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Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
(Thai: นครราชสีมา, pronounced [ná(ʔ).kʰɔ̄ːn râːt.t͡ɕʰā.sǐː.māː]), often called Khorat (Thai: โคราช, pronounced [kʰōː.râːt])) is one of the Isan
Isan
provinces (changwat) of Thailand's northeast corner. It is the country's largest province by area, with a population of about 2.7 million who produce about 250 billion baht in GDP, the highest in Isan.[2] Neighbouring provinces are (clockwise, from north) Chaiyaphum, Khon Kaen, Buriram, Sa Kaeo, Prachinburi, Nakhon Nayok, Saraburi, and Lopburi. The capital of the province is the city of Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
in Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
District, also called Khorat.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History 3 Symbols 4 Administrative divisions 5 Economy 6 Transport

6.1 Air 6.2 Rail 6.3 Road

7 Education

7.1 Universities 7.2 Schools 7.3 International schools

8 Facilities

8.1 Hospitals 8.2 Communications

9 Attractions 10 Korat
Korat
cat 11 References 12 External links

Geography[edit]

Khao Yai National Park

The province is at the west end of the Khorat Plateau, separated from the Chao Phraya
Chao Phraya
river valley by the Phetchabun and Dong Phaya Yen mountain ranges. Two national parks are in the province: Khao Yai in the west and Thap Lan in the south. Both parks are in the forested mountains of the Sankamphaeng Range, the southern prolongation of the Dong Phaya Yen mountains Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
is a large province on the northeastern plateau and acts as a gateway to other provinces in the northeast. It is 259 kilometres (161 mi) from Bangkok
Bangkok
and has an area of around 20,494 square kilometres (7,913 sq mi). The province is rich in Khmer culture and has a long history. History[edit]

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Phimai
Phimai
historical park

Main gate of Khorat

The area around Khorat was already an important centre in the times of the Khmer empire
Khmer empire
in the 11th century, as can be seen by the temple ruins in Phimai
Phimai
historical park. Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Province is one of the provinces where there is still a sizable northern Khmer population.[3] A new walled-city with a surrounding moat, designated as Nakhon Ratchasima, was built in the 17th century by order of the King Narai, as the easternmost "command post", guarding the kingdom's border. It continued this duty during the Bangkok
Bangkok
Period, although it was briefly seized during Chao Anuwong
Anuwong
of Vientiane's 1826 revolt against King Rama III
Rama III
of Siam. Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
has long been the most important political and economic centre in the northeastern region. In the late-19th century, the railroad reached Khorat and it became the junction of two main rail lines in the northeastern, Isan, region. In 1933 it was the stronghold of the royalist troops in the Boworadej Revolt, as they fought against the new ostensibly democratic government in Bangkok. In the 1950s, the Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base
Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base
was built in Nakhon Ratchasima; from 1961 until 26 February 1976, this facility was also used as a base by the United States Air Force. Symbols[edit]

Thao Suranari
Thao Suranari
Monument

The provincial seal depicts the revered heroine of Khorat, Thao Suranari (Thai: ท้าวสุรนารี). A monument to Thao Suranari
Thao Suranari
(real name: Khunying Mo; 1771–1852) stands in front of the old Pratu Chumphon gate. Also called "The Great Heroine of Khorat", Kunying Mo was the wife of the Siamese-appointed deputy governor of Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
during the reign of King Rama III. In 1826, Khunying Mo managed to repel the Laotian army led by Prince Anouvong
Anouvong
of Vientiane
Vientiane
who tried to reinstate control over the Khorat plateau. King Rama III
Rama III
conferred the title of Thao Suranari
Thao Suranari
on Khunying Mo, as well as additional ones honouring her bravery. The provincial tree is the sathon (Millettia leucantha Kurz) The provincial motto is "Land of brave women, fine silk material, Khorat rice noodles, Phimai
Phimai
Historical Park, and Dan Kwian ceramics". Administrative divisions[edit]

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
City

Main gate of Khorat

The province is divided into 32 districts (amphoe). The districts are further subdivided into 263 sub-districts (tambon) and 3,743 villages (muban).

Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima Khon Buri Soeng Sang Khong Ban Lueam Chakkarat Chok Chai Dan Khun Thot Non Thai Non Sung Kham Sakaesaeng Bua Yai Prathai Pak Thong Chai Phimai Huai Thalaeng Chum Phuang Sung Noen Kham Thale So Sikhio Pak Chong Nong Bun Mak Kaeng Sanam Nang Non Daeng Wang Nam Khiao Thepharak Mueang Yang Phra Thong Kham Lam Thamenchai Bua Lai Sida Chaloem Phra Kiat

As of 15 May 2007, the government upgraded all 81 "king amphoes" to "amphoes" to streamline administration.

Districts General Information

class Name Area (km2.) Distance to Provincial Hall (km.) Establish Subdistrict (Unit) Village (Unit) Population.

Male Female Total

Special

Mueang Nakhon Ratchasima

755.596 0 1895 25 243 212,627 221,211 433,838

1

Dan Khun Thot

1,428.14 84 1908 16 220 62,571 63,347 125,918

1

Bua Yai

305.028 101 1886 10 121 41,855 42,278 84,133

1

Pak Thong Chai

1,374.32 34 1910 16 213 56,716 58,950 115,666

1

Phimai

896.871 60 1900 12 208 64,421 66,024 130,445

1

Sikhio

1,247.07 45 1955 12 169 60,898 61,163 122,061

1

Pak Chong

1,825.17 85 1955 12 217 91,146 91,685 182,831

2

Khon Buri

1,816.85 58 1939 12 152 46,086 47,167 93,253

2

Chakkarat

501.672 40 1953 8 108 34,441 34,643 69,084

2

Chok Chai

503.917 30 1905 10 126 37,297 39,223 76,520

2

Non Sung

676.981 37 1897 16 195 62,639 65,374 128,013

2

Prathai

600.648 97 1961 13 148 38,622 38,761 77,282

2

Sung Noen

782.853 36 1901 11 125 38,429 40,181 78,610

2

Huai Thalaeng

495.175 65 1961 10 120 37,443 37,131 74,574

2

Chum Phuang

540.567 98 1959 9 130 40,918 41,038 82,161

3

Soeng Sang

1,200.24 88 1976 6 84 33,733 33,302 67,032

3

Khong

454.737 79 1938 10 155 40,052 41,076 81,128

3

Non Thai

541.994 28 1900 10 131 36,126 37,592 73,718

3

Kham Sakaesaeng

297.769 50 1968 7 72 21,423 21,753 43,176

3

Kaeng Sanam Nang

107.258 130 1986 5 56 18,782 19,054 37,836

3

Wang Nam Khiao

1,130.00 70 1992 5 83 20,416 20,503 40,910

4

Ban Lueam

218.875 85 1976 4 39 10,620 10,732 21,351

4

Nong Bunmak

590.448 52 1983 9 104 29,424 29,316 58,740

4

Thepharak

357.465 90 1995 4 58 12,002 11,451 23,453

4

Phra Thong Kham

359.522 45 1996 5 74 21,260 21,680 42,940

4

Sida

162.825 85 1997 5 50 12,087 12,133 24,220

4

Bua Lai

106.893 103 1997 4 45 12,374 12,450 24,824

4

Non Daeng

193.407 30 1989 5 65 12,597 12,984 25,581

4

Kham Thale So

203.605 22 1966 5 46 14,091 14,021 28,112

4

Mueang Yang

255.522 110 1995 4 44 14,321 14,038 28,359

4

Lam Thamenchai

308.457 120 1996 4 59 16,114 15,953 32,067

4

Chaloem Phra Kiat

254.093 18 1996 5 61 16,966 17,411 34,377

Economy[edit] Khorat's economy has traditionally been heavily dependent on agriculture. It is known as a processing centre for Isan's production of rice, tapioca, and sugar. The Isan
Isan
region accounts for half of Thailand's exports of those commodities. Khorat is also one of two sites in Thailand
Thailand
manufacturing disk drives by Seagate Technology, employing 12,100 workers in Khorat.[2][4] Transport[edit]

