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The NATIONAL BROADCASTING COMPANY (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
, a subsidiary of Comcast
Comcast
. The network is headquartered in the Comcast Building (formerly known as the GE Building ) at Rockefeller Center
Rockefeller Center
in New York City, with additional major offices near Los Angeles
Los Angeles
(at Universal City Plaza ), Chicago
Chicago
(at the NBC Tower ) and soon in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
at Comcast
Comcast
Innovation and Technology Center . The network is part of the Big Three television networks . NBC
NBC
is sometimes referred to as the "PEACOCK NETWORK", in reference to its stylized peacock logo , introducted in 1956 to promote the company's innovations in early color broadcasting. It became the network's official emblem in 1979.

Founded in 1926 by the Radio Corporation of America
Radio Corporation of America
(RCA), NBC
NBC
is the oldest major broadcast network in the United States. In 1986, control of NBC
NBC
passed to General Electric (GE) – which previously owned RCA and NBC
NBC
until 1930, when it was forced to sell the companies as a result of antitrust charges – through its $6.4 billion purchase of RCA. Following the acquisition by GE (which later liquidated RCA), Bob Wright served as chief executive officer of NBC, remaining in that position until his retirement in 2007, when he was succeeded by Jeff Zucker . In 2003, French media company Vivendi merged its entertainment assets with GE, forming NBC
NBC
Universal. Comcast
Comcast
purchased a controlling interest in the company in 2011, and acquired General Electric's remaining stake in 2013. Following the Comcast
Comcast
merger, Zucker left NBC
NBC
Universal and was replaced as CEO by Comcast
Comcast
executive Steve Burke .

NBC
NBC
has thirteen owned-and-operated stations and nearly 200 affiliates throughout the United States
United States
and its territories, some of which are also available in Canada via pay-television providers or in border areas over-the-air; NBC
NBC
also maintains brand licensing agreements for international channels in South Korea
South Korea
and Germany.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Radio

* 1.1.1 Earliest stations: WEAF and WJZ * 1.1.2 Red and Blue Networks * 1.1.3 Chimes * 1.1.4 New beginnings: The Blue Network
Blue Network
becomes ABC * 1.1.5 Defining radio\'s golden age * 1.1.6 Decline * 1.1.7 Restoration

* 1.2 Television

* 1.2.1 Color television
Color television
* 1.2.2 1970s doldrums * 1.2.3 Tartikoff\'s turnaround * 1.2.4 "Must See TV" * 1.2.5 New century, new problems * 1.2.6 Comcast
Comcast
era (2011–present)

* 2 Programming

* 2.1 NBC News * 2.2 Daytime programming * 2.3 Children\'s programming * 2.4 Specials * 2.5 Programming library

* 3 Stations

* 4 Related services

* 4.1 Video-on-demand services * 4.2 NBC
NBC
HD * 4.3 NBCi

* 5 Evolution of the NBC
NBC
logo

* 6 International broadcasts

* 6.1 Canada

* 6.2 Europe and the Middle East

* 6.2.1 NBC
NBC
Super Channel becomes NBC Europe
NBC Europe

* 6.3 Latin America

* 6.3.1 Mexico
Mexico
* 6.3.2 Nicaragua * 6.3.3 Canal de Noticias

* 6.4 Caribbean

* 6.4.1 Bahamas
Bahamas
* 6.4.2 Netherlands Antilles

* 6.5 Bermuda
Bermuda

* 6.6 Pacific

* 6.6.1 Guam * 6.6.2 American Samoa * 6.6.3 Federated States of Micronesia

* 6.7 Asia

* 6.7.1 NBC
NBC
Asia and CNBC
CNBC
Asia * 6.7.2 Regional partners

* 6.8 Australia

* 7 Criticism and controversies

* 7.1 Selective editing of George Zimmerman 911 call

* 8 Presidents of NBC
NBC
Entertainment * 9 See also * 10 References * 11 Further reading * 12 External links

HISTORY

The Comcast Building in New York City
New York City
(or the GE Building, originally the RCA
RCA
Building ) serves as the headquarters of NBC.

RADIO

Earliest Stations: WEAF And WJZ

During a period of early broadcast business consolidation, radio manufacturer Radio Corporation of America
Radio Corporation of America
(RCA) acquired New York City radio station WEAF from American Telephone & Telegraph
American Telephone & Telegraph
(AT&T). Westinghouse , a shareholder in RCA, had a competing outlet in Newark, New Jersey pioneer station WJZ (no relation to the radio and television station in Baltimore
Baltimore
currently using those call letters), which also served as the flagship for a loosely structured network. This station was transferred from Westinghouse to RCA
RCA
in 1923, and moved to New York City.

WEAF acted as a laboratory for AT&T's manufacturing and supply outlet Western Electric , whose products included transmitters and antennas. The Bell System , AT and with AT&T's station in Washington, D.C., WCAP .

New parent RCA
RCA
saw an advantage in sharing programming, and after getting a license for radio station WRC in Washington, D.C., in 1923, attempted to transmit audio between cities via low-quality telegraph lines. AT&T refused outside companies access to its high-quality phone lines. The early effort fared poorly, since the uninsulated telegraph lines were susceptible to atmospheric and other electrical interference.

In 1925, AT&T decided that WEAF and its embryonic network were incompatible with the company's primary goal of providing a telephone service. AT&T offered to sell the station to RCA
RCA
in a deal that included the right to lease AT in late 1926, it subsequently announced the creation of a new division known as the National Broadcasting Company. The division's ownership was split among RCA
RCA
(a majority partner at 50%), its founding corporate parent General Electric (which owned 30%) and Westinghouse (which owned the remaining 20%). NBC officially started broadcasting on November 15, 1926.

WEAF and WJZ, the flagships of the two earlier networks, were operated side-by-side for about a year as part of the new NBC. On January 1, 1927, NBC
NBC
formally divided their respective marketing strategies: the "Red Network " offered commercially sponsored entertainment and music programming; the " Blue Network
Blue Network
" mostly carried sustaining – or non-sponsored – broadcasts, especially news and cultural programs. Various histories of NBC
NBC
suggest the color designations for the two networks came from the color of the pushpins NBC
NBC
engineers used to designate affiliates of WEAF (red) and WJZ (blue), or from the use of double-ended red and blue colored pencils. Radio City West was located at Sunset Boulevard
Sunset Boulevard
and Vine Street in Los Angeles
Los Angeles
until it was replaced by a bank in the mid-1960s.

On April 5, 1927, NBC
NBC
expanded to the West Coast with the launch of the NBC
NBC
Orange Network, also known as the Pacific Coast Network. This was followed by the debut of the NBC
NBC
Gold Network, also known as the Pacific Gold Network, on October 18, 1931. The Orange Network carried Red Network programming, and the Gold Network carried programming from the Blue Network. Initially, the Orange Network recreated Eastern Red Network programming for West Coast stations at KPO in San Francisco. The Orange Network name was removed from use in 1936, and the network's affiliate stations became part of the Red Network. At the same time, the Gold Network became part of the Blue Network. In the 1930s, NBC
NBC
also developed a network for shortwave radio stations, called the NBC
NBC
White Network.

In 1927, NBC
NBC
moved its operations to 711 Fifth Avenue in Manhattan , occupying the upper floors of a building designed by architect Floyd Brown. The space that NBC
NBC
occupied was designed by Raymond Hood , who based the appearance of its multiple studio facilities on "a Gothic church, the Roman forum, a Louis XIV room and, in a space devoted to jazz, something 'wildly futuristic, with plenty of color in bizarre designs.'" NBC
NBC
outgrew the Fifth Avenue facilities in 1933.

In 1930, General Electric was charged with antitrust violations, resulting in the company's decision to divest itself of RCA. The newly separate company signed leases to move its corporate headquarters into the new Rockefeller Center
Rockefeller Center
in 1931. John D. Rockefeller, Jr.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr.
, founder and financier of Rockefeller Center, arranged the deal with GE chairman Owen D. Young and RCA
RCA
president David Sarnoff
David Sarnoff
. When it moved into the complex in 1933, RCA
RCA
became the lead tenant at 30 Rockefeller Plaza, known as the " RCA
RCA
Building" (later the GE Building, now the Comcast
Comcast
Building), which housed NBC's production studios as well as theaters for RCA-owned RKO Pictures .

Chimes

Main article: NBC chimes Entrance at the GE Building.

The iconic three-note NBC chimes came about after several years of development. The three-note sequence, G-E'-C', was first heard over Red Network affiliate WSB in Atlanta
Atlanta
, with a second inversion C Major triad as its outline. An executive at NBC's New York headquarters heard the WSB version of the notes during the networked broadcast of a Georgia Tech football game and asked permission to use it on the national network. NBC
NBC
started to use the chimes sequence in 1931, and it eventually became the first audio trademark to be accepted by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office .

A variant sequence with an additional note, G-E'-C'-G, known as "the fourth chime", was used during significant events of extreme urgency (including during World War II, especially in the wake of the December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor ; on D-Day and during disasters). The NBC chimes were mechanized in 1932 by Rangertone founder Richard H. Ranger ; their purpose was to send a low-level signal of constant amplitude that would be heard by the various switching stations manned by NBC and AT"> NBC Tower in Chicago.

In 1934, the Mutual Broadcasting System filed a complaint to the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), following the government agency's creation, claiming it ran into difficulties trying to establish new radio stations in a market largely controlled by NBC
NBC
and the Columbia Broadcasting System ( CBS
CBS
). In 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the monopolistic effects of network broadcasting. A report published by the Commission in 1939 found that NBC's two networks and its owned-and-operated stations dominated audiences, affiliates and advertising in American radio; this led the Commission to file an order to RCA
RCA
to divest itself of either NBC
NBC
Red or NBC
NBC
Blue.

After Mutual's appeals were rejected by the FCC, RCA
RCA
filed its own appeal to overturn the divestiture order. However, in 1941, the company decided to sell NBC
NBC
Blue in the event its appeal was denied. The Blue Network
Blue Network
was formally named NBC
NBC
Blue Network, Inc. and NBC
NBC
Red became NBC
NBC
Red Network, Inc. for corporate purposes. Both networks formally divorced their operations on January 8, 1942, with the Blue Network being referred to on-air as either "Blue" or "Blue Network", and Blue Network
Blue Network
Company, Inc. serving as its official corporate name. NBC
NBC
Red, meanwhile, became known on-air as simply "NBC". Investment firm Dillon, Read KGO in San Francisco and WENR in Chicago
Chicago
, which shared a frequency with Prairie Farmer station WLS ); contracts with actors; and agreements with around 60 affiliates. In turn, to comply with FCC radio station ownership limits of the time, Noble sold off his existing New York City
New York City
radio station WMCA . Noble, who wanted a better name for the network, acquired the branding rights to the " American Broadcasting Company " name from George B. Storer in 1944. The Blue Network
Blue Network
became ABC officially on June 15, 1945, after the sale was completed.

