HOME
The Info List - Nairobi



--- Advertisement ---


(i)

NAIROBI (/naɪˈroʊbi/ ; locally ) is the capital and largest city of Kenya
Kenya
. The name comes from the Maasai phrase _Enkare Nairobi_, which translates to "cool water", a reference to the Nairobi
Nairobi
River which flows through the city. The city proper has a population of 3,138,369, while the metropolitan area has a population of 6,547,547. The city is popularly referred to as the Green City in the Sun.

Nairobi
Nairobi
was founded in 1899 by the colonial authorities in British East Africa
Africa
, as a rail depot on the Uganda Railway . The town quickly grew to replace Machakos as the capital of Kenya
Kenya
in 1907. After independence in 1963, Nairobi
Nairobi
became the capital of the Republic of Kenya
Kenya
. During Kenya's colonial period, the city became a centre for the colony's coffee, tea and sisal industry. The city lies on the River Athi in the southern part of the country, and has an elevation of 1,795 metres (5,889 ft) above sea level.

With a population of 3.36 million in 2011, Nairobi
Nairobi
is the second-largest city by population in the African Great Lakes region after Dar es Salaam
Dar es Salaam
, Tanzania. According to the 2009 census, in the administrative area of Nairobi, 3,138,295 inhabitants lived within 696 km2 (269 sq mi). Nairobi
Nairobi
is the 10th-largest city in Africa
Africa
, including the population of its suburbs.

Home to thousands of Kenyan businesses and over 100 major international companies and organisations, including the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the United Nations Office at Nairobi
Nairobi
(UNON), Nairobi
Nairobi
is an established hub for business and culture. The Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE) is one of the largest in Africa
Africa
and the second-oldest exchange on the continent. It is Africa's fourth-largest exchange in terms of trading volume, capable of making 10 million trades a day.

CONTENTS

* 1 Nairobi
Nairobi
Metropolitan Region

* 2 History

* 2.1 1899–1925 * 2.2 1925–1950 * 2.3 1950–1975 * 2.4 1975–1999 * 2.5 2000–Present * 2.6 Historical population data for Nairobi
Nairobi

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Climate

* 3.2 Districts and neighborhoods

* 3.2.1 Kibera slum

* 3.3 Parks and gardens

* 4 Political divisions

* 4.1 Constituencies

* 5 Economy

* 5.1 Central business district and skyline * 5.2 Upper Hill * 5.3 Tourism * 5.4 Places of interest

* 6 Demographics

* 7 Society and culture

* 7.1 Literature and film * 7.2 Food * 7.3 Music

* 8 Sport

* 9 Education

* 9.1 Higher education

* 10 Infrastructure

* 10.1 Transport

* 10.1.1 Airports * 10.1.2 Matatu * 10.1.3 Buses * 10.1.4 Trains * 10.1.5 Roads * 10.1.6 Private Car Population Projection for Nairobi
Nairobi

* 10.2 Water supply and sanitation * 10.3 Housing

* 11 Crime and law enforcement * 12 Media * 13 The future of Nairobi
Nairobi
* 14 Twin towns – Sister cities * 15 Famous Nairobians * 16 Image gallery * 17 See also * 18 References * 19 External links

NAIROBI METROPOLITAN REGION

Nairobi County (Green) surrounding Nairobi
Nairobi
Metro (Red)

Nairobi
Nairobi
is found within the Greater Nairobi
Nairobi
Metropolitan region, which consists of 5 out of 47 counties in Kenya, which generates about 60% of the entire nation's . The counties are:

AREA COUNTY AREA (KM2) Population Census 2009 CITIES/TOWNS/MUNICIPALITIES IN THE COUNTIES

Core Nairobi Nairobi
Nairobi
County 694.9 3,138,369 Nairobi

Northern Metro Kiambu County 2,449.2 1,623,282 Kiambu , Thika , Limuru , Ruiru
Ruiru
, Karuri
Karuri
, Kikuyu , Ruaka , Kahawa

North Eastern Metro Murang\'a County 2,325.8 942,581 Gatanga , Kandara , Kenol/ Kabati , Murang\'a

Southern Metro Kajiado County 21,292.7 687,312 Kajiado , Olkejuado, Bissil, Ngong , Kitengela , Kiserian , Ongata Rongai

Eastern Metro Machakos County 5,952.9 1,098,584 Kangundo -Tala , Machakos , Athi River

_TOTALS_ Nairobi
Nairobi
Metro 32,715.5 7,490,128

Source: NairobiMetro/ Kenya
Kenya
Census

HISTORY

Main articles: History of Nairobi and Timeline of Nairobi

1899–1925

How Nairobi
Nairobi
looked in 1899, just a bunch of Tents and then a Railway Depot

The area was essentially uninhabited swamp until a supply depot of the Uganda Railway was built in 1899, which soon became the railway's headquarters. The city was named after a water hole known in Maasai as _Enkare Nairobi_, meaning "place of cool waters". It was completely rebuilt in the early 1900s after an outbreak of plague and the burning of the original town. The location of the Nairobi
Nairobi
railway camp was chosen due to its central position between Mombasa
Mombasa
and Kampala . It was also chosen because its network of rivers could supply the camp with water and its elevation would make it cool enough for residential purposes. However, malaria was a serious problem, leading to at least one attempt to have the town moved. Entrance to Nairobi
Nairobi
Railway Station 1899

In 1905, Nairobi
Nairobi
replaced Mombasa
Mombasa
as capital of the British protectorate , and the city grew around administration and tourism, initially in the form of big game hunting . As the British occupiers started to explore the region, they started using Nairobi
Nairobi
as their first port of call. This prompted the colonial government to build several spectacular grand hotels in the city. The main occupants were British game hunters.

Nairobi
Nairobi
continued to grow under the British and many British subjects settled within the city's suburbs. In 1919, Nairobi
Nairobi
was declared to be a municipality.

1925–1950

In February 1926, E. A. T. Dutton passed through Nairobi
Nairobi
on his way to Mount Kenya
Kenya
, and said of the city:

Maybe one day Nairobi
Nairobi
will be laid out with tarred roads, with avenues of flowering trees, flanked by noble buildings; with open spaces and stately squares; a cathedral worthy of faith and country; museums and of art; theaters and public offices. And it is fair to say that the Government and the Municipality have already bravely tackled the problem and that a town-plan ambitious enough to turn Nairobi
Nairobi
into a thing of beauty has been slowly worked out, and much has already been done. But until that plan has borne fruit, Nairobi
Nairobi
must remain what she was then, a slatternly creature, unfit to queen it over so lovely a country.

1950–1975

The continuous expansion of the city began to anger the Maasai , as the city was devouring their land to the south. It also angered the Kikuyu people , who wanted the land returned to them. After the end of World War II
World War II
, this friction developed into the Mau Mau rebellion. Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
, Kenya's future president, was jailed for his involvement even though there was no evidence linking him to the rebellion. Pressure exerted from the locals onto the British resulted in Kenyan independence in 1963, with Nairobi
Nairobi
as the capital of the new republic.

After independence, Nairobi
Nairobi
grew rapidly and this growth put pressure on the city's infrastructure. Power cuts and water shortages were a common occurrence, though in the past few years better city planning has helped to put some of these problems in check. Nairobi
Nairobi
in 1973

On September 11, 1973 the Kenyatta International Conference Centre KICC was Open to the Public. The 28 storey building at the time was designed by the Norwegian architect Karl Henrik Nøstvik and a Kenyan David Mutiso, the construction was done in three phases.Phase I was the construction of the podium, Phase II consisted of the main tower and Phase III involved the Plenary. Construction was completed in 1973; with the opening ceremony occurring in September 11 and being presided over by Kenya’s founding father President Kenyatta. This is the only building that says you know Kenya. It is the Iconic symbol of Kenya. No picture says “this is Kenya” if it does not have KICC in the background. It is the only building within the city with a helipad that is open to public. Of the buildings built in the Seventies, the KICC was the most eco-friendly and most environment conscious structure; its main frame was constructed with locally available materials Gravel, sand, cement and wood, it had wide open spaces which allowed for natural aeration and natural lighting. Cuboids made up the plenary hall, the tower consisted of a cylinder composed of several cuboids and the amphitheatre and helipad both resembled cones. The tower was built around a concrete core and it had no walls but glass windows, which allowed for maximum natural lighting. It had the largest halls in eastern and central Africa.

1975–1999

Three years prior in 1972,the World Bank
World Bank
approved funds for further expansion of the then Nairobi
Nairobi
Airport (now Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
International Airport ), including a new international and domestic passenger terminal building, the airport's first dedicated cargo and freight terminal, new taxiways,associated aprons, internal roads, car parks, police and fire stations, a State Pavilion, airfield and roadway lighting, fire hydrant system, water, electrical, telecommunications and sewage systems, a dual carriageway passenger access road, security, drainage and the building of the main access road to the airport (Airport South Road). The total cost of the project was more than US$29 million (US$111.8 million in 2013 dollars). On 14 March 1978, construction of the current terminal building was completed on the other side of the airport's single runway and opened by President Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
less than five months before his natural death. The airport was renamed Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
International Airport in memory of its First President.

The United States
United States
Embassy, then located in downtown Nairobi, was bombed in August 1998 by Al-Qaida , as one of a series of US embassy bombings . It is now the site of a memorial park.