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Station

Air[edit] Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
has Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Airport, but it has no scheduled flights. The nearest working airport is in Buriram and has flights to and from Bangkok. Rail[edit] The railway system in Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
is on both northeastern routes from Bangkok
Bangkok
Railway Station. Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Province has eight main railway stations. In 2017, a 60-kilometre dual-track line will connect Korat
Korat
to Khon Kaen Province. It is the first segment of a dual track network that will connect Isan
Isan
with the Laem Chabang
Laem Chabang
seaport.[2] Road[edit] Highway 2 (Mittraphap Road) is the main route that connects nine districts in Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
including Muang district. This route also connects Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
to Saraburi and Khon Kaen Provinces. Hwy 24 links Si Khio District from Hwy 2 to Pak Thongcha, Chok Chai, and Nong Bunnak Districts and to Buriram Province. A new motorway connecting Khorat to Bangkok
Bangkok
is under construction in 2016 and will reduce travel time on the 250 kilometre journey to just over two hours.[2] Education[edit] Universities[edit] There are four universities in the area.

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Rajabhat University Rajamangala University of Technology Isan Suranaree University of Technology Vongchavalitkul University

Schools[edit]

Ratchasima Wittayalai School Saint Mary's College Nakhon Ratchasima Suranaree Witthaya MBAC Boonwatthana Phimai
Phimai
Witthaya Assumption School Nakhon Ratchasima Fort Surathamphithak School Phoowittaya School (lab school project) Plookpanya School Koratpittayakom school Wangrongnoi school

International schools[edit]

St Stephen's International School (SIS) (Khao Yai Campus) Adventists International Mission School (AIMS) (Nakhon Ratchasima Campus) Anglo Singapore International School
Anglo Singapore International School
( Korat
Korat
Campus) Wesley International School[5]

Facilities[edit] Hospitals[edit]

Maharaj Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
General Hospital Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
General Hospital (Khok Kruad Sub-district) Bangkok-Ratchasima Hospital Fort Suranari General Hospital St Mary Hospital Khorat Memorial Por-Phat Hospital Golden Gate Hospital Wing 1 Hospital Hua Ta Lae Hospital (Hua Ta Lae Sub-district)

The Mall Department Store

Communications[edit]

Landlines provided by TOT and TT&T IDD phones provided by CAT Mobiles provided by AIS GSM, DTAC, TRUE, and HUTCH Internet / High-speed internet (ADSL) provided by TOT, CAT, and TT&T.

Attractions[edit] -The Phimai historical park
Phimai historical park
is one of the most important Khmer temples of Thailand. It is located in the town of Phimai, Nakhon Ratchasima province.The temple marks one end of the Ancient Khmer Highway from Angkor. As the enclosed area of 1020x580m is comparable with that of Angkor Wat, Phimai
Phimai
must have been an important city in the Khmer Empire. Most buildings are from the late 11th to the late 12th century, built in the Baphuon, Bayon and Angkor Wat style. However, even though the Khmer at that time were Hindu, the temple was built as a Buddhist temple, since the inhabitants of the Khorat area had been Buddhists as far back the 7th century. Inscriptions name the site Vimayapura , which developed into the Thai name Phimai. -Khao Yai National Park is in the western part of the Sankamphaeng Mountain Range, at the southwestern boundary of the Khorat Plateau. The highest mountain in the area of the park is 1,351 m high Khao Rom.This park lies largely in Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Province (Khorat), but also includes parts of Saraburi, Prachinburi, and Nakhon Nayok Provinces.The park is the third largest in Thailand. It covers an area of 300 square kilometers, including tropical seasonal forests and grasslands. Elevations mostly range from 400–1,000 m. There are 3,000 species of plants, 320 species of birds like. It has a waterfalls include the 80 metre called Heo Narok, and Heo Suwat . - Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
railway station is a 1st class station and the main railway station in Nakhon Ratchasima Province. This station located in west side of the city of Nakhon Ratchasima. There are 18 daily trains, 1 E&O trains served to this station. Also, there are 4 to 6 special trains service in New Year, Songkran or other special festival. -The Lam Takhong Dam is an embankment dam on the Lam Takhong River between Pak Chong District
Pak Chong District
and Sikhio District
Sikhio District
in Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Province, Thailand.[1] The dam was originally constructed in 1974 for the purposes of irrigation and water supply but after 2002, its water storage also serves as the lower reservoir for the Lam Takhong pumped storage power plant, Thailand's first power plant of that type. -Khorat zoo is a zoo established under the Patronage of HM the King. Currently, Nakhon Ratchasima Zoo is under the supervision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment. The Korat
Korat
Zoo have many rare wildlife animals such as tigers, giraffes, lions, elephants, zebras, rhinoceroses, hedgehogs, birds such as guinea fowls, ostriches, flamingos and zoos. This zoo is located at 111 Moo 5, Chai Mongkhon, Amphoe Mueang, Nakhon Ratchasima. Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
province. -Wat Sala Lam is located in Nakhon Ratchasima. An ancient temple at Thao Suranari built after the Battle of the army of the Anuwong
Anuwong
in 1827, which has created monument Thao Suranaree. And the monument of the buri at the temple in Suranaree. After you have passed. Highlights of this temple At the new temple Outstanding religious pioneer award. From the Association of Siamese Architects under the Royal Patronage in 1973 and the Prize from the Satheikoset and Naga Prateep Foundation. Local materials such as terracotta porcelain tiles, such as the wall in front of the temple, Buddhist images of the moon. The back wall is a picture of God at the moment. The door is metal embossed. The story of the Great Vedanta Jataka inside a white stucco statue of the Buddha is standing at the gates of the city. His name is Phra Phutthabat Sunthorn Thon Buri Sala Pimlaporn Santisukmunin at the door of the temple with structure Suranaree sitting in the middle of the pond. The Ubosot is surrounded by a semicircular wall. Symbols of the original city. On the side of the small pagoda, which used to be buried at Suranaree. And it located at the northeast side of the city. The temple is located next to Lam Ta Khong, which flows through the northern part of the city to the Mun River. Korat
Korat
cat[edit] Main article: Korat

