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Jersey (/ˈdʒɜːrzi/, French: [ʒɛʁzɛ], Jèrriais: Jèrri [ʒɛri]), officially the Bailiwick of Jersey (French: Bailliage de Jersey), is a British crown dependency.[1] Historic mentions[edit]

Société Jersiaise: jersiais is the demonym in French from Jersey

The Wace monument in the Royal Square: "Jo di e dirai ke jo sui Wace de l’isle de Gersui" I say and will say that I am Wace from the Island of Jersey

Andium (?) 4th century[2] insula Gersoi 1022/1026.[3] insula Gerseii, var. Gersey, Gersei, Gersoii 1042.[4] Gersus ~1070.[5] insula de Gerzoi 1080/~1082.[6] insula de Gersoi 1066/1083.[7] insula Gersoi 1066/1083.[8] l'isle de Gersui 1160/1174.[9] in Gersoio 1223/1236.[10] Gersuy 1339.[11] Gersui 1339.[12] insula de Jersey 1372.[13] insula de Jereseye 1372.[14] insula de Gersey 1386.[15] insula […] de Jersey 1419.[16] Iarsay [read Jarsay] 1585.[17] Jarsey 1693.[18] Jerzey 1753.[19] Isle de Gersey 1753/1785.[20] Jerry 1829.[21] Ile de Jersey 1854.[22]

Caesarea Dental Clinic, Saint Helier

A member of the Caesarean Cycling Club in Jersey wearing the word Caesarean on his kit

The Channel Islands are mentioned in the Antonine Itinerary as the following: Sarnia, Caesarea, Barsa, Silia and Andium, but Jersey cannot be identified specifically because none corresponds directly to the present names.[23] Furthermore, later records evoke Angia (also spelled Agna ).[24] Andium is a Latinized version of the Gaulish (Celtic) *Andion, with and- the Gaulish intensive prefix meaning "very", "much", "big". Andium roughly translates as "big Island", Jersey being the largest of the Channel Islands. The spelling Angia could be an ultimate development of *Andia. Some others identify it as Caesarea, a late recorded Roman name influenced by the Old English suffix -ey for "island";[25][26] this is plausible if, in the regional pronunciation of Latin, Caesarea was not [kaisarea] but [tʃeːsarea]. Another theory is that the variation of the "J" sound today could be connected with phonetical cousins "g" and "k" (International Phonetic Alphabet) through variable pronunciations based on similar spelling. Theoretically, if Caesarea was originally pronounced with a "k", that may have naturally developed into a "g" sound for locals (or foreigners), making Gersei, Gersoi, or the other spellings relatable. Because "g" is pronounced as both a hard glutteral "g" as in "go" or a soft "j" as in "gym" or "gem", the spelling of Jersey could be a result of the variance in its pronunciation. The name Caesarea has been used as the Latin name for Jersey (also in its French version Césarée) since William Camden's Britannia (published in 1586),[27] and is used in titles of associations and institutions today. The Latin name Caesarea was also applied to the colony of New Jersey as Nova Caesarea.[28][29]

Gazette de Césarée, Jersey newspaper, 1812

Angia could be a misspelling for *Augia, that is the Latinized form of Germanic *aujō (> Old English ī(e)ġ > is-land),[30] that could have extended before the Viking Age along the coast of France, as for île d'Yeu (Augia, Insula Oya) or Oye-Plage (Ogia 7th century) and constitutes the suffix -ey in Jersey, Guernsey (Greneroi), Alderney (Alneroi) and Chausey (Calsoi).[31] Chausey can be compared with Cholsey (GB, Berkshire, Ċeolesiġ 891), interpreted by Eilert Ekwall[32] as "Ċeola 's island". The ending -ey denotes an island.[33] These -ey names could have been reinforced by the Viking heritage, because -ey is similar, so that it is possible to interpret the first part of the toponym as an Old Norse element. The source of it is unclear. Scholars surmise it derives from hjörr (Old Norse for "sword") or jarl (earl), or perhaps a personal name, Geirr ("Geirr's Island").[34] The personal name explanation is accepted by Richard Coates, who also discusses the names of the other Channel Islands.[35] See also[edit]

History of Jersey Norman toponymy -hou

References[edit]

