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NAGOYA (名古屋市, _Nagoya-shi_, Japanese pronunciation: ) is the largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan
Japan
. It is Japan's third-largest incorporated city and the fourth most populous urban area. It is located on the Pacific
Pacific
coast on central Honshu . It is the capital of Aichi Prefecture
Aichi Prefecture
and is one of Japan's major ports along with those of Tokyo
Tokyo
, Osaka
Osaka
, Kobe
Kobe
, Yokohama
Yokohama
, Chiba , and Kitakyushu . It is also the center of Japan's third-largest metropolitan region , known as the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area . As of 2015 , 2.28 million people lived in the city, part of Chūkyō Metropolitan Area's 9.10 million people.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology

* 2 History

* 2.1 Origin * 2.2 Tokugawa period * 2.3 Industrialization * 2.4 World War II
World War II
and later

* 3 Geography and administrative divisions

* 3.1 Wards * 3.2 Climate

* 4 Demographics

* 5 Economy

* 5.1 Automotive industry * 5.2 Aviation industry * 5.3 Ceramics * 5.4 Technology * 5.5 Retail * 5.6 Arts and Crafts * 5.7 Other

* 6 Transportation * 7 Education

* 8 Culture

* 8.1 Museums * 8.2 Theatres * 8.3 Festivals * 8.4 Dialect * 8.5 Handicrafts * 8.6 Cuisine

* 9 Sports * 10 In popular culture

* 11 International relations

* 11.1 Twin towns – Sister cities

* 12 Notable people

* 12.1 Historical figures * 12.2 Inventors and industrialists * 12.3 Executive officers * 12.4 Writers * 12.5 Musicians and composers * 12.6 Actors * 12.7 Athletes * 12.8 Manga artists

* 13 Sightseeing * 14 References * 15 Bibliography * 16 External links

ETYMOLOGY

Skyline of Nagoya
Nagoya
City

The city's name was historically written as 那古野 or 名護屋 (both read as _Nagoya_). One possible origin is the adjective _nagoyaka_ (なごやか), meaning 'peaceful'.

The name Chūkyō (中京, consisting of _chū_ (middle) + _kyō_ (capital)) is also used to refer to Nagoya. Notable examples of the use of the name Chūkyō include the Chūkyō Industrial Area , Chūkyō Metropolitan Area , Chūkyō Television Broadcasting , Chukyo University and the Chukyo Racecourse .

HISTORY

See also: Timeline of Nagoya

ORIGIN

_ The Great Atsuta Shrine , which dates back to c. 100 CE and houses the holy sword Kusanagi , one of the imperial regalia of Japan
Japan
Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
was constructed as the seat of the Owari branch of the ruling Tokugawa clan .

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Oda Nobunaga and his protégés Toyotomi Hideyoshi and Tokugawa Ieyasu were powerful warlords based in the Nagoya
Nagoya
area who gradually succeeded in unifying Japan. In 1610, Tokugawa Ieyasu moved the capital of Owari Province from Kiyosu, about seven kilometers (4.3 miles) away, to a more strategic location in present-day Nagoya.

TOKUGAWA PERIOD

During this period Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
was constructed, built partly from materials taken from Kiyosu Castle . During the construction, the entire town around Kiyosu Castle, consisting of around 60,000 people, moved from Kiyosu to the newly planned town around Nagoya
Nagoya
Castle. Around the same time, the nearby ancient Atsuta Shrine was designated as a waystation, called Miya (the Shrine), on the important Tōkaidō road, which linked the two capitals of Kyoto
Kyoto
and Edo
Edo
(now Tokyo). A town developed around the temple to support travelers. The castle and shrine towns formed the city.

INDUSTRIALIZATION

During the Meiji Restoration Japan's provinces were restructured into prefectures and the government changed from family to bureaucratic rule. Nagoya
Nagoya
was proclaimed a city on October 1, 1889, and designated a city on September 1, 1956, by government ordinance .

Nagoya
Nagoya
became an industrial hub for the region. Its economic sphere included the famous pottery towns of Tokoname , Tajimi and Seto , as well as Okazaki , one of the only places where gunpowder was produced under the shogunate . Other industries included cotton and complex mechanical dolls called _karakuri ningyō _.

Mitsubishi Aircraft Company was established in 1920 in Nagoya
Nagoya
and became one of the largest aircraft manufacturers in Japan. The availability of space and the central location of the region and the well-established connectivity were some of the major factors that lead to the establishment of the aviation industry there.

