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Nairobi
Nairobi
(/naɪˈroʊbi/; locally [naɪˈroːbi]) is the capital and largest city of Kenya. The name comes from the Maasai phrase Enkare Nyrobi, which translates to "cool water", a reference to the Nairobi River
Nairobi River
which flows through the city. The city proper has a population of 3,138,369, while the metropolitan area has a population of 6,547,547. The city is popularly referred to as the Green City in the Sun.[2] Nairobi
Nairobi
was founded in 1899 by the colonial authorities in British East Africa, as a rail depot on the Uganda
Uganda
Railway.[3] The town quickly grew to replace Machakos
Machakos
as the capital of Kenya
Kenya
in 1907. After independence in 1963, Nairobi
Nairobi
became the capital of the Republic of Kenya.[4] During Kenya's colonial period, the city became a centre for the colony's coffee, tea and sisal industry.[5] The city lies on the River Athi in the southern part of the country, and has an elevation of 1,795 metres (5,889 ft) above sea level.[6] With a population of 3.36 million in 2011, Nairobi
Nairobi
is the second-largest city by population in the African Great Lakes
African Great Lakes
region after Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.[1][7] According to the 2009 census, in the administrative area of Nairobi, 3,138,295 inhabitants lived within 696 km2 (269 sq mi).[8] Nairobi
Nairobi
is the 10th-largest city in Africa, including the population of its suburbs. Home to thousands of Kenyan businesses and over 100 major international companies and organisations, including the United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment) and the United Nations Office at Nairobi
Nairobi
(UNON), Nairobi
Nairobi
is an established hub for business and culture. The Nairobi Securities Exchange
Nairobi Securities Exchange
(NSE) is one of the largest in Africa and the second-oldest exchange on the continent. It is Africa's fourth-largest exchange in terms of trading volume, capable of making 10 million trades a day.[9]

Contents

1 Nairobi
Nairobi
Metropolitan Region 2 History

2.1 1899–1925 2.2 1925–1950 2.3 1950–1975 2.4 1975–1999 2.5 2000–present 2.6 Historical population data for Nairobi

3 Geography

3.1 Climate 3.2 Districts and neighbourhoods

3.2.1 Kibera
Kibera
slum

3.3 Parks and gardens

4 Political divisions

4.1 Constituencies

5 Economy

5.1 Central business district and skyline 5.2 Upper Hill 5.3 Tourism 5.4 Places of interest

6 Demographics 7 Society and culture

7.1 Literature and film 7.2 Food 7.3 Music

8 Sport 9 Education

9.1 Higher education

10 Infrastructure

10.1 Transport

10.1.1 Airports 10.1.2 Matatu 10.1.3 Buses 10.1.4 Trains 10.1.5 Roads 10.1.6 Private Car Population Projection for Nairobi

10.2 Water supply and sanitation 10.3 Housing

11 Crime and law enforcement 12 Media 13 The future of Nairobi 14 Twin towns – sister cities 15 Image gallery 16 See also 17 References 18 External links

Nairobi
Nairobi
Metropolitan Region[edit]

Nairobi County
Nairobi County
(Green) surrounding Nairobi
Nairobi
Metro (Red)

Nairobi
Nairobi
is found within the Greater Nairobi
Nairobi
Metropolitan region, which consists of 5 out of 47 counties in Kenya, which generates about 60% of the entire nation's .[10][11] The counties are:

Area County Area (km2) Population Census 2017 Cities/Towns/Municipalities in the Counties

Core Nairobi Nairobi
Nairobi
County 694.9 4,000,000 Nairobi

Northern Metro Kiambu
Kiambu
County 2,449.2 1,623,282 Kiambu, Thika, Limuru, Ruiru, Karuri, Kikuyu, Ruaka, Kahawa

North Eastern Metro Murang'a
Murang'a
County 2,325.8 942,581 Gatanga, Kandara, Kenol/Kabati, Murang'a

Southern Metro Kajiado County 21,292.7 687,312 Kajiado, Olkejuado, Bissil, Ngong, Kitengela, Kiserian, Ongata Rongai

Eastern Metro Machakos
Machakos
County 5,952.9 1,098,584 Kangundo-Tala, Machakos, Athi River

Totals Nairobi
Nairobi
Metro 32,715.5 7,490,128

Source: NairobiMetro/ Kenya
Kenya
Census History[edit] Main articles: History of Nairobi
History of Nairobi
and Timeline of Nairobi 1899–1925[edit]

How Nairobi
Nairobi
looked in 1899, just a bunch of Tents and then a Railway Depot

The area was an uninhabited swamp until a supply depot of the Uganda Railway was built in 1896, which soon became the railway's headquarters. The decision by railway engineers irked the colonial government, who originally preferred Machakos
Machakos
as the ideal capital of the colony. The main issue, from the very start, was the lack of proper drainage as the selected site was swampy. But railway engineers believed that Nairobi
Nairobi
would become nothing more than an Indian township which they argued, could 'prosper in spite of unsanitary conditions and chronic plague.[12]' The city was named after a water hole known in Maasai as Enkare Nairobi, meaning "place of cool waters". Its main street at the time, Biashara Street, was completely rebuilt in the early 1900s after an outbreak of plague and the burning of the original town[13]. The location of the Nairobi
Nairobi
railway camp was chosen due to its central position between Mombasa
Mombasa
and Kampala. It was also chosen because its network of rivers could supply the camp with water and its elevation would make it cool enough for residential purposes.[14] However, malaria was a serious problem, leading to at least one attempt to have the town moved.[15]

Entrance to Nairobi
Nairobi
Railway Station 1899

In 1905, Nairobi
Nairobi
replaced Mombasa
Mombasa
as capital of the British protectorate,[16] and the city grew around administration and tourism, initially in the form of big game hunting. As the British occupiers started to explore the region, they started using Nairobi
Nairobi
as their first port of call. This prompted the colonial government to encourage the building of several hotels in the city. The main occupants were British game hunters. Nairobi
Nairobi
continued to grow under the British and many people settled within the city's suburbs. In 1919, Nairobi
Nairobi
was declared to be a municipality.[17] 1925–1950[edit] In February 1926, E. A. T. Dutton passed through Nairobi
Nairobi
on his way to Mount Kenya, and said of the city:

Maybe one day Nairobi
Nairobi
will be laid out with tarred roads, with avenues of flowering trees, flanked by noble buildings; with open spaces and stately squares; a cathedral worthy of faith and country; museums and of art; theaters and public offices. And it is fair to say that the Government and the Municipality have already bravely tackled the problem and that a town-plan ambitious enough to turn Nairobi
Nairobi
into a thing of beauty has been slowly worked out, and much has already been done. But until that plan has borne fruit, Nairobi
Nairobi
must remain what she was then, a slatternly creature, unfit to queen it over so lovely a country.[18]

1950–1975[edit] The continuous expansion of the city began to anger the Maasai, as the city was devouring their land to the south. It also angered the Kikuyu people, who wanted the land returned to them. After the end of World War II, this friction developed into the Mau Mau
Mau Mau
rebellion. Jomo Kenyatta, Kenya's future president, was jailed for his involvement even though there was no evidence linking him to the rebellion. The pressure exerted from the locals onto the British resulted in Kenyan independence in 1963, with Nairobi
Nairobi
as the capital of the new republic. After independence, Nairobi
Nairobi
grew rapidly and this growth put pressure on the city's infrastructure. Power cuts and water shortages were a common occurrence, though in the past few years better city planning has helped to put some of these problems in check.

Nairobi
Nairobi
in 1973

On 11 September 1973, the Kenyatta International Conference Centre KICC was open to the public. The 28-storey building at the time was designed by the Norwegian architect Karl Henrik Nøstvik and a Kenyan David Mutiso, the construction was done in three phases.Phase I was the construction of the podium, Phase II consisted of the main tower and Phase III involved the Plenary. Construction was completed in 1973; with the opening ceremony occurring on 11 September and being presided over by Kenya’s founding father President Kenyatta. It is the only building within the city with a helipad that is open to the public. Of the buildings built in the Seventies, the KICC was the most eco-friendly and most environmentally conscious structure; its main frame was constructed with locally available materials Gravel, sand, cement and wood, it had wide open spaces which allowed for natural aeration and natural lighting. Cuboids made up the plenary hall, the tower consisted of a cylinder composed of several cuboids and the amphitheatre and helipad both resembled cones. The tower was built around a concrete core and it had no walls but glass windows, which allowed for maximum natural lighting. It had the largest halls in eastern and central Africa.[19] 1975–1999[edit] Three years prior in 1972, the World Bank
World Bank
approved funds for further expansion of the then Nairobi
Nairobi
Airport (now Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
International Airport), including a new international and domestic passenger terminal building, the airport's first dedicated cargo and freight terminal, new taxiways, associated aprons, internal roads, car parks, police and fire stations, a State Pavilion, airfield and roadway lighting, fire hydrant system, water, electrical, telecommunications and sewage systems, a dual carriageway passenger access road, security, drainage and the building of the main access road to the airport (Airport South Road). The total cost of the project was more than US$29 million (US$111.8 million in 2013 dollars).[20] On 14 March 1978, construction of the current terminal building was completed on the other side of the airport's single runway and opened by President Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
less than five months before his death. The airport was renamed Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
International Airport in memory of its First President. The United States
United States
Embassy, then located in downtown Nairobi, was bombed in August 1998 by Al-Qaida, as one of a series of US embassy bombings. It is now the site of a memorial park.[21] 2000–present[edit]

Nairobi
Nairobi
showing Fedha Towers, ICEA Building, the Nairobi
Nairobi
Safari Club and Anniversary Towers

