NATIONAL PUBLIC RADIO (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as NPR) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization that serves as a national syndicator to a network of 900 public radio stations in the United States.
NPR produces and distributes news and cultural programming. Individual public radio stations are not required to broadcast all NPR programs that are produced. Most public radio stations broadcast a mixture of NPR programs, content from rival providers American Public Media , Public Radio International , Public Radio Exchange and WNYC Studios and locally produced programs. NPR's flagships are two drive time news broadcasts, _ Morning Edition _ and the afternoon _All Things Considered _; both are carried by most NPR member stations, and are two of the most popular radio programs in the country.
NPR manages the Public Radio Satellite System , which distributes NPR programs and other programming from independent producers and networks such as American Public Media and Public Radio International. Its content is also available on-demand via the web, mobile, and podcasts.
* 1 Name
* 2 History
* 2.1 1970s * 2.2 1980s * 2.3 1990s * 2.4 2000s * 2.5 2010s
* 3 Governance
* 4 Funding
* 4.1 Underwriting spots vs. commercials
* 5 Audience
* 6 Digital media
* 6.1 NPR One
* 7 Programming
* 7.1 Programs produced by NPR
* 7.1.1 News and public affairs programs * 7.1.2 Storytelling and cultural programming * 7.1.3 Music programming
* 7.2 Programs distributed by NPR
* 7.2.1 News and public affairs * 7.2.2 Storytelling and cultural programming * 7.2.3 Music programming
* 8 Controversies
* 8.1 Allegations of ideological bias * 8.2 Euphemisms * 8.3 _Live from Death Row_ commentaries * 8.4 Juan Williams comments * 8.5 Ronald Schiller comments * 8.6 July 4th Tweets of the Declaration of Independence
* 9 See also * 10 References * 11 Books * 12 Further reading * 13 External links
The organization's legal name is _National Public Radio_ and its trademarked brand is _NPR_; it is known by both names. In June 2010, the organization announced that it was "making a conscious effort to consistently refer to ourselves as NPR on-air and online" because NPR is the common name for the organization and the tag line "This ... is NPR" has been used by its radio hosts for many years. However, _National Public Radio_ remains the legal name of the group, as it has been for more than 45 years.
National Public Radio replaced the National Educational Radio Network on February 26, 1970, following Congressional passage of the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967 . This act was signed into law by 36th President Lyndon B. Johnson , and established the Corporation for Public Broadcasting , which also created the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) for television in addition to NPR. A CPB organizing committee under John Witherspoon first created a Board of Directors chaired by Bernard Mayes .
The board then hired Donald Quayle to be the first president of NPR with 30 employees and 90 charter member local stations, and studios in Washington, D.C.
NPR aired its first broadcast in April 20, 1971, covering United States Senate hearings on the ongoing Vietnam War in Southeast Asia . A month later, the afternoon drive-time newscast _All Things Considered _ began, on May 3, 1971, first hosted by Robert Conley . NPR was primarily a production and distribution organization until 1977, when it merged with the Association of Public Radio Stations .
NPR suffered an almost fatal setback in 1983 when efforts to expand services created a deficit of nearly US$7 million. After a Congressional investigation and the resignation of NPR's then president, Frank Mankiewicz , the Corporation for Public Broadcasting agreed to lend the network money in order to stave off bankruptcy. In exchange, NPR agreed to a new arrangement whereby the annual CPB stipend that it had previously received directly would be divided among local stations instead; in turn, those stations would support NPR productions on a subscription basis. NPR also agreed to turn its satellite service into a cooperative venture (the Public Radio Satellite System ), making it possible for non- NPR shows to get national distribution. It took NPR approximately three years to pay off the debt. 1990s logo
On December 10, 2008, NPR announced that it would reduce its workforce by 7% and cancel the news programs _ Day to Day _ and _News "> NPR's former headquarters at 635 Massachusetts Avenue NW in Washington, D.C. (demolished in 2013) The new NPR sign at 1111 North Capital St, NE.
In October 2010, NPR accepted a $1.8 million grant from the Open Society Institute . The grant is meant to begin a project called Impact of Government that was intended to add at least 100 journalists at NPR member radio stations in all 50 states by 2013. The OSI has made previous donations, but does not take on air credit for its gifts.
