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Nagoya
Nagoya
(名古屋) is the largest city in the Chūbu region
Chūbu region
of Japan. It is Japan's third-largest incorporated city and the fourth-most-populous urban area. It is located on the Pacific
Pacific
coast on central Honshu. It is the capital of Aichi Prefecture
Aichi Prefecture
and is one of Japan's major ports along with those of Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe, Yokohama, Chiba, and Kitakyushu. It is also the center of Japan's third-largest metropolitan region, known as the Chūkyō Metropolitan Area. As of 2015[update], 2.28 million people lived in the city, part of Chūkyō Metropolitan Area's 9.10 million people.[3]

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History

2.1 Origin 2.2 Tokugawa period 2.3 Industrialization 2.4 World War II
World War II
and later

3 Geography and administrative divisions

3.1 Wards 3.2 Climate

4 Demographics 5 Economy

5.1 Automotive industry 5.2 Aviation industry 5.3 Ceramics 5.4 Technology 5.5 Retail 5.6 Arts and crafts 5.7 Other

6 Transportation 7 Education 8 Culture

8.1 Museums 8.2 Theatres 8.3 Festivals 8.4 Dialect 8.5 Handicrafts 8.6 Cuisine 8.7 In popular culture

9 Sports 10 International relations

10.1 Twin towns – sister cities 10.2 Sister ports 10.3 Sister Airport

11 Notable people

11.1 Historical figures 11.2 Inventors and industrialists 11.3 Executive officers 11.4 Writers 11.5 Musicians and composers 11.6 Actors 11.7 Athletes 11.8 Manga artists

12 Sightseeing 13 References 14 Bibliography 15 External links

Etymology[edit]

Down Town of Sakae Town

Skyline of Nagoya
Nagoya
City

The city's name was historically written as 那古野 or 名護屋 (both read as Nagoya). One possible origin is the adjective nagoyaka (なごやか), meaning 'peaceful'. [1] The name Chūkyō (中京, consisting of chū (middle) + kyō (capital)) is also used to refer to Nagoya. Notable examples of the use of the name Chūkyō include the Chūkyō Industrial Area, Chūkyō Metropolitan Area, Chūkyō Television Broadcasting, Chukyo University and the Chukyo Racecourse. History[edit]

The Great Atsuta Shrine, which dates back to c. 100 CE and houses the holy sword Kusanagi, one of the imperial regalia of Japan

Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
was constructed as the seat of the Owari branch
Owari branch
of the ruling Tokugawa clan.

Arimatsu
Arimatsu
Town

Nagoya
Nagoya
in the Showa period

See also: Timeline of Nagoya Origin[edit]

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Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
and his protégés Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
and Tokugawa Ieyasu were powerful warlords based in the Nagoya
Nagoya
area who gradually succeeded in unifying Japan. In 1610, Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Ieyasu
moved the capital of Owari Province
Owari Province
from Kiyosu, about seven kilometers (4.3 miles) away, to a more strategic location in present-day Nagoya. Tokugawa period[edit] During this period Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
was constructed, built partly from materials taken from Kiyosu
Kiyosu
Castle. During the construction, the entire town around Kiyosu
Kiyosu
Castle, consisting of around 60,000 people, moved from Kiyosu
Kiyosu
to the newly planned town around Nagoya
Nagoya
Castle.[4] Around the same time, the nearby ancient Atsuta Shrine
Atsuta Shrine
was designated as a waystation, called Miya (the Shrine), on the important Tōkaidō road, which linked the two capitals of Kyoto
Kyoto
and Edo
Edo
(now Tokyo). A town developed around the temple to support travelers. The castle and shrine towns formed the city. Industrialization[edit] During the Meiji Restoration
Meiji Restoration
Japan's provinces were restructured into prefectures and the government changed from family to bureaucratic rule. Nagoya
Nagoya
was proclaimed a city on October 1, 1889, and designated a city on September 1, 1956, by government ordinance. Nagoya
Nagoya
became an industrial hub for the region. Its economic sphere included the famous pottery towns of Tokoname, Tajimi and Seto, as well as Okazaki, one of the only places where gunpowder was produced under the shogunate. Other industries included cotton and complex mechanical dolls called karakuri ningyō. Mitsubishi Aircraft Company was established in 1920 in Nagoya
Nagoya
and became one of the largest aircraft manufacturers in Japan. The availability of space and the central location of the region and the well-established connectivity were some of the major factors that lead to the establishment of the aviation industry there. World War II
World War II
and later[edit] Nagoya
Nagoya
was the target of US air raids during World War II. The population of Nagoya
Nagoya
at this time was estimated to be 1.5 million, fourth among Japanese cities and one of the three largest centers of the Japanese aircraft industry. It was estimated that 25% of its workers were engaged in aircraft production. Important Japanese aircraft targets (numbers 193, 194, 198, 2010, and 1729) were within the city itself, while others (notably 240 and 1833) were to the north of Kagamigahara. It was estimated that they produced between 40% and 50% of Japanese combat aircraft and engines, such as the vital Mitsubishi A6M Zero
Mitsubishi A6M Zero
fighter. The Nagoya
Nagoya
area also produced machine tools, bearings, railway equipment, metal alloys, tanks, motor vehicles and processed foods during World War II. Air raids began on April 18, 1942, with an attack on a Mitsubishi Heavy Industries aircraft works, the Matsuhigecho oil warehouse, the Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
military barracks and the Nagoya
Nagoya
war industries plant.[5] The bombing continued through the spring of 1945, and included large-scale firebombing. Nagoya
Nagoya
was the target of two of Bomber Command’s attacks. These incendiary attacks, one by day and one by night, devastated 15.3 square kilometres (5.9 sq mi) . The XXI Bomber Command established a new U.S. Army Air Force
U.S. Army Air Force
record with the greatest tonnage ever released on a single target in one mission—3,162 tons of incendiaries. It also destroyed or damaged twenty-eight of the numbered targets and raised the area burned to almost one-fourth of the entire city.[6][full citation needed] Nagoya Castle, which was being used as a military command post, was hit and mostly destroyed on May 14, 1945.[7] Reconstruction of the main building was completed in 1959. In 1959, the city was flooded and severely damaged by the Ise-wan Typhoon. Geography and administrative divisions[edit]

View of the Nōbi Plain, Kiso Three Rivers
Kiso Three Rivers
and Nagoya
Nagoya
from Mount Sanpo and Mount Yoro

Nagoya
Nagoya
lies north of Ise Bay
Ise Bay
on the Nōbi Plain. The city was built on low-level plateaus to ward off floodwaters. The plain is one of the nation's most fertile areas. The Kiso River
Kiso River
flows to the west along the city border, and the Shōnai River
Shōnai River
comes from the northeast and turns south towards the bay at Nishi Ward. The man-made Hori River was constructed as a canal in 1610. It flows from north to south, as part of the Shōnai River
Shōnai River
system. The rivers allowed for trade with the hinterland. The Tempaku River feeds from a number of smaller river in the east, flows briefly south at Nonami and then west at Ōdaka into the bay. The city's location and its position in the centre of Japan
Japan
allowed it to develop economically and politically. Wards[edit]

A map of Nagoya's Wards

Nagoya
Nagoya
has 16 wards:

Atsuta-ku Chikusa-ku Higashi-ku Kita-ku Meitō-ku Midori-ku Minami-ku Minato-ku Mizuho-ku Moriyama-ku Naka-ku—administrative center Nakagawa-ku Nakamura-ku Nishi-ku Shōwa-ku Tempaku-ku

Climate[edit] Nagoya
Nagoya
has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfa) with hot summers and cool winters. The summer is noticeably wetter than the winter, although rain falls throughout the year.

