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JP¥ 2,401 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 20.1 billion) (FY 2014)

Net income

JP¥ 47.5 billion(FY 2014) (US$ 395.8 million) (FY 2014)

Number of employees

33,520 (as of March 31, 2015)

Website Official website

Footnotes / references [1][2][3][4]

NY K Line
K Line
container

NYK Maritime Museum
NYK Maritime Museum
and NYK's Yokohama
Yokohama
branch

Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha (日本郵船株式会社, Nippon Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan
Japan
Mail Shipping
Shipping
Line or NYK Line)[1] is one of the oldest and largest shipping companies in the world. It is a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu. The company has its headquarters in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Japan
and a fleet of about 800 ships, that includes container ships, tankers, bulk and woodchip carriers, Ro-Ro car carriers, reefer vessels, LNG carrier
LNG carrier
and cruise ships.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1870-1900 1.2 1900-1950 1.3 Selected ships 1.4 1950-present 1.5 2016

2 Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division 3 Selected ships in post-war fleet 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links 9 Image gallery

History[edit] 1870-1900[edit] The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as the renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shokai, the company inaugurated Japan's first passenger liner service, with a route from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Shanghai; and in that same year, the company name was changed to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Mail Steamship Company. In 1885, a merger with Kyodo Unyu Kaisha (founded 1882) led to the adoption of the company's present name.[5] The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide, with a line service to London
London
being inaugurated in 1899.[5] 1900-1950[edit] The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked Kobe
Kobe
and Yokohama
Yokohama
with South America, Batavia, Melbourne, Cape Town; and frequent crossings to San Francisco
San Francisco
and Seattle. Other routes connected local Chinese cabotage vessels on the Chinese coasts and upper Yangtze. Ocean routes went east from Japan
Japan
to Vancouver
Vancouver
(Canada) or Seattle. Another way was to stop in Hawaii, and continue to San Francisco
San Francisco
and the Panama Canal. The next commercial routes were south from Japan, across the East China Sea. These went to South East Asia, the China coasts, and towards India and the Indian Ocean, to Europe or Batavia (Dutch Indies), or Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. The fastest services took ten days from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Seattle, and one month to Europe. Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe
Kobe
and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from Moji to Osaka and Yokohama. Karafuto
Karafuto
timber represented a third part of local trade. Soy bean
Soy bean
products from Dairen
Dairen
and Ryojun
Ryojun
arrived at Yokohama. The sugar cane of the South Pacific Mandate
South Pacific Mandate
and Formosa, cotton, salt and minerals represented other important parts of these transport transactions. In 1926 Toyo Kisen Line
Toyo Kisen Line
(TKK), with its fleet of nine ships, merged with NYK. The current funnel livery was introduced in 1929. The company also ran services connecting metropolitan Japan
Japan
to its exterior provinces (Chosen, Karafuto, Kwantung, Formosa and South Mandate) of the Empire. From 1924 all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships.[6] NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929 but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.[7] In World War II the NY K Line
K Line
provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific.[8] Before the war NYK had 36 passenger ships;[7] by the time of Japan's surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru, survived.[9] NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. SCAJAP requisitioned Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.[9] Selected ships[edit] The NYK fleet expanded in bursts, responding to changed economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.[10] Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise serial categories.[11] Some ships were named after Shinto
Shinto
shrines, and others were named after ancient provinces of Japan, cities of Japan, mountains of Japan
Japan
or islands of Japan. Some ships had explicitly non-Japanese names, such as ships named after cities. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Shinto
Shinto
shrines Chichibu Maru(1930).[12] Hie Maru (1930).[13][14] Heian Maru (1930).[13][15] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1930).[16] Kasuga Maru (1940).[13][17] Kitano Maru (1909).[18] Nitta Maru
Nitta Maru
(1939).[19] Tatsuta Maru
Tatsuta Maru
(1930).[13][20][21] Terukuni Maru (1930).[22] Yawata Maru
Yawata Maru
(1939)[23]

Provinces[24][25] Awa Maru (1899).[26][27] Awa Maru (1943).[28] Kaga Maru (19__).[29] Noto Maru (1934).[30][31] Tango Maru (1905).[13][32]

Mountains Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1929).[33][34] Maya Maru (1925).[35] Rokko Maru (1923).[35]

Cities Asuka Maru (1924).[36] Calcutta Maru (1917).[37] Dakar Maru (1920).[38] Durban Maru (1920).[39] Hakone Maru (1921)[40][41] Lima Maru (1920).[42] Lisbon Maru
Lisbon Maru
(1920).[43] Lyons Maru (1920).[44]

Miscellaneous Korea Maru (1901).[45] Kyushu Maru (1862).[11] Siberia Maru (1901).[46] Taiyo Maru
Taiyo Maru
(1911).[47] Toyama Maru (1915).[48] Yoshida Maru
Yoshida Maru
(1941).[49][50]

1950-present[edit]

Head office of NY K Line
K Line
(日本郵船) at Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

NYK Virgo

NYK vehicles carrier Galaxy Leader dockside at Bremerhaven in Germany (December 2006).

NYK vehicles carrier Rhea Leader

By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world. As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru on a route to California
California
in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports. NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States
United States
container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific. NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises. In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when MS Asuka entered service on the Japanese cruise market.[51][52] In 2006 Asuka was replaced by the much larger Asuka II, formerly Crystal Cruises' Crystal Harmony.[53][54] At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers, 78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about 55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27 countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK head office is based in Tokyo, and has regional headquarters in London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, and São Paulo. During the first decade of 2000s, NYK reached a remarkable position within the Liner ranking, as one of top twelve companies in the number of containers carried, number one RORO Carrier and one of the main player in LNG and break bulk transport fields, plus several awards for its cruise service quality. 2016[edit] On Monday, 31 October 2016, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Mitsui
Mitsui
OSK Lines and Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha agreed to merge their container shipping business via establishing a completely new joint venture company. The integration included their overseas terminal activities. The joint venture company operates under the name “Ocean Network Express”, with holding company offices in Tokyo, a global headquarter in Singapore and regional headquarters in United Kingdom (London), United States
United States
(Richmond, VA), Hong Kong, and Brazil (São Paulo).[55]The new company started its operations on 1st April 2018.[56] Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division[edit] NYK is also the world's largest Roll-on/roll-off
Roll-on/roll-off
ocean carrier. NYK's RORO fleet has a 660,000 car capacity which represents just over 17% of the global car transportation fleet capacity. Over 123 vessels are deployed worldwide transporting cars[57] manufactured in Japan, US, EU towards Asia, Middle East, North & South America[58], Australia, Africa and Europe. In addition to brand new cars, High and Heavy cargo (such as excavators, mobile cranes, new and used trucks and buses, trailers) and break bulk static pieces are carried all over the globe by NYK. Selected ships in post-war fleet[edit] The modern NYK fleet encompasses a variety of ship names.[11] Some names form series, as in those ships named after flowers, stars, star constellations, and provinces of pre-Meiji Japan. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Flowers ACX Cherry (1994)[59] ACX Hibiscus (1997)[59] ACX Jasmine (1996)[59] ACX Lily (1990)[59] ACX Magnolia (1998)[59] ACX Marguerite (1997)[59] ACX Salvia (1997)[59]

Stars NYK Altair (2010)[59] NYK Antares (1997)[59] NYK Canopus (1998)[59] NYK Deneb (2007)[59] NYK Rigel (2009)[59] NYK Sirius (1998)[59] NYK Vega
NYK Vega
(2006)[59]

Constellations Aries Leader (2014)[60] Auriga Leader
Auriga Leader
(2008)[61] Andromeda Leader (2007)[59] Apollon Leader (2007)[59] Cepheus Leader (2006) [59] NYK Leo (2002)[59] NYK Orion (2008)[59] NYK Pegasus (2003)[59] NYK Phoenix (2003)[59] NYK Virgo (2007)[59]

Provinces Iga Maru (1996)[59] Izu Maru (1997)[59] Izumo Maru (1997)[59] Kaga Maru (1988)[59] Sanuki Maru (1997)[59] Settsu Maru (1997)[59] Shima Maru (1997)[59]

Miscellaneous Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1954)[62] Astoria Maru (1952)[63] Galaxy Leader (2002)[64][65] Hakone Maru (1968)[66] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1974)[67] Zeus Leader (2009)[59]

Advertisement of Seattle, Washington sailings, March 1918

NYK vehicles carrier Apollon Leader

Procyon Leader

Pegasus Leader

The NYK liner Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
preserved at Naka-ku, Yokohama

Advertisement circa 1935

Advertisement circa 1930s

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Transport portal Nautical portal Companies portal Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner New Carissa Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner John Wilson

Notes[edit]

^ a b c "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Company Snapshot". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Financials". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ a b NYK: History. ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 516–517. ^ a b Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 515–516. ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history ^ a b Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter (1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here, since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead, the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899), Yamashiro Maru (1912) and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II and Yamashiro Maru III. ^ a b c ShipsList: NY K Line
K Line
fleet. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48. ^ a b c d e Jordan 2006, p. 258. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813. ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370. ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named after the shrine Kitano Tenmangū ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 50. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 39. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.  ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of Japan
Japan
or kunikyū class ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 8. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4004181[dead link]. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4049894. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 9. ^ Peterson, Rick. Noto Maru, Hell ship ^ Miramar Ship Index: Noto Maru, ID#4039723. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Tango Maru, ID#4009330. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 45. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#4035342. ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane 1931, Appendix, p. 3. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka Maru, ID#4030494. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Calcutta Maru, ID#4020373. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Dakar Maru, ID#4026933. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Durban Maru, ID#4026431. ^ Jordan 1931, p. 257 ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#4028453. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lima Maru, ID#4026947. ^ Sinking of Lisbon Maru; Miramar Ship Index: Lisbon Maru, ID#4027254. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lyons Maru, ID#4026949. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Korea Maru, ID#2161196. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Siberia Maru, ID #2117179. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48-49. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Toyama Maru, ID#4018180. ^ ShipHistory: Yoshida Maru, April 26, 1944; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yoshida Maru, ID#4048724. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Asuka". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on January 1, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka, ID#8913162. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Crystal Harmony (1990)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Crystal Harmony, ID#8806204. ^ https://theloadstar.co.uk/creation-ocean-network-express-will-turning-point-nyk-says-president/ ^ http://splash247.com/japans-big-three-lines-christen-new-merged-container-entity-ocean-network-express/ ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/automobiles/around-the-world-with-5500-cars.html ^ https://worldmaritimenews.com/archives/205927/nyk-starts-south-america-roro-service-from-port-everglades/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad NYK: fleet list ^ New Car Carrier Aries Leader Delivered ^ NYK- Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Joint Project: The World First Solar-Powered Ship Sails ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#5026499. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Astoria Maru, ID#5027572. ^ ShipPhotos, NYK: ship at Southampton, 2006; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Galaxy Leader, ID#9237307.[dead link] ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#6817194. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hikawa Maru, ID#7380590.

References[edit]

Chida, Momohei; Davies, Peter (1990). The Japanese Shipping
Shipping
and Shipbuilding Industries: A History of their Modern Growth. London: Athlone Press. ISBN 978-0-485-11271-9. OCLC 20799046.  Jordan, Roger (2006). The World's Merchant Fleets, 1939: The Particulars And Wartime Fates of 6,000 Ships. pp. 257–261.  Kizu, Shigetoshi (1984). A 100 Years' History of the Ships of Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Tokyo: NYK. ISBN 978-4-905551-20-1. OCLC 16781302.  Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1935). The Nomenclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet. Tokyo: NYK. OCLC 27933596.  Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. pp. 515–517.  Wray, William D (1984). Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: Business Strategy in the Japanese Shipping
Shipping
Industry. Harvard: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-57665-0. OCLC 10825248. 

Further reading[edit]

Cook, Richard; Oleniuk, Marcus (2007). Around the World in 40 Feet, Two Hundred Days in the Life of a 40 ft NYK Shipping
Shipping
Container. WordAsia Publishing. ISBN 978-988-97392-3-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nippon Yusen.

Company website (in English) Regional website for NYK Group in Europe (in English) NYK Group official history NYK Group vessels at The Ships List Menus c.1900 & others from various Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
oceanliners NY K Line
K Line
RORO

Image gallery[edit]

NYK Aphrodite

NYK Argus

NYK Meteor

NYK Fuji

NYK Venus

NYK Helios

NYK Leo

NYK Libra

NYK Orpheus

NYK Vega

NYK Vesta

Pleiades Leader

Castor Leader

Cetus Leader

Gentle Leader

Cepheus Leader

Eridanus Leader

Coral Leader

Cygnus Leader

Daedalus Leader

Glorious Express

Aries Leader

Pegasus Leader

Pyxis Leader

Victory Leader

Victory Leader

Volans Leader

v t e

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Group

Members of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Kinyokai are bolded.

Foods and beverages

Kirin Holdings

Pulp, papers and fibers

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Paper Mills Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Rayon

Construction

P.S. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Construction

Chemicals

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Chemical Holdings Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Chemical Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Gas Chemical Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Plastics Dai Nippon Toryo

Glass and ceramics

Asahi Glass

Petroleum and nuclear power

Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Group Nippon Oil Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Nuclear Fuel

Steel

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Steel Mfg

Non-ferrous metals

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Materials Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Aluminum Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Cable Industries

Machinery

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Kakoki Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries Toyo Engineering Works

Automobiles

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Fuso Truck and Bus

Electrical equipment

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Electric

Precision equipment

Nikon Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Precision

Trading

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation Astomos Energy Ryoshoku

Finance

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Financial Group The Bank of Tokyo- Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Securities Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Trust and Banking Corporation MUFG Union Bank Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Auto Leasing Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ NICOS Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Lease & Finance

Insurance

Tokio Marine
Tokio Marine
Holdings Tokio Marine
Tokio Marine
Nichido Meiji Yasuda Life

Real estate

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Estate

Transport and warehousing

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Logistics Nippon Yusen Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Ore Transport

Information and communication

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Research Institute Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Space Software IT Frontier

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Zaibatsu Iwasaki Yataro Iwasaki family Kyu-Iwasaki-tei Gardens

v t e

Nikkei 225
Nikkei 225
companies of Japan

7&i Advantest ÆON AGC Ajinomoto Alps ANA Amada Aozora Bank Asahi Breweries Asahi Kasei Astellas Bridgestone Canon Casio Chiba Bank Chiyoda Chuden Chugai Citizen Comsys Concordia Financial Credit Saison Dai-ichi Life Daiichi Sankyo Daikin Dainippon Screen Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Daiwa House Daiwa Securities Denka Denso Dentsu DNP Dowa Ebara Eisai Fanuc Fast Retailing Fuji Electric Fuji Heavy Industries Fujifilm Fujikura Fujitsu Fukuoka Financial Furukawa Co., Ltd. Furukawa Electric GS Yuasa Heiwa Real Estate Hino Hitachi Hitachi
Hitachi
Construction Machinery Hitz Hokuetsu Paper Honda IHI INPEX Isetan-Mitsukoshi Isuzu Itochu JFE J. Front Retailing JGC JR Central JR East JR West JSW JT JTEKT JXTG Kajima KEPCO Kao Kawasaki KDDI Keio Keisei Kikkoman Kirin K Line Kobelco Komatsu Konami Konica Minolta Kubota Kuraray Kyocera Kyowa Hakko Kirin Marubeni Maruha Nichiro Marui Matsui Securities Mazda Meidensha Meiji Holdings MES Minebea Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Chemical Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Electric Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Estate Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Logistics Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Materials Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Mitsui
Mitsui
& Co. Mitsui
Mitsui
Chemicals Mitsui
Mitsui
Fudosan Mitsui
Mitsui
Kinzoku Mitsumi Electric Mizuho MOL MS&AD MUFG NEC NEG NGK Nichirei Nikon Nippon Express Nippon Kayaku Nippon Light Metal Nippon Ham Nippon Paper Industries Nippon Soda Nippon Suisan Nissan Nissan Chemical Nisshin Seifun Nisshin Steel Nisshinbo Nittobo Nitto Denko Sompo Japan
Japan
Nipponkoa Holdings Nomura NSG NSK NSSMC NTN NTT NTT Data NTT DoCoMo NYK Obayashi Odakyu Oji Holdings Corporation OKI Okuma Olympus Osaka Gas Pacific Metals Panasonic Pioneer Resona Ricoh Sapporo Holdings Secom Sekisui House Sharp Shimz Shin-Etsu Shinsei Bank Shionogi Shiseido Shizuoka Bank Showa Denko Showa Shell SKY Perfect JSAT SoftBank Sojitz Sony Sony
Sony
Financial SUMCO Sumitomo Chemical Sumitomo Corporation Sumitomo Electric Sumitomo Heavy Industries Sumitomo Metal Mining Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Financial Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Trust Sumitomo Osaka Cement Sumitomo Realty Suzuki T&D Taiheiyo Cement Taisei Taiyo Yuden Takara Takashimaya Takeda TDK Teijin TEPCO Terumo Tobu Toho Toho
Toho
Zinc Tokai Carbon Tokuyama Corporation Toyo Seikan Tokio Marine Tokyo
Tokyo
Dome Tokyo
Tokyo
Electron Tokyo
Tokyo
Gas Tokyo
Tokyo
Tatemono Tokyu Tokyu Land Toppan Toray Toshiba Tosoh Toto Toyobo Toyota Toyota
Toyota
Tsusho Trend Micro Ube Unitika Uny Yahoo! Japan Yamaha Yamato Transport Yasakawa Yokogawa Electric Yokohama
Yokohama
Rubber

v t e

Container shipping companies

Current companies

Maersk MSC APL CMA CGM COSCO Evergreen Hapag-Lloyd OOCL Hamburg Süd Yang Ming NYK Line MOL Hyundai K Line Pacific International Lines Zim Wan Hai Textainer

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 165956761 ISNI: 0000 0001 2197 9981 GND: 5055922-9 SUDOC: 029636973 BNF: cb12122042f (data) NLA: 3572

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JP¥ 2,401 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 20.1 billion) (FY 2014)

Net income

JP¥ 47.5 billion(FY 2014) (US$ 395.8 million) (FY 2014)

Number of employees

33,520 (as of March 31, 2015)

Website Official website

Footnotes / references [1][2][3][4]

NY K Line
K Line
container

NYK Maritime Museum
NYK Maritime Museum
and NYK's Yokohama
Yokohama
branch

Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha (日本郵船株式会社, Nippon Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan
Japan
Mail Shipping
Shipping
Line or NYK Line)[1] is one of the oldest and largest shipping companies in the world. It is a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu. The company has its headquarters in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Japan
and a fleet of about 800 ships, that includes container ships, tankers, bulk and woodchip carriers, Ro-Ro car carriers, reefer vessels, LNG carrier
LNG carrier
and cruise ships.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1870-1900 1.2 1900-1950 1.3 Selected ships 1.4 1950-present 1.5 2016

2 Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division 3 Selected ships in post-war fleet 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links 9 Image gallery

History[edit] 1870-1900[edit] The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as the renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shokai, the company inaugurated Japan's first passenger liner service, with a route from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Shanghai; and in that same year, the company name was changed to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Mail Steamship Company. In 1885, a merger with Kyodo Unyu Kaisha (founded 1882) led to the adoption of the company's present name.[5] The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide, with a line service to London
London
being inaugurated in 1899.[5] 1900-1950[edit] The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked Kobe
Kobe
and Yokohama
Yokohama
with South America, Batavia, Melbourne, Cape Town; and frequent crossings to San Francisco
San Francisco
and Seattle. Other routes connected local Chinese cabotage vessels on the Chinese coasts and upper Yangtze. Ocean routes went east from Japan
Japan
to Vancouver
Vancouver
(Canada) or Seattle. Another way was to stop in Hawaii, and continue to San Francisco
San Francisco
and the Panama Canal. The next commercial routes were south from Japan, across the East China Sea. These went to South East Asia, the China coasts, and towards India and the Indian Ocean, to Europe or Batavia (Dutch Indies), or Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. The fastest services took ten days from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Seattle, and one month to Europe. Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe
Kobe
and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from Moji to Osaka and Yokohama. Karafuto
Karafuto
timber represented a third part of local trade. Soy bean
Soy bean
products from Dairen
Dairen
and Ryojun
Ryojun
arrived at Yokohama. The sugar cane of the South Pacific Mandate
South Pacific Mandate
and Formosa, cotton, salt and minerals represented other important parts of these transport transactions. In 1926 Toyo Kisen Line
Toyo Kisen Line
(TKK), with its fleet of nine ships, merged with NYK. The current funnel livery was introduced in 1929. The company also ran services connecting metropolitan Japan
Japan
to its exterior provinces (Chosen, Karafuto, Kwantung, Formosa and South Mandate) of the Empire. From 1924 all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships.[6] NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929 but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.[7] In World War II the NY K Line
K Line
provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific.[8] Before the war NYK had 36 passenger ships;[7] by the time of Japan's surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru, survived.[9] NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. SCAJAP requisitioned Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.[9] Selected ships[edit] The NYK fleet expanded in bursts, responding to changed economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.[10] Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise serial categories.[11] Some ships were named after Shinto
Shinto
shrines, and others were named after ancient provinces of Japan, cities of Japan, mountains of Japan
Japan
or islands of Japan. Some ships had explicitly non-Japanese names, such as ships named after cities. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Shinto
Shinto
shrines Chichibu Maru(1930).[12] Hie Maru (1930).[13][14] Heian Maru (1930).[13][15] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1930).[16] Kasuga Maru (1940).[13][17] Kitano Maru (1909).[18] Nitta Maru
Nitta Maru
(1939).[19] Tatsuta Maru
Tatsuta Maru
(1930).[13][20][21] Terukuni Maru (1930).[22] Yawata Maru
Yawata Maru
(1939)[23]

Provinces[24][25] Awa Maru (1899).[26][27] Awa Maru (1943).[28] Kaga Maru (19__).[29] Noto Maru (1934).[30][31] Tango Maru (1905).[13][32]

Mountains Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1929).[33][34] Maya Maru (1925).[35] Rokko Maru (1923).[35]

Cities Asuka Maru (1924).[36] Calcutta Maru (1917).[37] Dakar Maru (1920).[38] Durban Maru (1920).[39] Hakone Maru (1921)[40][41] Lima Maru (1920).[42] Lisbon Maru
Lisbon Maru
(1920).[43] Lyons Maru (1920).[44]

Miscellaneous Korea Maru (1901).[45] Kyushu Maru (1862).[11] Siberia Maru (1901).[46] Taiyo Maru
Taiyo Maru
(1911).[47] Toyama Maru (1915).[48] Yoshida Maru
Yoshida Maru
(1941).[49][50]

1950-present[edit]

Head office of NY K Line
K Line
(日本郵船) at Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

NYK Virgo

NYK vehicles carrier Galaxy Leader dockside at Bremerhaven in Germany (December 2006).

