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NRK
NRK
(an abbreviation of the Norwegian: Norsk rikskringkasting AS, generally expressed in English as the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation) is the Norwegian government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company, and the largest media organisation in Norway. NRK
NRK
broadcasts three national TV channels and three national radio channels on DVB-T, cable, satellite, IPTV and DAB. It also runs several digital radio stations. All NRK
NRK
radio stations can be heard on the website, NRK.no, which also offers an extensive TV service. NRK
NRK
is a founding member of the European Broadcasting
Broadcasting
Union.[3]

Contents

1 Financing 2 History

2.1 Organisation

3 Notable television programmes

3.1 NRK
NRK
productions 3.2 Other shows

4 Channels

4.1 Radio 4.2 Television 4.3 Regional broadcasting 4.4 FM radio switch-off

5 High definition 6 Website 7 Nicknames 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Financing[edit] 94% of NRK's funding comes from a mandatory annual license fee payable by anyone who owns or uses a TV or device capable of receiving TV broadcasts. The remainder comes from commercial activities such as programme and DVD sales, spin-off products and certain types of sponsorship. NRK's license income in 2012 was more than 5 billion kroner. In the autumn of 2015 the government announced that it planned to change the way NRK
NRK
is financed. This is in part a reaction to the decline of TV ownership in Norway. Some kind of "media charge" is planned, but it is not yet clear how such a system would work. The feeling is that the current license system is not sustainable in the long term. History[edit]

NRK
NRK
television tower in Trondheim

Kringkastningselskapet, a privately owned company and the predecessor of NRK, started regular radio broadcasts in Norway
Norway
in 1925. NRK
NRK
itself was founded in 1933. Based on a model similar to that of the BBC
BBC
and located in Oslo, it was a replacement for privately operated radio stations in larger cities. NRK
NRK
initially set out to cover the entire country and had a monopoly on broadcasting in Norway. The monopoly was gradually dissolved from 1975 onwards, resulting in the introduction of cable TV in 1982, regional TV channels and satellite TV in 1986 (culminating in the launch of TV3 in 1987 and TVNorge
TVNorge
in 1988) and the launch of the second free-to-air channel TV 2 in 1992. During the German occupation, Norwegian transmitters were used to broadcast German war propaganda to Northern Europe (particularly Scotland and the northern half of Ireland, where the sea path ensured a good signal) and Scandinavia. Prior to the German occupation, NRK
NRK
had also been partly financed by radio commercials. NRK
NRK
was one of 23 founding broadcasting organisations of the European Broadcasting
Broadcasting
Union, which was founded in 1950. In 1954, NRK
NRK
started broadcasting television shows, on a trial basis. Regular broadcasts started in 1960. NRK
NRK
was the last of the major European public broadcasters to introduce a second radio station,[citation needed] officially starting as late as 1984. In 1993 NRK
NRK
launched a third radio station, the youth-oriented P3. A 24-hour station for classical music, Alltid Klassisk (now called " NRK
NRK
Klassisk"), introduced in 1995, was the first of its kind to be broadcast digitally using DAB. The 24-hour news station Alltid Nyheter started in 1997, followed by a radio station for teenagers, mP3, in 2000, which mostly plays dance music. In 1996, a second television channel, NRK2, was launched. The original television channel is now known as NRK1. On 3 September 2007 NRK launched its third channel: a youth channel called NRK3. Later that year, on 1 December, NRK
NRK
launched its fourth television channel, NRK Super, which is aimed at children. NRK3
NRK3
and NRK Super
NRK Super
share the same channel, with NRK Super
NRK Super
broadcasting from 06:00 to 19:30 and NRK3
NRK3
from 19:30 to 06:00. In 1999, following NRK
NRK
Interaktiv's relaunch as NRK.no, NRK
NRK
introduced a new corporate logo which similar to its predecessor. The new corporate logo made its first appearance in an ident in 2000 by making its overhaul to NRK's radio and television channels. A traditional music radio station, NRK
NRK
Alltid folkemusikk (now known as " NRK
NRK
Folkemusikk") was launched in 2004 on DAB and internet radio.