Climate data for Nagoya, Aichi (1981–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 21.0 (69.8) 23.5 (74.3) 25.8 (78.4) 30.5 (86.9) 34.8 (94.6) 35.8 (96.4) 38.9 (102) 39.9 (103.8) 38.0 (100.4) 32.7 (90.9) 27.2 (81) 22.6 (72.7) 39.9 (103.8)

Average high °C (°F) 9.0 (48.2) 10.1 (50.2) 13.9 (57) 19.9 (67.8) 24.1 (75.4) 27.2 (81) 30.8 (87.4) 32.8 (91) 28.6 (83.5) 22.8 (73) 17.0 (62.6) 11.6 (52.9) 20.7 (69.3)

Daily mean °C (°F) 4.5 (40.1) 5.2 (41.4) 8.7 (47.7) 14.4 (57.9) 18.9 (66) 22.7 (72.9) 26.4 (79.5) 27.8 (82) 24.1 (75.4) 18.1 (64.6) 12.2 (54) 7.0 (44.6) 15.8 (60.4)

Average low °C (°F) 0.8 (33.4) 1.1 (34) 4.2 (39.6) 9.6 (49.3) 14.5 (58.1) 19.0 (66.2) 23.0 (73.4) 24.3 (75.7) 20.7 (69.3) 14.1 (57.4) 8.1 (46.6) 3.1 (37.6) 11.9 (53.4)

Record low °C (°F) −10.3 (13.5) −9.5 (14.9) −6.8 (19.8) −2.1 (28.2) 2.8 (37) 8.2 (46.8) 14.0 (57.2) 14.4 (57.9) 9.5 (49.1) 1.5 (34.7) −2.7 (27.1) −7.2 (19) −10.3 (13.5)

Average rainfall mm (inches) 48.4 (1.906) 65.6 (2.583) 121.8 (4.795) 124.8 (4.913) 156.5 (6.161) 201.0 (7.913) 203.6 (8.016) 126.3 (4.972) 234.4 (9.228) 128.3 (5.051) 79.7 (3.138) 45.0 (1.772) 1,535.3 (60.445)

Average snowfall cm (inches) 5 (2) 8 (3.1) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (1.2) 16 (6.3)

Average rainy days (≥ 0.5 mm) 6.8 7.5 10.2 10.4 11.4 12.8 13.0 8.7 11.9 9.5 7.2 6.9 116.2

Average snowy days 6.4 5.4 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.6 16.6

Average relative humidity (%) 64 61 59 60 65 71 74 70 71 68 66 65 66

Mean monthly sunshine hours 170.1 170.0 189.1 196.6 197.5 149.9 164.3 200.4 151.0 169.0 162.7 172.2 2,091.6

Source #1: [8]

Source #2: [9] (records)

Demographics[edit] One of the earliest censuses, carried out in 1889, counted 157,496 residents. The population reached the 1 million mark in 1934 and as of December 2010 had an estimated population of 2,259,993 with a population density of 6,923 persons per km². Also as of December 2010 an estimated 1,019,859 households resided there—a significant increase from 153,370 at the end of World War II
World War II
in 1945.[10] The area is 326.45 square kilometres (126.04 sq mi). Its metropolitan area extends into the Mie and Gifu
Gifu
prefectures, with a total population of about 10 million people, surpassed only by Osaka and Tokyo. Economy[edit] Main articles: Chūkyō Metropolitan Area, Chūkyō Industrial Area, and Greater Nagoya
Greater Nagoya
Initiative

Lexus
Lexus
LFA in Midland Square

Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
and the Meieki district with skyscrapers (2018)

Nagoya Stock Exchange
Nagoya Stock Exchange
in the Isemachi district

The first MRJ prototype at Nagoya Airfield
Nagoya Airfield
in Komaki
Komaki
(2015)

Fushimi Financial district

Brother Industries

Matsuzakaya

Nagoya
Nagoya
Congress Center

Nagoya
Nagoya
is the center of Greater Nagoya, which earned nearly 70 percent of Japan's 2003 trade surplus.[11] Automotive industry[edit] Nagoya's main industry is automotive. Toyota's luxury brand Lexus, Denso, Aisin Seiki Co., Toyota
Toyota
Industries, JTEKT
JTEKT
and Toyota
Toyota
Boshoku have their headquarters in or near Nagoya. Mitsubishi Motors
Mitsubishi Motors
has an R&D division in the suburb of Okazaki. Major component suppliers such as Magna International
Magna International
and PPG also have a strong presence here. Spark plug
Spark plug
maker NGK
NGK
and Nippon Sharyo, known for manufacturing rolling stock including the Shinkansen
Shinkansen
are headquartered there. Aviation industry[edit] The aviation history has historically been of importance since the industrialization. During the war the Mitsubishi A6M Zero
Mitsubishi A6M Zero
fighter was constructed in Nagoya. The aviation tradition continues with Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation
Mitsubishi Aircraft Corporation
headquartered in the Nagoya
Nagoya
Airfield's terminal building in Komaki. The Mitsubishi Regional Jet
Mitsubishi Regional Jet
(MRJ) aircraft is produced at a factory adjacent to the airport.[12] The MRJ is a partnership between majority owner Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and Toyota[13] with design assistance from Toyota
Toyota
affiliate Fuji Heavy Industries, already a manufacturer of aircraft. It is the first airliner designed and produced in Japan
Japan
since the NAMC YS-11
NAMC YS-11
of the 1960s.[14][15] The MRJ's first flight was on November 11, 2015.[16][17] Ceramics[edit] Japanese pottery and porcelain
Japanese pottery and porcelain
has a long tradition due to suitable clay being available in Owari province. Before and during the Edo period there were two main kilns in the region: Seto and Tokoname. In Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
a type of oniwa-yaki (literally "garden ware") called Ofukei ware
Ofukei ware
was produced by the feudal lord’s court. Almost every feudal lord had his own oniwa-yaki, also to have gifts made. In the town itself Toyoraku ware
Toyoraku ware
and Sasashima ware
Sasashima ware
Japanese tea utensils were made with refined tastes. Ofukei ware
Ofukei ware
started under the first Owari lord Tokugawa Yoshinao and was interrupted once, but continued on until the end of the Edo
Edo
period. It became widely known in Japan. The lord’s taste in ceramics was also imitated by other Owari samurai, such as Hirasawa Kurō
Hirasawa Kurō
and Masaki Sōzaburō, who made their own pieces. Toyoraku ware
Toyoraku ware
continued on until the Taishō era
Taishō era
under the 8th generation. Colourful pieces and gorgeous tea utensils were highly valued. Sasashima ware
Sasashima ware
also experienced its heyday during this time. Colourful and soft ceramic items such as sake and tea utensils and objects were produced and intently collected. An early type of manufactured production was the blue-and-white Kawana ware. With the advent of industrialisation during the Meiji era
Meiji era
of the late 19th century, some export wares were produced. Industrial-scale export porcelain was made by old Noritake, also Nagoya
Nagoya
E-tsuke (名古屋絵付) became popular.[18] Production of industrial ceramics continues to be an important economic factor with companies such as INAX, NGK, and NGK
NGK
Insulators. Technology[edit] Mechanized puppets, called "karakuri ningyō", are a traditional craft from the area. Robot
Robot
technology is another rapidly developing industry. A materials engineering industry is developing.[19] Brother Industries, which is known for office electronics such as multifunction printers is based in Nagoya, as is Hoshizaki Electric, which is known for commercial ice machines and refrigeration equipment. Many small machine tool and electronics companies are also based in the area.[20] The World Expo 2005, also known as Aichi Expo was held near Nagoya
Nagoya
in the neighboring cities of Nagakute and Seto from March 25 to September 25, 2005. Retail[edit] Retail is of importance in the city. Traditional department stores with roots in Nagoya
Nagoya
are Matsuzakaya, Maruei
Maruei
and the Meitetsu Department Store. Oriental Nakamura was bought by Mitsukoshi from Tokyo
Tokyo
in 1977. Arts and crafts[edit] The Owari province
Owari province
was historically well known for the cloisonné art form. The Ando Cloisonné Company
Ando Cloisonné Company
continues the long tradition. Other[edit] The Confectionery
Confectionery
company Marukawa
Marukawa
is well known. The city offers venues for conferences and congresses such as the Nagoya Congress Center
Nagoya Congress Center
and the Nagoya
Nagoya
International Exhibition Hall. Transportation[edit]

