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Namibe
Namibe
(name given between 1985 and 2016 to Moçâmedes) is the capital city of Namibe Province
Namibe Province
in modern-day Angola. It is a coastal desert city located in southwestern Angola
Angola
and was founded in 1840 by the Portuguese colonial administration. The city's current population is 132,900 (2004 estimate). Namibe
Namibe
has a cool dry climate and desert vegetation, due to its proximity to the Namib Desert. The name Moçâmedes was changed to Namibe
Namibe
in 1985.

Contents

1 History 2 Climate 3 Religion 4 Transport

4.1 Rail 4.2 Sea 4.3 Air

5 Sports 6 Bibliography 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Moçâmedes was officially founded in 1840 by the Portuguese colonial administration on a bay that the Portuguese originally called Angra do Negro by order of Portuguese prime minister Count of Bonfim, who was also head of the Colonial Department.[1] The area was first explored by the Portuguese in 1785 and claimed for Portugal by Luís Cândido Cordeiro Pinheiro Furtado, who had been sent there in the frigate Loanda by the then governor-general of Angola, Baron Moçâmedes, who also sent an overland expedition headed by Gregório José Mendes to rendezvous with Furtado. It was they who renamed the bay Moçâmedes in honour of the baron. In 1839 the then governor-general of Angola, Admiral Noronha, sent a fresh expedition to subdue the local chiefs and make them vassals of Portugal. In 1840 a factory was established and in July of the same year a fort was built at Ponta Negra. The area was colonized mainly by Portuguese settlers from Madeira
Madeira
and Brazil; in the 1850s the Portuguese government also gave sea passage and financial assistance to a large number of German colonists.[2] The village grew as a fishing port and by the 1960s it had 143 fishing boats and several fish processing factories. The port soon ranked alongside other important fishing ports such as Luanda, Benguela
Benguela
and Lobito. About 200 km from the city of Namibe
Namibe
the Portuguese authorities founded the Iona National Park, Angola's oldest and largest national park, proclaimed as a reserve in 1937 and upgraded to a national park covering 15,150 km² in 1964. During 1966-67 a major iron ore terminal was built at Saco, the bay just 12 km North of Moçâmedes, to serve the iron ore mine inland at Cassinga. Construction of the mine installations and a 300 km railway were commissioned to Krupp
Krupp
of Germany and the modern harbour terminal to SETH, a Portuguese company owned by Højgaard & Schultz of Denmark. Within one year the first 250,000 ton ore carrier docked and loaded with ore in 1967.[3][4] Climate[edit]

Climate data for Namibe

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 34.8 (94.6) 34.2 (93.6) 37.4 (99.3) 38.9 (102) 40.3 (104.5) 38.5 (101.3) 36.7 (98.1) 27.3 (81.1) 30.0 (86) 30.0 (86) 33.7 (92.7) 31.7 (89.1) 40.3 (104.5)

Average high °C (°F) 27.0 (80.6) 28.0 (82.4) 28.9 (84) 27.9 (82.2) 25.8 (78.4) 22.4 (72.3) 20.6 (69.1) 20.9 (69.6) 22.4 (72.3) 23.6 (74.5) 25.3 (77.5) 25.9 (78.6) 24.9 (76.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) 23.0 (73.4) 24.7 (76.5) 25.6 (78.1) 24.2 (75.6) 21.1 (70) 18.3 (64.9) 17.4 (63.3) 17.9 (64.2) 19.2 (66.6) 20.4 (68.7) 21.9 (71.4) 22.5 (72.5) 21.4 (70.5)

Average low °C (°F) 19.1 (66.4) 19.8 (67.6) 20.7 (69.3) 18.7 (65.7) 14.7 (58.5) 12.8 (55) 13.0 (55.4) 13.8 (56.8) 14.9 (58.8) 15.9 (60.6) 17.1 (62.8) 17.7 (63.9) 16.5 (61.7)

Record low °C (°F) 13.0 (55.4) 12.1 (53.8) 12.6 (54.7) 10.2 (50.4) 7.4 (45.3) 4.5 (40.1) 6.5 (43.7) 5.2 (41.4) 7.2 (45) 8.2 (46.8) 10.5 (50.9) 11.2 (52.2) 4.5 (40.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 7.2 (0.283) 10.0 (0.394) 17.1 (0.673) 9.7 (0.382) 0.1 (0.004) 0.1 (0.004) 0.2 (0.008) 0.2 (0.008) 0.3 (0.012) 1.1 (0.043) 2.1 (0.083) 2.9 (0.114) 51.0 (2.008)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 2 2 3 2 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 13

Average relative humidity (%) 80 79 78 79 82 84 84 85 84 83 80 79 81

Mean monthly sunshine hours 210.8 209.1 232.5 231.0 217.0 141.0 105.4 111.6 129.0 155.0 213.0 220.1 2,175.5

Mean daily sunshine hours 6.8 7.4 7.5 7.7 7.0 4.7 3.4 3.6 4.3 5.0 7.1 7.1 6.0

Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst[5]