On 9 November 2012, President Mwai Kibaki
Mwai Kibaki
opened the KES 31 billion Thika
Thika
Superhighway.The mega-project in East and Central Africa started in 2009 and ended in 2011. It involved expanding the four-lane carriageway to eight lanes, building underpasses, providing interchanges at roundabouts, erecting flyovers and building underpasses to ease congestion. The 50.4 kilometre road was built in three phases: Uhuru Highway to Muthaiga
Muthaiga
Roundabout; Muthaiga Roundabout to Kenyatta University
Kenyatta University
and; Kenyatta University
Kenyatta University
to Thika Town.[22] On 31 May 2017, The current president Uhuru Kenyatta
Uhuru Kenyatta
inaugurated the Standard Gauge railway which runs from Nairobi
Nairobi
to Mombasa
Mombasa
and vice versa . It was primarily built by a Chinese firm with about 90% of total funding from China
China
and about 10% from the Kenyan government. A second phase is also being built which will link Naivasha
Naivasha
to the existing route and also the Uganda
Uganda
border. Historical population data for Nairobi[edit]

Year 1969 1979 1989 1999 2009

NAIROBI 509, 286 827, 775 1, 324, 570 2, 143, 254 3, 138, 369[23]

Geography[edit]

An aerial view of Nairobi, the central business district and Ngong Road

Kenyatta International Convention Centre
Kenyatta International Convention Centre
with Times Tower
Times Tower
in the background

Satellite View of Nairobi

The city is situated at 1°09′S 36°39′E / 1.150°S 36.650°E / -1.150; 36.650 (Nairobi, Kenya) and 1°27′S 37°06′E / 1.450°S 37.100°E / -1.450; 37.100 (Nairobi, Kenya) and occupies 696 square kilometres (270 sq mi). Nairobi
Nairobi
is situated between the cities of Kampala
Kampala
and Mombasa. As Nairobi
Nairobi
is adjacent to the eastern edge of the Rift Valley, minor earthquakes and tremors occasionally occur. The Ngong Hills, located to the west of the city, are the most prominent geographical feature of the Nairobi
Nairobi
area. Mount Kenya
Kenya
is situated north of Nairobi, and Mount Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro
is towards the south-east.[24] The Nairobi River
Nairobi River
and its tributaries traverse through the Nairobi County. Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
laureate Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai
fought fiercely to save the indigenous Karura Forest
Karura Forest
in northern Nairobi
Nairobi
which was under threat of being replaced by housing and other infrastructure.[25] Nairobi's western suburbs stretch all the way from the Kenyatta National Hospital in the south to the UN headquarters at Gigiri suburb in the north, a distance of about 20 kilometres (12 mi). The city is centred on the City Square, which is located in the Central Business District. The Kenyan Parliament buildings, the Holy Family Cathedral, Nairobi
Nairobi
City Hall, Nairobi
Nairobi
Law Courts, and the Kenyatta Conference Centre all surround the square. Climate[edit] Under the Köppen climate classification, Nairobi
Nairobi
has a subtropical highland climate (Cfb[26]/Cwb). At 1,795 metres (5,889 ft) above sea level, evenings may be cool, especially in the June/July season, when the temperature can drop to 9 °C (48 °F). The sunniest and warmest part of the year is from December to March, when temperatures average the mid-twenties during the day. The mean maximum temperature for this period is 24 °C (75 °F).[27] There are two rainy seasons, but rainfall can be moderate. The cloudiest part of the year is just after the first rainy season, when, until September, conditions are usually overcast with drizzle. As Nairobi
Nairobi
is situated close to the equator, the differences between the seasons are minimal. The seasons are referred to as the wet season and dry season. The timing of sunrise and sunset varies little throughout the year for the same reason.[28]

Nairobi
Nairobi
southern suburbs. In the background is Wilson Airport

Climate data for Nairobi
Nairobi
(Dagoretti) 1961–1990, extremes 1955–1982 and 1984–present

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 29.8 (85.6) 30.5 (86.9) 30.9 (87.6) 29.0 (84.2) 26.8 (80.2) 28.1 (82.6) 32.7 (90.9) 32.5 (90.5) 30.0 (86) 29.0 (84.2) 27.9 (82.2) 27.6 (81.7) 32.7 (90.9)

Average high °C (°F) 25.5 (77.9) 26.7 (80.1) 26.8 (80.2) 25.0 (77) 23.5 (74.3) 22.5 (72.5) 22.0 (71.6) 22.7 (72.9) 25.0 (77) 25.7 (78.3) 24.0 (75.2) 24.5 (76.1) 24.5 (76.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) 18.0 (64.4) 18.8 (65.8) 19.4 (66.9) 19.2 (66.6) 17.8 (64) 16.3 (61.3) 15.6 (60.1) 15.9 (60.6) 17.3 (63.1) 18.5 (65.3) 18.4 (65.1) 18.1 (64.6) 17.8 (64)

Average low °C (°F) 10.5 (50.9) 10.9 (51.6) 12.1 (53.8) 13.4 (56.1) 12.1 (53.8) 10.0 (50) 9.2 (48.6) 9.1 (48.4) 9.7 (49.5) 11.3 (52.3) 12.7 (54.9) 11.7 (53.1) 11.1 (52)

Record low °C (°F) 3.3 (37.9) 2.2 (36) 6.7 (44.1) 7.8 (46) 7.9 (46.2) 4.4 (39.9) 1.1 (34) 2.9 (37.2) 3.9 (39) 5.5 (41.9) 6.7 (44.1) 6.2 (43.2) 1.1 (34)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 58.3 (2.295) 49.8 (1.961) 92.2 (3.63) 242.3 (9.539) 189.5 (7.461) 38.6 (1.52) 17.6 (0.693) 24.0 (0.945) 31.2 (1.228) 60.8 (2.394) 149.6 (5.89) 107.6 (4.236) 1,061.5 (41.791)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 4 4 8 15 13 5 3 4 4 7 14 9 90

Average relative humidity (%) 60 56 62 71 73 73 73 71 64 63 71 66 67

Mean monthly sunshine hours 288.3 266.0 266.6 204.0 189.1 159.0 130.2 127.1 180.0 226.3 198.0 257.3 2,491.9

Mean daily sunshine hours 9.3 9.5 8.6 6.8 6.1 5.3 4.2 4.1 6.0 7.3 6.6 8.3 6.8

Source #1: NOAA[29]

Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst
Deutscher Wetterdienst
(extremes from 1955–1982 and humidity, 1961–1990),[30] Meteo Climat (extremes from 1984–present)[31]

Climate data for Nairobi
Nairobi
( Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
International Airport)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 32.2 (90) 32.8 (91) 32.1 (89.8) 32.2 (90) 31.1 (88) 28.9 (84) 29.4 (84.9) 32.2 (90) 31.1 (88) 33.0 (91.4) 32.2 (90) 32.2 (90) 33.0 (91.4)

Average high °C (°F) 26.7 (80.1) 27.9 (82.2) 27.5 (81.5) 26.0 (78.8) 24.5 (76.1) 23.7 (74.7) 22.6 (72.7) 23.0 (73.4) 25.6 (78.1) 26.6 (79.9) 24.9 (76.8) 25.3 (77.5) 25.4 (77.7)

Daily mean °C (°F) 19.4 (66.9) 20.2 (68.4) 20.7 (69.3) 20.2 (68.4) 19.1 (66.4) 17.7 (63.9) 16.7 (62.1) 17.3 (63.1) 18.6 (65.5) 19.7 (67.5) 19.3 (66.7) 19.0 (66.2) 19.0 (66.2)

Average low °C (°F) 12.9 (55.2) 13.1 (55.6) 14.1 (57.4) 14.9 (58.8) 14.3 (57.7) 12.3 (54.1) 11.4 (52.5) 11.5 (52.7) 12.0 (53.6) 13.3 (55.9) 14.0 (57.2) 13.5 (56.3) 13.1 (55.6)

Record low °C (°F) 4.7 (40.5) 7.2 (45) 7.2 (45) 9.8 (49.6) 6.3 (43.3) 6.1 (43) 4.6 (40.3) 4.4 (39.9) 4.2 (39.6) 5.4 (41.7) 7.8 (46) 7.9 (46.2) 4.2 (39.6)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 42.1 (1.657) 48.3 (1.902) 68.8 (2.709) 157.2 (6.189) 108.3 (4.264) 26.5 (1.043) 11.5 (0.453) 13.6 (0.535) 24.8 (0.976) 43.3 (1.705) 120.9 (4.76) 79.8 (3.142) 745.1 (29.335)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 4.9 3.7 6.5 13.0 11.1 6.2 5.2 5.0 5.1 6.8 13.6 9.0 89.7

Average relative humidity (%) 69 63 66 77 79 76 74 71 67 67 77 76 72

Mean monthly sunshine hours 282.1 265.6 263.5 204.0 179.8 159.0 124.0 124.0 168.0 213.9 204.0 254.2 2,442.1

Mean daily sunshine hours 9.1 9.4 8.5 6.8 5.8 5.3 4.0 4.0 5.6 6.9 6.8 8.2 6.7

Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst[32]