Korat
Korat
Cat (si sawat)

(Thai: โคราช, มาเลศ, สีสวาด, RTGS: Khorat, malet, si sawat) The Korat
Korat
cat is a natural breed, and one of the oldest stable cat breeds. Originating in Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Province at Phimai,[6] it is named after its province of origin. In Thailand
Thailand
the breed is known as si sawat, meaning "colour of the sawat seed" (bluish-gray). Korat
Korat
cats are distinguished not only by the colour of their fur. Genuine Korat cats have a heart-shaped face when viewed from any angle and shorter grey hair with silver tips. The true breed's eyes are yellow with an inner green circle. They must be slender and agile. The cat's tail must be slender. Cats with crooked tails are considered inauspicious.[6] In 1965, Korat
Korat
cats were first registered in the US by the Korat
Korat
Cat Fanciers Association. The cats that formed the breed were first imported from Thailand
Thailand
by Jean L. Johnson in 1959. In 1966 the breed was accepted by the Cat Fanciers' Association
Cat Fanciers' Association
(CFA). The Korat
Korat
breed is now accepted by cat associations around the world.[6] The International Maew Boran Association (TIMBA) ("maew boran" means "ancient cat") was formed in Thailand
Thailand
to provide a registry of and pedigrees for Thai cats, including Korats, and to provide a voice in English for Thai breeders as "...Thai breeders...do not speak English, and farang breeders do not speak Thai.".[7][6] References[edit]

^ "Population of the Kingdom" (PDF). Department of Provincial Affairs (DOPA) Thailand
Thailand
(in Thai). 2014-12-31. Retrieved 19 Mar 2015.  ^ a b c d Janssen, Peter (2 November 2016). " Thailand
Thailand
takes a long-term gamble on Isaan region". Nikkei Asian Review. Retrieved 3 November 2016.  ^ Thai People In Northeastern Thailand
Thailand
(Isan) ^ Temphairojana, Pairat (2015-02-10). "Seagate to invest $470 mln in Thailand
Thailand
over next 5 years". Reuters. Retrieved 3 November 2016.  ^ "Welcome to WIS". Wesley International School. Retrieved 7 November 2016.  ^ a b c d Na Thalang, Jeerawat (6 November 2016). "Splitting hairs over cat breeds". Bangkok
Bangkok
Post. Retrieved 8 November 2016.  ^ "Welcome to TIMBA". TIMBA: The International Maew Boran Association. Retrieved 10 November 2016. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Province.