NYK vehicles carrier Rhea Leader

By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world. As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru on a route to California
California
in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports. NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States
United States
container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific. NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises. In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when MS Asuka entered service on the Japanese cruise market.[51][52] In 2006 Asuka was replaced by the much larger Asuka II, formerly Crystal Cruises' Crystal Harmony.[53][54] At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers, 78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about 55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27 countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK head office is based in Tokyo, and has regional headquarters in London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, and São Paulo. During the first decade of 2000s, NYK reached a remarkable position within the Liner ranking, as one of top twelve companies in the number of containers carried, number one RORO Carrier and one of the main player in LNG and break bulk transport fields, plus several awards for its cruise service quality. 2016[edit] On Monday, 31 October 2016, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Mitsui
Mitsui
OSK Lines and Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha agreed to merge their container shipping business via establishing a completely new joint venture company. The integration included their overseas terminal activities. The joint venture company operates under the name “Ocean Network Express”, with holding company offices in Tokyo, a global headquarter in Singapore and regional headquarters in United Kingdom (London), United States
United States
(Richmond, VA), Hong Kong, and Brazil (São Paulo).[55]The new company started its operations on 1st April 2018.[56] Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division[edit] NYK is also the world's largest Roll-on/roll-off
Roll-on/roll-off
ocean carrier. NYK's RORO fleet has a 660,000 car capacity which represents just over 17% of the global car transportation fleet capacity. Over 123 vessels are deployed worldwide transporting cars[57] manufactured in Japan, US, EU towards Asia, Middle East, North & South America[58], Australia, Africa and Europe. In addition to brand new cars, High and Heavy cargo (such as excavators, mobile cranes, new and used trucks and buses, trailers) and break bulk static pieces are carried all over the globe by NYK. Selected ships in post-war fleet[edit] The modern NYK fleet encompasses a variety of ship names.[11] Some names form series, as in those ships named after flowers, stars, star constellations, and provinces of pre-Meiji Japan. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Flowers ACX Cherry (1994)[59] ACX Hibiscus (1997)[59] ACX Jasmine (1996)[59] ACX Lily (1990)[59] ACX Magnolia (1998)[59] ACX Marguerite (1997)[59] ACX Salvia (1997)[59]

Stars NYK Altair (2010)[59] NYK Antares (1997)[59] NYK Canopus (1998)[59] NYK Deneb (2007)[59] NYK Rigel (2009)[59] NYK Sirius (1998)[59] NYK Vega
NYK Vega
(2006)[59]

Constellations Aries Leader (2014)[60] Auriga Leader
Auriga Leader
(2008)[61] Andromeda Leader (2007)[59] Apollon Leader (2007)[59] Cepheus Leader (2006) [59] NYK Leo (2002)[59] NYK Orion (2008)[59] NYK Pegasus (2003)[59] NYK Phoenix (2003)[59] NYK Virgo (2007)[59]

Provinces Iga Maru (1996)[59] Izu Maru (1997)[59] Izumo Maru (1997)[59] Kaga Maru (1988)[59] Sanuki Maru (1997)[59] Settsu Maru (1997)[59] Shima Maru (1997)[59]

Miscellaneous Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1954)[62] Astoria Maru (1952)[63] Galaxy Leader (2002)[64][65] Hakone Maru (1968)[66] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1974)[67] Zeus Leader (2009)[59]

Advertisement of Seattle, Washington sailings, March 1918

NYK vehicles carrier Apollon Leader

Procyon Leader

Pegasus Leader

The NYK liner Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
preserved at Naka-ku, Yokohama

Advertisement circa 1935

Advertisement circa 1930s

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Transport portal Nautical portal Companies portal Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner New Carissa Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner John Wilson

Notes[edit]

^ a b c "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Company Snapshot". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Financials". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ a b NYK: History. ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 516–517. ^ a b Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 515–516. ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history ^ a b Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter (1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here, since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead, the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899), Yamashiro Maru (1912) and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II and Yamashiro Maru III. ^ a b c ShipsList: NY K Line
K Line
fleet. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48. ^ a b c d e Jordan 2006, p. 258. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813. ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370. ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named after the shrine Kitano Tenmangū ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 50. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 39. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.  ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of Japan
Japan
or kunikyū class ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 8. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4004181[dead link]. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4049894. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 9. ^ Peterson, Rick. Noto Maru, Hell ship ^ Miramar Ship Index: Noto Maru, ID#4039723. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Tango Maru, ID#4009330. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 45. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#4035342. ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane 1931, Appendix, p. 3. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka Maru, ID#4030494. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Calcutta Maru, ID#4020373. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Dakar Maru, ID#4026933. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Durban Maru, ID#4026431. ^ Jordan 1931, p. 257 ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#4028453. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lima Maru, ID#4026947. ^ Sinking of Lisbon Maru; Miramar Ship Index: Lisbon Maru, ID#4027254. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lyons Maru, ID#4026949. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Korea Maru, ID#2161196. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Siberia Maru, ID #2117179. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48-49. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Toyama Maru, ID#4018180. ^ ShipHistory: Yoshida Maru, April 26, 1944; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yoshida Maru, ID#4048724. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Asuka". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on January 1, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka, ID#8913162. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Crystal Harmony (1990)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Crystal Harmony, ID#8806204. ^ https://theloadstar.co.uk/creation-ocean-network-express-will-turning-point-nyk-says-president/ ^ http://splash247.com/japans-big-three-lines-christen-new-merged-container-entity-ocean-network-express/ ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/automobiles/around-the-world-with-5500-cars.html ^ https://worldmaritimenews.com/archives/205927/nyk-starts-south-america-roro-service-from-port-everglades/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad NYK: fleet list ^ New Car Carrier Aries Leader Delivered ^ NYK- Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Joint Project: The World First Solar-Powered Ship Sails ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#5026499. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Astoria Maru, ID#5027572. ^ ShipPhotos, NYK: ship at Southampton, 2006; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Galaxy Leader, ID#9237307.[dead link] ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#6817194. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hikawa Maru, ID#7380590.

References[edit]

Chida, Momohei; Davies, Peter (1990). The Japanese Shipping
Shipping
and Shipbuilding Industries: A History of their Modern Growth. London: Athlone Press. ISBN 978-0-485-11271-9. OCLC 20799046.  Jordan, Roger (2006). The World's Merchant Fleets, 1939: The Particulars And Wartime Fates of 6,000 Ships. pp. 257–261.  Kizu, Shigetoshi (1984). A 100 Years' History of the Ships of Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Tokyo: NYK. ISBN 978-4-905551-20-1. OCLC 16781302.  Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1935). The Nomenclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet. Tokyo: NYK. OCLC 27933596.  Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. pp. 515–517.  Wray, William D (1984). Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: Business Strategy in the Japanese Shipping
Shipping
Industry. Harvard: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-57665-0. OCLC 10825248. 

Further reading[edit]

Cook, Richard; Oleniuk, Marcus (2007). Around the World in 40 Feet, Two Hundred Days in the Life of a 40 ft NYK Shipping
Shipping
Container. WordAsia Publishing. ISBN 978-988-97392-3-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nippon Yusen.

Company website (in English) Regional website for NYK Group in Europe (in English) NYK Group official history NYK Group vessels at The Ships List Menus c.1900 & others from various Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
oceanliners NY K Line
K Line
RORO

Image gallery[edit]

NYK Aphrodite

NYK Argus

NYK Meteor

NYK Fuji

NYK Venus

NYK Helios

NYK Leo

NYK Libra

NYK Orpheus

NYK Vega

NYK Vesta

Pleiades Leader

Castor Leader

Cetus Leader

Gentle Leader

Cepheus Leader

Eridanus Leader

Coral Leader

Cygnus Leader

Daedalus Leader

Glorious Express

Aries Leader

Pegasus Leader

Pyxis Leader

Victory Leader

Victory Leader

Volans Leader

v t e

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Group

Members of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Kinyokai are bolded.

Foods and beverages

Kirin Holdings

Pulp, papers and fibers

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Paper Mills Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Rayon

Construction

P.S. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Construction

Chemicals

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Chemical Holdings Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Chemical Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Gas Chemical Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Plastics Dai Nippon Toryo

Glass and ceramics

Asahi Glass

Petroleum and nuclear power

Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Group Nippon Oil Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Nuclear Fuel

Steel

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Steel Mfg

Non-ferrous metals

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Materials Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Aluminum Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Cable Industries

Machinery

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Kakoki Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries Toyo Engineering Works

Automobiles

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Fuso Truck and Bus

Electrical equipment

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Electric

Precision equipment

Nikon Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Precision

Trading

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation Astomos Energy Ryoshoku

Finance

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Financial Group The Bank of Tokyo- Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Securities Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Trust and Banking Corporation MUFG Union Bank Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Auto Leasing Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ NICOS Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Lease & Finance

Insurance

Tokio Marine
Tokio Marine
Holdings Tokio Marine
Tokio Marine
Nichido Meiji Yasuda Life

Real estate

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Estate

Transport and warehousing

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Logistics Nippon Yusen Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Ore Transport

Information and communication

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Research Institute Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Space Software IT Frontier

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Zaibatsu Iwasaki Yataro Iwasaki family Kyu-Iwasaki-tei Gardens

v t e

Nikkei 225
Nikkei 225
companies of Japan

7&i Advantest ÆON AGC Ajinomoto Alps ANA Amada Aozora Bank Asahi Breweries Asahi Kasei Astellas Bridgestone Canon Casio Chiba Bank Chiyoda Chuden Chugai Citizen Comsys Concordia Financial Credit Saison Dai-ichi Life Daiichi Sankyo Daikin Dainippon Screen Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Daiwa House Daiwa Securities Denka Denso Dentsu DNP Dowa Ebara Eisai Fanuc Fast Retailing Fuji Electric Fuji Heavy Industries Fujifilm Fujikura Fujitsu Fukuoka Financial Furukawa Co., Ltd. Furukawa Electric GS Yuasa Heiwa Real Estate Hino Hitachi Hitachi
Hitachi
Construction Machinery Hitz Hokuetsu Paper Honda IHI INPEX Isetan-Mitsukoshi Isuzu Itochu JFE J. Front Retailing JGC JR Central JR East JR West JSW JT JTEKT JXTG Kajima KEPCO Kao Kawasaki KDDI Keio Keisei Kikkoman Kirin K Line Kobelco Komatsu Konami Konica Minolta Kubota Kuraray Kyocera Kyowa Hakko Kirin Marubeni Maruha Nichiro Marui Matsui Securities Mazda Meidensha Meiji Holdings MES Minebea Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Chemical Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation Mitsubishi
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Mitsubishi
Estate Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
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Mitsubishi
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Mitsubishi
Motors Mitsui
Mitsui
& Co. Mitsui
Mitsui
Chemicals Mitsui
Mitsui
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Mitsui
Kinzoku Mitsumi Electric Mizuho MOL MS&AD MUFG NEC NEG NGK Nichirei Nikon Nippon Express Nippon Kayaku Nippon Light Metal Nippon Ham Nippon Paper Industries Nippon Soda Nippon Suisan Nissan Nissan Chemical Nisshin Seifun Nisshin Steel Nisshinbo Nittobo Nitto Denko Sompo Japan
Japan
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Sony
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Mitsui
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Toho
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Current companies

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 165956761 ISNI: 0000 0001 2197 9981 GND: 5055922-9 SUDOC: 029636973 BNF: cb12122042f (data) NLA: 3572

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JP¥ 2,401 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 20.1 billion) (FY 2014)

Net income

JP¥ 47.5 billion(FY 2014) (US$ 395.8 million) (FY 2014)

Number of employees

33,520 (as of March 31, 2015)

Website Official website

Footnotes / references [1][2][3][4]

NY K Line
K Line
container

NYK Maritime Museum
NYK Maritime Museum
and NYK's Yokohama
Yokohama
branch

Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha (日本郵船株式会社, Nippon Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan
Japan
Mail Shipping
Shipping
Line or NYK Line)[1] is one of the oldest and largest shipping companies in the world. It is a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu. The company has its headquarters in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Japan
and a fleet of about 800 ships, that includes container ships, tankers, bulk and woodchip carriers, Ro-Ro car carriers, reefer vessels, LNG carrier
LNG carrier
and cruise ships.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1870-1900 1.2 1900-1950 1.3 Selected ships 1.4 1950-present 1.5 2016

2 Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division 3 Selected ships in post-war fleet 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links 9 Image gallery

History[edit] 1870-1900[edit] The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as the renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shokai, the company inaugurated Japan's first passenger liner service, with a route from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Shanghai; and in that same year, the company name was changed to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Mail Steamship Company. In 1885, a merger with Kyodo Unyu Kaisha (founded 1882) led to the adoption of the company's present name.[5] The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide, with a line service to London
London
being inaugurated in 1899.[5] 1900-1950[edit] The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked Kobe
Kobe
and Yokohama
Yokohama
with South America, Batavia, Melbourne, Cape Town; and frequent crossings to San Francisco
San Francisco
and Seattle. Other routes connected local Chinese cabotage vessels on the Chinese coasts and upper Yangtze. Ocean routes went east from Japan
Japan
to Vancouver
Vancouver
(Canada) or Seattle. Another way was to stop in Hawaii, and continue to San Francisco
San Francisco
and the Panama Canal. The next commercial routes were south from Japan, across the East China Sea. These went to South East Asia, the China coasts, and towards India and the Indian Ocean, to Europe or Batavia (Dutch Indies), or Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. The fastest services took ten days from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Seattle, and one month to Europe. Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe
Kobe
and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from Moji to Osaka and Yokohama. Karafuto
Karafuto
timber represented a third part of local trade. Soy bean
Soy bean
products from Dairen
Dairen
and Ryojun
Ryojun
arrived at Yokohama. The sugar cane of the South Pacific Mandate
South Pacific Mandate
and Formosa, cotton, salt and minerals represented other important parts of these transport transactions. In 1926 Toyo Kisen Line
Toyo Kisen Line
(TKK), with its fleet of nine ships, merged with NYK. The current funnel livery was introduced in 1929. The company also ran services connecting metropolitan Japan
Japan
to its exterior provinces (Chosen, Karafuto, Kwantung, Formosa and South Mandate) of the Empire. From 1924 all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships.[6] NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929 but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.[7] In World War II the NY K Line
K Line
provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific.[8] Before the war NYK had 36 passenger ships;[7] by the time of Japan's surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru, survived.[9] NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. SCAJAP requisitioned Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.[9] Selected ships[edit] The NYK fleet expanded in bursts, responding to changed economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.[10] Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise serial categories.[11] Some ships were named after Shinto
Shinto
shrines, and others were named after ancient provinces of Japan, cities of Japan, mountains of Japan
Japan
or islands of Japan. Some ships had explicitly non-Japanese names, such as ships named after cities. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Shinto
Shinto
shrines Chichibu Maru(1930).[12] Hie Maru (1930).[13][14] Heian Maru (1930).[13][15] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1930).[16] Kasuga Maru (1940).[13][17] Kitano Maru (1909).[18] Nitta Maru
Nitta Maru
(1939).[19] Tatsuta Maru
Tatsuta Maru
(1930).[13][20][21] Terukuni Maru (1930).[22] Yawata Maru
Yawata Maru
(1939)[23]

Provinces[24][25] Awa Maru (1899).[26][27] Awa Maru (1943).[28] Kaga Maru (19__).[29] Noto Maru (1934).[30][31] Tango Maru (1905).[13][32]

Mountains Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1929).[33][34] Maya Maru (1925).[35] Rokko Maru (1923).[35]

Cities Asuka Maru (1924).[36] Calcutta Maru (1917).[37] Dakar Maru (1920).[38] Durban Maru (1920).[39] Hakone Maru (1921)[40][41] Lima Maru (1920).[42] Lisbon Maru
Lisbon Maru
(1920).[43] Lyons Maru (1920).[44]

Miscellaneous Korea Maru (1901).[45] Kyushu Maru (1862).[11] Siberia Maru (1901).[46] Taiyo Maru
Taiyo Maru
(1911).[47] Toyama Maru (1915).[48] Yoshida Maru
Yoshida Maru
(1941).[49][50]

1950-present[edit]

Head office of NY K Line
K Line
(日本郵船) at Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

NYK Virgo

NYK vehicles carrier Galaxy Leader dockside at Bremerhaven in Germany (December 2006).

