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Nairn
Nairn
(/ˈnɛərn/ NAIRN; Gaelic: Inbhir Narann) is a town and former burgh in the Highland council area of Scotland. It is an ancient fishing port and market town around 16 miles (26 km) east of Inverness. It is the traditional county town of the county of Nairn, also known as Nairnshire. The town is the second largest settlement in the Highlands of Scotland with around 12,000 inhabitants - and the largest town: only the city of Inverness
Inverness
being larger. Nairn
Nairn
is best known as a seaside resort, with two golf courses, award-winning beaches, a community centre/mid-scale arts venue ( Nairn
Nairn
Community & Arts Centre),[3] a small theatre (called The Little Theatre[4]) and one small museum, providing information on the local area and incorporating the collection of the former Fishertown museum.

Contents

1 History 2 Parliamentary burgh 3 Climate 4 Current developments 5 Religion 6 Sport 7 Culture 8 Notable people 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

History[edit]

Seal of the Burgh
Burgh
of Nairn, depicting Saint Ninian
Saint Ninian
(from a 1906 book)

King James VI of Scotland
Scotland
visited the town in 1589 and is said to have later remarked that the High Street was so long that the people at either end spoke different languages, Scots and Gaelic. The landward farmers generally spoke Scots and the fishing families at the harbour end, Gaelic.[5] Nairn, formerly split into Scottish Gaelic- and Scots-speaking communities, was a town of two halves in other ways. The narrow-streeted fishertown surrounds a harbour built by Thomas Telford while Victorian villas stand in the 'West End'. It is believed that the Duke of Cumberland stayed in Nairn
Nairn
the night before the battle of Culloden. In 1645, during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms, the battle of Auldearn was fought near the town, between Royalists and Covenanters. It was not until the 1860s that Nairn
Nairn
became a respectable and popular holiday town. Dr. John Grigor (a statue of whom is located at Viewfield) was gifted a house in this coastal town and spent his retirement there. He valued its warm climate and advised his wealthy clients to holiday there. Following the opening of the Nairn
Nairn
railway station in 1855, new houses and hotels were built in the elegant West End. The station is on the Aberdeen
Aberdeen
to Inverness
Inverness
Line. Originally this was the last stop on the line from London due to the inhospitable terrain on what is now the main Dava branch line to Inverness. Nairn
Nairn
has an expanse of sand beaches that were used extensively in training exercises for the Normandy landings during World War 2. The beaches around Nairn
Nairn
had landmines planted, during clearance operations in 1945 by 11th Company, Bomb Disposal, Royal engineers. High pressure water jetting was used to displace shingle on top of mines to make clearance easier. Notably during this period two German spies who had been dropped by U-boat in the Moray Firth were arrested at Nairn railway station
Nairn railway station
attempting to board a train to Inverness. Parliamentary burgh[edit] The burgh of Nairn
Nairn
was a parliamentary burgh, combined with the burghs of Inverness, Fortrose
Fortrose
and Forres, in the Inverness
Inverness
Burghs constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1708 to 1918. The constituency was abolished in 1918 and the Forres
Forres
and Nairn
Nairn
components were merged into the then new constituency of Moray and Nairn. Climate[edit] Like the rest of the British Isles, Nairn
Nairn
experiences a maritime climate with cool summers and mild winters. It is one of the driest locations in Scotland
Scotland
due to the rain shadowing effect of the surrounding mountains.

