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Narasimhavarman I
Narasimhavarman I
(Tamil: முதலாம் நரசிம்மவர்மன்.) was a Tamil king of the Pallava dynasty
Pallava dynasty
who ruled South India
South India
from 630–668 AD. He shared his father Mahendravarman I's love of art and completed the work started by Mahendravarman in Mamallapuram. He avenged his father's defeat at the hands of the Chalukya
Chalukya
king, Pulakeshin II
Pulakeshin II
in the year 642 AD . Narasimhavarman was also known as Mamallan (great wrestler), and Mamallapuram
Mamallapuram
(Mahabalipuram) was named after him. It was during his reign, in 640 AD, that the Chinese traveller Hiuen Tsang visited Kanchipuram.[1] Narasimhavarman I
Narasimhavarman I
was a devotee of Shiva. The great Nayanar saints like Appar, Siruthondar and Tirugnanasambandar lived during his reign. Narasimhavarman I
Narasimhavarman I
was succeeded by his son Mahendravarman II in the year 668 AD.

Contents

1 Military conquests

1.1 War with the Chalukyas 1.2 Influence on Sri Lankan politics

2 Narasimhavarman in literature 3 Notes 4 References 5 External links

Military conquests[edit] Narasimhavarman I
Narasimhavarman I
is claimed to be one of the 12 Indian kings who never lost on the battlefield to their enemies, the others being Ajatashatru, Chandragupta Maurya, Karikala Chola, Cheran Senguttuvan, great Nayanmar saint Kochengannan of Chola dynasty, Chola king Rajasuyam Vaetta Perunarkilli (575 BC), who successfully completed military Rajasuyam sacrifice, Pandyan Nedunchezhian of the Sangam age, Samudragupta, great Pallava
Pallava
Nayanmar saint Rajasimha, Rajaraja Chola I, his great warrior son Rajendra Chola
Rajendra Chola
and Rana Kumbha
Rana Kumbha
of Mewar. War with the Chalukyas[edit] Pulakeshin II, a deccan king, had previously raided various northern Pallava
Pallava
provinces and forts. However, he was unable to capture the Pallava
Pallava
capital of Kanchipuram.[2] This led to a long conflict between the Chalukyas and the Pallavas. Pulakeshin II
Pulakeshin II
again attempted to seize the Pallava
Pallava
capital and undertook another expedition several years later. However, the Pallava reign had moved on to Narasimhavarman I
Narasimhavarman I
by then. Narasimhavarman defeated the Chalukyas in several battles, including one at Manimangalam 20 miles to the east of Kanchipuram. The king states that he could see the back of his dreaded enemy as he tore apart his army. Encouraged by this victory, Narasimhavarman led his army along with his general Paranjothi and invaded Vatapi, successfully defeating[1] and killing the Chalukya
Chalukya
king Pulakeshin II
Pulakeshin II
in 642 CE. The city was never a capital again.[3] He returned victorious to Kanchipuram, and was given the title Vatapikondan (one who conquered Vatapi).[4] His general Paranjothi (a Vikrama Kesari, also known as paradurgamarddana) was known very well for his devotion to Lord Siva and as one of the 63 Nayanmar saints, is said to have indeed personally destroyed the city of Vatapi
Vatapi
under the command of Narasimhavarman I. Sekkizhaar's work 12th tirumurai credits this siruttondar of having destroyed the evil kali as manifested by the deccan enemy of pallavas. He is also known as 'Siruthonttar', a dutiful warrior and a practicing medic who had "mastered several treatises in medicine". This vikramakesari had at the insistence of Lord Sivan sacrificed his child without any qualms. There was a confusion as to whether the Ganesha at a temple in Chengattankudy could have been a result of this invasion but this seems not to be true because the temple and association of Lord Ganesha with the same are well described in sthalapuranam or the literature discussing the importance of the place. The Ganesha seems to be installed several thousands of years ago in a previous epoch. Many grants refer to this event as: "kilisayoneriva vimattita vathapi" or the one who destroyed Vatapi, the same way Sage Agastya had killed a demon by that name long ago.(**) Influence on Sri Lankan politics[edit] The Sinhalese prince Manavarma lived at the court of Narasimhavarman and had helped him crush his enemy Pulakeshin II. In return, Narasimhavarman supplied Manavarma twice with an army to invade Sri Lanka. The second attack was successful. Manavarma occupied Sri Lanka, over which he is supposed to have ruled from A. D. 691 to 726. The Kasakudi copper plates refer to Narasimhavarman's conquest of Sri Lanka. The Mahavamsa
Mahavamsa
also confirms these facts. Narasimhavarman in literature[edit] Kalki Krishnamurthy's work, Sivagamiyin Sabadham, is based on Narasimhavarman's early years and his battles with the Chalukyas. Kalki Krishnamurthy's Parthiban kanavu is based on the later years of Narasimhavarman's rule.

Narasimhavarman I Pallava
Pallava
dynasty

Preceded by Mahendravarman I Pallava
Pallava
dynasty 630–668 Succeeded by Mahendravarman II

Notes[edit]

^ a b Sen, Sailendra (2013). A Textbook of Medieval Indian History. Primus Books. pp. 41–42. ISBN 978-9-38060-734-4.  ^ Keay, John, India: A History, p170 ^ KAN Sastri, A History of South India, p136 ^ Keay, John, India: A History, p172

References[edit]

Keay, John (2001). India: A History. Grove Press. ISBN 0-8021-3797-0.  Sastri, K A N (2008). A History of South India
South India
(4th ed.). New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press. 

(**) Ancient India, R. C. Majumdar, Ancient India, K.A.Nilakanta Sastri External links[edit]

Inscriptions of India -- Complete listing of historical inscriptions from Indian temples and monuments

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 70874159

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