Religion[edit] The city's Sé Catedral de São Pedro is the cathedral episcopal see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Namibe, which was established in 2009 on territory split from its Metropolitan's Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lubango, to which it is a suffragan. Transport[edit] Rail[edit] Namibe
Namibe
is the terminus of the Moçâmedes Railway. This line was originally 600mm gauge but was converted to 1067mm gauge in the 1950s.[6] Sea[edit] It has one of Angola's three major ports, alongside Luanda
Luanda
and Lobito. Air[edit] Namibe
Namibe
is served by the Namibe Airport
Namibe Airport
located about 7 km to the south of the city. The old Yuri Gagarin
Yuri Gagarin
airport, only about 1.7 km from the city's center, connects the city to the rest of the country. Sports[edit] In 2013, Namibe
Namibe
and the national capital Luanda
Luanda
jointly hosted the 2013 FIRS Men's Roller Hockey World Cup, the first time that a World Cup of roller hockey was held in Africa. Bibliography[edit]

Clarence-Smith, W. G. Slaves, Peasants and Capitalists in Southern Angola
Angola
1840-1926. New York: Cambridge UP, 1979. Clarence-Smith, W. G. "Slavery in Coastal Southern Angola, 1875-1913." Journal of Southern African Studies 2.2 (1976), 214-23.

See also[edit]

Namibe
Namibe
Province

References[edit]

^ Francisco Travassos Valdez, Six Years of a Traveller's Life in Western Africa (London: Hurst & Blackett, 1861), Volume 2, pp.336-338. ^ Francisco Travassos Valdez (1861), Volume 2, pp.346-347. ^ (in Portuguese) Angola
Angola
- Moçâmedes, minha terra, eu te vi crescer... (Raul Ferreira Trindade), history of Moçâmedes/Namibe ^ (in Portuguese) Angola
Angola
de outros tempos Moçamedes, Moçâmedes under Portuguese rule before 1975, youtube.com ^ "Klimatafel von Namibe
Namibe
(Mocamedes), Prov. Namibe
Namibe
/ Angola" (PDF). Baseline climate means (1961-1990) from stations all over the world (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved 6 February 2016.  ^ http://53.1911encyclopedia.org/Angola_%28Portuguese_West_Africa%29[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

GigaCatholic - the Catholic diocese, with episcopal incumbent biographies

v t e

Municipalities of Angola

Bengo Province

Ambriz Bula Atumba Dande Dembos Nambuangongo Pango-Aluquem

Benguela
Benguela
Province

Baía Farta Balombo Benguela Bocoio Caimbambo Catumbela Chongorói Cubal Ganda Lobito

Bié Province

Andulo Cunhinga Chinguar Chitembo Catabola Camacupa Cuemba Kuito Nharea

Cabinda Province

Belize Buco Zau Cabinda Cacongo

Cuando Cubango Province

Calai Cuito Cuanavale Cuangar Cuchi Dirico Longa Mavinga Menongue Nancova Rivungo

Cuanza Norte Province

Ambaca Banga Bolongongo Cazengo Cambambe Golungo Alto Lucala Ngonguembo Quiculungo Samba Cajú

Cuanza Sul Province

Amboim Cassongue Cela (Waku-Kungo) Conda Ebo Libolo Mussende Porto Amboim Quibala Quilenda Seles Sumbe

Cunene Province

Cahama Cuanhama Curoca Cuvelai Namacunde Ombadja

Huambo
Huambo
Province

Bailundo Caála Ekunha Huambo Katchiungo Londuimbali Longonjo Mungo Tchicala Tcholoanga Tchindjenje Ukuma

Huíla Province

Caconda Cacula Caluquembe Chibia Chicomba Chipindo Cuvango Gambos Humpata Jamba Lubango Matala Quielengues Quipungo

Luanda
Luanda
Province

Belas Cacuaco Cazenga Icolo e Bengo Luanda Quiçama Viana

Lunda Norte Province

Capenda-Camulemba Caumbo Caungula Chitato Cuango Cuilo Lubalo Lucapa Xa-Muteba

Lunda Sul Province

Cacolo Dala Muconda Saurimo

Malanje
Malanje
Province

Cacuso Calandula Cambundi-Catembo Caombo Kunda-dia-Base Kiwaba Nzoji Luquembo Malanje Marimba Massango Mucari Quela Quirima

Moxico Province

Alto Zambeze Bundas Camanongue Cameia Léua Luacano Luau Luchazes Luena Moxico

Namibe
Namibe
Province

Bibala Camacuio Namibe Tômbwa Virei

Uíge
Uíge
Province

Alto Cauale Ambuila Bembe Buengas Damba Macocola Mucaba Negage Puri Quimbele Quitexe Sanza Pombo Songo Uíge Zombo

Zaire Province

Cuimba M'banza-Kongo Noqui N'zeto Soyo Tomboco

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 146884320 GND: 4283649-9 BNF:

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