Climate data for Nairn, 23m asl, 1971-2000, Extremes 1951-1980

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 15.0 (59) 15.0 (59) 17.8 (64) 19.4 (66.9) 25.9 (78.6) 27.8 (82) 29.0 (84.2) 30.6 (87.1) 25.0 (77) 24.4 (75.9) 17.9 (64.2) 14.3 (57.7) 30.6 (87.1)

Average high °C (°F) 6.3 (43.3) 6.9 (44.4) 8.7 (47.7) 10.7 (51.3) 13.8 (56.8) 16.0 (60.8) 18.3 (64.9) 18.0 (64.4) 15.5 (59.9) 12.4 (54.3) 8.8 (47.8) 6.9 (44.4) 11.86 (53.33)

Average low °C (°F) 0.5 (32.9) 0.3 (32.5) 1.9 (35.4) 3.2 (37.8) 5.7 (42.3) 8.4 (47.1) 10.5 (50.9) 10.1 (50.2) 8.1 (46.6) 5.8 (42.4) 2.7 (36.9) 1.0 (33.8) 4.85 (40.73)

Record low °C (°F) −12.8 (9) −16.7 (1.9) −11.1 (12) −6.7 (19.9) −3.3 (26.1) −2.2 (28) 2.0 (35.6) 0.5 (32.9) −1.9 (28.6) −3.3 (26.1) −10.6 (12.9) −12.2 (10) −16.7 (1.9)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 51.94 (2.0449) 36.79 (1.4484) 42.51 (1.6736) 38.01 (1.4965) 43.92 (1.7291) 50.56 (1.9906) 48.38 (1.9047) 55.33 (2.1783) 60.34 (2.3756) 55.59 (2.1886) 57.49 (2.2634) 50.32 (1.9811) 591.18 (23.2748)

Mean monthly sunshine hours 44.18 76.18 101.39 129.58 175.39 156.08 153.68 146.95 114.94 88.50 53.84 33.49 1,274.2

Source #1: Met Office[6]

Source #2: ScotClim[7]

Current developments[edit]

Nairn
Nairn
Town Hall

The A96 from Inverness
Inverness
to Aberdeen
Aberdeen
currently passes through Nairn
Nairn
town itself. Fergus Ewing, Scottish National Party
Scottish National Party
MSP for Inverness
Inverness
and Nairn
Nairn
(and before 2011 Inverness
Inverness
East, Nairn
Nairn
and Lochaber), has been canvassing for a Nairn
Nairn
by-pass to be developed.[8] At present Scottish Government
Scottish Government
investment in the transport infrastructure has focused on the Inverness
Inverness
to Nairn
Nairn
stretch of road, especially to improve links to Inverness
Inverness
Airport.[9] However, there are no current plans to build a Nairn
Nairn
by-pass until after 2011. Land to the east and south of the town is being considered for the further development of 1400 houses, with additional plans submitted by Lord Cawdor to double the size of the town over the next 10–15 years through private investment.[10] Nairn
Nairn
Improvement Community Enterprise was formed in 2010 as a company limited by guarantee to facilitate the regeneration of Nairn
Nairn
Town Centre and its surrounding areas and membership is open to all residents.[11] Religion[edit] The Old Parish Church (St Ninian's) is on Academy Street in Nairn. It is still in use as a Church of Scotland
Scotland
church. St Columba's Episcopal Church is on Queen Street; the church was built of sandstone with a slate roof in 1857 and is still in use.[12] Sport[edit] Nairn
Nairn
is known as a golfing destination, with two 18 hole Championship golf courses. One of these, The Nairn
Nairn
Golf
Golf
Club was established in 1887. Its designers include Archie Simpson, Old Tom Morris
Old Tom Morris
and James Braid. It has hosted many tournaments culminating in the 1999 Walker Cup and was the venue for the 2012 Curtis Cup. The second is Nairn Dunbar Golf
Golf
Club. The local football team is Nairn
Nairn
County F.C., who play in the Highland Football League. After a long lean spell of 31 years in 2006 they won the North of Scotland
Scotland
Cup 3-1 against local rivals Forres
Forres
Mechanics F.C. at Grant Street Park, Inverness
Inverness
and they won again against Wick Academy F.C. in 2012. The town has another football team, Nairn
Nairn
St. Ninian F.C., who are members of the Scottish Junior Football Association and are based at Showfield Park. Culture[edit] The town also hosts the Nairn
Nairn
International Jazz Festival[13] each August, usually attracting some well-known and world class musicians. In 2007 Oscar-winning actress Tilda Swinton, who lives in Nairn, created a film festival entitled "Ballerina Ballroom Cinema of Dreams", which was held in the Nairn
Nairn
Public Hall.[14] It generated worldwide press about the festival and Nairn.[15] Nairn
Nairn
is also the host for the annual Nairn
Nairn
Book & Arts festival which takes place every year in June at the Nairn
Nairn
Community & Arts Centre. Nairn
Nairn
is home to the Little Theatre, run by the Nairn
Nairn
Drama Club, which was established in 1946. Each year the club produces a number of shows, of varying genres, with the annual Christmas panto being the largest production of all. The Theatre began in dilapidated premises but was rebuilt and reopened in 2004. Nairn
Nairn
stages one of the biggest Highland games in the North. The first event was held in 1867, and it is now one of the few where entry remains free. The games are a major event in the local social calendar. Notable people[edit]