Districts and neighbourhoods[edit] Nairobi
Nairobi
is divided into a series of constituencies with each being represented by members of Parliament in the National Assembly. These constituencies are: Makadara, Kamukunji, Starehe, Langata, Dagoretti, Westlands, Kasarani, and Embakasi.[33] The main administrative divisions of Nairobi
Nairobi
are Central, Dagoretti, Embakasi, Kasarani, Kibera, Makadara, Pumwani, and Westlands. Most of the upmarket suburbs are situated to the west and north-central of Nairobi, where most European settlers resided during the colonial times AKA 'Ubabini'.[34] These include Karen, Langata, Lavington, Gigiri, Muthaiga, Brookside, Spring Valley, Loresho, Kilimani, Kileleshwa, Hurlingham, Runda, Kitisuru, Nyari, Kyuna, Lower Kabete, Westlands, and Highridge, although Kangemi, Kawangware, and Dagoretti are lower income areas close to these affluent suburbs. The city's colonial past is commemorated by many English place-names. Most lower-middle and upper middle income neighbourhoods are located in the north-central areas such as Highridge, Parklands, Ngara, Pangani, and areas to the southwest and southeast of the metropolitan area near the Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
International Airport. The most notable ones include Avenue Park, Fedha, Pipeline, Donholm, Greenfields, Nyayo, Taasia, Baraka, Nairobi
Nairobi
West, Madaraka, Siwaka, South B, South C, Mugoya, Riverbank, Hazina, Buru Buru, Uhuru, Harambee
Harambee
Civil Servants', Akiba, Kimathi, Pioneer, and Koma Rock to the centre-east and Kasarani
Kasarani
to northeast area among others. The low and lower income estates are located mainly in far eastern Nairobi. These include, Umoja, Kariokor, Dandora, Kariobangi, Kayole, Embakasi, and Huruma. Kitengela
Kitengela
suburb, though located further southeast, Ongata Rongai
Ongata Rongai
and Kiserian
Kiserian
further southwest, and Ngong/Embulbul suburbs also known as 'Diaspora' to the far west are considered part of the Greater Nairobi Metropolitan area. More than 90% of Nairobi
Nairobi
residents work within the Nairobi
Nairobi
Metropolitan area, in the formal and informal sectors. Many Somali immigrants have also settled in Eastleigh, nicknamed "Little Mogadishu".[35]

360-degree Nairobi
Nairobi
panorama

Kibera
Kibera
slum[edit] Main article: Kibera

Kibera
Kibera
slums being upgraded to New Apartment by the Kenyan Ministry of housing and United Nations Habitat

The Kibera
Kibera
slum in Nairobi
Nairobi
(with an estimated population of at least 500,000 to over 1,000,000 people) was thought to be Africa's second largest slum. However, recent census results have shown that Kibera
Kibera
is indeed much smaller than originally thought.[36] Parks and gardens[edit]

Central Park

Kenyatta Avenue with Uhuru Park
Uhuru Park
between Upper Hill and the Nairobi
Nairobi
CBD

Nairobi
Nairobi
has many parks and open spaces throughout the city. Much of the city has dense tree-cover and plenty of green spaces. The most famous park in Nairobi
Nairobi
is Uhuru Park. The park borders the central business district and the neighbourhood Upper Hill. Uhuru (Freedom in Swahili) Park is a centre for outdoor speeches, services, and rallies. The park was to be built over by former President Daniel arap Moi, who wanted the 62-storey headquarters of his party, the Kenya
Kenya
African National Union, situated in the park.[37] However, the park was saved following a campaign by Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
winner Wangari Maathai. Central Park is adjacent to Uhuru Park, and includes a memorial for Jomo Kenyatta, the first president of Kenya, and the Moi Monument, built in 1988 to commemorate the second president's first decade in power. Other notable open spaces include Jeevanjee Gardens, City Park, 7 August Memorial Park, and Nairobi
Nairobi
Arboretum. The colonial 1948 Master Plan for Nairobi
Nairobi
still acts as the governing mechanism when it comes to making decisions related to urban planning. The Master Plan at the time, which was designed for 250,000 people, allocated 28% of Nairobi's land to public space, but because of rapid population growth, much of the vitality of public spaces within the city are increasingly threatened.[38] City Park, the only natural park in Nairobi, for example, was originally 150 acres, but has since lost approximately 50 acres of land to private development through squatting and illegal alienation which began in the 1980s.[38][39] Political divisions[edit] The City of Nairobi
Nairobi
enjoys the status of a full administrative County. The Nairobi
Nairobi
province differs in several ways from other Kenyan regions. The county is entirely urban. It has only one local council, Nairobi
Nairobi
City Council. Nairobi
Nairobi
Province was not divided into "districts" until 2007, when three districts were created. In 2010, along with the new constitution, Nairobi
Nairobi
was renamed a County. Nairobi County
Nairobi County
has seventeen constituencies. Constituency name may differ from division name, such that Starehe Constituency is equal to Central Division, Lang'ata Constituency to Kibera
Kibera
division, and Kamukunji Constituency to Pumwani
Pumwani
Division in terms of boundaries. Constituencies[edit]

Co-operative Bank of Kenya
Kenya
headquarters

Nairobi
Nairobi
is divided into seventeen constituencies and eighty five wards,[40] mostly named after residential estates. Kibera
Kibera
Division, for example, includes Kibera
Kibera
(Kenya's largest slum) as well as affluent estates of Karen and Langata.

Constituency Wards

Westlands Kitisuru · Parklands/Highridge · Karura · Kangemi · Mountain View

Dagoretti North Kilimani · Kawangware · Gatina · Kileleshwa · Kabiro ·

Dagoretti South Mutu-ini · Ngand'o · Riruta · Uthiru/Ruthimitu · Waithaka ·

Langata Karen · Nairobi
Nairobi
West · Ngumo · South C · Nyayo Highrise ·

Kibra Laini Saba · Lindi · Makina · Woodley/ Kenyatta Golf Course · Sarang'ombe ·

Roysambu Roysambu · Garden Estate · Muthaiga · Ridgeways · Githurai · Kahawa West · Zimmermann · Kahawa

Kasarani Clay City · Mwiki · Kasarani · Njiru · Ruai

Ruaraka Babadogo · Utalii · Mathare
Mathare
North · Lucky Summer · Korogocho ·

Embakasi South Imara Daima · Kwa Njenga · Kwa Reuben · Pipeline · Kware ·

Embakasi North Kariobangi North · Dandora Area I · Dandora Area II · Dandora Area III · Dandora Area IV ·

Embakasi Central Kayole North · Kayole North Central · Kayole South · Komarock · Matopeni/ Spring Valley ·

Embakasi East Upper Savanna · Lower Savanna · Embakasi · Utawala · Mihang'o ·

Embakasi West Umoja I · Umoja II · Mowlem · Kariobangi South ·

Makadara Maringo/ Hamza · Viwandani · Harambee · Makongeni · Mbotela

Kamukunji Pumwani · Eastleigh North · Eastleigh South · Airbase · California ·

Starehe Nairobi
Nairobi
Central · Ngara · Pangani · Ziwani/ Kariokor · Landimawe · Nairobi
Nairobi
South ·

Mathare Hospital · Mabatini · Huruma · Ngei · Mlango Kubwa · Kiamaiko ·

Economy[edit] See also: List of companies and organizations based in Nairobi

Nairobi
Nairobi
is a major financial capital of Africa. It is also one of the most modern cities in Africa.

I&M Bank headquarters in Nairobi.

Nairobi
Nairobi
is home to the Nairobi Securities Exchange
Nairobi Securities Exchange
(NSE), one of Africa's largest. The NSE was officially recognised as an overseas stock exchange by the London Stock Exchange
London Stock Exchange
in 1953. The exchange is Africa's 4th largest in terms of trading volumes, and 5th largest in terms of Market Capitalization as a percentage of GDP.[41] Nairobi
Nairobi
is the regional headquarters of several international companies and organisations. In 2007, General Electric, Young & Rubicam, Google, Coca-Cola, IBM
IBM
Services, Airtel, and Cisco Systems relocated their African headquarters to the city.[42][43] The United Nations Office at Nairobi
Nairobi
hosts UN Environment and UN-Habitat headquarters. Several of Africa's largest companies are headquartered in Nairobi. KenGen, which is the largest African stock outside South Africa,[44] is based in the city. Kenya
Kenya
Airways, Africa's fourth largest airline, uses Nairobi's Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
International Airport as a hub. Goods manufactured in Nairobi
Nairobi
include clothing, textiles, building materials, processed foods, beverages, and cigarettes.[citation needed] Several foreign companies have factories based in and around the city. These include Goodyear, General Motors, Toyota Motors, and Coca-Cola.[citation needed] Nairobi
Nairobi
has a large tourist industry, being both a tourist destination and a transport hub.[citation needed] Central business district and skyline[edit] Nairobi
Nairobi
has grown around its central business district. This takes a rectangular shape, around the Uhuru Highway, Haille Selassie Avenue, Moi Avenue, and University Way. It features many of Nairobi's important buildings, including the City Hall and Parliament Building. The city square is also located within the perimeter. Most of the skyscrapers in this region are the headquarters of businesses and corporations, such as I&M and the Kenyatta International Conference Centre. The United States
United States
Embassy bombing took place in this district, prompting the building of a new embassy building in the suburbs. In 2011, the city was considered to be about 4 million residents. A large beautification project took place in the Central Business District, as the city prepared to host the 2006 Afri-Cities summit. Iconic buildings such as the Kenyatta International Conference Centre had their exteriors cleaned and repainted.[45] Nairobi
Nairobi
downtown area or central business district is bordered to the southwest by Uhuru Park
Uhuru Park
and Central Park. The Mombasa
Mombasa
to Kampala railway runs to the southeast of the district.