Chubu International Airport, constructed on an artificial island

Meitetsu's μSky Limited Express

Nagoya
Nagoya
is served by Chūbu Centrair International Airport
Chūbu Centrair International Airport
(NGO), built on an artificial island in Tokoname. The airport has international flights and a high volume of domestic flights. A second airport is Nagoya Airfield
Nagoya Airfield
( Komaki
Komaki
Airport, NKM) near the city's boundary with Komaki
Komaki
and Kasugai. On February 17, 2005 Nagoya Airport's commercial international flights moved to Centrair Airport. Nagoya Airfield
Nagoya Airfield
is now used for general aviation and as an airbase and is the main Fuji Dream Airlines
Fuji Dream Airlines
hub. Nagoya
Nagoya
Station, the world's largest train station by floor area, is on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen
Shinkansen
line, the Tōkaidō Main Line, and the Chūō Main Line, among others. JR Central, which operates the Tōkaidō Shinkansen, has its headquarter there. Meitetsu
Meitetsu
is also based in Nagoya, and along with Kintetsu provides regional rail service to the Tōkai and Kansai regions. Nagoya
Nagoya
Subway provides urban transit service. Nagoya Port
Nagoya Port
is the largest port by international trade value in Japan. Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation exports via this port.

Nagoya
Nagoya
Station

Oasis 21
Oasis 21
bus terminal

Entrance to Shiyakusho Subway Station

Nagoya
Nagoya
Municipal Subway

Nagoya
Nagoya
Airfield

Port of Nagoya

Isewangan Expressway

Nagoya
Nagoya
Expressway

Education[edit]

The old Nagoya
Nagoya
Court of Appeals building, today the city archive

Nagoya University
Nagoya University
campus in Higashiyama. The university has produced six Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
laureates in science.

Nanzan University
Nanzan University
main campus, designed by renowned architect Antonin Raymond in the 1960s.

Nagoya
Nagoya
has mostly state-run primary and secondary schools. The area in the city limits includes international schools such as the Colégio Brasil Japão Prof. Shinoda Brazilian school.[21] State and private colleges and universities primarily located in the eastern area. Some Western-style institutions were founded early in the Meiji era, with more opening during the Taishō and Shōwa eras. Nagoya University
Nagoya University
was set up in 1871 as a medical school and has produced six Nobel Prize
Nobel Prize
laureates in science.[22] Nanzan University was established by the Roman Catholic Society of the Divine Word in 1932 as a high school and expanded to include Nanzan Junior College and the Nanzan Institute for Religion and Culture. The main campus was designed in the 1960s by the renowned architect Antonin Raymond. Some universities specialise in engineering and technology, such as Nagoya University Engineering school, Nagoya Institute of Technology
Nagoya Institute of Technology
and Toyota
Toyota
Technological Institute; these universities receive support and grants from companies such as Toyota. Other colleges and universities include: Aichi Prefectural College of Nursing & Health, Aichi Shukutoku Junior College, Aichi Toho University, Chukyo University, Daido University, Doho University, Kinjo Gakuin University, Kinjo Gakuin University Junior College, Meijo University, Nagoya
Nagoya
City University, Nagoya
Nagoya
College of Music, Nagoya Future Culture College, Nagoya
Nagoya
Gakuin University, Nagoya
Nagoya
Management Junior College, Nagoya
Nagoya
Women's University, St. Mary's College, Nagoya, Sugiyama Jogakuen University, Sugiyama Jogakuen University Junior College, Tokai Gakuen Women's College. Various universities from outside Nagoya
Nagoya
have set up satellite campuses, such as Tokyo University of Social Welfare. The Hōsa Library
Hōsa Library
dates to the 17th century and houses 110,000 items, including books of classic literature that are an heirloom of the Owari Tokugawa
Owari Tokugawa
and were bequeathed to the city. The Nagoya
Nagoya
City Archives store a large collection of documents and books. Tsuruma Central Library is a public library and Nagoya
Nagoya
International Center has a collection of foreign-language books.

National Universities

Nagoya University
Nagoya University
(名古屋大学, Nagoya
Nagoya
Daigaku) Nagoya Institute of Technology
Nagoya Institute of Technology
(名古屋工業大学, Nagoya
Nagoya
Kōgyō Daigaku)

Prefectural University

Aichi Prefectural College of Nursing & Health (愛知県立看護大学, Aichi kenritsu kango Daigaku) Nagoya City University
Nagoya City University
(名古屋市立大学, Nagoya
Nagoya
shiritsu Daigaku)

Private Universities

Aichi University
Aichi University
(愛知大学, Aichi Daigaku) Aichi Gakuin University
Aichi Gakuin University
(愛知学院大学, Aichi gakuin Daigaku) Aichi Shukutoku University
Aichi Shukutoku University
(愛知淑徳大学, Aichi Shukutoku Daigaku) Aichi Toho University (愛知東邦大学, Aichi Toho Daigaku) Chukyo University
Chukyo University
(中京大学, Chūkyō Daigaku) Daido University (大同大学, Daidō Daigaku) Doho University (同朋大学, Dōhō Daigaku) Kinjo Gakuin University (金城学院大学, Kinjō Gakuin Daigaku) Meijo University
Meijo University
(名城大学, Meijō Daigaku) Nagoya College of Music (名古屋音楽大学, Nagoya
Nagoya
Ongaku Daigaku) Nagoya Gakuin University
Nagoya Gakuin University
(名古屋学院大学, Nagoya
Nagoya
Gakuin Daigaku) Nagoya Women's University (名古屋女子大学, Nagoya
Nagoya
Joshi Daigaku) Nanzan University
Nanzan University
(南山大学, Nanzan Daigaku) Sugiyama Jogakuen University (椙山女学園大学, Sugiyama Jogakuen Daigaku) Tokyo
Tokyo
University of Social Welfare (東京福祉大学, Tokyo
Tokyo
Fukushi Daigaku) Tokai Gakuen University (東海学園大学, Tokai Gakuen Daigaku) Toyota
Toyota
Technological Institute (豊田工業大学, Toyota
Toyota
Kōgyō Daigaku)

