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Nanning (; ; za, Namzningz) is the capital and largest city by population of the in . It is known as the "Green City" because of its abundance of lush . Located in the South of Guangxi, Nanning is surrounded by a hilly basin, with a warm, -influenced . As of 2018 sampling, Nanning had a population of 7,241,100, of which 4,417,600 live in the urban area and 3,839,800 live in its 6 suburban districts. Beginning in 1949, Nanning's economy began developing beyond its former role as essentially a commercial and administrative centre, as it underwent sustained industrial growth. Today, Nanning is considered the economic, financial and cultural center of Guangxi, and the chief centre for the training of the minority in Guangxi. The is located in the center of the city. The city is home to , including , , and .


History

Nanning, an ancient city with a long history and rich culture, was part of ethnic groups in the ancient time. In the first year of Daxing period of (AD 318), Jinxing County, established here as one of the county towns, ushered a history of 1700 years of Nanning organizational system. During the Zhenguan period of (AD 632), it was renamed Yong prefecture (Yongzhou) and established Yongzhou government seat, which is why it has been called Yong () for short. In the first year of Taiding period of (AD1318), Yongzhou was renamed Nanning, meaning the Pacified South. Nanning was once the territory of the Baiyue people and became the capital of Jinxing Prefecture which was separated from of the Eastern Jin Dynasty. In 1076 during the Yongshou was besieged by Lý forces. Under the leadership of Su Jian, the garrison held out for forty-two days before succumbing. The city was razed to the ground and its people massacred by . In the in 1324, it was renamed Nanning Lu (Nanning Circuit) of Yongzhou. Historically, Nanning was famous for trade, and had permanent business offices from other areas in China since the . In the Nanning developed into an economic center of the Zuo River and the You River with the reputation of "Little ". On 4 December 1949, Nanning was captured by the CPC; in January 1950, Nanning municipality was set up, and identified as the capital city of Guangxi on 8 February of the same year; in March 1958, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region was established, and Nanning municipality was the capital city. Nanning serves as host for the annual China- EXPO (CASEAN EXPO) which began in 2004 and was the venue for the 2006 "World Robotics Olympiad".


Administrative divisions

Nanning has jurisdiction over 7 , 5 , and 6 development zones. Development Zones: * () * () * () * () * () * ()


Cityscape

Nanning is home of the 21st tallest building in the People's Republic of China, the , at , currently the tallest building in Guangxi and southwestern China (excluding ). The second tallest building in Nanning is the at 218 meters. The city currently has seven buildings taller than , built or under construction. Nanning has many parks with tropical lush green landscape, it is one of the "greenest" cities in China, and it's known as "Green City"(). Nanning's downtown skyline is rapidly changing and the city is becoming an important hub in China. Recently, the government has begun a citywide beautification plan which aimed to further clean up the city and improve its image. This involved curtailing the number of street-side food vendors operating without proper licenses and restricting parking in busy streets. The program has achieved initial success, long-term efforts are still needed to deliver lasting results.


Economy

Nanning's in 2015 was 341 billion RMB. The GDP per capita was $7,844. Foreign exports in 2007 were US$10 billion. Foreign fixed asset investment was 34.3 billion RMB. Nanning has six development zones and industrial parks, three of which accounted for 6 billion RMB of Nanning's GDP, more than 8 percent of Nanning's total. Mineral resources include gold, iron, manganese, aluminum, quartz, silver, indium, coal, marble, and granite. One third of China's different types of mineral resources are found in Nanning.


Industrial zones

*Guilin High-tech Industrial Development Zone *Nanning Economic & Technological Development Area


Transportation


Metro

Nanning Metro system is known for its Nanning Rail Transit (NNRT), expected to comprise a total of nine lines. The first was completed and put into operation in June 2016, the second begin operation in December 2017, while lines 3 and 4 are now under construction. Line 1 connects the East and West of Nanning, linking the financial and political center and the academic and research center of Nanning. Stations of Line 1 from the West to East are: SHIBU - Nanning College for Vacational Technology - PENGFEI LU - XIXIANGTANG Coach Station - Guangxi University for Nationalities - QINGCHUAN - Nanning Zoo - LUBAN LU - Guangxi University - BAICANGLING - Nanning Railway Station - CHAOYANG Square - XINMIN LU - MINZU Square - MACUN - NANHU - JINHU Square - Convention & Exhibition Center - WANXIANGCHENG - ASEAN Business District - FENGLING -!LANGDON Coach Station - BAIHUALING - FOZILING - Nanning East Railway Station.