Defining Radio\'s Golden Age

Main article: NBC Radio Network The front entrance of the NBC Tower at 454 N. Columbus Drive in Chicago.

NBC
NBC
became home to many of the most popular performers and programs on the air. Al Jolson
Al Jolson
, Jack Benny
Jack Benny
, Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
, Bob Hope
Bob Hope
, Fred Allen , and Burns and Allen called NBC
NBC
home, as did Arturo Toscanini 's NBC Symphony Orchestra , which the network helped him create. Other programs featured on the network included Vic and Sade
Vic and Sade
, Fibber McGee and Molly , The Great Gildersleeve
The Great Gildersleeve
(arguably broadcasting's first spin-off program, from Fibber McGee), One Man\'s Family , Ma Perkins and Death Valley Days
Death Valley Days
. NBC
NBC
stations were often the most powerful, and some occupied unique clear-channel national frequencies, reaching hundreds or thousands of miles at night.

In the late 1940s, rival CBS
CBS
gained ground by allowing radio stars to use their own production companies to produce programs, which became a profitable move for much of its talent. In the early years of radio, stars and programs commonly hopped between networks when their short-term contracts expired. During 1948 and 1949, beginning with the nation's top radio star, Jack Benny, many NBC
NBC
performers – including Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
and Charlie McCarthy , Burns and Allen and Frank Sinatra – jumped to CBS.

In addition, NBC
NBC
stars began migrating to television, including comedian Milton Berle , whose Texaco Star Theater on the network became television's first major hit. Conductor Arturo Toscanini conducted the NBC Symphony Orchestra in ten television concerts on NBC between 1948 and 1952. The concerts were broadcast on both television and radio, in what perhaps was the first such instance of simulcasting . Two of the concerts were historic firsts – the first complete telecast of Beethoven\'s Symphony No. 9 , and the first complete telecast of Verdi 's Aida
Aida
(starring Herva Nelli and Richard Tucker ), performed in concert rather than with scenery and costumes.

Aiming to keep classic radio alive as television matured, and to challenge CBS's Sunday night radio lineup, which featured much of the programs and talent that had moved to that network following the defection of Jack Benny
Jack Benny
to CBS, NBC
NBC
launched The Big Show in November 1950. This 90-minute variety show updated radio's earliest musical variety style with sophisticated comedy and dramatic presentations. Featuring stage legend Tallulah Bankhead as hostess, it lured prestigious entertainers, including Fred Allen, Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
, Lauritz Melchior , Ethel Barrymore , Louis Armstrong , Ethel Merman , Bob Hope, Danny Thomas , Douglas Fairbanks, Jr. and Ella Fitzgerald . However, The Big Show's initial success did not last despite critical praise, as most of its potential listeners were increasingly becoming television viewers. The show lasted two years, with NBC
NBC
losing around $1 million on the project (the network was only able to sell advertising time during the middle half-hour of the program each week).

NBC's last major radio programming push, beginning on June 12, 1955, was Monitor , a creation of NBC
NBC
President Sylvester "Pat" Weaver , who also created the innovative programs Today , The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
and Home for the companion television network. Monitor was a continuous all-weekend mixture of music, news, interviews and features, with a variety of hosts including well-known television personalities Dave Garroway , Hugh Downs , Ed McMahon
Ed McMahon
, Joe Garagiola and Gene Rayburn . The potpourri show tried to keep vintage radio alive by featuring segments from Jim and Marian Jordan (in character as Fibber McGee and Molly); Peg Lynch 's dialog comedy Ethel and Albert (with Alan Bunce); and iconoclastic satirist Henry Morgan . Monitor was a success for a number of years, but after the mid-1960s, local stations, especially those in larger markets, were reluctant to break from their established formats to run non-conforming network programming. One exception was Toscanini: The Man Behind the Legend, a weekly series commemorating the great conductor's NBC
NBC
broadcasts and recordings which ran for several years beginning in 1963. After Monitor ended its 20-year run on January 26, 1975, little remained of NBC
NBC
network radio beyond hourly newscasts and news features, and Sunday morning religious program The Eternal Light .

Decline

On June 18, 1975, NBC
NBC
launched the NBC News and Information Service (NIS), which provided up to 55 minutes of news per hour around the clock to local stations that wanted to adopt an all-news radio format. NBC
NBC
carried the service on WRC in Washington, and on its owned-and-operated FM stations in New York City, Chicago
Chicago
and San Francisco. NIS attracted several dozen subscribing stations, but by the fall of 1976, NBC
NBC
determined that it could not project that the service would ever become profitable and gave its affiliates six months' notice that it would be discontinued. NIS ended operations on May 29, 1977. In 1979, NBC
NBC
launched The Source, a modestly successful secondary network providing news and short features to FM rock stations.

The NBC Radio Network also pioneered personal advice call-in national talk radio with a satellite-distributed evening talk show, TalkNet; the program featured Bruce Williams (providing personal financial advice), Bernard Meltzer (personal and financial advice) and Sally Jessy Raphael (personal and romantic advice). While never much of a ratings success, TalkNet nonetheless helped further the national talk radio format. For affiliates, many of them struggling AM stations, TalkNet helped fill evening time slots with free programming, allowing the stations to sell local advertising in a dynamic format without the cost associated with producing local programming. Some in the industry feared this trend would lead to increasing control of radio content by networks and syndicators.

General Electric acquired RCA
RCA
in 1986, and with it NBC, signaling the beginning of the end of NBC
NBC
Radio. Three factors led to the radio division's demise: GE decided that radio did not fit its strategy, while the radio division had not been profitable for many years. In addition, FCC ownership rules at the time prevented companies acquiring broadcast properties from owning both a radio and television division. In the summer of 1987, GE sold NBC
NBC
Radio's network operations to Westwood One , and sold off the NBC-owned stations to various buyers. By 1990, the NBC Radio Network as an independent programming service was pretty much dissolved, becoming a brand name for content produced by Westwood One, and ultimately by, ironically, CBS
CBS
Radio . The Mutual Broadcasting System, which Westwood One had acquired two years earlier, met the same fate, and essentially merged with NBC
NBC
Radio.

GE's divestiture of NBC's entire radio division was the first cannon shot of what would play out in the national broadcast media, as each of the Big Three broadcast networks were soon acquired by other corporate entities. NBC
NBC
was a particularly noteworthy case in that it was the first to be acquired – and was bought by a conglomerate outside the broadcast industry as GE otherwise primarily served as a manufacturing company. Prior to the GE acquisition, NBC
NBC
operated its radio division partly out of tradition, and partly to meet its then-FCC-mandated requirement to distribute programming for the public good (the broadcast airwaves are owned by the public; as that broadcast spectrum is limited and only so many broadcast stations existed, this served as the basis for government regulation requiring broadcasters to provide certain content that meets the needs of the public). Syndicators such as Westwood One were not subject to such rules as they did not own any stations. GE's divestiture of NBC
NBC
Radio – known as "America's First Network" – in many ways marked the "beginning of the end" of the old era of regulated broadcasting and the ushering in of the new, largely unregulated industry that is present today.

By the late 1990s, Westwood One was producing NBC
NBC
Radio-branded newscasts on weekday mornings. These were discontinued in 1999 (along with Mutual branded newscasts), and the few remaining NBC
NBC
Radio Network affiliates became affiliates of CNN
CNN
Radio , carrying the Westwood-owned service's hourly newscasts 24 hours a day. In 2003, Westwood One began distributing NBC News Radio, a new service featuring minute-long news updates read by television anchors and reporters from NBC News and MSNBC, with content written by Westwood One employees.

Restoration

On March 1, 2012, Dial Global announced that it would discontinue CNN Radio, and replace it with an expansion of NBC News Radio
NBC News Radio
on April 1, 2012. This marked the first time since Westwood One's purchase of NBC Radio and its properties that NBC
NBC
would have a 24-hour presence on radio. A previous program, First Light, placed new emphasis on the NBC brand after diminishing it over the years. With the change, NBC
NBC
News Radio expanded its offerings from 60-second news updates airing only on weekdays to feature two hourly full-length newscasts 24 hours a day. Subsequently, on September 4, 2012, Dial Global launched a sports-talk radio service, NBC Sports Radio
NBC Sports Radio
.

NBC News Radio
NBC News Radio
has been distributed by iHeartMedia and its TTWN Networks since July 2016. It is provided to the network's 24/7 News Source affiliates and includes a top of the hour newscast along with other audio content which is heard on over 1000 radio stations.

TELEVISION

High frequency tubes in the tube room. They were used for the NBC
NBC
television transmitter, 1936. NBC
NBC
kept 220 tubes in reserve for their transmitter.

For many years, NBC
NBC
was closely identified with David Sarnoff, who used it as a vehicle to sell consumer electronics. RCA
RCA
and Sarnoff had captured the spotlight by introducing all-electronic television to the public at the 1939–40 New York World\'s Fair , simultaneously initiating a regular schedule of programs on the NBC- RCA
RCA
television station in New York City. President Franklin D. Roosevelt appeared at the fair before the NBC
NBC
camera, becoming the first U.S. president to appear on television on April 30, 1939 (an actual, off-the-monitor photograph of the FDR telecast is available at the David Sarnoff Library). The broadcast was transmitted by NBC's New York television station W2XBS Channel 1 (later WNBC-TV; now WNBC
WNBC
, channel 4) and was seen by about 1,000 viewers within the station's roughly 40-mile (64 km) coverage area from its transmitter at the Empire State Building .

The following day (May 1), four models of RCA
RCA
television sets went on sale to the general public in various department stores around New York City, which were promoted in a series of splashy newspaper ads. DuMont Laboratories (and others) had actually offered the first home sets in 1938 in anticipation of NBC's announced April 1939 television launch. Later in 1939, NBC
NBC
took its cameras to professional football and baseball games in the New York City
New York City
area, establishing many "firsts" in television broadcasting.