WORLD WAR II AND LATER

Nagoya
Nagoya
was the target of US air raids during World War II
World War II
. The population of Nagoya
Nagoya
at this time was estimated to be 1.5 million, fourth among Japanese cities and one of the three largest centers of the Japanese aircraft industry. It was estimated that 25% of its workers were engaged in aircraft production. Important Japanese aircraft targets (numbers 193, 194, 198, 2010, and 1729) were within the city itself, while others (notably 240 and 1833) were to the north of Kagamigahara . It was estimated that they produced between 40% and 50% of Japanese combat aircraft and engines, such as the vital Mitsubishi A6M Zero fighter. The Nagoya
Nagoya
area also produced machine tools, bearings, railway equipment, metal alloys, tanks, motor vehicles and processed foods during World War II
World War II
.

Air raids began on April 18, 1942, with an attack on a Mitsubishi Heavy Industries aircraft works, the Matsuhigecho oil warehouse, the Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
military barracks and the Nagoya
Nagoya
war industries plant. The bombing continued through the spring of 1945, and included large-scale firebombing . Nagoya
Nagoya
was the target of two of Bomber Command ’s attacks. These incendiary attacks, one by day and one by night, devastated 15.3 square kilometres (5.9 sq mi) . The XXI Bomber Command established a new U.S. Army Air Force record with the greatest tonnage ever released on a single target in one mission—3,162 tons of incendiaries. It also destroyed or damaged twenty-eight of the numbered targets and raised the area burned to almost one-fourth of the entire city. Nagoya
Nagoya
Castle, which was being used as a military command post, was hit and mostly destroyed on May 14, 1945. Reconstruction of the main building was completed in 1959.

In 1959, the city was flooded and severely damaged by the Ise-wan Typhoon .

GEOGRAPHY AND ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

View of the Nōbi Plain, Kiso Three Rivers and Nagoya
Nagoya
from Mount Sanpo and Mount Yoro

Nagoya
Nagoya
lies north of Ise Bay on the Nōbi Plain . The city was built on low-level plateaus to ward off floodwaters. The plain is one of the nation's most fertile areas. The Kiso River flows to the west along the city border, and the Shōnai River comes from the northeast and turns south towards the bay at Nishi Ward. The man-made Hori River was constructed as a canal in 1610. It flows from north to south, as part of the Shōnai River system. The rivers allowed for trade with the hinterland. The Tempaku River feeds from a number of smaller river in the east, flows briefly south at Nonami and then west at Ōdaka into the bay.

The city's location and its position in the centre of Japan
Japan
allowed it to develop economically and politically.

WARDS

A map of Nagoya's Wards

Nagoya
Nagoya
has 16 wards :

* Atsuta-ku * Chikusa-ku * Higashi-ku * Kita-ku * Meitō-ku * Midori-ku * Minami-ku * Minato-ku * Mizuho-ku * Moriyama-ku * Naka-ku —administrative center * Nakagawa-ku * Nakamura-ku * Nishi-ku * Shōwa-ku * Tempaku-ku

CLIMATE

Nagoya
Nagoya
has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification _Cfa_) with hot summers and cool winters. The summer is noticeably wetter than the winter, although rain falls throughout the year.

CLIMATE DATA FOR NAGOYA, AICHI (1981–2010)

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 21.0 (69.8) 23.5 (74.3) 25.8 (78.4) 30.5 (86.9) 34.8 (94.6) 35.8 (96.4) 38.9 (102) 39.9 (103.8) 38.0 (100.4) 32.7 (90.9) 27.2 (81) 22.6 (72.7) 39.9 (103.8)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 9.0 (48.2) 10.1 (50.2) 13.9 (57) 19.9 (67.8) 24.1 (75.4) 27.2 (81) 30.8 (87.4) 32.8 (91) 28.6 (83.5) 22.8 (73) 17.0 (62.6) 11.6 (52.9) 20.7 (69.3)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 4.5 (40.1) 5.2 (41.4) 8.7 (47.7) 14.4 (57.9) 18.9 (66) 22.7 (72.9) 26.4 (79.5) 27.8 (82) 24.1 (75.4) 18.1 (64.6) 12.2 (54) 7.0 (44.6) 15.8 (60.4)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 0.8 (33.4) 1.1 (34) 4.2 (39.6) 9.6 (49.3) 14.5 (58.1) 19.0 (66.2) 23.0 (73.4) 24.3 (75.7) 20.7 (69.3) 14.1 (57.4) 8.1 (46.6) 3.1 (37.6) 11.9 (53.4)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) −10.3 (13.5) −9.5 (14.9) −6.8 (19.8) −2.1 (28.2) 2.8 (37) 8.2 (46.8) 14.0 (57.2) 14.4 (57.9) 9.5 (49.1) 1.5 (34.7) −2.7 (27.1) −7.2 (19) −10.3 (13.5)

AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 48.4 (1.906) 65.6 (2.583) 121.8 (4.795) 124.8 (4.913) 156.5 (6.161) 201.0 (7.913) 203.6 (8.016) 126.3 (4.972) 234.4 (9.228) 128.3 (5.051) 79.7 (3.138) 45.0 (1.772) 1,535.3 (60.445)

