NRK (an abbreviation of the Norwegian: Norsk rikskringkasting AS,
generally expressed in English as the Norwegian Broadcasting
Corporation) is the Norwegian government-owned radio and television
public broadcasting company, and the largest media organisation in
NRK broadcasts three national TV channels and three national
radio channels on DVB-T, cable, satellite, IPTV and DAB. It also runs
several digital radio stations. All
NRK radio stations can be heard on
the website, NRK.no, which also offers an extensive TV service.
a founding member of the European
3 Notable television programmes
3.2 Other shows
4.3 Regional broadcasting
4.4 FM radio switch-off
5 High definition
8 See also
10 External links
94% of NRK's funding comes from a mandatory annual license fee payable
by anyone who owns or uses a TV or device capable of receiving TV
broadcasts. The remainder comes from commercial activities such as
programme and DVD sales, spin-off products and certain types of
sponsorship. NRK's license income in 2012 was more than 5 billion
kroner. In the autumn of 2015 the government announced that it planned
to change the way
NRK is financed. This is in part a reaction to the
decline of TV ownership in Norway. Some kind of "media charge" is
planned, but it is not yet clear how such a system would work. The
feeling is that the current license system is not sustainable in the
NRK television tower in Trondheim
Kringkastningselskapet, a privately owned company and the predecessor
of NRK, started regular radio broadcasts in
Norway in 1925.
was founded in 1933. Based on a model similar to that of the
located in Oslo, it was a replacement for privately operated radio
stations in larger cities.
NRK initially set out to cover the entire
country and had a monopoly on broadcasting in Norway. The monopoly was
gradually dissolved from 1975 onwards, resulting in the introduction
of cable TV in 1982, regional TV channels and satellite TV in 1986
(culminating in the launch of TV3 in 1987 and
TVNorge in 1988) and the
launch of the second free-to-air channel TV 2 in 1992.
During the German occupation, Norwegian transmitters were used to
broadcast German war propaganda to Northern Europe (particularly
Scotland and the northern half of Ireland, where the sea path ensured
a good signal) and Scandinavia.
Prior to the German occupation,
NRK had also been partly financed by
NRK was one of 23 founding broadcasting organisations of the European
Broadcasting Union, which was founded in 1950. In 1954,
broadcasting television shows, on a trial basis. Regular broadcasts
started in 1960.
NRK was the last of the major European public broadcasters to
introduce a second radio station, officially starting
as late as 1984. In 1993
NRK launched a third radio station, the
youth-oriented P3. A 24-hour station for classical music, Alltid
Klassisk (now called "
NRK Klassisk"), introduced in 1995, was the
first of its kind to be broadcast digitally using DAB. The 24-hour
news station Alltid Nyheter started in 1997, followed by a radio
station for teenagers, mP3, in 2000, which mostly plays dance music.
In 1996, a second television channel, NRK2, was launched. The original
television channel is now known as NRK1. On 3 September 2007 NRK
launched its third channel: a youth channel called NRK3. Later that
year, on 1 December,
NRK launched its fourth television channel, NRK
Super, which is aimed at children.
NRK Super share the same
NRK Super broadcasting from 06:00 to 19:30 and
19:30 to 06:00.
In 1999, following
NRK Interaktiv's relaunch as NRK.no,
a new corporate logo which similar to its predecessor. The new
corporate logo made its first appearance in an ident in 2000 by making
its overhaul to NRK's radio and television channels.
A traditional music radio station,
NRK Alltid folkemusikk (now known
NRK Folkemusikk") was launched in 2004 on DAB and internet radio.
Broadcasting House, one of the main buildings at
NRK headquarters at
NRK's international radio transmissions, known as Utenlandssendingen,
began shortwave transmission in 1948. Initially broadcasting in
Norwegian, English-language programs were added later. The service was
discontinued on 1 January 2002. All
NRK broadcasting activities on
shortwave ceased on 1 January 2004. NRK's mediumwave transmitter at
Kvitsøy on 1314 kHz used to be widely heard internationally and was
one of the most commonly heard trans-Atlantic DX signals in eastern
North America. The frequency carried a mixture of NRK's radio channels
P1 and P2, and was called Europakanalen (literally "The Europe
Channel"). However, these mediumwave transmissions were discontinued
on 1 July 2006.
