NAGISA OSHIMA (大島 渚, Ōshima Nagisa, March 31, 1932 – January
15, 2013) was a Japanese film director and screenwriter. His films
In the Realm of the Senses
* 1 Early life * 2 1960s * 3 1970s * 4 1980s and beyond * 5 Awards
* 6 Filmography
* 6.1 Films * 6.2 Television
* 7 Writings
* 7.1 Translations
* 8 Notes
* 8.1 References
* 9 External links
After graduating from
Oshima's cinematic career and influence developed very swiftly, and
such films as
Cruel Story of Youth and
Night and Fog in Japan followed
in 1960. The last of these 1960 films explored Oshima's
disillusionment with the traditional political left, and his
frustrations with the right, and
In 1961 Oshima directed The Catch , based on a novella by Kenzaburō
Ōe about the relationship between a wartime Japanese village and a
Oshima directed three features in 1968. The first of these - Death by
Hanging (1968) presented the story of the failed execution of a young
Korean for rape and murder, and was loosely based upon an actual crime
and execution which had taken place in 1958. The film utilizes
non-realistic "distancing" techniques after the fashion of Bertold
Diary of a Shinjuku Thief unites a number of Oshima's
thematic concerns within a dense, collage-style presentation.
Featuring a title which alludes to
Boy (1969), based on another real-life case, was the story of a family who use their child to make money by deliberately getting involved in road accidents and making the drivers pay compensation.
The Ceremony (1971) is a satirical look at Japanese attitudes, famously expressed in a scene where a marriage ceremony has to go ahead even though the bride is not present.
In 1976, Oshima made
In the Realm of the Senses
In his 1978 companion film to In the Realm of the Senses, Empire of
Passion , Oshima took a more restrained approach to depicting the
sexual passions of the two lovers driven to murder, and the film won
Cannes Film Festival
1980S AND BEYOND
In 1983 Oshima had a critical success with a film made partly in
Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence , set in a wartime prison camp,
and featuring rock star
For much of the 1980s and 1990s, he served as president of the Directors Guild of Japan . He won the inaugural Directors Guild of Japan New Directors Award in 1960.
A collection of Oshima's essays and articles was published in English in 1993 as Cinema, Censorship and the State. A critical study by Maureen Turim appeared in 1998.
In 1996 Oshima suffered a stroke, but he recovered enough to return
to directing in 1999 with the samurai film Taboo (Gohatto), set during
the bakumatsu era and starring
Merry Christmas, Mr. Lawrence actor
He subsequently suffered more strokes, and
Gohatto proved to be his
final film. Oshima had initially planned to create a biopic entitled
Hollywood Zen based off the life of
Oshima had a degree of fluency in English. In the 2000s, he worked as a translator, translating four volumes by John Gray into Japanese, including " Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus ". Oshima died on January 15, 2013 of pneumonia. He was 80.
The 2013 edition of the San Sebastian Film Festival scheduled a retrospective of Oshima's films in September.
YEAR ENGLISH TITLE JAPANESE TITLE ROMAJI NOTES
1959 Tomorrow's Sun 明日の太陽 Ashita no Taiyō Short (7 min), color.
1959 A Town of Love and Hope 愛と希望の街 Ai to Kibō no Machi 62 min, B&W.
1960 Cruel Story of Youth 青春残酷物語 Seishun Zankoku Monogatari 96 min, color.
1960 The Sun's Burial 太陽の墓場 Taiyō no Hakaba 87 min, color.
1960 Night and Fog in Japan 日本の夜と霧 Nihon no Yoru to Kiri 107 min, color.
1961 The Catch 飼育 Shiiku 105 min, B&W.
1962 The Rebel 天草四郎時貞 Amakusa Shirō Tokisada 101 min, B&W.
1965 The Pleasures of the Flesh 悦楽 Etsuraku 90 min, color.
1965 Yunbogi's Diary ユンボギの日記 Yunbogi no Nikki (Short) 24 min, B&W.
1966 Violence at Noon 白昼の通り魔 Hakuchū no Tōrima 99 min, B&W.
1967 Tales of the Ninja (Band of Ninja) 忍者武芸帳 Ninja Bugei-Chō 131 min, B&W.
1967 Sing a Song of Sex (A Treatise on Japanese Bawdy Songs) 日本春歌考 Nihon Shunka-Kō 103 min, color.
1967 Double Suicide: Japanese Summer 無理心中日本の夏 Muri Shinjū: Nihon no Natsu 98 min, B&W.
1968 Death by Hanging 絞死刑 Kōshikē 117 min, B&W.
1968 Three Resurrected Drunkards 帰って来たヨッパライ Kaette Kita Yopparai 80 min, color.
1969 Diary of a Shinjuku Thief 新宿泥棒日記 Shinjuku Dorobō Nikki 94 min, B&W/color.
1969 Boy 少年 Shōnen 97 min, color.
1970 Man Who Left His Will On Film 東京戰争戦後秘話 Tōkyō Sensō Sengo Hiwa 94 min, B -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">
* ^ A B Bergen, Ronald (January 15, 2013). "Nagisa Oshima
obituary". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 16 January 2013.
* ^ Bock 1978 , p. 311
* ^ A B Bock 1978 , p. 333
* ^ Turim 1998 , p. 168
* ^ Oshima 1992 , p. 101
* ^ Richie, Donald (2001). A Hundred Years Of Japanese Film. Tokyo:
Kodansha International. p. 198.
* ^ Bock 1978 , p. 335
* ^ Sato, Tadao (1982). Currents In Japanese Cinema. Tokyo:
Kodansha International. p. 177.
* ^ Turim 1998 , p. 88
* ^ Lim, Dennis (January 15, 2013). "Nagisa Oshima, Iconoclastic
Filmmaker, Dies at 80".
The New York Times
* ^ "Nihon eiga kantoku kyōkai nenpyō" (in Japanese). Nihon eiga kantoku kyōkai. Retrieved August 17, 2010. * ^ "Nihon Eiga Kantoku Kyōkai Shinjinshō" (in Japanese). Directors Guild of Japan. Retrieved December 11, 2010. * ^ Oshima 1992 * ^ Turim 1998 * ^ Schilling, Mark. "Nagisa Oshima: a leading force in film". The Japan Times. The Japan Times. Retrieved 21 December 2014. * ^ "Gil Rossellini Interview with Nagsia Oshima (Part 3 of 3)". YouTube. YouTube. Event occurs at 3:15. Retrieved 21 December 2014. Yes, I am planning to shoot a story of a Japanese. His name is Sessue Hayakawa. He was the only Japanese star in Hollywood. It was the 1910s silent film period of Hollywood. I will try to describe this star and the situation of the Japanese in the states. * ^ "The 61st San Sebastian Festival will dedicate a retrospective to Nagisa Oshima". San Sebastian Film Festival. January 17, 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2013.
* Turim, Maureen Cheryn (1998). The Films of Oshima Nagisa: Images of a Japanese Iconoclast. Berkeley: University of California. ISBN 978-0520206663 . * Bock, Audie (1978). Japanese Film Directors. Kodansha. ISBN 0-87011-304-6 . * Oshima, Nagisa (1992). Cinema, Censorship And The State. Cambridge: MIT Press. ISBN 0-262-65039-8 .
* v * t * e
Films directed by
* Cruel Story of Youth (1960)