Reportedly, the first NBC
NBC
Television "network" program was broadcast on January 12, 1940, when a play titled Meet The Wife was originated at the W2XBS studios at Rockefeller Center
Rockefeller Center
and rebroadcast by W2XB/W2XAF (now WRGB ) in Schenectady, which received the New York station directly off-air from a tower atop a mountain and relayed the live signal to the Capital District . About this time, occasional special events were also broadcast in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
(over W3XE, later called WPTZ, now known as KYW-TV
KYW-TV
) as well as Schenectady. The most ambitious NBC
NBC
television "network" program of the pre-war era was the telecast of the Republican National Convention
Republican National Convention
held in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in the summer of 1940, which was fed live to the New York City
New York City
and Schenectady stations. However, despite major promotion by RCA, television sales in New York during 1939 and 1940 were disappointing, primarily due to the high cost of the sets, and the lack of compelling regularly scheduled programming. Most sets were sold to bars, hotels and other public places, where the general public viewed special sports and news events. One special event was Franklin D. Roosevelt's second and final appearance on live television, when his speech at Madison Square Garden on October 28, 1940, was telecast over W2XBS to receivers in the New York City
New York City
area. 30 Rockefeller Center, also known as the GE Building, is the world headquarters of NBC.

Television's experimental period ended, as the FCC allowed full-fledged commercial television broadcasts to begin on July 1, 1941. NBC
NBC
station W2XBS in New York City
New York City
received the first commercial license, adopting the call letters WNBT. The first official, paid television advertisement broadcast by any U.S. station was for watch manufacturer Bulova
Bulova
, which aired that day, just before the start of a Brooklyn Dodgers baseball telecast on WNBT. The ad consisted of test pattern , featuring the newly assigned WNBT call letters, which was modified to resemble a clock – complete with functioning hands – with the Bulova
Bulova
logo (featuring the phrase " Bulova
Bulova
Watch Time") in the lower right-hand quadrant of the test pattern (a photograph of the NBC camera setting up the test pattern-advertisement for that ad can be seen at this page). Among the programs that aired during the first week of WNBT's new, commercial schedule was The Sunoco News, a simulcast of the Sun Oil -sponsored NBC
NBC
Radio program anchored by Lowell Thomas
Lowell Thomas
; amateur boxing at Jamaica Arena ; the Eastern Clay Courts tennis championships; programming from the USO
USO
; the spelling bee -type game show Words on the Wing; a few feature films; and a one-time-only, test broadcast of the game show Truth or Consequences
Truth or Consequences
, sponsored by Lever Brothers
Lever Brothers
.

Prior to the first commercial television broadcasts and paid advertisements on WNBT, non-paid television advertising existed on an experimental basis dating back to 1930. NBC's earliest non-paid television commercials may have been those seen during the first Major League Baseball game ever telecast, between the Brooklyn Dodgers and Cincinnati Reds , on August 26, 1939 over W2XBS. In order to secure the rights to televise the game, NBC
NBC
allowed each of the Dodgers' regular radio sponsors at the time to have one commercial during the telecast. The ads were conducted by Dodgers announcer Red Barber: for Ivory Soap , he held up a bar of the product; for Mobilgas he put on a filling station attendant's cap while giving his spiel; and for Wheaties
Wheaties
he poured a bowl of the product, added milk and bananas, and took a big spoonful. Limited, commercial programming continued until the U.S. entered World War II. Telecasts were curtailed in the early years of the war, then expanded as NBC
NBC
began to prepare for full-time service upon the end of the war. Even before the war concluded, a few programs were sent from New York City
New York City
to affiliated stations in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
( WPTZ
WPTZ
) and Albany /Schenectady (WRGB) on a regular weekly schedule beginning in 1944, the first of which is generally considered to be the pioneering special interest/documentary show The Voice of Firestone Televues, a television offshoot of The Voice of Firestone , a mainstay on NBC
NBC
radio since 1928, which was transmitted from New York City
New York City
to Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and Schenectady on a regular, weekly basis beginning on April 10, 1944. The series is considered to be the NBC
NBC
television network's first regularly scheduled program. Grace Brandt and Eddie Albert in an early NBC
NBC
television program The Honeymooners-Grace and Eddie Show.

On V-E Day , May 8, 1945, WNBT broadcast several hours of news coverage, and remotes from around New York City. This event was promoted in advance by NBC
NBC
with a direct-mail card sent to television set owners in the New York area. At one point, a WNBT camera placed atop the marquee of the Hotel Astor panned the crowd below celebrating the end of the war in Europe. The vivid coverage was a prelude to television's rapid growth after the war ended.

The NBC
NBC
television network grew from its initial post-war lineup of four stations. The 1947 World Series featured two New York City
New York City
area teams (the Yankees and the Dodgers), and television sales boomed locally, since the games were being telecast in the New York market. Additional stations along the East Coast and in the Midwest were connected by coaxial cable through the late 1940s, and in September 1951 the first transcontinental telecasts took place.

The post-war 1940s and early 1950s brought success for NBC
NBC
in the new medium. Television's first major star, Milton Berle, whose Texaco Star Theatre began in June 1948, drew the first large audiences to NBC Television. Under its innovative president, Sylvester "Pat" Weaver, the network launched Today and The Tonight Show, which would bookend the broadcast day for over 50 years, and which still lead their competitors. Weaver, who also launched the genre of periodic 90-minute network "spectaculars", network-produced motion pictures and the live 90-minute Sunday afternoon series Wide Wide World , left the network in 1955 in a dispute with its chairman David Sarnoff, who subsequently named his son Robert Sarnoff as president.

In 1951, NBC
NBC
commissioned Italian-American composer Gian Carlo Menotti to compose the first opera ever written for television; Menotti came up with Amahl and the Night Visitors , a 45-minute work for which he wrote both music and libretto, about a disabled shepherd boy who meets the Three Wise Men and is miraculously cured when he offers his crutch to the newborn Christ Child . It was such a stunning success that it was repeated every year on NBC
NBC
from 1951 to 1966, when a dispute between Menotti and NBC
NBC
ended the broadcasts. However, by 1978, Menotti and NBC
NBC
had patched things up, and an all-new production of the opera, filmed partly on location in the Middle East, was telecast that year.

Color Television

Main article: Color television
Color television
Title card used by NBC
NBC
in the 1950s, promoting their color broadcasts.

While rivals CBS
CBS
and the DuMont Television Network
DuMont Television Network
also had plans to begin offering color television broadcasts, RCA
RCA
convinced the FCC to approve its color system in December 1953. NBC
NBC
was ready with color programming within days of the Commission's decision. NBC
NBC
began the transition with a few shows in 1954, and broadcast its first program to air all episodes in color beginning that summer, The Marriage .

In 1955, NBC
NBC
broadcast a live production in color of Peter Pan , a new Broadway musical adaptation of J. M. Barrie 's beloved play, on the Producers\' Showcase anthology series, The first such telecast of its kind, the broadcast starred the musical's entire original cast, led by Mary Martin
Mary Martin
as Peter and Cyril Ritchard in a dual role as Mr. Darling and Captain Hook
Captain Hook
. The broadcast drew the highest ratings for a television program for that period. It was so successful that NBC restaged it as a live broadcast a mere ten months later; in 1960, long after Producers' Showcase had ended its run, Peter Pan, with most of the 1955 cast, was restaged again, this time as a standalone special , and was videotaped so that it would no longer have to be performed live on television.

In 1956, NBC
NBC
started a subsidiary, California National Productions (CNP), for merchandising, syndication and NBC
NBC
opera company operations with the production of SILENT SERVICES. By 1957, NBC
NBC
planned to remove the opera company from CNP and CNP was in discussion with MGM Television about handling syndication distribution for MGM series.

During a National Association of Broadcasters meeting in Chicago
Chicago
in 1956, NBC
NBC
announced that its owned-and-operated station in that market, WNBQ (now WMAQ-TV
WMAQ-TV
), had become the first television station in the country to broadcast its programming in color (airing at least six hours of color broadcasts each day). In 1959, NBC
NBC
premiered a televised version of the radio program The Bell Telephone Hour , which aired in color from its debut; the program would continue on the NBC television network for nine more years until it ended in 1968.

In 1961, NBC
NBC
approached Walt Disney about acquiring the rights to his anthology series , offering to produce the program in color. Disney was in the midst of negotiating a new contract to keep the program (then known as Walt Disney Presents) on ABC, however ABC president Leonard Goldenson said that it could not counter the offer, as the network did not have the technical and financial resources to carry the program in color. Disney subsequently struck a deal with NBC, which began airing the anthology series in the format in September 1961 (as Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color). As many of the Disney programs that aired in black-and-white on ABC were actually filmed in color, they could easily be re-aired in the format on the NBC
NBC
broadcasts. In January 1962, NBC's telecast of the Rose Bowl became the first college football game ever to be telecast in color.

By 1963, much of NBC's prime time schedule was presented in color, although some popular series (such as The Man from U.N.C.L.E. , which premiered in late 1964) were broadcast in black-and-white for their entire first season. In the fall of 1965, NBC
NBC
was broadcasting 95% of its prime time schedule in color (with the exceptions of I Dream of Jeannie and Convoy ), and began billing itself as "The Full Color Network." Without television sets to sell, rival networks followed more slowly, finally committing to an all-color lineup in prime time in the 1966–67 season . Days of Our Lives became the first soap opera to premiere in color, when it debuted in November 1965.

NBC
NBC
contracted with Universal Studios
Universal Studios
in 1964 to produce the first feature-length film produced for television, See How They Run , which first aired on October 17, 1964; its second television movie, The Hanged Man , aired six weeks later on November 28. Even while the presentations performed well in the ratings, NBC
NBC
did not broadcast another made-for-TV film for two years.

In 1967, NBC
NBC
reached a deal with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) to acquire the broadcast rights to the classic 1939 film The Wizard of Oz . CBS, which had televised the film annually since 1956, refused to meet MGM's increased fee to renew its television rights. Oz had been, up to then, one of the few programs that CBS
CBS
had telecast in color. However, by 1967, color broadcasts had become standard on television, and the film simply became another title in the list of specials that NBC telecast in the format. The film's showings on NBC
NBC
were distinctive as it televised The Wizard of Oz without a hosted introduction, as CBS had long done; it was also slightly edited for time in order to make room to air more commercials. Despite the cuts, however, it continued to score excellent television ratings in those pre-VCR days, as audiences were generally unable to see the film any other way at that time. NBC
NBC
aired The Wizard of Oz each year from 1968 to 1976, when CBS, realizing that they may have committed a colossal blunder by letting a huge ratings success like Oz go to another network, agreed to pay MGM more money to re-acquire the rights to show the film.