Culture[edit]

The Tokugawa Art Museum, which houses some of the finest art treasures of Japan

Textile Machinery Pavilion in the Toyota
Toyota
Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology

SCMaglev and Railway Park

Nagoya
Nagoya
City Science Museum

Aichi Arts Center
Aichi Arts Center
in Sakae

Tsutsui-chō/Dekimachi tennōsai

Nagoya
Nagoya
matsuri

Daidō-chōnin Matsuri in Ōsu

The Nagoya
Nagoya
obi, the most popular type for kimono throughout Japan

Kishimen, a local specialty

Red misokatsu

Tebasaki

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Nagoya
Nagoya
was a major trading city and political seat of the Owari lords, the most important house of the Tokugawa clan. They encouraged trade and the arts under their patronage, especially Tokugawa Muneharu, the 7th lord, who took a keen interest in drama and plays and lived lavishly. Under his rule, actors and actresses began to visit Nagoya. Arts and culture was further supported by the city's wealthy merchants. Culture flourished after the feudal Edo
Edo
period and the beginning of the Meiji era. During World War II
World War II
many old buildings and artefacts were destroyed. The region's economic and financial power in the post-war years rekindled the artistic and cultural scene. Museums[edit] Nagoya
Nagoya
has multiple museums, including traditional and modern art, handicrafts to industrial high-tech, natural and scientific museums. Nagoya
Nagoya
Castle's collection is from the Owari Tokugawa
Owari Tokugawa
era. The main tower is a museum that details the history of the castle and the city. The Honmaru Palace, destroyed in World War II, is slated for reconstruction by 2016 and will again be a prime example of the Shoin-zukuri
Shoin-zukuri
architecture of the feudal era. Tokugawa Art Museum
Tokugawa Art Museum
is a private museum belonging to the Owari Tokugawa, who lived in Nagoya castle for 16 generations. Among other things, it contains 10 designated national Treasures of Japan, including some of the oldest scrolls of The Tale of Genji.[23] The Nagoya
Nagoya
Noh
Noh
Theatre houses various precious objects of Noh
Noh
theatre. The Nagoya
Nagoya
City Museum showcases the history of the town. Yōki-sō
Yōki-sō
is a villa and gardens located in Chikusa-ku, close to Nittai-ji. It was constructed in the Taishō era
Taishō era
for Ito Jirozaemon Suketami XV, the first president of Matsuzakaya. Paintings and sculpture are exhibited at the Nagoya
Nagoya
City Art Museum. Modern art is displayed at the Aichi Arts Center. The Aichi Arts Center also is the venue of rotating exhibitions. The city is also home to the Nagoya/Boston Museum of Fine Arts, a sister museum to the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, which was founded to bring aspects of the MFA's collection to Japan. The art of porcelain and ceramics can be seen at the Noritake
Noritake
Garden. Toyota
Toyota
has two museums in the city, the Toyota
Toyota
Automobile Museum which shows vintage cars, and the Toyota
Toyota
Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology, which showcases company history, including its start as a textile mill. The Nagoya
Nagoya
City Tram & Subway Museum has trams and subway cars, as well as the Nagoya
Nagoya
City Science Museum. The SCMaglev and Railway Park opened in March 2011 with various trains from the Central Japan Railway Company. Other art museums in Aichi prefecture are the Aichi Prefectural Ceramic Museum and the Toyota
Toyota
Municipal Museum of Art. Meiji Mura
Meiji Mura
is an open-air museum with salvaged buildings from the Meiji, Taishō and Showa eras. Other museums in the city include the International Design Centre Nagoya, the Japan
Japan
Spinning Top Museum and the Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ Money Museum. The civic authorities promote tourism and have taken steps to safeguard architectural heritage by earmarking them as cultural assets. Apart from the castle, temples, shrines and museums in the city, a "Cultural Path" was instituted in the 1980s, located between the Tokugawa Art Museum
Tokugawa Art Museum
and Nagoya
Nagoya
Castle. This residential area has historic buildings such as the Nagoya
Nagoya
City Archives, the Nagoya
Nagoya
City Hall main building, the Aichi Prefectural Office main building, the Futaba Museum, the former residence of Sasuke Toyoda, the former residence of Tetsujiro Haruta and the Chikaramachi Catholic Church. Most buildings date from the Meiji and Taishō era
Taishō era
and are protected. Theatres[edit] Noh theatre
Noh theatre
and Kyōgen
Kyōgen
date back to the feudal times of the Owari Tokugawa. The Nagoya
Nagoya
Noh
Noh
Theater at Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
continues that tradition and is a prominent feature in the cultural life of the city, with monthly performances. Developed during the Edo
Edo
period, one of Japan's kabuki grand stages is Misono-za, which also hosts various other Japanese entertainment such as concerts. In 1912 the musician Gorō Morita invented the Nagoya harp
Nagoya harp
music instrument. In 1992, the large, modern Aichi Arts Center
Aichi Arts Center
was opened in Sakae. It is the main venue for performing arts, featuring a main hall that can be used for opera and theatre and a concert hall. The Nagoya Philharmonic Orchestra performs there, as well as many visiting guest orchestras. Festivals[edit] Apart from the main national festivals and holidays, other festivals in Nagoya
Nagoya
are unique to the city/region. Major events include the June Atsuta Festival, the July Port Festival, the August Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
Summer Festival Castle and the October Nagoya Festival. Wards and areas host local festivals such as the Daidō-chōnin Matsuri (大須大道町人祭, Street Performer's Festival) in Ōsu. Dialect[edit] The Nagoya dialect
Nagoya dialect
(名古屋弁, Nagoya-ben) is spoken in the western half of Aichi Prefecture, centering on Nagoya. It is also called Owari dialect (尾張弁, Owari-ben). The Nagoya dialect
Nagoya dialect
is relatively close to standard Japanese and to the Kansai dialect, differing in pronunciation and vocabulary. Handicrafts[edit] The industry of Japanese handicrafts
Japanese handicrafts
in the city is centuries old.

