NAGERCOIL ("Temple of the Nāgas ") is a town in the southernmost
Indian state of
Tamil Nadu and a municipality and administrative
Kanyakumari . The city is situated close to the tip of
the Indian peninsula, locked with the
Western Ghats on all sides. It
was briefly part of the erstwhile
Travancore state, till almost a
decade after India's Independence from Britain in 1947. In 1956, it
was merged with Tamil Nadu.
* 1 Demographics
* 2 Geography
* 2.1 Climate
* 3 Economy
* 4 Architecture
Nagercoil Clock Tower
* 4.2 St. Xavier\'s Church
* 4.3 CSI Home Church
* 5 Politics
* 6 Education
* 7 Culture and traditional cuisine
* 8 Sports
* 9 See also
* 10 References
* 11 External links
According to 2011 census ,
Nagercoil had a population of 224,849 with
a sex-ratio of 1,050 females for every 1,000 males, much above the
national average of 929. A total of 20,241 were under the age of
six, constituting 10,119 males and 10,122 females. Scheduled Castes
and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 4.19% and .17% of the population
respectively. The average literacy of the city was 95.35%. The city
had a total of 59,997 households. There were a total of 76,345
workers, comprising 244 cultivators, 1,155 main agricultural laborers,
2,271 in household industries, 67,050 other workers, 5,625 marginal
workers, 110 marginal cultivators, 361 marginal agricultural laborers,
447 marginal workers in household industries and 4,707 other marginal
As per the religious census of 2011,
Nagercoil had 61.06%
Muslims , 29.94%
Christians , 0.01%
Sikhs , 0.02%
0.02% Jains and 0.06% following other religions or not stating their
CLIMATE CHART (EXPLANATION )
17 30 23
19 31 23
36 33 24
83 33 26
91 33 26
148 31 25
92 31 25
55 31 25
61 31 25
187 31 24
192 30 23
64 29 23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
0.7 85 73
0.7 88 73
1.4 91 76
3.3 91 78
3.6 91 79
5.8 88 77
3.6 87 77
2.2 88 77
2.4 88 76
7.4 87 76
7.6 85 74
2.5 85 73
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Nagercoil with its Scenic Beauty is cradeled between the Western
Ghats Derik mart a popular Super market
Nagercoil is situated in the
Kanyakumari district of the Indian state
Tamil Nadu, which is located on the southernmost tip of
India and is
Tirunelveli on its east and north and by
Kerala on its
west and northwest.One of the best thing about the climate of
Nagercoil is that, it is the only Indian town to receive both the
south-west and north-east monsoons. Summers are quite hot here with
winters being gentle. It receives more rain than other parts of Tamil
Summers are pretty humid and temperature reaches at 34 °C easily at
that time. Summer months start from March and end in May. Monsoon
months are from June till September with an average temperature of
about 25 °C during the same time. Winters start from November and
ends in February with an average temperature of 22 °C. Although,
Nagercoil is located at a distance of only 20 km from Kanyakumari,
temperature difference in the day stands at around 3 -4 degrees
CLIMATE DATA FOR NAGERCOIL
RECORD HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F)
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
RECORD LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
India Meteorological Department
Fish-net manufacturing is a growing business in and around the town;
nets for commercial fishing are supplied to the domestic and export
Cottage industries include coir -making, floral trade,
handloom-weaving, rubber products, food-processing units, and
NAGERCOIL CLOCK TOWER
Nagercoil Clock Tower was built to commemorate the visit of Sri
Moolam Thirunal, then ruler of
Travancore , in 1893, and was designed
by Hogeorf and S. Horesly of
England . The Maharajah himself
inaugurated it on February 15 of that year. The pendulum of the clock
was made in Derbyshire by Smith of Derby Group,
London . The clock is
attached to a 60-foot-long chain with a weight, operated with pulleys
through gravitational force.
The clock in the
Nagercoil Clock Tower was presented to the Maharajah
by the European LMS Missionary, Rev. Duthie. The total cost for
Nagercoil Clock Tower was Rs.3258, 9 Chakrams and 12
Kasu. The Maharajah of
Travancore donated Rs.1017/- and the balance
was donated by the public.
ST. XAVIER\'S CHURCH
St. Xavier\'s Church, Kottar
St. Xavier Church is a
Roman Catholic Latin Rite shrine located at
Kanyakumari district of
Tamil Nadu state,
While Saint Xavier was doing missionary work at Kottar and its
neighbourhood, he averted an invasion of Padagas with the help of his
cross alone and thus protected the people of Venad kingdom from that
attack which was appreciated by the king, Unni
Kerala Varma, who
became closer to the priest and befriended him from then on. In
recognition of Xavier's services, the king allotted him a piece of
land to construct a Catholic church, as a gesture of goodwill, as per
the church records. There was already a small church, in the same
place where St.Xavier's church stands at present, dedicated to Mary
the Mother of God, since AD 1544.Church records indicate that
St.Xavier Church was built in 1600. In 1865, the Shrine of Mary was
renovated and enlarged. In 1930, the church was raised to the status
of a cathedral.
