Sanskrit : नारायण,
IAST : Nārāyaṇa, also
NARAYAN) is the supreme absolute being in
Hinduism and is considered
as the supreme deity in
Vaishnavism . The
Bhagavata Purana declares
Narayana as the
Para Brahman (Supreme Lord) who creates unlimited
universes and enters each one of them as Lord of the Universe.
Narayana engages in the creation of 14 worlds within the universe as
Brahma when he deliberately accepts rajas guna .
sustains, maintains and preserves the universe as
Vishnu when he
accepts sattva guna and annihilates the universe at the end of
Rudra when he accepts tamas guna . According
Bhagavata Purana , Lord
Narayana is the supreme controller and
is supreme among deities, the ultimate soul. He is also called as
Surya Narayana, one who shines like the brilliant sun. He is said
to pervade whatever is seen or heard in this universe from inside and
outside alike. He is also mainly associated with the cosmic waters of
Narayana is one of the five vyuhas of
Kṛṣṇa , which are cosmic emanations of God in contrast to his
incarnate avatars .
* 1 Description
* 2 Ancient Texts
* 3 Etymology
* 4 Gallery
* 5 See also
* 6 References
* 7 External links
Puranas , Lord
Narayana is described as having the
divine blue colour of water-filled clouds, four-armed, holding a padma
Panchajanya shankha (conch) and the
Sudarshana Chakra (discus).
Narayana is also often identified as
Jagannath in the Hindu sacred texts such
as the Bhagavad Gita, the
Vedas and the
Narayana is also
venerated as Mukunda (giver of
Moksha , liberation from cycle of
births and deaths in the material world). In the
Mahabharata , Krishna
is often referred to as
Arjuna as Nara. The epic
identifies them both in plural 'Krishnas', or as part incarnations of
the earlier incarnations of
Vishnu , recalling their mystical identity
Narayana is also described in the
Bhagavad Gita as having a universal
Vishvarupa ) which is beyond the ordinary limits of human
perception or imagination.
Narayana's eternal and supreme abode beyond the material universe is
Vaikuntha which is a realm of bliss and happiness called Paramapadha,
which means final or highest place for liberated souls, where they
enjoy bliss and happiness for eternity in the company of supreme lord.
Vaikuntha is situated beyond the material universe and hence, cannot
be perceived or measured by material science or logic. Sometimes,
Ksheera Sagara where
Vishnu rests on Ananta
Shesha is also
Vaikuntha within the material universe.
Narayana is hailed in each and every part of
Narayana is also hailed in the
Upanishads like, Isopanishad,
Chandogya Upanishad, Brihadaranyaka Upanishad, Mundaka Upanishad,
Mandukya Upanishad, Katha Upanishad, Kenopanishad, Prasna Upanishad,
Svetasvatara Upanishad, Maha
There are multiple variations of Lord Narayana's name.
The word 'Narayana' means "The one who rests on water's of creation".
The waters are called "narah", for the waters are, indeed, produced
Nara-Narayana (the first Being); as they were his first residence
"ayana", he is called Narayana.
Narayana also means,
"The Supreme Being who is the foundation of all men".
Another interpretation sees,
Nara means "human" and Ayana as "direction/goal". Some view Narayana
as meaning "son of man." Hence,
Narayana refers to the "direction of a
human" (towards moksha).
Nara means "Human" and Ayana also means "Shelter" so
shelter of all human beings. The
Narayana Upanishad reads:
Om Namo Narayanayeti mantra upasaka
Vaikuntha bhuvanam gamishyati,
In Sanskrit, The word 'Nara' can also refer to a man, male or a
Narayana is spoken of in the scriptures as being parabrahman,
paramatma parameshwar parashakti and parajyothi which are all ways of
saying "absolute" or "supreme".
Vedas , it is written,
Narayana parabrahman tatvam
which points to how
Narayana is essentially the supreme force and/or
essence of all.
Narayan Temple on Narayanhiti palace premises,Kathmandu,Nepal
Oldest Sridhar Narayan statue at Naksaal, Kathmandu
Wikimedia Commons has media related to NARAYANA .
Bhagavata Purana Canto 2 Chapter 10 Verse 10
Bhagavata Purana Canto 2 Chapter 5 Verse 16-18
Bhagavata Purana Canto 11 Chapter 4 Verse 5
Vishnu Purana 1.2.61-63
Bhagavata Purana (12.12.56): "Narayanam Devam adevam isam -
Lord Narayana, the Supreme controller and the ultimate Soul of all
existence, beyond whom there is no other God.
Bhagavata Purana (12.13.16): Just as the river Ganges is the
greatest of all rivers, Lord Achyuta (
Vishnu or Narayana) the supreme
among deities (devas) and Lord Shambhu (Shiva) the greatest of
Bhagavata Purana is the greatest of all Puranas.
* ^ http://sanskritdocuments.org/doc_vishhnu/narayana-sukta.html
* ^ Bryant, Edwin F., Krishna: a Sourcebook. p.359 "Madhvacharya
separates Vishnu’s manifestations into two groups: Vishnu’s vyuhas
(emanations) and His avataras (incarnations). The vyuhas have their
basis in the
Pancharatra agamas, a sectarian text that was accepted as
authoritative by both the
Vishishtadvaita and Madhva schools of
Vedanta. They are mechanisms by which the universe is ordered, was
created, and evolves. According to Madhvacharya,
Vishnu has either
four or five vyuhas, named Narayana, Vasudeva, Sankarshana, Pradyumna
and Aniruddha, which evolve one after the other in the development of
the universe. The status of the fifth vyuha, Narayana, is not clear,
and in some passages, he is not even mentioned."
Bhagavad Gita (15.18): Because I am transcendental, beyond the
fallible and the infallible, and because I am the greatest, I am
celebrated both in the world and in the
Vedas as that Supreme Person
* ^ Name No. 515 in
* ^ Vaisnavism Saivism and Minor Religious Systems, Ramkrishna
Gopal Bhandarkar. Published by Asian Educational Services, p.46.
* ^ Hiltebeitel, Alf (1990). The ritual of battle:
Krishna in the
Mahābhārata. Albany, N.Y: State University of New York Press. ISBN
0-7914-0249-5 . p61
Prabhupada , AC Bhaktivedanta. "Bhagavad-gita As It Is Chapter
11 Verse 3". vedabase.net. Retrieved 2008-05-10. "see the cosmic