2000–PRESENT

Nairobi
Nairobi
showing Fedha Towers, ICEA Building, the Nairobi
Nairobi
Safari Club and Anniversary Towers

On 9 November 2012, President Mwai Kibaki opened the KES 31 billion Thika Superhighway.The mega-project in East and Central Africa
Africa
started in 2009 and ended in 2011. It involved expanding the four-lane carriageway to eight lanes, building underpasses, providing interchanges at roundabouts, erecting flyovers and building underpasses to ease congestion. The 50.4 kilometre road was built in three phases: Uhuru Highway to Muthaiga Roundabout; Muthaiga Roundabout to Kenyatta University and; Kenyatta University to Thika Town.

HISTORICAL POPULATION DATA FOR NAIROBI

YEAR 1969 1979 1989 1999 2009

NAIROBI 509, 286 827, 775 1, 324, 570 2, 143, 254 3, 138, 369

GEOGRAPHY

An aerial view of Nairobi, the central business district and Ngong Road Kenyatta International Conference Centre
Kenyatta International Conference Centre
with Times Tower in the background Satellite View of Nairobi
Nairobi

The city is situated at 1°09′S 36°39′E / 1.150°S 36.650°E / -1.150; 36.650 (Nairobi, Kenya) and 1°27′S 37°06′E / 1.450°S 37.100°E / -1.450; 37.100 (Nairobi, Kenya) and occupies 696 square kilometres (270 sq mi).

Nairobi
Nairobi
is situated between the cities of Kampala and Mombasa. As Nairobi
Nairobi
is adjacent to the eastern edge of the Rift Valley , minor earthquakes and tremors occasionally occur. The Ngong Hills , located to the west of the city, are the most prominent geographical feature of the Nairobi
Nairobi
area. Mount Kenya
Kenya
is situated north of Nairobi, and Mount Kilimanjaro is towards the south-east.

The Nairobi River and its tributaries traverse through the Nairobi County. Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
laureate Wangari Maathai
Wangari Maathai
has fought fiercely to save the indigenous Karura Forest in northern Nairobi
Nairobi
which was under threat of being replaced by housing and other infrastructure.

Nairobi's western suburbs stretch all the way from the Kenyatta National Hospital in the south to the UN headquarters at Gigiri suburb in the north, a distance of about 20 kilometres (12 mi). The city is centred on the City Square, which is located in the Central Business District. The Kenyan Parliament buildings, the Holy Family Cathedral , Nairobi
Nairobi
City Hall, Nairobi
Nairobi
Law Courts, and the Kenyatta Conference Centre all surround the square.

CLIMATE

Under the Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
, Nairobi
Nairobi
has a subtropical highland climate (Cfb /Cwb). At 1,795 metres (5,889 ft) above sea level, evenings may be cool, especially in the June/July season, when the temperature can drop to 9 °C (48 °F). The sunniest and warmest part of the year is from December to March, when temperatures average the mid-twenties during the day. The mean maximum temperature for this period is 24 °C (75 °F).

There are two rainy seasons, but rainfall can be moderate. The cloudiest part of the year is just after the first rainy season, when, until September, conditions are usually overcast with drizzle. As Nairobi
Nairobi
is situated close to the equator, the differences between the seasons are minimal. The seasons are referred to as the wet season and dry season . The timing of sunrise and sunset varies little throughout the year for the same reason. Nairobi
Nairobi
southern suburbs. In the background is Wilson Airport

CLIMATE DATA FOR NAIROBI (DAGORETTI ) 1961–1990, EXTREMES 1955–1982 AND 1984–PRESENT

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 29.8 (85.6) 30.5 (86.9) 30.9 (87.6) 29.0 (84.2) 26.8 (80.2) 28.1 (82.6) 32.7 (90.9) 32.5 (90.5) 30.0 (86) 29.0 (84.2) 27.9 (82.2) 27.6 (81.7) 32.7 (90.9)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 25.5 (77.9) 26.7 (80.1) 26.8 (80.2) 25.0 (77) 23.5 (74.3) 22.5 (72.5) 22.0 (71.6) 22.7 (72.9) 25.0 (77) 25.7 (78.3) 24.0 (75.2) 24.5 (76.1) 24.5 (76.1)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 18.0 (64.4) 18.8 (65.8) 19.4 (66.9) 19.2 (66.6) 17.8 (64) 16.3 (61.3) 15.6 (60.1) 15.9 (60.6) 17.3 (63.1) 18.5 (65.3) 18.4 (65.1) 18.1 (64.6) 17.8 (64)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 10.5 (50.9) 10.9 (51.6) 12.1 (53.8) 13.4 (56.1) 12.1 (53.8) 10.0 (50) 9.2 (48.6) 9.1 (48.4) 9.7 (49.5) 11.3 (52.3) 12.7 (54.9) 11.7 (53.1) 11.1 (52)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) 3.3 (37.9) 2.2 (36) 6.7 (44.1) 7.8 (46) 7.9 (46.2) 4.4 (39.9) 1.1 (34) 2.9 (37.2) 3.9 (39) 5.5 (41.9) 6.7 (44.1) 6.2 (43.2) 1.1 (34)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 58.3 (2.295) 49.8 (1.961) 92.2 (3.63) 242.3 (9.539) 189.5 (7.461) 38.6 (1.52) 17.6 (0.693) 24.0 (0.945) 31.2 (1.228) 60.8 (2.394) 149.6 (5.89) 107.6 (4.236) 1,061.5 (41.791)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 1.0 MM) 4 4 8 15 13 5 3 4 4 7 14 9 90

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 60 56 62 71 73 73 73 71 64 63 71 66 67

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 288.3 266.0 266.6 204.0 189.1 159.0 130.2 127.1 180.0 226.3 198.0 257.3 2,491.9

MEAN DAILY SUNSHINE HOURS 9.3 9.5 8.6 6.8 6.1 5.3 4.2 4.1 6.0 7.3 6.6 8.3 6.8

Source #1: NOAA

Source #2: Deutscher Wetterdienst (extremes from 1955–1982 and humidity, 1961–1990), Meteo Climat (extremes from 1984–present)

CLIMATE DATA FOR NAIROBI (JOMO KENYATTA INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT )

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 32.2 (90) 32.8 (91) 32.1 (89.8) 32.2 (90) 31.1 (88) 28.9 (84) 29.4 (84.9) 32.2 (90) 31.1 (88) 33.0 (91.4) 32.2 (90) 32.2 (90) 33.0 (91.4)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 26.7 (80.1) 27.9 (82.2) 27.5 (81.5) 26.0 (78.8) 24.5 (76.1) 23.7 (74.7) 22.6 (72.7) 23.0 (73.4) 25.6 (78.1) 26.6 (79.9) 24.9 (76.8) 25.3 (77.5) 25.4 (77.7)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 19.4 (66.9) 20.2 (68.4) 20.7 (69.3) 20.2 (68.4) 19.1 (66.4) 17.7 (63.9) 16.7 (62.1) 17.3 (63.1) 18.6 (65.5) 19.7 (67.5) 19.3 (66.7) 19.0 (66.2) 19.0 (66.2)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 12.9 (55.2) 13.1 (55.6) 14.1 (57.4) 14.9 (58.8) 14.3 (57.7) 12.3 (54.1) 11.4 (52.5) 11.5 (52.7) 12.0 (53.6) 13.3 (55.9) 14.0 (57.2) 13.5 (56.3) 13.1 (55.6)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) 4.7 (40.5) 7.2 (45) 7.2 (45) 9.8 (49.6) 6.3 (43.3) 6.1 (43) 4.6 (40.3) 4.4 (39.9) 4.2 (39.6) 5.4 (41.7) 7.8 (46) 7.9 (46.2) 4.2 (39.6)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES) 42.1 (1.657) 48.3 (1.902) 68.8 (2.709) 157.2 (6.189) 108.3 (4.264) 26.5 (1.043) 11.5 (0.453) 13.6 (0.535) 24.8 (0.976) 43.3 (1.705) 120.9 (4.76) 79.8 (3.142) 745.1 (29.335)

AVERAGE PRECIPITATION DAYS (≥ 0.1 MM) 4.9 3.7 6.5 13.0 11.1 6.2 5.2 5.0 5.1 6.8 13.6 9.0 89.7

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 69 63 66 77 79 76 74 71 67 67 77 76 72

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 282.1 265.6 263.5 204.0 179.8 159.0 124.0 124.0 168.0 213.9 204.0 254.2 2,442.1

MEAN DAILY SUNSHINE HOURS 9.1 9.4 8.5 6.8 5.8 5.3 4.0 4.0 5.6 6.9 6.8 8.2 6.7

Source: Deutscher Wetterdienst

DISTRICTS AND NEIGHBORHOODS

Nairobi
Nairobi
is divided into a series of constituencies with each being represented by members of Parliament in the National Assembly. These constituencies are: Makadara, Kamukunji, Starehe, Langata , Dagoretti, Westlands , Kasarani, and Embakasi . The main administrative divisions of Nairobi
Nairobi
are Central, Dagoretti, Embakasi , Kasarani, Kibera , Makadara, Pumwani, and Westlands . Most of the upmarket suburbs are situated to the west and north-central of Nairobi, where most European settlers resided during the colonial times AKA 'Ubabini'. These include Karen , Langata , Lavington , Gigiri , Muthaiga , Brookside, Spring Valley, Loresho, Kilimani, Kileleshwa, Hurlingham, Runda , Kitisuru , Nyari, Kyuna, Lower Kabete , Westlands , and Highridge , although Kangemi, Kawangware, and Dagoretti are lower income areas close to these affluent suburbs. The city's colonial past is commemorated by many English place-names. Most lower-middle and upper middle income neighbourhoods are located in the north-central areas such as Highridge, Parklands, Ngara, Pangani, and areas to the southwest and southeast of the metropolitan area near the Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
International Airport. The most notable ones include Avenue Park, Fedha, Pipeline, Donholm, Greenfields, Nyayo, Taasia, Baraka, Nairobi
Nairobi
West, Madaraka, Siwaka, South B, South C, Mugoya, Riverbank, Hazina, Buru Buru, Uhuru, Harambee Civil Servants', Akiba, Kimathi, Pioneer, and Koma Rock to the centre-east and Kasarani to northeast area among others. The low and lower income estates are located mainly in far eastern Nairobi. These include, Umoja, Kariokor, Dandora , Kariobangi , Kayole , Embakasi , and Huruma . Kitengela suburb, though located further southeast, Ongata Rongai and Kiserian further southwest, and Ngong/Embulbul suburbs also known as 'Diaspora' to the far west are considered part of the Greater Nairobi Metropolitan area. More than 90% of Nairobi
Nairobi
residents work within the Nairobi
Nairobi
Metropolitan area, in the formal and informal sectors. Many Somali immigrants have also settled in Eastleigh , nicknamed "Little Mogadishu
Mogadishu
". 360-degree Nairobi
Nairobi
panorama