CSI HOME CHURCH
CSI Home Church, Nagercoil is one of the largest and oldest churches
in Asia. It is having a rich history of close to 200 years. It was
the first Major church in the state of Travancore. It was built in the
year 1819 under the supervision of Rev.
William Tobias Ringeltaube
William Tobias Ringeltaube , a
Prussian who had come to
Nagercoil via Madras, and Rev Charles Mead.
The land on which the church was built was donated by the then British
Travancore Resident, General
John Munro, 9th of Teaninich , who had
acted as a catalyst between the Missionary and the government of
Madras and the Kingdom of Travancore. This helped in theological
education for about two centuries. The church hosted the wedding of
Robert Caldwell , one of the best known linguistics scholars in
the world in the year 1830. The building's imposing Greek style is 140
ft long and 70 ft wide. This is one of the oldest and biggest of the
Protestant churches in South India.
SAJJANSINGH R. CHAVAN
Superintendent of Police
Marshal Nesamony , one of the leading lawyers of the
was elected as the Chairman of the
Nagercoil Municipal Council in
1943. He enlarged the town boundary, improved water supply system for
the town, established a home for the destitutes and increased the
income of the
Nagercoil Municipality. In the same year, he was elected
Travancore State Assembly and was also nominated to the Senate
of the then
Travancore University (today's
Kerala University ). Later
K. Kamaraj , the former chief minister of Tamil Nadu, won from
Kanyakumari constituency without even canvassing. This happens to be
the strongest support base for the
Indian National Congress
Indian National Congress in South
India and is Nicknamed "The Fort of Congress". The
Sabha constituency) is perhaps the only Constituency in
Tamil nadu do
not have elected an
Dravidian parties in the states History. However,
in the past decade, this constituency has been electing either BJP or
Communist party. 2014 Elections saw support for BJP in this
Pon Radhakrishnan was elected to the center, in spite
of strong stiff competition and massive influence of the congress
Subi the social activist, national sportsman and leader of The Future
India Party, a youth based political party representing young people
in India, is from Nagercoil. He is also the founder of the World Youth
Organization (India)World Youth Organization a non-profit
organization for youth welfare primarily concerne on youth affairs.
A.K. Chellaiya , was a politician and MLA of
Colachel constituency on
1952. He resigned his post for merging
Kanyakumari with Tamilnad. A.
Samraj , was a politician and MLA of
Thovalai constituency on 1952. He
resigned his post for merging
Kanyakumari with Tamil Nadu.
Tamil is the official language in
Nagercoil and is spoken by the
majority of the population here. Tamil along with English is used as a
medium of teaching in all major schools. There are many schools and
Nagercoil that are more than 150 years old like Scott
Christian College (est 1809 as a village-church school and later in
1893 as a college ),
Scott Christian Higher Secondary School (est
Carmel Higher Secondary School (est 1920 ), DVD Higher
Secondary School (est 1933 ), as well as a more recent South
Travancore Hindu College (est 1952 ), Excel group of Schools. Sethu
Lakshmi Bai Higher Secondary School, is situated in the heart of town.
It was established under the supervision of the Travancore
administrators and named after a
Sethu Lakshmi Bayi , the Queen of
Travancore between 1924 and 1931. Another school which was named after
Travancore ruler is Sri Moolam Thirunal Rama Varma Higher Secondary
School. Educational institutions include privately funded engineering
colleges, the state-run
Kanyakumari Government Medical College (at
Asaripallam near Nagercoil), and many polytechnic colleges and arts
and science colleges. As in neighbouring Kerala, women's education and
career-development are given importance.
European missionaries, in the, 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries
played a major role in imparting education to the people of the town
and district. As a result, the town enjoyed a good social progress
compared to the rest of the country, as indicated by a more normal
male female sex ratio of 1045 females per 1000 males compared to the
national average of 940 females and state average of 996 females per
1000 males. Literacy rate is also high at 94.99% compared to the
national average of 74.04% and state average of 80.09%.
CULTURE AND TRADITIONAL CUISINE
Diwali is the most celebrated festival followed by pongal. Christmas
is also celebrated in
Nagercoil as the town has a higher percentage of
Onam is another festival widely celebrated among the
Malayalam -speaking population by drawing the `atha poo' (flower
decoration) in the floor,
Nagercoil has the distinction of housing one of the two Sports
India Centers in the state, the other being in
There are plans to make the city hub for sports in
South india by
Kochi Center with Headquarters in
CSI Home Church, Nagercoil
Mela Raman Puthoor
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