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NANNING (Chinese : 南宁; pinyin : Nánníng; Zhuang : Nanzningz) is the capital of the Guangxi
Guangxi
Zhuang Autonomous Region in southern China . It is known as the "Green City" because of its abundance of lush tropical foliage . As of 2014 it had a population of 6,913,800 with 4,037,000 in its urban area.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Administrative divisions * 3 Cityscape

* 4 Economy

* 4.1 Industrial zones

* 5 Transportation

* 5.1 Metro * 5.2 Air * 5.3 Rail * 5.4 Highways

* 6 Flora and fauna

* 7 Geography

* 7.1 Climate

* 8 Sister cities * 9 Demographics

* 10 Culture

* 10.1 Food

* 11 Tourism * 12 Colleges and universities * 13 See also * 14 References * 15 External links

HISTORY

This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material may be challenged and removed . (June 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message )

Nanning, an ancient city with a long history and rich culture, was part of Baiyue
Baiyue
ethnic groups in the ancient time. In the first year of Daxing period of Eastern Jin Dynasty (318 AD), Jinxing County, established here as one of the county towns, ushered a history of 1700 years of Nanning
Nanning
organizational system. During the Zhenguan period of Tang dynasty (632 AD), it was renamed Yong state and established Yong government seat, which is why it has been called Yong for short. In the first year of Taiding period of Yuan Dynasty (318 AD), Road Yong State was renamed Road Nanning, referring to a peaceful southern border of our country, which is the origin of Nanning.

Nanning
Nanning
was once the territory of the Baiyue
Baiyue
people and became the capital of Jinxing Prefecture which was separated from Yulin Prefecture of the Eastern Jin dynasty .

In 1076 during the Song-Lý War
Song-Lý War
Yongshou was besieged by Lý forces. Under the leadership of Su Jian, the garrison held out for forty-two days before succumbing: The city was razed to the ground and its people massacred.

In the Yuan dynasty
Yuan dynasty
in 1324, it was renamed Nanning
Nanning
Lu (an administrative division) of Yongzhou Lu meaning "May peace maintain in the southern frontier", hence the name Nanning. Historically, Nanning was famous for trade, and had permanent business offices from other areas in China
China
since the Song dynasty
Song dynasty
.

In the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
Nanning
Nanning
developed into the commodity distributing center of the Zuo River and the You River with the reputation of "Little Nanjing
Nanjing
".

On December 4, 1949, Nanning
Nanning
got liberated; in January 1950, Nanning municipality was set up, and identified as the capital city of Guangxi on February 8 of the same year; in March 1958, the Guangxi
Guangxi
Zhuang Autonomous Region was established, and Nanning
Nanning
municipality was the capital city.

Nanning
Nanning
serves as host for the annual China- ASEAN
ASEAN
EXPO (C ASEAN
ASEAN
EXPO) which began in 2005 and was the venue for the 2006 "World Robotics Olympiad".

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

Nanning
Nanning
has jurisdiction over 7 districts , 5 counties , and 6 development zones.

MAP

XINGNING QINGXIU JIANGNAN XIXIANGTANG LIANGQING YONGNING WUMING Long'an County Mashan County Shanglin County Binyang County Heng County

DIVISIONS CHINESE HANYU PINYIN ZHUANG Population (2004 est.) AREA (KM²) Density (/km²)