Kibera Slum

Main article: Kibera Kibera slums being upgraded to New Apartment by the Kenyan Ministry of housing and United Nations Habitat

The Kibera slum in Nairobi
Nairobi
(with an estimated population of at least 500,000 to over 1,000,000 people) was thought to be Africa's second largest slum . However, recent census results have shown that Kibera is indeed much smaller than originally thought.

PARKS AND GARDENS

central park Nairobi
Nairobi
Kenyatta Avenue with Uhuru Park between Upper Hill and the Nairobi
Nairobi
CBD

Nairobi
Nairobi
has many parks and open spaces throughout the city. Much of the city has dense tree-cover and plenty of green spaces. The most famous park in Nairobi
Nairobi
is Uhuru Park . The park borders the central business district and the neighbourhood Upper Hill. Uhuru (_Freedom_ in Swahili ) Park is a centre for outdoor speeches, services, and rallies. The park was to be built over by former President Daniel arap Moi , who wanted the 62-storey headquarters of his party, the Kenya African National Union , situated in the park. However, the park was saved following a campaign by Nobel Peace Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
winner Wangari Maathai .

Central Park is adjacent to Uhuru Park, and includes a memorial for Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
, the first president of Kenya. Other notable open spaces include Jeevanjee Gardens , City Park, 7 August Memorial Park, and Nairobi
Nairobi
Arboretum.

The colonial 1948 Master Plan for Nairobi
Nairobi
still acts as the governing mechanism when it comes to making decisions related to urban planning. The Master Plan at the time, which was designed for 250,000 people, allocated 28% of Nairobi's land to public space, but because of rapid population growth, much of the vitality of public spaces within the city are increasingly threatened. City Park, the only natural park in Nairobi, for example, was originally 150 acres, but has since lost approximately 50 acres of land to private development through squatting and illegal alienation which began in the 1980s.

POLITICAL DIVISIONS

The City of Nairobi
Nairobi
enjoys the status of a full administrative County.

The Nairobi
Nairobi
province differs in several ways from other Kenyan regions. The county is entirely urban. It has only one local council, Nairobi City Council . Nairobi
Nairobi
Province was not divided into "districts" until 2007, when three districts were created. In 2010, along with the new constitution, Nairobi
Nairobi
was renamed a County.

Nairobi County has seventeen constituencies. Constituency name may differ from division name, such that Starehe Constituency is equal to Central Division, Lang'ata Constituency to Kibera division, and Kamukunji Constituency to Pumwani Division in terms of boundaries.

CONSTITUENCIES

Co-operative Bank of Kenya
Kenya
headquarters

Nairobi
Nairobi
is divided into seventeen constituencies and eighty five wards , mostly named after residential estates. Kibera Division, for example, includes Kibera (Kenya's largest slum) as well as affluent estates of Karen and Langata .

CONSTITUENCY WARDS

WESTLANDS Kitisuru · Parklands / Highridge · Karura · Kangemi · Mountain View

DAGORETTI NORTH Kilimani · Kawangware · Gatina · Kileleshwa · Kabiro ·

DAGORETTI SOUTH Mutu-ini · Ngand'o · Riruta · Uthiru /Ruthimitu · Waithaka ·

LANGATA Karen · Nairobi
Nairobi
West · Ngumo · South C · Nyayo Highrise ·

KIBRA Laini Saba · Lindi · Makina · Woodley/ Kenyatta Golf Course · Sarang\'ombe ·

ROYSAMBU Roysambu · Garden Estate · Muthaiga · Ridgeways · Githurai · Kahawa West · Zimmermann · Kahawa

KASARANI Clay City · Mwiki · Kasarani · Njiru · Ruai

RUARAKA Babadogo · Utalii · Mathare North · Lucky Summer · Korogocho ·

EMBAKASI SOUTH Imara Daima · Kwa Njenga · Kwa Reuben · Pipeline · Kware ·

EMBAKASI NORTH Kariobangi North · Dandora Area I · Dandora Area II · Dandora Area III · Dandora Area IV ·

EMBAKASI CENTRAL Kayole North · Kayole North Central · Kayole South · Komarock · Matopeni/ Spring Valley ·

EMBAKASI EAST Upper Savanna · Lower Savanna · Embakasi · Utawala · Mihang'o ·

EMBAKASI WEST Umoja I · Umoja II · Mowlem · Kariobangi South ·

MAKADARA Maringo/ Hamza · Viwandani · Harambee · Makongeni · Mbotela

KAMUKUNJI Pumwani · Eastleigh North · Eastleigh South · Airbase · California ·

STAREHE Nairobi
Nairobi
Central · Ngara · Pangani · Ziwani/ Kariokor · Landimawe · Nairobi
Nairobi
South ·

MATHARE Hospital · Mabatini · Huruma · Ngei · Mlango Kubwa · Kiamaiko ·

ECONOMY

See also: List of companies and organizations based in Nairobi Nairobi
Nairobi
is a major financial capital of Africa. It is also one of the most modern cities in Africa. I&M Bank headquarters in Nairobi.

Nairobi
Nairobi
is home to the Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE), one of Africa's largest. The NSE was officially recognised as an overseas stock exchange by the London Stock Exchange in 1953. The exchange is Africa's 4th largest in terms of trading volumes, and 5th largest in terms of Market Capitalization as a percentage of GDP.

Nairobi
Nairobi
is the regional headquarters of several international companies and organisations. In 2007, General Electric
General Electric
, Young "> Several foreign companies have factories based in and around the city. These include Goodyear , General Motors
General Motors
, Toyota Motors , and Coca-Cola .

Nairobi
Nairobi
has a large tourist industry , being both a tourist destination and a transport hub.

CENTRAL BUSINESS DISTRICT AND SKYLINE

Nairobi
Nairobi
has grown around its central business district. This takes a rectangular shape, around the Uhuru Highway, Haille Selassie Avenue, Moi Avenue, and University Way. It features many of Nairobi's important buildings, including the City Hall and Parliament Building. The city square is also located within the perimeter.

Most of the skyscrapers in this region are the headquarters of businesses and corporations, such as I margin-right:auto; overflow:hidden; width:auto; max-width:608px;"> Panorama of Kenyatta Avenue, Nairobi
Nairobi
CBD's main street

UPPER HILL

Main article: Upper Hill, Nairobi

Today, many businesses are considering relocating and /or establishing their headquarters outside the Central Business District area. This is because land is cheaper, and better facilities can easily be built and maintained elsewhere. Two areas that are seeing a growth in companies and office space are Upper Hill , which is located, approximately 4 km (2.5 mi) from the Central Business District and Westlands , which is also about the same distance, away from the city centre.

Companies that have moved from the Central Business District to Upper Hill include Citibank and in 2007, Coca-Cola began construction of their East and Central African headquarters in Upper Hill, cementing the district as the preferred location for office space in Nairobi. The largest office development in this area is UAP Tower , a recently completed 33-storey tower at 163 metres high. The World Bank
World Bank
and International Finance Corporation (part of the World Bank
World Bank
Group) are also located in Upper Hill at the Delta Center, Menegai Road. Earlier on, they were located in the Hill Park Building and CBA Building respectively(both also in Upper Hill), and prior to that in View Park towers in the Central Business District.

To accommodate the large demand for floorspace in Nairobi, various commercial projects are being constructed. New business parks are being built in the city, including the flagship Nairobi
Nairobi
Business Park . Nairobi
Nairobi
panorama, viewed from Westlands

CONSTRUCTION BOOM AND REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS A view of Nairobi
Nairobi
from the Kenyatta International Conference Centre
Kenyatta International Conference Centre

Nairobi
Nairobi
is currently undergoing a construction boom. Major real estate projects and skyscrapers are coming up in the city. Among them are: Hass twin towers which will tower at 212m, Britam Tower (198m), Avic International Africa
Africa
headquarters (176m), Prism tower (140m), Pan Africa
Africa
insurance towers, Pallazzo offices, and many other projects. Shopping malls are also being constructed like the recently completed Garden city Mall, Centum's Two rivers Mall, The Hub in Karen, Karen waterfront, Thika Greens, and the recently reconstructed Westgate Mall. High-class residential apartments for living are coming up like Le Mac towers, a residential tower in Westlands Nairobi
Nairobi
with 23 floors. Avic International is also putting up a total of four residential apartments on Waiyaki way: a 28-level tower, two 24-level towers, and a 25-level tower. Hotel towers are also being erected in the city. Avic International is putting up a 30-level hotel tower of 141m in the Westlands. The hotel tower will be operated by Marriot group. Jabavu limited is constructing a 35 floor hotel tower in Upper Hill which will be high over 140 metres in the city skyline. Arcon Group Africa
Africa
has also announced plans to erect a skyscraper in Upper hill which will have 66 floors and tower over 290 metres, further cementing Upper hill as the preferred metropolis for multinational corporations launching their operations in the Kenyan capital.