NYK vehicles carrier Rhea Leader

By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world. As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru on a route to California
California
in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports. NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States
United States
container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific. NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises. In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when MS Asuka entered service on the Japanese cruise market.[51][52] In 2006 Asuka was replaced by the much larger Asuka II, formerly Crystal Cruises' Crystal Harmony.[53][54] At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers, 78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about 55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27 countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK head office is based in Tokyo, and has regional headquarters in London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, and São Paulo. During the first decade of 2000s, NYK reached a remarkable position within the Liner ranking, as one of top twelve companies in the number of containers carried, number one RORO Carrier and one of the main player in LNG and break bulk transport fields, plus several awards for its cruise service quality. 2016[edit] On Monday, 31 October 2016, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Mitsui
Mitsui
OSK Lines and Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha agreed to merge their container shipping business via establishing a completely new joint venture company. The integration included their overseas terminal activities. The joint venture company operates under the name “Ocean Network Express”, with holding company offices in Tokyo, a global headquarter in Singapore and regional headquarters in United Kingdom (London), United States
United States
(Richmond, VA), Hong Kong, and Brazil (São Paulo).[55]The new company started its operations on 1st April 2018.[56] Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division[edit] NYK is also the world's largest Roll-on/roll-off
Roll-on/roll-off
ocean carrier. NYK's RORO fleet has a 660,000 car capacity which represents just over 17% of the global car transportation fleet capacity. Over 123 vessels are deployed worldwide transporting cars[57] manufactured in Japan, US, EU towards Asia, Middle East, North & South America[58], Australia, Africa and Europe. In addition to brand new cars, High and Heavy cargo (such as excavators, mobile cranes, new and used trucks and buses, trailers) and break bulk static pieces are carried all over the globe by NYK. Selected ships in post-war fleet[edit] The modern NYK fleet encompasses a variety of ship names.[11] Some names form series, as in those ships named after flowers, stars, star constellations, and provinces of pre-Meiji Japan. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Flowers ACX Cherry (1994)[59] ACX Hibiscus (1997)[59] ACX Jasmine (1996)[59] ACX Lily (1990)[59] ACX Magnolia (1998)[59] ACX Marguerite (1997)[59] ACX Salvia (1997)[59]

Stars NYK Altair (2010)[59] NYK Antares (1997)[59] NYK Canopus (1998)[59] NYK Deneb (2007)[59] NYK Rigel (2009)[59] NYK Sirius (1998)[59] NYK Vega
NYK Vega
(2006)[59]

Constellations Aries Leader (2014)[60] Auriga Leader
Auriga Leader
(2008)[61] Andromeda Leader (2007)[59] Apollon Leader (2007)[59] Cepheus Leader (2006) [59] NYK Leo (2002)[59] NYK Orion (2008)[59] NYK Pegasus (2003)[59] NYK Phoenix (2003)[59] NYK Virgo (2007)[59]

Provinces Iga Maru (1996)[59] Izu Maru (1997)[59] Izumo Maru (1997)[59] Kaga Maru (1988)[59] Sanuki Maru (1997)[59] Settsu Maru (1997)[59] Shima Maru (1997)[59]

Miscellaneous Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1954)[62] Astoria Maru (1952)[63] Galaxy Leader (2002)[64][65] Hakone Maru (1968)[66] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1974)[67] Zeus Leader (2009)[59]

Advertisement of Seattle, Washington sailings, March 1918

NYK vehicles carrier Apollon Leader

Procyon Leader

Pegasus Leader

The NYK liner Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
preserved at Naka-ku, Yokohama

Advertisement circa 1935

Advertisement circa 1930s

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Transport portal Nautical portal Companies portal Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner New Carissa Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner John Wilson

Notes[edit]

^ a b c "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Company Snapshot". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Financials". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ a b NYK: History. ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 516–517. ^ a b Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 515–516. ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history ^ a b Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter (1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here, since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead, the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899), Yamashiro Maru (1912) and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II and Yamashiro Maru III. ^ a b c ShipsList: NY K Line
K Line
fleet. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48. ^ a b c d e Jordan 2006, p. 258. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813. ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370. ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named after the shrine Kitano Tenmangū ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 50. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 39. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.  ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of Japan
Japan
or kunikyū class ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 8. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4004181[dead link]. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4049894. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 9. ^ Peterson, Rick. Noto Maru, Hell ship ^ Miramar Ship Index: Noto Maru, ID#4039723. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Tango Maru, ID#4009330. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 45. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#4035342. ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane 1931, Appendix, p. 3. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka Maru, ID#4030494. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Calcutta Maru, ID#4020373. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Dakar Maru, ID#4026933. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Durban Maru, ID#4026431. ^ Jordan 1931, p. 257 ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#4028453. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lima Maru, ID#4026947. ^ Sinking of Lisbon Maru; Miramar Ship Index: Lisbon Maru, ID#4027254. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lyons Maru, ID#4026949. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Korea Maru, ID#2161196. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Siberia Maru, ID #2117179. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48-49. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Toyama Maru, ID#4018180. ^ ShipHistory: Yoshida Maru, April 26, 1944; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yoshida Maru, ID#4048724. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Asuka". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on January 1, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka, ID#8913162. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Crystal Harmony (1990)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Crystal Harmony, ID#8806204. ^ https://theloadstar.co.uk/creation-ocean-network-express-will-turning-point-nyk-says-president/ ^ http://splash247.com/japans-big-three-lines-christen-new-merged-container-entity-ocean-network-express/ ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/automobiles/around-the-world-with-5500-cars.html ^ https://worldmaritimenews.com/archives/205927/nyk-starts-south-america-roro-service-from-port-everglades/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad NYK: fleet list ^ New Car Carrier Aries Leader Delivered ^ NYK- Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Joint Project: The World First Solar-Powered Ship Sails ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#5026499. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Astoria Maru, ID#5027572. ^ ShipPhotos, NYK: ship at Southampton, 2006; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Galaxy Leader, ID#9237307.[dead link] ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#6817194. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hikawa Maru, ID#7380590.

References[edit]

Chida, Momohei; Davies, Peter (1990). The Japanese Shipping
Shipping
and Shipbuilding Industries: A History of their Modern Growth. London: Athlone Press. ISBN 978-0-485-11271-9. OCLC 20799046.  Jordan, Roger (2006). The World's Merchant Fleets, 1939: The Particulars And Wartime Fates of 6,000 Ships. pp. 257–261.  Kizu, Shigetoshi (1984). A 100 Years' History of the Ships of Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Tokyo: NYK. ISBN 978-4-905551-20-1. OCLC 16781302.  Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1935). The Nomenclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet. Tokyo: NYK. OCLC 27933596.  Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. pp. 515–517.  Wray, William D (1984). Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: Business Strategy in the Japanese Shipping
Shipping
Industry. Harvard: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-57665-0. OCLC 10825248. 

Further reading[edit]

Cook, Richard; Oleniuk, Marcus (2007). Around the World in 40 Feet, Two Hundred Days in the Life of a 40 ft NYK Shipping
Shipping
Container. WordAsia Publishing. ISBN 978-988-97392-3-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nippon Yusen.

Company website (in English) Regional website for NYK Group in Europe (in English) NYK Group official history NYK Group vessels at The Ships List Menus c.1900 & others from various Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
oceanliners NY K Line
K Line
RORO

Image gallery[edit]

NYK Aphrodite

NYK Argus

NYK Meteor

NYK Fuji

NYK Venus

NYK Helios

NYK Leo

NYK Libra

NYK Orpheus

NYK Vega

NYK Vesta

Pleiades Leader

Castor Leader

Cetus Leader

Gentle Leader

Cepheus Leader

Eridanus Leader

Coral Leader

Cygnus Leader

Daedalus Leader

Glorious Express

Aries Leader

Pegasus Leader

Pyxis Leader

Victory Leader

Victory Leader

Volans Leader

v t e

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Group

Members of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Kinyokai are bolded.

Foods and beverages

Kirin Holdings

Pulp, papers and fibers

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Paper Mills Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Rayon

Construction

P.S. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Construction

Chemicals

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Chemical Holdings Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
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Mitsubishi
Gas Chemical Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Plastics Dai Nippon Toryo

Glass and ceramics

Asahi Glass

Petroleum and nuclear power

Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Group Nippon Oil Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Nuclear Fuel

Steel

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Steel Mfg

Non-ferrous metals

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Materials Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Aluminum Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Cable Industries

Machinery

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Kakoki Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Heavy Industries Toyo Engineering Works

Automobiles

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Motors Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Fuso Truck and Bus

Electrical equipment

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Electric

Precision equipment

Nikon Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Precision

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Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Corporation Astomos Energy Ryoshoku

Finance

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Financial Group The Bank of Tokyo- Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
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Mitsubishi
UFJ Trust and Banking Corporation MUFG Union Bank Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Auto Leasing Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ NICOS Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
UFJ Lease & Finance

Insurance

Tokio Marine
Tokio Marine
Holdings Tokio Marine
Tokio Marine
Nichido Meiji Yasuda Life

Real estate

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Estate

Transport and warehousing

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Logistics Nippon Yusen Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Ore Transport

Information and communication

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Research Institute Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Space Software IT Frontier

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Zaibatsu Iwasaki Yataro Iwasaki family Kyu-Iwasaki-tei Gardens

v t e

Nikkei 225
Nikkei 225
companies of Japan

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Hitachi
Construction Machinery Hitz Hokuetsu Paper Honda IHI INPEX Isetan-Mitsukoshi Isuzu Itochu JFE J. Front Retailing JGC JR Central JR East JR West JSW JT JTEKT JXTG Kajima KEPCO Kao Kawasaki KDDI Keio Keisei Kikkoman Kirin K Line Kobelco Komatsu Konami Konica Minolta Kubota Kuraray Kyocera Kyowa Hakko Kirin Marubeni Maruha Nichiro Marui Matsui Securities Mazda Meidensha Meiji Holdings MES Minebea Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
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& Co. Mitsui
Mitsui
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Mitsui
Kinzoku Mitsumi Electric Mizuho MOL MS&AD MUFG NEC NEG NGK Nichirei Nikon Nippon Express Nippon Kayaku Nippon Light Metal Nippon Ham Nippon Paper Industries Nippon Soda Nippon Suisan Nissan Nissan Chemical Nisshin Seifun Nisshin Steel Nisshinbo Nittobo Nitto Denko Sompo Japan
Japan
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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 165956761 ISNI: 0000 0001 2197 9981 GND: 5055922-9 SUDOC: 029636973 BNF: cb12122042f (data) NLA: 3572

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JP¥ 2,401 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 20.1 billion) (FY 2014)

Net income

JP¥ 47.5 billion(FY 2014) (US$ 395.8 million) (FY 2014)

Number of employees

33,520 (as of March 31, 2015)

Website Official website

Footnotes / references [1][2][3][4]

NY K Line
K Line
container

NYK Maritime Museum
NYK Maritime Museum
and NYK's Yokohama
Yokohama
branch

Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha (日本郵船株式会社, Nippon Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan
Japan
Mail Shipping
Shipping
Line or NYK Line)[1] is one of the oldest and largest shipping companies in the world. It is a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu. The company has its headquarters in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Japan
and a fleet of about 800 ships, that includes container ships, tankers, bulk and woodchip carriers, Ro-Ro car carriers, reefer vessels, LNG carrier
LNG carrier
and cruise ships.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1870-1900 1.2 1900-1950 1.3 Selected ships 1.4 1950-present 1.5 2016

2 Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division 3 Selected ships in post-war fleet 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links 9 Image gallery

History[edit] 1870-1900[edit] The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as the renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shokai, the company inaugurated Japan's first passenger liner service, with a route from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Shanghai; and in that same year, the company name was changed to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Mail Steamship Company. In 1885, a merger with Kyodo Unyu Kaisha (founded 1882) led to the adoption of the company's present name.[5] The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide, with a line service to London
London
being inaugurated in 1899.[5] 1900-1950[edit] The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked Kobe
Kobe
and Yokohama
Yokohama
with South America, Batavia, Melbourne, Cape Town; and frequent crossings to San Francisco
San Francisco
and Seattle. Other routes connected local Chinese cabotage vessels on the Chinese coasts and upper Yangtze. Ocean routes went east from Japan
Japan
to Vancouver
Vancouver
(Canada) or Seattle. Another way was to stop in Hawaii, and continue to San Francisco
San Francisco
and the Panama Canal. The next commercial routes were south from Japan, across the East China Sea. These went to South East Asia, the China coasts, and towards India and the Indian Ocean, to Europe or Batavia (Dutch Indies), or Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. The fastest services took ten days from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Seattle, and one month to Europe. Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe
Kobe
and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from Moji to Osaka and Yokohama. Karafuto
Karafuto
timber represented a third part of local trade. Soy bean
Soy bean
products from Dairen
Dairen
and Ryojun
Ryojun
arrived at Yokohama. The sugar cane of the South Pacific Mandate
South Pacific Mandate
and Formosa, cotton, salt and minerals represented other important parts of these transport transactions. In 1926 Toyo Kisen Line
Toyo Kisen Line
(TKK), with its fleet of nine ships, merged with NYK. The current funnel livery was introduced in 1929. The company also ran services connecting metropolitan Japan
Japan
to its exterior provinces (Chosen, Karafuto, Kwantung, Formosa and South Mandate) of the Empire. From 1924 all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships.[6] NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929 but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.[7] In World War II the NY K Line
K Line
provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific.[8] Before the war NYK had 36 passenger ships;[7] by the time of Japan's surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru, survived.[9] NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. SCAJAP requisitioned Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.[9] Selected ships[edit] The NYK fleet expanded in bursts, responding to changed economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.[10] Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise serial categories.[11] Some ships were named after Shinto
Shinto
shrines, and others were named after ancient provinces of Japan, cities of Japan, mountains of Japan
Japan
or islands of Japan. Some ships had explicitly non-Japanese names, such as ships named after cities. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Shinto
Shinto
shrines Chichibu Maru(1930).[12] Hie Maru (1930).[13][14] Heian Maru (1930).[13][15] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1930).[16] Kasuga Maru (1940).[13][17] Kitano Maru (1909).[18] Nitta Maru
Nitta Maru
(1939).[19] Tatsuta Maru
Tatsuta Maru
(1930).[13][20][21] Terukuni Maru (1930).[22] Yawata Maru
Yawata Maru
(1939)[23]

Provinces[24][25] Awa Maru (1899).[26][27] Awa Maru (1943).[28] Kaga Maru (19__).[29] Noto Maru (1934).[30][31] Tango Maru (1905).[13][32]

Mountains Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1929).[33][34] Maya Maru (1925).[35] Rokko Maru (1923).[35]

Cities Asuka Maru (1924).[36] Calcutta Maru (1917).[37] Dakar Maru (1920).[38] Durban Maru (1920).[39] Hakone Maru (1921)[40][41] Lima Maru (1920).[42] Lisbon Maru
Lisbon Maru
(1920).[43] Lyons Maru (1920).[44]

Miscellaneous Korea Maru (1901).[45] Kyushu Maru (1862).[11] Siberia Maru (1901).[46] Taiyo Maru
Taiyo Maru
(1911).[47] Toyama Maru (1915).[48] Yoshida Maru
Yoshida Maru
(1941).[49][50]

1950-present[edit]

Head office of NY K Line
K Line
(日本郵船) at Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

NYK Virgo

NYK vehicles carrier Galaxy Leader dockside at Bremerhaven in Germany (December 2006).

NYK vehicles carrier Rhea Leader

By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world. As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru on a route to California
California
in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports. NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States
United States
container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific. NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises. In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when MS Asuka entered service on the Japanese cruise market.[51][52] In 2006 Asuka was replaced by the much larger Asuka II, formerly Crystal Cruises' Crystal Harmony.[53][54] At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers, 78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about 55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27 countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK head office is based in Tokyo, and has regional headquarters in London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, and São Paulo. During the first decade of 2000s, NYK reached a remarkable position within the Liner ranking, as one of top twelve companies in the number of containers carried, number one RORO Carrier and one of the main player in LNG and break bulk transport fields, plus several awards for its cruise service quality. 2016[edit] On Monday, 31 October 2016, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Mitsui
Mitsui
OSK Lines and Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha agreed to merge their container shipping business via establishing a completely new joint venture company. The integration included their overseas terminal activities. The joint venture company operates under the name “Ocean Network Express”, with holding company offices in Tokyo, a global headquarter in Singapore and regional headquarters in United Kingdom (London), United States
United States
(Richmond, VA), Hong Kong, and Brazil (São Paulo).[55]The new company started its operations on 1st April 2018.[56] Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division[edit] NYK is also the world's largest Roll-on/roll-off
Roll-on/roll-off
ocean carrier. NYK's RORO fleet has a 660,000 car capacity which represents just over 17% of the global car transportation fleet capacity. Over 123 vessels are deployed worldwide transporting cars[57] manufactured in Japan, US, EU towards Asia, Middle East, North & South America[58], Australia, Africa and Europe. In addition to brand new cars, High and Heavy cargo (such as excavators, mobile cranes, new and used trucks and buses, trailers) and break bulk static pieces are carried all over the globe by NYK. Selected ships in post-war fleet[edit] The modern NYK fleet encompasses a variety of ship names.[11] Some names form series, as in those ships named after flowers, stars, star constellations, and provinces of pre-Meiji Japan. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Flowers ACX Cherry (1994)[59] ACX Hibiscus (1997)[59] ACX Jasmine (1996)[59] ACX Lily (1990)[59] ACX Magnolia (1998)[59] ACX Marguerite (1997)[59] ACX Salvia (1997)[59]

Stars NYK Altair (2010)[59] NYK Antares (1997)[59] NYK Canopus (1998)[59] NYK Deneb (2007)[59] NYK Rigel (2009)[59] NYK Sirius (1998)[59] NYK Vega
NYK Vega
(2006)[59]

Constellations Aries Leader (2014)[60] Auriga Leader
Auriga Leader
(2008)[61] Andromeda Leader (2007)[59] Apollon Leader (2007)[59] Cepheus Leader (2006) [59] NYK Leo (2002)[59] NYK Orion (2008)[59] NYK Pegasus (2003)[59] NYK Phoenix (2003)[59] NYK Virgo (2007)[59]

Provinces Iga Maru (1996)[59] Izu Maru (1997)[59] Izumo Maru (1997)[59] Kaga Maru (1988)[59] Sanuki Maru (1997)[59] Settsu Maru (1997)[59] Shima Maru (1997)[59]

Miscellaneous Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1954)[62] Astoria Maru (1952)[63] Galaxy Leader (2002)[64][65] Hakone Maru (1968)[66] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1974)[67] Zeus Leader (2009)[59]

Advertisement of Seattle, Washington sailings, March 1918

NYK vehicles carrier Apollon Leader

Procyon Leader

Pegasus Leader

The NYK liner Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
preserved at Naka-ku, Yokohama

Advertisement circa 1935

Advertisement circa 1930s

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Transport portal Nautical portal Companies portal Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner New Carissa Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner John Wilson

Notes[edit]

^ a b c "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Company Snapshot". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Financials". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ a b NYK: History. ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 516–517. ^ a b Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 515–516. ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history ^ a b Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter (1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here, since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead, the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899), Yamashiro Maru (1912) and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II and Yamashiro Maru III. ^ a b c ShipsList: NY K Line
K Line
fleet. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48. ^ a b c d e Jordan 2006, p. 258. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813. ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370. ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named after the shrine Kitano Tenmangū ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 50. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 39. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.  ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of Japan
Japan
or kunikyū class ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 8. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4004181[dead link]. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4049894. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 9. ^ Peterson, Rick. Noto Maru, Hell ship ^ Miramar Ship Index: Noto Maru, ID#4039723. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Tango Maru, ID#4009330. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 45. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#4035342. ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane 1931, Appendix, p. 3. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka Maru, ID#4030494. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Calcutta Maru, ID#4020373. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Dakar Maru, ID#4026933. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Durban Maru, ID#4026431. ^ Jordan 1931, p. 257 ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#4028453. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lima Maru, ID#4026947. ^ Sinking of Lisbon Maru; Miramar Ship Index: Lisbon Maru, ID#4027254. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lyons Maru, ID#4026949. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Korea Maru, ID#2161196. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Siberia Maru, ID #2117179. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48-49. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Toyama Maru, ID#4018180. ^ ShipHistory: Yoshida Maru, April 26, 1944; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yoshida Maru, ID#4048724. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Asuka". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on January 1, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka, ID#8913162. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Crystal Harmony (1990)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Crystal Harmony, ID#8806204. ^ https://theloadstar.co.uk/creation-ocean-network-express-will-turning-point-nyk-says-president/ ^ http://splash247.com/japans-big-three-lines-christen-new-merged-container-entity-ocean-network-express/ ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/automobiles/around-the-world-with-5500-cars.html ^ https://worldmaritimenews.com/archives/205927/nyk-starts-south-america-roro-service-from-port-everglades/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad NYK: fleet list ^ New Car Carrier Aries Leader Delivered ^ NYK- Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Joint Project: The World First Solar-Powered Ship Sails ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#5026499. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Astoria Maru, ID#5027572. ^ ShipPhotos, NYK: ship at Southampton, 2006; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Galaxy Leader, ID#9237307.[dead link] ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#6817194. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hikawa Maru, ID#7380590.

References[edit]

Chida, Momohei; Davies, Peter (1990). The Japanese Shipping
Shipping
and Shipbuilding Industries: A History of their Modern Growth. London: Athlone Press. ISBN 978-0-485-11271-9. OCLC 20799046.  Jordan, Roger (2006). The World's Merchant Fleets, 1939: The Particulars And Wartime Fates of 6,000 Ships. pp. 257–261.  Kizu, Shigetoshi (1984). A 100 Years' History of the Ships of Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Tokyo: NYK. ISBN 978-4-905551-20-1. OCLC 16781302.  Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1935). The Nomenclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet. Tokyo: NYK. OCLC 27933596.  Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. pp. 515–517.  Wray, William D (1984). Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: Business Strategy in the Japanese Shipping
Shipping
Industry. Harvard: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-57665-0. OCLC 10825248. 

Further reading[edit]

Cook, Richard; Oleniuk, Marcus (2007). Around the World in 40 Feet, Two Hundred Days in the Life of a 40 ft NYK Shipping
Shipping
Container. WordAsia Publishing. ISBN 978-988-97392-3-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nippon Yusen.

Company website (in English) Regional website for NYK Group in Europe (in English) NYK Group official history NYK Group vessels at The Ships List Menus c.1900 & others from various Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
oceanliners NY K Line
K Line
RORO

Image gallery[edit]

NYK Aphrodite

NYK Argus

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NYK Leo

NYK Libra

NYK Orpheus

NYK Vega

NYK Vesta

Pleiades Leader

Castor Leader

Cetus Leader

Gentle Leader

Cepheus Leader

Eridanus Leader

Coral Leader

Cygnus Leader

Daedalus Leader

Glorious Express

Aries Leader

Pegasus Leader

Pyxis Leader

Victory Leader

Victory Leader

Volans Leader

v t e

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Group

Members of Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Kinyokai are bolded.