CITY PROPER

Qingxiu District 青秀区 Qīngxiù Qū Cinghsiu Gih 440,000 872 505

Xingning District 兴宁区 Xīngníng Qū Singhningz Gih 260,000 751 346

Jiangnan District 江南区 Jiāngnán Qū Gyanghnanz Gih 360,000 1,154 312

Xixiangtang District 西乡塘区 Xīxiāngtáng Qū Sihsienghdangz Gih 660,000 1,118 590

Liangqing District 良庆区 Liángqìng Qū Liengzcing Gih 290,000 1,369 212

Yongning District 邕宁区 Yōngníng Qū Yunghningz Gih 320,000 1,295 247

SUBURB AND RURAL

Wuming District 武鸣区 Wǔmíng Qū Vujmingz Gih 650,000 3,367 193

Heng County 横县 Héng Xiàn Hwngz Yen 1,080,000 3,464 312

Binyang County 宾阳县 Bīnyáng Xiàn Binhyangz Yen 980,000 2,314 424

Shanglin County 上林县 Shànglín Xiàn Sanglinz Yen 460,000 1,876 245

Long\'an County 隆安县 Lóng'ān Xiàn Lungzanh Yen 370,000 2,264 163

Mashan County 马山县 Mǎshān Xiàn Majsanh Yen 510,000 2,345 217

Development Zones:

* Nanning
Nanning
High-Tech Business DZ (南宁高新技术产业开发区) * Nanning
Nanning
Economic and technology DZ (南宁经济技术开发区) * Nanning Overseas Chinese Investment Zone (南宁华侨投资区) * Nanning
Nanning
Qingxiu Mountain Resort/ Tourism Area (南宁青秀山风景名胜旅游区) * Nanning
Nanning
Xiangsi Lake New Area (南宁相思湖新区) * Nanning Liujing Industrial Park (南宁六景工业园区)

CITYSCAPE

Nanning
Nanning
is home of the 21st tallest building in the People's Republic of China, the Diwang International Commerce Center , at 276 m (906 ft), currently the tallest building in Guangxi
Guangxi
and southwestern China
China
(excluding Chongqing
Chongqing
). The second tallest building in Nanning is the World Trade Commerce City at 218 meters. The city currently has seven buildings taller than 100 m (330 ft), built or under construction.

Nanning
Nanning
has many parks with tropical lush green landscape, it is one of the "greenest" cities in China, and it's known as "Green City"(绿城). Nanning's downtown skyline is rapidly changing and the city is becoming an important hub in China.

Recently, the government has begun a citywide beautification plan which aimed to further clean up the city and improve its image. This involved curtailing the number of street-side food vendors operating without proper licenses and restricting parking in busy streets. The program has achieved initial success, long-term efforts are still needed to deliver lasting results.

ECONOMY

Nanning
Nanning
Street

Nanning's GDP
GDP
in 2015 was 341 billion RMB. The GDP
GDP
per capita was $7,844.

Foreign exports in 2007 were 10 billion USD. Foreign fixed asset investment was 34.3 billion RMB. Nanning
Nanning
has six development zones and industrial parks, three of which accounted for 6 billion RMB of Nanning's GDP, more than 8 percent of Nanning's total.

Mineral resources include gold, iron, manganese, aluminum, quartz, silver, indium, coal, marble, and granite. One third of China's different types of mineral resources are found in Nanning.

INDUSTRIAL ZONES

* Guilin
Guilin
High-tech Industrial Development Zone * Nanning
Nanning
Economic "> Nanning
Nanning
train station

METRO

Main article: Nanning Rail Transit

Nanning
Nanning
Metro system is known for its Nanning Rail Transit (NNRT), expected to comprise a total of nine lines. The first has been completed and put into operation in June 2016, while lines 2, 3 and 4 are now under construction. Line 1 connects the East and West of Nanning, linking the financial and political center and the academic and research center of Nanning.

Stations of Line 1 from the West to East are: Shu Fu—Nan Zhi Yuan—Peng Fei— Xi Xiang Tang Coach Station—Minzu Daxue— Qing Chuan— Nanning
Nanning
Zoo— Lu Ban Road— Guangxi
Guangxi
University— Bai Cang Ling—Train Station— Chao Yang Plaza—Xin Min Road—Minzu Plaza—Ma Cun,—Nan Hu— Jin Hu Plaza—International Expo—MixCity—China- ASEAN
ASEAN
business center—Feng Lin—Lang Dong Coach Station—Bai Hua Lin—Fo Zi Lin— Nanning
Nanning
East Train Station.