In April 2013, NPR moved from its home of 19 years (635 Massachusetts Avenue NW) to new offices and production facilities at 1111 North Capitol Street NE in a building adapted from the former C have at least five full-time professional employees; operate for at least 18 hours per day; and not be designed solely to further a religious broadcasting philosophy or be used for classroom distance learning programming. Each member station receives one vote at the annual NPR board meetings—exercised by its designated Authorized Station Representative ("A-Rep").
To oversee the day-to-day operations and prepare its budget, members elect a Board of Directors. This board is composed of ten A-Reps, five members of the general public, and the chair of the NPR Foundation. Terms are for three years and are staggered such that some stand for election every year.
* Mike Crane, Director, Wisconsin Public Radio * Betsy Gardella, President and CEO, New Hampshire Public Radio * Kit Jensen, Chief Operating Officer WVIZ/ PBS & 90.3 WCPN ideastream, Chair of the Board * Roger LaMay, General Manager, WXPN * Caryn Mathes, President and General Manager, KUOW * Greg Petrowich, Executive Director, WSIU Public Broadcasting * Florence Rogers, President and General Manager, Nevada Public Radio * Mike Savage, General Manager, WBAA * Kerry Swanson, Station Manager, Northwest Public Radio * Connie Walker, General Manager, WUNC
President of NPR
* Jarl Mohn , President and CEO
Chair of the NPR Foundation
* Howard Wollner, Senior Vice President, Retired, Starbucks Coffee Company
Public Members of the Board
* Fabiola Arredondo, Managing Partner, Siempre Holdings * Chris Boskin, Media Company Consultant * Patricia Diaz Dennis, Senior Vice President and Assistant General Counsel, Retired, AT in 2012 10.9% of the revenues for Public Radio came from federal sources.
In 2011, NPR announced the roll-out of their own online advertising network , which allows member stations to run geographically targeted advertisement spots from national sponsors that may otherwise be unavailable to their local area, opening additional revenue streams to the broadcaster.
2013 saw the launch of _Center Stage_, a mix of native advertising and banner ad featured prominently on the NPR homepage, above-the-fold. The launch partner for _Center Stage_ was Squarespace .
UNDERWRITING SPOTS VS. COMMERCIALS
In contrast with commercial broadcasting , NPR's radio broadcasts do not carry traditional commercials, but has advertising in the form of brief statements from major sponsors which may include corporate slogans , descriptions of products and services, contact information such as website addresses and telephone numbers . These statements are called underwriting spots and, unlike commercials, are governed by specific FCC restrictions in addition to truth in advertising laws; they cannot advocate a product or "promote the goods and services" of for-profit entities. These restrictions apply only to radio broadcasts and not NPR's other digital platforms. When questioned on the subject of how corporate underwriting revenues and foundation grants were holding up during the recession, in a speech broadcast on C-SPAN before the National Press Club on March 2, 2009, then President and CEO Vivian Schiller stated: "underwriting is down, it's down for everybody; this is the area that is most down for us, in sponsorship, underwriting, advertising, call it whatever you want; just like it is for all of media." Hosts of the NPR program _ Planet Money _ stated the audience is indeed a product being sold to advertisers in the same way as commercial stations, saying: "they are not advertisers exactly but, they have a lot of the same characteristics; let's just say that."
A Harris telephone survey conducted in 2005 found that NPR was the most trusted news source in the United States.
According to 2009, NPR statistics, about 20.9 million listeners tune into NPR each week. According to 2015 figures, 87% of the NPR terrestrial public radio audience and 67% of the NPR podcast audience is white. According to the 2012 Pew Research Center 2012 News Consumption Survey, NPR listeners tend to be highly educated, with 54% of regular listeners being college graduates and 21% having some college. NPR's audience is almost exactly average in terms of the sex of listeners (49% male, 51% female). NPR listeners have higher incomes than average (the 2012 Pew study showed that 43% earn over $75,000, 27% earn between $30,000 and $75,000). The Pew survey found that the NPR audience tends Democratic (17% Republican, 37% independent, 43% Democratic) and liberal (21% conservative, 39% moderate, 36% liberal).
NPR stations generally do not subscribe to the Arbitron rating service and are not included in published ratings and rankings such as _ Radio by the end of that month, NPR acquired Public Interactive from PRI In March 2011, NPR revealed a restructuring proposal in which Boston-based Public Interactive would become NPR Digital Services, separate from the Washington D.C.-based NPR Digital Media, which focuses on NPR-branded services. NPR Digital Services would continue offering its services to public TV stations.