Air

*


Rail

Nanning has two major railway stations: and . The latter one is newer and also the main destination of high-speed trains. A third, , is set to open in 2023 with the . is a railway junction for the , and . There are also plans to build a to on the Vietnamese border. The goal is to better Pan- and with members of the . At the end of 2013, some high-speed service has been introduced on the and on the railway line that connects Nanning with (as well as its branch to ). Guangxi is also a conjunction of Guangzhou-Guiyang Highspeed Rail.


Highways

* * * * * * * * *


Flora and fauna

Nanning's warm climate gives it a large amount of . There are many species of animals and more than 3,000 species of plants. The city flower is the , an evergreen shrub, and the city tree is the which is regarded as the backbone tree used for greening and landscaping throughout the city.


Geography

Nanning is located in the southern part of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, from the border with . It has an administrative area of . Nanning is situated in a hilly basin with elevations between above sea-level. dominates the southern part of town.


Climate

Nanning has a warm, -influenced ( ''Cwa''), with an annual mean temperature of . Summers are hot and humid with July, the hottest month, having a 24-hour average temperature of . Winters are mild and somewhat damp with January, the coolest month, averaging . From February to August, rain is most frequent and consistently averages above 80 percent; the annual rainfall is . The area is also -free for all but 3 or 4 days a year and snowfall is virtually unheard of in the city, with a single exception since 1900: in December 1975 snow fell on the city albeit without sticking to the ground. Extreme temperatures have ranged from . With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 17 percent in March to 51 percent in September, the city receives 1,585 hours of bright sunshine annually.


Twin towns – sister cities

Nanning is with: * , Madagascar (2015) * , Gambia (1987) * , Indonesia (2008) * , Australia (1998) * , Laos (2010) * , United States (2009) * , Italy (2016) * , Philippines (2007) * , Poland (2011) * , South Korea (2005) * , Vietnam (2006) * , Chile (2008) * , Ukraine (2019) * , Thailand (2002) * , Austria (2002) * , Malawi (2011) * , United States (2000) * , Cambodia (2007) * , France (2008) * , Myanmar (2009)


Demographics

At 2010 census, the total population of Nanning was 6,611,600, among which 2,875,220 were urban residents (after the adjustment of administrative divisions) and 2,480,340 in the built up area made of 5 out of 6 urban districts. Nanning is a city in which Zhuang ethnic group live in compact communities. Thirty-five live in compact communities in Nanning, including people of , , , , , Dong, and Man minorities.


Culture

Nanning is the center of science and technology, education, culture and health in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. There are altogether 54 scientific research institutes subordinate to districts. 10 colleges and 50 trade schools are training specialised personnel of all kinds. Now there are 62 mass cultural organizations, 13 performing groups, 8 cinemas, 285 projecting units, over 70 karaoke halls and over 1000 newsstands. Bookshops and cultural markets can be found everywhere.


Food

Nanning has not only local cuisine but also food from other areas of China and abroad. Traditional food culture can be found around most streets of Nanning. Nanning food shares the style of food and of Southeast Asia. including Guangdong, , and as well as , and cuisines can be found. are very popular among the Nanning people. are the most famous, while other noodle dishes such as and hand made noodles can be found. Laoyou rice noodles (means old friend rice noodles) are made of fry up pepper, sour bamboo shoots, black beans and garlic, then pork, and then soup and rice noodles. The sour-spicy tasting noodles are a very popular and cheap favorite street food for all meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) in Nanning.


Tourism

Nanning is close to scenic , with its world-famous hillscape, northern and western and its minority villages, and the border with in the south. Tourist attractions in Nanning include , with the Zhenning Fort, Mount Qingxiu, Guangxi Medicinal Herb Botanical Garden, and . Other places of interest include Nanhu Park, Shishan Park and Nanning Zoo.


Colleges and universities

* () * () * () *() *() *() * () *() Note: Institutions without full-time bachelor programs are not listed.


See also

*


References


External links


Nanning Government website
{{Authority control 4th-century establishments in China