The Nagoya Municipal Subway (名古屋市営地下鉄 Nagoya Shiei Chikatetsu) is a rapid transit system serving Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture in Japan. It consists of six lines that cover 93.3 kilometers (58.0 mi) of route and serve 87 stations. Approximately 90% of the subway's total track length is underground.
The subway system is owned and operated by Transportation Bureau City of Nagoya and, like other large Japanese cities including Tokyo and Osaka, is heavily complemented by suburban rail, together forming an extensive network of 47 lines in and around Greater Nagoya. Of them, the subway lines represent 38% of Greater Nagoya's total rail ridership of 3 million passengers a day.
In 2002, the system introduced Hatchii as its official mascot.
The six lines that comprise the Nagoya subway network are, for the most part, independent. However, Meikō Line services partially interline with the Meijō Line, and the operations of both lines are combined. Therefore, there are in fact five distinct services on the subway. They are mostly self-contained, but two of its lines have through services onto lines owned and operated by Meitetsu, the largest private railway operator in the region. One of these, the Kamiida Line, is essentially an extension of the Meitetsu Komaki Line to which it connects.
The two older subway lines, the Higashiyama and Meijō/Meikō Lines, run on standard gauge track and use 600 volt DC electrification from a third rail. They, are, along with the Ginza and Marunouchi Lines, the only railway lines in Japan to use this electrification system. Subsequent lines were built to narrow gauge and employ 1,500 volt DC electrification from overhead lines, in common with most other rapid transit lines in the country.
As with other railway lines in Japan, tickets can be purchased from ticket vending machines in stations. Since February 2011, this has largely been supplemented by Manaca, a rechargeable smart card. By the next year, it had replaced Tranpass, the predecessor integrated ticketing system, which could be used at all subway stations and for other connected transportation systems in the region.
|yellow||H||Line 1||Higashiyama Line||東山線||1957||1982||20.6 km (12.8 mi)||22|
|purple||M||Line 2||Meijō Line||名城線||1965[Note 1]||1971||8.9 km (5.5 mi)||12[Note 2]|
|Line 4||1974[Note 3]||2004||17.5 km (10.9 mi)||17[Note 2]|
|E||Line 2||Meikō Line||名港線||1971[Note 4]||–||6.0 km (3.7 mi)||7[Note 5]|
|blue||IY||Via trackage rights||Meitetsu Inuyama Line||名鉄犬山線||1993[Note 6]||–||21.4 km (13.3 mi)||13[Note 7]|
|T||Line 3||Tsurumai Line||鶴舞線||1977||1993||20.4 km (12.7 mi)||20|
|TT||Via trackage rights||Meitetsu Toyota Line||名鉄豊田線||1979[Note 8]||–||15.2 km (9.4 mi)||8[Note 9]|
|MY||Meitetsu Mikawa Line||名鉄三河線||N/A[Note 10]||–||1.4 km (0.87 mi)||2[Note 9]|
|red||S||Line 6||Sakura-dōri Line||桜通線||1989||2011||19.1 km (11.9 mi)||21|
|pink||KM||Via trackage rights||Meitetsu Komaki Line||名鉄小牧線||2003[Note 11]||–||18.3 km (11.4 mi)||13[Note 12]|
|2003[Note 13]||–||2.3 km (1.4 mi)||2[Note 14]|
|K||Line 7||Kamiiida Line||上飯田線||2003[Note 15]||–||0.8 km (0.50 mi)||2[Note 16]|
|Total (Subway only – not incl. trackage rights portions):||93.3 km||87|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nagoya Municipal Subway.|