The technical backbone of its digital news publishing system is Core Publisher , which was built on Drupal , an open-source content management system . Kinsey Wilson and the npr.org crew at the 69th Annual Peabody Awards
NPR has been dubbed as "leveraging the Twitter generation" because of its adaptation of the popular microblogging service as one of its primary vehicles of information. Of NPR's Twitter followers, the majority (67%) still do listen to NPR on the radio. In a survey of more than 10,000 respondents, NPR found that its Twitter followers are younger, more connected to the social web , and more likely to access content through digital platforms such as its Peabody Award -winning website npr.org, as well as podcasts , mobile apps and more. NPR has more than one Twitter account including @NPR; its survey found that most respondents followed between two and five NPR accounts, including topical account, show-specific accounts and on-air staff accounts. In addition, NPR's Facebook page has been at the forefront of the company foray into social media. Started by college student and fan Geoff Campbell in 2008, the page was quickly taken over by the organization, and over the last two years has grown to nearly 4 million fans and is a popular example of the company's new focus on a younger audience.
Main article: NPR One
On July 2014, NPR launched NPR One , an app for iOS and Android smartphones and other mobile devices, which aimed to make it easier for listeners to stream local NPR stations live, and listen to NPR podcasts by autoplaying content and permitting easy navigation. Since launch NPR has made the service available on additional channels: Windows mobile devices, web browsers, Chromecast , Apple Car Play , Apple Watch , Android Auto , Android Wear , Samsung Gear S2 and S3, Amazon Fire TV , and Amazon Alexa -enabled devices.
PROGRAMS PRODUCED BY NPR
News And Public Affairs Programs
NPR News logo
NPR produces a morning and an afternoon news program, both of which also have weekend editions with different hosts. It also produces hourly news briefs around the clock. NPR formerly distributed the World Radio Network , a daily compilation of news reports from international radio news, but no longer does so.
* _Here and Now _, news, current affairs and culture hosted by Robin Young and Jeremy Hobson (co-produced with WBUR ) * _ Code Switch _, a podcast about race and identity hosted by Shereen Marisol Meraji and Gene Demby * _Embedded_, a podcast hosted by Kelly McEvers * _ NPR Politics Podcast_, a podcast hosted by Tamara Keith and Scott Detrow
Storytelling And Cultural Programming
* _Ask Me Another _, a trivia quiz hosted by Ophira Eisenberg (co-produced with WNYC ) * _Hidden Brain_, a social sciences podcast hosted by Shankar Vedantam * _ How I Built This _, a podcast on entrepreneurship hosted by Guy Raz * _ Invisibilia _, hosted by Alix Spiegel , Hanna Rosin , and Lulu Miller * _ Planet Money _, a podcast on the economy * _Pop Culture Happy Hour_, a podcast on culture hosted by Linda Holmes * _TED Radio Hour_, hosted by Guy Raz * _Wait Wait... Don\'t Tell Me! _, a humorous news quiz co-produced with WBEZ and hosted by Peter Sagal
* _First Listen_, album previews * _ All Songs Considered _, a music podcast * _Songs We Love_ * _ Tiny Desk Concerts _, video concert series * _ Alt.Latino _, a podcast on Latino arts and culture * _Jazz Night In America_, hosted by Christian McBride (co-produced with WBGO and Jazz at Lincoln Center ) * _The Thistle distributed by Public Radio Exchange and Public Radio Satellite System * _WireTap _, comedy radio program hosted by Jonathan Goldstein of CBC Radio One and distributed by Public Radio International in the United States. * _Wits_, a sketch comedy, music, and artist interview program, hosted by John Moe
Many shows produced or distributed by Public Radio International—such as _ Living on Earth _ —are broadcast on public radio stations, but are not affiliated with NPR. PRI and NPR are separate production and distribution organizations with distinct missions, and each competes with the other for programming slots on public radio stations.
Public Radio Exchange also offers a national distribution network where a significant number of public radio stations go to acquire programs from independent producers. PRX provides a catalog of thousands of radio pieces available on-demand as broadcast quality audio files and available for streaming on the PRX.org website.
