JP¥ 2,401 billion (FY 2014) (US$ 20.1 billion) (FY 2014)
JP¥ 47.5 billion(FY 2014) (US$ 395.8 million) (FY 2014)
NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 33,520 (as of March 31, 2015)
WEBSITE Official website
FOOTNOTES / REFERENCES
NIPPON YUSEN KABUSHIKI KAISHA (日本郵船株式会社, Nippon
Yūsen Kabushiki Kaisha,
* 1 History
* 1.1 1870-1900 * 1.2 1900-1950 * 1.3 Selected ships * 1.4 1950-present * 1.5 2016 * 1.6 2017
* 2 Specialized Pure Car and Truck Carrier ships - PCTC / RORO Division * 3 Selected ships in post-war fleet * 4 See also * 5 Notes * 6 References * 7 Further reading * 8 External links * 9 Image gallery
The company traces its history back to the Tsukumo Shokai Shipping
company founded by the Tosa clan in 1870. In 1875, as the renamed
The merged company had a fleet of 58 steamships and expanded its
operations rapidly, first to other Asian ports and then worldwide,
with a line service to
The majority of Japanese merchant ships, tankers and liners sailed
under the NYK banner in this period. Regular services linked
Ocean routes went east from
Local sea routes connected 78 home seaports (38 open to foreign
From 1924 all new cargo ships for NYK were motor ships . NYK introduced its first passenger motor ships in 1929 but continued to buy a mixture of steam and motor passenger ships until 1939.
In World War II the NY K Line provided military transport and hospital ships for the Imperial Japanese Army and Navy. Many vessels were sunk by the Allied navies, and installations and ports were attacked from the air. Only 37 NYK ships survived the war. The company lost 185 ships in support of military operations in the Pacific. Before the war NYK had 36 passenger ships; by the time of Japan\'s surrender only one, the motor ship Hikawa Maru , survived.
NYK's surviving vessels and equipment were confiscated by the Allied authorities as reparations , or taken by recently liberated Asian states in 1945-46. SCAJAP requisitioned Hikawa Maru as a transport ship to repatriate Japanese soldiers and civilians from territories that had been liberated from Japanese occupation.
The NYK fleet expanded in bursts, responding to changed economic conditions and perceived changes in the market for passenger liner travel. The evolution of the fleet mirrors some of those developments. In the following lists, the dates of maiden voyages are indicated with each ship's name.
Amongst the many ships in the early NYK fleet, some names comprise
serial categories. Some ships were named after
Shinto shrines, and
others were named after ancient provinces of
Shinto shrines Chichibu Maru (1930). Hie Maru (1930). Heian Maru (1930). Hikawa Maru (1930). Kasuga Maru (1940). Kitano Maru (1909). Nitta Maru (1939). Tatsuta Maru (1930). Terukuni Maru (1930). Yawata Maru (1939)
Provinces Awa Maru (1899). Awa Maru (1943). Kaga Maru (19__). Noto Maru (1934). Tango Maru (1905).
Mountains Asama Maru (1929). Maya Maru (1925). Rokko Maru (1923).
Head office of NY
K Line (日本郵船) at Marunouchi, Chiyoda,
By the mid-1950s NYK ships were again seen around the world.
As the demand for passenger ships dwindled in the 1960s, NYK expanded
its cargo operation, running Japan's first container ship Hakone Maru
on a route to
NYK revived its passenger ship business in 1989 with cruise ships operated by its newly formed subsidiary Crystal Cruises .
In 1990 NYK resumed passenger services under its own name when MS Asuka entered service on the Japanese cruise market. In 2006 Asuka was replaced by the much larger Asuka II , formerly Crystal Cruises' Crystal Harmony.