The late 1960s brought big changes in the programming practices of the major television networks. As baby boomers reached adulthood, NBC, CBS
CBS
and ABC began to realize that much of their existing programming had not only been running for years, but had audiences that skewed older. In order to attract the large youth population that was highly attractive to advertisers, the networks moved to clean house of a number of veteran shows. In NBC's case, this included programs like The Bell Telephone Hour and Sing Along With Mitch
Sing Along With Mitch
, which both had an average viewer age of 50. During this period, the networks came to define adults between the ages of 18 and 49 as their main target audience, although depending on the show, this could be subdivided into other age demos: 35–45, 18–25 or 18–35. Regardless of the exact target demographic, the general idea was to appeal to viewers who were not close to retirement age and to modernize television programming, which the networks felt overall was stuck in a 1950s mentality, to closely resemble contemporary American society.

1970s Doldrums

The 1970s started strongly for NBC
NBC
thanks to hits like Adam-12
Adam-12
, Rowan WBAL-TV
WBAL-TV
was originally to go to ABC, but the station decided against it because ABC's evening newscasts had attracted ratings too dismal for them to consider doing so. In the case of WSB-TV
WSB-TV
and WSOC-TV, which have both since become ABC affiliates, both stations were (and remain) under common ownership with Cox Enterprises
Cox Enterprises
, with its other NBC
NBC
affiliate at the time, WIIC-TV in Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
(which would become WPXI in 1981 and also remains owned by Cox), only staying with the network because WIIC-TV itself was a distant third to CBS-affiliated powerhouse KDKA-TV and ABC affiliate WTAE-TV (KDKA-TV, owned at the time by Group W and now owned by CBS
CBS
, infamously passed up affiliating with NBC
NBC
after Westinghouse bought the station from DuMont in 1954, leading to an acrimonious relationship between NBC
NBC
and Westinghouse that lasted for years afterward). In markets such as San Diego, Charlotte and Jacksonville, NBC
NBC
had little choice but to affiliate with a UHF station, with the San Diego
San Diego
station ( KNSD
KNSD
) eventually becoming an NBC
NBC
O She\'s the Sheriff (from Lorimar-Telepictures and airing Tuesdays), a comeback vehicle for Suzanne Somers
Suzanne Somers
which cast her as a widowed county sheriff; a series adapted from the George S. Kaufman
George S. Kaufman
play You Can\'t Take It with You (airing Wednesdays), starring Harry Morgan ; Out of This World (from MCA Television and airing Thursdays), which starred Maureen Flannigan as a teenager born to an alien father and human mother that develops supernatural abilities on her 15th birthday; and a revival of the short-lived 1983 NBC
NBC
series We Got It Made (produced by Fred Silverman for MGM Television and closing out the week on Fridays), as part of an ongoing trend at the time in which former network series were revived in first-run syndication.

The package was aimed at attracting viewers to NBC
NBC
stations in the half-hour preceding prime time (8:00 p.m. in the Eastern and Pacific Time Zone , 7:00 p.m. elsewhere), and was conceived as a result of the FCC's loosening of the Prime Time Access Rule , legislation passed in 1971 that required networks to turn over the 7:30 p.m. (Eastern) time slot to local stations to program local or syndicated content; and the relaxation of the Financial Interest and Syndication Rules , which had prevented networks from producing content from their own syndication units to fill the void. The shows that were part of the package were regularly outrated in many markets by such syndicated game shows as Wheel of Fortune , Jeopardy!
Jeopardy!
and Hollywood Squares
Hollywood Squares
. Marblehead Manor, We Got It Made and You Can't Take It With You were cancelled at the end of the 1987–88 season, with She's the Sheriff lasting one more season in weekend syndication before its cancellation. Out of This World ran for three additional seasons, airing mainly on weekends, and was the most successful of the five series.

NBC
NBC
aired the first of eight consecutive Summer Olympic Games broadcasts when it covered the 1988 Games in Seoul
Seoul
, South Korea
South Korea
. The 1988–89 season saw NBC
NBC
have an astonishing 18 series in Nielsen's year-end Top 30 most-watched network programs; it also ranked at first place in the weekly ratings for more than 12 months, an unprecedented achievement that has not been duplicated since. The network continued its hot streak into the early 1990s with new hits such as The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air , Blossom and Law & Order
Law & Order
.

"Must See TV"

Main article: Must See TV

In 1991, Tartikoff left his role as NBC's President of Entertainment to take an executive position at Paramount Pictures
Paramount Pictures
. In the course of a decade, he had taken control of a network with no shows in the Nielsen Top 10 and left it with five. Tartikoff was succeeded by Warren Littlefield , whose first years as entertainment president proved shaky as a result of most of the Tartikoff-era hits ending their runs. Some blamed Littlefield for losing David Letterman
David Letterman
to CBS after naming Jay Leno
Jay Leno
as the successor to Johnny Carson on The Tonight Show, following the latter's retirement as host in May 1992. Things turned around with the launches of new hit series such as Mad About You , Wings , Sisters , Frasier , Friends
Friends
, ER and Will the deal stripped NBC
NBC
of National Football League
National Football League
(NFL) game telecasts after 59 years and AFC games after 36 years (dating back to its existence as the American Football League
American Football League
prior to its 1970 merger with the NFL).

Littlefield left NBC
NBC
in 1998 to pursue a career as a television and film producer, with the network subsequently going through three entertainment presidents in three years. Littlefield was replaced as president of NBC
NBC
Entertainment by Scott Sassa , who oversaw the development of such shows as The West Wing , Law even so, the strength of Friends, Will Jerry Orbach
Jerry Orbach
, who had played one of the most popular characters of its hit Law the move was done in the hopes of attracting new viewers, although the network saw only a slight boost.

In December 2005, NBC
NBC
began its first week-long primetime game show event, Deal or No Deal ; the series garnered high ratings, and returning as a weekly series in March 2006. Otherwise, the 2005–06 season was one of the worst for NBC
NBC
in three decades, with only one fall series, the sitcom My Name Is Earl
My Name Is Earl
, surviving for a second season; the sole remaining anchor of the "Must See TV" lineup, Will two critically acclaimed sitcoms, The Office and 30 Rock
30 Rock
, also pulled in modest successes and went on to win the Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series for four consecutive years. The network also regained the rights to the NFL after eight years that season when it acquired the Sunday Night Football package from ESPN
ESPN
(as part of a deal that also saw Monday Night Football move to ESPN
ESPN
from ABC). However, despite this, NBC
NBC
remained at a very distant fourth place, barely ranking ahead of The CW
The CW
.

However, NBC
NBC
did experience success with its summer schedule, despite its declining ratings during the main broadcast season. America\'s Got Talent , a reality talent competition series that premiered in 2006, earned a 4.6 rating in the 18-49 demographic, higher than that earned by the 2002 premiere of Fox's American Idol . Got Talent (which is the flagship of an international talent competition franchise ) would continue to garner unusually high ratings throughout its summer run. However, NBC
NBC
decided not to place it in the spring season, and instead use it as a platform to promote their upcoming fall shows. Originally hosted by Regis Philbin
Regis Philbin
, as of 2013 the series is currently hosted by Nick Cannon
Nick Cannon
, and continues to garner strong ratings throughout its summer seasons. In March 2007, NBC
NBC
announced that it would begin offering full-length episodes of its prime time series for streaming on mobile devices, becoming the first U.S. broadcast network to offer on-demand mobile episode content, as the market began shifting away from traditional television.

Following the unexpected termination of Kevin Reilly, in 2007, Ben Silverman was appointed president of NBC
NBC
Entertainment, while Jeff Zucker was promoted to succeed Bob Wright as CEO of NBC. The network failed to generate any new primetime hits during the 2008–09 season (despite the rare good fortune of having the rights to both the Super Bowl and the Summer Olympics in which to promote their new programming slate), the sitcom Parks and Recreation survived for a second season after a six-episode first season, while Heroes and Deal or No Deal both collapsed in the ratings and were later cancelled (with a revamped Deal or No Deal being revived for one additional season in syndication). In a March 2009 interview, Zucker had stated that he no longer believed it would be possible for NBC
NBC
to become #1 in prime time. Ben Silverman left the network in 2009, with Jeff Gaspin replacing him as president of NBC
NBC
Entertainment.

Comcast
Comcast
Era (2011–present)

See also: 2010 Tonight Show conflict
2010 Tonight Show conflict

On December 3, 2009, Comcast
Comcast
announced they would purchase a 51% controlling stake in NBC
NBC
Universal from General Electric (which would retain the remaining 49%) for $6.5 billion in cash and $9.1 billion in raised debt. GE used $5.8 billion from the deal to buy out Vivendi's 20% interest in NBC
NBC
Universal.

NBC's broadcast of the 2010 Winter Olympics
2010 Winter Olympics
in Vancouver
Vancouver
, in February of that year, generated a ratings increase of 21% over its broadcast of the 2006 Winter Games in Torino . The network was criticized for repeatedly showing footage of a crash occurring during practice for an Olympic luge competition that killed Georgian luger Nodar Kumaritashvili . NBC News president Steve Capus ordered the footage not to be shown without his permission and Olympics prime time host Bob Costas
Bob Costas
promised on-air that the video would not be shown again during the Games. NBC
NBC
Universal was on track to lose $250 million in advertising revenue on that year's Winter Olympics, failing to make up the $820 million it paid for the U.S. television rights. Even so, with its continuing position in fourth place (although it virtually tied with ABC in many demographics on the strength of NBC's sports broadcasts that year ), the 2009–10 season ended with only two scripted shows – Community and Parenthood , as well as three unscripted shows – The Marriage Ref , Who Do You Think You Are? and Minute to Win It
Minute to Win It
– being renewed for second seasons, while other series such as Heroes and veteran crime drama Law "> Supporters of Conan O'Brien's hosting duties at The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
stage a protest outside Universal Studios
Universal Studios
in Los Angeles.

After Conan O\'Brien succeeded Jay Leno
Jay Leno
as host of The Tonight Show in 2009, the network gave Leno a new prime time talk show , committing to air it every weeknight at 10:00 p.m. Eastern and Pacific as an inexpensive comedic alternative to the police procedurals and other hour-long dramas typically aired in that time slot. In doing so, NBC became the first major U.S. broadcast network in decades, if ever, to broadcast the same program in a weekdaily prime time strip . Its executives called the decision "a transformational moment in the history of broadcasting" and "in effect, launching five shows." Conversely, industry executives criticized the network for abandoning a history of airing quality dramas in the 10:00 hour, and expressed concern that it would hurt NBC
NBC
by undermining a reputation built on successful scripted series. Citing complaints from many affiliates, which saw their late-evening newscasts drop significantly in the local ratings during The Jay Leno
Jay Leno
Show 's run, NBC
NBC
announced on January 10, 2010 that it would drop Leno's show from the 10:00 p.m. slot – with Zucker announcing plans to shift the program (which would have been reduced to a half-hour) into the 11:35 p.m. slot and shift its existing late night lineup (including The Tonight Show) by 30 minutes. The removal of The Jay Leno
Jay Leno
Show from its prime time schedule had almost no impact on the network's ratings. The increases NBC experienced in the 2010–11 season compared to 2009–10 were almost entirely attributable to the rising viewership of NBC
NBC
Sunday Night Football. By 2012, the shows that occupied the 10:00 p.m. time slot drew lower numbers than The Jay Leno
Jay Leno
Show did when it aired in that hour two years before. In the spring of 2010, cable provider and multimedia firm Comcast
Comcast
announced it would acquire a majority interest in NBC
NBC
Universal from General Electric, which would retain a minority stake in the company in the interim.

