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Leonard Krog
Leonard Krog
(BC NDP) Michelle Stilwell
Michelle Stilwell
(BC Liberals) Doug Routley
Doug Routley
(BC NDP)

Area

 • City 91.30 km2 (35.25 sq mi)

 • Metro 1,280.84 km2 (494.54 sq mi)

Elevation 28 m (92 ft)

Population (2016)

 • City 90,504 (ranked 62nd)

 • Density 918.0/km2 (2,378/sq mi)

 • Urban 88,799[2]

 • Metro 104,936 (ranked 35th)

 • Metro density 76.5/km2 (198/sq mi)

Time zone PST (UTC−8)

 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC−7)

Forward sortation area V9R - V9V, V9X

Area code(s) +1-250

Website www.nanaimo.ca

Nanaimo
Nanaimo
/nəˈnaɪmoʊ/ ( Canada 2016 Census
Canada 2016 Census
population 90,504) is a city on the east coast of Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island
in British Columbia, Canada. It is known as "The Harbour City". The city was previously known as the "Hub City", which has been attributed to its original layout design where the streets radiated out from the shoreline like the spokes of a wagon wheel, as well as its generally centralized location on Vancouver
Vancouver
Island.[3][4] Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is also the headquarters of the Regional District of Nanaimo.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Chinatowns

2 Location and geography

2.1 Climate

3 Transportation 4 Demographics 5 Economy 6 Media outlets 7 Politics

7.1 Federal 7.2 Provincial 7.3 Civic 7.4 Open government

8 Education 9 Arts 10 Culture 11 Sports 12 Notable residents 13 Sister cities 14 See also 15 References 16 External links

History[edit] See also: List of coal mines and landmarks in the Nanaimo
Nanaimo
area The Indigenous peoples
Indigenous peoples
of the area that is now known as Nanaimo
Nanaimo
are the Snuneymuxw. An anglicised spelling and pronunciation of that word gave the city its current name. The first Europeans to find Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Bay were those of the 1791 Spanish voyage of Juan Carrasco, under the command of Francisco de Eliza. They gave it the name Bocas de Winthuysen.[4] Nanaimo
Nanaimo
began as a trading post in the early 19th century. In 1849, the Snuneymuxw
Snuneymuxw
chief Ki-et-sa-kun ("Coal Tyee") informed the Hudson's Bay Company of coal in the area. Exploration proved there was plenty of it in the area and Nanaimo
Nanaimo
became chiefly known for the export of coal. In 1853 the company built the Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Bastion, which has been preserved and is a popular tourist destination in the downtown area.

Indigenous Nanaimo
Nanaimo
people

Hudson's Bay Company
Hudson's Bay Company
employee Robert Dunsmuir
Robert Dunsmuir
helped establish coal mines in the Nanaimo
Nanaimo
harbour area and later mined in Nanaimo
Nanaimo
as one of the first independent miners. In 1869 Dunsmuir discovered coal several miles North of Nanaimo
Nanaimo
at Wellington, and subsequently created the company Dunsmuir and Diggle Ltd so he could acquire crown land and finance the startup of what became the Wellington Colliery. With the success of Dunsmuir and Diggle and the Wellington Colliery, Dunsmuir expanded his operations to include steam railways. Dunsmuir sold Wellington Coal through its Departure Bay docks, while competing Nanaimo
Nanaimo
coal was sold by the London-based Vancouver
Vancouver
Coal Company through the Nanaimo
Nanaimo
docks.[citation needed] The gassy qualities of the coal which made it valuable also made it dangerous. The 1887 Nanaimo Mine Explosion
1887 Nanaimo Mine Explosion
killed 150 miners and was described as the largest man-made explosion[citation needed] until the Halifax Explosion. Another 100 men died in another explosion the next year. An Internment camp
Internment camp
for Ukrainian detainees, many of them local, was set up at a Provincial jail in Nanaimo
Nanaimo
from September 1914 to September 1915.[5] In the 1940s, lumber supplanted coal as the main business although Minetown Days are still celebrated in the neighbouring community of Lantzville.[6] The city has been called "The Harbour City" since the lead up to Expo 86.[7] Chinatowns[edit] Main article: Historical Chinatowns in Nanaimo Nanaimo
Nanaimo
has had a succession of four distinct Chinatowns. The first, founded during the gold rush years of the 1860s, was the third largest in British Columbia.[8] In 1884, because of mounting racial tensions related to the Dunsmuir coal company's hiring of Chinese strikebreakers, the company helped move Chinatown to a location outside city limits.[9] In 1908, when two Chinese entrepreneurs bought the site and tried to raise rents, in response, and with the help of 4,000 shareholders from across Canada, the community combined forces and bought the site for the third Chinatown at a new location, focused on Pine Street. That third Chinatown, by then mostly derelict, burned down on 30 September 1960. A fourth Chinatown, also called Lower Chinatown or "new town", boomed for a while in the 1920s on Machleary Street.[8] Location and geography[edit]

