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Narahari Tirtha (d. 1333 CE) was a scholar and one of the disciples of Madhvacharya. He is considered to be the progenitor of the Haridasa movement along with Sripadaraja. [2] Though only 2 of his scholarly works are extant, they are characterised by their verbosity and lack of digressions. [3] A few songs of his survive under the nom de plume Raghukulatilaka. As a minister of considerable influence to the Eastern Ganga rulers and later as the pontiff of Madhvacharya
Madhvacharya
mutt, Narahari converted the Simhachalam
Simhachalam
temple into an educational establishment of renown and a religious centre for Vaishnavism. [4]

Contents

1 Life 2 Works and Legacy 3 Notes 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External links

Life[edit] Nothing is known about his early life except that he served as a minister in the Eastern Ganga Kingdom in Kalinga (modern day Odisha) and later as a regent in the stead of Narasimha
Narasimha
Deva II before his ordination as a monk. Information about his life is derived from a hagiography called Narahariyatistotra, Narayana
Narayana
Pandita's Madhva Vijaya and inscriptions from the Srikurmam
Srikurmam
and Simhachalam
Simhachalam
temples, all of which attest to his regency. The inscriptions also allude to his expertise in scriptures and swordsmanship. [5] Sharma conjectures from the presence and contents of the inscriptions that post 1281 C.E he was "the virtual overlord of the country".[6] At the height of his power, he built the Yogananda Narasimha
Narasimha
Temple in Srikurmam
Srikurmam
and defended the city from attacks of vandals. [7] There is also evidence that he was patronised by Bhanudeva I and his ward Narasimha
Narasimha
Deva II and also that he disseminated the philosophy of Madhva
Madhva
throughout Kalinga. [8] His mortal remains rest at Charkratirtha near Hampi. Works and Legacy[edit] Narahari's treatise on the Gita Bhashya of Madhva
Madhva
called Bhavaprakashika is considered to be an important work in the Dvaita Cannon, being referenced by Jayatirtha
Jayatirtha
and Raghavendra Tirtha. Sharma notes that Narahari expands upon the obscure passages in the source text and directs polemical barbs against the commentaries by Sankara and Ramanuja. [9] Though presumably not of Kannada
Kannada
origin, many of his works were in that language although only three of his compositions in Kannada
Kannada
survive [1]. Narahari and Sripadaraja
Sripadaraja
are considered to be the forerunners of the Haridasa
Haridasa
movement by penning songs and hymns, mostly containing the teachings of Madhva
Madhva
in simplified terms and set to music in the vernacular Kannada
Kannada
language. Traditionally, Narahari is also considered to be the founder of Yakshagana
Yakshagana
and Bayalaata, a dance form which still flourishes in parts of Karnataka and Kasargod in present-day Kerala. Notes[edit]

1.^ The songs are yanthu marulade nanenthu, hariye idu sariye and hariye idu sariye

References[edit]

^ Sharma 200, p. 297. ^ Rice 1982, p. 77. ^ Sharma 2000, p. 299. ^ Sundaram 1969, p. 77. ^ Sharma, p. 296. ^ Sharma, p. 298. ^ Banerji, p. 271. ^ Rao 1901, p. 44. ^ Sharma, p. 299.

Bibliography[edit]

Sharma, B. N. Krishnamurti (2000). A History of the Dvaita
Dvaita
School of Vedānta and Its Literature, Vol 1. 3rd Edition. Motilal Banarsidass (2008 Reprint). ISBN 978-8120815759.  Rice, E.P (1982). A History of Kannada
Kannada
Literature. Asian Educational Services,India. ISBN 978-8120600638.  Sundaram, K (1969). The Simhachalam
Simhachalam
Temple. Simhachalam Devasthanam.  Rao, R. Subba (1901). Journal of the Andhra Historical Research Society. Andhra Historical Research Society.  Banerji, R. D (1930). History of Orissa: From Earliest Times to the British Period. Chatterjee. 

External links[edit]

Biography of Narahari Tirtha

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(1199–1278 CE) Naraharitirtha
Naraharitirtha
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