Broadcasting
Broadcasting
House, one of the main buildings at NRK
NRK
headquarters at Marienlyst, Oslo

NRK's international radio transmissions, known as Utenlandssendingen, began shortwave transmission in 1948. Initially broadcasting in Norwegian, English-language programs were added later. The service was discontinued on 1 January 2002. All NRK
NRK
broadcasting activities on shortwave ceased on 1 January 2004. NRK's mediumwave transmitter at Kvitsøy
Kvitsøy
on 1314 kHz used to be widely heard internationally and was one of the most commonly heard trans-Atlantic DX signals in eastern North America. The frequency carried a mixture of NRK's radio channels P1 and P2, and was called Europakanalen (literally "The Europe Channel"). However, these mediumwave transmissions were discontinued on 1 July 2006. All of NRK's radio stations are now available on the internet. Several of NRK's television programmes are also available on the internet. On 16 April 2015, the Norwegian Ministry of Culture announced its intention to eventually switch off all FM transmitters in the country, with the first such transmitter expected to be switched off on 11 January 2017, therefore making Norway
Norway
the first country in the world to completely transition to digital radio. According to the Ministry of Culture, the decision was justified because transmitting through the FM network was 8 times more expensive than transmitting through DAB, and also because there are only 5 national radio stations transmitting on FM, compared to the 42 digital radio stations allocated in Norway, with 22 stations transmitting on the latter. NRK Radio
Radio
is expected to transition from FM to digital radio before commercial radio stations do likewise.[4][5][6] NRK
NRK
Television
Television
still holds the strongest position in number of viewers, though the competition from TV 2 is getting tougher. NRK
NRK
claims to have the longest running radio show, Lørdagsbarnetimen (lit. The Saturday Children's Hour), running since 20 December 1924. In recent years, the network has shown itself to be the leading producer of original comedy shows in Norway, with such notable successes as Lille Lørdag, Åpen Post, Uti vår hage and Team Antonsen, centered on the comedians Harald Eia
Harald Eia
and Bård Tufte Johansen. Organisation[edit]

Entrance to Television
Television
House, another building at NRK's headquarters

The CEO began major organisational changes in 2008, with the aim of creating a more agile NRK, while still adhering to the principles of the broadcaster-producer model introduced in January 2001.[citation needed] By January 2009 the number of programme-producing divisions had been reduced from five to three, separated more along geographical than functional lines, and at the same time simplifying trading in the internal market.[citation needed] The programme producing divisions are:

Marienlyst
Marienlyst
covering all facilities in Oslo Distrikt, encompassing all regional offices and with their headquarters in Trondheim Sami, the producer of Sámi
Sámi
programmes situated in Karasjok

Thor Gjermund Eriksen has been Director-General of the Norwegian Broadcasting
Broadcasting
Corporation since 12 March 2013.[7] The previous directors were Olav Midttun (1934–1947, except during the Nazi occupation), Kaare Fostervoll (1948–1962), Hans Jacob Ustvedt (1962–1971), Torolf Elster
Torolf Elster
(1972–1981), Bjartmar Gjerde (1981–1988), Einar Førde (1989–2001), John G. Bernander (2001–2007)[8] and Hans-Tore Bjerkaas
Hans-Tore Bjerkaas
(2007-2012) The chairman of the board is William Nygaard, Annika Biørnstad heads the broadcasting department, and the head of the news department is Stein Bjøntegård. In 2010, NRK
NRK
employed 3 490 people.[9] Notable television programmes[edit] NRK
NRK
productions[edit]

Dagsnytt Atten Dagsrevyen Melodi Grand Prix
Melodi Grand Prix
(The Norwegian national selection for Eurovision Song Contest) Nytt på nytt Skam Skavlan
Skavlan
and Først & sist Urix

Other shows[edit]

Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
1986, Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
1996 and Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest
2010 Slow television

Channels[edit] Radio[edit]

NRK P1
NRK P1
1 NRK P2
NRK P2
1 NRK P3
NRK P3
1 NRK
NRK
mP3 a, b NRK Alltid nyheter
NRK Alltid nyheter
a, b

NRK Super
NRK Super
b NRK P1+
NRK P1+
b NRK P13 b NRK Sápmi
NRK Sápmi
a NRK Sport
NRK Sport
d

NRK Folkemusikk
NRK Folkemusikk
b NRK Jazz
NRK Jazz
b NRK Klassisk
NRK Klassisk
a b

1 All FM broadcast by NRK
NRK
radio will close during 2017, to be replaced by Internet and DAB + only a Available on FM in only some parts of the country b DAB, DVB-T
DVB-T
and internet radio

c DAB only d Internet radio
Internet radio
only

Television[edit]