AVERAGE SNOWFALL CM (INCHES) 5 (2) 8 (3.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (1.2) 16 (6.3)

AVERAGE RAINY DAYS (≥ 0.5 MM) 6.8 7.5 10.2 10.4 11.4 12.8 13.0 8.7 11.9 9.5 7.2 6.9 116.2

AVERAGE SNOWY DAYS 6.4 5.4 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.6 16.6

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 64 61 59 60 65 71 74 70 71 68 66 65 66

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 170.1 170.0 189.1 196.6 197.5 149.9 164.3 200.4 151.0 169.0 162.7 172.2 2,091.6

Source #1:

Source #2: (records)

DEMOGRAPHICS

One of the earliest censuses , carried out in 1889, counted 157,496 residents. The population reached the 1 million mark in 1934 and as of December 2010 had an estimated population of 2,259,993 with a population density of 6,923 persons per km². Also as of December 2010 an estimated 1,019,859 households resided there—a significant increase from 153,370 at the end of World War II
World War II
in 1945.

The area is 326.45 square kilometres (126.04 sq mi). Its metropolitan area extends into the Mie and Gifu
Gifu
prefectures, with a total population of about 9 million people, surpassed only by Osaka
Osaka
and Tokyo.

ECONOMY

Main articles: Chūkyō Metropolitan Area and Chūkyō Industrial Area Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
and the Meieki district with skyscrapers under construction Nagoya Stock Exchange in the Isemachi district The first MRJ prototype at Nagoya Airfield in Komaki (2015)

Nagoya
Nagoya
is the center of Greater Nagoya , which earned nearly 70 percent of Japan's 2003 trade surplus.

AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY

Nagoya's main industry is automotive. Toyota
Toyota
's luxury brand Lexus
Lexus
, Denso , Aisin Seiki Co. , Toyota
Toyota
Industries , JTEKT and Toyota
Toyota
Boshoku have their headquarters in or near Nagoya. Mitsubishi Motors
Mitsubishi Motors
has an R"> Chubu International Airport , constructed on an artificial island Meitetsu's μSky Limited Express

Nagoya
Nagoya
is served by Chūbu Centrair International Airport (NGO), built on an artificial island in Tokoname . The airport has international flights and a high volume of domestic flights.

A second airport is Nagoya Airfield ( Komaki Airport, NKM) near the city's boundary with Komaki and Kasugai . On February 17, 2005 Nagoya Airport's commercial international flights moved to Centrair Airport. Nagoya Airfield is now used for general aviation and as an airbase and is the main Fuji Dream Airlines hub.

Nagoya Station , the world's largest train station by floor area, is on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Shinkansen
line, the Tōkaidō Main Line , and the Chūō Main Line , among others. JR Central . which operates the Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Shinkansen
, has its headquarter there. Meitetsu
Meitetsu
is also based in Nagoya, and along with Kintetsu provides regional rail service to the Tōkai and Kansai regions . Nagoya
Nagoya
Subway provides urban transit service.

Nagoya Port is the largest port by international trade value in Japan. Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation exports via this port.

*

Nagoya Station *

Oasis 21
Oasis 21
bus terminal *

Entrance to Shiyakusho Subway Station *

Nagoya Airfield *

Port of Nagoya *

Isewangan Expressway *

Nagoya Expressway

EDUCATION

The old Nagoya
Nagoya
Court of Appeals building, today the city archive Nagoya University campus in Higashiyama. The university has produced six Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
laureates in science. Nanzan University main campus, designed by renowned architect Antonin Raymond in the 1960s.

Nagoya
Nagoya
has mostly state-run primary and secondary schools. The area in the city limits includes international schools such as the Colégio Brasil Japão Prof. Shinoda Brazilian school .

State and private colleges and universities primarily located in the eastern area. Some Western-style institutions were founded early in the Meiji era, with more opening during the Taishō and Shōwa eras. Nagoya University was set up in 1871 as a medical school and has produced six Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
laureates in science. Nanzan University was established by the Roman Catholic Society of the Divine Word in 1932 as a high school and expanded to include Nanzan Junior College and the Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture . The main campus was designed in the 1960s by the renowned architect Antonin Raymond . Some universities specialise in engineering and technology, such as Nagoya University Engineering school, Nagoya Institute of Technology and Toyota
Toyota
Technological Institute ; these universities receive support and grants from companies such as Toyota.

Other colleges and universities include: Aichi Prefectural College of Nursing & Health , Aichi Shukutoku Junior College , Aichi Toho University , Chukyo University , Daido University , Doho University , Kinjo Gakuin University , Kinjo Gakuin University Junior College , Meijo University , Nagoya City University , Nagoya College of Music , Nagoya Future Culture College , Nagoya Gakuin University , Nagoya Management Junior College , Nagoya
Nagoya
Women\'s University , St. Mary\'s College, Nagoya
Nagoya
, Sugiyama Jogakuen University , Sugiyama Jogakuen University Junior College , Tokai Gakuen Women\'s College . Various universities from outside Nagoya
Nagoya
have set up satellite campuses, such as Tokyo
Tokyo
University of Social Welfare .