NAIROBI\'S TALLEST SKYSCRAPERS Pinnacle Towers 274 m (899 ft)

UAP Tower 163 m (535 ft)

Times Tower 140 m (460 ft)

Teleposta Towers 120 m (390 ft)

Kenyatta International Conference Centre
Kenyatta International Conference Centre
105 m (344 ft)

NSSF Building 103 m (338 ft)

I">_ A giraffe at Nairobi National Park , with Nairobi's skyline in background

This section POSSIBLY CONTAINS ORIGINAL RESEARCH . Please improve it by verifying the claims made and adding inline citations . Statements consisting only of original research should be removed. (November 2014)_ _(Learn how and when to remove this template message )_

Nairobi
Nairobi
is one of the few cities in the world with a national park within its boundaries, making it a prime tourist destination as well, with several other tourist attractions. The most famous is the Nairobi National Park , the only game reserve of this nature to border a capital city, or any major city. The park contains many animals including lions, giraffes, and black rhinos . The park is home to over 400 species of birds. The Nairobi
Nairobi
Safari Walk is a major attraction to the Nairobi National Park as it offers a rare on-foot experience of the animals.

Nairobi
Nairobi
is home to several museums, sites, and monuments. The Nairobi National Museum is the country's national museum and the largest in the city. It houses a large collection of artefacts portraying Kenya's rich heritage through history, nature, culture, and contemporary art. It also includes the full remains of a homo erectus popularly known as the Turkana boy. Other prominent museums include the Nairobi
Nairobi
Gallery, Nairobi Railway Museum , and the Karen Blixen
Karen Blixen
Museum located in the affluent Karen suburb. Uhuru Gardens, a national monument and the largest memorial park in Kenya, is also the place where the first Kenyan flag was raised at independence. It is located along Langata road near the Wilson Airport. The Sarova Stanley

Nairobi
Nairobi
is nicknamed the _Safari Capital of the World_ or _the City Under the Sun_, and has many hotels to cater for safari-bound tourists. Five-star hotels in Nairobi
Nairobi
include the Nairobi
Nairobi
Serena , Laico Regency (formerly Grand Regency Hotel), Windsor (Karen), Holiday Inn , Nairobi
Nairobi
Safari Club (Lilian Towers), The Sarova Stanley Hotel , Safari Park "> Woodvale Grove, Westlands

The Nairobi Java House is a coffee house and restaurant chain with branches located around the city including one at the Jomo Kenyatta International Airport . Other coffee chains include Art Caffe, Dormans Coffee House and Savannah, which is part of Sasini Tea.

Nairobi's night life is popular with tourists, young and old. From a collection of gourmet restaurants offering local and international cuisine, Nairobi
Nairobi
has something to offer to every age and pocket. Most common known food establishments include The Carnivore and The Tamarind Restaurants which have outlets in Langata, City Centre, and the Village Market. For those more discerning travellers, one can choose from a wide array of local cuisine, Mediterranean, fast food, Ethiopian, and Arabian. The city's nightlife is mostly centred along friends and colleagues meeting after work especially on Fridays – commonly known as "Furahiday" (Happy Day), theme nights, events and concerts, and Shisha cafés. The most popular clubbing spots are centred in upmarket Westlands which has come to be known as "Electric Avenue", Karen, Langata, Hurlingham, and "uptown" venues in the city centre. Nairobians generally go out every day of the week and most establishments are open till late.

Other sites include Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
's Mausoleum
Mausoleum
, Kenya
Kenya
National Theatre , and the Kenya
Kenya
National Archives. Art galleries in Nairobi include the Rahimtulla Museum of Modern Art (Ramoma), the Mizizi Arts Centre, and the Nairobi
Nairobi
National Museum.

PLACES OF INTEREST

* The Carnivore * Nairobi
Nairobi
Mamba Village * Florida Discothèque (demolished) * Oloo\'s Children Center in Kibera Slums
Slums
* Nairobi National Park * Nairobi
Nairobi
National Museum * Uhuru Gardens * David Sheldrick Centre * Giraffe Centre * Bomas of Kenya * Karen Blixen
Karen Blixen
Museum * The National Council of Churches of Kenya
Kenya
HQ, Hurlingham * The Karura Forest * Kenyatta International Conference Centre
Kenyatta International Conference Centre
Rooftop and View of City Skyline

* The Nairobi Arboretum * The Memorial Park Garden * United Nations Office at Nairobi * Utamaduni Craft Centre * City Park

* Uhuru Park * Splash Water World * Ngong Racecourse * Karen Blixen
Karen Blixen
Home

DEMOGRAPHICS

POPULATION OF NAIROBI BETWEEN 1906 AND 2009.

Nairobi
Nairobi
has experienced one of the highest growth rates of any city in Africa. Since its foundation in 1899, Nairobi
Nairobi
has grown to become the second largest city in the African Great Lakes, despite being one of youngest cities in the region. The growth rate of Nairobi
Nairobi
is currently 4.1% a year. It is estimated that Nairobi's population will reach 5 million in 2025.

These data fit remarkably closely (r^2 = 0.9994) to a logistic curve with t(0) = 1900, P(0)=8500, r = 0.059 and K = 8,000,000. This suggests a current (2011) growth rate of 3.5% (the CIA estimate of 4.5% cited above would have been true in 2005). According to this curve, the population of the city will be below 4 million in 2015, and will reach 5 million in 2025.

Given this high population growth, owing itself both to urban migration and high birth rates, the economy has yet to catch up. Unemployment is estimated at 40% within the city, mainly in the high-density, low income areas of the city which can make them seem even denser than the higher-income neighborhoods.

SOCIETY AND CULTURE

Basilica of the Holy Family in Nairobi
Nairobi

Nairobi
Nairobi
is a cosmopolitan and multicultural city. The names of some of its suburbs, including Hurlingham and Parklands reflect Nairobi's early history.

By the mid twentieth century, many foreigners settled in Nairobi
Nairobi
from other parts of the British Empire
British Empire
, primarily India and parts of (present-day) Pakistan. These immigrants were workers who arrived to construct the Kampala Mombasa
Mombasa
railway, settling in Nairobi
Nairobi
after its completion, and also merchants from Gujarat
Gujarat
. Nairobi
Nairobi
also has established communities from Somalia
Somalia
and Sudan
Sudan
.

There are a number of churches, mosques, temples, and gurdwaras within the city. Prominent places of worship in Nairobi
Nairobi
include the Cathedral Basilica of the Holy Family , All Saints Cathedral, Ismaili Jamat Khana, and Jamia Mosque .

Nairobi
Nairobi
has two informal nicknames. The first is _"The Green City in the Sun"_, which is derived from the city's foliage and warm climate. The second is the _"Safari Capital of the World"_, which is used due to Nairobi's prominence as a hub for safari tourism.

There are a number of shopping malls in the Nairobi
Nairobi
Area. These include: Garden city mall, Thika road mall (TRM), the West Gate mall, Prestige Plaza, the Village Market, the Sarit Centre, the Junction. A variety of amenities are provided at these malls and include: cinemas, fashion and apparel retailers, bookshops, electronics and grocery stores, coffeehouses, restaurants and bars.

LITERATURE AND FILM

Nairobi
Nairobi
Cinema

_ Kwani? _ is Kenya's first literary journal and was established by writers living in Nairobi. Nairobi's publishing houses have also produced the works of some of Kenya's authors, including Ngũgĩ wa Thiong\'o and Meja Mwangi who were part of post-colonial writing.

Many film makers also practice their craft out of Nairobi. Film-making is still young in the country, but people like producer Njeri Karago and director Judy Kibinge are paving the way for others.

Perhaps the most famous book and film set in Nairobi
Nairobi
is _Out of Africa
Africa
_. The book was written by Karen Blixen
Karen Blixen
, whose pseudonym was Isak Dinesen, and it is her account of living in Kenya
Kenya
. Karen Blixen lived in the Nairobi
Nairobi
area from 1917 to 1931. The neighbourhood in which she lived, Karen , is named after her.

In 1985, _Out of Africa
Africa
_ was made into a film, directed by Sydney Pollack . The film won 28 awards, including 7 Academy Awards
Academy Awards
. The popularity of the film prompted the opening of Nairobi's Karen Blixen Museum .

Nairobi
Nairobi
is also the setting of many of the novels of Ngũgĩ wa Thiong\'o , Kenya's foremost writer.

Nairobi
Nairobi
has been the set of several other American and British films. The most recent of these was _The Constant Gardener _ (2005), a large part of which was filmed in the city. The story revolves around a British diplomat in Nairobi
Nairobi
whose wife is murdered in northern Kenya. Much of the filming was in the Kibera slum.