^ "www.gov.je – Welcome to the States of Jersey website". States of Jersey. 2006. Retrieved 15 October 2006.  ^ Antonine Itinerary, 4th century ^ Marie Fauroux, Recueil des actes des ducs de Normandie (911–1066), Mémoire de la Société des Antiquaires de Normandie XXXVI, Caen, 1961, p. 161, § 49. ^ Marie Fauroux, Recueil des actes des ducs de Normandie (911–1066), Mémoire de la Société des Antiquaires de Normandie XXXVI, Caen, 1961, p. 255, § 99. ^ Adrian Room, Dictionary of place names in the British Isles, Bloomsbury, London, 1988, p. 188. ^ Lucien Musset, Les actes de Guillaume le Conquérant et de la Reine Mathilde pour les abbayes caennaises, Mémoires de la société des Antiquaires de Normandie XXXVII, Caen, 1967, p. 84, § 8. ^ Lucien Musset, Les actes de Guillaume le Conquérant et de la Reine Mathilde pour les abbayes caennaises, Mémoires de la société des Antiquaires de Normandie XXXVII, Caen, 1967, p. 94, § 11. ^ Lucien Musset, Les actes de Guillaume le Conquérant et de la Reine Mathilde pour les abbayes caennaises, Mémoires de la société des Antiquaires de Normandie XXXVII, Caen, 1967, p. 97, § 12. ^ Wace, Roman de Rou (1160/1174), édition de Hugo Andersen, Heilbronn, 1877, III, v. 5302, 5305. ^ Julie Fontanel, Le cartulaire du chapitre cathédral de Coutances, Archives départementales de la Manche, Saint-Lô, 2003, p. 411, § 273. ^ Léopold Delisle, Les actes normands de la Chambre des Comptes sous Philippe de Valois (1328–1350), Rouen, Le Brument, 1871, p. 208, § 116. ^ Léopold Delisle, Les actes normands de la Chambre des Comptes sous Philippe de Valois (1328–1350), Rouen, Le Brument, 1871, p. 209, § 117. ^ Rôles Normands et Français et autres pièces tirées des archives de Londres par Bréquigny en 1764, 1765 et 1766, Mémoires de la société des Antiquaires de Normandie XXIII (3e série, 3e volume), 1re partie, Paris, 1858, p. 4b, § 42. ^ Rôles Normands et Français et autres pièces tirées des archives de Londres par Bréquigny en 1764, 1765 et 1766, Mémoires de la société des Antiquaires de Normandie XXIII (3e série, 3e volume), 1re partie, Paris, 1858, p. 4b, § 46. ^ Rôles Normands et Français et autres pièces tirées des archives de Londres par Bréquigny en 1764, 1765 et 1766, Mémoires de la société des Antiquaires de Normandie XXIII (3e série, 3e volume), 1re partie, Paris, 1858, p. 5b, § 61. ^ Rôles Normands et Français et autres pièces tirées des archives de Londres par Bréquigny en 1764, 1765 et 1766, Mémoires de la société des Antiquaires de Normandie XXIII (3e série, 3e volume), 1re partie, Paris, 1858, p. 72a, § 393. ^ Gerard Mercator (1512–1594), Britannia et Normandia cum confinibus regionibus, Duisbourg, 1585 [NBF, Collection d'Anville, cote 00456 bis]. ^ Greenville Collins, Chart of the channell, Manche, 1693 [BNF, Collection d'Anville, cote 00757]. ^ Herman van Loon, D2.me [= Deuxième] carte particuliere des costes de Normandie contenant les costes du Cotentin depuis la Pointe de la Percée Jusqu'a Granville ou sont Comprises les Isles de Jersey, Grenezey, Cers, et Aurigny, avec les Isles de Brehat. Comme elles paroissent a basse Mer dans les grandes marées, Atlas Van Keulen, Amsterdam, 1753 [BN] ^ Cassini's map. ^ La Gazette de l'Île de Jersey. 24 January 1829.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ V. Lavasseur, Atlas National Illustré des 86 départements et des possessions de la France, A. Combette éditeur, Paris, 1854. ^ Dominique Fournier, Wikimanche. ^ "History of stamps". Jersey Post. Archived from the original on 8 May 2006. Retrieved 6 October 2006.  ^ Harper, Douglas (November 2001). "Online Etymological Dictionary". Retrieved 7 October 2006.  ^ Le Messurier, H. W. (December 1916). "Newfoundland". Geographical Review. American Geographical Society. 2 (6): 449. doi:10.2307/207514. JSTOR 207514.  ^ Marguerite Syvret and Joan Stevens (1998). Balleine's History of Jersey. La Société Jersiaise. ISBN 1-86077-065-7.  ^ "The Duke of York's Release to John Lord Berkeley, and Sir George Carteret, 24th of June, 1664". avalon.law.yale.edu. Retrieved 2011-09-22.  ^ "So what's all this stuff about Nova Caesarea??". avalon.law.yale.edu. Retrieved 2011-09-22.  ^ T. F Hoad, English Etymology, Oxford University Press paperback 1993. ^ François de Beaurepaire, Les noms des communes et anciennes paroisses de la Manche, éditions Picard 1986. p. 100. ^ The Concise Oxford Dictionary Of English Placenames, Oxford 1947. ^ Lepelley, René (1999). Noms de lieux de Normandie et des îles Anglo-Normandes. Paris: Bonneton. ISBN 2862532479.  ^ "Jersey", Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names. John Everett-Heath. Oxford University Press 2005. Oxford Reference Online. Oxford University Press. Jersey Library. 6 October 2006 [1] ^ The ancient and modern names of the Channel Islands: a linguistic history. Richard Coates. Paul Watkins 1991. [2]