The Hōsa Library dates to the 17th century and houses 110,000 items, including books of classic literature that are an heirloom of the Owari Tokugawa and were bequeathed to the city. The Nagoya
Nagoya
City Archives store a large collection of documents and books. Tsuruma Central Library is a public library and Nagoya
Nagoya
International Center has a collection of foreign-language books. National Universities

* Nagoya University (名古屋大学, _ Nagoya
Nagoya
Daigaku_) * Nagoya Institute of Technology (名古屋工業大学, _Nagoya Kōgyō Daigaku_)

Prefectural University

* Aichi Prefectural College of Nursing "> The Tokugawa Art Museum, which houses some of the finest art treasures of Japan
Japan
Textile Machinery Pavilion in the Toyota
Toyota
Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology SCMaglev and Railway Park

Nagoya
Nagoya
has multiple museums, including traditional and modern art, handicrafts to industrial high-tech, natural and scientific museums.

Nagoya
Nagoya
Castle's collection is from the Owari Tokugawa era. The main tower is a museum that details the history of the castle and the city. The Honmaru Palace, destroyed in World War II, is slated for reconstruction by 2016 and will again be a prime example of the _ Shoin-zukuri _ architecture of the feudal era. Tokugawa Art Museum is a private museum belonging to the Owari Tokugawa, who lived in Nagoya castle for 16 generations. Among other things, it contains 10 designated national Treasures of Japan
Japan
, including some of the oldest scrolls of _ The Tale of Genji _. The Nagoya
Nagoya
Noh Theatre houses various precious objects of Noh theatre . The Nagoya
Nagoya
City Museum showcases the history of the town.

Yōki-sō is a villa and gardens located in Chikusa-ku, close to Nittai-ji. It was constructed in the Taisho era for Ito Jirozaemon Suketami XV, the first president of Matsuzakaya .

Paintings and sculpture are exhibited at the Nagoya City Art Museum . Modern art is displayed at the Aichi Arts Center
Aichi Arts Center
. The Aichi Arts Center also is the venue of rotating exhibitions. The city is also home to the Nagoya/Boston Museum of Fine Arts , a sister museum to the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston , which was founded to bring aspects of the MFA's collection to Japan.

The art of porcelain and ceramics can be seen at the Noritake Garden . Toyota
Toyota
has two museums in the city, the Toyota
Toyota
Automobile Museum which shows vintage cars, and the Toyota
Toyota
Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology , which showcases company history, including its start as a textile mill .

The Nagoya
Nagoya
City Tram "> Aichi Arts Center
Aichi Arts Center
in Sakae

Noh theatre and Kyōgen date back to the feudal times of the Owari Tokugawa. The Nagoya
Nagoya
Noh Theater at Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
continues that tradition and is a prominent feature in the cultural life of the city, with monthly performances.

Developed during the Edo
Edo
period, one of Japan's _kabuki _ grand stages is Misono-za , which also hosts various other Japanese entertainment such as concerts.

In 1912 the musician Gorō Morita invented the Nagoya harp music instrument.

In 1992, the large, modern Aichi Arts Center
Aichi Arts Center
was opened in Sakae. It is the main venue for performing arts , featuring a main hall that can be used for opera and theatre and a concert hall. The Nagoya Philharmonic Orchestra performs there, as well as many visiting guest orchestras.

FESTIVALS

_ Tsutsui-chō/Dekimachi tennōsai Nagoya
Nagoya
matsuri Daidō-chōnin Matsuri_ in Ōsu

Apart from the main national festivals and holidays, other festivals in Nagoya
Nagoya
are unique to the city/region.

Major events include the June Atsuta Festival, the July Port Festival, the August Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
Summer Festival Castle and the October Nagoya
Nagoya
Festival. Wards and areas host local festivals such as the _Daidō-chōnin Matsuri_ (大須大道町人祭, _Street Performer's Festival_) in Ōsu.

DIALECT

The Nagoya dialect (名古屋弁, _Nagoya-ben_) is spoken in the western half of Aichi Prefecture, centering on Nagoya. It is also called Owari dialect (尾張弁, _Owari-ben_). The Nagoya dialect is relatively close to standard Japanese and to the Kansai dialect , differing in pronunciation and vocabulary.

HANDICRAFTS

The industry of Japanese handicrafts in the city is centuries old.