Among the latest Kenyan actors in Hollywood who identify with Nairobi is Lupita Nyong\'o . Lupita received an Oscar award for best supporting actress in her role as Patsy in the film _12 Years a Slave _ during the _86th Academy Awards
Academy Awards
_ at the Dolby theatre in Los Angeles. Lupita is the daughter of Kenyan politician Peter Anyang' Nyong'o

Most new Hollywood films are nowadays screened at Nairobi's cinemas. Up until the early 1990s, there were only a few film theatres and the repertoire was limited. There are also two drive-in cinemas in Nairobi.

In 2015 and 2016, Nairobi
Nairobi
was the focus point for the American television series _ Sense8 _ which shot its first and second seasons partly in the city. The TV series has high reviews in The Internet Movie Database (IMDB).

In 2015 Nairobi
Nairobi
was also featured in the British thriller film _Eye in the Sky (2015 film) _, which is a story about a lieutenant general and a colonel who faced political opposition after ordering a drone missile strike to take out a group of suicide bombers in Nairobi, Kenya.

FOOD

In Nairobi, there is a range of restaurants and, besides being home to _nyama choma_ which is a local term used to refer to roasted meat, there are American fast food restaurants such as KFC , Subway , Dominos Pizza , Pizza Hut , Hardees
Hardees
and Burger King which are popular, and the longer established South African chains, Galittos , Steers , PizzaMojo , Spur Steak Ranches . Coffee houses, doubling up as restaurants, mostly frequented by the upper middle classes, such as Artcaffe, Nairobi Java House and Dormans have become increasingly popular in recent days. Traditional food joints such as the popular K'osewe's in the city centre and Amaica, which specialise in African delicacies are also widepsread. The Kenchic franchise which specialised in old-school chicken and chips meals was also popular, particularly among the lower classes and students, with restaurants all over the city and its suburbs. However, as at February 2016, Kenchic stopped operating its eatery businesses. Upscale restaurants specialising in specific cuisines, ranging from Italian, Lebanese, Ethiopian, French and seafood are more likely to be found in five star hotels and the wealthier suburbs in the West and South of the city.

Nairobi
Nairobi
has an annual restaurant week (NRW) at the beginning of the year, January–February. Nairobi's restaurants offer dining packages at reduced prices. NRW is managed by Eatout Kenya
Kenya
which is an online platform that lists and reviews restaurants in Nairobi, and provides a platform for Kenyan foodies to congregate and share.

MUSIC

Nairobi
Nairobi
is the centre of Kenya's music scene. Benga is a Kenyan genre which was developed in Nairobi. The style is a fusion of jazz and Luo music forms. Mugithi is another popular genre in Kenya, with its origins in the central parts of the country. A majority of music videos of leading local musicians are also filmed in the city.

In the 1970s, Nairobi
Nairobi
became the prominent centre for music in the African Great Lakes . During this period, Nairobi
Nairobi
was established as a hub of soukous music. This genre was originally developed in Kinshasa and Brazzaville . After the political climate in the region deteriorated , many Congolese artists relocated to Nairobi. Artists such as Orchestra Super Mazembe moved from Congo to Nairobi
Nairobi
and found great success. Virgin records became aware of the popularity of the genre and signed recording contracts with several soukous artists.

More recently, Nairobi
Nairobi
has become the centre of the Kenyan hip hop scene, with Kalamashaka, Gidi Gidi Majimaji being the pioneers of urban music in Kenyan. The genre has become very popular amongst local youth, and domestic musicians have become some of the most popular in the region. Successful artists based in Nairobi
Nairobi
include Jua Cali , Nonini , Camp Mulla, Juliani, Eric Wainaina, Suzanna Owinyo and Nameless . Popular Record labels include Ogopa DJs , Grand Pa Records, Main Switch, Red Black and Green Republik, Calif Records and Bornblack Music Group.

Many foreign musicians who tour Africa
Africa
perform in Nairobi. Bob Marley 's first-ever visit to Africa
Africa
started in Nairobi. Acts that have performed in Nairobi
Nairobi
include Lost Boyz, Wyclef Jean , Shaggy , Akon , Eve, T.O.K, Sean Paul , Wayne Wonder , Alaine , Konshens, Ja Rule
Ja Rule
, and Morgan Heritage , and Cabo Snoop. Other international musicians who have performed in Nairobi
Nairobi
include the rocking show by Don Carlos, Demarco, Busy Signal, Mr. Vegas and the Elephant man crew.

Nairobi, including the coastal towns of Mombasa
Mombasa
and Diani, have recently become the centre of Electronic Dance Music (EDM) in Kenya, which includes Trance, Techno, House, Progressive, Drum "> Prominent international composers & DJs have graced their presence in these cities, including Kyau ">. These youth also support many local EDM producers ">

Gospel music is also very popular in Nairobi
Nairobi
just as in the rest of Kenya, with gospel artistes having a great impact in the mostly Christian city . Artistes such as Esther Wahome, Eunice Njeri, Daddy Owen, Emmy Kosgei and the late Angela Chibalonza, among others, have a great pull over the general population while others like MOG, Juliani, Ecko dyda, DK Kwenye Beat have great influence over the younger generation. Their concerts are also very popular and they have as much influence as the great secular artistes.The most popular being Groove tours, TSO (Totally Sold Out) new year concerts.

Musical group Sauti Sol performed for U.S. President Barack Obama when he was in the city for the 2015 Global Entrepreneurship summit.

SPORT

Nairobi
Nairobi
is the African Great Lakes region's sporting centre. The premier sports facility in Nairobi
Nairobi
and generally in Kenya
Kenya
is the Moi International Sports Centre in the suburb of Kasarani. The complex was completed in 1987, and was used to host the 1987 All Africa
Africa
Games . The complex comprises a 60,000 seater stadium, the second largest in the African Great Lakes (after Tanzania's new national stadium), a 5,000 seater gymnasium, and a 2,000 seater aquatics centre.

The Nyayo National Stadium is Nairobi's second largest stadium renowned for hosting global rugby event under the "Safaricom Sevens." Completed in 1983, the stadium has a capacity of 30,000. This stadium is primarily used for football . The facility is located close to the Central Business District, which makes it a convenient location for political gatherings.

Nairobi City Stadium is the city's first stadium, and used for club football. Nairobi
Nairobi
Gymkhana is the home of the Kenyan cricket team , and was a venue for the 2003 Cricket World Cup
2003 Cricket World Cup
. Notable annual events staged in Nairobi
Nairobi
include Safari Rally (although it lost its World Rally Championship status in 2003), Safari Sevens rugby union tournament, and Nairobi Marathon .

Football is the most popular sport in the city by viewership and participation. This is highlighted by the number of football clubs in the city, including Kenyan Premier League sides Gor Mahia , A.F.C. Leopards , Tusker and Mathare United .

There are six golf courses within a 20 km radius of Nairobi. The oldest 18-hole golf course in the city is the Royal Nairobi
Nairobi
Golf Club. It was established in 1906 by the British , just seven years after the city was founded. Other notable golf clubs include the Windsor Country Club, Karen Country Club, and Muthaiga Golf Club . The Kenya
Kenya
Open golf tournament, which is part of the Challenge Tour , takes place in Nairobi. The Ngong Racecourse in Nairobi
Nairobi
is the centre of horse racing in Kenya.

Rugby is also a popular sport in Nairobi
Nairobi
with 8 of the 12 top flight clubs based here.

Basketball is also a popular Sport played in the City's Primary, Secondary and College leagues. Most of the City's Urban youth and are basketball fans and watch the American NBA
NBA

EDUCATION

The majority of schools follow either the Kenyan Curriculum or the British Curriculum. There is also International School of Kenya
Kenya
which follows the North American Curriculum and the German school in Gigiri. Kenya
Kenya
High School, one of the schools in Kenya, is located in Nairobi.

HIGHER EDUCATION

Nairobi
Nairobi
is home to several Universities and Colleges.

* The University of Nairobi
University of Nairobi
is the largest and oldest university in Kenya. It was established in 1956, as part of the University of East Africa
Africa
, but became an independent university in 1970. The university has approximately 84,000 students. * Kenyatta University is situated 16 km (9.9 mi) from Nairobi
Nairobi
on the Nairobi
Nairobi
Thika dual carriageway on 1,100 acres (4.5 km2) of land. The university was chartered in 1985, offering mainly education-related courses, but has since diversified, offering medicine, environmental studies, engineering, law, business, statistics, agriculture, and economics. It has a student body of about 32,000, the bulk of whom (17,000) are in the main (Kahawa) campus. Currently it is one of the fastest growing public universities. * Strathmore University started in 1961 as an Advanced Level (UK) Sixth Form College offering Science and Arts subjects. The college started to admit accountancy students in March 1966, and thus became a university. In January 1993, Strathmore College merged with Kianda College and moved to Ole Sangale Road, Madaraka Estate, Nairobi. * United States International University Nairobi
Nairobi
was originally a branch of the United States International University , but became a fully autonomous university in 2005. It was first established in 1969. The university has accreditation from the Western Association of Schools and Colleges, in USA, and the Government of Kenya. It is located in a quiet west side location of Kasarani area north-central Nairobi
Nairobi
opposite the Safari Park Hotel. * In 2005, The Aga Khan Hospital, Nairobi
Nairobi
was upgraded to a health sciences teaching hospital, providing post graduate education in medicine and surgery including nursing education, henceforth renamed the Aga Khan University Hospital. * The Catholic University of Eastern Africa
Africa
located in Langata suburb, obtained its "Letter of Interim Authority" in 1989. Following negotiations between the Authority of the Graduate School of Theology and the Commission for Higher Education (CHIEA), the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences was established three years later, culminating in the granting of the Civil Charter to CHIEA on 3 November 1992. * Technical University of Kenya
Kenya
(formerly Kenya
Kenya
Polytechnic). * KCA University (formerly the Kenya
Kenya
College of Accountancy), located in Ruaraka. * The Presbyterian University of East Africa
Africa
(PUEA) is also another Institution of higher learning that is located in the town. It has several campuses around the town. * Pan African Christian University in Kasarani. * East Africa
Africa
Institute of Certified Studies (well known as ICS College) is located at Stanbank House with branches in Mombasa
Mombasa
and Kisumu.