At the end of March 2008, the NYK Group was operating about 776 major
ocean vessels, as well as fleets of planes, trains, and trucks. The
company's shipping fleet includes around 155 containerships, 286 bulk
carriers, 55 woodchip carriers, 113 car carriers, 21 reefer carriers,
78 tankers, 30 LNG carriers, and three cruise ships. NYK's revenue in
fiscal 2007 was about US$26 billion, and as a group NYK employs about
55,000 people worldwide. The company has offices in 240 places in 27
countries, warehouses on nearly every continent, and harbor operations
in Asia, North America, and Europe. NYK is based in
On Monday 31 October 2016, Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha,
Mitsui OSK Lines
The new joint venture company will operate under the name “Ocean
Network Express ”. Holding company office in Tokyo, global
headquarter in Singapore and regional headquarters in United Kingdom
SPECIALIZED PURE CAR AND TRUCK CARRIER SHIPS - PCTC / RORO DIVISION
NYK is also the world's largest
Flowers ACX Cherry (1994) ACX Hibiscus (1997) ACX Jasmine (1996) ACX Lily (1990) ACX Magnolia (1998) ACX Marguerite (1997) ACX Salvia (1997)
Stars NYK Altair (2010) NYK Antares (1997) NYK Canopus (1998) NYK Deneb (2007) NYK Rigel (2009) NYK Sirius (1998) NYK Vega (2006)
Constellations Aries Leader (2014) Auriga Leader (2008) Andromeda Leader (2007) Apollon Leader (2007) Cepheus Leader (2006) NYK Leo (2002) NYK Orion (2008) NYK Pegasus (2003) NYK Phoenix (2003) NYK Virgo (2007)
Provinces Iga Maru (1996) Izu Maru (1997) Izumo Maru (1997) Kaga Maru (1988) Sanuki Maru (1997) Settsu Maru (1997) Shima Maru (1997)
Advertisement of Seattle, Washington sailings, March 1918
NYK vehicles carrier Apollon Leader Procyon Leader
Pegasus Leader The NYK liner
Hikawa Maru preserved at Naka-ku,
* Hikawa Maru-class ocean liner
* ^ A B C "Corporate Profile". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14,
* ^ "Directors and Auditors". NYK Line. Retrieved September 14,
* ^ "Company Snapshot".
Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved September 14,
* ^ "Financials".
Bloomberg L.P. Retrieved September 14, 2015.
* ^ A B NYK: History.
* ^ Talbot-Booth 1942 , pp. 516–517.
* ^ A B Talbot-Booth 1942 , pp. 515–516.
* ^ NYK Europe: Europe: Corporate Profile, history
* ^ A B Hackett, Bob; Kingsepp, Sander; Cundall, Peter
(1998–2011). "IJN Hospital Ship Hikawa Maru: Tabular Record of
Movement". Japanese Hospital Ships. Retrieved 16 April 2013.
* ^ Although conventionally used today, unofficial names or
sobriquets like Yamashiro Maru II or Yamashiro III are not used here,
since each ship's official name was simply Yamashiro Maru. Instead,
the year of the ship's maiden voyage or year the vessel entered
service is used to tell the ships apart when names are repeated (as in
article names), hence Yamashiro Maru (1899) , Yamashiro Maru (1912)
and Yamashiro Maru (1963) — not Yamashiro Maru, Yamashiro Maru II
and Yamashiro Maru III.
* ^ A B C ShipsList: NY
K Line fleet.
* ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931 , p. 48.
* ^ A B C D E Jordan 2006 , p. 258.
* ^ Miramar Ship Index: Hie Maru, ID#4036219.
* ^ Miramar Ship Index: Heian Maru, ID#4036813.
* ^ Miramar Ship Index: HIkawa Maru, ID#4035370.
* ^ Miramar Ship Index: Kasuga Maru, ID#4035370.
* ^ N.Y.K. Line S. S. Kitano Maru, Einstein Archives Online, named
after the shrine
* ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Nitta Maru, ID#4046813.
* ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931 , p. 50.
* ^ Haworth, R.B. Miramar Ship Index: Tatsuta Maru, ID#4035362.
* ^ Ponsonby-Fane 1931 , p. 39.
* ^ Miramar Ship Index: Yawata Maru, ID#4047477.
* ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard (1964). Visiting Famous Shrines in
Japan. Kyoto: Kamikamo. p. 365.
* ^ N.b. NYK ships named after the former provinces of