* Arimatsu and Narumi dye: during the construction of Nagoya
Nagoya
Castle in the 17th century, the lords of Owari called in skilled craftsmen from Bungo Province in Kyushu
Kyushu
, known for their tie-dyed fabrics. These craftsmen and their families were treated generously by the Owari and settled in the Arimatsu und Narumi neighbourhoods. Only the base fabric is dyed, leaving parts that were knotted as white spots. This highly specialised process requires 6–12 months to complete. * _Geta _ clog straps: wooden clogs called _geta_ were the shoes of the feudal era. The Owari devised a unique pattern for the cotton straps of the clogs and ordered them to be made by local weavers. The technique has developed over the generations. The straps became stronger and more resilient but more comfortable for the feet with the discovery of cotton velvet. * _Shippo_: the technique for enamelware called _shippo_ arrived from the Netherlands towards the end of the Edo
Edo
period. The patterns appear almost transparent and are often used on pottery. * Candles: wax is taken from a wax tree and painted around a rope made of grass and Japanese paper (_washi _) over and over again into layers. When cut in half, the candle looks as if it grew like a tree with rings. Japanese candles produce less smoke and are harder to blow out, since the wick tends to be larger. Artists paint the candles in coloured patterns. * _Yuzen_: the art of silk dyeing was introduced by craftsmen from Kyoto
Kyoto
during the rule of Owari Togukawa. The initial designs were extravagant and brightly coloured, but over time became more muted and light-coloured. * _Sekku Ningyo_: festival dolls were introduced by markets during the Meiji era. Nagoya
Nagoya
craftsmen rank among the top producers.

_ The Nagoya
Nagoya
obi_, the most popular type for _kimono_ throughout Japan
Japan

* The city also gave its name to a type of _obi _, the sash that is used to tie a _kimono _. The term _ Nagoya
Nagoya
obi_ can refer to an older type of _obi_ used centuries ago. This type was cord-like. The current _ Nagoya
Nagoya
obi_ (名古屋帯?) – or to differentiate from the _fukuro Nagoya
Nagoya
obi_, also called _kyūsun Nagoya
Nagoya
obi_ (九寸名古屋帯?, "nine-inch nagoya obi") – is the most-used _obi_ type today. It was developed by a seamstress living in Nagoya
Nagoya
at the end of the 1920s. The new, easy-to-use obi gained popularity among Tokyo's geisha, from whom it then was adopted by fashionable city women for their everyday wear. The _ Nagoya
Nagoya
obi_ was originally for everyday wear, not for ceremonial outfits, but one made from exquisite brocade can be accepted as semi-ceremonial wear. A more formal version is called the _Fukuro Nagoya
Nagoya
obi_ (袋名古屋帯?) or _hassun Nagoya obi_ (八寸名古屋帯?, "eight-inch Nagoya
Nagoya
obi"), which is more formal.

CUISINE

_ Kishimen_, a local specialty

The city and the region are known for its unique local Nagoya
Nagoya
cuisine (名古屋めし, _ Nagoya
Nagoya
meshi_). Dishes include:

* _Tebasaki_: chicken wings marinated in a sweet sauce with sesame seeds, basically a type of _yakitori _ * _ Tenmusu _: a rice ball wrapped with nori that is filled with deep-fried tempura shrimp * _Kishimen_: flat _udon _ noodles with a slippery texture, dipped in a light soy sauce soup and a sliced leek or other flavouring added. It can be eaten cold or hot. * Red _miso_: various dishes that use red _miso _, such as _miso katsu_ (pork cutlet with sweet _miso_ sauce and _miso nikomi udon_ (hard _udon_ stewed in _miso_ soup) * _Hitsumabushi_: rice dish with _unagi _ in a lidded wooden container. This dish is enjoyed three ways; as _unadon _, with spice and as _chazuke _.

SPORTS

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Nagoya
Nagoya
is home to several professional sports teams:

CLUB SPORT LEAGUE VENUE ESTABLISHED

Chunichi Dragons
Chunichi Dragons
Baseball
Baseball
Central League Nagoya Dome , Nagoya Stadium 1936

Nagoya Diamond Dolphins Basketball
Basketball
B.League Aichi Prefectural Gymnasium
Aichi Prefectural Gymnasium
, Nagoya
Nagoya
Higashi sport center 1950

Toyotsu Fighting Eagles Nagoya Basketball
Basketball
B.League Biwajima sport center 1957

Nagoya Grampus Football J. League Mizuho Athletic Stadium , Toyota
Toyota
Stadium 1993

Nagoya Oceans Futsal
Futsal
F. League Teva Ocean Arena. 2006

In 2007, the Chunichi Dragons
Chunichi Dragons
won the Japan
Japan
Series baseball championship. In 2010, Nagoya Grampus won the J. League championship, their first in team history. Nagoya
Nagoya
is also the home of the Nagoya Barbarians semi-pro rugby football club.

A _honbasho _ sumo tournament is held every July at the Aichi Prefectural Gymnasium . The city has hosted The Crowns
The Crowns
golf tournament since 1960 and the women's Nagoya Marathon since 1984.