On September 24, 2010, Jeff Zucker announced that he would step down as NBC
NBC
Universal's CEO once the company's merger with Comcast
Comcast
was completed at the end of the year. After the deal was finalized, Steve Burke was named CEO of NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
and Robert Greenblatt replaced Jeff Gaspin as chairman of NBC
NBC
Entertainment. In 2011, NBC was finally able to find a breakout hit in the midseason reality singing competition series The Voice . Otherwise, NBC
NBC
had another tough season, with every single new fall program getting cancelled by season's end - the third time this has happened to the network after the fall of 1975, and the fall of 1983 - and the midseason legal drama Harry\'s Law being its only freshman scripted series to be renewed for the 2011–12 season . The network nearly completed its full conversion to an all-HD schedule (outside of the Saturday morning time slot leased by the Qubo consortium, which NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
would rescind its stake in the following year) on September 20, 2011, when Last Call with Carson Daly converted to the format with the premiere of its 11th season.

The 2011–12 season was another tough season for NBC. On the upside, the network's broadcast of Super Bowl XLVI was the most-watched program in U.S. television history at the time, and the network's Monday night midseason lineup of The Voice and musical-drama Smash was very successful. The network managed to lift itself into third place in the 18-49 demographic in the 2011–12 season, primarily on the strength of those three programs (SNF, The Voice, and Smash), breaking the network's eight-year streak in fourth place. Four shows survived for a second season, but three of them were cancelled in the following year, none were unqualified ratings successes, and the network remained a distant fourth place in total viewership.

In the fall of 2012, NBC
NBC
greatly expanded its sitcom roster, with eight comedy series airing on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday nights. NBC
NBC
bounced back to first place network in adults 18-49 that fall, boosted by the new season of The Voice, the initial success of freshman drama Revolution and sitcom Go On , and the continued strength of Sunday Night Football. However, withholding the new season of The Voice and benching Revolution until late March, the network's midseason ratings suffered, falling to fifth place behind Spanish-language network Univision during the February sweeps period . The 2012–13 season ended with NBC
NBC
finishing in third place overall, albeit by a narrow margin, with only three new shows, all dramas, surviving for a second season (Revolution, Chicago
Chicago
Fire and Hannibal ).

In 2013, NBC Sports migrated its business and production operations (including NBCSN
NBCSN
) to new facilities in Stamford, Connecticut
Stamford, Connecticut
. Production of the network's NFL pre-game show Football Night in America remained at the NBC
NBC
Studios at Rockefeller Center
Rockefeller Center
(with production operations based in Studio 8G, while the program itself was broadcast in Studio 8H, the longtime home of Saturday Night Live), until it migrated to the Stamford facility in September 2014. Despite the failure of another highly advertised game show event, The Million Second Quiz , the 2013–14 season was mostly successful for NBC
NBC
due to the continued success of The Voice, Chicago
Chicago
Fire, Revolution, Sunday Night Football and Grimm . Along with new hits including The Blacklist , Hannibal and Chicago
Chicago
PD and a significant ratings boost from its broadcast of the 2014 Winter Olympics
2014 Winter Olympics
, NBC
NBC
became the #1 network in the coveted 18-49 demographic that season for the first time since 2003–04, when Friends
Friends
ended. NBC
NBC
also improved considerably in total viewership, finishing behind long-dominant CBS in second place for the season.

The 2014–15 season was something of a mixed bag for NBC, but still successful. NBC
NBC
launched eight new series that year, with only one, comedy-drama police procedural The Mysteries of Laura , being renewed for a second season. Nevertheless, the network continued to experience success with most of its returning series, especially The Blacklist (despite a modest decline in viewership following its move to Thursdays midway through the season, due partly to an initial weak lead-in from miniseries The Slap ). Combined with the record number of viewers tuning in to Super Bowl XLIX , NBC
NBC
again finished #1 in the 18-49 demographic and in second place overall.

The 2015–16 season was successful for NBC, with the successful launch of the new drama Blindspot premiering after The Voice , then subsequently being renewed for a second season in November 2015. NBC also continued with the success with the Chicago
Chicago
franchise with launching its second spin-off Chicago
Chicago
Med , which also received an early second season pick up in February 2016. Thursday nights continues to be a struggle for NBC, with continued success with the third season of The Blacklist
The Blacklist
brought the failed launch of Heroes Reborn which was cancelled in January 2016, and thriller The Player , however NBC
NBC
found success with police procedural Shades of Blue which improved the 10pm time slot and was renewed for a second season in February 2016. On the comedy side, NBC
NBC
surprisingly found success in the new workplace sitcom Superstore which premiered as a "preview" after The Voice in November 2015, and officially launched in January 2016 which brought decent ratings for a new comedy without The Voice as a lead-in and which was subsequently renewed for a second season in February 2016.

The 2016–17 season brought more success for NBC
NBC
with new Comedy-drama This Is Us which was well received by critics and ratings and was renewed for two additional seasons in January 2017. The Blacklist continued to bring in modest ratings however, it brought the failed launch of its spinoff The Blacklist: Redemption . NBC
NBC
continued to grow the Chicago
Chicago
franchise with a third spinoff titled Chicago Justice . On the comedy side, workplace sitcom Superstore continued success in its second season. The network launched new fantasy sitcom The Good Place following The Voice and brought in modest ratings and was renewed for a second season in January 2017.

PROGRAMMING

Main articles: List of programs broadcast by NBC and List of programs previously broadcast by NBC
NBC

As of 2013 , NBC
NBC
provides 87 hours of regularly scheduled network programming each week. The network provides 22 hours of prime time programming to affiliated stations Monday through Saturdays from 8:00–11:00 p.m. (7:00–10:00 p.m. in all other U.S. time zones) and Sundays from 7:00–11:00 p.m. Eastern and Pacific Time (6:00–10:00 p.m. in all other time zones).

Daytime programming is also provided weekdays between 12:00 and 3:00 p.m. in the form of the one-hour weekday soap opera Days of Our Lives (the scheduling of the program varies depending on the station, although it is initially fed to affiliates at 1:00 p.m. Eastern). NBC News programming includes the morning news/interview program Today from 7:00–11:00 a.m. weekdays, 7:00–9:00 on Saturdays and 7:00–8:00 on Sundays; nightly editions of NBC Nightly News
NBC Nightly News
(whose weekend editions are occasionally subject to abbreviation or preemption due to sports telecasts overrunning into the program's time slot), the Sunday political talk show Meet the Press
Meet the Press
, weekday early-morning news program Early Today
Early Today
and newsmagazine Dateline NBC . Late nights feature the weeknight talk shows The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
Starring Jimmy Fallon , Late Night with Seth Meyers and Last Call with Carson Daly , weeknight replays of the fourth hour of Today and CNBC
CNBC
program Mad Money , and the sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live , and the LXTV -produced 1st Look and Open House NYC on Saturdays (replays of the previous week's 1st Look also air on Friday late nights on most stations).

The network's Saturday morning children's programming time slot is programmed by Litton Entertainment under a time-lease agreement. The three-hour block of programming designed for 14-16 year-old teenage viewers is under the umbrella branding of The More You Know , based on the network's long-time strand of internally-produced public service announcements of the same name . It premiered on October 8, 2016, giving Litton control of all but Fox's Saturday morning E/I programming among the five major broadcast networks.

Sports programming is also provided weekend afternoons at any time between 12:00 and 6:00 p.m. (9:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m., or tape-delayed in the Pacific Time Zone). Due to the unpredictable length of sporting events, NBC
NBC
will occasionally pre-empt scheduled programs (more common with the weekend editions of NBC
NBC
Nightly News, and local and syndicated programs carried by its owned-and-operated stations and affiliates). NBC
NBC
has also held the American broadcasting rights to the Summer Olympic Games since the 1988 games and the rights to the Winter Olympic Games since the 2002 games. Coverage of the Olympics on NBC have included pre-empting regularly scheduled programs during daytime, primetime, and late night.

NBC
NBC
NEWS

Main article: NBC News

News coverage has long been an important part of NBC's operations and public image, dating to the network's radio days. Notable NBC
NBC
News productions past and present include Today, NBC Nightly News
NBC Nightly News
(and its immediate predecessor, the Huntley-Brinkley Report
Huntley-Brinkley Report
), Meet the Press (which has the distinction of the longest continuously running program in the history of American television), Dateline NBC, Early Today, NBC News at Sunrise , NBC Nightside and Rock Center with Brian Williams .

In 1989, the news division began its expansion to cable with the launch of business news channel CNBC. The company eventually formed other cable news services including MSNBC
MSNBC
(created in 1996 originally as a joint venture with Microsoft
Microsoft
, which now features a mix of general news and political discussion programs with a liberal stance), and the 2008 acquisition of The Weather Channel
The Weather Channel
in conjunction with Blackstone Group
Blackstone Group
and Bain Capital . In addition, NBCSN
NBCSN
(operated as part of the NBC Sports Group, and which became an NBC
NBC
property through Comcast's acquisition of NBCUniversal) carries sports news content alongside sports event telecasts. Key anchors from NBC News are also used during NBC Sports coverage of the Olympic Games .

DAYTIME PROGRAMMING

Main article: NBC Daytime

NBC
NBC
is currently the home to only one daytime program, the hour-long soap opera Days of Our Lives, which has been broadcast on the network since 1965. Since NBC
NBC
turned back an hour of its then two-hour daytime schedule to its affiliates as a result of the September 2007 expansion of Today to four hours, the network currently ties with The CW
The CW
for the fewest daytime programming hours of any major broadcast television network.

Long-running daytime dramas seen on NBC
NBC
in the past include The Doctors (1963–1982), Another World (1964–1999), Santa Barbara (1984–1993), and Passions
Passions
(1999–2007, later moving to The 101 ). NBC
NBC
also aired the final 4½ years of Search for Tomorrow (1982–1986) after that series was initially cancelled by CBS, although many NBC
NBC
affiliates did not clear the show during its tenure on the network. NBC
NBC
has also aired numerous short-lived soap operas, including Generations (1989–1991), Sunset Beach (1997–1999), and the two Another World spin-offs, Somerset (1970–1976) and Texas (1980–1982).