Most public radio stations are NPR member stations and affiliate stations of PRI, APM, and PRX _at the same time_. The organizations have different governance structures and missions and relationships with stations. Other popular shows, like _ A Prairie Home Companion _ and _Marketplace _, are produced by American Public Media, the national programming unit of Minnesota Public Radio . These programs were distributed by Public Radio International prior to APM's founding. _ Democracy Now! _, the flagship news program of the Pacifica Radio network, provides a feed to NPR stations, and other Pacifica programs can occasionally be heard on these stations as well.
Main article: NPR controversies
Over the course of NPR's history, controversies have arisen over several incidents and topics.
ALLEGATIONS OF IDEOLOGICAL BIAS
NPR has been accused of displaying both liberal bias, as alleged in work such as a UCLA and University of Missouri study of _Morning Edition_, and conservative bias, including criticism of alleged reliance on conservative think-tanks . NPR has also been accused of bias related to specific topics, including support of the 2003 Invasion of Iraq and coverage of Israel . The NPR ombudsman has described how NPR's coverage of the Israel-Palestinian conflict has been simultaneously criticized as biased by both sides. UT Austin journalism professor and author Robert Jensen has criticized NPR as taking a pro-war stance during coverage of Iraq war protests.
In 2002 and 2003, surveys and follow-up focus groups conducted by the Tarrance Group and Lake Snell Perry the use of that term by a leading Bush official to describe what was done at Guantanamo; and the fact that media outlets frequently use the word "torture" to describe exactly the same methods when used by other countries – reveals much about how the modern journalist thinks.
_LIVE FROM DEATH ROW_ COMMENTARIES
In 1994, NPR arranged to air, on _All Things Considered_, a series of three-minute commentaries by Mumia Abu-Jamal , a journalist convicted in a controversial trial of murdering a Philadelphia Police officer. They cancelled airing them after the Fraternal Order of Police and members of the U.S. Congress objected.
JUAN WILLIAMS COMMENTS
RONALD SCHILLER COMMENTS
In March 2011, conservative political activist and provocateur James O\'Keefe sent partners Simon Templar (a pen name ) and Shaughn Adeleye to secretly record their discussion with Ronald Schiller , NPR's outgoing senior vice president for fundraising , and an associate, in which Schiller made remarks viewed as disparaging of "the current Republican party, especially the Tea Party ", and controversial comments regarding Palestine and funding for NPR. NPR disavowed Schiller's comments. CEO Vivian Schiller, who is not related to Ronald, later resigned over the fallout from the comments and the previous firing of Juan Williams.
JULY 4TH TWEETS OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
Starting from July 4, 1988, NPR has broadcast an annual reading of the United States Declaration of Independence over the radio. In addition, it has recently begun using Twitter as a medium for reading the document as well. On July 4, 2017, the yearly tweets were met with considerable opposition, some online supporters of Donald Trump mistakenly believing the words of the declaration referring to George III of the United Kingdom to be directed towards the president. The tweets have been accused of being propagandistic, condoning of violence, and calling of revolution. Many of the responses to NPR's tweets have since been retracted.