In September 2016 the city was awarded the right to host the 2026 Asian Games
Asian Games
after it was the only city to lodge a bid. It will be the third time Japan
Japan
hosts the event after Tokyo
Tokyo
in 1958 and Hiroshima
Hiroshima
in 1994.

The city hosted the official 1979 Asian Basketball
Basketball
Championship . Later, it became one of the host cities of the official Women\'s Volleyball World Championship for its 1998 , 2006 and 2010 editions.

*

Nagoya Stadium *

Nagoya Dome *

The Chunichi Dragons
Chunichi Dragons
are one of Japan's strongest baseball teams *

The Aichi Prefectural Gymnasium
Aichi Prefectural Gymnasium
is used for Sumo
Sumo
wrestling and other events *

Nagoya
Nagoya
Higashi sport center *

Nagoya Diamond Dolphins *

Biwajima sport center *

Mizuho Athletic Stadium *

Nagoya Grampus *

Teva Ocean Arena

IN POPULAR CULTURE

Nagoya, especially Nagoya
Nagoya
Castle, has been featured in three Godzilla movies: _King Kong vs. Godzilla _, _Mothra vs. Godzilla _, and _ Godzilla vs. Mothra _. The city is also featured in _Gamera vs. Gyaos _ and is the main setting of 2003 film _ Gozu ._ 1995 film _The Hunted _ starred Christopher Lambert and the 1992 film _Mr. Baseball
Baseball
_ starred Tom Selleck .

The city was the setting for the 2007 movie _Ashita e no yuigon _ (translated as _Best Wishes for Tomorrow_), in which a Japanese war criminal sets out to take responsibility for the execution of U.S. airmen. The anime _ The Wind Rises _ by Hayao Miyazaki , released in 2013, is a highly fictionalized biography of the Mitsubishi A6M Zero's chief engineer Jiro Horikoshi
Jiro Horikoshi
and takes mostly place in Nagoya
Nagoya
of the 1920s and 30's.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

The Nagoya International Center promotes international exchange in the local community.

TWIN TOWNS – SISTER CITIES

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan
Japan

Nagoya
Nagoya
is twinned with five cities around the world:

* Los Angeles
Los Angeles
, United States
United States
(affiliated Apr. 1, 1959) * Mexico
Mexico
City , Mexico
Mexico
(affiliated Feb. 16, 1978) * Nanjing
Nanjing
, China
China
(suspended as of February 2012) * Sydney
Sydney
, Australia
Australia
(affiliated Sept. 16, 1980) * Turin
Turin
, Italy
Italy
(affiliated May 27, 2005)

The sister city relationship with Nanjing
Nanjing
in China
China
was suspended in February 21, 2012, following public comments by Nagoya
Nagoya
mayor Takashi Kawamura denying the Nanking Massacre .

NOTABLE PEOPLE

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HISTORICAL FIGURES

The three samurais who unified Japan
Japan
in the 16th century all have strong links to Nagoya.

* Oda Nobunaga (1534–1582), from Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
in Owari Province * Toyotomi Hideyoshi (1536–1598), one of Oda Nobunaga 's top generals * Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543–1616), born in Mikawa Province , (the eastern half of modern Aichi prefecture)

*

Oda Nobunaga was born according to legend in Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
*

Toyotomi Hideyoshi, known as Japan's second "great unifier" *

Tokugawa Ieyasu

Other samurai

* Minamoto no Yoritomo
Minamoto no Yoritomo
(the first shogun of the Kamakura shogunate ) * Shibata Katsuie (samurai of the Sengoku period
Sengoku period
) * Niwa Nagahide (samurai of the Sengoku period) * Maeda Toshiie (samurai of the Sengoku period) * Katō Kiyomasa (samurai of the Sengoku period) * Sassa Narimasa
Sassa Narimasa
(samurai of the Sengoku period) * Sakuma Nobumori (samurai of the Sengoku period) * Sakuma Morimasa (samurai of the Sengoku period) * Maeda Toshimasu (Maeda Keijirō, samurai of the Sengoku period)

INVENTORS AND INDUSTRIALISTS

* Sakichi Toyoda (1867–1930), prolific inventor from Shizuoka Prefecture * Kiichiro Toyoda (1894–1952), son of Sakichi Toyoda, established Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation * Akio Morita (1921–1999), co-founder of Sony
Sony
* Jiro Horikoshi
Jiro Horikoshi
(1903–1982), worked in Nagoya
Nagoya
as chief engineer of the Mitsubishi A6M Zero fighter

EXECUTIVE OFFICERS

* Yoichi Wada

WRITERS

* Yokoi Yayū (1702–1783), haiku poet and samurai in Owari Domain * Ryukichi Terao (born 1971), Hispanist and translator of Latin American literature