Arimatsu
Arimatsu
and Narumi dye: during the construction of Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
in the 17th century, the lords of Owari called in skilled craftsmen from Bungo Province
Bungo Province
in Kyushu, known for their tie-dyed fabrics. These craftsmen and their families were treated generously by the Owari and settled in the Arimatsu
Arimatsu
und Narumi neighbourhoods. Only the base fabric is dyed, leaving parts that were knotted as white spots. This highly specialised process requires 6–12 months to complete. Geta clog straps: wooden clogs called geta were the shoes of the feudal era. The Owari devised a unique pattern for the cotton straps of the clogs and ordered them to be made by local weavers. The technique has developed over the generations. The straps became stronger and more resilient but more comfortable for the feet with the discovery of cotton velvet. Shippo: the technique for enamelware called shippo arrived from the Netherlands towards the end of the Edo
Edo
period. The patterns appear almost transparent and are often used on pottery. Candles: wax is taken from a wax tree and painted around a rope made of grass and Japanese paper (washi) over and over again into layers. When cut in half, the candle looks as if it grew like a tree with rings. Japanese candles produce less smoke and are harder to blow out, since the wick tends to be larger. Artists paint the candles in coloured patterns. Yuzen: the art of silk dyeing was introduced by craftsmen from Kyoto during the rule of Owari Togukawa. The initial designs were extravagant and brightly coloured, but over time became more muted and light-coloured. Sekku Ningyo: festival dolls were introduced by markets during the Meiji era. Nagoya
Nagoya
craftsmen rank among the top producers. The city also gave its name to a type of obi, the sash that is used to tie a kimono. The term Nagoya
Nagoya
obi can refer to an older type of obi used centuries ago. This type was cord-like.[24] The current Nagoya obi (名古屋帯?) – or to differentiate from the fukuro Nagoya obi, also called kyūsun Nagoya
Nagoya
obi (九寸名古屋帯?, "nine-inch nagoya obi") – is the most-used obi type today. It was developed by a seamstress living in Nagoya
Nagoya
at the end of the 1920s. The new, easy-to-use obi gained popularity among Tokyo's geisha, from whom it then was adopted by fashionable city women for their everyday wear. The Nagoya
Nagoya
obi was originally for everyday wear, not for ceremonial outfits, but one made from exquisite brocade can be accepted as semi-ceremonial wear. A more formal version is called the Fukuro Nagoya
Nagoya
obi (袋名古屋帯?) or hassun Nagoya
Nagoya
obi (八寸名古屋帯?, "eight-inch Nagoya
Nagoya
obi"), which is more formal.[25]

Cuisine[edit] The city and the region are known for its unique local Nagoya
Nagoya
cuisine (名古屋めし, Nagoya
Nagoya
meshi). Dishes include:

Tebasaki: chicken wings marinated in a sweet sauce with sesame seeds, basically a type of yakitori Tenmusu: a rice ball wrapped with nori that is filled with deep-fried tempura shrimp[26] Kishimen: flat udon noodles with a slippery texture, dipped in a light soy sauce soup and a sliced leek or other flavouring added. It can be eaten cold or hot. Red miso: various dishes that use red miso, such as miso katsu (pork cutlet with sweet miso sauce and miso nikomi udon (hard udon stewed in miso soup) Hitsumabushi: rice dish with unagi in a lidded wooden container. This dish is enjoyed three ways; as unadon, with spice and as chazuke.

In popular culture[edit] Nagoya, especially Nagoya
Nagoya
Castle, has been featured in three Godzilla movies: King Kong vs. Godzilla, Mothra vs. Godzilla, and Godzilla
Godzilla
vs. Mothra. The city is also featured in Gamera vs. Gyaos and is the main setting of 2003 film Gozu. 1995 film The Hunted starred Christopher Lambert and the 1992 film Mr. Baseball
Mr. Baseball
starred Tom Selleck. The city was the setting for the 2007 movie Ashita e no yuigon (translated as Best Wishes for Tomorrow), in which a Japanese war criminal sets out to take responsibility for the execution of U.S. airmen.[27] The anime The Wind Rises by Hayao Miyazaki, released in 2013, is a highly fictionalized biography of the Mitsubishi A6M Zero's chief engineer Jiro Horikoshi
Jiro Horikoshi
and takes mostly place in Nagoya
Nagoya
of the 1920s and 30's.[28][29] Sports[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (September 2016)

Nagoya
Nagoya
is home to several professional sports teams:

Club Sport League Venue Established

Chunichi Dragons Baseball Central League Nagoya
Nagoya
Dome, Nagoya
Nagoya
Stadium 1936

Nagoya
Nagoya
Diamond Dolphins Basketball B.League Aichi Prefectural Gymnasium, Nagoya
Nagoya
Higashi sport center 1950

Toyotsu Fighting Eagles Nagoya Basketball B.League Biwajima sport center 1957

Nagoya
Nagoya
Grampus Football J. League Mizuho Athletic Stadium, Toyota
Toyota
Stadium 1993

Nagoya
Nagoya
Oceans Futsal F. League Teva Ocean Arena. 2006

In 2007, the Chunichi Dragons
Chunichi Dragons
won the Japan
Japan
Series baseball championship. In 2010, Nagoya Grampus
Nagoya Grampus
won the J. League
J. League
championship, their first in team history. Nagoya
Nagoya
is also the home of the Nagoya Barbarians semi-pro rugby football club. A honbasho sumo tournament is held every July at the Aichi Prefectural Gymnasium. The city has hosted The Crowns golf tournament since 1960 and the women's Nagoya Marathon since 1984. In September 2016 the city was awarded the right to host the 2026 Asian Games
Asian Games
after it was the only city to lodge a bid. It will be the third time Japan
Japan
hosts the event after Tokyo
Tokyo
in 1958 and Hiroshima
Hiroshima
in 1994.[30] The city hosted the official 1979 Asian Basketball
Basketball
Championship. Later, it became one of the host cities of the official Women's Volleyball World Championship for its 1998, 2006 and 2010 editions.

Nagoya
Nagoya
Stadium

Nagoya
Nagoya
Dome

The Chunichi Dragons
Chunichi Dragons
are one of Japan's strongest baseball teams

The Aichi Prefectural Gymnasium
Aichi Prefectural Gymnasium
is used for Sumo
Sumo
wrestling and other events

Nagoya
Nagoya
Higashi sport center

Nagoya
Nagoya
Diamond Dolphins

Biwajima sport center

Mizuho Athletic Stadium

Nagoya
Nagoya
Grampus

Teva Ocean Arena

International relations[edit]

Nagoya
Nagoya
International Center

The Nagoya International Center
Nagoya International Center
promotes international exchange in the local community. Twin towns – sister cities[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Japan Nagoya
Nagoya
is twinned with five cities around the world:[31]

Los Angeles, United States
United States
(affiliated Apr. 1, 1959) Mexico
Mexico
City, Mexico
Mexico
(affiliated Feb. 16, 1978) Sydney, Australia
Australia
(affiliated Sept. 16, 1980) Turin, Italy
Italy
(affiliated May 27, 2005)[32] Reims, France
France
(affiliated October 20, 2017)

The sister city relationship with Nanjing
Nanjing
in China
China
was suspended in February 21, 2012,[33] following public comments by Nagoya
Nagoya
mayor Takashi Kawamura denying the Nanking Massacre.[34] Sister ports[edit] Nagoya's sister ports are:

Los Angeles, United States
United States
(1959) Fremantle, Australia
Australia
(1983) Baltimore, United States
United States
(1985) Antwerp, Belgium
Belgium
(1988) Shanghai, China
China
(2003) Sydney, Australia
Australia
(2010) Bruges, Belgium
Belgium
(2013)

Sister Airport[edit] Nagoya's sister Airport are:

Grant County International Airport, United States
United States
(2016)

Notable people[edit]

Mao Asada

Shoma Uno

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Historical figures[edit] The three samurais who unified Japan
Japan
in the 16th century all have strong links to Nagoya.

Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
(1534–1582), from Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
in Owari Province Toyotomi Hideyoshi
Toyotomi Hideyoshi
(1536–1598), one of Oda Nobunaga's top generals Tokugawa Ieyasu
Tokugawa Ieyasu
(1543–1616), born in Mikawa Province, (the eastern half of modern Aichi prefecture)

Oda Nobunaga
Oda Nobunaga
was born according to legend in Nagoya
Nagoya
Castle

Toyotomi Hideyoshi, known as Japan's second "great unifier"

Tokugawa Ieyasu

Other samurai

Minamoto no Yoritomo
Minamoto no Yoritomo
(the first shōgun of the Kamakura shogunate) Shibata Katsuie
Shibata Katsuie
(samurai of the Sengoku period) Niwa Nagahide
Niwa Nagahide
(samurai of the Sengoku period) Maeda Toshiie
Maeda Toshiie
(samurai of the Sengoku period) Katō Kiyomasa
Katō Kiyomasa
(samurai of the Sengoku period) Sassa Narimasa
Sassa Narimasa
(samurai of the Sengoku period) Sakuma Nobumori (samurai of the Sengoku period) Sakuma Morimasa
Sakuma Morimasa
(samurai of the Sengoku period) Maeda Toshimasu
Maeda Toshimasu
(Maeda Keijirō, samurai of the Sengoku period)

Inventors and industrialists[edit]

Sakichi Toyoda
Sakichi Toyoda
(1867–1930), prolific inventor from Shizuoka Prefecture Kiichiro Toyoda
Kiichiro Toyoda
(1894–1952), son of Sakichi Toyoda, established Toyota
Toyota
Motor Corporation Akio Morita
Akio Morita
(1921–1999), co-founder of Sony Jiro Horikoshi
Jiro Horikoshi
(1903–1982), worked in Nagoya
Nagoya
as chief engineer of the Mitsubishi A6M Zero
Mitsubishi A6M Zero
fighter

Executive officers[edit]

Yoichi Wada

Writers[edit]

Yokoi Yayū
Yokoi Yayū
(1702–1783), haiku poet and samurai in Owari Domain Ryukichi Terao (born 1971), Hispanist and translator of Latin American literature

Musicians and composers[edit]

Moa Kikuchi Home Made Kazoku Yōsei Teikoku Spyair Kiyoharu Koji Kondo Seamo Naomi Tamura Kazuki Kato Lullatone Jasmine You Outrage Kanon Suzuki Shinichi Suzuki nobodyknows+ SKE48 Coldrain May'n Team Syachihoko

Actors[edit]

Naoko Mori Kaito Nakamura The Nose sisters: Anna, Erena, and Karina Hirotaka Suzuoki Hiroshi Tamaki

Athletes[edit]

Miki Ando Mao Asada Mai Asada Midori Ito Jong Tae-se Takahiko Kozuka Takashi Sugiura Último Dragón Shoma Uno

Manga artists[edit]

Akane Ogura Akira Toriyama Mohiro Kitoh

Sightseeing[edit]

Tokugawa Garden

Nagoya's two most famous sightseeing spots are Atsuta Shrine
Atsuta Shrine
and Nagoya
Nagoya
Castle.[35]

Atsuta Shrine
Atsuta Shrine
is the second-most venerable shrine in Japan, after Ise Grand Shrine. It is said to hold the Kusanagi
Kusanagi
sword, one of the three imperial regalia of Japan, but it is not on public display. It holds around 70 festivals per year. The shrine hosts over 4,400 national treasures that span its 2,000 year history. Nagoya Castle
Nagoya Castle
was built in 1612. Although a large part of it burned down during World War II, the castle was restored in 1959, adding amenities such as elevators. The castle is famous for two magnificent Golden tiger-headed carp (金の鯱, Kin no Shachihoko) on the roof, often used as the symbol of Nagoya.

Other attractions include:

Nagoya TV Tower
Nagoya TV Tower
and Hisaya-Ōdori Park, located in the central Sakae district JR Central Towers
JR Central Towers
of Nagoya
Nagoya
Station Midland Square: The new international sales headquarters for Toyota features Japan's highest open-air observation deck.[36] The Nagoya Port
Nagoya Port
area: The Nagoya
Nagoya
port area includes a themed shopping mall called Italia Mura as well as the popular Port of Nagoya
Port of Nagoya
Public Aquarium. Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens
Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens
and the Higashiyama Sky Tower The Toyota
Toyota
museums: The Toyota
Toyota
Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology near Nagoya
Nagoya
station Danpusan Kofun : The maximum old burial mound(Kofun) in Aichi. The Noritake
Noritake
factory: The home of Noritake
Noritake
fine chinaware is open to visitors and allows people to learn about the history of the establishment. It includes a cafe, information/technology displays, and shopping facilities, so visitors can spend a whole day wandering through the displays and grounds. It also holds a few unrestored areas that serve as reminders of devastation caused by the final stages of World War II. The SCMaglev and Railway Park The Nagoya/Boston Museum of Fine Arts
Nagoya/Boston Museum of Fine Arts
(N/BMFA) The Ōsu
Ōsu
shopping district and nearby temples, Ōsu
Ōsu
Kannon and Banshō-ji The Tokugawa Art Museum
Tokugawa Art Museum
and the Tokugawa Garden, a surrounding Japanese garden The Nagoya
Nagoya
City Science and Art Museums, located in Shirakawa Park, not far from Fushimi Subway Station The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ Money Museum, now located near the Akatsuka-shirakabe 赤塚白壁 bus stop on Dekimachi-dori.[37] Legoland
Legoland
Japan, Japan's first Legoland
Legoland
resort.[38]

Sakae Town

Meieki Town

Kanayama Town

Ozone Town

Imaike Town

Hoshigaoka Town

Yabacho Town

Atsuta Shrine

Nagoya
Nagoya
Castle

Ōsu
Ōsu
Kannon

Banshō-ji

Toyota
Toyota
Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology

SCMaglev and Railway Park

The Nagoya TV Tower
Nagoya TV Tower
and Oasis 21

Hisaya Ōdori Park ( Nagoya
Nagoya
Central Park)

Ōsu
Ōsu
shopping district

Port of Nagoya Garden Wharf

Port of Nagoya
Port of Nagoya
Public Aquarium

Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens

Togokusan Fruits Park

ShōnaiGreens

Tsuruma Park

Tokugawa Art Museum

Shirotori Park

Arimatsu

Nakamura Park

Cultural Path
Cultural Path
Futaba Museum (The residences of Sada Yacco)

Nittai-ji

Noritake
Noritake
Garden

Nagoya
Nagoya
City Science Museum

Danpusan Kofun

Maker’s Pier

Legoland
Legoland
Japan

Nagoya
Nagoya
is a starting point for visits to the surrounding area, such as Inuyama, Little World Museum of Man, Meiji Mura, Tokoname, Himakajima, Tahara, Toyohashi and Toyokawa and Hamamatsu. Reachable with at most a two-hour journey are Gifu, Gujo Hachiman, Gifu, Ise Shrine, Takayama, Gifu, Gero Onsen and the hill stations in the Kiso Valley Magome
Magome
and Tsumago.