Panorama of Kenyatta Avenue, Nairobi
Nairobi
CBD's main street

Upper Hill[edit] Main article: Upper Hill, Nairobi Today, many businesses are considering relocating and /or establishing their headquarters outside the Central Business District area. This is because land is cheaper, and better facilities can easily be built and maintained elsewhere. Two areas that are seeing a growth in companies and office space are Upper Hill, which is located, approximately 4 km (2.5 mi) from the Central Business District and Westlands, which is also about the same distance, away from the city centre. Companies that have moved from the Central Business District to Upper Hill include Citibank
Citibank
and in 2007, Coca-Cola
Coca-Cola
began construction of their East and Central African headquarters in Upper Hill,[46] cementing the district as the preferred location for office space in Nairobi. The largest office development in this area is UAP Tower, a recently completed 33-storey tower at 163 meters high. The World Bank and International Finance Corporation
International Finance Corporation
(part of the World Bank
World Bank
Group) are also located in Upper Hill at the Delta Center, Menegai Road. Earlier on, they were located in the Hill Park Building and CBA Building respectively(both also in Upper Hill), and prior to that in View Park towers in the Central Business District. To accommodate the large demand for floor space in Nairobi, various commercial projects are being constructed. New business parks are being built in the city, including the flagship Nairobi
Nairobi
Business Park.

Nairobi
Nairobi
panorama, viewed from Westlands

Construction boom and real estate development projects

A view of Nairobi
Nairobi
from the Kenyatta International Conference Centre

Nairobi
Nairobi
is currently undergoing a construction boom. Major real estate projects and skyscrapers are coming up in the city. Among them are: Hass twin towers which will tower at 212m, Britam Tower
Britam Tower
(198m), Avic International Africa headquarters (176m), Prism tower (140m), Pan Africa insurance towers, Pallazzo offices, and many other projects. Shopping malls are also being constructed like the recently completed Garden city Mall, Centum's Two rivers Mall, The Hub in Karen, Karen waterfront, Thika
Thika
Greens, and the recently reconstructed Westgate Mall. High-class residential apartments for living are coming up like Le Mac towers, a residential tower in Westlands
Westlands
Nairobi
Nairobi
with 23 floors. Avic International is also putting up a total of four residential apartments on Waiyaki way: a 28-level tower, two 24-level towers, and a 25-level tower. Hotel towers are also being erected in the city. Avic International is putting up a 30-level hotel tower of 141m in the Westlands. The hotel tower will be operated by Marriot group. Jabavu limited is constructing a 35 floor hotel tower in Upper Hill which will be high over 140 metres in the city skyline. Arcon Group Africa has also announced plans to erect a skyscraper in Upper hill which will have 66 floors and tower over 290 metres, further cementing Upper hill as the preferred metropolis for multinational corporations launching their operations in the Kenyan capital.

Nairobi's tallest skyscrapers[47]

Pinnacle Towers 274 m (899 ft)

UAP Tower 163 m (535 ft)

Times Tower 140 m (460 ft)

Teleposta Towers 120 m (390 ft)

Kenyatta International Conference Centre   105 m (344 ft)

NSSF Building 103 m (338 ft)

I&M Bank Tower 100 m (330 ft)

Nyayo House 84 m (276 ft)

Cooperative Bank House 83 m (272 ft)

National Bank House 82 m (269 ft)

Hazina Towers 81 m (266 ft)

Rahimtulla Tower 80 m (260 ft)

Tourism[edit]

A giraffe at Nairobi
Nairobi
National Park, with Nairobi's skyline in background

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Nairobi
Nairobi
is one of the few cities in the world with a national park within its boundaries, making it a prime tourist destination as well, with several other tourist attractions. The most famous is the Nairobi National Park, the only game reserve of this nature to border a capital city, or any major city. The park contains many animals including lions, giraffes, and black rhinos. The park is home to over 400 species of birds. The Nairobi
Nairobi
Safari Walk is a major attraction to the Nairobi National Park
Nairobi National Park
as it offers a rare on-foot experience of the animals.[48] Nairobi
Nairobi
is home to several museums, sites, and monuments. The Nairobi National Museum is the country's national museum and the largest in the city. It houses a large collection of artefacts portraying Kenya's rich heritage through history, nature, culture, and contemporary art. It also includes the full remains of a homo erectus popularly known as the Turkana boy. Other prominent museums include the Nairobi
Nairobi
Gallery, Nairobi
Nairobi
Railway Museum, and the Karen Blixen
Karen Blixen
Museum located in the affluent Karen suburb. Uhuru Gardens, a national monument and the largest memorial park in Kenya, is also the place where the first Kenyan flag was raised at independence. It is located along Langata road near the Wilson Airport.

The Sarova Stanley

Nairobi
Nairobi
is nicknamed the Safari Capital of the World or the Green City in the Sun, and has many hotels to cater for safari-bound tourists. Five-star hotels in Nairobi
Nairobi
include the Nairobi
Nairobi
Serena, Laico Regency (formerly Grand Regency Hotel), Windsor (Karen), Holiday Inn, Nairobi Safari Club (Lilian Towers), The Sarova Stanley Hotel, Safari Park & Casino, InterContinental, Panari Hotel, Hilton, and the Norfolk Hotel. Other newer ones include the Crowne Plaza Hotel Nairobi
Nairobi
in Upper Hill area, the Sankara Nairobi
Nairobi
in Westlands, Tribe Hotel-Village Market, House of Wayne, The Eastland Hotel, Ole Sereni, and The Boma located along Mombasa
Mombasa
Highway. International chains apart from the Hilton, the Intercontinental group, and Serena Hotels are also setting up properties in Nairobi
Nairobi
city. Upcoming establishments include Radisson Blu and the upscale boutique Bidwood Suite Hotel in Westlands, which are nearing completion. The Best Western Premier- Nairobi
Nairobi
and The Villa Rosa Kempinski
Kempinski
have been completed and opened. Nairobi
Nairobi
is also home to the largest ice rink in Africa: the Solar Ice Rink at the Panari Hotel's Sky Centre. The rink, opened in 2005, covers 15,000 square feet (1,400 m2) and can accommodate 200 people.[49] Shopping malls in Nairobi
Nairobi
include the Greenspan Mall (Donholm), Yaya Centre (Hurlingham), Sarit Centre
Sarit Centre
(Westlands), Westgate Shopping Mall (Westlands), ABC Place (Westlands), The Village Market
The Village Market
(Gigiri), Junction Shopping Mall (Ngong Road), Prestige Plaza (Ngong Road), Crossroads Shopping Centre (Karen), T-Mall (Langata), Garden City Mall ( Thika
Thika
Road) and Thika
Thika
Road Mall ( Thika
Thika
Road). Nakumatt, Uchumi, and Tuskys, Naivas are the largest supermarket chains with modern stores throughout the city.

Woodvale Grove, Westlands

The Nairobi Java House is a coffee house and restaurant chain with branches located around the city including one at the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport. Other coffee chains include Art Caffe, Dormans Coffee House and Savannah, which is part of Sasini Tea. Nairobi's night life is popular with tourists, young and old. From a collection of gourmet restaurants offering local and international cuisine, Nairobi
Nairobi
has something to offer to every age and pocket. Most common known food establishments include The Carnivore and The Tamarind Restaurants which have outlets in Langata, City Centre, and the Village Market. For those more discerning travellers, one can choose from a wide array of local cuisine, Mediterranean, fast food, Ethiopian, and Arabian. The city's nightlife is mostly centred along friends and colleagues meeting after work especially on Fridays – commonly known as "Furahiday" (Happy Day), theme nights, events and concerts, and Shisha cafés. The most popular clubbing spots are centred in upmarket Westlands
Westlands
which has come to be known as "Electric Avenue", Karen, Langata, Hurlingham, and "uptown" venues in the city centre. Nairobians generally go out every day of the week and most establishments are open till late. Other sites include Jomo Kenyatta's Mausoleum, Kenya
Kenya
National Theatre, and the Kenya
Kenya
National Archives. Art galleries in Nairobi
Nairobi
include the Rahimtulla Museum of Modern Art (Ramoma), the Mizizi Arts Centre, and the Nairobi
Nairobi
National Museum. Places of interest[edit]

Bomas of Kenya City Park David Sheldrick Centre Florida Discothèque (demolished) Garden City Shopping Complex Giraffe Centre Karen Blixen
Karen Blixen
Home Karen Blixen
Karen Blixen
Museum Kenyatta International Conference Centre
Kenyatta International Conference Centre
Rooftop and View of City Skyline Nairobi
Nairobi
Mamba Village Nairobi
Nairobi
National Museum Nairobi National Park
Nairobi National Park
(incl. Nairobi
Nairobi
Safari Walk) Oloo's Children Center in Kibera
Kibera
Slums Ngong Racecourse Splash Water World The Nairobi
Nairobi
Arboretum The Carnivore The Karura
Karura
Forest The Memorial Park Garden The National Council of Churches of Kenya
Kenya
HQ, Hurlingham Uhuru Gardens Uhuru Park United Nations Office at Nairobi Utamaduni Craft Centre

Demographics[edit]

Population of Nairobi
Nairobi
between 1906 and 2009.