Charlie Chaplin, used to holiday every year in Nairn
Nairn
and stayed at the Newton Hotel.[16] Margaret Fulton, food and cookery author, writer, journalist, author, and commentator. She was the first of this genre of writers in Australia. James Augustus Grant, who was the first European to discover the outpouring of the White Nile
White Nile
from Lake Victoria, together with Speke was born at Househill, attended Nairn
Nairn
Academy and died at Nairn
Nairn
in 1892. There is a plaque to his memory in St Paul's Cathedral. Frances Mary Hendry, author of children's historical fiction, resides in Nairn, where many of her books are set. Grenville Johnston, Lord Lieutenant of Moray, born here. Tilda Swinton, British actress and her children have resided in Nairn since 2007. David St John Thomas, British author and publisher resided here prior to his death in 2014. William Whitelaw, the British deputy Prime Minister 1979–88, was born in Nairn
Nairn
and has a street named after his family.

See also[edit]

Nairn
Nairn
Town and County Hospital

References[edit]

^ "2011 Population of Main Highland Towns & Villages, Highland Council". Archived from the original on 2014-02-09.  ^ The Royal Automobile Club Guide & Handbook, 1978. London: RAC; p. 368 ^ "Home". nairncc.co.uk.  ^ " Nairn
Nairn
Drama Club". nairndrama.org.uk.  ^ Thomson, David (1998) Nairn
Nairn
in Darkness and Light. Vintage. ISBN 978-0-09-959990-6 ^ "Caldecott 1961-90 averages". Met Office. Retrieved 2 Nov 2011.  ^ " Nairn
Nairn
extremes 1951-1980". weather.org.uk. Retrieved 2 Nov 2011.  ^ "Parliamentary Questions & Answers".  ^ "A96 Corridor Plan" (PDF).  ^ Ross, Calum. – "A96 corridor may house extra 9000".- The Inverness Courier. – 8 August 2006 ^ NICE Nairn
Nairn
Retrieved 19 April 2014. ^ "St Columba's Episcopal, Nairn
Nairn
- Nairn, Highland - Places of Worship in Scotland
Scotland
- SCHR". www.scottishchurches.org.uk.  ^ "Jazz Nairn". jazznairn.org.  ^ "Ballerina Ballroom - Ballroom History". spanglefish.com.  ^ "Ballerina Ballroom - Home". spanglefish.com.  ^ McKenzie, Steven (14 July 2008). "The chronicles of Nairn-ia". BBC News. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nairn.

 "Nairn". Encyclopædia Britannica. 19 (11th ed.). 1911.  A Gurn from Nurn with views on politics, culture, upcoming events etc. Nairn
Nairn
Scotland
Scotland
Portal
Portal
offering a guide to visiting and living in the area. Nairn
Nairn
River Community Council Visit Nairn
Nairn
Tourism and visitor

.