Notable daytime game shows that once aired on NBC
NBC
include The Price Is Right (1956–1963), Concentration (1958–1973 and 1987–1991 as Classic Concentration), The Match Game (1962–1969), Let\'s Make a Deal (1963–1968 and 1990–1991, as well as a short-lived primetime revival in 2002), Jeopardy!
Jeopardy!
(1964–1975 and 1978–1979), The Hollywood Squares
Hollywood Squares
(1966–1980), Wheel of Fortune (1975–1989 and 1991), Password Plus/Super Password (1979–1982 and 1984–1989), Sale of the Century (1969–1973 and 1983–1989) and Scrabble (1984–1990 and 1993). The last game show ever to air as part of NBC's daytime schedule was the short-lived Caesars Challenge , which ended in January 1994.

Notable past daytime talk shows that have aired on NBC
NBC
have included Home (1954–1957), The Ernie Kovacs Show (1955–1956), The Merv Griffin Show (1962–1963), Leeza (1994–1999) and Later Today (1999–2000).

CHILDREN\'S PROGRAMMING

Main articles: Children\'s programming on NBC
NBC
, TNBC , Discovery Kids on NBC
NBC
, qubo , and NBC Kids

Children's programming has played a part in NBC's programming since its initial roots in television. NBC's first major children's series, Howdy Doody , debuted in 1947 and was one of the era's first breakthrough television shows. From the mid-1960s until 1992, the bulk of NBC's children's programming was composed of mainly animated programming including classic Looney Tunes and Woody Woodpecker shorts; reruns of primetime animated sitcoms such as The Flintstones and The Jetsons
The Jetsons
; foreign acquisitions like Astro Boy
Astro Boy
and Kimba the White Lion ; animated adaptions of Punky Brewster , ALF and Star Trek as well as animated vehicles for Gary Coleman and Mr. T ; live-action programs like The Banana Splits , The Bugaloos and H.R. Pufnstuf ; and the original broadcasts of Gumby , The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show
The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show
, Underdog , The Smurfs
The Smurfs
, Alvin and the Chipmunks and Disney\'s Adventures of the Gummi Bears . From 1984 to 1989, the network aired a series of public service announcements called One to Grow On , which aired after the end credits of every program or every other children's program.

In 1989, NBC
NBC
premiered Saved by the Bell
Saved by the Bell
, a live-action teen sitcom which originated on The Disney Channel the previous year as Good Morning, Miss Bliss (which served as a starring vehicle for Hayley Mills ; four cast members from that show were cast in the NBC
NBC
series as the characters they originally played on Miss Bliss). Saved by the Bell, despite being given bad reviews from television critics, would become one of the most popular teen series in television history as well as the top-rated series on Saturday mornings, dethroning ABC's The Bugs Bunny and Tweety Show in its first season.

The success of Saved by the Bell
Saved by the Bell
led NBC
NBC
to remove animated series from its Saturday morning lineup in August 1992 in favor of additional live-action series as part of a new block called TNBC , along with the debut of a Saturday edition of Today . Most of the series featured on the TNBC lineup were executive produced by Peter Engel (such as City Guys , Hang Time , California Dreams
California Dreams
, One World and the Saved by the Bell spinoff, Saved by the Bell: The New Class ), with the lineup being designed from the start to meet the earliest form of the FCC's educational programming guidelines under the Children\'s Television Act . NBA Inside Stuff, an analysis and interview program aimed at teens that was hosted for most of its run by Ahmad Rashād , was also a part of the TNBC lineup during the NBA season until 2002 (when the program moved to ABC as a result of that network taking the NBA rights from NBC).

In 2002, NBC
NBC
entered into an agreement with Discovery Communications to carry educational children's programs from the Discovery Kids cable channel. Debuting that September, the Discovery Kids on NBC
Discovery Kids on NBC
block originally consisted exclusively of live-action series, including reality series Trading Spaces: Boys vs. Girls (a kid-themed version of the TLC series Trading Spaces
Trading Spaces
); the Emmy-nominated reality game show Endurance , hosted and produced by J. D. Roth (whose production company, 3-Ball Productions, would also produce reality series The Biggest Loser for NBC
NBC
beginning in 2003); and scripted series such as Strange Days at Blake Holsey High and Scout\'s Safari . The block later expanded to include some animated series such as Kenny the Shark , Tutenstein
Tutenstein
and Time Warp Trio .

In May 2006, NBC
NBC
announced plans to launch a new Saturday morning children's block under the Qubo brand in September 2006. An endeavor originally operated as a joint venture between NBC
NBC
Universal, Ion Media Networks , Scholastic Press , Classic Media and Corus Entertainment 's Nelvana
Nelvana
unit (Ion acquired the other partners' shares in 2013), the Qubo venture also encompassed weekly blocks on Telemundo and Ion Television , a 24-hour digital multicast network on Ion's owned-and-operated and affiliated stations, as well as video on demand services and a branded website. Qubo launched on NBC
NBC
on September 9, 2006 with six programs ( VeggieTales , Dragon , VeggieTales Presents: 3-2-1 Penguins!
3-2-1 Penguins!
, Babar , Jane and the Dragon and Jacob Two-Two ).

On March 28, 2012, it was announced that NBC
NBC
would launch a new Saturday morning preschool block programmed by Sprout (originally jointly owned by NBCUniversal, PBS , Sesame Workshop
Sesame Workshop
and Apax Partners , with the former acquiring the other's interests later that year). The block, NBC Kids , premiered on July 7, 2012, replacing the "Qubo on NBC" block.

SPECIALS

NBC
NBC
holds the broadcast rights to several annual specials and award show telecasts including the Golden Globe Awards and the Emmy Awards (which is rotated across all four major networks each year). Since 1952, NBC
NBC
has served as the official U.S. broadcaster of the Macy\'s Thanksgiving Day Parade . CBS
CBS
also carries unauthorized coverage of the Macy's parade as part of The Thanksgiving Day Parade on CBS; However, as NBC
NBC
holds rights to the parade, it has exclusivity over the broadcast of Broadway and music performances appearing in the parade ( CBS
CBS
airs live performances separate from those seen in the parade as a result), and Macy's chose to reroute the parade in 2012 out of the view of CBS' cameras, although it continues to cover the parade. NBC
NBC
began airing a same-day rebroadcast of the parade telecast in 2009 (replacing its annual Thanksgiving afternoon airing of Miracle on 34th Street ). In 2007, NBC
NBC
acquired the rights to the National Dog Show , which airs following the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade
Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade
each year.

The network also broadcasts several live-action and animated specials during the Christmas holiday season , including the 2014 debuts How Murray Saved Christmas (an animated musical adaptation of the children's book of the same name) and Elf: Buddy\'s Musical Christmas (a stop-motion animated special based on the 2003 live-action film Elf ).

Since 2013, the network airs live musical adaptations.

* The Sound of Music in 2013 * Peter Pan in 2014 * The Wiz in 2015 * Hairspray in 2016 * Bye Bye Birdie in 2017 (upcoming)

From 2003 to 2014, NBC
NBC
also held rights to two of the three pageants organized by the Miss Universe Organization
Miss Universe Organization
: the Miss Universe
Miss Universe
and Miss USA pageants ( NBC
NBC
also held rights to the Miss Teen USA pageant from 2003, when NBC
NBC
also assumed rights to the Miss USA and Miss Universe pageants as part of a deal brokered by Miss Universe Organization owner Donald Trump that gave the network half-ownership of the pageants, until 2007, when NBC
NBC
declined to renew its contract to carry Miss Teen USA, effectively discontinuing televised broadcasts of that event). NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
relinquished the rights to Miss Universe and Miss USA on June 29, 2015, as part of its decision to cut business ties with Donald Trump and the Miss Universe Organization
Miss Universe Organization
(which was half-owned by corporate parent NBCUniversal) in response to controversial remarks about Mexican immigrants made by Trump during the launch of his 2016 campaign for the Republican Presidential nomination .

PROGRAMMING LIBRARY

Through the years, NBC
NBC
has produced many in-house programs, in addition to airing content from other producers such as Revue Studios and its successor Universal Television. Notable in-house productions by NBC
NBC
have included Get Smart , Bonanza
Bonanza
, Little House on the Prairie, Las Vegas and Crossing Jordan
Crossing Jordan
.

NBC
NBC
sold the distribution rights to programs it produced prior to that year to National Telefilm Associates in 1973; those rights are currently owned by CBS
CBS
Television Distribution , although NBC
NBC
still owns the copyrights to the episodes. As a result, NBC, in a way, now owns several other series aired on the network prior to 1973, such as Wagon Train
Wagon Train
. NBC
NBC
continues to own its entire library of programs produced after 1973, through corporate sister NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
Television Group (the successor to Universal Television).

STATIONS

Main articles: List of NBC television affiliates (by U.S. state) , List of NBC television affiliates (table) , and NBC
NBC
Owned Television Stations

As of January 2017 , NBC
NBC
has eleven owned-and-operated stations and current and pending affiliation agreements with 220 additional television stations encompassing 48 states, the District of Columbia, six U.S. possessions and two non-U.S. territories ( Aruba and Bermuda ). The network has a national reach of 95.92% of all households in the United States
United States
(or 299,732,600 Americans with at least one television set).

Currently, New Hampshire and New Jersey are the only U.S. states where NBC
NBC
does not have a locally licensed affiliate ( New Hampshire is currently served via the second subchannel of Telemundo O&O WNEU
WNEU
with a simulcast of Boston-based O&O WBTS-LD ), while New Jersey is served by New York City
New York City
O&O WNBC-TV and Philadelphia
Philadelphia
O New Jersey formerly had an in-state affiliate in Atlantic City -based WMGM-TV
WMGM-TV
, which was affiliated with the network from 1955 to 2014). NBC
NBC
maintains affiliations with low-power stations (broadcasting either in analog or digital) in a few smaller markets, such as Binghamton, New York ( WBGH-CD ), Jackson, Tennessee
Jackson, Tennessee
( WNBJ-LD ) and Juneau, Alaska
Juneau, Alaska
(KATH-LD ), that do not have enough full-power stations to support a standalone affiliate. In some markets, these stations also maintain digital simulcasts on a subchannel of a co-owned/co-managed full-power television station.