AIR

* Nanning Wuxu International Airport

RAIL

Further information: High-speed rail in China
China

Nanning railway station is a railway junction for the Nanning– Kunming
Kunming
, Nanning– Guangzhou
Guangzhou
and Hunan– Guangxi
Guangxi
Railways . There are also plans to build a high-speed railway to Pingxiang on the Vietnamese border. The goal is to better integrate Pan-Pearl River Delta and southeast China
China
with members of the ASEAN
ASEAN
.

At the end of 2013, some high-speed service has been introduced on the Hunan– Guangxi
Guangxi
Railway and on the railway line that connects Nanning
Nanning
with Beihai
Beihai
(as well as its branch to Fangchenggang ).

Guangxi
Guangxi
is also a conjunction of Guangdong- Guiyang
Guiyang
Highspeed Rail.

HIGHWAYS

* China
China
National Highway 210

FLORA AND FAUNA

Nanning's warm climate gives it a large amount of biodiversity . There are many species of animals and more than 3,000 species of plants. The city flower is the Jaba flower , an evergreen shrub, and the city tree is the almond tree which is regarded as the backbone tree used for greening and landscaping throughout the city.

GEOGRAPHY

Nanning
Nanning
is located in the southern part of the Guangxi
Guangxi
Zhuang Autonomous Region, 160 km (99 mi) from the border with Vietnam
Vietnam
. It has an administrative area of 22,293 km2 (8,607 sq mi).

Nanning
Nanning
is situated in a hilly basin with elevations between 70 and 500 m (230 and 1,640 ft) above sea-level. Qingxiu Mountain dominates the southern part of town.

CLIMATE

NANNING

CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )

J F M A M J J A S O N D

35 17 10 43 18 12 59 22 15 97 27 20 186 30 23 207 32 25 219 33 25 205 33 25 128 32 24 66 28 20 40 24 15 25 20 11

Average max. and min. temperatures in °C

Precipitation totals in mm

Source: CMA

IMPERIAL CONVERSION

J F M A M J J A S O N D

1.4 62 50 1.7 64 53 2.3 71 59 3.8 80 67 7.3 87 73 8.1 90 77 8.6 91 78 8.1 91 77 5 89 74 2.6 83 68 1.6 75 60 1 68 52

Average max. and min. temperatures in °F

Precipitation totals in inches

Nanning
Nanning
has a warm, monsoon -influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with an annual mean temperature of 21.82 °C (71.3 °F). Summers are hot and humid with July, the hottest month, having a 24-hour average temperature of 28.4 °C (83.1 °F). Winters are mild and somewhat damp with January, the coolest month, averaging 12.9 °C (55.2 °F) in January. From February to August, rain is most frequent and relative humidity consistently averages above 80 percent; the annual rainfall is 1,310 millimetres (51.6 in). The area is also frost -free for all but 3 or 4 days a year and snowfall is virtually unheard of in the city, with a unique exception since 1900: in December 1975 snow fell on the city albeit without sticking to the ground. Extreme temperatures have ranged from −2.1 to 40.4 °C (28 to 105 °F). With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 17 percent in March to 51 percent in September, the city receives 1,585 hours of bright sunshine annually.

CLIMATE DATA FOR NANNING (NORMALS 1971−2000, EXTREMES 1951−2010)