Foods and beverages

Kirin Holdings

Pulp, papers and fibers

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Paper Mills Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Rayon

Construction

P.S. Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Construction

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Mitsubishi
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Mitsubishi
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Mitsubishi
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Mitsubishi
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Asahi Glass

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Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
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Mitsubishi
Nuclear Fuel

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Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Steel Mfg

Non-ferrous metals

Mitsubishi
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Heavy Industries Toyo Engineering Works

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Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
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Mitsubishi
Corporation Astomos Energy Ryoshoku

Finance

Mitsubishi
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UFJ Trust and Banking Corporation MUFG Union Bank Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Auto Leasing Mitsubishi
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Mitsubishi
UFJ Lease & Finance

Insurance

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Tokio Marine
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Tokio Marine
Nichido Meiji Yasuda Life

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Mitsubishi
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Estate

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Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Logistics Nippon Yusen Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Ore Transport

Information and communication

Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
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Mitsubishi
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Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
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v t e

Nikkei 225
Nikkei 225
companies of Japan

7&i Advantest ÆON AGC Ajinomoto Alps ANA Amada Aozora Bank Asahi Breweries Asahi Kasei Astellas Bridgestone Canon Casio Chiba Bank Chiyoda Chuden Chugai Citizen Comsys Concordia Financial Credit Saison Dai-ichi Life Daiichi Sankyo Daikin Dainippon Screen Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma Daiwa House Daiwa Securities Denka Denso Dentsu DNP Dowa Ebara Eisai Fanuc Fast Retailing Fuji Electric Fuji Heavy Industries Fujifilm Fujikura Fujitsu Fukuoka Financial Furukawa Co., Ltd. Furukawa Electric GS Yuasa Heiwa Real Estate Hino Hitachi Hitachi
Hitachi
Construction Machinery Hitz Hokuetsu Paper Honda IHI INPEX Isetan-Mitsukoshi Isuzu Itochu JFE J. Front Retailing JGC JR Central JR East JR West JSW JT JTEKT JXTG Kajima KEPCO Kao Kawasaki KDDI Keio Keisei Kikkoman Kirin K Line Kobelco Komatsu Konami Konica Minolta Kubota Kuraray Kyocera Kyowa Hakko Kirin Marubeni Maruha Nichiro Marui Matsui Securities Mazda Meidensha Meiji Holdings MES Minebea Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Chemical Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
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Motors Mitsui
Mitsui
& Co. Mitsui
Mitsui
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Mitsui
Kinzoku Mitsumi Electric Mizuho MOL MS&AD MUFG NEC NEG NGK Nichirei Nikon Nippon Express Nippon Kayaku Nippon Light Metal Nippon Ham Nippon Paper Industries Nippon Soda Nippon Suisan Nissan Nissan Chemical Nisshin Seifun Nisshin Steel Nisshinbo Nittobo Nitto Denko Sompo Japan
Japan
Nipponkoa Holdings Nomura NSG NSK NSSMC NTN NTT NTT Data NTT DoCoMo NYK Obayashi Odakyu Oji Holdings Corporation OKI Okuma Olympus Osaka Gas Pacific Metals Panasonic Pioneer Resona Ricoh Sapporo Holdings Secom Sekisui House Sharp Shimz Shin-Etsu Shinsei Bank Shionogi Shiseido Shizuoka Bank Showa Denko Showa Shell SKY Perfect JSAT SoftBank Sojitz Sony Sony
Sony
Financial SUMCO Sumitomo Chemical Sumitomo Corporation Sumitomo Electric Sumitomo Heavy Industries Sumitomo Metal Mining Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Financial Sumitomo Mitsui
Mitsui
Trust Sumitomo Osaka Cement Sumitomo Realty Suzuki T&D Taiheiyo Cement Taisei Taiyo Yuden Takara Takashimaya Takeda TDK Teijin TEPCO Terumo Tobu Toho Toho
Toho
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v t e

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Current companies

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Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 165956761 ISNI: 0000 0001 2197 9981 GND: 5055922-9 SUDOC: 029636973 BNF: cb12122042f (data) NLA: 3572

.
NYK Line


--- Advertisement ---



JP¥ 2,401 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 20.1 billion) (FY 2014)

Net income

JP¥ 47.5 billion(FY 2014) (US$ 395.8 million) (FY 2014)

Number of employees

33,520 (as of March 31, 2015)

Website Official website

Footnotes / references [1][2][3][4]

NY K Line
K Line
container

NYK Maritime Museum
NYK Maritime Museum
and NYK's Yokohama
Yokohama
branch

Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha (日本郵船株式会社, Nippon Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan
Japan
Mail Shipping
Shipping
Line or NYK Line)[1] is one of the oldest and largest shipping companies in the world. It is a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu. The company has its headquarters in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Japan
and a fleet of about 800 ships, that includes container ships, tankers, bulk and woodchip carriers, Ro-Ro car carriers, reefer vessels, LNG carrier
LNG carrier
and cruise ships.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1870-1900 1.2 1900-1950 1.3 Selected ships 1.4 1950-present 1.5 2016

2 Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division 3 Selected ships in post-war fleet 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links 9 Image gallery

History[edit] 1870-1900[edit] The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as the renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shokai, the company inaugurated Japan's first passenger liner service, with a route from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Shanghai; and in that same year, the company name was changed to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Mail Steamship Company. In 1885, a merger with Kyodo Unyu Kaisha (founded 1882) led to the adoption of the company's present name.[5] The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide, with a line service to London
London
being inaugurated in 1899.[5] 1900-1950[edit] The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked Kobe
Kobe
and Yokohama
Yokohama
with South America, Batavia, Melbourne, Cape Town; and frequent crossings to San Francisco
San Francisco
and Seattle. Other routes connected local Chinese cabotage vessels on the Chinese coasts and upper Yangtze. Ocean routes went east from Japan
Japan
to Vancouver
Vancouver
(Canada) or Seattle. Another way was to stop in Hawaii, and continue to San Francisco
San Francisco
and the Panama Canal. The next commercial routes were south from Japan, across the East China Sea. These went to South East Asia, the China coasts, and towards India and the Indian Ocean, to Europe or Batavia (Dutch Indies), or Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. The fastest services took ten days from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Seattle, and one month to Europe. Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe
Kobe
and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from Moji to Osaka and Yokohama. Karafuto
Karafuto
timber represented a third part of local trade. Soy bean
Soy bean
products from Dairen
Dairen
and Ryojun
Ryojun
arrived at Yokohama. The sugar cane of the South Pacific Mandate
South Pacific Mandate
and Formosa, cotton, salt and minerals represented other important parts of these transport transactions. In 1926 Toyo Kisen Line
Toyo Kisen Line
(TKK), with its fleet of nine ships, merged with NYK. The current funnel livery was introduced in 1929. The company also ran services connecting metropolitan Japan
Japan
to its exterior provinces (Chosen, Karafuto, Kwantung, Formosa and South Mandate) of the Empire. From 1924 all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships.[6] NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929 but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.[7] In World War II the NY K Line
K Line
provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific.[8] Before the war NYK had 36 passenger ships;[7] by the time of Japan's surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru, survived.[9] NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. SCAJAP requisitioned Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.[9] Selected ships[edit] The NYK fleet expanded in bursts, responding to changed economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.[10] Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise serial categories.[11] Some ships were named after Shinto
Shinto
shrines, and others were named after ancient provinces of Japan, cities of Japan, mountains of Japan
Japan
or islands of Japan. Some ships had explicitly non-Japanese names, such as ships named after cities. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Shinto
Shinto
shrines Chichibu Maru(1930).[12] Hie Maru (1930).[13][14] Heian Maru (1930).[13][15] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1930).[16] Kasuga Maru (1940).[13][17] Kitano Maru (1909).[18] Nitta Maru
Nitta Maru
(1939).[19] Tatsuta Maru
Tatsuta Maru
(1930).[13][20][21] Terukuni Maru (1930).[22] Yawata Maru
Yawata Maru
(1939)[23]

Provinces[24][25] Awa Maru (1899).[26][27] Awa Maru (1943).[28] Kaga Maru (19__).[29] Noto Maru (1934).[30][31] Tango Maru (1905).[13][32]

Mountains Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1929).[33][34] Maya Maru (1925).[35] Rokko Maru (1923).[35]

Cities Asuka Maru (1924).[36] Calcutta Maru (1917).[37] Dakar Maru (1920).[38] Durban Maru (1920).[39] Hakone Maru (1921)[40][41] Lima Maru (1920).[42] Lisbon Maru
Lisbon Maru
(1920).[43] Lyons Maru (1920).[44]

Miscellaneous Korea Maru (1901).[45] Kyushu Maru (1862).[11] Siberia Maru (1901).[46] Taiyo Maru
Taiyo Maru
(1911).[47] Toyama Maru (1915).[48] Yoshida Maru
Yoshida Maru
(1941).[49][50]

1950-present[edit]

Head office of NY K Line
K Line
(日本郵船) at Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

NYK Virgo

NYK vehicles carrier Galaxy Leader dockside at Bremerhaven in Germany (December 2006).

NYK vehicles carrier Rhea Leader

By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world. As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru on a route to California
California
in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports. NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States
United States
container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific. NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises. In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when MS Asuka entered service on the Japanese cruise market.[51][52] In 2006 Asuka was replaced by the much larger Asuka II, formerly Crystal Cruises' Crystal Harmony.[53][54] At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers, 78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about 55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27 countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK head office is based in Tokyo, and has regional headquarters in London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, and São Paulo. During the first decade of 2000s, NYK reached a remarkable position within the Liner ranking, as one of top twelve companies in the number of containers carried, number one RORO Carrier and one of the main player in LNG and break bulk transport fields, plus several awards for its cruise service quality. 2016[edit] On Monday, 31 October 2016, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Mitsui
Mitsui
OSK Lines and Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha agreed to merge their container shipping business via establishing a completely new joint venture company. The integration included their overseas terminal activities. The joint venture company operates under the name “Ocean Network Express”, with holding company offices in Tokyo, a global headquarter in Singapore and regional headquarters in United Kingdom (London), United States
United States
(Richmond, VA), Hong Kong, and Brazil (São Paulo).[55]The new company started its operations on 1st April 2018.[56] Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division[edit] NYK is also the world's largest Roll-on/roll-off
Roll-on/roll-off
ocean carrier. NYK's RORO fleet has a 660,000 car capacity which represents just over 17% of the global car transportation fleet capacity. Over 123 vessels are deployed worldwide transporting cars[57] manufactured in Japan, US, EU towards Asia, Middle East, North & South America[58], Australia, Africa and Europe. In addition to brand new cars, High and Heavy cargo (such as excavators, mobile cranes, new and used trucks and buses, trailers) and break bulk static pieces are carried all over the globe by NYK. Selected ships in post-war fleet[edit] The modern NYK fleet encompasses a variety of ship names.[11] Some names form series, as in those ships named after flowers, stars, star constellations, and provinces of pre-Meiji Japan. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Flowers ACX Cherry (1994)[59] ACX Hibiscus (1997)[59] ACX Jasmine (1996)[59] ACX Lily (1990)[59] ACX Magnolia (1998)[59] ACX Marguerite (1997)[59] ACX Salvia (1997)[59]

Stars NYK Altair (2010)[59] NYK Antares (1997)[59] NYK Canopus (1998)[59] NYK Deneb (2007)[59] NYK Rigel (2009)[59] NYK Sirius (1998)[59] NYK Vega
NYK Vega
(2006)[59]

Constellations Aries Leader (2014)[60] Auriga Leader
Auriga Leader
(2008)[61] Andromeda Leader (2007)[59] Apollon Leader (2007)[59] Cepheus Leader (2006) [59] NYK Leo (2002)[59] NYK Orion (2008)[59] NYK Pegasus (2003)[59] NYK Phoenix (2003)[59] NYK Virgo (2007)[59]

Provinces Iga Maru (1996)[59] Izu Maru (1997)[59] Izumo Maru (1997)[59] Kaga Maru (1988)[59] Sanuki Maru (1997)[59] Settsu Maru (1997)[59] Shima Maru (1997)[59]

Miscellaneous Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1954)[62] Astoria Maru (1952)[63] Galaxy Leader (2002)[64][65] Hakone Maru (1968)[66] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1974)[67] Zeus Leader (2009)[59]

Advertisement of Seattle, Washington sailings, March 1918

NYK vehicles carrier Apollon Leader

Procyon Leader

Pegasus Leader

The NYK liner Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
preserved at Naka-ku, Yokohama

Advertisement circa 1935

Advertisement circa 1930s

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Transport portal Nautical portal Companies portal Tokyo
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Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner New Carissa Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner John Wilson

Notes[edit]

^ a b c "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Company Snapshot". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Financials". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ a b NYK: History. ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 516–517. ^ a b Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 515–516. ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history ^ a b Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter (1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here, since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead, the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899), Yamashiro Maru (1912) and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II and Yamashiro Maru III. ^ a b c ShipsList: NY K Line
K Line
fleet. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48. ^ a b c d e Jordan 2006, p. 258. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813. ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370. ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named after the shrine Kitano Tenmangū ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 50. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 39. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.  ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of Japan
Japan
or kunikyū class ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 8. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4004181[dead link]. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4049894. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 9. ^ Peterson, Rick. Noto Maru, Hell ship ^ Miramar Ship Index: Noto Maru, ID#4039723. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Tango Maru, ID#4009330. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 45. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#4035342. ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane 1931, Appendix, p. 3. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka Maru, ID#4030494. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Calcutta Maru, ID#4020373. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Dakar Maru, ID#4026933. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Durban Maru, ID#4026431. ^ Jordan 1931, p. 257 ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#4028453. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lima Maru, ID#4026947. ^ Sinking of Lisbon Maru; Miramar Ship Index: Lisbon Maru, ID#4027254. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lyons Maru, ID#4026949. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Korea Maru, ID#2161196. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Siberia Maru, ID #2117179. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48-49. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Toyama Maru, ID#4018180. ^ ShipHistory: Yoshida Maru, April 26, 1944; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yoshida Maru, ID#4048724. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Asuka". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on January 1, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka, ID#8913162. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Crystal Harmony (1990)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Crystal Harmony, ID#8806204. ^ https://theloadstar.co.uk/creation-ocean-network-express-will-turning-point-nyk-says-president/ ^ http://splash247.com/japans-big-three-lines-christen-new-merged-container-entity-ocean-network-express/ ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/automobiles/around-the-world-with-5500-cars.html ^ https://worldmaritimenews.com/archives/205927/nyk-starts-south-america-roro-service-from-port-everglades/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad NYK: fleet list ^ New Car Carrier Aries Leader Delivered ^ NYK- Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Joint Project: The World First Solar-Powered Ship Sails ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#5026499. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Astoria Maru, ID#5027572. ^ ShipPhotos, NYK: ship at Southampton, 2006; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Galaxy Leader, ID#9237307.[dead link] ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#6817194. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hikawa Maru, ID#7380590.

References[edit]

Chida, Momohei; Davies, Peter (1990). The Japanese Shipping
Shipping
and Shipbuilding Industries: A History of their Modern Growth. London: Athlone Press. ISBN 978-0-485-11271-9. OCLC 20799046.  Jordan, Roger (2006). The World's Merchant Fleets, 1939: The Particulars And Wartime Fates of 6,000 Ships. pp. 257–261.  Kizu, Shigetoshi (1984). A 100 Years' History of the Ships of Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Tokyo: NYK. ISBN 978-4-905551-20-1. OCLC 16781302.  Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1935). The Nomenclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet. Tokyo: NYK. OCLC 27933596.  Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. pp. 515–517.  Wray, William D (1984). Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: Business Strategy in the Japanese Shipping
Shipping
Industry. Harvard: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-57665-0. OCLC 10825248. 

Further reading[edit]

Cook, Richard; Oleniuk, Marcus (2007). Around the World in 40 Feet, Two Hundred Days in the Life of a 40 ft NYK Shipping
Shipping
Container. WordAsia Publishing. ISBN 978-988-97392-3-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nippon Yusen.

Company website (in English) Regional website for NYK Group in Europe (in English) NYK Group official history NYK Group vessels at The Ships List Menus c.1900 & others from various Nippon Yusen
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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 165956761 ISNI: 0000 0001 2197 9981 GND: 5055922-9 SUDOC: 029636973 BNF: cb12122042f (data) NLA: 3572

.
NYK Line


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JP¥ 2,401 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 20.1 billion) (FY 2014)

Net income

JP¥ 47.5 billion(FY 2014) (US$ 395.8 million) (FY 2014)

Number of employees

33,520 (as of March 31, 2015)

Website Official website

Footnotes / references [1][2][3][4]

NY K Line
K Line
container

NYK Maritime Museum
NYK Maritime Museum
and NYK's Yokohama
Yokohama
branch

Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha (日本郵船株式会社, Nippon Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan
Japan
Mail Shipping
Shipping
Line or NYK Line)[1] is one of the oldest and largest shipping companies in the world. It is a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu. The company has its headquarters in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Japan
and a fleet of about 800 ships, that includes container ships, tankers, bulk and woodchip carriers, Ro-Ro car carriers, reefer vessels, LNG carrier
LNG carrier
and cruise ships.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1870-1900 1.2 1900-1950 1.3 Selected ships 1.4 1950-present 1.5 2016

2 Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division 3 Selected ships in post-war fleet 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links 9 Image gallery

History[edit] 1870-1900[edit] The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as the renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shokai, the company inaugurated Japan's first passenger liner service, with a route from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Shanghai; and in that same year, the company name was changed to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Mail Steamship Company. In 1885, a merger with Kyodo Unyu Kaisha (founded 1882) led to the adoption of the company's present name.[5] The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide, with a line service to London
London
being inaugurated in 1899.[5] 1900-1950[edit] The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked Kobe
Kobe
and Yokohama
Yokohama
with South America, Batavia, Melbourne, Cape Town; and frequent crossings to San Francisco
San Francisco
and Seattle. Other routes connected local Chinese cabotage vessels on the Chinese coasts and upper Yangtze. Ocean routes went east from Japan
Japan
to Vancouver
Vancouver
(Canada) or Seattle. Another way was to stop in Hawaii, and continue to San Francisco
San Francisco
and the Panama Canal. The next commercial routes were south from Japan, across the East China Sea. These went to South East Asia, the China coasts, and towards India and the Indian Ocean, to Europe or Batavia (Dutch Indies), or Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. The fastest services took ten days from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Seattle, and one month to Europe. Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe
Kobe
and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from Moji to Osaka and Yokohama. Karafuto
Karafuto
timber represented a third part of local trade. Soy bean
Soy bean
products from Dairen
Dairen
and Ryojun
Ryojun
arrived at Yokohama. The sugar cane of the South Pacific Mandate
South Pacific Mandate
and Formosa, cotton, salt and minerals represented other important parts of these transport transactions. In 1926 Toyo Kisen Line
Toyo Kisen Line
(TKK), with its fleet of nine ships, merged with NYK. The current funnel livery was introduced in 1929. The company also ran services connecting metropolitan Japan
Japan
to its exterior provinces (Chosen, Karafuto, Kwantung, Formosa and South Mandate) of the Empire. From 1924 all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships.[6] NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929 but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.[7] In World War II the NY K Line
K Line
provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific.[8] Before the war NYK had 36 passenger ships;[7] by the time of Japan's surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru, survived.[9] NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. SCAJAP requisitioned Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.[9] Selected ships[edit] The NYK fleet expanded in bursts, responding to changed economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.[10] Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise serial categories.[11] Some ships were named after Shinto
Shinto
shrines, and others were named after ancient provinces of Japan, cities of Japan, mountains of Japan
Japan
or islands of Japan. Some ships had explicitly non-Japanese names, such as ships named after cities. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Shinto
Shinto
shrines Chichibu Maru(1930).[12] Hie Maru (1930).[13][14] Heian Maru (1930).[13][15] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1930).[16] Kasuga Maru (1940).[13][17] Kitano Maru (1909).[18] Nitta Maru
Nitta Maru
(1939).[19] Tatsuta Maru
Tatsuta Maru
(1930).[13][20][21] Terukuni Maru (1930).[22] Yawata Maru
Yawata Maru
(1939)[23]

Provinces[24][25] Awa Maru (1899).[26][27] Awa Maru (1943).[28] Kaga Maru (19__).[29] Noto Maru (1934).[30][31] Tango Maru (1905).[13][32]

Mountains Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1929).[33][34] Maya Maru (1925).[35] Rokko Maru (1923).[35]

Cities Asuka Maru (1924).[36] Calcutta Maru (1917).[37] Dakar Maru (1920).[38] Durban Maru (1920).[39] Hakone Maru (1921)[40][41] Lima Maru (1920).[42] Lisbon Maru
Lisbon Maru
(1920).[43] Lyons Maru (1920).[44]

Miscellaneous Korea Maru (1901).[45] Kyushu Maru (1862).[11] Siberia Maru (1901).[46] Taiyo Maru
Taiyo Maru
(1911).[47] Toyama Maru (1915).[48] Yoshida Maru
Yoshida Maru
(1941).[49][50]

1950-present[edit]

Head office of NY K Line
K Line
(日本郵船) at Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

NYK Virgo

NYK vehicles carrier Galaxy Leader dockside at Bremerhaven in Germany (December 2006).