Nairobi
Nairobi
has experienced one of the highest growth rates of any city in Africa. Since its foundation in 1899, Nairobi
Nairobi
has grown to become the second largest city in the African Great Lakes, despite being one of youngest cities in the region. The growth rate of Nairobi
Nairobi
is currently 4.1% a year.[50] It is estimated that Nairobi's population will reach 5 million in 2025.[51] These data fit remarkably closely (r^2 = 0.9994) to a logistic curve with t(0) = 1900, P(0)=8500, r = 0.059 and K = 8,000,000. This suggests a current (2011) growth rate of 3.5% (the CIA estimate of 4.5% cited above would have been true in 2005). According to this curve, the population of the city will be below 4 million in 2015, and will reach 5 million in 2025. Given this high population growth, owing itself both to urban migration and high birth rates, the economy has yet to catch up. Unemployment is estimated at 40% within the city, mainly in the high-density, low income areas of the city which can make them seem even denser than the higher-income neighborhoods.[52] Society and culture[edit]

Basilica of the Holy Family in Nairobi

Nairobi
Nairobi
is a cosmopolitan and multicultural city. The names of some of its suburbs, including Hurlingham and Parklands reflect Nairobi's early history of colonial occupation. By the mid twentieth century, many foreigners settled in Nairobi
Nairobi
from other parts of the British Empire, primarily India and parts of (present-day) Pakistan.[citation needed] These immigrants were workers who arrived to construct the Kampala
Kampala
Mombasa
Mombasa
railway, settling in Nairobi
Nairobi
after its completion, and also merchants from Gujarat. Nairobi also has established communities from Somalia
Somalia
and Sudan.[citation needed] There are a number of churches, mosques, temples, and gurdwaras within the city. Prominent places of worship in Nairobi
Nairobi
include the Cathedral Basilica of the Holy Family, All Saints Cathedral, Ismaili Jamat Khana, and Jamia Mosque. Nairobi
Nairobi
has two informal nicknames. The first is "The Green City in the Sun", which is derived from the city's foliage and warm climate.[53] The second is the "Safari Capital of the World", which is used due to Nairobi's prominence as a hub for safari tourism.[54] There are a number of shopping malls in the Nairobi
Nairobi
Area. These include: Garden city mall, Thika
Thika
road mall (TRM), the West Gate mall, Prestige Plaza, the Village Market, the Sarit Centre, the Junction, Rosslyn Riviera mall, Two Rivers mall. A variety of amenities are provided at these malls and include: cinemas, fashion and apparel retailers, bookshops, electronics and grocery stores, coffeehouses, restaurants and bars. Literature and film[edit]

Nairobi
Nairobi
Cinema

Kwani? is Kenya's first literary journal and was established by writers living in Nairobi. Nairobi's publishing houses have also produced the works of some of Kenya's authors, including Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o and Meja Mwangi who were part of post-colonial writing. Many film makers also practice their craft out of Nairobi. Film-making is still young in the country, but people like producer Njeri Karago and director Judy Kibinge are paving the way for others. Perhaps the most famous book and film set in Nairobi
Nairobi
is Out of Africa. The book was written by Karen Blixen, whose pseudonym was Isak Dinesen, and it is her account of living in Kenya. Karen Blixen
Karen Blixen
lived in the Nairobi
Nairobi
area from 1917 to 1931. The neighbourhood in which she lived, Karen, is named after her. In 1985, Out of Africa
Out of Africa
was made into a film, directed by Sydney Pollack. The film won 28 awards, including seven Academy Awards. The popularity of the film prompted the opening of Nairobi's Karen Blixen Museum. Nairobi
Nairobi
is also the setting of many of the novels of Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, Kenya's foremost writer. Nairobi
Nairobi
has been the set of several other American and British films. The most recent of these was The Constant Gardener (2005), a large part of which was filmed in the city. The story revolves around a British diplomat in Nairobi
Nairobi
whose wife is murdered in northern Kenya. Much of the filming was in the Kibera
Kibera
slum. Among the latest Kenyan actors in Hollywood who identify with Nairobi is Lupita Nyong'o. Lupita received an Oscar award for best supporting actress in her role as Patsy in the film 12 Years a Slave
12 Years a Slave
during the 86th Academy Awards
Academy Awards
at the Dolby theatre in Los Angeles. Lupita is the daughter of Kenyan politician Peter Anyang' Nyong'o Most new Hollywood films are nowadays screened at Nairobi's cinemas. Up until the early 1990s, there were only a few film theatres and the repertoire was limited. There are also two drive-in cinemas in Nairobi. In 2015 and 2016, Nairobi
Nairobi
was the focus point for the American television series Sense8
Sense8
which shot its first and second seasons partly in the city. The TV series has high reviews in The Internet Movie Database (IMDB). In 2015 Nairobi
Nairobi
was also featured in the British thriller film Eye in the Sky (2015 film), which is a story about a lieutenant general and a colonel who faced political opposition after ordering a drone missile strike to take out a group of suicide bombers in Nairobi, Kenya. Food[edit] In Nairobi, there is a range of restaurants and, besides being home to nyama choma which is a local term used to refer to roasted meat, there are American fast food restaurants such as KFC, Subway, Dominos Pizza, Pizza Hut, Hardee's
Hardee's
and Burger King
Burger King
which are popular, and the longer established South African chains, Galittos, Steers, PizzaMojo, Spur Steak Ranches.[55] Coffee houses, doubling up as restaurants, mostly frequented by the upper middle classes, such as Artcaffe, Nairobi
Nairobi
Java House and Dormans have become increasingly popular in recent days. Traditional food joints such as the popular K'osewe's in the city centre and Amaica, which specialise in African delicacies are also widepsread. The Kenchic franchise which specialised in old-school chicken and chips meals was also popular, particularly among the lower classes and students, with restaurants all over the city and its suburbs. However, as at February 2016, Kenchic stopped operating its eatery businesses. Upscale restaurants specialising in specific cuisines, ranging from Italian, Lebanese, Ethiopian, French and seafood are more likely to be found in five star hotels and the wealthier suburbs in the West and South of the city. Nairobi
Nairobi
has an annual restaurant week (NRW) at the beginning of the year, January–February. Nairobi's restaurants offer dining packages at reduced prices.[56] NRW is managed by Eatout Kenya
Kenya
which is an online platform that lists and reviews restaurants in Nairobi, and provides a platform for Kenyan foodies to congregate and share. Music[edit] Nairobi
Nairobi
is the centre of Kenya's music scene. Benga is a Kenyan genre which was developed in Nairobi. The style is a fusion of jazz and Luo music forms. Mugithi is another popular genre in Kenya, with its origins in the central parts of the country. A majority of music videos of leading local musicians are also filmed in the city. In the 1970s, Nairobi
Nairobi
became the prominent centre for music in the African Great Lakes. During this period, Nairobi
Nairobi
was established as a hub of soukous music. This genre was originally developed in Kinshasa and Brazzaville. After the political climate in the region deteriorated, many Congolese artists relocated to Nairobi. Artists such as Orchestra Super Mazembe moved from Congo to Nairobi
Nairobi
and found great success.[57] Virgin records
Virgin records
became aware of the popularity of the genre and signed recording contracts with several soukous artists. More recently, Nairobi
Nairobi
has become the centre of the Kenyan hip hop scene, with Kalamashaka, Gidi Gidi Majimaji being the pioneers of urban music in Kenyan. The genre has become very popular amongst local youth, and domestic musicians have become some of the most popular in the region.[citation needed] Successful artists based in Nairobi include Jua Cali, Nonini, Camp Mulla, Juliani, Eric Wainaina, Suzanna Owinyo and Nameless. Popular Record labels include Ogopa DJs, Grand Pa Records, Main Switch, Red Black and Green Republik, Calif Records and Bornblack Music Group. Many foreign musicians who tour Africa perform in Nairobi. Bob Marley's first-ever visit to Africa started in Nairobi. Acts that have performed in Nairobi
Nairobi
include Lost Boyz, Wyclef Jean, Shaggy, Akon, Eve, T.O.K, Sean Paul, Wayne Wonder, Alaine, Konshens, Ja Rule, and Morgan Heritage, and Cabo Snoop. Other international musicians who have performed in Nairobi
Nairobi
include the rocking show by Don Carlos, Demarco, Busy Signal, Mr. Vegas and the Elephant man crew. Nairobi, including the coastal towns of Mombasa
Mombasa
and Diani, have recently become the centre of Electronic Dance Music (EDM) in Kenya, which includes Trance, Techno, House, Progressive, Drum & Bass, and Dubstep.[citation needed] Prominent international composers & DJs have graced their presence in these cities, including Kyau & Albert, Solarity, Ronski Speed, and Boom Jinx. Many nightclubs in and around the city have witnessed a growth in the population that exclusively listen to Electronic Dance Music, especially amongst the younger generations[neutrality is disputed]. These youth also support many local EDM producers & DJs, such as Jahawi, Mikhail Kuzi, Barney Barrow, Jack Rooster, HennessyLive, Trancephilic5[58] As well as up and comers such as L.A Dave, Eric K, Raj El Rey, Tom Parker and more.[dubious – discuss] Gospel music is also very popular in Nairobi
Nairobi
just as in the rest of Kenya, with gospel artistes having a great impact in the mostly Christian city .[citation needed] Artistes such as Esther Wahome, Eunice Njeri, Daddy Owen, Emmy Kosgei and the late Angela Chibalonza, among others, have a great pull over the general population while others like MOG, Juliani, Ecko dyda, DK Kwenye Beat have great influence over the younger generation. Their concerts are also very popular and they have as much influence as the great secular artistes.[citation needed]The most popular being Groove tours, TSO (Totally Sold Out) new year concerts. Musical group Sauti Sol
Sauti Sol
performed for U.S. President Barack Obama
Barack Obama
when he was in the city for the 2015 Global Entrepreneurship summit.[59] Sport[edit] Nairobi
Nairobi
is the African Great Lakes
African Great Lakes
region's sporting centre. The premier sports facility in Nairobi
Nairobi
and generally in Kenya
Kenya
is the Moi International Sports Centre in the suburb of Kasarani. The complex was completed in 1987, and was used to host the 1987 All Africa Games. The complex comprises a 60,000 seater stadium, the second largest in the African Great Lakes
African Great Lakes
(after Tanzania's new national stadium), a 5,000 seater gymnasium, and a 2,000 seater aquatics centre.[60] The Nyayo National Stadium
Nyayo National Stadium
is Nairobi's second largest stadium renowned for hosting global rugby event under the "Safaricom Sevens." Completed in 1983, the stadium has a capacity of 30,000.[61] This stadium is primarily used for football. The facility is located close to the Central Business District, which makes it a convenient location for political gatherings. Nairobi City Stadium is the city's first stadium, and used for club football. Nairobi
Nairobi
Gymkhana is the home of the Kenyan cricket team, and was a venue for the 2003 Cricket World Cup. Notable annual events staged in Nairobi
Nairobi
include Safari Rally
Safari Rally
(although it lost its World Rally Championship status in 2003), Safari Sevens
Safari Sevens
rugby union tournament, and Nairobi
Nairobi
Marathon. Football is the most popular sport in the city by viewership and participation. This is highlighted by the number of football clubs in the city, including Kenyan Premier League
Kenyan Premier League
sides Gor Mahia, A.F.C. Leopards, Tusker and Mathare
Mathare
United. There are six golf courses within a 20 km radius of Nairobi.[62] The oldest 18-hole golf course in the city is the Royal Nairobi
Nairobi
Golf Club. It was established in 1906 by the British, just seven years after the city was founded. Other notable golf clubs include the Windsor Country Club, Karen Country Club, and Muthaiga
Muthaiga
Golf Club. The Kenya
Kenya
Open golf tournament, which is part of the Challenge Tour, takes place in Nairobi.[63] The Ngong Racecourse in Nairobi
Nairobi
is the centre of horse racing in Kenya.[64] Rugby is also a popular sport in Nairobi
Nairobi
with 8 of the 12 top flight clubs based here. Basketball is also a popular Sport played in the City's Primary, Secondary and College leagues. Most of the City's Urban youth and are basketball fans and watch the American NBA. Education[edit] The majority of schools follow either the Kenyan Curriculum or the British Curriculum. There is also International School of Kenya
Kenya
which follows the North American Curriculum and the German school in Gigiri. Kenya
Kenya
High School, one of the schools in Kenya, is located in Nairobi. Higher education[edit] Nairobi
Nairobi
is home to several Universities and Colleges.