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 32.6 (90.7) 36.2 (97.2) 35.5 (95.9) 38.3 (100.9) 40.4 (104.7) 37.9 (100.2) 39.0 (102.2) 39.1 (102.4) 38.2 (100.8) 35.2 (95.4) 33.7 (92.7) 30.5 (86.9) 40.4 (104.7)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 16.9 (62.4) 18.0 (64.4) 25.5 (77.9) 27.6 (81.7) 30.4 (86.7) 32.1 (89.8) 32.9 (91.2) 32.7 (90.9) 31.6 (88.9) 28.4 (83.1) 24.1 (75.4) 20.2 (68.4) 26.3 (79.3)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 12.9 (55.2) 14.1 (57.4) 17.7 (63.9) 22.5 (72.5) 25.9 (78.6) 27.9 (82.2) 28.4 (83.1) 28.2 (82.8) 26.9 (80.4) 23.5 (74.3) 18.9 (66) 14.9 (58.8) 21.8 (71.2)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 10.0 (50) 11.5 (52.7) 15.0 (59) 19.6 (67.3) 22.8 (73) 24.9 (76.8) 25.4 (77.7) 25.2 (77.4) 23.6 (74.5) 20.2 (68.4) 15.3 (59.5) 11.3 (52.3) 18.7 (65.7)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −2.1 (28.2) 0.2 (32.4) 3.7 (38.7) 9.2 (48.6) 13.5 (56.3) 18.2 (64.8) 19.7 (67.5) 19.9 (67.8) 15.4 (59.7) 6.9 (44.4) 0.7 (33.3) −1.9 (28.6) −2.1 (28.2)

AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 35.3 (1.39) 42.6 (1.677) 59.4 (2.339) 97.1 (3.823) 185.6 (7.307) 207.1 (8.154) 218.8 (8.614) 205.3 (8.083) 128.3 (5.051) 65.5 (2.579) 40.3 (1.587) 24.5 (0.965) 1,309.8 (51.569)

AVERAGE RAINY DAYS (≥ 0.1 MM) 11.1 13.2 13.8 13.6 16.6 16.3 16.8 16.2 10.5 8.5 6.8 5.9 149.3

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 78 81 82 81 80 82 82 82 78 75 74 74 79.1

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 69.6 56.7 61.8 91.4 144.0 161.1 196.8 186.1 185.6 163.7 144.2 123.7 1,584.7

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 21 18 17 24 35 40 48 47 51 46 44 37 35.7

Source: China
China
Meteorological Administration, all-time extreme temperature

SISTER CITIES

* Khon Kaen
Khon Kaen
, Thailand
Thailand
(2001) * Crema , Italy
Italy
(2015) * Cupertino
Cupertino
, United States
United States
(2017)

DEMOGRAPHICS

At 2010 census, the total population of Nanning
Nanning
was 6,611,600, among which 2,875,220 were urban residents (after the adjustment of administrative divisions) and 2,480,340 in the built up area made of 5 out of 6 urban districts. Nanning
Nanning
is a city in which Zhuang ethnic group live in compact communities. Thirty-five ethnic groups live in compact communities in Nanning, including people of Zhuang , Han , Yao , Hui , Miao , Dong, and Man minorities.

CULTURE

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Nanning
Nanning
is the center of science and technology, education, culture and health in Guangxi
Guangxi
Zhuang Autonomous Region. There are altogether 54 scientific research institutes subordinate to districts. 10 colleges and 50 trade schools are training specialised personnel of all kinds. Now there are 62 mass cultural organizations, 13 performing groups, 8 cinemas, 285 projecting units, over 70 karaoke halls and over 1000 newsstands. Bookshops and cultural markets can be found everywhere.

FOOD

Nanning
Nanning
has not only local cuisine but also food from other areas of China
China
and abroad. Traditional food culture can be found around most streets of Nanning. Nanning
Nanning
food shares the style of Cantonese
Cantonese
food and of Southeast Asia. Chinese cuisine
Chinese cuisine
including Guangdong, Szechuan , Hunan
Hunan
and Jiangsu
Jiangsu
as well as Japanese , Thai and Western cuisines can be found.

