The NAISMITH MEMORIAL BASKETBALL HALL OF FAME is an American history
museum and hall of fame, located at 1000 Hall of Fame Avenue in
As of the induction of the Class of 2016 on September 9, 2016, the Hall has formally inducted 354 individuals.
* 1 History of the Springfield building
* 2 Criteria for induction
* 2.1 Controversy
* 3 Inductees * 4 Other Hall awards * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links
HISTORY OF THE SPRINGFIELD BUILDING
The Naismith Hall of Fame was established in 1959 by Lee Williams , a
former athletic director at
In the 17 years that the original
Basketball Hall of Fame operated at
In 2002, the
Basketball Hall of Fame moved again—albeit merely 100
yards south along Springfield's riverfront—into a $47 million
facility designed by renowned architects Gwathmey Siegel however the
placement and height of
Interstate 91 remain physical obstacles. Urban
planners at universities such as UMass Amherst have called for the
I-91 to be moved, or to be re-configured so as to be
pedestrian-friendly to Hall of Fame visitors. In 2010, the Urban Land
Institute announced a plan to make the walk between Springfield's
Metro Center and the Hall of Fame (and riverfront) easier. A
basketball sculpture soars into the sky above the Basketball Hall of
CRITERIA FOR INDUCTION
In contrast to the Pro Football and the National Baseball Halls of Fame, Springfield honors international and American professionals, as well as American and international amateurs, making it arguably the most comprehensive Hall of Fame among major sports. Since 2011, the induction process employs a total of seven committees to both screen and elect candidates. Four of these committees screen prospective candidates:
* North American Screening Committee (9 members) * Women's Screening Committee (7 members) * International Screening Committee (7 members) * Veterans Screening Committee (7 members), with "Veterans" defined as individuals whose careers ended at least 35 years before they are considered for election.
Since 2011, the Veterans and International Committees also vote to directly induct one candidate for each induction class.
Three committees formed in 2011 directly elect one candidate for each induction class:
American Basketball Association
* Contributor Direct Election Committee
* Note that other committees may choose to elect contributors. For example, the 2014 class included two contributors.
* Early African-American Pioneers of the Game Committee
Individuals who receive at least seven votes from the North American Screening Committee or five votes from one of the other screening committees in a given year are eligible to advance to an Honors Committee, composed of 12 members who vote on each candidate and rotating groups of 12 specialists (one group for female candidates, one group for international candidates, and one group for American and veterans candidates). However, each screening committee is limited as to the number of candidates it can put forth to the Honors Committee—10 from the North American Committee, and two from each other committee. Any individual receiving at least 18 affirmative votes (75% of all votes cast) from the Honors Committee is approved for induction into the Hall of Fame. As long as the number of candidates receiving sufficient votes from a screening committee is not greater than the number of finalists that committee can put forth, advancement to the Honors Committee is generally pro forma, although the Hall's Board of Trustees may remove any candidate who "has damaged the integrity of the game of basketball" from consideration.
To be considered for induction by a screening committee, a player must be fully retired from play for at least four years (changed from five years in December 2015), while a coach or referee must be fully retired for at least four years or have been active full-time in his/her respective craft on the professional, collegiate or high school level for at least 25 years. No years of service criterion is applied to those who have made a "significant contribution to the game of basketball". Sportswriters and commentators are elected as full-fledged members (in contrast to the Baseball Hall of Fame that places them in separate wings that are not considered in the "real" Hall of Fame).
Controversy has arisen over many aspects of the Hall's voting procedures, including voter anonymity. While sportswriter voters of other major sports' Halls of Fame openly debate their choices, the Naismith Hall does not make the process transparent. The Hall has also been criticized in opinion columns for a tendency to enshrine active collegiate coaches and relatively obscure players while omitting some accomplished players and coaches.
Main article: List of members of the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame The entrance to the former site of the Basketball Hall of Fame near Metro Center Springfield.
Since 1959, 345 coaches, players, referees, contributors, and teams
have been inducted, with the most recent class entering on September
On three occasions, the Hall has inducted new classes without honoring a player – 1965, 1968, and 2007.
OTHER HALL AWARDS
In conjunction with the Final Four of each year's men's and women's Division I NCAA basketball tournaments the Naismith Hall gives out several awards to college basketball athletes:
For men, the Hall presents the Bob Cousy Award to the top point guard from among players in Divisions I , II , and III . This award, given since 2004, is voted on by Cousy and a selection of basketball writers, college basketball coaches, sports information directors and fans.
The Hall also presents the Frances Pomeroy Naismith Award to two college seniors—one male player no taller than 72 inches (1.83 m), and one female player no taller than 68 inches (1.73 m)—determined to have been the nation's best student-athletes. The men's award, given since 1969, is voted on by the National Association of Basketball Coaches (NABC), and the women's, given since 1984, by members of the Women\'s Basketball Coaches Association .
Wikimedia Commons has media related to NAISMITH MEMORIAL BASKETBALL HALL OF FAME BUILDING .
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