All of NRK's radio stations are now available on the internet. Several
of NRK's television programmes are also available on the internet.
On 16 April 2015, the Norwegian Ministry of Culture announced its
intention to eventually switch off all FM transmitters in the country,
with the first such transmitter expected to be switched off on 11
January 2017, therefore making
Norway the first country in the world
to completely transition to digital radio. According to the Ministry
of Culture, the decision was justified because transmitting through
the FM network was 8 times more expensive than transmitting through
DAB, and also because there are only 5 national radio stations
transmitting on FM, compared to the 42 digital radio stations
allocated in Norway, with 22 stations transmitting on the latter. NRK
Radio is expected to transition from FM to digital radio before
commercial radio stations do likewise.
Television still holds the strongest position in number of
viewers, though the competition from TV 2 is getting tougher.
NRK claims to have the longest running radio show, Lørdagsbarnetimen
(lit. The Saturday Children's Hour), running since 20 December 1924.
In recent years, the network has shown itself to be the leading
producer of original comedy shows in Norway, with such notable
successes as Lille Lørdag, Åpen Post, Uti vår hage and Team
Antonsen, centered on the comedians
Harald Eia and Bård Tufte
Television House, another building at NRK's headquarters
The CEO began major organisational changes in 2008, with the aim of
creating a more agile NRK, while still adhering to the principles of
the broadcaster-producer model introduced in January 2001.[citation
needed] By January 2009 the number of programme-producing divisions
had been reduced from five to three, separated more along geographical
than functional lines, and at the same time simplifying trading in the
internal market. The programme producing divisions
Marienlyst covering all facilities in Oslo
Distrikt, encompassing all regional offices and with their
headquarters in Trondheim
Sami, the producer of
Sámi programmes situated in Karasjok
Thor Gjermund Eriksen has been Director-General of the Norwegian
Broadcasting Corporation since 12 March 2013. The previous
Olav Midttun (1934–1947, except during the Nazi
Kaare Fostervoll (1948–1962), Hans Jacob Ustvedt
Torolf Elster (1972–1981), Bjartmar Gjerde
Einar Førde (1989–2001), John G. Bernander
Hans-Tore Bjerkaas (2007-2012)
The chairman of the board is William Nygaard,
Annika Biørnstad heads
the broadcasting department, and the head of the news department is
Stein Bjøntegård. In 2010,
NRK employed 3 490 people.
Notable television programmes
Melodi Grand Prix
Melodi Grand Prix (The Norwegian national selection for Eurovision
Nytt på nytt
Skavlan and Først & sist
Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest 1986,
Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest 1996 and
Eurovision Song Contest
Eurovision Song Contest 2010
NRK P1 1
NRK P2 1
NRK P3 1
NRK mP3 a, b
NRK Alltid nyheter
NRK Alltid nyheter a, b
NRK Super b
NRK P1+ b
NRK P13 b
NRK Sápmi a
NRK Sport d
NRK Folkemusikk b
NRK Jazz b
NRK Klassisk a b
1 All FM broadcast by
NRK radio will close during 2017, to be replaced
by Internet and DAB + only
a Available on FM in only some parts of the country
DVB-T and internet radio
c DAB only
Internet radio only
Main article: List of
NRK regional services
NRK has 12 regional offices around Norway. Each office has its own
broadcasts on both television (on
NRK 1) and radio (on
NRK P1), as
well their own news sites on the internet. They also contribute news
coverage to national news programmes. NRK's headquarters are at
Tyholt in Trondheim.