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States with limited recognition

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Dependencies and other entities

Åland Faroe Islands Gibraltar Guernsey Isle of Man Jersey Svalbard

v t e

Jersey articles

Geography Geology

History

Archaeology La Cotte de St Brelade Dolmens

La Hougue Bie

Mont Orgueil Grosnez Castle Elizabeth Castle Battle of Jersey La Corbière Lighthouse Windmills Coastal fortifications Jersey Railway Jersey Eastern Railway German occupation during World War II

Evacuation Resistance Relationships Civilian life Deportations Sechsschartentürme German tunnels War Tunnels Museum Battery Lothringen Battery Moltke Channel Islands Occupation Society (CIOS)

Jersey Heritage National Trust Maritime

Schools

State

Grainville Haute Vallée Hautlieu Jersey College for Girls Le Rocquier Les Quennevais Victoria College

Private

Beaulieu Convent School De La Salle College St Michael's Preparatory

Politics

Bailiff

list

Chief Minister Council of Ministers Customs and immigration Duke of Normandy Elections Lieutenant Governor Parish Assembly Political parties

Democratic Alliance Centre Party Conservative Party

Procureur du Bien Public Royal Militia States Assembly Viscounts

Law

Courts Greffier HM Prison La Moye Jersey Legal French Judiciary Jurat Police

Honorary

Economy

Jersey Electricity Company Jersey Post Jersey pound

coins

Livre (former currency) Roads

Committee Visite du Branchage

Telecommunications

JT Group Limited Newtel Solutions Sure Airtel-Vodafone

Transport

airport

Culture

Battle of Flowers Catholic Church Demographics Durrell Wildlife Park Education Eisteddfod Jèrriais language Jèrriais literature Jersey cow Jersey Royal potato Music

Jersey Live Opera House

Religion Sport Theatre

Media

BBC Radio Jersey Channel 103 ITV Channel Television Jersey Evening Post

Symbols

Anthem Coat of arms Flag Liberation Day

Vingtaines by parish

Saint Helier

de la Ville du Rouge Bouillon de Bas du Mont au Prêtre de Haut du Mont au Prêtre du Mont à l'Abbé du Mont Cochon

Grouville

des Marais de la Rue de Longueville de la Rocque Les Minquiers

Saint Brélade

de Noirmont du Coin des Quennevais de la Moye

Saint Clement

Grande Vingtaine du Rocquier de Samarès

Saint John

du Nord de Hérupe du Douet

Saint Lawrence

de la Vallée du Coin Hâtain du Coin Motier du Coin Tourgis Nord du Coin Tourgis Sud

Saint Martin

de Rozel de Faldouet de la Quéruée de l'Église du Fief de la Reine Les Écréhous

Saint Mary

du Sud du Nord

Saint Ouen

Petite Cueillette Grande Cueillette Cueillette de Grantez Cueillette de Millais Cueillette de Vinchelez Cueillette de Léoville

Saint Peter

du Douet de St. Nicolas Grand Vingtaine des Augerez du Coin Varin

Saint Saviour

de Maufant de Sous la Hougue des Pigneaux de la Grande Longueville de la Petite Longueville de Sous l'Église

Trinity

de la Ville-à-l'Évêque de Rozel du Rondin des Augrès de la Croiserie

Outline Bibliography

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