NYK vehicles carrier Rhea Leader

By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world. As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru on a route to California
California
in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports. NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States
United States
container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific. NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises. In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when MS Asuka entered service on the Japanese cruise market.[51][52] In 2006 Asuka was replaced by the much larger Asuka II, formerly Crystal Cruises' Crystal Harmony.[53][54] At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers, 78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about 55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27 countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK head office is based in Tokyo, and has regional headquarters in London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, and São Paulo. During the first decade of 2000s, NYK reached a remarkable position within the Liner ranking, as one of top twelve companies in the number of containers carried, number one RORO Carrier and one of the main player in LNG and break bulk transport fields, plus several awards for its cruise service quality. 2016[edit] On Monday, 31 October 2016, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Mitsui
Mitsui
OSK Lines and Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha agreed to merge their container shipping business via establishing a completely new joint venture company. The integration included their overseas terminal activities. The joint venture company operates under the name “Ocean Network Express”, with holding company offices in Tokyo, a global headquarter in Singapore and regional headquarters in United Kingdom (London), United States
United States
(Richmond, VA), Hong Kong, and Brazil (São Paulo).[55]The new company started its operations on 1st April 2018.[56] Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division[edit] NYK is also the world's largest Roll-on/roll-off
Roll-on/roll-off
ocean carrier. NYK's RORO fleet has a 660,000 car capacity which represents just over 17% of the global car transportation fleet capacity. Over 123 vessels are deployed worldwide transporting cars[57] manufactured in Japan, US, EU towards Asia, Middle East, North & South America[58], Australia, Africa and Europe. In addition to brand new cars, High and Heavy cargo (such as excavators, mobile cranes, new and used trucks and buses, trailers) and break bulk static pieces are carried all over the globe by NYK. Selected ships in post-war fleet[edit] The modern NYK fleet encompasses a variety of ship names.[11] Some names form series, as in those ships named after flowers, stars, star constellations, and provinces of pre-Meiji Japan. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Flowers ACX Cherry (1994)[59] ACX Hibiscus (1997)[59] ACX Jasmine (1996)[59] ACX Lily (1990)[59] ACX Magnolia (1998)[59] ACX Marguerite (1997)[59] ACX Salvia (1997)[59]

Stars NYK Altair (2010)[59] NYK Antares (1997)[59] NYK Canopus (1998)[59] NYK Deneb (2007)[59] NYK Rigel (2009)[59] NYK Sirius (1998)[59] NYK Vega
NYK Vega
(2006)[59]

Constellations Aries Leader (2014)[60] Auriga Leader
Auriga Leader
(2008)[61] Andromeda Leader (2007)[59] Apollon Leader (2007)[59] Cepheus Leader (2006) [59] NYK Leo (2002)[59] NYK Orion (2008)[59] NYK Pegasus (2003)[59] NYK Phoenix (2003)[59] NYK Virgo (2007)[59]

Provinces Iga Maru (1996)[59] Izu Maru (1997)[59] Izumo Maru (1997)[59] Kaga Maru (1988)[59] Sanuki Maru (1997)[59] Settsu Maru (1997)[59] Shima Maru (1997)[59]

Miscellaneous Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1954)[62] Astoria Maru (1952)[63] Galaxy Leader (2002)[64][65] Hakone Maru (1968)[66] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1974)[67] Zeus Leader (2009)[59]

Advertisement of Seattle, Washington sailings, March 1918

NYK vehicles carrier Apollon Leader

Procyon Leader

Pegasus Leader

The NYK liner Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
preserved at Naka-ku, Yokohama

Advertisement circa 1935

Advertisement circa 1930s

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Transport portal Nautical portal Companies portal Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner New Carissa Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner John Wilson

Notes[edit]

^ a b c "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Company Snapshot". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Financials". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ a b NYK: History. ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 516–517. ^ a b Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 515–516. ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history ^ a b Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter (1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here, since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead, the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899), Yamashiro Maru (1912) and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II and Yamashiro Maru III. ^ a b c ShipsList: NY K Line
K Line
fleet. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48. ^ a b c d e Jordan 2006, p. 258. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813. ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370. ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named after the shrine Kitano Tenmangū ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 50. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 39. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.  ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of Japan
Japan
or kunikyū class ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 8. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4004181[dead link]. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4049894. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 9. ^ Peterson, Rick. Noto Maru, Hell ship ^ Miramar Ship Index: Noto Maru, ID#4039723. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Tango Maru, ID#4009330. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 45. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#4035342. ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane 1931, Appendix, p. 3. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka Maru, ID#4030494. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Calcutta Maru, ID#4020373. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Dakar Maru, ID#4026933. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Durban Maru, ID#4026431. ^ Jordan 1931, p. 257 ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#4028453. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lima Maru, ID#4026947. ^ Sinking of Lisbon Maru; Miramar Ship Index: Lisbon Maru, ID#4027254. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lyons Maru, ID#4026949. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Korea Maru, ID#2161196. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Siberia Maru, ID #2117179. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48-49. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Toyama Maru, ID#4018180. ^ ShipHistory: Yoshida Maru, April 26, 1944; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yoshida Maru, ID#4048724. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Asuka". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on January 1, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka, ID#8913162. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Crystal Harmony (1990)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Crystal Harmony, ID#8806204. ^ https://theloadstar.co.uk/creation-ocean-network-express-will-turning-point-nyk-says-president/ ^ http://splash247.com/japans-big-three-lines-christen-new-merged-container-entity-ocean-network-express/ ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/automobiles/around-the-world-with-5500-cars.html ^ https://worldmaritimenews.com/archives/205927/nyk-starts-south-america-roro-service-from-port-everglades/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad NYK: fleet list ^ New Car Carrier Aries Leader Delivered ^ NYK- Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Joint Project: The World First Solar-Powered Ship Sails ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#5026499. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Astoria Maru, ID#5027572. ^ ShipPhotos, NYK: ship at Southampton, 2006; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Galaxy Leader, ID#9237307.[dead link] ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#6817194. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hikawa Maru, ID#7380590.

References[edit]

Chida, Momohei; Davies, Peter (1990). The Japanese Shipping
Shipping
and Shipbuilding Industries: A History of their Modern Growth. London: Athlone Press. ISBN 978-0-485-11271-9. OCLC 20799046.  Jordan, Roger (2006). The World's Merchant Fleets, 1939: The Particulars And Wartime Fates of 6,000 Ships. pp. 257–261.  Kizu, Shigetoshi (1984). A 100 Years' History of the Ships of Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Tokyo: NYK. ISBN 978-4-905551-20-1. OCLC 16781302.  Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1935). The Nomenclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet. Tokyo: NYK. OCLC 27933596.  Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. pp. 515–517.  Wray, William D (1984). Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: Business Strategy in the Japanese Shipping
Shipping
Industry. Harvard: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-57665-0. OCLC 10825248. 

Further reading[edit]

Cook, Richard; Oleniuk, Marcus (2007). Around the World in 40 Feet, Two Hundred Days in the Life of a 40 ft NYK Shipping
Shipping
Container. WordAsia Publishing. ISBN 978-988-97392-3-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nippon Yusen.

Company website (in English) Regional website for NYK Group in Europe (in English) NYK Group official history NYK Group vessels at The Ships List Menus c.1900 & others from various Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
oceanliners NY K Line
K Line
RORO

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 165956761 ISNI: 0000 0001 2197 9981 GND: 5055922-9 SUDOC: 029636973 BNF: cb12122042f (data) NLA: 3572

.
NYK Line


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JP¥ 2,401 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 20.1 billion) (FY 2014)

Net income

JP¥ 47.5 billion(FY 2014) (US$ 395.8 million) (FY 2014)

Number of employees

33,520 (as of March 31, 2015)

Website Official website

Footnotes / references [1][2][3][4]

NY K Line
K Line
container

NYK Maritime Museum
NYK Maritime Museum
and NYK's Yokohama
Yokohama
branch

Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha (日本郵船株式会社, Nippon Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan
Japan
Mail Shipping
Shipping
Line or NYK Line)[1] is one of the oldest and largest shipping companies in the world. It is a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu. The company has its headquarters in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Japan
and a fleet of about 800 ships, that includes container ships, tankers, bulk and woodchip carriers, Ro-Ro car carriers, reefer vessels, LNG carrier
LNG carrier
and cruise ships.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1870-1900 1.2 1900-1950 1.3 Selected ships 1.4 1950-present 1.5 2016

2 Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division 3 Selected ships in post-war fleet 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links 9 Image gallery

History[edit] 1870-1900[edit] The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as the renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shokai, the company inaugurated Japan's first passenger liner service, with a route from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Shanghai; and in that same year, the company name was changed to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Mail Steamship Company. In 1885, a merger with Kyodo Unyu Kaisha (founded 1882) led to the adoption of the company's present name.[5] The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide, with a line service to London
London
being inaugurated in 1899.[5] 1900-1950[edit] The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked Kobe
Kobe
and Yokohama
Yokohama
with South America, Batavia, Melbourne, Cape Town; and frequent crossings to San Francisco
San Francisco
and Seattle. Other routes connected local Chinese cabotage vessels on the Chinese coasts and upper Yangtze. Ocean routes went east from Japan
Japan
to Vancouver
Vancouver
(Canada) or Seattle. Another way was to stop in Hawaii, and continue to San Francisco
San Francisco
and the Panama Canal. The next commercial routes were south from Japan, across the East China Sea. These went to South East Asia, the China coasts, and towards India and the Indian Ocean, to Europe or Batavia (Dutch Indies), or Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. The fastest services took ten days from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Seattle, and one month to Europe. Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe
Kobe
and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from Moji to Osaka and Yokohama. Karafuto
Karafuto
timber represented a third part of local trade. Soy bean
Soy bean
products from Dairen
Dairen
and Ryojun
Ryojun
arrived at Yokohama. The sugar cane of the South Pacific Mandate
South Pacific Mandate
and Formosa, cotton, salt and minerals represented other important parts of these transport transactions. In 1926 Toyo Kisen Line
Toyo Kisen Line
(TKK), with its fleet of nine ships, merged with NYK. The current funnel livery was introduced in 1929. The company also ran services connecting metropolitan Japan
Japan
to its exterior provinces (Chosen, Karafuto, Kwantung, Formosa and South Mandate) of the Empire. From 1924 all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships.[6] NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929 but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.[7] In World War II the NY K Line
K Line
provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific.[8] Before the war NYK had 36 passenger ships;[7] by the time of Japan's surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru, survived.[9] NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. SCAJAP requisitioned Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.[9] Selected ships[edit] The NYK fleet expanded in bursts, responding to changed economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.[10] Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise serial categories.[11] Some ships were named after Shinto
Shinto
shrines, and others were named after ancient provinces of Japan, cities of Japan, mountains of Japan
Japan
or islands of Japan. Some ships had explicitly non-Japanese names, such as ships named after cities. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Shinto
Shinto
shrines Chichibu Maru(1930).[12] Hie Maru (1930).[13][14] Heian Maru (1930).[13][15] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1930).[16] Kasuga Maru (1940).[13][17] Kitano Maru (1909).[18] Nitta Maru
Nitta Maru
(1939).[19] Tatsuta Maru
Tatsuta Maru
(1930).[13][20][21] Terukuni Maru (1930).[22] Yawata Maru
Yawata Maru
(1939)[23]

Provinces[24][25] Awa Maru (1899).[26][27] Awa Maru (1943).[28] Kaga Maru (19__).[29] Noto Maru (1934).[30][31] Tango Maru (1905).[13][32]

Mountains Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1929).[33][34] Maya Maru (1925).[35] Rokko Maru (1923).[35]

Cities Asuka Maru (1924).[36] Calcutta Maru (1917).[37] Dakar Maru (1920).[38] Durban Maru (1920).[39] Hakone Maru (1921)[40][41] Lima Maru (1920).[42] Lisbon Maru
Lisbon Maru
(1920).[43] Lyons Maru (1920).[44]

Miscellaneous Korea Maru (1901).[45] Kyushu Maru (1862).[11] Siberia Maru (1901).[46] Taiyo Maru
Taiyo Maru
(1911).[47] Toyama Maru (1915).[48] Yoshida Maru
Yoshida Maru
(1941).[49][50]

1950-present[edit]

Head office of NY K Line
K Line
(日本郵船) at Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

NYK Virgo

NYK vehicles carrier Galaxy Leader dockside at Bremerhaven in Germany (December 2006).

NYK vehicles carrier Rhea Leader

By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world. As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru on a route to California
California
in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports. NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States
United States
container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific. NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises. In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when MS Asuka entered service on the Japanese cruise market.[51][52] In 2006 Asuka was replaced by the much larger Asuka II, formerly Crystal Cruises' Crystal Harmony.[53][54] At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers, 78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about 55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27 countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK head office is based in Tokyo, and has regional headquarters in London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, and São Paulo. During the first decade of 2000s, NYK reached a remarkable position within the Liner ranking, as one of top twelve companies in the number of containers carried, number one RORO Carrier and one of the main player in LNG and break bulk transport fields, plus several awards for its cruise service quality. 2016[edit] On Monday, 31 October 2016, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Mitsui
Mitsui
OSK Lines and Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha agreed to merge their container shipping business via establishing a completely new joint venture company. The integration included their overseas terminal activities. The joint venture company operates under the name “Ocean Network Express”, with holding company offices in Tokyo, a global headquarter in Singapore and regional headquarters in United Kingdom (London), United States
United States
(Richmond, VA), Hong Kong, and Brazil (São Paulo).[55]The new company started its operations on 1st April 2018.[56] Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division[edit] NYK is also the world's largest Roll-on/roll-off
Roll-on/roll-off
ocean carrier. NYK's RORO fleet has a 660,000 car capacity which represents just over 17% of the global car transportation fleet capacity. Over 123 vessels are deployed worldwide transporting cars[57] manufactured in Japan, US, EU towards Asia, Middle East, North & South America[58], Australia, Africa and Europe. In addition to brand new cars, High and Heavy cargo (such as excavators, mobile cranes, new and used trucks and buses, trailers) and break bulk static pieces are carried all over the globe by NYK. Selected ships in post-war fleet[edit] The modern NYK fleet encompasses a variety of ship names.[11] Some names form series, as in those ships named after flowers, stars, star constellations, and provinces of pre-Meiji Japan. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Flowers ACX Cherry (1994)[59] ACX Hibiscus (1997)[59] ACX Jasmine (1996)[59] ACX Lily (1990)[59] ACX Magnolia (1998)[59] ACX Marguerite (1997)[59] ACX Salvia (1997)[59]

Stars NYK Altair (2010)[59] NYK Antares (1997)[59] NYK Canopus (1998)[59] NYK Deneb (2007)[59] NYK Rigel (2009)[59] NYK Sirius (1998)[59] NYK Vega
NYK Vega
(2006)[59]

Constellations Aries Leader (2014)[60] Auriga Leader
Auriga Leader
(2008)[61] Andromeda Leader (2007)[59] Apollon Leader (2007)[59] Cepheus Leader (2006) [59] NYK Leo (2002)[59] NYK Orion (2008)[59] NYK Pegasus (2003)[59] NYK Phoenix (2003)[59] NYK Virgo (2007)[59]

Provinces Iga Maru (1996)[59] Izu Maru (1997)[59] Izumo Maru (1997)[59] Kaga Maru (1988)[59] Sanuki Maru (1997)[59] Settsu Maru (1997)[59] Shima Maru (1997)[59]

Miscellaneous Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1954)[62] Astoria Maru (1952)[63] Galaxy Leader (2002)[64][65] Hakone Maru (1968)[66] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1974)[67] Zeus Leader (2009)[59]

Advertisement of Seattle, Washington sailings, March 1918

NYK vehicles carrier Apollon Leader

Procyon Leader

Pegasus Leader

The NYK liner Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
preserved at Naka-ku, Yokohama

Advertisement circa 1935

Advertisement circa 1930s

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Transport portal Nautical portal Companies portal Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner New Carissa Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner John Wilson

Notes[edit]

^ a b c "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Company Snapshot". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Financials". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ a b NYK: History. ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 516–517. ^ a b Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 515–516. ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history ^ a b Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter (1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here, since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead, the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899), Yamashiro Maru (1912) and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II and Yamashiro Maru III. ^ a b c ShipsList: NY K Line
K Line
fleet. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48. ^ a b c d e Jordan 2006, p. 258. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813. ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370. ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named after the shrine Kitano Tenmangū ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 50. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 39. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.  ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of Japan
Japan
or kunikyū class ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 8. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4004181[dead link]. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4049894. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 9. ^ Peterson, Rick. Noto Maru, Hell ship ^ Miramar Ship Index: Noto Maru, ID#4039723. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Tango Maru, ID#4009330. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 45. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#4035342. ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane 1931, Appendix, p. 3. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka Maru, ID#4030494. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Calcutta Maru, ID#4020373. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Dakar Maru, ID#4026933. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Durban Maru, ID#4026431. ^ Jordan 1931, p. 257 ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#4028453. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lima Maru, ID#4026947. ^ Sinking of Lisbon Maru; Miramar Ship Index: Lisbon Maru, ID#4027254. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lyons Maru, ID#4026949. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Korea Maru, ID#2161196. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Siberia Maru, ID #2117179. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48-49. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Toyama Maru, ID#4018180. ^ ShipHistory: Yoshida Maru, April 26, 1944; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yoshida Maru, ID#4048724. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Asuka". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on January 1, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka, ID#8913162. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Crystal Harmony (1990)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Crystal Harmony, ID#8806204. ^ https://theloadstar.co.uk/creation-ocean-network-express-will-turning-point-nyk-says-president/ ^ http://splash247.com/japans-big-three-lines-christen-new-merged-container-entity-ocean-network-express/ ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/automobiles/around-the-world-with-5500-cars.html ^ https://worldmaritimenews.com/archives/205927/nyk-starts-south-america-roro-service-from-port-everglades/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad NYK: fleet list ^ New Car Carrier Aries Leader Delivered ^ NYK- Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Joint Project: The World First Solar-Powered Ship Sails ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#5026499. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Astoria Maru, ID#5027572. ^ ShipPhotos, NYK: ship at Southampton, 2006; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Galaxy Leader, ID#9237307.[dead link] ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#6817194. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hikawa Maru, ID#7380590.

References[edit]

Chida, Momohei; Davies, Peter (1990). The Japanese Shipping
Shipping
and Shipbuilding Industries: A History of their Modern Growth. London: Athlone Press. ISBN 978-0-485-11271-9. OCLC 20799046.  Jordan, Roger (2006). The World's Merchant Fleets, 1939: The Particulars And Wartime Fates of 6,000 Ships. pp. 257–261.  Kizu, Shigetoshi (1984). A 100 Years' History of the Ships of Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Tokyo: NYK. ISBN 978-4-905551-20-1. OCLC 16781302.  Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1935). The Nomenclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet. Tokyo: NYK. OCLC 27933596.  Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. pp. 515–517.  Wray, William D (1984). Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: Business Strategy in the Japanese Shipping
Shipping
Industry. Harvard: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-57665-0. OCLC 10825248. 

Further reading[edit]

Cook, Richard; Oleniuk, Marcus (2007). Around the World in 40 Feet, Two Hundred Days in the Life of a 40 ft NYK Shipping
Shipping
Container. WordAsia Publishing. ISBN 978-988-97392-3-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nippon Yusen.