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
travel guide from Wikivoyage Province page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand Official website Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
provincial map, coat of arms and postal stamp Archived January 3, 2015, at the Wayback Machine. Khao Yai National Park

Places adjacent to Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Province

Lopburi Province Chaiyaphum Province Khon Kaen Province

Saraburi Province

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Province

Buriram Province

Nakhon Nayok Province Prachin Buri Province Sa Kaew Province

v t e

City of Nakhon Ratchasima

History

Government and localities

City of Nakhon Ratchasima Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Metropolitan Area

Buildings and landmarks

Thao Suranaree
Thao Suranaree
Monument Korat
Korat
City Gates Wat Sala Loi Korat
Korat
Zoo

His Majesty the King's 80th Birthday Anniversary, 5th December 2007 Sports Complex

Economy

Tourism Banks

Transport

Air

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Airport (outside of the city) Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base
Korat Royal Thai Air Force Base
(closed)

Rail

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Railway Station Thanon Chira Junction Railway Station

Road

Streets and highway Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Ring Road Bus Station

I II

Songthaew BRT (proposed)

Culture

Buddhist temples Cinema Shopping

The Mall Nakhon Ratchasima

Sports

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
F.C. His Majesty the King's 80th Birthday Anniversary, 5th December 2007 Sports Complex 2007 Southeast Asian Games

Education

Education in Nakhon Ratchasima Schools

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Witthayalai School Suranaree School

Universities

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Rajabhat University Suranaree University of Technology

Other topics

Famous people from Buriram Buildings and structures List of municipalities in Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Province List of cities in Thailand

v t e

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Province

Capital

Nakhon Ratchasima

Cities and Towns

Nakhon Ratchasima Bua Yai Pak Chong Sikhio Mueang Pak List of municipalities

Districts (amphoe)

List

Sports

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
F.C. His Majesty the King's 80th Birthday Anniversary, 5th December 2007 Sports Complex 80th Birthday Stadium

Natural Sights

Mun River Khao Yai National Park Chok Chai Farm Thap Lan National Park Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Zoo

Historical Sights

Thao Suranari Phimai
Phimai
historical park Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
City Gates

Transports

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Airport Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Bus Station

1 2

Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
BRT Project Streets Railway stations

Nakhon Ratchasima Thanon Chira

v t e

Tourism in Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Province

City of Nakhon Ratchasima

Thao Suranari
Thao Suranari
Monument Northeastern Museum of Petrified Wood and Mineral Resources Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
Zoo Nakhon Ratchasima
Nakhon Ratchasima
City Gates

Upper section

Phimai
Phimai
National Museum Phimai
Phimai
Historical Park

Lower section

Khao Yai National Park Mueang Sema Historical Site Wat Thammachak Semaram Ancient Khorat Prasat Non Ku Prasat Mueang Khaek Prasat Mueang Kao Dan Kwian Pottery Village Chokchai Farm

List of tourist attractions

v t e

Provinces of Thailand

Metropolitan

Bangkok
Bangkok
(Krung Thep Maha Nakhon) Nakhon Pathom Nonthaburi Pathum Thani Samut Prakan Samut Sakhon

North

Chiang Mai Chiang Rai Lampang Lamphun Mae Hong Son Nan Phayao Phrae Uttaradit

Northeast

Amnat Charoen Bueng Kan Buriram Chaiyaphum Kalasin Khon Kaen Loei Maha Sarakham Mukdahan Nakhon Phanom Nakhon Ratchasima Nong Bua Lamphu Nong Khai Roi Et Sakon Nakhon Sisaket Surin Ubon Ratchathani Udon Thani Yasothon

Central

Ang Thong Chai Nat Kamphaeng Phet Lopburi Nakhon Nayok Nakhon Sawan Phetchabun Phichit Phitsanulok Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya Samut Songkhram Saraburi Sing Buri Sukhothai Suphan Buri Uthai Thani

East

Chachoengsao Chanthaburi Chonburi Prachinburi Rayong Sa Kaeo Trat

West

Kanchanaburi Phetchaburi Prachuap Khiri Khan Ratchaburi Tak

South

Chumphon Krabi Nakhon Si Thammarat Narathiwat Pattani Phang Nga Phatthalung Phuket Ranong Satun Songkhla Surat Thani Trang Yala

Coordinates: 14°58′20″N 102°6′0″E / 14.97222°N 102.10000°E / 14.97222; 102.10000

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 145478

.