The University of Nairobi
University of Nairobi
is the largest and oldest university in Kenya. It was established in 1956, as part of the University of East Africa, but became an independent university in 1970. The university has approximately 84,000 students.[65] Kenyatta University
Kenyatta University
is situated 16 km (9.9 mi) from Nairobi on the Nairobi
Nairobi
Thika
Thika
dual carriageway on 1,100 acres (4.5 km2) of land. The university was chartered in 1985, offering mainly education-related courses, but has since diversified, offering medicine, environmental studies, engineering, law, business, statistics, agriculture, and economics. It has a student body of about 32,000, the bulk of whom (17,000) are in the main ( Kahawa Sukari) campus. Currently it is one of the fastest growing public universities. Strathmore University
Strathmore University
started in 1961 as an Advanced Level (UK) Sixth Form College offering Science and Arts subjects. The college started to admit accountancy students in March 1966, and thus became a university. In January 1993, Strathmore College merged with Kianda College and moved to Ole Sangale Road, Madaraka Estate, Nairobi. United States International University
United States International University
Nairobi
Nairobi
was originally a branch of the United States
United States
International University, but became a fully autonomous university in 2005. It was first established in 1969. The university has accreditation from the Western Association of Schools and Colleges, in USA, and the Government of Kenya. It is located in a quiet west side location of Kasarani
Kasarani
area north-central Nairobi
Nairobi
opposite the Safari Park Hotel. In 2005, The Aga Khan Hospital, Nairobi
Nairobi
was upgraded to a health sciences teaching hospital, providing post graduate education in medicine and surgery including nursing education, henceforth renamed the Aga Khan University Hospital. The Catholic University of Eastern Africa
Catholic University of Eastern Africa
located in Langata
Langata
suburb, obtained its "Letter of Interim Authority" in 1989. Following negotiations between the Authority of the Graduate School of Theology and the Commission for Higher Education (CHIEA), the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences was established three years later, culminating in the granting of the Civil Charter to CHIEA on 3 November 1992. The Technical University of Kenya
Kenya
(formerly Kenya
Kenya
Polytechnic) is the only Technical University in the country. Established in 1961 as the Kenya
Kenya
Technical Institute, the University was chartered by Mwai Kibaki in 2013 to become an independent institution of higher learning (It was previously a constituent college of the University of Nairobi). It offers highly technical degree courses in three faculties: Engineering and Built Environment, Applied Sciences and Technologies, and Social Sciences and Technologies. KCA University (formerly the Kenya
Kenya
College of Accountancy), located in Ruaraka. The Presbyterian University of East Africa
East Africa
(PUEA) is also another Institution of higher learning that is located in the town. It has several campuses around the town. Pan African Christian University
Pan African Christian University
in Kasarani. East Africa
East Africa
Institute of Certified Studies (well known as ICS College) is located at Stanbank House with branches in Mombasa
Mombasa
and Kisumu. Compugoal College

Numerous other universities have also opened satellite campuses in Nairobi. The Railways Training Institute established in 1956, is also a notable institution of higher learning with a campus in Nairobi. Infrastructure[edit] Transport[edit]

Syokimau
Syokimau
Railway Station

Major plans are being implemented in the need to decongest the city's traffic and the completion of Thika
Thika
Road has given the city a much needed face-lift attributed to road's enhancement of global standards. Several projects have been completed ( Syokimau
Syokimau
Rail Station, the Eastern and Northern Bypasses) while numerous other projects are still underway. The country's head of state announced (when he opened Syokimau
Syokimau
Rail Service) that Kenya
Kenya
was collaborating with other countries in the region to develop railway infrastructure to improve regional connectivity under the ambitious LAPPSET project which is the single largest and most expensive in the continent. Kenya
Kenya
signed a bilateral agreement with Uganda
Uganda
to facilitate joint development of the Mombasa-Malaba- Kampala
Kampala
standard gauge railway. A branch line will also be extended to Kisumu. Similarly, Kenya
Kenya
signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Government of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
for the development of Lamu-Addis Ababa standard gauge railway. Under the Lamu-South Sudan
Sudan
and Ethiopia Transport Corridor Project, the development of a railway component is among the priority projects. The development of these critical transport facilities will, besides reducing transport costs due to faster movement of goods and people within the region, also increase trade, improve the socio-economic welfare of Northern Kenya
Kenya
and boost the country's potential in attracting investments from all over the world. The first phase of the Standard Gauge Railway project was launched on 31 May 2017 by the President of Kenya
Kenya
Uhuru Kenyatta
Uhuru Kenyatta
in a ceremony that saw thousands of Kenyans ride on the inaugural trip free of charge. The two passenger locomotives christened Madaraka Express currently operate daily trips between Nairobi
Nairobi
and Mombasa
Mombasa
with the fixed departure time of 9:00 AM.

Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
International Airport

Airports[edit] Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
International Airport is the largest airport in East and Central Africa. Domestic travelers made up 40% of overall passengers in 2016. An increase of 32% in 5 yrs since 2012. JKIA had more than 7 million passengers going through it in 2016. In February 2017, JKIA received a Category One Status from the FAA
FAA
boosting the airport's status as a Regional Aviation hub.[66] Wilson Airport
Wilson Airport
is a general-aviation airport handling smaller aircraft, mostly propeller-driven. In July 2016, construction of a new Air Traffic Control Tower commenced at a cost of KES 163 Million (approximately USD 1.63 million)[67] Eastleigh Airport
Eastleigh Airport
is a military base airport. In its earlier years, it was utilised as a landing strip in the pre-jet airline era. It was mostly used as a British Passenger and mail route from Southampton
Southampton
to Cape Town
Cape Town
in the 1930s & 1940's. This route was served by flying boats between Britain and Kisumu
Kisumu
and then by land-based aircraft on the routes to the south. Matatu[edit] Main article: Matatu Matatus are the most common form of public transport in Nairobi. Matatu, which literally translates to "three cents for a ride" (nowadays much more) are privately owned minibuses, and the most popular form of local transport,[68] and generally seat fourteen to twenty-four. Matatus operate within Nairobi, its environs and suburbs and from Nairobi
Nairobi
to other towns around the country. The matatu's route is imprinted along a yellow stripe on the side of the bus, and matatus plying specific routes have specific route numbers. However, in November 2014 President Uhuru Kenyatta
Uhuru Kenyatta
lifted the ban on the yellow stripe and allowed matatus to maintain the colourful graphics in an effort to support the youth in creating employment. Matatus in Nairobi were easily distinguishable by their extravagant paint schemes, as owners would paint their matatu with various colourful decorations, such as their favourite football team or hip hop artist. More recently, some have even painted Barack Obama's face on their vehicle. They are notorious for their poor safety records, which are a result of overcrowding and reckless driving.[citation needed] Due to the intense competition between matatus, many are equipped with powerful sound systems and television screens to attract more customers.