Aerial photo of downtown and central Nanaimo
Nanaimo
and adjacent islands.

Located on the east coast of Vancouver
Vancouver
Island, Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is about 110 km northwest of Victoria, and 55 km west of Vancouver, separated by the Strait of Georgia, and linked to Vancouver
Vancouver
via the Horseshoe Bay BC Ferries
BC Ferries
terminal in West Vancouver. As the site of the main ferry terminal, Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is the gateway to many other destinations both on the northern part of the island—Tofino, Comox Valley, Parksville, Campbell River, Port Alberni, Rathtrevor Beach Provincial Park—and off its coast—Newcastle Island, Protection Island, Gabriola Island, Valdes Island, and many other of the Gulf Islands. Buttertubs Marsh is a bird sanctuary located in the middle of the city. The marsh covers approximately 100 acres (40 hectares). Within this is the 46 acre (18.7 hectare) " Buttertubs Marsh Conservation Area", owned by the Nature Trust of British Columbia. Climate[edit] Like much of coastal British Columbia, Nanaimo
Nanaimo
experiences a temperate climate with mild, rainy winters and cool, dry summers. Due to its relatively dry summers, the Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
places it at the northernmost limits of the Csb or cool-summer Mediterranean zone.[10] Other climate classification systems, such as Trewartha, place it firmly in the Oceanic zone (Do).[11] Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is usually shielded from the Aleutian Low’s influence by the mountains of central Vancouver
Vancouver
Island, so that summers are unusually dry for its latitude and location—though summer drying as a trend is found in the immediate lee of the coastal ranges as far north as Skagway, Alaska. Heavy snowfall does occasionally occur during winter, with a record daily total of 0.74 metres (29.13 in) on 12 February 1975, but the mean maximum cover is only 0.2 metres (7.9 in). The highest temperature ever recorded in Nanaimo
Nanaimo
was 40.6 °C (105 °F) on 16 July 1941.[12] The coldest temperature ever recorded was −20.0 °C (−4 °F) on 30 December 1968.[13]

Climate data for Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Airport, 1981–2010 normals, extremes 1892–present[a]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 15.6 (60.1) 18.3 (64.9) 21.7 (71.1) 27.0 (80.6) 34.3 (93.7) 34.5 (94.1) 40.6 (105.1) 36.7 (98.1) 33.2 (91.8) 29.3 (84.7) 19.4 (66.9) 18.2 (64.8) 40.6 (105.1)

Average high °C (°F) 6.9 (44.4) 8.5 (47.3) 11.0 (51.8) 14.1 (57.4) 17.7 (63.9) 20.8 (69.4) 23.9 (75) 24.3 (75.7) 20.9 (69.6) 14.6 (58.3) 9.3 (48.7) 6.3 (43.3) 14.8 (58.6)

Daily mean °C (°F) 3.5 (38.3) 4.3 (39.7) 6.3 (43.3) 9.0 (48.2) 12.5 (54.5) 15.6 (60.1) 18.1 (64.6) 18.2 (64.8) 14.9 (58.8) 9.9 (49.8) 5.6 (42.1) 3.1 (37.6) 10.1 (50.2)