FM radio switch-off
Digital audio broadcasting
Digital audio broadcasting § FM radio switch-off
Norway is the first country that has announced a complete switch-off
of national FM radio stations, including
NRK P1 with regional
NRK P2 and
NRK mP3 and
NRK Alltid Nyheter. Switch
off will start on 11 January 2017, and ends in 13 December 2017.
NRK has an HD outside broadcast van, producing high-definition
video. The first Norwegian series filmed in HD was En Udødelig
Mann ("An Immortal Man") about the young Henrik Ibsen. The action
six-part miniseries called Kodenavn Hunter was also filmed in HD.
Promotional videos are freely downloadable from NRK's site, and the
full-length last episode is available.
H.264 as the compression codec for the digital terrestrial
network also known as MPEG4.
NRK has also started to offer HD content via BitTorrent. This is
currently a very limited offer due to rights restrictions, but it's
In preparation for the
Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games in Vancouver, NRK
announced that they would launch a high-definition channel, and their
first native HD broadcast would be from Vancouver.
NRK1 HD is a
simulcast of NRK1.
Its website, nrk.no, has had an online presence supporting its TV and
radio programmes and web-only initiatives since 1996. Its development
had started in 1995. It is the second most-visited Norwegian website,
surpassed only by the website of the country's leading tabloid,
Verdens Gang.
Among its nicknames are "Krinken" and "ARK".
List of Norwegian-language radio stations
List of Norwegian television channels
NRK regional services
List of programs broadcast by Norsk rikskringkasting
NRK fyller 80 år" (in Norwegian). nrk.no. 2013-06-29. Retrieved
^ "Slik er
NRK organisert" (in Norwegian). nrk.no. Retrieved
NRK - information in other languages". Nrk.no. Retrieved
Norway announces nationwide FM radio shut-off". Venturebeat.
Norway will lead the effort to switch off FM radio". Engadget.
^ "FM radio switch-off looms in Norway".
BBC News. Retrieved
^ Nina Berglund: New
NRK boss gets down to work Views and News from
Norway, 12 March 2012
^ "Kringkastingssjefene - Om
NRK - Organisasjon". Nrk.no. Retrieved
^ "Antall ansatte i
NRK - Medienorge - fakta om norske massemedier -
statistikkmeny" (in Norwegian). Medienorge. 2006-09-18. Retrieved
^ "Norveška ukinja FM-radio". Val 202.
^ "Skandinavias mest avanserte". Nordic Media Festival. Archived from
the original on 2007-08-10. Retrieved 2007-08-15.
^ "Hunter - NRK". 20.nrk.no. Archived from the original on 2013-10-27.
^ "Overgangen til digitalt bakkenett – Norges televisjon (NTV)".
Ntv.no. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
^ "NRKBeta - Bittorrent (Norwegian)". Norwegian Broadcasting
Corporation. Retrieved 2009-04-24.
NRK1 i HD fra 12. February 2010 (Norwegian)". Norwegian
Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 2010-02-09.
^ "En indremedisinsk operasjon - VG". Vg.no. 2013-09-17. Retrieved
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Norsk rikskringkasting.
Official website (in Norwegian)
NRK (in English)
NRK's History in Brief (in English)
NRK's Channels (in English)
Radio schedules, Internet radio
Online weather service (in Norwegian) & (in English)
ut.no: Hiking trails and cabins (in Norwegian)
List of some TV programs on NRK
Foreign news magazine
NRK Alltid nyheter
NRK P3s National Rap Show
NRK P3 Pyro
NRK P3 Radioresepsjonen
NRK P3 Urørt
NRK P1 Oslofjord
YR.no (weather forecast)
Members of the European
Associate members and
ABC (United States)
All India Radio
Canal 13 (Chile)
Companies wholly owned by the Government of Norway
Airport Express Train
Electronic Chart Centre
Norwegian State Railways
List of Norwegian government enterprises
Coordinates: 59°56′6.21″N 10°43′6.79″E / 59.9350583°N
10.7185528°E / 59.9