Company website (in English) Regional website for NYK Group in Europe (in English) NYK Group official history NYK Group vessels at The Ships List Menus c.1900 & others from various Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
oceanliners NY K Line
K Line
RORO

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 165956761 ISNI: 0000 0001 2197 9981 GND: 5055922-9 SUDOC: 029636973 BNF: cb12122042f (data) NLA: 3572

.
NYK Line


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JP¥ 2,401 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 20.1 billion) (FY 2014)

Net income

JP¥ 47.5 billion(FY 2014) (US$ 395.8 million) (FY 2014)

Number of employees

33,520 (as of March 31, 2015)

Website Official website

Footnotes / references [1][2][3][4]

NY K Line
K Line
container

NYK Maritime Museum
NYK Maritime Museum
and NYK's Yokohama
Yokohama
branch

Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha (日本郵船株式会社, Nippon Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan
Japan
Mail Shipping
Shipping
Line or NYK Line)[1] is one of the oldest and largest shipping companies in the world. It is a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu. The company has its headquarters in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Japan
and a fleet of about 800 ships, that includes container ships, tankers, bulk and woodchip carriers, Ro-Ro car carriers, reefer vessels, LNG carrier
LNG carrier
and cruise ships.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1870-1900 1.2 1900-1950 1.3 Selected ships 1.4 1950-present 1.5 2016

2 Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division 3 Selected ships in post-war fleet 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links 9 Image gallery

History[edit] 1870-1900[edit] The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as the renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shokai, the company inaugurated Japan's first passenger liner service, with a route from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Shanghai; and in that same year, the company name was changed to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Mail Steamship Company. In 1885, a merger with Kyodo Unyu Kaisha (founded 1882) led to the adoption of the company's present name.[5] The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide, with a line service to London
London
being inaugurated in 1899.[5] 1900-1950[edit] The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked Kobe
Kobe
and Yokohama
Yokohama
with South America, Batavia, Melbourne, Cape Town; and frequent crossings to San Francisco
San Francisco
and Seattle. Other routes connected local Chinese cabotage vessels on the Chinese coasts and upper Yangtze. Ocean routes went east from Japan
Japan
to Vancouver
Vancouver
(Canada) or Seattle. Another way was to stop in Hawaii, and continue to San Francisco
San Francisco
and the Panama Canal. The next commercial routes were south from Japan, across the East China Sea. These went to South East Asia, the China coasts, and towards India and the Indian Ocean, to Europe or Batavia (Dutch Indies), or Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. The fastest services took ten days from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Seattle, and one month to Europe. Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe
Kobe
and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from Moji to Osaka and Yokohama. Karafuto
Karafuto
timber represented a third part of local trade. Soy bean
Soy bean
products from Dairen
Dairen
and Ryojun
Ryojun
arrived at Yokohama. The sugar cane of the South Pacific Mandate
South Pacific Mandate
and Formosa, cotton, salt and minerals represented other important parts of these transport transactions. In 1926 Toyo Kisen Line
Toyo Kisen Line
(TKK), with its fleet of nine ships, merged with NYK. The current funnel livery was introduced in 1929. The company also ran services connecting metropolitan Japan
Japan
to its exterior provinces (Chosen, Karafuto, Kwantung, Formosa and South Mandate) of the Empire. From 1924 all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships.[6] NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929 but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.[7] In World War II the NY K Line
K Line
provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific.[8] Before the war NYK had 36 passenger ships;[7] by the time of Japan's surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru, survived.[9] NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. SCAJAP requisitioned Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.[9] Selected ships[edit] The NYK fleet expanded in bursts, responding to changed economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.[10] Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise serial categories.[11] Some ships were named after Shinto
Shinto
shrines, and others were named after ancient provinces of Japan, cities of Japan, mountains of Japan
Japan
or islands of Japan. Some ships had explicitly non-Japanese names, such as ships named after cities. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Shinto
Shinto
shrines Chichibu Maru(1930).[12] Hie Maru (1930).[13][14] Heian Maru (1930).[13][15] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1930).[16] Kasuga Maru (1940).[13][17] Kitano Maru (1909).[18] Nitta Maru
Nitta Maru
(1939).[19] Tatsuta Maru
Tatsuta Maru
(1930).[13][20][21] Terukuni Maru (1930).[22] Yawata Maru
Yawata Maru
(1939)[23]

Provinces[24][25] Awa Maru (1899).[26][27] Awa Maru (1943).[28] Kaga Maru (19__).[29] Noto Maru (1934).[30][31] Tango Maru (1905).[13][32]

Mountains Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1929).[33][34] Maya Maru (1925).[35] Rokko Maru (1923).[35]

Cities Asuka Maru (1924).[36] Calcutta Maru (1917).[37] Dakar Maru (1920).[38] Durban Maru (1920).[39] Hakone Maru (1921)[40][41] Lima Maru (1920).[42] Lisbon Maru
Lisbon Maru
(1920).[43] Lyons Maru (1920).[44]

Miscellaneous Korea Maru (1901).[45] Kyushu Maru (1862).[11] Siberia Maru (1901).[46] Taiyo Maru
Taiyo Maru
(1911).[47] Toyama Maru (1915).[48] Yoshida Maru
Yoshida Maru
(1941).[49][50]

1950-present[edit]

Head office of NY K Line
K Line
(日本郵船) at Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

NYK Virgo

NYK vehicles carrier Galaxy Leader dockside at Bremerhaven in Germany (December 2006).

NYK vehicles carrier Rhea Leader

By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world. As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru on a route to California
California
in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports. NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States
United States
container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific. NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises. In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when MS Asuka entered service on the Japanese cruise market.[51][52] In 2006 Asuka was replaced by the much larger Asuka II, formerly Crystal Cruises' Crystal Harmony.[53][54] At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers, 78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about 55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27 countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK head office is based in Tokyo, and has regional headquarters in London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, and São Paulo. During the first decade of 2000s, NYK reached a remarkable position within the Liner ranking, as one of top twelve companies in the number of containers carried, number one RORO Carrier and one of the main player in LNG and break bulk transport fields, plus several awards for its cruise service quality. 2016[edit] On Monday, 31 October 2016, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Mitsui
Mitsui
OSK Lines and Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha agreed to merge their container shipping business via establishing a completely new joint venture company. The integration included their overseas terminal activities. The joint venture company operates under the name “Ocean Network Express”, with holding company offices in Tokyo, a global headquarter in Singapore and regional headquarters in United Kingdom (London), United States
United States
(Richmond, VA), Hong Kong, and Brazil (São Paulo).[55]The new company started its operations on 1st April 2018.[56] Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division[edit] NYK is also the world's largest Roll-on/roll-off
Roll-on/roll-off
ocean carrier. NYK's RORO fleet has a 660,000 car capacity which represents just over 17% of the global car transportation fleet capacity. Over 123 vessels are deployed worldwide transporting cars[57] manufactured in Japan, US, EU towards Asia, Middle East, North & South America[58], Australia, Africa and Europe. In addition to brand new cars, High and Heavy cargo (such as excavators, mobile cranes, new and used trucks and buses, trailers) and break bulk static pieces are carried all over the globe by NYK. Selected ships in post-war fleet[edit] The modern NYK fleet encompasses a variety of ship names.[11] Some names form series, as in those ships named after flowers, stars, star constellations, and provinces of pre-Meiji Japan. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Flowers ACX Cherry (1994)[59] ACX Hibiscus (1997)[59] ACX Jasmine (1996)[59] ACX Lily (1990)[59] ACX Magnolia (1998)[59] ACX Marguerite (1997)[59] ACX Salvia (1997)[59]

Stars NYK Altair (2010)[59] NYK Antares (1997)[59] NYK Canopus (1998)[59] NYK Deneb (2007)[59] NYK Rigel (2009)[59] NYK Sirius (1998)[59] NYK Vega
NYK Vega
(2006)[59]

Constellations Aries Leader (2014)[60] Auriga Leader
Auriga Leader
(2008)[61] Andromeda Leader (2007)[59] Apollon Leader (2007)[59] Cepheus Leader (2006) [59] NYK Leo (2002)[59] NYK Orion (2008)[59] NYK Pegasus (2003)[59] NYK Phoenix (2003)[59] NYK Virgo (2007)[59]

Provinces Iga Maru (1996)[59] Izu Maru (1997)[59] Izumo Maru (1997)[59] Kaga Maru (1988)[59] Sanuki Maru (1997)[59] Settsu Maru (1997)[59] Shima Maru (1997)[59]

Miscellaneous Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1954)[62] Astoria Maru (1952)[63] Galaxy Leader (2002)[64][65] Hakone Maru (1968)[66] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1974)[67] Zeus Leader (2009)[59]

Advertisement of Seattle, Washington sailings, March 1918

NYK vehicles carrier Apollon Leader

Procyon Leader

Pegasus Leader

The NYK liner Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
preserved at Naka-ku, Yokohama

Advertisement circa 1935

Advertisement circa 1930s

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Transport portal Nautical portal Companies portal Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner New Carissa Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner John Wilson

Notes[edit]

^ a b c "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Company Snapshot". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Financials". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ a b NYK: History. ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 516–517. ^ a b Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 515–516. ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history ^ a b Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter (1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here, since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead, the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899), Yamashiro Maru (1912) and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II and Yamashiro Maru III. ^ a b c ShipsList: NY K Line
K Line
fleet. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48. ^ a b c d e Jordan 2006, p. 258. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813. ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370. ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named after the shrine Kitano Tenmangū ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 50. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 39. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.  ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of Japan
Japan
or kunikyū class ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 8. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4004181[dead link]. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4049894. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 9. ^ Peterson, Rick. Noto Maru, Hell ship ^ Miramar Ship Index: Noto Maru, ID#4039723. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Tango Maru, ID#4009330. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 45. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#4035342. ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane 1931, Appendix, p. 3. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka Maru, ID#4030494. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Calcutta Maru, ID#4020373. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Dakar Maru, ID#4026933. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Durban Maru, ID#4026431. ^ Jordan 1931, p. 257 ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#4028453. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lima Maru, ID#4026947. ^ Sinking of Lisbon Maru; Miramar Ship Index: Lisbon Maru, ID#4027254. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lyons Maru, ID#4026949. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Korea Maru, ID#2161196. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Siberia Maru, ID #2117179. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48-49. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Toyama Maru, ID#4018180. ^ ShipHistory: Yoshida Maru, April 26, 1944; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yoshida Maru, ID#4048724. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Asuka". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on January 1, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka, ID#8913162. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Crystal Harmony (1990)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Crystal Harmony, ID#8806204. ^ https://theloadstar.co.uk/creation-ocean-network-express-will-turning-point-nyk-says-president/ ^ http://splash247.com/japans-big-three-lines-christen-new-merged-container-entity-ocean-network-express/ ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/automobiles/around-the-world-with-5500-cars.html ^ https://worldmaritimenews.com/archives/205927/nyk-starts-south-america-roro-service-from-port-everglades/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad NYK: fleet list ^ New Car Carrier Aries Leader Delivered ^ NYK- Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Joint Project: The World First Solar-Powered Ship Sails ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#5026499. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Astoria Maru, ID#5027572. ^ ShipPhotos, NYK: ship at Southampton, 2006; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Galaxy Leader, ID#9237307.[dead link] ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#6817194. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hikawa Maru, ID#7380590.

References[edit]

Chida, Momohei; Davies, Peter (1990). The Japanese Shipping
Shipping
and Shipbuilding Industries: A History of their Modern Growth. London: Athlone Press. ISBN 978-0-485-11271-9. OCLC 20799046.  Jordan, Roger (2006). The World's Merchant Fleets, 1939: The Particulars And Wartime Fates of 6,000 Ships. pp. 257–261.  Kizu, Shigetoshi (1984). A 100 Years' History of the Ships of Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Tokyo: NYK. ISBN 978-4-905551-20-1. OCLC 16781302.  Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1935). The Nomenclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet. Tokyo: NYK. OCLC 27933596.  Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. pp. 515–517.  Wray, William D (1984). Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: Business Strategy in the Japanese Shipping
Shipping
Industry. Harvard: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-57665-0. OCLC 10825248. 

Further reading[edit]

Cook, Richard; Oleniuk, Marcus (2007). Around the World in 40 Feet, Two Hundred Days in the Life of a 40 ft NYK Shipping
Shipping
Container. WordAsia Publishing. ISBN 978-988-97392-3-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nippon Yusen.

Company website (in English) Regional website for NYK Group in Europe (in English) NYK Group official history NYK Group vessels at The Ships List Menus c.1900 & others from various Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
oceanliners NY K Line
K Line
RORO

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 165956761 ISNI: 0000 0001 2197 9981 GND: 5055922-9 SUDOC: 029636973 BNF: cb12122042f (data) NLA: 3572

.
NYK Line


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JP¥ 2,401 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 20.1 billion) (FY 2014)

Net income

JP¥ 47.5 billion(FY 2014) (US$ 395.8 million) (FY 2014)

Number of employees

33,520 (as of March 31, 2015)

Website Official website

Footnotes / references [1][2][3][4]

NY K Line
K Line
container

NYK Maritime Museum
NYK Maritime Museum
and NYK's Yokohama
Yokohama
branch

Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha (日本郵船株式会社, Nippon Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan
Japan
Mail Shipping
Shipping
Line or NYK Line)[1] is one of the oldest and largest shipping companies in the world. It is a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu. The company has its headquarters in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Japan
and a fleet of about 800 ships, that includes container ships, tankers, bulk and woodchip carriers, Ro-Ro car carriers, reefer vessels, LNG carrier
LNG carrier
and cruise ships.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1870-1900 1.2 1900-1950 1.3 Selected ships 1.4 1950-present 1.5 2016

2 Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division 3 Selected ships in post-war fleet 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links 9 Image gallery

History[edit] 1870-1900[edit] The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as the renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shokai, the company inaugurated Japan's first passenger liner service, with a route from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Shanghai; and in that same year, the company name was changed to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Mail Steamship Company. In 1885, a merger with Kyodo Unyu Kaisha (founded 1882) led to the adoption of the company's present name.[5] The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide, with a line service to London
London
being inaugurated in 1899.[5] 1900-1950[edit] The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked Kobe
Kobe
and Yokohama
Yokohama
with South America, Batavia, Melbourne, Cape Town; and frequent crossings to San Francisco
San Francisco
and Seattle. Other routes connected local Chinese cabotage vessels on the Chinese coasts and upper Yangtze. Ocean routes went east from Japan
Japan
to Vancouver
Vancouver
(Canada) or Seattle. Another way was to stop in Hawaii, and continue to San Francisco
San Francisco
and the Panama Canal. The next commercial routes were south from Japan, across the East China Sea. These went to South East Asia, the China coasts, and towards India and the Indian Ocean, to Europe or Batavia (Dutch Indies), or Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. The fastest services took ten days from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Seattle, and one month to Europe. Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe
Kobe
and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from Moji to Osaka and Yokohama. Karafuto
Karafuto
timber represented a third part of local trade. Soy bean
Soy bean
products from Dairen
Dairen
and Ryojun
Ryojun
arrived at Yokohama. The sugar cane of the South Pacific Mandate
South Pacific Mandate
and Formosa, cotton, salt and minerals represented other important parts of these transport transactions. In 1926 Toyo Kisen Line
Toyo Kisen Line
(TKK), with its fleet of nine ships, merged with NYK. The current funnel livery was introduced in 1929. The company also ran services connecting metropolitan Japan
Japan
to its exterior provinces (Chosen, Karafuto, Kwantung, Formosa and South Mandate) of the Empire. From 1924 all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships.[6] NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929 but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.[7] In World War II the NY K Line
K Line
provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific.[8] Before the war NYK had 36 passenger ships;[7] by the time of Japan's surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru, survived.[9] NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. SCAJAP requisitioned Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.[9] Selected ships[edit] The NYK fleet expanded in bursts, responding to changed economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.[10] Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise serial categories.[11] Some ships were named after Shinto
Shinto
shrines, and others were named after ancient provinces of Japan, cities of Japan, mountains of Japan
Japan
or islands of Japan. Some ships had explicitly non-Japanese names, such as ships named after cities. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Shinto
Shinto
shrines Chichibu Maru(1930).[12] Hie Maru (1930).[13][14] Heian Maru (1930).[13][15] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1930).[16] Kasuga Maru (1940).[13][17] Kitano Maru (1909).[18] Nitta Maru
Nitta Maru
(1939).[19] Tatsuta Maru
Tatsuta Maru
(1930).[13][20][21] Terukuni Maru (1930).[22] Yawata Maru
Yawata Maru
(1939)[23]

Provinces[24][25] Awa Maru (1899).[26][27] Awa Maru (1943).[28] Kaga Maru (19__).[29] Noto Maru (1934).[30][31] Tango Maru (1905).[13][32]

Mountains Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1929).[33][34] Maya Maru (1925).[35] Rokko Maru (1923).[35]

Cities Asuka Maru (1924).[36] Calcutta Maru (1917).[37] Dakar Maru (1920).[38] Durban Maru (1920).[39] Hakone Maru (1921)[40][41] Lima Maru (1920).[42] Lisbon Maru
Lisbon Maru
(1920).[43] Lyons Maru (1920).[44]

Miscellaneous Korea Maru (1901).[45] Kyushu Maru (1862).[11] Siberia Maru (1901).[46] Taiyo Maru
Taiyo Maru
(1911).[47] Toyama Maru (1915).[48] Yoshida Maru
Yoshida Maru
(1941).[49][50]

1950-present[edit]

Head office of NY K Line
K Line
(日本郵船) at Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

NYK Virgo

NYK vehicles carrier Galaxy Leader dockside at Bremerhaven in Germany (December 2006).

NYK vehicles carrier Rhea Leader

By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world. As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru on a route to California
California
in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports. NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States
United States
container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific. NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises. In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when MS Asuka entered service on the Japanese cruise market.[51][52] In 2006 Asuka was replaced by the much larger Asuka II, formerly Crystal Cruises' Crystal Harmony.[53][54] At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers, 78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about 55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27 countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK head office is based in Tokyo, and has regional headquarters in London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, and São Paulo. During the first decade of 2000s, NYK reached a remarkable position within the Liner ranking, as one of top twelve companies in the number of containers carried, number one RORO Carrier and one of the main player in LNG and break bulk transport fields, plus several awards for its cruise service quality. 2016[edit] On Monday, 31 October 2016, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Mitsui
Mitsui
OSK Lines and Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha agreed to merge their container shipping business via establishing a completely new joint venture company. The integration included their overseas terminal activities. The joint venture company operates under the name “Ocean Network Express”, with holding company offices in Tokyo, a global headquarter in Singapore and regional headquarters in United Kingdom (London), United States
United States
(Richmond, VA), Hong Kong, and Brazil (São Paulo).[55]The new company started its operations on 1st April 2018.[56] Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division[edit] NYK is also the world's largest Roll-on/roll-off
Roll-on/roll-off
ocean carrier. NYK's RORO fleet has a 660,000 car capacity which represents just over 17% of the global car transportation fleet capacity. Over 123 vessels are deployed worldwide transporting cars[57] manufactured in Japan, US, EU towards Asia, Middle East, North & South America[58], Australia, Africa and Europe. In addition to brand new cars, High and Heavy cargo (such as excavators, mobile cranes, new and used trucks and buses, trailers) and break bulk static pieces are carried all over the globe by NYK. Selected ships in post-war fleet[edit] The modern NYK fleet encompasses a variety of ship names.[11] Some names form series, as in those ships named after flowers, stars, star constellations, and provinces of pre-Meiji Japan. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Flowers ACX Cherry (1994)[59] ACX Hibiscus (1997)[59] ACX Jasmine (1996)[59] ACX Lily (1990)[59] ACX Magnolia (1998)[59] ACX Marguerite (1997)[59] ACX Salvia (1997)[59]

Stars NYK Altair (2010)[59] NYK Antares (1997)[59] NYK Canopus (1998)[59] NYK Deneb (2007)[59] NYK Rigel (2009)[59] NYK Sirius (1998)[59] NYK Vega
NYK Vega
(2006)[59]

Constellations Aries Leader (2014)[60] Auriga Leader
Auriga Leader
(2008)[61] Andromeda Leader (2007)[59] Apollon Leader (2007)[59] Cepheus Leader (2006) [59] NYK Leo (2002)[59] NYK Orion (2008)[59] NYK Pegasus (2003)[59] NYK Phoenix (2003)[59] NYK Virgo (2007)[59]

Provinces Iga Maru (1996)[59] Izu Maru (1997)[59] Izumo Maru (1997)[59] Kaga Maru (1988)[59] Sanuki Maru (1997)[59] Settsu Maru (1997)[59] Shima Maru (1997)[59]

Miscellaneous Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1954)[62] Astoria Maru (1952)[63] Galaxy Leader (2002)[64][65] Hakone Maru (1968)[66] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1974)[67] Zeus Leader (2009)[59]

Advertisement of Seattle, Washington sailings, March 1918

NYK vehicles carrier Apollon Leader

Procyon Leader

Pegasus Leader

The NYK liner Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
preserved at Naka-ku, Yokohama

Advertisement circa 1935

Advertisement circa 1930s

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Transport portal Nautical portal Companies portal Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner New Carissa Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner John Wilson

Notes[edit]

^ a b c "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Company Snapshot". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Financials". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ a b NYK: History. ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 516–517. ^ a b Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 515–516. ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history ^ a b Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter (1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here, since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead, the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899), Yamashiro Maru (1912) and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II and Yamashiro Maru III. ^ a b c ShipsList: NY K Line
K Line
fleet. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48. ^ a b c d e Jordan 2006, p. 258. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813. ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370. ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named after the shrine Kitano Tenmangū ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 50. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 39. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.  ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of Japan
Japan
or kunikyū class ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 8. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4004181[dead link]. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4049894. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 9. ^ Peterson, Rick. Noto Maru, Hell ship ^ Miramar Ship Index: Noto Maru, ID#4039723. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Tango Maru, ID#4009330. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 45. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#4035342. ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane 1931, Appendix, p. 3. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka Maru, ID#4030494. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Calcutta Maru, ID#4020373. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Dakar Maru, ID#4026933. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Durban Maru, ID#4026431. ^ Jordan 1931, p. 257 ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#4028453. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lima Maru, ID#4026947. ^ Sinking of Lisbon Maru; Miramar Ship Index: Lisbon Maru, ID#4027254. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lyons Maru, ID#4026949. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Korea Maru, ID#2161196. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Siberia Maru, ID #2117179. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48-49. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Toyama Maru, ID#4018180. ^ ShipHistory: Yoshida Maru, April 26, 1944; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yoshida Maru, ID#4048724. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Asuka". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on January 1, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka, ID#8913162. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Crystal Harmony (1990)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Crystal Harmony, ID#8806204. ^ https://theloadstar.co.uk/creation-ocean-network-express-will-turning-point-nyk-says-president/ ^ http://splash247.com/japans-big-three-lines-christen-new-merged-container-entity-ocean-network-express/ ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/automobiles/around-the-world-with-5500-cars.html ^ https://worldmaritimenews.com/archives/205927/nyk-starts-south-america-roro-service-from-port-everglades/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad NYK: fleet list ^ New Car Carrier Aries Leader Delivered ^ NYK- Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Joint Project: The World First Solar-Powered Ship Sails ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#5026499. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Astoria Maru, ID#5027572. ^ ShipPhotos, NYK: ship at Southampton, 2006; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Galaxy Leader, ID#9237307.[dead link] ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#6817194. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hikawa Maru, ID#7380590.