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Retrieved February 24, 2011. * ^ "GAO statement on NPR financial crisis, 1984". Public Broadcasting PolicyBase at Current.org . 1984. Retrieved June 12, 2007. * ^ "History of public broadcasting in the United States". Current.org . Retrieved June 12, 2007. * ^ _A_ _B_ " Delano Lewis Resigns". NPR. April 3, 1998. Retrieved February 16, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ " NPR Announces New President and CEO". NPR. November 11, 1998. Retrieved February 16, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ " NPR Establishes Major Production Center in California NPR West Opens November 2, Expanding Network\'s Presence and Reach". NPR. November 2, 2002. Retrieved February 16, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ Steinberg, Jacques (November 7, 2003). "Billions and Billions Served, Hundreds of Millions Donated". _New York Times_. Retrieved July 28, 2008. National Public Radio announced yesterday that it had received a bequest worth at least $200 million from the widow of the longtime chairman of the McDonald's restaurant chain. The gift is the largest in the 33-year history of NPR, the nonprofit broadcasting corporation – and about twice the size of NPR's annual operating budget. It is believed to be among the largest ever pledged to an American cultural institution. * ^ " NPR Receives a Record Bequest of More Than $200 Million" (Press release). National Public Radio. November 6, 2003. Retrieved October 2, 2006. * ^ Janssen, Mike (May 24, 2004). "Kroc gift lets NPR expand news, lower fees". _ Current.org _. Retrieved October 2, 2006. * ^ " NPR Podcasts Turn 10!". * ^ "iTunesCharts.net: US Podcasts". * ^ _A_ _B_ Farhi, Paul (March 6, 2008). " NPR Leader out After Board Clash". _ The Washington Post _. * ^ _A_ _B_ Carney, Steve (December 10, 2008). "National Public Radio to cut shows, personnel". _ Los Angeles Times _. Retrieved December 11, 2008. * ^ " NPR reaches new audience high". _Press release_. NPR. March 24, 2009. Retrieved August 24, 2010. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Public Radio Finances". NPR. Retrieved October 22, 2010. * ^ "The Situation Room". * ^ Chiu, Lisa (March 17, 2011). "Secret Recording Explores Relationship Between Billionaire Soros and NPR". _philanthropy.com_. The Chronicle of Philanthropy . Retrieved 13 May 2015. * ^ "New NPR Headquarters Nears Completion". _NPR.org_. NPR. February 1, 2013. Retrieved April 9, 2013. * ^ Clinton Yates, NPR Moves to NoMa, D.C.\'s SimCity of Gentrification, _The Washington Post_ (June 5, 2013). * ^ Simon, Scott (6 April 2013). "Saying Goodbye To The Old NPR Headquarters". _ Weekend Edition _. NPR. Retrieved 13 May 2015. * ^ " NPR Moves to New Headquarters - Morning Edition Airs First Broadcast from New Building Today". NPR. April 22, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2013. * ^ "A Fond Farewell to _ Talk of the Nation_". _Tell Me More_. NPR. June 27, 2013. Retrieved July 13, 2013. * ^ " NPR to Offer Voluntary Buyouts in Bid to Balance Budget". _The Observer_. September 13, 2013. Retrieved September 15, 2013. * ^ NPR Bylaws; Public Broadcasting Policy Base; January 20, 1999 * ^ " NPR Board of Directors". NPR. Retrieved 2015-03-06. * ^ Siemering, William (November 29, 1999). "National Public Radio Purposes". _Public Broadcasting PolicyBase at Current.org _. Retrieved October 2, 2006. * ^ _A_ _B_ "Elizabeth Jensen". * ^ "New Ombudsman To Start Jan. 26". wnyc.org. * ^ " NPR Responds". Retrieved January 14, 2010. * ^ "Table 2 Public Broadcasting Revenue by Public Television and Radio System and Source of Revenue, Fiscal Year 2008–2009" (PDF). _Public Broadcasting Revenue Fiscal Year 2009_. Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Retrieved August 5, 2011. * ^ "Table 2 Public Broadcasting Revenue by Public Television and Radio System and Source of Revenue, Fiscal Year 2011–2012" (PDF). _Public Broadcasting Revenue Fiscal Year 2012_. Corporation for Public Broadcasting. Retrieved February 25, 2014. * ^ Ungerleider, Neal. _ NPR Launching Centralized Online Ad Network to Bolster Revenue at Member Stations_. Fast Company . 12 April 2011 * ^ Taintor, David (16 August 2013). "NPR\'s New Ad Unit Falls Somewhere Between Banners and Native". Adweek . * ^ Hart, Peter (8 September 2014). "New NPR Boss: \'We\'re Going to Be Talking About Brands That Matter a Little Bit More\'". _fair.org_. FAIR . * ^ " NPR Underwriting Credit Guidelines" (PDF). _npr.org_. NRP. November 24, 2008. p. 1. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 2, 2014. Retrieved June 2, 2014. * ^ "The Public and Broadcasting". Federal Communications Commission. 