NAGOLD is a town in southwestern Germany, bordering the Northern
Black Forest . It is located in the
Landkreis (district) of Calw
Nagold is known for its ruined castle,
Hohennagold Castle , and for its road viaduct . It takes its name from
Nagold , which flows through the town.
Nagold has a beautiful city centre where half-timbered houses and
modern architecture meet each other. The following small villages
belong to the district of Nagold: Emmingen, Gündringen, Hochdorf,
Iselshausen, Mindersbach, Pfrondorf, Schietingen and Vollmaringen.
* 1 History
* 2 Population development
* 3 Mayors and (since 1981) Lord Mayors
* 4 Sons and daughters of the town
* 5 References
* 6 External links
Notable half-timbered house in Nagold. Hotel Post
Nagold Basin was probably settled as early as the early Stone
Age: 2000 to 3000 BCE. With its fertile soil and mild climate in the
low mountain ridge, the basin afforded ideal possibilities for
settlement. Traces of early human occupation from the Hallstatt
culture (700 to 450 BCE) have been found in the "Bächle" area. The
Celts were in the
Nagold basin by the 6th and 5th centuries BCE. They
were responsible for naming the river Nagold, meaning "flowing stretch
of water". A Celtic royal burial mound (locally called Krautbühl) and
signs of numerous settlements and graves have been found on
By the 1st century, the Romans had established two settlements in the
basin. One of these settlements was unearthed in the 7th century
during construction of Remigiuskirche. Stone walls from the remains
were used in the Remigiuskirche foundation.
Alamanni expelled the Romans from the
Nagold Basin around 260.
They emphasized settlement of the valley, and expanded their
territory. Around 700, the
Franks conquered the Alamanni. The
Remigiuskirche was built during this time, and it is assumed the
Franks established a court in the area.
Nagold became the
administrative center of the region which extended from
Kniebis . Small towns and settlements began to spring up around
Nagold. Pfalzgraf Rudolf von Tübingen established
Nagold as a city
early in the 13th century in order to protect his holdings in the
Black Forest . Through marriage in the year 1230,
under the control of the Grafen von Hohenberg , who sped up
development of the city. By the end of the 13th century,
encircled with a 5.5-metre-high (18 ft) wall, complete with moat and
gate towers. Around 1350, the Plague devastated the population.
Construction was begun on Marienkirche church in 1360. The church was
razed in 1876-1877, but an original tower built in 1401 still stands
on Turmstrasse street.
In 1363 the Hohenbergs were forced out of Nagold, and the Dukes
Eberhard and Ulrich von Württemberg bought the city.
served as a court city (Amtstadt), and in 1806 was elevated to a high
court city (Oberamtstadt), which lasted until being abolished in 1938.
In the 16th century, farmers' uprisings led to the departure of the
local aristocracy . Austria, always looking to expand the Habsburg
domain, quickly moved into the
Nagold area. Herzog Ulrich reclaimed
his lands in 1534, and embraced
During the Thirty Years\' War (1618–1647), the Burg Hohennagold
(castle) was destroyed.
Nagold were destroyed in devastating fires in 1825, 1850,
1887, and 1893. Marktstrasse is one of the few streets in
have escaped destruction in the fires. A large of portion of the
architecture on this street dates to the 18th century, and includes
the three-story Rathaus (1756–1758), the Stadtbrunnen (city
fountain), the Schmidsche Apotheke with rich ornamentation, and
numerous Fachwerk (timbered) houses from the 17th century. Other
architectural treasures are scattered through the city. Among these
are the Alte Schule (old school, 1706) and the Alte Vogtei with Celtic
origins. The hotel "Alte Post" (1699) served as a stop on the old mail
Freudenstadt . The Oberamtei (from 14th
century) is located on Oberamteistrasse, and was the location of the
high court (Oberamt) from 1812 until 1938. Bus station in
As early as 1924,
Nagold was a
NSDAP (Nazi) base of support.
According to voting statistics, 19.4% of the population voted
May 1924. Comparatively, the
NSDAP captured just 6.5% of the vote
nationwide, and a mere 4.1% in Baden and Württemberg during the same
The Reunification of
Germany in 1989 brought new hopes for the future
Germany and Nagold, but was quickly followed by the worst recession
in post-war history. Home construction, attraction of industry, and
improvement of infrastructure have been difficult problems for Nagold.
A city policy of construction, combined with improvement of the old
city center, are cornerstones of the city planning. In 1992, the
city's open-air swimming pool was amended with an indoor pool, and in
1996 a new cultural center named "Kubus" was built in the city center.
Data source: Estimates, Census results, data from statistical
MAYORS AND (SINCE 1981) LORD MAYORS
* 1819–1828: Konrad Greiner
* 1828–1848: Gottlieb Fuchsstatt
* 1848–1888: Eduard Friedrich Engel
* 1888–1913: Friedrich Brodbeck
* 1913–1945: Hermann Maier
* 1945–1946: Walter Wolf
* 1946–1974: Eugen Breitling
* 1974–1992: Joachim Bernhard Schultis, CDU
* 1992–2008: Rainer Prewo, SPD
* since 2008: Jürgen Großmann, CDU
SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF THE TOWN
* Johann Epp (born 1521), rector of the
University of Tübingen
* Johann Friedrich Groß (born 1732), professor of physics in
Martin Brecht (born 1932), professor for church history in
* Rolf Benz (born 1933), entrepreneur, founder of Rolf Benz AG
Stefan Dörflinger (born 1949), motorcycle racing driver
Silke Maier-Witt (born 1950), former member of the RAF
Ulrich Grosse (born 1953), local traffic consultant
* ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und
Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016".
Statistisches Bundesamt (in German).
* ^ Bevölkerungsstand von Nagold, abgerufen am 26. Juni 2013
* Official homepage