As mentioned with New Hampshire and Boston, NBC
NBC
operates a low-powered station in Boston, WBTS-LD , which aims to serve as its station in that market while using a network of additional full-power stations to cover the market in full. This is expected to be a temporary arrangement, as broadcasters like NBC
NBC
are currently unable to purchase any new full-power television stations during the current FCC spectrum auction .

Currently outside of the NBC Owned Television Stations -operated O Gray Television is the largest operator of NBC
NBC
stations by numerical total, owning 23 NBC-affiliated stations.

RELATED SERVICES

VIDEO-ON-DEMAND SERVICES

NBC
NBC
provides video on demand access for delayed viewing of the network's programming through various means, including via its website at NBC.com, a traditional VOD service called NBC
NBC
on Demand available on most traditional cable and IPTV
IPTV
providers, and through content deals with Hulu
Hulu
and Netflix
Netflix
(the latter of which carries only cataloged episodes of NBC
NBC
programs, after losing the right to carry newer episodes of its programs during their current seasons in July 2011). NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
is a part-owner of Hulu
Hulu
(as part of a consortium that includes, among other parties, the respective parent companies of ABC and Fox, The Walt Disney Company and 21st Century Fox ), and has offered full-length episodes of most of NBC's programming through the streaming service (which are available for viewing on Hulu's website and mobile app ) since Hulu
Hulu
launched in private beta testing on October 29, 2007.

The most recent episodes of the network's shows are usually made available on NBC.com and Hulu
Hulu
the day after their original broadcast. In addition, NBC.com and certain other partner websites (including Hulu) provide complete back catalogs of most of its current series as well as a limited selection of episodes of classic series from the NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
Television Distribution program library – including shows not broadcast by NBC
NBC
during their original runs (including the complete or partial episode catalogs of shows like 30 Rock, The A-Team, Charles in Charge , Emergency!
Emergency!
, Knight Rider (both the original series and the short-lived 2008 reboot ), Kojak , Miami
Miami
Vice, The Office, Quantum Leap and Simon it has transmitted limited NBC programming in UHD through a secondary subchannel, and is currently the only station overall which transmits NBC's schedule in 1080p
1080p
on its main subchannel.

Meet the Press
Meet the Press
was the first regular series on a major television network to produce a high-definition broadcast on February 2, 1997, which aired in the format over WHD-TV in Washington, D.C., an experimental television station owned by a consortium of industry groups and stations which launched to allow testing of HD broadcasts and operated until 2002 (the program itself continued to be transmitted in 480i standard definition over the NBC
NBC
network until May 2, 2010, when it became the last NBC News program to convert to HD). NBC
NBC
officially began its conversion to high definition with the launch of its simulcast feed, NBC
NBC
HD, on April 26, 1999, when The Tonight Show became the first HD program to air on the NBC
NBC
network as well as the first regularly scheduled American network program to be produced and transmitted in high definition. The network gradually converted much of its existing programming from standard-definition to high definition beginning with the 2002–03 season , with select shows among that season's slate of freshmen scripted series being broadcast in HD from their debuts.

The network completed its conversion to high definition in September 2012, with the launch of NBC
NBC
Kids, a new Saturday morning children's block programmed by new partial sister network PBS Kids Sprout , which also became the second Saturday morning children's block with an entirely HD schedule (after the ABC-syndicated Litton\'s Weekend Adventure ). All of the network's programming has been presented in full HD since then (with the exception of certain holiday specials produced prior to 2005 – such as its annual broadcast of It's a Wonderful Life – which continue to be presented in 4:3 SD, although some have been remastered for HD broadcast).

NBCI

NBCi header used from 1999 to 2007.

In 1999, NBC
NBC
launched NBCi (briefly changing its web address to "www.nbci.com"), a heavily advertised online venture serving as an attempt to launch an Internet
Internet
portal and homepage . This move saw NBC partner with XOOM.com , e-mail.com, AllBusiness.com , and Snap.com (eventually acquiring all four companies outright) to launch a multi-faceted internet portal with e-mail, webhosting, community, chat and personalization capabilities, and news content. Subsequently, in April 2000, NBC
NBC
purchased GlobalBrain, a company specializing in search engines that learned from searches initiated by its users, for $32 million.

The experiment lasted roughly one season; after its failure, NBCi's operations were folded back into NBC. The NBC
NBC
Television portion of the website reverted to NBC.com. However, the NBCi website continued in operation as a portal for NBC-branded content (NBCi.com would be redirected to NBCi.msnbc.com), using a co-branded version of InfoSpace to deliver minimal portal content. In mid-2007, NBCi.com began to mirror the main NBC.com website; NBCi.com was eventually redirected to the NBC.com domain in 2010.

EVOLUTION OF THE NBC
NBC
LOGO

Main article: Logo of NBC

NBC
NBC
has used a number of logos throughout its history; early logos used by the television and radio networks were similar to the logo of its then parent company, RCA. Logos used later in NBC's existence incorporated stylized peacock designs, including the current version that has been in use since 1986.

INTERNATIONAL BROADCASTS

CANADA

NBC
NBC
network programs can be received throughout most of Canada on cable, satellite and IPTV
IPTV
providers through certain U.S.-based affiliates of the network (such as WBTS-LD /Boston, KING-TV /Seattle, KBJR-TV / Duluth, Minnesota
Duluth, Minnesota
, WGRZ
WGRZ
/ Buffalo, New York
Buffalo, New York
and WDIV-TV / Detroit
Detroit
). Some programs carried on these stations are subject to simultaneous substitutions , a practice imposed by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission in which a pay television provider supplants an American station's signal with a feed from a Canadian station/network airing a particular program in the same time slot to protect domestic advertising revenue. Some of these affiliates are also receivable over-the-air in southern areas of the country located near the Canada– United States
United States
border (signal coverage was somewhat reduced after the digital television transition in 2009 due to the lower radiated power required to transmit digital signals).

EUROPE AND THE MIDDLE EAST

NBC
NBC
no longer exists outside the Americas as a channel in its own right. However, NBC News and MSNBC
MSNBC
programs are broadcast for a few hours a day on Orbit News in Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Sister network CNBC
CNBC
Europe also broadcasts occasional breaking news coverage from MSNBC
MSNBC
as well as The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
Starring Jimmy Fallon (until 2010, the channel formerly broadcast daily airings of NBC Nightly News).

NBC
NBC
Super Channel Becomes NBC
NBC
Europe

In 1993, then- NBC
NBC
parent General Electric acquired Super Channel, relaunching the Pan-European cable network as NBC
NBC
Super Channel. In 1996, the channel was renamed NBC Europe
NBC Europe
, but was, from then on, almost always referred to on-air as simply "NBC".

Most of NBC
NBC
Europe's prime time programming was produced in Europe due to rights restrictions associated with U.S. primetime shows; the channel's weekday late night schedule after 11:00 p.m. Central European Time , however, featured The Tonight Show, Late Night with Conan O\'Brien and Later , which the channel's slogan "Where the Stars Come Out at Night" was based around. Many NBC News programs were broadcast on NBC
NBC
Europe, including Dateline NBC, Meet the Press
Meet the Press
and NBC
NBC
Nightly News, the latter of which was broadcast simultaneously with the initial U.S. telecast. Today was also initially aired live in the afternoons, but was later broadcast instead the following morning on a more than half-day delay.

In 1999, NBC Europe
NBC Europe
ceased broadcasting in most of Europe outside of Germany; the network was concurrently relaunched as a German-language technology channel aimed at a younger demographic, with the new series NBC
NBC
GIGA as its flagship program. In 2005, the channel was relaunched again as the free-to-air movie channel Das Vierte . GIGA Television was subsequently spun off as a separate digital channel, available on satellite and cable providers in Germany, Austria and Switzerland.

LATIN AMERICA

Mexico

NBC
NBC
programming is available in Mexico
Mexico
through affiliates in markets located within proximity to the Mexico– United States
United States
border (such as KYMA-DT / Yuma, Arizona
Yuma, Arizona
; KGNS-TV / Laredo, Texas
Laredo, Texas
; KTSM /El Paso, Texas ; KVEO / Brownsville, Texas
Brownsville, Texas
; and KNSD
KNSD
/ San Diego
San Diego
), whose signals are readily receivable over-the-air in border areas of northern Mexico. Some U.S.-based border affiliates are also available on domestic cable and satellite providers throughout the country, including in the Mexico
Mexico
City area.

Nicaragua

In Nicaragua , satellite providers carry either select U.S.-based NBC and Telemundo affiliated stations or the main network feed from NBC Universal or Telemundo. The main local affiliate stations are NBC
NBC
6 WTVJ , Telemundo 51 WSCV in Miami
Miami
. In addition to the NBC
NBC
programming there is also available by the NBC
NBC
sister network Telemundo, a Spanish network based in the United States.

Canal De Noticias

In 1993, NBC
NBC
launched a 24-hour Spanish-language news channel serving Latin America (the second news channel serving that region overall, after Noticias ECO , and the first to broadcast 24 hours a day), Canal de Noticias NBC, which based its news schedule around the "wheel" format conceived at CNN. The channel, which was headquartered in the offices of the NBC News Channel affiliate news service in Charlotte, North Carolina , employed over 50 journalists to produce, write, anchor and provide technical services. Canal de Noticias NBC
NBC
shut down in 1999 due to the channel's inability to generate sustainable advertising revenue.

CARIBBEAN

In the Caribbean, many cable and satellite providers carry either select U.S.-based NBC
NBC
affiliated stations or the main network feed from NBC
NBC
O because of the time difference with the six U.S. time zones, live sports coverage often airs on the station early in the morning. KUAM's programming is relayed to the Northern Mariana Islands via satellite station WSZE in Saipan .

American Samoa

In American Samoa , NBC
NBC
was affiliated with KKHJ-LP in Pago Pago
Pago Pago
from 2005 to 2012. Cable television providers on the islands carry the network's programming via Seattle affiliate KING-TV.

Federated States Of Micronesia

In the Federated States of Micronesia , NBC
NBC
programming is available on domestic cable providers via Honolulu
Honolulu
affiliate KHNL
KHNL
.

ASIA

NBC
NBC
Asia And CNBC
CNBC
Asia

NBC
NBC
Asia launched in 1994, distributed to Nepal
Nepal
, Japan, Malaysia
Malaysia
, South Korea
South Korea
, Taiwan
Taiwan
, Thailand
Thailand
, Pakistan and the Philippines . Like NBC
NBC
Europe, NBC
NBC
Asia featured most of NBC's news programs as well as The Tonight Show, Late Night and Saturday Night Live. Like its European counterpart, it was not allowed to broadcast American-produced primetime shows due to existing broadcast agreements with other domestic broadcasters. NBC
NBC
Asia produced a regional evening news program that aired each weeknight, and occasionally simulcast some programs from CNBC
CNBC
Asia and MSNBC. NBC
NBC
also operated NBC
NBC
Super Sports, a 24-hour channel devoted to televising sporting events.