2008. Retrieved March 3, 2013. * ^ "Public Broadcasting and Commercial Media". C-SPAN . March 2, 2009. Retrieved June 2, 2014. * ^ "The Friday Podcast: Economists On Federal Funding For NPR". NPR (_Planet Money_). March 25, 2011. Retrieved June 3, 2014. * ^ Eggerton, John (November 10, 2005). "Survey Says: Noncom News Most Trusted". _Broadcasting & Cable_. Retrieved October 2, 2006. * ^ Farhi, Paul (March 24, 2009). "Good News for NPR: Its Most Listeners Ever". _Washington Post_. Retrieved March 7, 2013. * ^ Tracie Powell, Are podcasts the new path to diversifying public radio? _Columbia Journalism Review_ (May 22, 2015). * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Section 4: Demographics and Political Views of News Audiences, Pew Research Center (September 27, 2012). * ^ "Audience Estimates". NPR. Retrieved February 16, 2012. * ^ Fong-Torres, Ben (March 12, 2006). " Radio Waves". _San Francisco Chronicle_. Retrieved April 26, 2008. * ^ _A_ _B_ "PRI And NPR Announce Deal To Grow Public Interactive, Public Media\'s Leading Web Services Company". NPR. July 31, 2008. Retrieved February 16, 2012. * ^ "Public Interactive Press Area". NPR. June 2, 2004. Retrieved February 16, 2012. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Everhart, Karen (March 7, 2011). "Web infrastructure for pubmedia, 2011". Current.org. Retrieved February 16, 2012. * ^ O'Dell, Jodie (30 September 2010). "How NPR Is Leveraging the Twitter Generation". Mashable. Retrieved 22 January 2017. * ^ _A_ _B_ Carvin, Andy; Heard, Meredith (30 September 2010). "Results Of The NPR Twitter User Survey". NPR. Retrieved 22 January 2017. * ^ " NPR (@NPR) - Twitter". _twitter.com_. * ^ Campbell, Geoff. "Mount Allison student gets Facebook ball rolling for American media organization, NPR". Retrieved March 2, 2011. * ^ Campbell, Geoff. "How Andy Carvin took over NPR\'s Facebook Page from Student/Creator Geoff Campbell". Retrieved March 2, 2011. * ^ Tenore, Mallary Jean. "Carvin: Facebook Lets NPR Empower Those Who Love Us, Listen to Those Who Don\'t". Retrieved March 2, 2011. * ^ https://venturebeat.com/2014/07/28/npr-launches-new-npr-one-mobile-app-for-curating-public-radio-news/ * ^ https://help.npr.org/customer/en/portal/articles/2100796-what-devices-will-npr-one-work-on-?b_id=13750 * ^ "About \'All Things Considered\'". * ^ NPR Will Distribute WAMU 88.5\'s \'The Big Listen\' * ^ NPR’s ‘Best of Car Talk’ will end in September 2017 * ^ NPR Adds Radio Ambulante To Its Podcast Lineup * ^ "Does Public Radio Have A Liberal Bias? The Finale!" (Radio Transcript). _On The Media_. WNYC. March 25, 2011. Retrieved September 4, 2011. * ^ Listeners Hear Same Israeli-Palestinian Coverage Differently; NPR Ombudsman; June 18, 2010 * ^ Published Articles – 2003; University of Texas, Robert Jensen * ^ Public Perceptions of Public Broadcasting at the Wayback Machine (archived January 10, 2008); Corporation for Public Broadcasting; December 2003 * ^ "The still-growing NPR "torture" controversy" _ Salon.com _ July 2, 2009 * ^ Torturous Wording NPR (transcript) June 26, 2009 * ^ "Calling a Spade a Spade: Use of the Word \'Torture\'", KPCC June 26, 2009 * ^ McQuaid, John."The semantics of torture" _guardian.co.uk – Comment-is-free _ May 13, 2009. * ^ "The NYT\'s nice, new euphemism for torture", _Salon.com_ June 6, 2009 * ^ "Judge Dismisses Inmate's Suit Against NPR". _The Washington Post_. August 22, 1997. * ^ Stanglin, Doug (October 21, 2010). "Update: NPR exec says Juan Williams crossed the line before". _USA Today_. Retrieved October 21, 2010. * ^ Hagey, Keach (March 8, 2011). " NPR exec: tea party is \'scary,\' \'racist\'". Politico . * ^ Mark Memmott (March 9, 2011). " NPR CEO Vivian Schiller resigns". NPR. Retrieved March 9, 2011. * ^ "The Declaration Of Independence, 240 Years Later". _NPR.org_. Retrieved 2017-07-05. * ^ "Some Trump supporters thought NPR tweeted ‘propaganda.’ It was the Declaration of Independence.". _Washington Post_. Retrieved 2017-07-05. * ^ " NPR tweets the Declaration of Independence, and people freak out about a ‘revolution’". _kansascity_. Retrieved 2017-07-05. * ^ " NPR Tweets Declaration Of Independence, Triggers Outrage". _Talking Points Memo_. Retrieved 2017-07-05. * ^ CNN, Nancy Coleman. "No, NPR was not trying to start a revolution". _CNN_. Retrieved 2017-07-05.