Japan
Japan
portal

References[edit]

^ Nagoya's official English Name Archived 2010-02-02 at the Wayback Machine. ^ 平成23年6月1日現在の世帯数と人口(全市・区別) (in Japanese). Retrieved 19 June 2011.  ^ "Population of Japan". Japanese Statistics Bureau. 2010.  ^ " Kiyosu
Kiyosu
Castle". Archived from the original on 2008-02-09. Retrieved 2007-05-01.  ^ The First Heroes by Craig Nelson ^ 21st Bomber Command, Tactical Mission Report NO. 44, ocr.pdf, March 20, 1945. ^ Preston John Hubbard (1990). Apocalypse Undone. Vanderbilt University Press. p. 199.  ^ "気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値)". Japan Meteorological Agency.  ^ "観測史上1~10位の値( 年間を通じての値)". Japan Meteorological Agency.  ^ 平成22年12月1日現在の世帯数と人口(全市・区別) [Population and Number of Households as of 1 December, Heisei 22] (in Japanese). Nagoya
Nagoya
City. 20 December 2010. Archived from the original on 15 January 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2011.  ^ "Report of Chubu Bureau of Economy, Trade and Industry METI (in Japanese)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-13.  ^ Kohase, Yusuke (5 January 2015). "三菱航空機、名古屋空港に本社移転 小牧南工場に隣接". Aviation Wire. Retrieved 16 January 2015.  ^ Toyota
Toyota
to sink $67.2 mln in Mitsubishi passenger jet, China
China
Economic Net, May 23, 2008 Archived July 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Anselmo, Joe. "Milestone for the MRJ" Aviation Week & Space Technology, 24 October 2014. Accessed: 25 October 2014. ^ Mecham, Michael & Anselmo, Joe. "Big ambitions" Aviation Week & Space Technology, 17 March 2008. Accessed: 25 October 2014. ^ "Dawn of a new era for Japan's aviation industry with MRJ debut flight". 11 November 2015. Retrieved 12 April 2017 – via Japan
Japan
Times Online.  ^ Pfanner, Eric (11 November 2015). "Mitsubishi Aims for the Sky After Jet Takes Off". Retrieved 12 April 2017 – via www.wsj.com.  ^ http://www.nic-nagoya.or.jp/en/e/archives/21092 ^ "GREATER NAGOYA INITIATIVE, Industry, Growth Sectors". Archived from the original on 2009-03-02.  ^ " Greater Nagoya
Greater Nagoya
Initiative, Industry, Innovation". Archived from the original on 2009-01-30.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-12. Retrieved 2008-02-07.  Escolas Brasileiras Homologadas no Japão ^ " Nagoya University
Nagoya University
World Class Researchers". nagoya-u.ac.jp. Retrieved 12 April 2017.  ^ "Yamasa.org's Tokugawa Art Museum
Tokugawa Art Museum
page".  ^ Yoshino Antiques. "Kimono". Archived from the original on 2009-03-26. Retrieved 2009-03-07.  ^ Toma-san. 帯の種類について (in Japanese). Retrieved 2009-03-08.  ^ Inada, S. (2011). Simply Onigiri: fun and creative recipes for Japanese rice balls. Marshall Cavendish International (Asia) Private Limited. p. 86. ISBN 978-981-4484-95-4. Retrieved June 16, 2017.  ^ Nagoya
Nagoya
on IMDb ^ Cangialosi, Jason. "Miyazaki's 'The Wind Rises' Ignites Debate & Japanese Box-Office". Yahoo! Voices. Archived from the original on 27 July 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2013.  ^ UK, The Huffington Post (9 May 2014). "EXCLUSIVE: Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
On Rising For His Final Film". huffingtonpost.co.uk. Retrieved 12 April 2017.  ^ "Games-Nagoya, Aichi prefecture to host 2026 Asian Games". Asahi Shimbun. 25 September 2016. Retrieved 28 September 2016.  ^ "Nagoya's Sister Cities". Retrieved 2007-04-20.  ^ Pessotto, Lorenzo. "International Affairs - Twinnings and Agreements". International Affairs Service in cooperation with Servizio Telematico Pubblico. City of Torino. Archived from the original on 2013-06-18. Retrieved 2013-08-06.  ^ Wang, Chuhan (22 February 2012). " Nanjing
Nanjing
suspends official contact with Nagoya". CNTV.  ^ Fackler, Martin (22 February 2012). "Chinese City Severs Ties After Japanese Mayor Denies Massacre". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved 26 February 2012.  ^ " Nagoya
Nagoya
Sightseeing". JapanVisitor. Retrieved 2013-03-26.  ^ "Midland Square". December 2006. Retrieved 2007-04-20.  ^ "The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ Money Museum". Nagoya International Center.  ^ Yoshimoto, Minako. "Long line marks opening of Legoland
Legoland
Japan
Japan
in Nagoya". Asahi Shimbun. Asahi Shimbun. Retrieved 4 April 2017. 

Bibliography[edit] See also: Timeline of Nagoya
Timeline of Nagoya
§ Bibliography External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nagoya.

Wikisource
Wikisource
has the text of the 1920 Encyclopedia Americana
Encyclopedia Americana
article Nagoya.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nagoya.

Nagoya
Nagoya
City official website (in Japanese) Nagoya
Nagoya
City official website WikiSatellite view of Nagoya
Nagoya
at WikiMapia Nagoya
Nagoya
International Center Official Tourism Guide - Nagoya
Nagoya
Travel Guide

v t e

Mass transit in Nagoya
Nagoya
(Chūkyō)

Municipal Subway lines

Higashiyama Meijō Meikō Tsurumai Sakura-dōri Kamiiida

Meitetsu
Meitetsu
lines

Owari (Western Aichi)

 NH  Nagoya  TB  Tsushima  TB  BS  Bisai  IY  Inuyama  KM  Komaki  ST  Seto

Chita Peninsula

 TA  Tokoname  TA  Airport  KC  Kōwa  KC  Chita  CH  Chikkō

Mikawa (Eastern Aichi)

 TK  Toyokawa  MU  MY  Mikawa  TT  Toyota  GN  Nishio  GN  Gamagōri

Mino (Southern Gifu)

 KG  Kakamigahara  HM  Hiromi  TH  Takehana  TH  Hashima

Kintetsu lines (Osaka- Nagoya
Nagoya
Line area)

 E  Nagoya  K  Yunoyama  L  Suzuka  M  Yamada  M  Toba  M  Shima

JR Central
JR Central
lines

Shinkansen

Tokaido Shinkansen

Conventional lines

Tokaido Chuo Kansai Iida Taketoyo Takayama Taita Kisei Sangū Meishō

Other lines

Minor private railways

Toyotetsu

City line (Azumada) Atsumi

Sangi

Sangi Hokusei

Yōrō Jōhoku

Third-sector railways

former JNR lines

Aikan (Aichi Loop) Akechi Nagaragawa (Etumi South) Tarumi Ise

 AN  Aonami Yokkaichi Asunarou

Utsube Hachiōji

HSST

 L  Linimo

Guided bus

 Y  Yutorito (Shidami)