Several universities have also opened satellite campuses in Nairobi. The Railways training institute is also a notable institution of higher learning, being one of the oldest schools in Kenya, dating back to the colonial period in 1956.

INFRASTRUCTURE

TRANSPORT

Syokimau Railway Station

Major plans are being implemented in the need to decongest the city's traffic and the completion of Thika Road has given the city a much needed face-lift attributed to road's enhancement of global standards. Several projects have been completed ( Syokimau Rail Station, the Eastern and Northern Bypasses) while numerous other projects are still underway. The country's head of state announced (when he opened Syokimau Rail Service) that Kenya
Kenya
was collaborating with other countries in the region to develop railway infrastructure to improve regional connectivity under the ambitious LAPPSET project which is the single largest and most expensive in the continent.

Kenya
Kenya
has signed a bilateral agreement with Uganda
Uganda
to facilitate joint development of the Mombasa-Malaba- Kampala standard gauge railway. A branch line will also be extended to Kisumu .

Similarly, Kenya
Kenya
signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Government of Ethiopia
Ethiopia
for the development of Lamu-Addis Ababa standard gauge railway. Under the Lamu-South Sudan
Sudan
and Ethiopia Transport Corridor Project, the development of a railway component is among the priority projects.

The development of these critical transport facilities will, besides reducing transport costs due to faster movement of goods and people within the region, also increase trade, improve the socio-economic welfare of Northern Kenya
Kenya
and boost the country's potential in attracting investments from all over the world. Jomo Kenyatta International Airport

Airports

Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
International Airport is the largest airport in East and Central Africa. Domestic travelers made up 40% of overall passengers in 2016. An increase of 32% in 5 yrs since 2012. JKIA had more than 7 million passengers going through it in 2016. In February 2017, JKIA received a Category
Category
One Status from the FAA
FAA
boosting the airport's status as a Regional Aviation hub.

Wilson Airport ; A general aviation airport handling smaller aircraft mostly propeller driven. In July 2016, construction of a new Air Traffic Control Tower commenced at a cost of KES 163 Million (approximately USD 1.63 Million)

Eastleigh Airport ; a Military base airport. In its earlier years, it was utilised as a landing strip in the pre-jet airline era.It was mostly used as a British Passenger and mail route from Southampton
Southampton
to Cape Town
Cape Town
in the 1930s "> Due to the intense competition between matatus, many are equipped with powerful sound systems and television screens to attract more customers.

However, in 2004, a law was passed requiring all matatus to include seat belts and speed governor s and to be painted with a yellow stripe. At first, this caused a furore amongst Matatu operators, but they were pressured by government and the public to make the changes. Matatus are now limited to 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph). However, many of the matatu vehicles have had their speed governors disabled, which is evident by them travelling at speeds well over 80 kilometres per hour (50 mph).

In December 2010, the Government embarked on a policy to phase out matatus as a means of public transport. Consequently, no new matatus are licensed to operate from January 2011 while the current ones will be allowed to live out their lifespan; a move aimed at enhancing the safety of citizens and visitors as well. However, the matatus continue to occupy the road ways in large numbers contributing to the congestion of Nairobi.

Buses

Buses are increasingly becoming common in the city with some even going to the extents of installing complimentary WiFi systems in partnership with the leading mobile service provider. There are four major bus companies operating the city routes and are the traditional Kenya
Kenya
Bus Service (KBS), and newer private operators Citi Hoppa, Compliant MOA and Double M. The Citi Hoppa buses are distinguishable by their green livery, the Double M buses are painted purple, Compliant MOA by their distinctively screaming names and mix of white, blue colours while the KBS buses are painted blue. Public Transport in Nairobi
Nairobi

Companies such as; Easy Coach, Crown Bus, Coast Bus, Modern Coast, Eldoret Express, Chania,the Guardian Angel,Spanish and Mash Poa run scheduled buses and luxury coaches to other cities and towns.

Trains

Nairobi
Nairobi
was founded as a railway town , and the main headquarters of Kenya
Kenya
Railways (KR) is still situated at Nairobi railway station
Nairobi railway station
, which is located near the city centre. The line runs through Nairobi, from Mombasa
Mombasa
to Kampala . Its main use is freight traffic connecting Nairobi
Nairobi
to Mombasa
Mombasa
and Kisumu . A number of morning and evening commuter trains connect the centre with the suburbs, but the city has no proper light rail, tramway, or rapid transit lines. A proposal has been passed for the construction of a commuter rail line. The country's third president since independence, President Mwai Kibaki on Tuesday, 13 November 2012 launched the Syokimau Rail Service marking a major milestone in the history of railway development in the country. The opening of the station marked another milestone in efforts to realise various projects envisaged under the Vision 2030 Economic Blueprint. The new station has a train that ferries passengers from Syokimau to the city centre cutting travel time by half. Opening of the station marks the completion of the first phase of the Sh24b Nairobi
Nairobi
Commuter Rail Network that is geared at easing traffic congestion in Nairobi, blamed for huge economic losses. Other modern stations include Imara Daima Railway Station and Makadara Railway Station.

The new Mombasa-Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway connects the port city of Mombasa
Mombasa
and Nairobi. The new railway line has replaced the 1900 metre-gauge railway. The Nairobi
Nairobi
Terminus is located at Syokimau , some 20 km from the city centre. Passengers travelling from Mombasa are usually transferred from the metre-gauge trains to the CBD.

Roads

Museum hill interchange, where uhuru highway links to forest road which is an extension of the Thika superhighway.Nairobi's tall skyscrapers can be seen on the background. The A104 heading to Nairobi
Nairobi
CBD

Nairobi
Nairobi
is served by highways that link Mombasa
Mombasa
to Kampala in Uganda and Arusha in Tanzania. These are earmarked to ease the daily motor traffic within and surrounding the metro area. However, driving in Nairobi
Nairobi
is chaotic. Most of the roads are tarmacked and there are signs showing directions to certain neighbourhoods. The city is connected to the Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
International Airport by the Mombasa Highway, which passes through Industrial Area, South B, South C and Embakasi. Ongata Rongai , Langata and Karen are connected to the city centre by Langata Road, which runs to the south. Lavington, Riverside, Westlands, etc. are connected by Waiyaki Way. Kasarani, Eastlands, and Embakasi are connected by Thika Road , Jogoo Road, and Outer Ring Road.

Highways connect the city with other major towns such as Mombasa, Machakos, Voi, (A109), Kisumu, Nakuru, Eldoret, Namanga Border Tanzania(A104) etc.

Nairobi
Nairobi
is currently undergoing major road constructions to update its infrastructure network. The new systems of roads, flyovers, and bridges would cut outrageous traffic levels caused the inability of the current infrastructure to cope with the soaring economic growth in the past few years. It is also a major component of Kenya's Vision 2030 and Nairobi
Nairobi
Metropolis plans. Most roads now, though, are well lit and surfaced with adequate signage. Eastern Bypass, Nairobi
Nairobi

The proposed Nairobi
Nairobi
Bypasses are currently under construction by the Kenyan government and financed by Chinese Government. Their construction seeks to ease congestion in Nairobi's downtown area and the surrounding suburbs. The Bypasses will comprise the:

* Northern bypass – linking Limuru road to Thika Road * Eastern bypass – linking Mombasa
Mombasa
road to Ruiru- Kiambu road near Kamiti prison * Southern bypass – run from Kikuyu to Mombasa
Mombasa
road via Ngong road "> Nairobi
Nairobi
Metro Map Nairobi County (red) Kajiado County (green) Machakos County (yellow) Kiambu County (purple)

There is wide variety regarding standards of living in Nairobi. Most wealthy Kenyans live in Nairobi, but the majority of Nairobians are average and poor. Half of the population have been estimated to live in slums which cover just 5% of the city area. The growth of these slums is a result of urbanisation, poor town planning, and the unavailability of loans for low income earners.

Kibera is one of the largest slums in Africa, and is situated to the west of Nairobi. ( Kibera comes from the Nubian word Kibra, meaning "forest" or "jungle"). The slums cover two square kilometres and are on government land. Kibera has been the setting for several films, the most recent being _The Constant Gardener _.

Other notable slums include Mathare and Korogocho . Altogether, 66 areas are counted as slums within Nairobi.

Many Nairobi
Nairobi
non-slum-dwellers live in relatively good housing conditions. Large houses can be found in many of the upmarket neighbourhoods, especially to the west of Nairobi. Historically, British occupiers have settled in Gigiri , Muthaiga , Langata and Karen . Other middle and high income estates include Parklands , Westlands , Hurlingham, Kilimani, Milimani, Spring Valley, Lavington, Rosslyn, Kitisuru, and Nairobi
Nairobi
Hill.

To accommodate the growing middle class, many new apartments and housing developments are being built in and around the city. The most notable development is _Greenpark_, at Athi River , Machakos County 25 km (16 mi) from Nairobi's Central Business District. Over 5,000 houses, villas and apartments are being constructed at this development, including leisure, retail and commercial facilities. The development is being marketed to families, as are most others within the city. Eastlands also houses most of the city's middle class and includes South C , South B , Embakasi , Buru Buru , Komarock, Donholm, Umoja, and various others.

