
transfer in. It does not suggest a specific facility, but a Feshbach
company owns one a few miles away — Novus Medical Detox Center in
New Port Richey.
* ^ Teen-anon home page at
Narconon Vista Bay
* ^ Muir, Hugh (13 August 2012). "Diary". _The Guardian_. Retrieved
20 March 2014. Who else will be sad that the Olympics is over? Well
there may well be a post-Games dip among members of L Ron Hubbard's
Scientology organisation. For they seemed to be doing good business
around Tower Bridge, handing out literature linked to the
organisation. The little booklets promised The Truth About Drugs.
Scientology nor L Ron are mentioned. Just his Foundation for a
Drug-Free World, the web address for which sits on the Scientology
website. Everyone was fair game this weekend. Even a passing
15-year-old. That sort of opportunity might not come again.
* ^ DeSio, John (31 May 2007). "The Rundown on Scientology’s
Purification Rundown: What
Scientologists aren't telling you about
their detox program (and how much it’s costing you)". _New York
* ^ Proctor, Jeff. "
Scientology Base Denied By Officials".
_Albuquerque Journal_. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
* ^ "
Scientology awards reach out to black community". Retrieved 19
* ^ "
Scientologists Finding Unlikely Allies in Other Faiths".
Retrieved 19 November 2013.
* ^ Jacobs, Robin. "Is
Scientology in Your Schools?" (PDF). _The
Humanist_. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
OFFICIAL NARCONON AND SCIENTOLOGY SITES
* Purification Rundown
Narconon Drug Abuse Prevention Program Evaluation by the State of
* Stop-Narconon.org ;background:none