NRK1 NRK2 NRK3
NRK3
/ NRK
NRK
Super

Regional broadcasting[edit] Main article: List of NRK
NRK
regional services NRK
NRK
has 12 regional offices around Norway. Each office has its own broadcasts on both television (on NRK
NRK
1) and radio (on NRK
NRK
P1), as well their own news sites on the internet. They also contribute news coverage to national news programmes. NRK's headquarters are at Marienlyst
Marienlyst
in Oslo
Oslo
and Tyholt
Tyholt
in Trondheim. FM radio switch-off[edit] See also: Digital audio broadcasting
Digital audio broadcasting
§ FM radio switch-off Norway
Norway
is the first country that has announced a complete switch-off of national FM radio stations, including NRK P1
NRK P1
with regional services, NRK P2
NRK P2
and NRK
NRK
P3, NRK
NRK
mP3 and NRK
NRK
Alltid Nyheter. Switch off will start on 11 January 2017, and ends in 13 December 2017.[10] High definition[edit] NRK
NRK
has an HD outside broadcast van, producing high-definition video.[11] The first Norwegian series filmed in HD was En Udødelig Mann ("An Immortal Man") about the young Henrik Ibsen. The action six-part miniseries called Kodenavn Hunter was also filmed in HD. Promotional videos are freely downloadable from NRK's site, and the full-length last episode is available.[12] NRK
NRK
uses H.264
H.264
as the compression codec for the digital terrestrial network also known as MPEG4.[13] NRK
NRK
has also started to offer HD content via BitTorrent. This is currently a very limited offer due to rights restrictions, but it's growing steadily.[14] In preparation for the Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games
in Vancouver, NRK announced that they would launch a high-definition channel, and their first native HD broadcast would be from Vancouver. NRK1
NRK1
HD is a simulcast of NRK1.[15] Website[edit] Its website, nrk.no, has had an online presence supporting its TV and radio programmes and web-only initiatives since 1996. Its development had started in 1995. It is the second most-visited Norwegian website, surpassed only by the website of the country's leading tabloid, Verdens Gang.[citation needed] Nicknames[edit] Among its nicknames are "Krinken" and "ARK".[16] See also[edit]

Norway
Norway
portal Eurovision portal

List of Norwegian-language radio stations List of Norwegian television channels List of NRK
NRK
regional services List of programs broadcast by Norsk rikskringkasting NORMOB yr.no

References[edit]

^ " NRK
NRK
fyller 80 år" (in Norwegian). nrk.no. 2013-06-29. Retrieved 2015-08-10.  ^ "Slik er NRK
NRK
organisert" (in Norwegian). nrk.no. Retrieved 2015-03-18.  ^ "about NRK
NRK
- information in other languages". Nrk.no. Retrieved 2014-05-17.  ^ " Norway
Norway
announces nationwide FM radio shut-off". Venturebeat. Retrieved 2015-04-26.  ^ " Norway
Norway
will lead the effort to switch off FM radio". Engadget. Retrieved 2015-04-26.  ^ "FM radio switch-off looms in Norway". BBC
BBC
News. Retrieved 2015-04-26.  ^ Nina Berglund: New NRK
NRK
boss gets down to work Views and News from Norway, 12 March 2012 ^ "Kringkastingssjefene - Om NRK
NRK
- Organisasjon". Nrk.no. Retrieved 2014-05-17.  ^ "Antall ansatte i NRK
NRK
- Medienorge - fakta om norske massemedier - statistikkmeny" (in Norwegian). Medienorge. 2006-09-18. Retrieved 2014-05-17.  ^ "Norveška ukinja FM-radio". Val 202.  ^ "Skandinavias mest avanserte". Nordic Media Festival. Archived from the original on 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-08-15.  ^ "Hunter - NRK". 20.nrk.no. Archived from the original on 2013-10-27. Retrieved 2014-05-17.  ^ "Overgangen til digitalt bakkenett – Norges televisjon (NTV)". Ntv.no. Retrieved 2014-05-17.  ^ "NRKBeta - Bittorrent (Norwegian)". Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2009-04-24.  ^ " NRK1
NRK1
i HD fra 12. February 2010 (Norwegian)". Norwegian Broadcasting
Broadcasting
Corporation. Retrieved 2010-02-09.  ^ "En indremedisinsk operasjon - VG". Vg.no. 2013-09-17. Retrieved 2014-05-17. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Norsk rikskringkasting.