* _The NPR Guide to Building a Classical CD Collection_ by Ted Libbey (1994) ISBN 156305051X * _The NPR Classical Music Companion: An Essential Guide for Enlightened Listening_ by Miles Hoffman (1997) ISBN 0618619453 * _The NPR Classical Music Companion: Terms and Concepts from A to Z_ by Miles Hoffman (1997) ISBN 0395707420 * _The NPR Curious Listener's Guide to Classical Music_ by Tim Smith (2002) ISBN 0399527958 * _The NPR Curious Listener's Guide to Jazz_ by Loren Schoenberg (2002) ISBN 039952794X * _The NPR Curious Listener's Guide to Opera_ by William Berger (2002) ISBN 0399527435 * _The NPR Curious Listener's Guide to Popular Standards_ by Max Morath (2002) ISBN 0399527443 * _The NPR Curious Listener's Guide To American Folk Music_ by Kip Lornell (2004) ISBN 0399530339 * _The NPR Curious Listener's Guide to World Music_ by Chris Nickson (2004) ISBN 0399530320 * _The NPR Curious Listener's Guide To Blues_ by David Evans (2005) ISBN 039953072X * _The NPR Curious Listener's Guide to Celtic Music_ by Fiona Ritchie (2005) ISBN 0399530711 * _The NPR Listener's Encyclopedia of Classical Music_ by Ted Libbey (2006) ISBN 0761120726
* Gibson, George H. _Public Broadcasting: The Role of the Federal Government, 1919–1976_ (Praeger Publishers, 1977). ISBN 9780030228315 . OCLC 3167293 . * McCauley, Michael P. _NPR: The Trials and Triumphs of National Public Radio_ (Columbia University Press, 2005). ISBN 9780231121606 . OCLC 937175101 . * Magee, Sara. "_All Things Considered_: A Content Analysis of National Public Radio\'s Flagship News Magazine from 1999–2009". _Journal of Radio ;background:none transparent;border:none;-moz-box-shadow:none;-webkit-box-shadow:none;box-shadow:none;">v
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* _ All Songs Considered _ * _ All Things Considered _ * _ Alt.Latino _ * _Ask Me Another _ * _ Code Switch _ * _Here and Now _ * _ How I Built This _ * _ Invisibilia _ * _ Morning Edition _ * _ Planet Money _ * _TED Radio Hour_ * _The Thistle border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">
* _1A _ * _ Bullseye with Jesse Thorn _ * _ Car Talk _ (reruns only since 2012) * _ Fresh Air _ * _ From the Top _ * _ Latino USA _ * _ Mountain Stage _ * _ Only a Game _ * _ On Point _ * _ Piano Jazz _ * _ StoryCorps _ * _ World Cafe _
* Noah Adams * Tom Ashbrook * Melissa Block * Audie Cornish * Corey Flintoff * Terry Gross * Maria Hinojosa * Jeremy Hobson * Steve Inskeep * Bill Kurtis * Tom and Ray Magliozzi * Michel Martin * Bob Mondello * Renée Montagne * Michele Norris * Sylvia Poggioli * Arun Rath * Guy Raz * Fiona Ritchie * Cokie Roberts * Peter Sagal * Ari Shapiro * Robert Siegel * Scott Simon * Lakshmi Singh * Susan Stamberg * Nina Totenberg * Shankar Vedantam * Robin Young
* Margot Adler * Madeleine Brand * Alex Chadwick * Farai Chideya * Neal Conan * Dee Dee Bridgewater * Bob Edwards * Ira Flatow * Bob Garfield * Brooke Gladstone * Liane Hansen * Jacki Lyden * Carl Kasell * Ketzel Levine * Marian McPartland * Diane Rehm * Ken Rudin * Daniel Schorr * Andrea Seabrook * Alison Stewart * Ray Suarez * Juan Williams * Nancy Wilson * Craig Windham
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NPR stations in the United States
* Sirius XM (Ch. 122)
Terrestrial affiliates by state
* AL * AK * AZ * AR * CA * CO * CT * DE * DC * FL * GA * HI * ID * IL * IN * IA * KS * KY * LA * ME * MD * MA * MI * MN * MS * MO * MT * NE * NV * NH * NJ * NM * NY * NC * ND * OH * OK * OR * PA * RI * SC * SD * TN * TX * UT * VT * VA * WA * WV * WI * WY * US Territories
See also List of NPR stations
Website npr.org News/talk/sports brands Air America Bloomberg Radio ESPN Radio ESPN Deportes Radio Fox Sports Radio NPR SB Nation Radio Music brands Bob FM Cat Country (Country Only) Froggy Hank FM Jack FM KISS-FM MOViN Nash FM (Country Only) Radio Disney The Fox The X Religious brands AFR Air 1 K-LOVE