CRIME AND LAW ENFORCEMENT

Throughout the 1990s, Nairobi
Nairobi
had struggled with rising crime, earning a reputation for being a dangerous city and the nickname "Nairobbery," a name which persists today. On 7 August 1998, the US Embassy was bombed, killing 224 people and injuring 4000. In 2001, the United Nations International Civil Service Commission rated Nairobi
Nairobi
as among the most insecure cities in the world, classifying the city as "status C". In the United Nations report, it was stated that in 2001, nearly one third of all Nairobi
Nairobi
residents experienced some form of robbery in the city. The head of one development agency cited the notoriously high levels of violent armed robberies, burglaries, and carjackings. Crime had risen in Nairobi
Nairobi
as a result of unplanned urbanisation, with a minimal number of police stations and a proper security infrastructure. However, many claim that the biggest factor for the city's alarming crime rate is police corruption, which leaves many criminals unpunished. As a security precaution, most large houses have a watch guard, burglar grills, and dogs to patrol their grounds during the night. Most crimes, however, occur around the poor neighbourhoods where it gets dangerous during night hours.

In 2006, crime decreased in the city, due to increased security and an improved police presence. Despite this, in 2007, the Kenyan government and US State Department have announced that Nairobi
Nairobi
is experiencing a greater level of violent crime than in previous years. Since then, the government has taken measures to combat crime with heavy police presence in and around the city while US government has updated its travel warning for the country.

Following a grenade attack in October 2011 by a local Kenyan man, with terrorist links, the city faced a heightened security presence. Fears spread over further promised retaliations by the Al-Shabaab group of rebels over Kenya's involvement in a coordinated operation with the Somalian military against the insurgent outfit.

There have been a spate of Blasts in Nairobi which started on 10 March 2012, where assailants threw grenades at a busy bus station and a blue-collar bar in Nairobi, killing nine and injuring more than 50. On 28 May 2012, 28 people were injured in an explosion in a shopping complex in downtown Nairobi, near Moi avenue. On 21 September 2013, Al-Shabaab-associated militants attacked the Westgate Mall . 67 people were killed.

MEDIA

Nation Centre, headquarters of the Nation Media Group

Nairobi
Nairobi
is home to most of Kenya's news and media organisations. The city is also home to the African Great Lakes region's largest newspapers: the _ Daily Nation _ and _The Standard _. These are circulated within Kenya
Kenya
and cover a range of domestic and regional issues. Both newspapers are published in English.

Kenya
Kenya
Broadcasting Corporation , a state-run television and radio station, is headquartered in the city. Kenya
Kenya
Television Network is part of the Standard Group and was Kenya's first privately owned TV station. The Nation Media Group runs NTV which is based in Nairobi. East Africa
Africa
Television Channel 5 is 24-hour music channel based in Dar es Salaam Tanzania
Tanzania
and broadcasts in Uganda, Tanzania, and Kenya. There are also a number of prominent radio stations located in Kenya's capital including KISS 100, Capital FM, East FM, Kameme FM, Metro FM, and Family FM, among others.

Several multinational media organisations have their regional headquarters in Nairobi. These include the BBC
BBC
, CNN
CNN
, Agence France-Presse , Reuters , Deutsche Welle
Deutsche Welle
, and the Associated Press . The East African bureau of CNBC Africa
Africa
is located in Nairobi's city centre, while the Nairobi
Nairobi
bureau of the New York Times
New York Times
is located in the suburb of Gigiri. The broadcast headquarters of CCTV Africa
Africa
are located in Nairobi.

Nairobi
Nairobi
is also home to the East African School of Media Studies due to its large media focus.

THE FUTURE OF NAIROBI

Nairobi
Nairobi
has grown through three centuries. Its population projection in the 21st century is listed below.

YEAR 2009 2018 2023 2030

POPULATION SIZE 3,138,372 4,174,952 4,677,677 5,212,500

TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES

Nairobi
Nairobi
is twinned with:

COUNTRY CITY COUNTY/DISTRICT/PROVINCE/REGION/STATE DATE

USA Denver
Denver
Colorado
Colorado
1975

USA Raleigh North Carolina
North Carolina

Brazil
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro
state 2007

China
China
Kunming
Kunming
Yunnan
Yunnan

China
China
Pingxiang Jiangxi
Jiangxi
2013

Mexico
Mexico
Mexico
Mexico
City Federal District 2007

Venezuela
Venezuela
Colonia Tovar Aragua

FAMOUS NAIROBIANS

* Uhuru Kenyatta , (born 1961), the 4th President of Kenya
Kenya
* Edi Gathegi , (born 1979), Hollywood actor. * Richard Dawkins
Richard Dawkins
, (born 1941), British ethologist and evolutionary biologist * Chris Froome
Chris Froome
, (born 1985), British cyclist, winner of the Tour de France
France
in 2013, 2015, 2016, 2017 * Sharon Laws , (born 1974), British cyclist * Richard Leakey , (born 1944), paleoanthropologist * McDonald Mariga , (born 1987), footballer * Mercy Apondi Obiero , (born 1978), weightlifter * Christina Odone , (born 1960), Biritish-Italian journalist * Wangechi Mutu , (born 1972), Brooklyn
Brooklyn
-based Kenyan artist and sculptor * Dennis Oliech , (born 1985), footballer * George Owino , (born 1981), footballer * Kiran Shah , (born 1956), actor and stuntman * Simon Shaw , (born 1973), English rugby union national team * Victor Wanyama , (born 1991), footballer * Roger Whittaker , (born 1936), British singer and songwriter * Evans Kidero , (born 1957), the 1st Governor of Nairobi * Peter Kenneth , (born 1965), politician * Kiran Shah , (born 1956) Kenyan-Indian actor and stuntman * Philippa Gregory , (born 1954) British novelist * Simon King , (born 1962) British television presenter and cameraman * Arap Bethke , (born 1980) Mexican actor * Gurinder Chadha , (born 1960) British film director * Charles Mnene , (born 1985) Kenyan-British actor * Zena Marshall , (born 1926) British actress

IMAGE GALLERY

*

Nairobi
Nairobi
at sunrise *

KICC Auditorium *

State House *

I">

Nairobi
Nairobi
City Hall *

Entrance to Parliament *

University of Nairobi
University of Nairobi
*

Times Tower *

Jomo Kenyatta
Jomo Kenyatta
Statue *

Nairobi
Nairobi
at sunset *

NSSF Building *

Anniversary Towers

SEE ALSO

* International Centre of Insect Physiology and Ecology * Stanley Hotel, Nairobi * United Nations Environment Programme

* Nairobi
Nairobi
portal * Kenya
Kenya
portal

REFERENCES

* ^ _A_ _B_ "Population Distribution by Political Units". knbs.or.ke. Retrieved 30 March 2015. * ^ Pulse Africa. "Not to be Missed: Nairobi
Nairobi
\'Green City in the Sun\'". pulseafrica.com. Archived from the original on 28 April 2007. Retrieved 14 June 2007. * ^ Roger S. Greenway, Timothy M. Monsma, _Cities: missions' new frontier_, (Baker Book House: 1989), p.163. * ^ City-Data.com. " Nairobi
Nairobi
History". www.city-data.com/. Retrieved 25 August 2008. * ^ "History – Nairobi". City-data.com. Retrieved 18 October 2010. * ^ AlNinga. "Attractions of Nairobi". alninga.com. Retrieved 14 June 2007. * ^ "Major urban areas – population". _cia.gov_. Retrieved 18 November 2014. * ^ "Population distribution by province/district and sex: 1979-199 censuses". Kenya
Kenya
Central Bureau of Statistics. Archived from the original on 14 March 2009. Retrieved 20 March 2009. * ^ Archived 3 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ http://196.200.27.243:8080/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/111/Nairobi.pdf?sequence=3 * ^ http://www.nairobimetro.go.ke/index.php?option=com_docman&task=doc_download&gid=43"> * ^ United Nations University. "Nairobi: National capital and regional hub". unu.edu. Retrieved 17 June 2007. * ^ Reiter, Paul (5 December 2009). "The inconvenient truth about malaria". _Spectator_. * ^ RC Bowen Kenya. "Attractions of Nairobi". kenya.rcbowen.com. Retrieved 18 June 2007. * ^ Merriam-Webster, Inc (1997). _Merriam-Webster\'s Geographical Dictionary_. Merriam-Webster . p. 786. ISBN 0-87779-546-0 . * ^ Dutton, E. A. T. (1929) . "1". _ Kenya
Kenya
Mountain_. Introduction by Hilaire Belloc (1 ed.). London: Jonathan Cape. pp. 1–2. * ^ "Our History", The Kenyatta International Convention Centre. * ^ " Nairobi
Nairobi
Airport Project". The World Bank. Retrieved 7 August 2013. * ^ United States
United States
Embassy. "Quiet Memorials Mark Fourth Anniversary of Embassy Bombing". usembassy.gov. Retrieved 17 June 2007. * ^ "Kibaki to officially open Sh30bn Thika superhighway", _The Nation_, 5 November 2012. * ^ Mairura Omwenga, " Integrated Transport System for Liveable City Environment: A Case Study of Nairobi
Nairobi
Kenya", 47th ISOCARP Congress 2011. * ^ Perceptive Travel. " Nairobi
Nairobi
by Degrees". perceptivetravel.com. Retrieved 14 June 2007. * ^ The East African (2 November 1998). "Karura: Are We Missing the Trees for the Forest?". nationmedia.com. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 14 June 2007. * ^ "Climate: Nairobi
Nairobi
– Climate graph, Temperature graph, Climate table". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved 7 September 2013. * ^ United Nations. "Travel and Visa Information". unhabitat.org. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007. * ^ Gaisma. "Nairobi, Kenya
Kenya
– Sunrise, sunset, dawn and dusk times, table". gaisma.com. Retrieved 22 June 2007. * ^ "WMO Climate Normals for DAGORETTI 1961–1990" . National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 7 July 2015. * ^ "Klimatafel von Nairobi- Dagoretti (Obs.) / Kenia" (PDF). _Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world_ (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved August 31, 2016.