MUSICIANS AND COMPOSERS

* Moa Kikuchi * Home Made Kazoku * Yōsei Teikoku * Spyair * Kiyoharu * Koji Kondo * Seamo * Naomi Tamura * Kazuki Kato * Lullatone * Jasmine You * Outrage * Kanon Suzuki * Shinichi Suzuki * nobodyknows+ * SKE48 * Coldrain * May\'n * Team Syachihoko

ACTORS

* Naoko Mori * Kaito Nakamura * The Nose sisters: Anna, Erena, and Karina * Hirotaka Suzuoki * Hiroshi Tamaki

ATHLETES

* Miki Ando * Mao Asada * Mai Asada * Midori Ito * Jong Tae-se * Takahiko Kozuka * Takashi Sugiura * Último Dragón * Shoma Uno

MANGA ARTISTS

* Akane Ogura * Akira Toriyama * Mohiro Kitoh

SIGHTSEEING

Tokugawa Garden

Nagoya's two most famous sightseeing spots are Atsuta Shrine and Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
.

* Atsuta Shrine is the second-most venerable shrine in Japan, after Ise Grand Shrine . It is said to hold the Kusanagi sword, one of the three imperial regalia of Japan, but it is not on public display. It holds around 70 festivals per year. The shrine hosts over 4,400 national treasures that span its 2,000 year history. * Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
was built in 1612. Although a large part of it burned down during World War II, the castle was restored in 1959, adding amenities such as elevators. The castle is famous for two magnificent Golden tiger-headed carp (金の鯱, _Kin no Shachihoko _) on the roof, often used as the symbol of Nagoya.

Other attractions include:

* Nagoya TV Tower
Nagoya TV Tower
and Hisaya-Ōdori Park, located in the central Sakae district * JR Central Towers
JR Central Towers
of Nagoya Station * Midland Square : The new international sales headquarters for Toyota
Toyota
features Japan's highest open-air observation deck. * The Nagoya Port area: The Nagoya
Nagoya
port area includes a themed shopping mall called Italia Mura as well as the popular Port of Nagoya Public Aquarium . * Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens and the Higashiyama Sky Tower * The Toyota
Toyota
museums: The Toyota
Toyota
Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology near Nagoya
Nagoya
station * Danpusan Kofun : The maximum old burial mound( Kofun
Kofun
) in Aichi. * The Noritake factory: The home of Noritake fine chinaware is open to visitors and allows people to learn about the history of the establishment. It includes a cafe, information/technology displays, and shopping facilities, so visitors can spend a whole day wandering through the displays and grounds. It also holds a few unrestored areas that serve as reminders of devastation caused by the final stages of World War II. * The SCMaglev and Railway Park * The Nagoya/Boston Museum of Fine Arts (N/BMFA) * The Ōsu shopping district and nearby temples, Ōsu Kannon and Banshō-ji * The Tokugawa Art Museum and the Tokugawa Garden , a surrounding Japanese garden * The Nagoya
Nagoya
City Science and Art Museums, located in Shirakawa Park, not far from Fushimi Subway Station * The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ Money Museum, now located near the Akatsuka-shirakabe 赤塚白壁 bus stop on Dekimachi-dori. * Legoland
Legoland
Japan
Japan
, Japan's first Legoland
Legoland
resort.

*

Atsuta Shrine *

Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
*

Toyota
Toyota
Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology *

SCMaglev and Railway Park *

The Nagoya TV Tower
Nagoya TV Tower
*

Hisaya Ōdori Park Nagoya
Nagoya
Central Park) *

Ōsu shopping district *

Port of Nagoya Public Aquarium *

Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens *

Togokusan Fruits Park *

Tokugawa Art Museum *

Shirotori Park *

Arimatsu *

Nakamura Park *

Cultural Path Futaba Museum (The residences of Sada Yacco ) *

Nittai-ji *

Noritake Garden *

Nagoya City Science Museum
Nagoya City Science Museum
*

Danpusan Kofun *

Legoland
Legoland
Japan
Japan

Nagoya
Nagoya
is a starting point for visits to the surrounding area, such as Inuyama , Little World Museum of Man , Meiji Mura , Tokoname , Himakajima , Tahara , Toyohashi and Toyokawa . Reachable with at most a two-hour journey are Gifu
Gifu
, Gujo Hachiman, Gifu, Ise Shrine , Takayama, Gifu , Gero Onsen and the hill stations in the Kiso Valley Magome and Tsumago .