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Broadcast radio networks in the United States
* ABC Radio * Compass * Premiere * Salem * United Stations * Westwood One
* AK Public * AL Public * ARN * Boise State * CMU * CO Public * CT Public * ETV Radio * GA Public * HI Public * High Plains Public * IN Public * Interlochen Public * IA Public * Jefferson Public * Louisiana * Maine PBN * MI Farm * Michigan Radio * Michigan Radio Network * MI Talk * MN Public * MS Public * MT Public * NET Radio * NV Public * New England Public * NH Public * NJ Public * NC News * NC Public * North Country Public * Northeast Public * Northwest Public * OH News * OR Public * The Point * Prairie Public * Red River * RI Public * SD Public * Supertalk MS * TX State * UT Public Radio * VT Public * WV Public * WI Public * WY Public * Yellowstone Public
* Accent * American Urban * Bloomberg Radio * Business Talk * CRN Digital * GCN * Metropolitan Opera * Music of Your Life * Pacifica * Pride * Radio America * Radio One * Disney * RBN * Talk Radio Network * Timeless Cool * WestStar * WFMT Radio Network * World Classical Network
* 3ABN * Air 1 * AFR * BBN * BRN * Calvary * CSN International * EMF * Effect * EWTN Radio * Family Life Network * Family Life Radio * Family * Go Mix! * GNN * Gospel Opportunities * Good News Voice * Here\'s Help * K-Love * The Life FM * Life Talk * Mars Hill * Moody * Pilgrim * Promise FM * Prayz * Radio 74 * Nueva Vida * Rejoice Radio * Rejoice! Musical Soul Food * Relevant * RenewFM * RevFM * Salem * Smile FM * Sound of Life * Sounds of the Spirit * Spirit FM * Strong Tower * VCY America * WAY-FM * Worship FM * Word FM * Your Network of Praise
DEFUNCT OR MORIBUND
* NBC Blue /ABC (original)/Citadel/Cumulus * AAHS * Air America * America\'s Radio News * Biz Radio * children radio networks * Dial Global (Local/Waitt ) * Enterprise * God\'s Country * I.E. America * Jones * Liberty Broadcasting System * Michigan Regional * Mutual Black Network * Mutual * Mutual Progressive Network/Mutual Lifestyle Radio * NBC Red * NBC Talknet * NBG * NBN * National Negro * Nova M * NRN * Progressive Broadcasting System * RKO * Satellite Music * Sports Fan * Source * Transtar * UPI * Univision America * Washington News Desk * Westinghouse * Westwood One (original) * WOR * WSJ Radio * Yankee
* v * t * e
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
AP NPR AURN _The Hill_ Regionals Newsmax CBN
The seating chart as of July 10, 2017.
White House Correspondents\' Association
* v * t * e
Members of the World Radio Network
* Akashvani (All India Radio) * Banns Radio International * Channel Africa * China Radio International * Democracy Now! * Deutsche Welle * Israel Radio International * Kantor Berita Radio 68H * KBS World Radio * NPR * PCJ Radio * Polish Radio External Service * Radio Algeria International * Radio Australia * Radio Damascus * Radio Exterior de España * Radio France Internationale * Radio Guangdong * Radio Havana Cuba * Radio Japan * Radio Kuwait * Radio New Zealand International * Radio Pakistan * Radio Prague * Radio Romania International * Radio Slovakia International * Radio Sputnik * Radio Sweden * Radio Taiwan International * Radio Thailand World Service * Radio Tunis International * Radiodifusión Argentina al Exterior * RTÉ * swissinfo * United Nations Radio * Vatican Radio * Voice of Korea * Voice of the Islamic Republic of Iran * Voice of the Strait * Voice of Turkey * World of Radio
* ^ "FolkLib Index -Music Reference Books by National Public Radio (NPR)". _www.folklib.net_. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
Links: ------ /wiki/Radio_syndication