Naarden () is a city
and former municipality
in the Gooi
region in the province
of North Holland
. It has been part of the new municipality of Gooise Meren
Naarden was granted its city rights
in 1300 (the only town in Het Gooi with these rights) and later developed into a fortified garrison town with a textile industry.
Naarden is an example of a star fort
, complete with fortified
walls and a moat
. The moat and walls have been restored.
John Amos Comenius
, 17th century Moravian born Czech educator was buried in the city, and his mausoleum is open for visitors.
Despite its earlier importance, Naarden's population was surpassed by Hilversum
in the 18th century and today it is smaller than its neighbour Bussum
The city's distinctive shape made it a rallying point for Allied bombers returning to England after raids on Germany.
Naarden was a separate municipality until 2015. On 1 January 2016, the municipality of Naarden merged with Muiden
to form the new municipality of Gooise Meren
The company Stork B.V.
had its head office in Naarden.
The city of Naarden is located in the municipality of Gooise Meren
in the west of the Netherlands
. It is situated in the Gooi
region in the southeast of the province of North Holland
Naarden is the home of the Dutch Fortress Museum
(''Nederlands Vestingmuseum''). Naarden hosts the bi-annual Naarden Photo Festival and, on Good Friday
, a performance of Bach
's St. Matthew Passion
in the local church, which is called the Great Church or St. Vitus Church.
The Great Church (''Grote Kerk'') in Marktstraat dates from the 15th century. Prior to the Protestant Reformation
it was named for St. Vitus
. It is one of the oldest surviving churches in The Netherlands, having had the good fortune to survive the Spanish invasion of 1572 and the subsequent burning of the town. The church has numerous wooden vaults that are painted with scenes from the Old
and New Testament
s. These were hidden for many years and were only rediscovered in a recent restoration. The church is the venue for a number of cultural activities such as organ music nights and the bi-annual Naarden Photo festival.
The Spanish House (''Spaanse Huis''), situated at Turfpoortstraat 27, was originally a church building converted to house migrants. In 1572 Spanish troops conducted a massacre
of some 700 inhabitants who had gathered to hear a peace proposal. The Spanish then fired on the assembled citizens, and went on to set fire to the town. A plaque above the lintel of the door and below the eaves commemorates the massacre. In 1615, after the population had reestablished itself, they built the city hall on the site. Part of the building was given over to De Waag (The Scales House), the municipal office entrusted with the verification of weights and measures. The building later served a French garrison as a bakery, turning out over 1000 loaves per day. From 1967 until 1992 it served as the Comenius museum. Today, the historic building serves as the Weegschaal Museum.
Naarden is also the place where John Amos Comenius is buried in a mausoleum on Klooster straat.
This place receives many visitors from Czechia, where he was born. Comenius is known as the inventor of our school system with grades and different classes.
[John Amos Comenius]
The nearest station is Naarden-Bussum railway station
, which has services to Almere
* Nordin Amrabat
(born 1987), football player
* Willem Arondeus
(1894–1943), professional artist, author and Dutch Resistance
* Tom Coronel
(born 1972), racing driver
* Maarten de Bruijn
(born 1965), product designer
* Annemarie Groen
(born 1955), backstroke swimmer
* Tom van 't Hek
(born 1958), field hockey player and coach
* Frank Martin
(1890–1974), Swiss composer who lived in Naarden from 1954
* Bertil Schmüll
(born 1946), engraver
* Salomon van Ruysdael
* Jacob Spiers (born 1987), anthropologist and professional jump rope athlete
*Official websiteA view on the old city of Naarden
Category:Geography of Gooise Meren
Category:Former municipalities of North Holland
Category:Populated places in North Holland
Category:Cities in the Netherlands
Category:Fortifications in the Netherlands
Category:1300 establishments in Europe