* Japan
Japan
portal

REFERENCES

* ^ Nagoya\'s official English Name * ^ 平成23年6月1日現在の世帯数と人口(全市・区別) (IN JAPANESE). RETRIEVED 19 JUNE 2011. * ^ "Population of Japan". Japanese Statistics Bureau. 2010. * ^ " Kiyosu Castle". Retrieved 2007-05-01. * ^ _The First Heroes_ by Craig Nelson * ^ 21st Bomber Command, Tactical Mission Report NO. 44, ocr.pdf, March 20, 1945. * ^ Preston John Hubbard (1990). _Apocalypse Undone_. Vanderbilt University Press. p. 199. * ^ "気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency . * ^ "観測史上1~10位の値( 年間を通じての値)". Japan
Japan
Meteorological Agency . * ^ 平成22年12月1日現在の世帯数と人口(全市・区別) (IN JAPANESE). NAGOYA CITY. 20 DECEMBER 2010. RETRIEVED 7 JANUARY 2011. * ^ "Report of Chubu Bureau of Economy, Trade and Industry METI (in Japanese)" (PDF). * ^ Kohase, Yusuke (5 January 2015). "三菱航空機、名古屋空港に本社移転 小牧南工場に隣接". Aviation Wire. Retrieved 16 January 2015. * ^ Toyota
Toyota
to sink $67.2 mln in Mitsubishi passenger jet, China Economic Net, May 23, 2008 Archived July 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Anselmo, Joe. "Milestone for the MRJ" _Aviation Week & Space Technology _, 24 October 2014. Accessed: 25 October 2014. * ^ Mecham, Michael & Anselmo, Joe. "Big ambitions" _Aviation Week & Space Technology _, 17 March 2008. Accessed: 25 October 2014. * ^ "Dawn of a new era for Japan’s aviation industry with MRJ debut flight". 11 November 2015. Retrieved 12 April 2017 – via Japan Times Online. * ^ Pfanner, Eric (11 November 2015). "Mitsubishi Aims for the Sky After Jet Takes Off". Retrieved 12 April 2017 – via www.wsj.com. * ^ "GREATER NAGOYA INITIATIVE, Industry, Growth Sectors". * ^ " Greater Nagoya Initiative, Industry, Innovation". * ^ http://www.brasemb.or.jp/portugues/community/school.php Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão * ^ " Nagoya University World Class Researchers". _nagoya-u.ac.jp_. Retrieved 12 April 2017. * ^ "Yamasa.org\'s Tokugawa Art Museum page". * ^ Yoshino Antiques. "Kimono". Retrieved 2009-03-07. * ^ Toma-san. 帯の種類について (IN JAPANESE). RETRIEVED 2009-03-08. * ^ Inada, S. (2011). _Simply Onigiri: fun and creative recipes for Japanese rice balls_. Marshall Cavendish International (Asia) Private Limited. p. 86. ISBN 978-981-4484-95-4 . Retrieved June 16, 2017. * ^ "Games-Nagoya, Aichi prefecture to host 2026 Asian Games". _Asahi Shimbun_. 25 September 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016. * ^ _Nagoya_ on IMDb * ^ Cangialosi, Jason. "Miyazaki\'s \'The Wind Rises\' Ignites Debate & Japanese Box-Office". Yahoo! Voices . Retrieved 15 August 2013. * ^ UK, The Huffington Post (9 May 2014). "EXCLUSIVE: Hayao Miyazaki On Rising For His Final Film". _huffingtonpost.co.uk_. Retrieved 12 April 2017. * ^ "Nagoya\'s Sister Cities". Retrieved 2007-04-20. * ^ Pessotto, Lorenzo. "International Affairs - Twinnings and Agreements". _International Affairs Service in cooperation with Servizio Telematico Pubblico_. City of Torino. Archived from the original on 2013-06-18. Retrieved 2013-08-06. * ^ Wang, Chuhan (22 February 2012). " Nanjing
Nanjing
suspends official contact with Nagoya". CNTV. * ^ Fackler, Martin (22 February 2012). "Chinese City Severs Ties After Japanese Mayor Denies Massacre". _The New York Times_. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 26 February 2012. * ^ " Nagoya
Nagoya
Sightseeing". JapanVisitor. Retrieved 2013-03-26. * ^ "Midland Square". December 2006. Retrieved 2007-04-20. * ^ "The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ Money Museum". Nagoya International Center. * ^ Yoshimoto, Minako. "Long line marks opening of Legoland
Legoland
Japan in Nagoya". _Asahi Shimbun_. Asahi Shimbun
Asahi Shimbun
. Retrieved 4 April 2017.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

_See also: Bibliography of the history of Nagoya
Nagoya
_

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to NAGOYA _.

_ Wikisource has the text of the 1920 Encyclopedia Americana _ article _NAGOYA _.

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for NAGOYA _.

* Nagoya
Nagoya
City official website (in Japanese) * Nagoya
Nagoya
City official website * WikiSatellite view of Nagoya
Nagoya
at WikiMapia * Nagoya
Nagoya
International Center * Official Tourism Guide - Nagoya
Nagoya
Travel Guide

* v * t * e

Aichi Prefecture
Aichi Prefecture

Nagoya
Nagoya
(capital )

WARDS OF

.