* ^ "Station Nairobi" (in French). Meteo Climat. Retrieved August 31, 2016. * ^ "Klimatafel von Nairobi-Kenyatta (Int.Flugh.) / Kenia" (PDF). _Baseline climate means (1961–1990) from stations all over the world_ (in German). Deutscher Wetterdienst. Retrieved August 31, 2016.

* ^ Nairobi
Nairobi
City Council. "Councillors, Wards & Constituencies". nairobicity.org. Archived from the original on 27 March 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007. * ^ Nairobi
Nairobi
City Council. "Living in Nairobi". nairobicity.org. Archived from the original on 19 March 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007. * ^ Monsters and Critics. "Urban Somali refugees call Nairobi\'s "Little Mogadishu" home". news.monstersandcritics.com. Archived from the original on 17 June 2007. Retrieved 20 June 2007. * ^ Slum, Kibera. " Kibera Slum
Slum
Census Result" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2013. * ^ The Standard. "Kenyans must have a sustained campaign against land grabbing". eastandard.net. Archived from the original on 13 January 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2007. * ^ _A_ _B_ Makworo, Micah; Mireri, Caleb (2011-10-01). "Public open spaces in Nairobi
Nairobi
City, Kenya, under threat". _Journal of Environmental Planning and Management_. 54 (8): 1107–1123. ISSN 0964-0568 . doi :10.1080/09640568.2010.549631 . * ^ " Nairobi
Nairobi
Car Rentals". _ Nairobi
Nairobi
City_. Retrieved 10 Feb 2015. * ^ Archived 19 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Millennium IT. "Live Trading commences at Nairobi
Nairobi
Securities Exchange". millenniumit.com. Archived from the original on 3 November 2006. Retrieved 28 June 2007. * ^ Business Daily. " General Electric
General Electric
moves Africa\'s hub to Nairobi". bdafrica.com. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 18 June 2007. * ^ Press Media Wire. "Cisco Inaugurates East African Headquarters in Nairobi". pressmediawire.com. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. Retrieved 20 July 2008. * ^ "KenGen Heads Index of Africa\'s Top 40 Stocks". nationmedia.com. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 15 October 2006. * ^ Nairobi
Nairobi
City Council. "The Beautification of Nairobi
Nairobi
City Project". nairobicity.org. Archived from the original on 27 January 2007. Retrieved 28 June 2007. * ^ Kenya
Kenya
Broadcasting Corporation. "Vice president Moody Awori urges investors to market the country". kbc.co.ke. Archived from the original on 26 June 2007. Retrieved 28 June 2007. * ^ Emporis Buildings. " Nairobi
Nairobi
High Rise Buildings". emporis.com. Retrieved 25 June 2007. * ^ " Kenya
Kenya
Wildlife Service – Nairobi
Nairobi
National Park". kws.org. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2011. * ^ "World Africa
Africa
East Africa\'s ice skating first". BBC
BBC
News. 20 December 2005. Retrieved 18 October 2010. * ^ "The World Factbook". Cia.gov. Retrieved 28 March 2011. * ^ Build cities to contain population explosion Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Oyugi, Maurice Onyango; K’Akumu, Owiti A. "Land use management challenges for the city of Nairobi". _Urban Forum_. 18 (1): 94–113. ISSN 1015-3802 . doi :10.1007/BF02681232 . * ^ United Nations Office at Nairobi. "The "Green City in the Sun"". unon.org. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 2 July 2007. * ^ Serena Hotels. "About Nairobi, Green City in the Sun". serenahotels.com. Retrieved 2 July 2007. * ^ "Fast food finds fans in sub-Sahara Africa, where obesity problem is growing – World News". Worldnews.nbcnews.com. Retrieved 12 December 2013. * ^ Kenya, EatOut. " Nairobi
Nairobi
Restaurant Week 2016". _eatout.co.ke_. Retrieved 2016-04-10. * ^ "Orchestra Super Mazembe". National Geographic . Archived from the original on 31 December 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2007. * ^ Topdeejays, "Top deejays in database Kenya", "topdeejays.com", * ^ "GES 2015 IS COMING". _GES 2015 - Global Entrepreneurship Summit_. * ^ "Moi International Sports Centre". Stadia. Archived from the original on 14 June 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2007. * ^ " Nyayo National Stadium Facilities". Stadia. Archived from the original on 14 June 2008. Retrieved 4 November 2007. * ^ "Golf in Kenya
Kenya
with Tobs Kenya
Kenya
Golf Safaris". kenya-golf-safaris.com. Retrieved 4 November 2007. * ^ "PGA Golf Tournament Begins in Nairobi". Kenya
Kenya
Tourist Board. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 4 November 2007. * ^ The Standard, 3 April 2009: Kenya
Kenya
Derby is main Jockey Club of Kenya
Kenya
event Archived 13 January 2015 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ " University of Nairobi
University of Nairobi
Factfile – UNIVERSITY OF NAIROBI". * ^ Sunday, Frankline. "Aviation sector in new high as passenger numbers hit record 10 million". * ^ Muiruri, Peter. " Wilson Airport builds Sh163m tower amidst land grabbing claims". * ^ United Nations Offices Nairobi
Nairobi
Interns. "How to get around Nairobi". interns.unon.org. Archived from the original on 3 February 2007. Retrieved 5 July 2007. * ^ "Crackdown hits Kenyan commuters". BBC. 2 February 2004. Retrieved 3 July 2006. * ^ http://www.isocarp.net/data/case_studies/2022.pdf * ^ IRC E-source (7 August 2009). "Kenya: Nairobi
Nairobi
water board sent packing following reports on malpractices". Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 12 November 2011. * ^ "Where the Sidewalks End". Globalurban.org. 11 September 2001. Retrieved 18 October 2010. * ^ BBC
BBC
News (20 September 2005). "Living amidst the rubbish of Kenya\'s slum". news.bbc.co.uk/. Retrieved 25 August 2008. * ^ "IRIN In-Depth KENYA: Kibera, The Forgotten City East Africa
Africa
Kenya
Kenya
Environment Urban Risk In-Depth". Irinnews.org. Archived from the original on 12 June 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2010.

* ^ CSG Kibera. "What is Kibera?". www.csgkibera.org/. Retrieved 25 August 2008. * ^ High Beam Encyclopedia. "The slums of Nairobi: explaining urban misery". encyclopedia.com. Archived from the original on 23 March 2008. Retrieved 2 July 2007. * ^ Kenya
Kenya
Engineer. "Housing estate being developed at Stoney Athi". kenyaengineer.com. Archived from the original on 14 October 2007. Retrieved 2 July 2007. * ^ "The Real Cost of Corruption, Incompetence and Impunity in Kenya.". _The Huffington Post_. 6 May 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-08. * ^ 1998 United States embassy bombings * ^ Lacey, Marc (29 November 2001). "U.N. Study Says Nairobi
Nairobi
Is Inundated With Crime". _The New York Times_. * ^ Xinhua News. "U.N. Starts Crime Study in Kenya\'s Capital". www.xinhuanet.com/. Retrieved 25 August 2008. * ^ Kenya
Kenya
Police. "Comparative Crime Figures for the Year 2005 and 2006" (PDF). www.kenyapolice.go.ke/. Retrieved 25 August 2008. * ^ OSAC – Kenya
Kenya
2007 Crime "> * ^ _A_ _B_ "Kenyan Sentenced to Life in Prison for Grenade Attacks". _VOA News_. 28 October 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2011. * ^ "Nairobi\'s bars are quiet as residents stay home in fear of further attacks". _The Guardian_. 27 October 2011. Retrieved 7 November 2011. * ^ "Explosion hits downtown Nairobi". 29 May 2012. * ^ "Nairobi\'s Westgate mall attack: six months later, troubling questions weigh heavily". csmonitor.com. Retrieved 23 March 2014. * ^ "Chinese Premier Li visits African branch of CCTV". xinhuanet. 12 May 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2015. * ^ http://www.nairobi.go.ke/assets/Documents/EI-JR14112-Master-Plan-02-2-1.pdf * ^ "Sister Cities International". Sister-cities.org. Archived from the original on 16 July 2010. Retrieved 18 October 2010. * ^ "Raleigh, North Carolina". Sister Cities International . Retrieved 29 January 2013. * ^ " Denver
Denver
Mayor Michael Hancock gets set for African trip". Blogs.denverpost.com. 18 April 2013. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 12 December 2013. * ^ Kenya, Coastweek. "The most from the coast". Coastweek. Retrieved 12 December 2013. * ^ "Convenio de amistad entre Ciudad de México y Nairobi" (PDF) (in Spanish). SEGOB .

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for NAIROBI _.

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to NAIROBI _.

* _ "Nairobi". Encyclopædia Britannica _. 19 (11th ed.). 1911. * The City Council of Nairobi