However, in 2004, a law was passed requiring all matatus to include seat belts and speed governors and to be painted with a yellow stripe.[69] At first, this caused a furore amongst Matatu
Matatu
operators, but they were pressured by government and the public to make the changes. Matatus are now limited to 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph). However, many of the matatu vehicles have had their speed governors disabled, which is evident by them travelling at speeds well over 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph). In December 2010, the Government embarked on a policy to phase out matatus as a means of public transport. Consequently, no new matatus are licensed to operate from January 2011 while the current ones will be allowed to live out their lifespan; a move aimed at enhancing the safety of citizens and visitors as well. However, the matatus continue to occupy the road ways in large numbers contributing to the congestion of Nairobi. Buses[edit] Buses are increasingly becoming common in the city with some even going to the extents of installing complimentary WiFi systems in partnership with the leading mobile service provider. There are four major bus companies operating the city routes and are the traditional Kenya
Kenya
Bus Service (KBS), and newer private operators Citi Hoppa, Compliant MOA and Double M. The Citi Hoppa buses are distinguishable by their green livery, the Double M buses are painted purple, Compliant MOA by their distinctively screaming names and mix of white, blue colours while the KBS buses are painted blue.

Public Transport in Nairobi

Companies such as Easy Coach, Crown Bus, Coast Bus, Modern Coast, Eldoret
Eldoret
Express, Chania, the Guardian Angel, Spanish and Mash Poa run scheduled buses and luxury coaches to other cities and towns. Trains[edit] Nairobi
Nairobi
was founded as a railway town, and the main headquarters of Kenya
Kenya
Railways (KR) is still situated at Nairobi
Nairobi
railway station, which is located near the city centre. The line runs through Nairobi, from Mombasa
Mombasa
to Kampala. Its main use is freight traffic connecting Nairobi
Nairobi
to Mombasa
Mombasa
and Kisumu. A number of morning and evening commuter trains connect the centre with the suburbs, but the city has no proper light rail, tramway, or rapid transit lines. A proposal has been passed for the construction of a commuter rail line. The country's third president since independence, President Mwai Kibaki
Mwai Kibaki
on Tuesday, 13 November 2012 launched the Syokimau
Syokimau
Rail Service marking a major milestone in the history of railway development in the country. The opening of the station marked another milestone in efforts to realise various projects envisaged under the Vision 2030 Economic Blueprint. The new station has a train that ferries passengers from Syokimau
Syokimau
to the city centre cutting travel time by half. Opening of the station marks the completion of the first phase of the Sh24b Nairobi
Nairobi
Commuter Rail Network that is geared at easing traffic congestion in Nairobi, blamed for huge economic losses. Other modern stations include Imara Daima Railway Station and Makadara Railway Station. The new Mombasa-Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway connects the port city of Mombasa
Mombasa
and Nairobi. The new railway line has replaced the 1900 metre-gauge railway. The Nairobi
Nairobi
Terminus is located at Syokimau, some 20 km from the city centre. Passengers travelling from Mombasa are usually transferred from the metre-gauge trains to the CBD. Roads[edit]

Museum hill interchange, where uhuru highway links to forest road which is an extension of the Thika
Thika
superhighway.Nairobi's tall skyscrapers can be seen on the background.

The A104 heading to Nairobi
Nairobi
CBD

Nairobi
Nairobi
is served by highways that link Mombasa
Mombasa
to Kampala
Kampala
in Uganda and Arusha in Tanzania. These are earmarked to ease the daily motor traffic within and surrounding the metro area. However, driving in Nairobi
Nairobi
is chaotic. Most of the roads are tarmacked and there are signs showing directions to certain neighbourhoods. The city is connected to the Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
International Airport by the Mombasa Highway, which passes through Industrial Area, South B, South C and Embakasi. Ongata Rongai, Langata
Langata
and Karen are connected to the city centre by Langata
Langata
Road, which runs to the south. Lavington, Riverside, Westlands, etc. are connected by Waiyaki Way. Kasarani, Eastlands, and Embakasi are connected by Thika
Thika
Road, Jogoo Road, and Outer Ring Road. Highways connect the city with other major towns such as Mombasa, Machakos, Voi, (A109), Kisumu, Nakuru, Eldoret, Namanga
Namanga
Border Tanzania(A104) etc. Nairobi
Nairobi
is currently undergoing major road constructions to update its infrastructure network. The new systems of roads, flyovers, and bridges would cut outrageous traffic levels caused the inability of the current infrastructure to cope with the soaring economic growth in the past few years. It is also a major component of Kenya's Vision 2030 and Nairobi
Nairobi
Metropolis plans. Most roads now, though, are well lit and surfaced with adequate signage.

Eastern Bypass, Nairobi

The proposed Nairobi
Nairobi
Bypasses are currently under construction by the Kenyan government and financed by Chinese Government. Their construction seeks to ease congestion in Nairobi's downtown area and the surrounding suburbs. The Bypasses will comprise the:

Northern bypass – linking Limuru
Limuru
road to Thika
Thika
Road Eastern bypass – linking Mombasa
Mombasa
road to Ruiru- Kiambu
Kiambu
road near Kamiti prison Southern bypass – run from Kikuyu to Mombasa
Mombasa
road via Ngong road & Langata

Private Car Population Projection for Nairobi[edit]

YEAR 2004 2010 2015 2025

Number Of Private Cars 207,339 327,366 486,207 716,138[70]

Water supply and sanitation[edit] Further information: Water supply and sanitation in Nairobi 94% of the piped water supply for Nairobi
Nairobi
comes from rivers and reservoirs in the Aberdare Range
Aberdare Range
north of the city, of which the reservoir of the Thika
Thika
Dam is the most important one. Water distribution losses – technically called non-revenue water – are 40%, and only 40% of those with house connections receive water continuously. Slum
Slum
residents receive water through water kiosks and end up paying much higher water prices than those fortunate enough to have access to piped water at their residence. In the middle of a severe drought, the board of the Nairobi
Nairobi
City Water and Sewerage Company was sacked July 2009 for "malpractices", following the publication of a report by Transparency International- Kenya
Kenya
and the Kenyan NGO Maji Na Ufanisi (Water and Development). The report had found cases of bribery for illegal connections, tampering with meter readings, and diversion of water from domestic users to industries in five cities, with the highest incidence of bribery in Nairobi.[71] Housing[edit]

Nairobi
Nairobi
Metro Map Nairobi County
Nairobi County
(red) Kajiado County
Kajiado County
(green) Machakos
Machakos
County (yellow) Kiambu County
Kiambu County
(purple)

There is wide variety regarding standards of living in Nairobi. Most wealthy Kenyans live in Nairobi, but the majority of Nairobians are average and poor. Half of the population have been estimated to live in slums which cover just 5% of the city area.[72] The growth of these slums is a result of urbanisation, poor town planning, and the unavailability of loans for low income earners.[citation needed] Kibera
Kibera
is one of the largest slums in Africa,[73] and is situated to the west of Nairobi. ( Kibera
Kibera
comes from the Nubian word Kibra, meaning "forest" or "jungle").[74] The slums cover two square kilometres[75] and are on government land. Kibera
Kibera
has been the setting for several films, the most recent being The Constant Gardener. Other notable slums include Mathare
Mathare
and Korogocho. Altogether, 66 areas are counted as slums within Nairobi.[76] Many Nairobi
Nairobi
non-slum-dwellers live in relatively good housing conditions. Large houses can be found in many of the upmarket neighbourhoods, especially to the west of Nairobi. Historically, British occupiers have settled in Gigiri, Muthaiga, Langata
Langata
and Karen. Other middle and high income estates include Parklands, Westlands, Hurlingham, Kilimani, Milimani, Spring Valley, Lavington, Rosslyn, Kitisuru, and Nairobi
Nairobi
Hill. To accommodate the growing middle class, many new apartments and housing developments are being built in and around the city. The most notable development is Greenpark, at Athi River, Machakos
Machakos
County 25 km (16 mi) from Nairobi's Central Business District. Over 5,000 houses, villas and apartments are being constructed at this development, including leisure, retail and commercial facilities.[77] The development is being marketed to families, as are most others within the city. Eastlands also houses most of the city's middle class and includes South C, South B, Embakasi, Buru Buru, Komarock, Donholm, Umoja, and various others. Crime and law enforcement[edit] Throughout the 1990s, Nairobi
Nairobi
had struggled with rising crime, earning a reputation for being a dangerous city and the nickname "Nairobbery," a name which persists today.[78] On 7 August 1998, the US Embassy was bombed,[79] killing 224 people and injuring 4000. In 2001, the United Nations International Civil Service Commission rated Nairobi
Nairobi
as among the most insecure cities in the world, classifying the city as "status C". In the United Nations report, it was stated that in 2001, nearly one third of all Nairobi
Nairobi
residents experienced some form of robbery in the city.[80] The head of one development agency cited the notoriously high levels of violent armed robberies, burglaries, and carjackings.[81] Crime had risen in Nairobi
Nairobi
as a result of unplanned urbanisation, with a minimal number of police stations and a proper security infrastructure. However, many claim[citation needed] that the biggest factor for the city's alarming crime rate is police corruption, which leaves many criminals unpunished. As a security precaution, most large houses have a watch guard, burglar grills, and dogs to patrol their grounds during the night.[citation needed] Most crimes, however, occur around the poor neighbourhoods where it gets dangerous during night hours.[citation needed] In 2006, crime decreased in the city,[82] due to increased security and an improved police presence. Despite this, in 2007, the Kenyan government and US State Department have announced that Nairobi
Nairobi
is experiencing a greater level of violent crime than in previous years.[83] Since then, the government has taken measures to combat crime with heavy police presence in and around the city while US government has updated its travel warning for the country. Following a grenade attack in October 2011 by a local Kenyan man, with terrorist links,[84] the city faced a heightened security presence.[85] Fears spread over further promised retaliations by the Al-Shabaab group of rebels over Kenya's involvement in a coordinated operation with the Somalian military against the insurgent outfit.[84] There have been a spate of Blasts in Nairobi
Blasts in Nairobi
which started on 10 March 2012, where assailants threw grenades at a busy bus station and a blue-collar bar in Nairobi, killing nine and injuring more than 50. On 28 May 2012, 28 people were injured in an explosion in a shopping complex in downtown Nairobi, near Moi avenue.[86] On 21 September 2013, Al-Shabaab-associated militants attacked the Westgate Mall. 67 people were killed.[87] Media[edit]