Cable and Ropeway

Gozaisho Ropeway

Bus

Transportation Bureau City of Nagoya

Nagoya
Nagoya
Municipal Bus Key Route Bus (BRT)

Meitetsu
Meitetsu
Group

Meitetsu
Meitetsu
Bus Gifu
Gifu
Bus Chita Noriai

Kintetsu Group

Mie Kotsu

Willer Express
Willer Express
(long distance) Meitetsu
Meitetsu
Highway Bus Center (@ Nagoya
Nagoya
Station) Sakae JR Bus Terminal (@Sakae Station)

Terminals

Rail Nagoya/ Meitetsu
Meitetsu
Nagoya/Kintetsu Nagoya Kanayama Ōzone Sakae/Sakaemachi Gifu/ Meitetsu
Meitetsu
Gifu Toyohashi/Shin-toyohashi/Ekimae Airports

Centrair Komaki

Ports

Nagoya Yokkaichi Kinuura (Handa and Hekinan) Mikawa (Toyohashi)

Miscellaneous

Transport in Greater Nagoya Ferry operators

Taiheiyo Ferry (regional) Ise Bay
Ise Bay
Ferry Meitetsu
Meitetsu
Tourist Ferry

Cards

Manaca TOICA Tranpass

Japan
Japan
transit: Tokyo Osaka Nagoya Fukuoka Hakone Fuji Izu Hokkaido Sendai Niigata Toyama Nagano Okayama Hiroshima Shikoku Metro systems Shinkansen trams (list) aerial lifts (list)

v t e

Aichi Prefecture

Nagoya
Nagoya
(capital)

Wards of Nagoya

Atsuta Chikusa Higashi Kita Meitō Midori Minami Minato Mizuho Moriyama Naka Nakagawa Nakamura Nishi Shōwa Tempaku

Core cities

Okazaki Toyohashi Toyota

Special
Special
cities

Ichinomiya Kasugai

Cities

Aisai Ama Anjō Chiryū Chita Gamagōri Handa Hekinan Inazawa Inuyama Iwakura Kariya Kitanagoya Kiyosu Komaki Kōnan Miyoshi Nagakute Nishio Nisshin Ōbu Owariasahi Seto Shinshiro Tahara Takahama Tokoname Tōkai Toyoake Toyokawa Tsushima Yatomi

Aichi District

Tōgō

Ama District

Kanie Ōharu Tobishima

Chita District

Agui Higashiura Mihama Minamichita Taketoyo

Kitashitara District

Shitara Tōei Toyone

Nishikasugai District

Toyoyama

Niwa District

Fusō Ōguchi

Nukata District

Kōta

List of mergers in Aichi Prefecture

v t e

Metropolitan cities of Japan

Tokyo
Tokyo
Metropolis

Special
Special
wards of Tokyo※ (Adachi Arakawa Bunkyo Chiyoda Chūō Edogawa Itabashi Katsushika Kita Koto Meguro Minato Nakano Nerima Ōta Setagaya Shibuya Shinagawa Shinjuku Suginami Sumida Toshima Taitō)

Designated cities

Chiba※ Fukuoka※ Hamamatsu Hiroshima※ Kawasaki Kitakyushu Kobe※ Kumamoto※ Kyoto※ Nagoya※ Niigata※ Okayama※ Osaka※ Sagamihara Saitama※ Sakai Sapporo※ Sendai※ Shizuoka※ Yokohama※

Core cities

Akita※ Amagasaki Aomori※ Asahikawa Fukuyama Funabashi Gifu※ Hachinohe Hachiōji Hakodate Higashiōsaka Himeji Hirakata Iwaki Kagoshima※ Kanazawa※ Kashiwa Kawagoe Kōchi※ Kōriyama Koshigaya Kurashiki Kure Kurume Maebashi※ Matsuyama※ Miyazaki※ Morioka※ Naha Nagano※ Nagasaki※ Nara※ Nishinomiya Ōita※ Okazaki Ōtsu※ Sasebo Shimonoseki Takamatsu※ Takasaki Takatsuki Toyama※ Toyohashi Toyonaka Toyota Utsunomiya※ Wakayama※ Yokosuka

Special
Special
cities

Akashi Atsugi Chigasaki Fuji Fukui※ Hiratsuka Ibaraki Ichinomiya Isesaki Jōetsu Kakogawa Kasugai Kasukabe Kawaguchi Kishiwada Kōfu※ Kumagaya Matsue※ Matsumoto Mito※ Nagaoka Neyagawa Numazu Odawara Ōta Saga※ Sōka Suita Takarazuka Tokorozawa Tottori※ Tsukuba Yamagata※ Yamato Yao Yokkaichi

Prefectural capitals

Fukushima Tsu Tokushima Yamaguchi

Note: ※ also a prefectural capital

v t e

World's fifty most-populous urban areas

Tokyo– Yokohama
Yokohama
(Keihin) Jakarta
Jakarta
(Jabodetabek) Delhi Manila
Manila
(Metro Manila) Seoul– Incheon
Incheon
(Sudogwon) Shanghai Karachi Beijing New York City Guangzhou– Foshan
Foshan
(Guangfo)

São Paulo Mexico
Mexico
City (Valley of Mexico) Mumbai Osaka–Kobe– Kyoto
Kyoto
(Keihanshin) Moscow Dhaka Greater Cairo Los Angeles Bangkok Kolkata

Greater Buenos Aires Tehran Istanbul Lagos Shenzhen Rio de Janeiro Kinshasa Tianjin Paris Lima

Chengdu Greater London Nagoya
Nagoya
(Chūkyō) Lahore Chennai Bangalore Chicago Bogotá Ho Chi Minh City Hyderabad

Dongguan Johannesburg Wuhan Taipei-Taoyuan Hangzhou Hong Kong Chongqing Ahmedabad Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
(Klang Valley) Quanzhou

v t e

Metropolitan areas in Japan
Japan
with a population of over a million

Hokkaido
Hokkaido
region

Sapporo(ja)

Ishikari Shiribeshi Sorachi

Tōhoku region

Sendai(ja)

Miyagi

Kantō region

Utsunomiya(ja)

Tochigi

Maebashi(ja)

Gunma

Tokyo(ja)

Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanangawa Ibaraki Yamanashi

Chūbu region

Niigata(ja)

Niigata

Shizuoka(ja)

Shizuoka

Hamamatsu(ja)

Shizuoka

Nagoya(ja)

Gifu Aichi Mie

Kinki region

Kyoto(ja)

Shiga Kyoto

Osaka(ja)

Kyoto Osaka Hyogo Nara Wakayama

Kobe(ja)

Hyogo

Chūgoku region

Okayama(ja)

Okayama

Hiroshima(ja)

Hiroshima

Kyushu
Kyushu
region

Kitakyushu(ja)

Fukuoka

Fukuoka(ja)

Fukuoka Saga

Kumamoto(ja)

Kumamoto

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 148860643 LCCN: n96096101 ISNI: 0000 0004 0389 2104 GND: 4126104-5 SUDOC: 17573500X BNF: cb119583239 (d

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