Average low °C (°F) 0.1 (32.2) 0.0 (32) 1.7 (35.1) 3.9 (39) 7.2 (45) 10.3 (50.5) 12.3 (54.1) 12.1 (53.8) 8.9 (48) 5.2 (41.4) 1.8 (35.2) −0.2 (31.6) 5.3 (41.5)

Record low °C (°F) −18.3 (−0.9) −17.2 (1) −12.2 (10) −5 (23) −4.4 (24.1) 0.6 (33.1) 2.8 (37) 3.3 (37.9) −1.1 (30) −6.7 (19.9) −16.1 (3) −20 (−4) −20 (−4)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 187.9 (7.398) 126.0 (4.961) 113.0 (4.449) 67.4 (2.654) 54.3 (2.138) 43.4 (1.709) 25.4 (1) 28.4 (1.118) 35.8 (1.409) 102.2 (4.024) 197.2 (7.764) 184.3 (7.256) 1,165.4 (45.882)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 167.8 (6.606) 115.2 (4.535) 106.9 (4.209) 67.2 (2.646) 54.2 (2.134) 43.4 (1.709) 25.4 (1) 28.4 (1.118) 35.8 (1.409) 101.2 (3.984) 186.5 (7.343) 166.1 (6.539) 1,098.2 (43.236)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 21.0 (8.27) 10.9 (4.29) 6.2 (2.44) 0.2 (0.08) 0.1 (0.04) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 0.0 (0) 1.2 (0.47) 10.7 (4.21) 18.4 (7.24) 68.7 (27.05)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 19.7 16.0 18.2 15.6 14.8 12.4 7.6 6.8 8.2 15.5 20.5 20.4 175.6

Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 18.0 14.9 17.8 15.6 14.8 12.4 7.6 6.8 8.2 15.4 19.8 18.8 170.0

Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 3.1 2.3 1.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 1.2 3.2 11.0

Average relative humidity (%) (at 3pm) 81.5 71.1 65.5 59.6 57.8 57.0 52.7 52.1 56.2 68.5 78.4 83.2 65.3

Mean monthly sunshine hours 56.8 88.6 133.1 179.0 224.4 226.1 288.8 280.0 213.9 131.9 67.0 50.8 1,940.2

Percent possible sunshine 21.0 31.0 36.2 43.6 47.4 46.7 59.1 62.8 56.4 39.3 24.3 19.7 40.6

Source: Environment Canada[12][13][14][15][16]

Transportation[edit] Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is served by three airports: Nanaimo Airport
Nanaimo Airport
(YCD) with services to Vancouver
Vancouver
(YVR) and Calgary (YYC), Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Harbour Water Airport with services to Vancouver
Vancouver
harbour and Vancouver
Vancouver
Airport (YVR South Terminal), and Nanaimo/Long Lake Water Airport. Nanaimo
Nanaimo
also has three BC Ferry
BC Ferry
terminals located at Departure Bay, Duke Point, and downtown. The downtown terminal services Gabriola Island
Gabriola Island
while Departure Bay and Duke Point service Horseshoe Bay and Tsawwassen respectively. Highways 1, 19 and 19A traverse the city. Bus service in the city is provided by Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Regional Transit. The Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Port Authority operates the inner Harbour Basin marina providing mooring for smaller vessels and the W. E. Mills Landing and Marina providing mooring for larger vessels.[17] The Port Authority also operates two terminal facilities one at Assembly Wharf (near the downtown core) and the second at Duke Point for cargo operations. In 2011 the Authority completed the addition of a $22 Million Cruise Ship Terminal at Assembly Wharf capable of handling large cruise ships including providing Canada
Canada
Border Services Agency clearance.[18] Demographics[edit] The 2011 Canadian Census reported that Nanaimo
Nanaimo
had a population of 83,810, a 6.5% increase since 2006.[19] The size of the city's land area is 91.30 km², making the population density 918.0 people per km². The average age of a Nanaimoite is 44.8 years old, higher than the national median at 40.6. The average number of people occupying one dwelling in the city is 2.3 people. In Nanaimo, there are 38,800 private dwellings, 36,204 which are occupied by usual residents (93.3% occupancy rate). The median value of these dwellings are $348,460, which is a fair-bit higher than the national median at $280,552. The average (after-tax) household income in Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is $48,469, slightly lower than the national median at $54,089. The median individual income is $27,620, which is also a bit lower than the national median ($29,878). The unemployment rate was 9.2%. The racial composition of Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is mostly made up of descendants of Europeans, however the Aboriginal population ratio is larger than the national ratio. The entire racial make up is:

86.4% European 6.3% Aboriginal; 3.8% First Nations, 2.2% Métis 2.7% East Asian; 1.8% Chinese, 0.5% Japanese, 0.4% Korean 1.9% South Asian 1.3% Southeast Asian; 0.6% Filipino 0.5% Black 0.3% Latin American 0.2% West Asian 0.1% Arab 0.2% Multiracial; 2.3% including Métis 0.2% Other

More than half of Nanaimo's residents do not practice any religion (51.7%), considerably higher than the national ratio (23.9%). However, for those who do participate in religions, most are of a Christian faith (44.7%), but there are still sizable Sikh communities (1.1%) and Buddhist communities (0.6%). Nanaimo's population is predominately Anglophone. According to the 2011 Census 88.6% of the population reported English only as mother tongue, 1.4% reported French only, and 9.1% reported only a non-official language.[20] Economy[edit]

Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Waterfront

The original economic driver was coal mining; however, the forestry industry supplanted it in the early 1960s with the building of the MacMillan Bloedel
MacMillan Bloedel
pulp mill at Harmac in 1958, named after Harvey MacMillan. Today the pulp mill is owned by the employees and local investors[21] and injects well over half a million dollars a day into the local economy.[citation needed] The largest employer is the provincial government. The service, retail and tourism industries are also big contributors to the local economy. Technological development on Nanaimo
Nanaimo
have been growing with companies such as "Inuktun" and the establishment of government-funded Innovation Island as a site to help Nanaimo-based technological start ups by giving them access to tools, education and venture capital.[22] The average sale price of houses in Nanaimo
Nanaimo
for 2011 was approximately $350,000.[23] A recent surge of higher-density real estate development, centred in the Old City/Downtown area, as well as construction of a city-funded waterfront conference centre, has proven controversial. Proponents of these developments argue that they will bolster the city's economy, while critics worry that they will block waterfront views and increase traffic congestion. Concerns have also been raised about the waterfront conference centre's construction running over its proposed budget. The current council is working hard to solve homeless issues, and has established a strong relationship with the provincial government to provide several hundred low-income housing spaces. Nanaimo
Nanaimo
has also been experiencing job growth in the technology sector.[citation needed]

Media outlets[edit]

Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Harbour

Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is served by two newspapers—the Harbour City Star with approximately 37,000 copies once per week, and the Nanaimo
Nanaimo
News Bulletin (33,000 copies twice a week—audited), which is owned by Black Press. On 29 January 2016, its third newspaper, the 141-year old Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Daily News, shut down.[24] Nanaimo
Nanaimo
also hosts a bureau for CIVI-DT
CIVI-DT
( CTV Two
CTV Two
Victoria, cable channel 12) and a satellite office for CHEK-DT
CHEK-DT
(Independent, cable channel 6). Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is also served by the Jim Pattison Group's CHWF-FM
CHWF-FM
(The Wolf) and CKWV-FM
CKWV-FM
(The Wave), as well as CHLY-FM, an independent community campus radio station and Vista Radio's CKAY-FM
CKAY-FM
(Coast FM). CBC Radio One is heard over CBU from Vancouver, providing Nanaimo
Nanaimo
with local programming from Vancouver
Vancouver
instead of from Victoria. Politics[edit] Federal[edit] In the House of Commons of Canada, Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is represented by Sheila Malcolmson of the New Democratic Party, representing the riding of Nanaimo—Ladysmith. The city was split into two separate ridings, Nanaimo—Cowichan
Nanaimo—Cowichan
(Jean Crowder, New Democratic Party), which includes South Nanaimo
Nanaimo
and Cassidy, and Nanaimo—Alberni
Nanaimo—Alberni
(James Lunney, Independent elected as a Conservative), which includes North Nanaimo
Nanaimo
and Lantzville, until the 2012 federal electoral redistribution. Provincial[edit] In the Legislative Assembly of British Columbia, Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is represented by the ridings of Nanaimo
Nanaimo
(Leonard Krog, British Columbia New Democratic Party), Nanaimo- North Cowichan
North Cowichan
(Doug Routley, British Columbia New Democratic Party), and Nanaimo-Parksville (Michelle Stilwell, British Columbia
British Columbia
Liberal Party) Civic[edit] Main article: Nanaimo
Nanaimo
City Council The mayor of Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is currently Bill McKay, who replaced John Ruttan in 2014. The most well-known mayor Nanaimo
Nanaimo
ever had was Frank J. Ney, who instigated Nanaimo's well-known bathtub races, which he regularly attended dressed as a pirate. There is a statue to commemorate Ney—dressed in his pirate costume—at Swy-a-Lana Lagoon, which is on the Nanaimo
Nanaimo
waterfront. Ney was also an MLA for the Social Credit party while he was also mayor.[25] An elementary school has been named in his honour. Mark Bate became Nanaimo's first mayor in 1875. He served an additional 15 1-year terms as mayor (1875–1879, 1881–1886, 1888–1889, and 1898–1900).[26] Open government[edit] The city's planning department has, over the past five years,[when?] steadily produced enough municipal data to warrant a Time magazine article on open-government. Nanaimo
Nanaimo
has been dubbed "the capital of Google
Google
Earth".[27] Working directly with Google, the city fed it a wealth of information about its buildings, property lines, utilities and streets. The result is earth.nanaimo.ca, a wealth of city data viewed through the Google
Google
Earth 3D mapping program.[28] Their Open Data Catalogue is available at data.nanaimo.ca.[29] Education[edit] Nanaimo
Nanaimo
has over 30 elementary and secondary schools, most of which are public and are operated by School District 68 Nanaimo-Ladysmith. Aspengrove School
Aspengrove School
is a JrK-grade 12 Independent (private) school accredited as an International Baccalaureate World School and offers the IB Primary Years, IB Middle Years and IB Diploma programme and received a 10 out of 10 by the IB Organization (IBO) in 2011. The Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique operates two Francophone schools, école Océane primary school and the école secondaire de Nanaimo.[30] The main campus of Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island
University is located in Nanaimo, which brings many international students, mostly East Asian, to the city. Arts[edit] The Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Art Gallery is a public art museum located downtown at 150 Commercial Street. In addition to contemporary exhibitions by local, national and international artists, the Gallery operates Art Lab which offers year-round art-based programs for learners of all ages. The Gallery also holds a collection of artwork, operates The Gallery Store, which features work by local artists and artisans, and runs Artists in the Schools, a program that operates across three school districts.[31] The Port Theatre in downtown Nanaimo
Nanaimo
hosts many performers and shows during the year.[32][33] Smaller, local theatre companies such as In Other Words Theatre [1], Western Edge Theatre [2] and Schmooze Productions [3] perform at the Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Centre Stage [4]. Nanaimo
Nanaimo
also began running a fringe theatre festival in 2011 [5]. A huge component of the underground music scene in Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is from the student body of Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island
University. The Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Blues Society has organized and presented five highly successful, Summertime Blues! festivals. These outdoor Blues festivals have been held in downtown Nanaimo
Nanaimo
featuring local, provincial, national and internationally renowned Blues musicians." Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Summertime Blues Festival".  The Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Concert Band, known as the oldest continuous community band in Canada, was established in 1872. They maintain a regular schedule of concerts and feature some of the best musicians in the area. " Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Concert Band".  The Music Department at Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island
University offers a Bachelor of Music in Jazz Studies. Faculty members include guitarist Pat Coleman, and composer Pat Carpenter. " Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island
University Jazz Programme".  The Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Conservatory of Music, a non-profit, charitable organization has been offering classical music lessons and producing concerts since 1977. " Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Conservatory of Music".  Other prominent musicians in Nanaimo
Nanaimo
include classical trumpeter Paul Rathke and jazz composer and author Andrew Homzy. Culture[edit] The Nanaimo
Nanaimo
bar, which is a no-bake cookie bar with custard filling, is a Canadian dessert named after Nanaimo. Nanaimo
Nanaimo
hosts the annual Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Marine Festival. Part of the festival includes the bathtub race. The race starts in the Nanaimo
Nanaimo
harbour downtown, goes around Entrance Island, north west to Winchelsea Islands by Nanoose Bay
Nanoose Bay
and finish in Departure Bay back in Nanaimo. Until the 1990s the race alternated between racing from Nanaimo
Nanaimo
to Vancouver
Vancouver
and from Vancouver
Vancouver
to Nanaimo.[34] Sports[edit]

Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is home to the largest sports club on Vancouver
Vancouver
Island, Harbour City Football Club. HCFC is home to over 1700 members and is also affiliated with Nanaimo
Nanaimo
United Adult Soccer Club which is one of the oldest sports clubs in Canada
Canada
(formed in 1907). Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is home to North America’s first legal, purpose-made bungee jumping bridge, operated by WildPlay Element Parks.[35][36] Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is home to the Canadian Junior Football League's Vancouver Island Raiders, who play at Caledonia Park. Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is home to the British Columbia
British Columbia
Hockey League's Nanaimo Clippers and to the Western Lacrosse Association's Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Timbermen, both of which play at the Frank Crane Arena. Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is home to the Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Buccaneers of the Vancouver
Vancouver
Island Junior Hockey League, who play at the Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Ice Centre. The Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Pirates, of the B.C. Premier Baseball League
B.C. Premier Baseball League
(BCPBL), play at Serauxmen Stadium. Football Nanaimo
Nanaimo
plays at Pioneer Park. Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is home to the Senior A lacrosse team the Timbermen of the Western Lacrosse Association. Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is also home to the Junior A Timbermen and the Intermediate A Timbermen. Nanaimo
Nanaimo
is home to the Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Hornets Rugby Football Club. Is part of the British Columbia
British Columbia
Rugby Union, Established in 1888 is the second oldest Rugby Club in Western Canada, Home ground and club is situated in Pioneer Park since 1968.[37]

Notable residents[edit]

Terry Beech, politician Alfred George Richard "Red" Carr, father of Gene Carr, who played 8 seasons of senior hockey before he played NHL Hockey in 1943 for the Toronto Maple Leafs. When he retired, he coached hockey for the Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island
Amateur League and was posthumously inducted into the Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Sports Hall of Fame in 2010 Gene Carr, NHL Hockey Player drafted by St. Louis Blues
St. Louis Blues
(1st round, 4th overall of the 1971 NHL Amateur draft), New York Rangers, L.A. Kings, Pittsburgh Penguins
Pittsburgh Penguins
and Atlanta Flames Justin Chatwin, actor Jimmy Claxton, baseball pitcher, born in nearby Wellington, who broke the US baseball colour line Raymond Collishaw, one of the highest scoring British Aces of World War I, ranking overall third in the British Empire with 60 confirmed kills Allison Crowe, singer-songwriter and pianist John DeSantis, actor, best known for his role of Lurch on The New Addams Family Jodelle Ferland, actress David Gogo, blues guitarist Paul Gogo, keyboardist for the rock band Trooper Ashleigh Harrington, actress Christopher Hart, actor and magician, best known for his role of the disembodied hand Thing in The Addams Family
The Addams Family
film series Ingrid Jensen, jazz trumpeter Susan Juby, author Diana Krall, jazz pianist and vocalist Tim Lander, poet Susan Morgan, Oregon
Oregon
politician, was born here Steve Smith, professional downhill mountain biker Shane Sutcliffe, boxer Kirsten Sweetland, triathlete

Sister cities[edit] Nanaimo
Nanaimo
has one sister city:

Saitama City(←Iwatsuki City), Saitama Prefecture, Japan
Japan
(1996)[38]

See also[edit]

British Columbia
British Columbia
portal

References[edit]

^ " Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Municipal Hall". City of Nanaimo. Retrieved 2009-04-04.  ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and population centres, 2011 and 2006 censuses: British Columbia". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 31 August 2017.  ^ Peterson, Jan (2003). Hub City: Nanaimo, 1886–1920. Surrey, BC: Heritage House Publishing Company. ISBN 9781894384667. Retrieved September 2, 2017. [page needed] ^ a b "Nanaimo's Historical Development" (PDF). Retrieved 18 October 2016.  ^ "Internment Camps in Canada
Canada
during the First and Second World Wars, Library and Archives Canada".  ^ Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Info – History ^ https://www.nanaimobulletin.com/news/mayor-recognizes-25-years-of-harbour-city/ ^ a b "Introduction" (Archive). Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Chinatowns Project, Malaspina University-College. Retrieved on 15 February 2015. ^ "Chinese Community" (Archive). Vancouver Island
Vancouver Island
University. Retrieved on 15 February 2015. ^ Kottek, M.; J. Grieser; C. Beck; B. Rudolf; F. Rubel (2006). "World Map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification updated". Meteorol. Z. 15 (3): 259–263. doi:10.1127/0941-2948/2006/0130. Retrieved 2007-02-15.  ^ "GLOBAL ECOLOGICAL ZONING FOR THE GLOBAL FOREST RESOURCES ASSESSMENT 2000". fao.org.  ^ a b "July 1941". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 24 June 2016.  ^ a b " Nanaimo
Nanaimo
A". Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Retrieved 14 May 2014.  ^ "January 1893". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 24 June 2016.  ^ "February 1893". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 24 June 2016.  ^ "April 2016". Canadian Climate Data. Environment Canada. Retrieved 24 June 2016.  ^ " Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Port Authority". Retrieved 2013-04-27.  ^ " Nanaimo
Nanaimo
cruise ship terminal nearing completion Vancouver
Vancouver
Sun". Retrieved 2013-04-27.  ^ NHS Profile, Nanaimo, CY, British Columbia, 2011 Retrieved 6 December 2013 ^ Statistics Canada. "Focus on Geography Series, 2011 Census: Census agglomeration of Nanaimo, British Columbia". Retrieved 20 November 2015.  ^ "Harmac". harmacpacific.com.  ^ "Innovation Island - Business, Science & Technology Resources, Vancouver
Vancouver
Island". innovationisland.ca.  ^ " Nanaimo
Nanaimo
real estate profile. - Move To Nanaimo". movetonanaimo.com.  ^ " Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Daily News to cease operations Jan. 29". Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Daily News. Retrieved 3 June 2016.  ^ " Frank J. Ney
Frank J. Ney
Fonds". Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Archives. Retrieved 9 March 2018.  ^ Past Mayors of Nanaimo ^ Shaw, Rob (2008-03-10). "Postcard from Nanaimo: How Google
Google
Earth Ate Our Town". Time. Retrieved 2009-08-27.  ^ earth.nanaimo.ca ^ data.nanaimo.ca ^ "Carte des écoles". Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britanique. Retrieved on 22 January 2015. ^ " Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Art Gallery—Home". Retrieved 2010-10-26.  ^ "The Port Theater—Index". Retrieved 2010-10-26.  ^ " Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Arts Council". Retrieved 2010-10-26.  ^ The Race - Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Marine Festival ^ "Ziplining & Bungee Jumping". hellobc.com. 5 May 2013.  ^ "First Legal Bridge Bungy in North America - Wild Play Element Parks Nanaimo, Nanaimo
Nanaimo
Traveller Reviews - TripAdvisor". tripadvisor.ca.  ^ http://www.nanaimohornetsrugby.com ^ http://www.saga-saitama.or.jp/english/sister_cities/index.php

^ Extreme high and low temperatures are from Nanaimo
Nanaimo
(January 1892 to February 1947) and Nanaimo Airport
Nanaimo Airport
(March 1947 to present).

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nanaimo, British Columbia.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nanaimo.

Nanaimo
Nanaimo
homepage Learn About Nanaimo's Heritage Google
Google
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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 122644910 GND: 4527935-4

Coordinates: 49°09′51″N 123°56′11″W / 49.16417°N 123.93639°W / 49

.