References[edit]

Chida, Momohei; Davies, Peter (1990). The Japanese Shipping
Shipping
and Shipbuilding Industries: A History of their Modern Growth. London: Athlone Press. ISBN 978-0-485-11271-9. OCLC 20799046.  Jordan, Roger (2006). The World's Merchant Fleets, 1939: The Particulars And Wartime Fates of 6,000 Ships. pp. 257–261.  Kizu, Shigetoshi (1984). A 100 Years' History of the Ships of Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Tokyo: NYK. ISBN 978-4-905551-20-1. OCLC 16781302.  Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1935). The Nomenclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet. Tokyo: NYK. OCLC 27933596.  Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. pp. 515–517.  Wray, William D (1984). Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: Business Strategy in the Japanese Shipping
Shipping
Industry. Harvard: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-57665-0. OCLC 10825248. 

Further reading[edit]

Cook, Richard; Oleniuk, Marcus (2007). Around the World in 40 Feet, Two Hundred Days in the Life of a 40 ft NYK Shipping
Shipping
Container. WordAsia Publishing. ISBN 978-988-97392-3-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nippon Yusen.

Company website (in English) Regional website for NYK Group in Europe (in English) NYK Group official history NYK Group vessels at The Ships List Menus c.1900 & others from various Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
oceanliners NY K Line
K Line
RORO

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 165956761 ISNI: 0000 0001 2197 9981 GND: 5055922-9 SUDOC: 029636973 BNF: cb12122042f (data) NLA: 3572

.
NYK Line


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JP¥ 2,401 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 20.1 billion) (FY 2014)

Net income

JP¥ 47.5 billion(FY 2014) (US$ 395.8 million) (FY 2014)

Number of employees

33,520 (as of March 31, 2015)

Website Official website

Footnotes / references [1][2][3][4]

NY K Line
K Line
container

NYK Maritime Museum
NYK Maritime Museum
and NYK's Yokohama
Yokohama
branch

Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha (日本郵船株式会社, Nippon Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan
Japan
Mail Shipping
Shipping
Line or NYK Line)[1] is one of the oldest and largest shipping companies in the world. It is a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu. The company has its headquarters in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Japan
and a fleet of about 800 ships, that includes container ships, tankers, bulk and woodchip carriers, Ro-Ro car carriers, reefer vessels, LNG carrier
LNG carrier
and cruise ships.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1870-1900 1.2 1900-1950 1.3 Selected ships 1.4 1950-present 1.5 2016

2 Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division 3 Selected ships in post-war fleet 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links 9 Image gallery

History[edit] 1870-1900[edit] The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as the renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shokai, the company inaugurated Japan's first passenger liner service, with a route from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Shanghai; and in that same year, the company name was changed to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Mail Steamship Company. In 1885, a merger with Kyodo Unyu Kaisha (founded 1882) led to the adoption of the company's present name.[5] The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide, with a line service to London
London
being inaugurated in 1899.[5] 1900-1950[edit] The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked Kobe
Kobe
and Yokohama
Yokohama
with South America, Batavia, Melbourne, Cape Town; and frequent crossings to San Francisco
San Francisco
and Seattle. Other routes connected local Chinese cabotage vessels on the Chinese coasts and upper Yangtze. Ocean routes went east from Japan
Japan
to Vancouver
Vancouver
(Canada) or Seattle. Another way was to stop in Hawaii, and continue to San Francisco
San Francisco
and the Panama Canal. The next commercial routes were south from Japan, across the East China Sea. These went to South East Asia, the China coasts, and towards India and the Indian Ocean, to Europe or Batavia (Dutch Indies), or Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. The fastest services took ten days from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Seattle, and one month to Europe. Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe
Kobe
and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from Moji to Osaka and Yokohama. Karafuto
Karafuto
timber represented a third part of local trade. Soy bean
Soy bean
products from Dairen
Dairen
and Ryojun
Ryojun
arrived at Yokohama. The sugar cane of the South Pacific Mandate
South Pacific Mandate
and Formosa, cotton, salt and minerals represented other important parts of these transport transactions. In 1926 Toyo Kisen Line
Toyo Kisen Line
(TKK), with its fleet of nine ships, merged with NYK. The current funnel livery was introduced in 1929. The company also ran services connecting metropolitan Japan
Japan
to its exterior provinces (Chosen, Karafuto, Kwantung, Formosa and South Mandate) of the Empire. From 1924 all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships.[6] NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929 but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.[7] In World War II the NY K Line
K Line
provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific.[8] Before the war NYK had 36 passenger ships;[7] by the time of Japan's surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru, survived.[9] NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. SCAJAP requisitioned Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.[9] Selected ships[edit] The NYK fleet expanded in bursts, responding to changed economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.[10] Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise serial categories.[11] Some ships were named after Shinto
Shinto
shrines, and others were named after ancient provinces of Japan, cities of Japan, mountains of Japan
Japan
or islands of Japan. Some ships had explicitly non-Japanese names, such as ships named after cities. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Shinto
Shinto
shrines Chichibu Maru(1930).[12] Hie Maru (1930).[13][14] Heian Maru (1930).[13][15] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1930).[16] Kasuga Maru (1940).[13][17] Kitano Maru (1909).[18] Nitta Maru
Nitta Maru
(1939).[19] Tatsuta Maru
Tatsuta Maru
(1930).[13][20][21] Terukuni Maru (1930).[22] Yawata Maru
Yawata Maru
(1939)[23]

Provinces[24][25] Awa Maru (1899).[26][27] Awa Maru (1943).[28] Kaga Maru (19__).[29] Noto Maru (1934).[30][31] Tango Maru (1905).[13][32]

Mountains Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1929).[33][34] Maya Maru (1925).[35] Rokko Maru (1923).[35]

Cities Asuka Maru (1924).[36] Calcutta Maru (1917).[37] Dakar Maru (1920).[38] Durban Maru (1920).[39] Hakone Maru (1921)[40][41] Lima Maru (1920).[42] Lisbon Maru
Lisbon Maru
(1920).[43] Lyons Maru (1920).[44]

Miscellaneous Korea Maru (1901).[45] Kyushu Maru (1862).[11] Siberia Maru (1901).[46] Taiyo Maru
Taiyo Maru
(1911).[47] Toyama Maru (1915).[48] Yoshida Maru
Yoshida Maru
(1941).[49][50]

1950-present[edit]

Head office of NY K Line
K Line
(日本郵船) at Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

NYK Virgo

NYK vehicles carrier Galaxy Leader dockside at Bremerhaven in Germany (December 2006).

NYK vehicles carrier Rhea Leader

By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world. As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru on a route to California
California
in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports. NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States
United States
container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific. NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises. In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when MS Asuka entered service on the Japanese cruise market.[51][52] In 2006 Asuka was replaced by the much larger Asuka II, formerly Crystal Cruises' Crystal Harmony.[53][54] At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers, 78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about 55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27 countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK head office is based in Tokyo, and has regional headquarters in London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, and São Paulo. During the first decade of 2000s, NYK reached a remarkable position within the Liner ranking, as one of top twelve companies in the number of containers carried, number one RORO Carrier and one of the main player in LNG and break bulk transport fields, plus several awards for its cruise service quality. 2016[edit] On Monday, 31 October 2016, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Mitsui
Mitsui
OSK Lines and Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha agreed to merge their container shipping business via establishing a completely new joint venture company. The integration included their overseas terminal activities. The joint venture company operates under the name “Ocean Network Express”, with holding company offices in Tokyo, a global headquarter in Singapore and regional headquarters in United Kingdom (London), United States
United States
(Richmond, VA), Hong Kong, and Brazil (São Paulo).[55]The new company started its operations on 1st April 2018.[56] Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division[edit] NYK is also the world's largest Roll-on/roll-off
Roll-on/roll-off
ocean carrier. NYK's RORO fleet has a 660,000 car capacity which represents just over 17% of the global car transportation fleet capacity. Over 123 vessels are deployed worldwide transporting cars[57] manufactured in Japan, US, EU towards Asia, Middle East, North & South America[58], Australia, Africa and Europe. In addition to brand new cars, High and Heavy cargo (such as excavators, mobile cranes, new and used trucks and buses, trailers) and break bulk static pieces are carried all over the globe by NYK. Selected ships in post-war fleet[edit] The modern NYK fleet encompasses a variety of ship names.[11] Some names form series, as in those ships named after flowers, stars, star constellations, and provinces of pre-Meiji Japan. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Flowers ACX Cherry (1994)[59] ACX Hibiscus (1997)[59] ACX Jasmine (1996)[59] ACX Lily (1990)[59] ACX Magnolia (1998)[59] ACX Marguerite (1997)[59] ACX Salvia (1997)[59]

Stars NYK Altair (2010)[59] NYK Antares (1997)[59] NYK Canopus (1998)[59] NYK Deneb (2007)[59] NYK Rigel (2009)[59] NYK Sirius (1998)[59] NYK Vega
NYK Vega
(2006)[59]

Constellations Aries Leader (2014)[60] Auriga Leader
Auriga Leader
(2008)[61] Andromeda Leader (2007)[59] Apollon Leader (2007)[59] Cepheus Leader (2006) [59] NYK Leo (2002)[59] NYK Orion (2008)[59] NYK Pegasus (2003)[59] NYK Phoenix (2003)[59] NYK Virgo (2007)[59]

Provinces Iga Maru (1996)[59] Izu Maru (1997)[59] Izumo Maru (1997)[59] Kaga Maru (1988)[59] Sanuki Maru (1997)[59] Settsu Maru (1997)[59] Shima Maru (1997)[59]

Miscellaneous Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1954)[62] Astoria Maru (1952)[63] Galaxy Leader (2002)[64][65] Hakone Maru (1968)[66] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1974)[67] Zeus Leader (2009)[59]

Advertisement of Seattle, Washington sailings, March 1918

NYK vehicles carrier Apollon Leader

Procyon Leader

Pegasus Leader

The NYK liner Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
preserved at Naka-ku, Yokohama

Advertisement circa 1935

Advertisement circa 1930s

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Transport portal Nautical portal Companies portal Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner New Carissa Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner John Wilson

Notes[edit]

^ a b c "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Company Snapshot". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Financials". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ a b NYK: History. ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 516–517. ^ a b Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 515–516. ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history ^ a b Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter (1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here, since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead, the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899), Yamashiro Maru (1912) and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II and Yamashiro Maru III. ^ a b c ShipsList: NY K Line
K Line
fleet. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48. ^ a b c d e Jordan 2006, p. 258. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813. ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370. ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named after the shrine Kitano Tenmangū ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 50. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 39. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.  ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of Japan
Japan
or kunikyū class ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 8. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4004181[dead link]. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4049894. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 9. ^ Peterson, Rick. Noto Maru, Hell ship ^ Miramar Ship Index: Noto Maru, ID#4039723. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Tango Maru, ID#4009330. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 45. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#4035342. ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane 1931, Appendix, p. 3. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka Maru, ID#4030494. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Calcutta Maru, ID#4020373. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Dakar Maru, ID#4026933. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Durban Maru, ID#4026431. ^ Jordan 1931, p. 257 ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#4028453. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lima Maru, ID#4026947. ^ Sinking of Lisbon Maru; Miramar Ship Index: Lisbon Maru, ID#4027254. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lyons Maru, ID#4026949. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Korea Maru, ID#2161196. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Siberia Maru, ID #2117179. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48-49. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Toyama Maru, ID#4018180. ^ ShipHistory: Yoshida Maru, April 26, 1944; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yoshida Maru, ID#4048724. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Asuka". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on January 1, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka, ID#8913162. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Crystal Harmony (1990)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Crystal Harmony, ID#8806204. ^ https://theloadstar.co.uk/creation-ocean-network-express-will-turning-point-nyk-says-president/ ^ http://splash247.com/japans-big-three-lines-christen-new-merged-container-entity-ocean-network-express/ ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/automobiles/around-the-world-with-5500-cars.html ^ https://worldmaritimenews.com/archives/205927/nyk-starts-south-america-roro-service-from-port-everglades/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad NYK: fleet list ^ New Car Carrier Aries Leader Delivered ^ NYK- Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Joint Project: The World First Solar-Powered Ship Sails ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#5026499. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Astoria Maru, ID#5027572. ^ ShipPhotos, NYK: ship at Southampton, 2006; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Galaxy Leader, ID#9237307.[dead link] ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#6817194. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hikawa Maru, ID#7380590.

References[edit]

Chida, Momohei; Davies, Peter (1990). The Japanese Shipping
Shipping
and Shipbuilding Industries: A History of their Modern Growth. London: Athlone Press. ISBN 978-0-485-11271-9. OCLC 20799046.  Jordan, Roger (2006). The World's Merchant Fleets, 1939: The Particulars And Wartime Fates of 6,000 Ships. pp. 257–261.  Kizu, Shigetoshi (1984). A 100 Years' History of the Ships of Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Tokyo: NYK. ISBN 978-4-905551-20-1. OCLC 16781302.  Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1935). The Nomenclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet. Tokyo: NYK. OCLC 27933596.  Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. pp. 515–517.  Wray, William D (1984). Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: Business Strategy in the Japanese Shipping
Shipping
Industry. Harvard: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-57665-0. OCLC 10825248. 

Further reading[edit]

Cook, Richard; Oleniuk, Marcus (2007). Around the World in 40 Feet, Two Hundred Days in the Life of a 40 ft NYK Shipping
Shipping
Container. WordAsia Publishing. ISBN 978-988-97392-3-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nippon Yusen.

Company website (in English) Regional website for NYK Group in Europe (in English) NYK Group official history NYK Group vessels at The Ships List Menus c.1900 & others from various Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
oceanliners NY K Line
K Line
RORO

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 165956761 ISNI: 0000 0001 2197 9981 GND: 5055922-9 SUDOC: 029636973 BNF: cb12122042f (data) NLA: 3572

.
NYK Line


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JP¥ 2,401 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 20.1 billion) (FY 2014)

Net income

JP¥ 47.5 billion(FY 2014) (US$ 395.8 million) (FY 2014)

Number of employees

33,520 (as of March 31, 2015)

Website Official website

Footnotes / references [1][2][3][4]

NY K Line
K Line
container

NYK Maritime Museum
NYK Maritime Museum
and NYK's Yokohama
Yokohama
branch

Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha (日本郵船株式会社, Nippon Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan
Japan
Mail Shipping
Shipping
Line or NYK Line)[1] is one of the oldest and largest shipping companies in the world. It is a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu. The company has its headquarters in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Japan
and a fleet of about 800 ships, that includes container ships, tankers, bulk and woodchip carriers, Ro-Ro car carriers, reefer vessels, LNG carrier
LNG carrier
and cruise ships.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1870-1900 1.2 1900-1950 1.3 Selected ships 1.4 1950-present 1.5 2016

2 Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division 3 Selected ships in post-war fleet 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links 9 Image gallery

History[edit] 1870-1900[edit] The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as the renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shokai, the company inaugurated Japan's first passenger liner service, with a route from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Shanghai; and in that same year, the company name was changed to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Mail Steamship Company. In 1885, a merger with Kyodo Unyu Kaisha (founded 1882) led to the adoption of the company's present name.[5] The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide, with a line service to London
London
being inaugurated in 1899.[5] 1900-1950[edit] The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked Kobe
Kobe
and Yokohama
Yokohama
with South America, Batavia, Melbourne, Cape Town; and frequent crossings to San Francisco
San Francisco
and Seattle. Other routes connected local Chinese cabotage vessels on the Chinese coasts and upper Yangtze. Ocean routes went east from Japan
Japan
to Vancouver
Vancouver
(Canada) or Seattle. Another way was to stop in Hawaii, and continue to San Francisco
San Francisco
and the Panama Canal. The next commercial routes were south from Japan, across the East China Sea. These went to South East Asia, the China coasts, and towards India and the Indian Ocean, to Europe or Batavia (Dutch Indies), or Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. The fastest services took ten days from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Seattle, and one month to Europe. Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe
Kobe
and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from Moji to Osaka and Yokohama. Karafuto
Karafuto
timber represented a third part of local trade. Soy bean
Soy bean
products from Dairen
Dairen
and Ryojun
Ryojun
arrived at Yokohama. The sugar cane of the South Pacific Mandate
South Pacific Mandate
and Formosa, cotton, salt and minerals represented other important parts of these transport transactions. In 1926 Toyo Kisen Line
Toyo Kisen Line
(TKK), with its fleet of nine ships, merged with NYK. The current funnel livery was introduced in 1929. The company also ran services connecting metropolitan Japan
Japan
to its exterior provinces (Chosen, Karafuto, Kwantung, Formosa and South Mandate) of the Empire. From 1924 all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships.[6] NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929 but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.[7] In World War II the NY K Line
K Line
provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific.[8] Before the war NYK had 36 passenger ships;[7] by the time of Japan's surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru, survived.[9] NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. SCAJAP requisitioned Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.[9] Selected ships[edit] The NYK fleet expanded in bursts, responding to changed economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.[10] Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise serial categories.[11] Some ships were named after Shinto
Shinto
shrines, and others were named after ancient provinces of Japan, cities of Japan, mountains of Japan
Japan
or islands of Japan. Some ships had explicitly non-Japanese names, such as ships named after cities. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Shinto
Shinto
shrines Chichibu Maru(1930).[12] Hie Maru (1930).[13][14] Heian Maru (1930).[13][15] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1930).[16] Kasuga Maru (1940).[13][17] Kitano Maru (1909).[18] Nitta Maru
Nitta Maru
(1939).[19] Tatsuta Maru
Tatsuta Maru
(1930).[13][20][21] Terukuni Maru (1930).[22] Yawata Maru
Yawata Maru
(1939)[23]

Provinces[24][25] Awa Maru (1899).[26][27] Awa Maru (1943).[28] Kaga Maru (19__).[29] Noto Maru (1934).[30][31] Tango Maru (1905).[13][32]

Mountains Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1929).[33][34] Maya Maru (1925).[35] Rokko Maru (1923).[35]

Cities Asuka Maru (1924).[36] Calcutta Maru (1917).[37] Dakar Maru (1920).[38] Durban Maru (1920).[39] Hakone Maru (1921)[40][41] Lima Maru (1920).[42] Lisbon Maru
Lisbon Maru
(1920).[43] Lyons Maru (1920).[44]

Miscellaneous Korea Maru (1901).[45] Kyushu Maru (1862).[11] Siberia Maru (1901).[46] Taiyo Maru
Taiyo Maru
(1911).[47] Toyama Maru (1915).[48] Yoshida Maru
Yoshida Maru
(1941).[49][50]

1950-present[edit]

Head office of NY K Line
K Line
(日本郵船) at Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

NYK Virgo

NYK vehicles carrier Galaxy Leader dockside at Bremerhaven in Germany (December 2006).