Nation Centre, headquarters of the Nation Media Group

Nairobi
Nairobi
is home to most of Kenya's news and media organisations. The city is also home to the African Great Lakes
African Great Lakes
region's largest newspapers: the Daily Nation
Daily Nation
and The Standard. These are circulated within Kenya
Kenya
and cover a range of domestic and regional issues. Both newspapers are published in English. Kenya
Kenya
Broadcasting Corporation, a state-run television and radio station, is headquartered in the city. Kenya
Kenya
Television Network is part of the Standard Group and was Kenya's first privately owned TV station. The Nation Media Group
Nation Media Group
runs NTV which is based in Nairobi. East Africa
East Africa
Television Channel 5 is 24-hour music channel based in Dar es Salaam Tanzania
Tanzania
and broadcasts in Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya. There are also a number of prominent radio stations located in Kenya's capital including KISS 100, Capital FM, East FM, Kameme FM, Metro FM, and Family FM, among others. Several multinational media organisations have their regional headquarters in Nairobi. These include the BBC, CNN, Agence France-Presse, Reuters, Deutsche Welle, and the Associated Press. The East African bureau of CNBC Africa
CNBC Africa
is located in Nairobi's city centre, while the Nairobi
Nairobi
bureau of the New York Times
New York Times
is located in the suburb of Gigiri. The broadcast headquarters of CCTV Africa are located in Nairobi.[88] Nairobi
Nairobi
is also home to the East African School of Media Studies due to its large media focus. The future of Nairobi[edit] Nairobi
Nairobi
has grown since 1899. A population projection in the 21st century is listed below.

Year 2009 2018 2023 2030

Population size 3,138,372 4,174,952 4,677,677 5,212,500[89]

Twin towns – sister cities[edit] Nairobi
Nairobi
is twinned with:

Country City County/District/Province/Region/State Date

 USA Denver[90] Colorado 1975

 USA Raleigh[91] North Carolina –

 Brazil Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
state 2007

 China Kunming[92] Yunnan –

 China Pingxiang[93] Jiangxi 2013

 Mexico Mexico
Mexico
City[94] Federal District 2007

 Venezuela Colonia Tovar Aragua –

Image gallery[edit]

Nairobi
Nairobi
at sunrise

KICC Auditorium

State House

I&M Bank Tower

Nairobi
Nairobi
City Hall

Entrance to Parliament

University of Nairobi

Times Tower

Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
Statue

Nairobi
Nairobi
at sunset

NSSF Building

Anniversary Towers

See also[edit]

International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology Stanley Hotel, Nairobi United Nations Environment Programme Nairobi
Nairobi
in German Nations Environment Programme

Nairobi
Nairobi
portal Kenya
Kenya
portal

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External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nairobi.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nairobi.

 "Nairobi". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). 1911.  The City Council of Nairobi
Nairobi
(official website) National Museums of Kenya
Kenya
(official website) The Nairobi
Nairobi
Social Audit Report Nairobi's Local Online Business directory

News

Daily Nation The Standard Latest News from Kenya

Articles and topics related to Nairobi

v t e

Nairobi, Kenya

Buildings Economy Education Government

County governor

History

Timeline

Media People Sport Transport

Neighbourhoods

Huruma Mathare Ngara Dandora Embakasi Gigiri Kariobangi Karen Kawangware Kibera Korogocho Lang'ata Eastleigh Highridge Lavington Parklands

County Divisions

Central Dagoretti Embakasi Kasarani Kibera Makadara Pumwani Westlands

Nairobi
Nairobi
at Wikimedia Commons . Kenya
Kenya
portal

v t e

Nairobi
Nairobi
metropolitan area

Population - 7.8 million

Counties

Kajiado Kiambu Machakos Nairobi

Major city 3.8 million

Nairobi

Urban Centres over 200K

Ruiru Kangundo-Tala Kikuyu

Other major Urban Centres

Athi River Juja Karuri Kiambu Kitengela Limuru Machakos Ngong Ongata Rongai Thika

Future developments

Konza Technology City

v t e

First- and second-level administrative divisions of Kenya

47 counties (since March 2013)

Baringo (30) Bomet
Bomet
(36) Bungoma
Bungoma
(39) Busia (40) Elgeyo-Marakwet (28) Embu (14) Garissa
Garissa
(07) Homa Bay
Homa Bay
(43) Isiolo
Isiolo
(11) Kajiado (34) Kakamega
Kakamega
(37) Kericho
Kericho
(35) Kiambu
Kiambu
(22) Kilifi
Kilifi
(03) Kirinyaga (20) Kisii (45) Kisumu
Kisumu
(42) Kitui
Kitui
(15) Kwale (02) Laikipia (31) Lamu
Lamu
(05) Machakos
Machakos
(16) Makueni (17) Mandera
Mandera
(09) Marsabit
Marsabit
(10) Meru (12) Migori (44) Mombasa
Mombasa
(01) Murang'a
Murang'a
(21) Nairobi
Nairobi
(47) Nakuru
Nakuru
(32) Nandi (29) Narok
Narok
(33) Nyamira (46) Nyandarua (18) Nyeri
Nyeri
(19) Samburu (25) Siaya (41) Taita-Taveta (06) Tana River (04) Tharaka-Nithi (13) Trans-Nzoia (26) Turkana (23) Uasin Gishu (27) Vihiga
Vihiga
(38) Wajir
Wajir
(08) West Pokot (24)

Principal cities and towns

Nairobi
Nairobi
(capital) Athi River Baragoi Bomet Bungoma Busia Chuka Eldoret Embu Garissa Hola Homa Bay Isiolo Iten Kabarnet Kajiado Kakamega Kapsabet Kangundo
Kangundo
- Tala Kapenguria Karuri Kericho Kerugoya Kiambu Kibwezi Kikuyu Kilifi Kisii Kisumu Kitale Kitengela Kitui Kwale Limuru Lodwar Lokichogio Loiyangalani Lamu Machakos Makindu Malindi Mandera Maralal Marsabit Masii Meru Mombasa Moyale Mtito Andei Mumias Murang'a Mutomo Mwingi Naivasha Nakuru Namanga Nanyuki Narok Nyahururu Nyamira Nyeri Ol Kalou Ongata Rongai Ruiru Siaya Thika Vihiga Voi Wajir Webuye Wote Wundanyi

v t e

Capitals of Africa

Dependent territories and states with limited recognition are in italics

Abuja, Nigeria Accra, Ghana Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Algiers, Algeria Antananarivo, Madagascar Asmara, Eritrea Bamako, Mali Bangui, Central African Republic Banjul, Gambia Bissau, Guinea-Bissau Brazzaville, Rep. of the Congo Bujumbura, Burundi Cairo, Egypt Conakry, Guinea Dakar, Senegal Djibouti, Djibouti Dodoma, Tanzania El Aaiún(claimed)/Tifariti(factual), Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic1 Freetown, Sierra Leone Funchal, Madeira4 Gaborone, Botswana Harare, Zimbabwe Hargeisa, Somaliland1 Jamestown, St Helena, Ascension & Tristan da Cunha2 Juba, South Sudan Kampala, Uganda Khartoum, Sudan Kigali, Rwanda Kinshasa, D.R. Congo Libreville, Gabon Lilongwe, Malawi Lomé, Togo Luanda, Angola Lusaka, Zambia Malabo, Equatorial Guinea Mamoudzou, Mayotte3 Maputo, Mozambique Maseru, Lesotho

Mbabane
Mbabane
(executive)   Lobamba
Lobamba
(legislative), Swaziland

Mogadishu, Somalia Monrovia, Liberia Moroni, Comoros Nairobi, Kenya N'Djamena, Chad Niamey, Niger Nouakchott, Mauritania Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso Port Louis, Mauritius Porto-Novo, Benin Praia, Cape Verde

Pretoria
Pretoria
(executive)   Cape Town
Cape Town
(legislative)   Bloemfontein
Bloemfontein
(judicial), South Africa

Rabat, Morocco Saint-Denis, Réunion3 Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
and Las Palmas, Canary Islands5 São Tomé, São Tomé
São Tomé
and Príncipe Tripoli, Libya Tunis, Tunisia Victoria, Seychelles Windhoek, Namibia

Yamoussoukro
Yamoussoukro
(political)   Abidjan
Abidjan
(economic), Ivory Coast

Yaoundé, Cameroon

1 An unrecognised or partially-recognised nation 2 British Overseas Territory 3 Overseas region
Overseas region
of France 4 Autonomous region of Portugal 5 Autonomous community of Spain

v t e

All-Africa Games
All-Africa Games
host cities

   

1965: Brazzaville 1973: Lagos 1978: Algiers 1987: Nairobi

1991: Cairo 1995: Harare 1999: Johannesburg 2003: Abuja

2007: Algiers 2011: Maputo 2015: Brazzaville 2019: Luanda

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 157819637 LCCN: n79011090 GND: 4041172-2 BNF: cb118650453 (d

.