Rice noodles
Rice noodles
are very popular among the Nanning
Nanning
people. Laoyou rice noodles are the most famous, while other noodle dishes such as Guilin rice noodles and hand made noodles can be found. Laoyou rice noodles (means old friend rice noodles) made of fry up pepper, sour bamboo shots, black beans and garlic, then pork, and then soup and rice noodles. The sour spicy tasted noodles are very popular and cheep favorable street food for all meals in Nanning. (breakfast, lunch, dinner)

TOURISM

Nanning
Nanning
is close to scenic Guilin
Guilin
, with its world-famous hillscape, northern and western Guangxi
Guangxi
and its minority villages, and the border with Vietnam
Vietnam
in the south.

Tourist attractions in Nanning
Nanning
include Guangxi
Guangxi
Museum , People\'s Park with the Zhenning Fort, Mount Qingxiu, Guangxi
Guangxi
Medicinal Herb Botanical Garden, and Yangmei Ancient Town .

Other places of interest include Nanhu Park, Shishan Park and Nanning Zoo.

COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

* Guangxi
Guangxi
University (founded 1928) includes Xingjian College (as of 2005) * Guangxi
Guangxi
Arts College * Guangxi
Guangxi
Medical University * Guangxi
Guangxi
University for Nationalities * Guangxi
Guangxi
Teachers Education University (广西师范学院)(founded 1953) * Guangxi
Guangxi
University of Chinese Medicine (广西中医药大学) (founded 1956) * Guangxi
Guangxi
University of Finance and Economics

Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.

SEE ALSO

* List of twin towns and sister cities in China
China
* People\'s Hospital of Guangxi
Guangxi
Zhuang Autonomous Region

REFERENCES

* ^ "Illuminating China\'s Provinces, Municipalities and Autonomous Regions". PRC Central Government Official Website. Retrieved 2014-05-17. * ^ "3-5主要年份各市按居住地分的城乡人口(2005-2014年)-数析网". www.tjsql.com. Retrieved 2016-03-06. * ^ According to the table on List of tallest buildings in the People\'s Republic of China
China
* ^ 艳梅, 黄; 志雄, 杨 (25 March 2008). "2007南宁市GDP总量首次突破一千亿元人民币". 中新广西网 (in Chinese). Retrieved 23 July 2015. * ^ "High-speed railway to boost trade". Retrieved 19 February 2011. * ^ " China
China
starts construction of Nanning- Guangzhou
Guangzhou
high-speed rail line". Xinhua
Xinhua
. 9 November 2008. Retrieved 28 August 2010. * ^ Nanning
Nanning
train schedule (in Chinese) * ^ 广西再开通运营9对动车组 陈武宣布高铁开通 ( Guangxi
Guangxi
opens new CRH service, with 9 pairs of train a day. Chen Wu announces the opening of high-speed service), 2013-12-31 * ^ "Profile of Nanning" (in Chinese). Archived from the original on 10 June 2008. Retrieved 11 June 2008. * ^ A B "Extreme Temperatures Around the World". Retrieved 2013-02-21. * ^ 中国气象局 国家气象信息中心 (IN CHINESE). CHINA METEOROLOGICAL ADMINISTRATION . RETRIEVED 2010-05-04. * ^ 南宁市2010年第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报. 广西壮族自治区统计局 (IN CHINESE). 南宁市统计局. 6 JULY 2011. MISSING OR EMPTY URL= (HELP ); ACCESS-DATE= REQUIRES URL= (HELP ) * ^ China\'s Southwest. Lonely Planet. 2007. p. 192. ISBN 978-1-74104-185-9 . * ^ Ancient Town of Yangmei

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to NANNING .

* Nanning
Nanning
Government website

* v * t * e

Guangxi
Guangxi
topics

Nanning
Nanning
(capital )

GENERAL

* History * Politics * Economy

GEOGRAPHY

* Cities * Nan Mountains * Gulf of Tonkin
Gulf of Tonkin
* Kitten Mountain
Kitten Mountain

EDUCATION

* Guangxi
Guangxi
University * Guangxi
Guangxi
Normal University *