NYK vehicles carrier Rhea Leader

By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world. As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru on a route to California
California
in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports. NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States
United States
container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific. NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises. In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when MS Asuka entered service on the Japanese cruise market.[51][52] In 2006 Asuka was replaced by the much larger Asuka II, formerly Crystal Cruises' Crystal Harmony.[53][54] At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers, 78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about 55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27 countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK head office is based in Tokyo, and has regional headquarters in London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, and São Paulo. During the first decade of 2000s, NYK reached a remarkable position within the Liner ranking, as one of top twelve companies in the number of containers carried, number one RORO Carrier and one of the main player in LNG and break bulk transport fields, plus several awards for its cruise service quality. 2016[edit] On Monday, 31 October 2016, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Mitsui
Mitsui
OSK Lines and Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha agreed to merge their container shipping business via establishing a completely new joint venture company. The integration included their overseas terminal activities. The joint venture company operates under the name “Ocean Network Express”, with holding company offices in Tokyo, a global headquarter in Singapore and regional headquarters in United Kingdom (London), United States
United States
(Richmond, VA), Hong Kong, and Brazil (São Paulo).[55]The new company started its operations on 1st April 2018.[56] Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division[edit] NYK is also the world's largest Roll-on/roll-off
Roll-on/roll-off
ocean carrier. NYK's RORO fleet has a 660,000 car capacity which represents just over 17% of the global car transportation fleet capacity. Over 123 vessels are deployed worldwide transporting cars[57] manufactured in Japan, US, EU towards Asia, Middle East, North & South America[58], Australia, Africa and Europe. In addition to brand new cars, High and Heavy cargo (such as excavators, mobile cranes, new and used trucks and buses, trailers) and break bulk static pieces are carried all over the globe by NYK. Selected ships in post-war fleet[edit] The modern NYK fleet encompasses a variety of ship names.[11] Some names form series, as in those ships named after flowers, stars, star constellations, and provinces of pre-Meiji Japan. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Flowers ACX Cherry (1994)[59] ACX Hibiscus (1997)[59] ACX Jasmine (1996)[59] ACX Lily (1990)[59] ACX Magnolia (1998)[59] ACX Marguerite (1997)[59] ACX Salvia (1997)[59]

Stars NYK Altair (2010)[59] NYK Antares (1997)[59] NYK Canopus (1998)[59] NYK Deneb (2007)[59] NYK Rigel (2009)[59] NYK Sirius (1998)[59] NYK Vega
NYK Vega
(2006)[59]

Constellations Aries Leader (2014)[60] Auriga Leader
Auriga Leader
(2008)[61] Andromeda Leader (2007)[59] Apollon Leader (2007)[59] Cepheus Leader (2006) [59] NYK Leo (2002)[59] NYK Orion (2008)[59] NYK Pegasus (2003)[59] NYK Phoenix (2003)[59] NYK Virgo (2007)[59]

Provinces Iga Maru (1996)[59] Izu Maru (1997)[59] Izumo Maru (1997)[59] Kaga Maru (1988)[59] Sanuki Maru (1997)[59] Settsu Maru (1997)[59] Shima Maru (1997)[59]

Miscellaneous Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1954)[62] Astoria Maru (1952)[63] Galaxy Leader (2002)[64][65] Hakone Maru (1968)[66] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1974)[67] Zeus Leader (2009)[59]

Advertisement of Seattle, Washington sailings, March 1918

NYK vehicles carrier Apollon Leader

Procyon Leader

Pegasus Leader

The NYK liner Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
preserved at Naka-ku, Yokohama

Advertisement circa 1935

Advertisement circa 1930s

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Transport portal Nautical portal Companies portal Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner New Carissa Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner John Wilson

Notes[edit]

^ a b c "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Company Snapshot". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Financials". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ a b NYK: History. ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 516–517. ^ a b Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 515–516. ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history ^ a b Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter (1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here, since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead, the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899), Yamashiro Maru (1912) and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II and Yamashiro Maru III. ^ a b c ShipsList: NY K Line
K Line
fleet. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48. ^ a b c d e Jordan 2006, p. 258. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813. ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370. ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named after the shrine Kitano Tenmangū ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 50. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 39. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.  ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of Japan
Japan
or kunikyū class ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 8. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4004181[dead link]. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4049894. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 9. ^ Peterson, Rick. Noto Maru, Hell ship ^ Miramar Ship Index: Noto Maru, ID#4039723. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Tango Maru, ID#4009330. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 45. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#4035342. ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane 1931, Appendix, p. 3. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka Maru, ID#4030494. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Calcutta Maru, ID#4020373. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Dakar Maru, ID#4026933. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Durban Maru, ID#4026431. ^ Jordan 1931, p. 257 ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#4028453. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lima Maru, ID#4026947. ^ Sinking of Lisbon Maru; Miramar Ship Index: Lisbon Maru, ID#4027254. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lyons Maru, ID#4026949. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Korea Maru, ID#2161196. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Siberia Maru, ID #2117179. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48-49. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Toyama Maru, ID#4018180. ^ ShipHistory: Yoshida Maru, April 26, 1944; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yoshida Maru, ID#4048724. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Asuka". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on January 1, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka, ID#8913162. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Crystal Harmony (1990)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Crystal Harmony, ID#8806204. ^ https://theloadstar.co.uk/creation-ocean-network-express-will-turning-point-nyk-says-president/ ^ http://splash247.com/japans-big-three-lines-christen-new-merged-container-entity-ocean-network-express/ ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/automobiles/around-the-world-with-5500-cars.html ^ https://worldmaritimenews.com/archives/205927/nyk-starts-south-america-roro-service-from-port-everglades/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad NYK: fleet list ^ New Car Carrier Aries Leader Delivered ^ NYK- Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Joint Project: The World First Solar-Powered Ship Sails ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#5026499. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Astoria Maru, ID#5027572. ^ ShipPhotos, NYK: ship at Southampton, 2006; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Galaxy Leader, ID#9237307.[dead link] ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#6817194. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hikawa Maru, ID#7380590.

References[edit]

Chida, Momohei; Davies, Peter (1990). The Japanese Shipping
Shipping
and Shipbuilding Industries: A History of their Modern Growth. London: Athlone Press. ISBN 978-0-485-11271-9. OCLC 20799046.  Jordan, Roger (2006). The World's Merchant Fleets, 1939: The Particulars And Wartime Fates of 6,000 Ships. pp. 257–261.  Kizu, Shigetoshi (1984). A 100 Years' History of the Ships of Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Tokyo: NYK. ISBN 978-4-905551-20-1. OCLC 16781302.  Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1935). The Nomenclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet. Tokyo: NYK. OCLC 27933596.  Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. pp. 515–517.  Wray, William D (1984). Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: Business Strategy in the Japanese Shipping
Shipping
Industry. Harvard: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-57665-0. OCLC 10825248. 

Further reading[edit]

Cook, Richard; Oleniuk, Marcus (2007). Around the World in 40 Feet, Two Hundred Days in the Life of a 40 ft NYK Shipping
Shipping
Container. WordAsia Publishing. ISBN 978-988-97392-3-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nippon Yusen.

Company website (in English) Regional website for NYK Group in Europe (in English) NYK Group official history NYK Group vessels at The Ships List Menus c.1900 & others from various Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
oceanliners NY K Line
K Line
RORO

Image gallery[edit]

NYK Aphrodite

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& Co. Mitsui
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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 165956761 ISNI: 0000 0001 2197 9981 GND: 5055922-9 SUDOC: 029636973 BNF: cb12122042f (data) NLA: 3572

.
l> NYK Line


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JP¥ 2,401 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 20.1 billion) (FY 2014)

Net income

JP¥ 47.5 billion(FY 2014) (US$ 395.8 million) (FY 2014)

Number of employees

33,520 (as of March 31, 2015)

Website Official website

Footnotes / references [1][2][3][4]

NY K Line
K Line
container

NYK Maritime Museum
NYK Maritime Museum
and NYK's Yokohama
Yokohama
branch

Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha (日本郵船株式会社, Nippon Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha, Japan
Japan
Mail Shipping
Shipping
Line or NYK Line)[1] is one of the oldest and largest shipping companies in the world. It is a member of the Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
keiretsu. The company has its headquarters in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan
Japan
and a fleet of about 800 ships, that includes container ships, tankers, bulk and woodchip carriers, Ro-Ro car carriers, reefer vessels, LNG carrier
LNG carrier
and cruise ships.[1]

Contents

1 History

1.1 1870-1900 1.2 1900-1950 1.3 Selected ships 1.4 1950-present 1.5 2016

2 Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division 3 Selected ships in post-war fleet 4 See also 5 Notes 6 References 7 Further reading 8 External links 9 Image gallery

History[edit] 1870-1900[edit] The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as the renamed Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Shokai, the company inaugurated Japan's first passenger liner service, with a route from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Shanghai; and in that same year, the company name was changed to Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
Mail Steamship Company. In 1885, a merger with Kyodo Unyu Kaisha (founded 1882) led to the adoption of the company's present name.[5] The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide, with a line service to London
London
being inaugurated in 1899.[5] 1900-1950[edit] The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked Kobe
Kobe
and Yokohama
Yokohama
with South America, Batavia, Melbourne, Cape Town; and frequent crossings to San Francisco
San Francisco
and Seattle. Other routes connected local Chinese cabotage vessels on the Chinese coasts and upper Yangtze. Ocean routes went east from Japan
Japan
to Vancouver
Vancouver
(Canada) or Seattle. Another way was to stop in Hawaii, and continue to San Francisco
San Francisco
and the Panama Canal. The next commercial routes were south from Japan, across the East China Sea. These went to South East Asia, the China coasts, and towards India and the Indian Ocean, to Europe or Batavia (Dutch Indies), or Australia
Australia
and New Zealand. The fastest services took ten days from Yokohama
Yokohama
to Seattle, and one month to Europe. Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign trade). Yokohama, Kobe
Kobe
and Osaka had the greatest importance for trading with Japan. These ports had the third, fourth and eighth place in net tonnage registered in the world. Coal passed from Moji to Osaka and Yokohama. Karafuto
Karafuto
timber represented a third part of local trade. Soy bean
Soy bean
products from Dairen
Dairen
and Ryojun
Ryojun
arrived at Yokohama. The sugar cane of the South Pacific Mandate
South Pacific Mandate
and Formosa, cotton, salt and minerals represented other important parts of these transport transactions. In 1926 Toyo Kisen Line
Toyo Kisen Line
(TKK), with its fleet of nine ships, merged with NYK. The current funnel livery was introduced in 1929. The company also ran services connecting metropolitan Japan
Japan
to its exterior provinces (Chosen, Karafuto, Kwantung, Formosa and South Mandate) of the Empire. From 1924 all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships.[6] NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929 but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.[7] In World War II the NY K Line
K Line
provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific.[8] Before the war NYK had 36 passenger ships;[7] by the time of Japan's surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru, survived.[9] NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations, or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. SCAJAP requisitioned Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.[9] Selected ships[edit] The NYK fleet expanded in bursts, responding to changed economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.[10] Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise serial categories.[11] Some ships were named after Shinto
Shinto
shrines, and others were named after ancient provinces of Japan, cities of Japan, mountains of Japan
Japan
or islands of Japan. Some ships had explicitly non-Japanese names, such as ships named after cities. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Shinto
Shinto
shrines Chichibu Maru(1930).[12] Hie Maru (1930).[13][14] Heian Maru (1930).[13][15] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1930).[16] Kasuga Maru (1940).[13][17] Kitano Maru (1909).[18] Nitta Maru
Nitta Maru
(1939).[19] Tatsuta Maru
Tatsuta Maru
(1930).[13][20][21] Terukuni Maru (1930).[22] Yawata Maru
Yawata Maru
(1939)[23]

Provinces[24][25] Awa Maru (1899).[26][27] Awa Maru (1943).[28] Kaga Maru (19__).[29] Noto Maru (1934).[30][31] Tango Maru (1905).[13][32]

Mountains Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1929).[33][34] Maya Maru (1925).[35] Rokko Maru (1923).[35]

Cities Asuka Maru (1924).[36] Calcutta Maru (1917).[37] Dakar Maru (1920).[38] Durban Maru (1920).[39] Hakone Maru (1921)[40][41] Lima Maru (1920).[42] Lisbon Maru
Lisbon Maru
(1920).[43] Lyons Maru (1920).[44]

Miscellaneous Korea Maru (1901).[45] Kyushu Maru (1862).[11] Siberia Maru (1901).[46] Taiyo Maru
Taiyo Maru
(1911).[47] Toyama Maru (1915).[48] Yoshida Maru
Yoshida Maru
(1941).[49][50]

1950-present[edit]

Head office of NY K Line
K Line
(日本郵船) at Marunouchi, Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan

NYK Virgo

NYK vehicles carrier Galaxy Leader dockside at Bremerhaven in Germany (December 2006).

NYK vehicles carrier Rhea Leader

By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world. As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru on a route to California
California
in 1968 and soon establishing container ship routes to many other ports. NYK became a partner in Nippon Cargo Airlines in 1978, and in 1985, added United States
United States
container train service in cooperation with Southern Pacific. NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises. In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when MS Asuka entered service on the Japanese cruise market.[51][52] In 2006 Asuka was replaced by the much larger Asuka II, formerly Crystal Cruises' Crystal Harmony.[53][54] At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers, 78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about 55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27 countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK head office is based in Tokyo, and has regional headquarters in London, New York, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Sydney, and São Paulo. During the first decade of 2000s, NYK reached a remarkable position within the Liner ranking, as one of top twelve companies in the number of containers carried, number one RORO Carrier and one of the main player in LNG and break bulk transport fields, plus several awards for its cruise service quality. 2016[edit] On Monday, 31 October 2016, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Mitsui
Mitsui
OSK Lines and Nippon Yusen
Nippon Yusen
Kabushiki Kaisha agreed to merge their container shipping business via establishing a completely new joint venture company. The integration included their overseas terminal activities. The joint venture company operates under the name “Ocean Network Express”, with holding company offices in Tokyo, a global headquarter in Singapore and regional headquarters in United Kingdom (London), United States
United States
(Richmond, VA), Hong Kong, and Brazil (São Paulo).[55]The new company started its operations on 1st April 2018.[56] Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division[edit] NYK is also the world's largest Roll-on/roll-off
Roll-on/roll-off
ocean carrier. NYK's RORO fleet has a 660,000 car capacity which represents just over 17% of the global car transportation fleet capacity. Over 123 vessels are deployed worldwide transporting cars[57] manufactured in Japan, US, EU towards Asia, Middle East, North & South America[58], Australia, Africa and Europe. In addition to brand new cars, High and Heavy cargo (such as excavators, mobile cranes, new and used trucks and buses, trailers) and break bulk static pieces are carried all over the globe by NYK. Selected ships in post-war fleet[edit] The modern NYK fleet encompasses a variety of ship names.[11] Some names form series, as in those ships named after flowers, stars, star constellations, and provinces of pre-Meiji Japan. This is a dynamic list and may never be able to satisfy particular standards for completeness. You can help by expanding it with reliably sourced entries.

Flowers ACX Cherry (1994)[59] ACX Hibiscus (1997)[59] ACX Jasmine (1996)[59] ACX Lily (1990)[59] ACX Magnolia (1998)[59] ACX Marguerite (1997)[59] ACX Salvia (1997)[59]

Stars NYK Altair (2010)[59] NYK Antares (1997)[59] NYK Canopus (1998)[59] NYK Deneb (2007)[59] NYK Rigel (2009)[59] NYK Sirius (1998)[59] NYK Vega
NYK Vega
(2006)[59]

Constellations Aries Leader (2014)[60] Auriga Leader
Auriga Leader
(2008)[61] Andromeda Leader (2007)[59] Apollon Leader (2007)[59] Cepheus Leader (2006) [59] NYK Leo (2002)[59] NYK Orion (2008)[59] NYK Pegasus (2003)[59] NYK Phoenix (2003)[59] NYK Virgo (2007)[59]

Provinces Iga Maru (1996)[59] Izu Maru (1997)[59] Izumo Maru (1997)[59] Kaga Maru (1988)[59] Sanuki Maru (1997)[59] Settsu Maru (1997)[59] Shima Maru (1997)[59]

Miscellaneous Asama Maru
Asama Maru
(1954)[62] Astoria Maru (1952)[63] Galaxy Leader (2002)[64][65] Hakone Maru (1968)[66] Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
(1974)[67] Zeus Leader (2009)[59]

Advertisement of Seattle, Washington sailings, March 1918

NYK vehicles carrier Apollon Leader

Procyon Leader

Pegasus Leader

The NYK liner Hikawa Maru
Hikawa Maru
preserved at Naka-ku, Yokohama

Advertisement circa 1935

Advertisement circa 1930s

See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Transport portal Nautical portal Companies portal Tokyo
Tokyo
portal

Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner New Carissa Terukuni Maru-class ocean liner John Wilson

Notes[edit]

^ a b c "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Company Snapshot". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ "Financials". Bloomberg L.P.
Bloomberg L.P.
Retrieved September 14, 2015.  ^ a b NYK: History. ^ Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 516–517. ^ a b Talbot-Booth 1942, pp. 515–516. ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history ^ a b Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter (1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.  ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here, since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead, the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899), Yamashiro Maru (1912) and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II and Yamashiro Maru III. ^ a b c ShipsList: NY K Line
K Line
fleet. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48. ^ a b c d e Jordan 2006, p. 258. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813. ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370. ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named after the shrine Kitano Tenmangū ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 50. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 39. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.  ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of Japan
Japan
or kunikyū class ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 8. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4004181[dead link]. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Awa Maru, ID#4049894. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 9. ^ Peterson, Rick. Noto Maru, Hell ship ^ Miramar Ship Index: Noto Maru, ID#4039723. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Tango Maru, ID#4009330. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 45. ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#4035342. ^ a b Ponsonby-Fane 1931, Appendix, p. 3. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka Maru, ID#4030494. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Calcutta Maru, ID#4020373. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Dakar Maru, ID#4026933. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Durban Maru, ID#4026431. ^ Jordan 1931, p. 257 ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#4028453. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lima Maru, ID#4026947. ^ Sinking of Lisbon Maru; Miramar Ship Index: Lisbon Maru, ID#4027254. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Lyons Maru, ID#4026949. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Korea Maru, ID#2161196. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Siberia Maru, ID #2117179. ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931, p. 48-49. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Toyama Maru, ID#4018180. ^ ShipHistory: Yoshida Maru, April 26, 1944; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yoshida Maru, ID#4048724. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Asuka". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on January 1, 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asuka, ID#8913162. ^ Asklander, Micke. "M/S Crystal Harmony (1990)". Fakta om Fartyg (in Swedish). Archived from the original on 29 July 2012. Retrieved 7 July 2009.  ^ Miramar Ship Index: Crystal Harmony, ID#8806204. ^ https://theloadstar.co.uk/creation-ocean-network-express-will-turning-point-nyk-says-president/ ^ http://splash247.com/japans-big-three-lines-christen-new-merged-container-entity-ocean-network-express/ ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/15/automobiles/around-the-world-with-5500-cars.html ^ https://worldmaritimenews.com/archives/205927/nyk-starts-south-america-roro-service-from-port-everglades/ ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad NYK: fleet list ^ New Car Carrier Aries Leader Delivered ^ NYK- Nippon Oil
Nippon Oil
Joint Project: The World First Solar-Powered Ship Sails ^ Miramar Ship Index: Asama Maru, ID#5026499. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Astoria Maru, ID#5027572. ^ ShipPhotos, NYK: ship at Southampton, 2006; ^ Miramar Ship Index: Galaxy Leader, ID#9237307.[dead link] ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hakone Maru, ID#6817194. ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hikawa Maru, ID#7380590.

References[edit]

Chida, Momohei; Davies, Peter (1990). The Japanese Shipping
Shipping
and Shipbuilding Industries: A History of their Modern Growth. London: Athlone Press. ISBN 978-0-485-11271-9. OCLC 20799046.  Jordan, Roger (2006). The World's Merchant Fleets, 1939: The Particulars And Wartime Fates of 6,000 Ships. pp. 257–261.  Kizu, Shigetoshi (1984). A 100 Years' History of the Ships of Nippon Yusen Kaisha. Tokyo: NYK. ISBN 978-4-905551-20-1. OCLC 16781302.  Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1935). The Nomenclature of the N.Y.K. Fleet. Tokyo: NYK. OCLC 27933596.  Talbot-Booth, E.C. (1942) [1936]. Ships and the Sea (Seventh ed.). London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd. pp. 515–517.  Wray, William D (1984). Mitsubishi
Mitsubishi
and the N.Y.K., 1870-1914: Business Strategy in the Japanese Shipping
Shipping
Industry. Harvard: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-57665-0. OCLC 10825248. 

Further reading[edit]

Cook, Richard; Oleniuk, Marcus (2007). Around the World in 40 Feet, Two Hundred Days in the Life of a 40 ft NYK Shipping
Shipping
Container. WordAsia Publishing. ISBN 978-988-97392-3-2. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nippon Yusen.

Company website (in English) Regional website for NYK Group in Europe (in English) NYK Group official history NYK Group vessels at The Ships List Menus c.1900 & others from various Nippon Yusen
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v t e

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v t e

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Current companies

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 165956761 ISNI: 0000 0001 2197 9981 GND: 5055922-9 SUDOC: 029636973 BNF: cb12122042f (data) NLA: 3572

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