Official website (in Norwegian) About NRK
NRK
(in English) NRK's History in Brief (in English) NRK's Channels (in English) Television
Television
schedules Radio
Radio
schedules, Internet radio yr.no: Online
Online
weather service (in Norwegian) & (in English) ut.no: Hiking trails and cabins (in Norwegian)

v t e

Norwegian Broadcasting
Broadcasting
Corporation

Television

NRK1 NRK2 NRK3 NRK
NRK
Super NRK1
NRK1
Tegnspråk

TV programs

List of some TV programs on NRK

NRK
NRK
Archive

Dagsrevyen
Dagsrevyen
(News) Foreign news magazine

Radio

NRK
NRK
P1 NRK
NRK
P2 NRK
NRK
P3 NRK
NRK
P1+ NRK
NRK
P13 NRK
NRK
mP3 NRK
NRK
Alltid nyheter NRK
NRK
Folkemusikk NRK
NRK
Jazz NRK
NRK
Klassisk NRK
NRK
Sport NRK
NRK
P3s National Rap Show NRK P3
NRK P3
Pyro NRK
NRK
Sápmi NRK P3
NRK P3
Radioresepsjonen NRK P3
NRK P3
Urørt NRK
NRK
Radio
Radio
Super

Defunct

NRK
NRK
Gull NRK
NRK
5.1 NRK P1
NRK P1
Oslofjord NRK
NRK
Stortinget

Other

Broadcasting
Broadcasting
Council Director-General Broadcasting
Broadcasting
House Television
Television
House Regional Broadcasts Sports News Norkring Norges Televisjon RiksTV Radioteatret Radio
Radio
Orchestra NRK
NRK
aktivum YR.no (weather forecast) UT.no

v t e

Members of the European Broadcasting
Broadcasting
Union

Active members

Current

ARD ARMR ARMTV BBC BHRT BNR BNT BTRC C1R Canal+ CLT/RTL COPE ČRo ČT CyBC DR E1 ENRS ENTV ERR ERSL ERT ERTT ERTU France 24 FTV GPB HRT İTV JRTV LNC LR LRT LTV M6 MCD MRT FI/MTV MTVA NPO NRK NTU ORF PBS PR Radio
Radio
France RAI RDO RFI RMC ROR RTBF RTCG RTÉ RTP RTS RTSH RTVA RTVE RTVS RTVSLO RÚV SER SMTV SNRT SR SRG SSR SVT TDA TF1 TG4 TL TMC (French) TRM TV2 (DK) TV2 (NO) TV4 TVP TVR TRT UA:PBC UKIB UR VGTRK VR VRT Yle ZDF

Applicants

1FLTV 2M TV IPBC KRTC QR RTK

Former

IBA JRT LJBC MR MTV NERIT SRo STV TMC (Italian) UJRT

Associate members and approved participants

Associate

ABC (Australia) ABC (United States) All India Radio APM Bayrak Canal 13 (Chile) CBC/SRC CBS CCTV Fuji TV/JOCX-DTV ICRT IRIB JBA KA KBS La7 MBC Mediaset NBAB NBC NHK NPR ORTAS PARTSO RB RNZ RTHK RTM SABC SBS TBS/JORX-DTV TEME TFM/JOAU-FM TVC/FPA TVM (Mauritania) TVNZ WFMT WGBH WNYC-FM/NYPR

Approved

3sat Arte Abertis
Abertis
Telecom CAT Euronews JPMRD RTRN TV5Monde

v t e

Nordvision

Members

NRK DR RÚV SVT Yle

Associate members

KNR Kringvarp Føroya Sveriges Radio Sveriges Utbildningsradio

v t e

Companies wholly owned by the Government of Norway

Airport Express Train Argentum BaneService Electronic Chart Centre Gassco Kings Bay Mesta Norwegian Broadcasting
Broadcasting
Corporation Norsk Tipping Norway
Norway
Post Norwegian State Railways Petoro Secora SIVA Statkraft Statnett Store Norske Uninett Vinmonopolet

List of Norwegian government enterprises

Coordinates: 59°56′6.21″N 10°43′6.79″E / 59.9350583°N 10.7185528°E / 59.9

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