In July 1998, NBC
NBC
Asia was replaced by a regional version of the National Geographic Channel . As is the case with NBC
NBC
Europe, CNBC Asia broadcasts select episodes of The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
and Late Night as well as Meet the Press
Meet the Press
are as part of its weekend schedule, and airs NFL games under the Sunday Night Football brand.

Regional Partners

Through regional partners, NBC-produced programs are seen in some countries in the continent. In the Philippines , Jack TV (owned by Solar Entertainment) airs Will a grand jury later acquitted him on murder charges while on trial in August 2013) is heard saying, "This guy looks like he's up to no good. He looks black." A portion of the tape in which Zimmerman was describing Martin to the 911 operator was removed in its broadcast version; in the unedited version, Zimmerman said, "This guy looks like he's up to no good. Or he's on drugs or something. It's raining and he's just walking around, looking about." The operator then asked, "OK, and this guy – is he black, white or Hispanic?", to which Zimmerman answered, "He looks black."

Following an internal investigation into the production of the segment, NBC News fired two employees involved with the piece, including a producer based at the division's Miami
Miami
bureau, and NBC News executive Lilia Luciano. In a statement, NBC
NBC
News' president at the time Steve Capus apologized, calling the editing "a mistake and not a deliberate act to misrepresent the phone call."

On December 6, 2012, George Zimmerman filed a defamation lawsuit against NBC, alleging that the phone call was edited intentionally to give the impression that he targeted Martin because he was black and to "create the myth that George Zimmerman was a racist and predatory villain". Florida Circuit Court Judge Debra Nelson dismissed the suit on June 30, 2014, citing that there were "no genuine issues" determinable by a jury that any "actual malice" was acted upon.

PRESIDENTS OF NBC
NBC
ENTERTAINMENT

EXECUTIVE TERM POSITION

Sylvester Weaver 1953–1955 Weaver was hired by NBC
NBC
in 1949, to help challenge CBS's ratings lead. While at NBC, Weaver established many operating practices that became standard for network television; he introduced the practice of networks producing their own television programs and selling advertising time during the broadcasts. Prior to this, advertising agencies usually developed each show for a particular client. Because commercial slots could now more easily be sold to more than one corporate sponsor for each program, a single advertiser pulling out of a program would not necessarily threaten it. Weaver also created several series for the network, Today (in 1952), Tonight Starring Steve Allen (in 1954, the first program in the Tonight Show franchise), Home (1954) and Wide Wide World (1955). Weaver strongly believed that broadcasting should educate as well as entertain and required NBC
NBC
shows to typically include at least one sophisticated cultural reference or performance per installment – including a segment of a Giuseppe Verdi opera adapted to the comedic style of Sid Caesar and Imogene Coca 's groundbreaking Your Show of Shows . Weaver did not ignore NBC
NBC
Radio and gave it a shot in the arm in 1955, at a time when network radio was dying and giving way to television, when he developed NBC
NBC
Monitor, a weekend-long magazine-style block featuring an array of news, music, comedy, drama and sports, with rotating advertisers and some of the most memorable names in broadcast journalism, entertainment and sports that ran until 1975 (20 years after Weaver's departure). Weaver departed shortly afterward, following disputes with NBC
NBC
chairman David Sarnoff, who believed that his ideas were either too expensive or too highbrow for company tastes. His respective successors, Robert Sarnoff and Robert Kintner, standardized the network's programming practices with far less of the ambitiousness that characterized the Weaver years.

Robert E. Kintner 1958–1966 Kintner was appointed President in 1958; his tenure at NBC
NBC
was marked by his aggressive effort to push the network's news division past CBS
CBS
News in ratings and prestige. The news division was given more money, leading it to gain additional resources to provide coverage, notably of the 1960 Presidential election campaign , and led the Huntley-Brinkley Report
Huntley-Brinkley Report
to prominence among the network news programs.

Julian Goodman 1966–1974 Goodman, who joined NBC
NBC
in 1966, helped establish Chet Huntley and David Brinkley as a well-known anchor team. While working at NBC, he negotiated a $1 million deal to retain Johnny Carson as host of The Tonight Show.

Herb Schlosser 1974–1978 After Johnny Carson announced he wanted to cancel the weekend editions of The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
in order to instead have repeats of it aired on weeknights, Schlosser approached his vice president of late night programming, Dick Ebersol , and asked him to create a show to fill the Saturday night time slot. At the suggestion of Paramount Pictures executive Barry Diller
Barry Diller
, Schlosser and Ebersol then approached Lorne Michaels
Lorne Michaels
. Over the next three weeks, Ebersol and Michaels developed the latter's idea for a variety show featuring high-concept comedy sketches, political satire, and music performances. By 1975 Michaels had assembled a talented cast, including Dan Aykroyd
Dan Aykroyd
, John Belushi
John Belushi
, Chevy Chase
Chevy Chase
, Jane Curtin , Garrett Morris , Laraine Newman , Michael O\'Donoghue , Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
, and George Coe . The show was originally called NBC's Saturday Night, because Saturday Night Live was in use by a program on the rival network ABC that was hosted by its sportscaster Howard Cosell . NBC purchased the rights to the name in 1976 and officially adopted the new title on March 26, 1977. Saturday Night Live remains on the air to this day.

Fred Silverman 1978–1981 Although Silverman developed many successful shows during his tenure at ABC, he left that network to become President and CEO of NBC in 1978. His three-year tenure at the network proved to be a difficult period for the network, marked by several high-profile failures such as Hello, Larry, Pink Lady and Jeff, Supertrain and the Jean Doumanian era of Saturday Night Live (Silverman hired Doumanian after Al Franken, the planned successor for outgoing creator/executive producer Lorne Michaels, castigated Silverman's failures in a sketch on the program ). Despite these failures, high points during Silverman's tenure included the launch of Hill Street Blues and the miniseries Shōgun. He also brought David Letterman
David Letterman
to the network to host daytime talker The David Letterman
David Letterman
Show , two years before the debut of Letterman's successful late night program in 1982, after Silverman negotiated a holding deal after the former's cancellation to keep Letterman from going to another network. However, Silverman nearly lost late night leader Johnny Carson, who filed a lawsuit against NBC during a contract dispute with the network; the case was settled out of court and Carson remained with NBC
NBC
in exchange for acquiring the rights to his show and permission to reduce his time on-air (leading to the use of guest hosts on The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
such as Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
and his immediate successor, Jay Leno). Silverman also developed successful sitcoms such as Diff'rent Strokes, The Facts of Life and Gimme a Break!, and made the series commitments that led to Cheers
Cheers
and St. Elsewhere. Silverman also pioneered the reality television genre with the 1979 debut of Real People. His contributions to the network's game show output included the Goodson-Todman -produced Card Sharks
Card Sharks
and a revival of Password, both of which enjoyed great success as part of the morning schedule, although he also canceled several other relatively popular series, including The Hollywood Squares
Hollywood Squares
and High Rollers , to make way for The David Letterman
David Letterman
Show (those cancellations also threatened Wheel of Fortune, whose host, Chuck Woolery , left in a payment dispute during Silverman's tenure, although the show survived). Silverman also oversaw, while simultaneously objecting to, the hiring of Pat Sajak as the new host of Wheel (Sajak remains as host to this day in its syndicated incarnation). On Saturday mornings, at a time when there was much similarity in animated content on the major networks, Silverman oversaw the development of an animated series based on The Smurfs (which ran from 1981 to 1989, well after Silverman's departure, making it one of his longest-lasting contributions to the network) as well as a revival of The Flintstones
The Flintstones
. In addition, Silverman revitalized the NBC News division, helping Today and NBC Nightly News
NBC Nightly News
achieve parity with their competition for the first time in years; and created a new FM radio division with competitive stations in New York City, Chicago, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. During his NBC
NBC
tenure, Silverman also brought in an entirely new divisional and corporate management team, which remained in place long after Silverman's departure (among this group was Brandon Tartikoff, who as President of Entertainment, would help get NBC
NBC
back on top by 1985). Silverman also reintroduced the peacock as NBC's corporate logo in 1979.

Brandon Tartikoff 1981–1991 Tartikoff was hired as a program executive at ABC in 1976. He joined NBC
NBC
the following year, after being hired by Dick Ebersol to direct comedy programs for the network. Tartikoff took over as president of NBC's entertainment division in 1981, becoming the youngest person ever to hold the position, at age 32. At the time Tartikoff took over, NBC
NBC
was mired in last place behind ABC and CBS, and faced a looming writers' strike and affiliates defecting to other networks (mostly to ABC); Little House on the Prairie, Diff'rent Strokes and Real People were the only prime time shows the network had in the Nielsen Top 20. Also of issue, Johnny Carson was reportedly in talks to move his landmark late-night talk show to ABC; while the original cast and writing staff of Saturday Night Live had left the show, and their replacements had earned SNL some of its worst reviews. By 1982, Tartikoff and network president Grant Tinker gradually turned the network's fortunes around. Tartikoff's successes as President of Entertainment included The Cosby Show
The Cosby Show
(Tartikoff had pursued actor-comedian Bill Cosby to create a comedy pilot after having been impressed by the comedian's stories when Cosby was a guest host on The Tonight Show), the iconic 1980s drama Miami Vice (Tartikoff wrote a brainstorming memo that simply read " MTV
MTV
cops ", and later presented it to former Hill Street Blues writer/producer Anthony Yerkovich , who turned into the concept behind Miami
Miami
Vice). and Knight Rider (which was inspired by a perceived lack of leading men who could act, with Tartikoff suggesting that a talking car could fill in the gaps in any leading man's acting abilities). While Family Ties
Family Ties
was undergoing its casting process, Tartikoff was unexcited about Michael J. Fox being considered for the role of Alex P. Keaton, however, creator/executive producer Gary David Goldberg insisted on having Fox in the role until Tartikoff relented, saying, "Go ahead if you insist. But I'm telling you, this is not the kind of face you'll ever see on a lunch box ". After Fox's stardom was cemented by Back to the Future , he good-naturedly sent Tartikoff a lunch box with Fox's picture that contained a note reading: "To Brandon: This is for you to put your crow in. Love and Kisses, Michael J. Fox", which Tartikoff kept in his office for the rest of his career. Johnny Carson broke the news of his retirement in February 1991 to Tartikoff during a lunch meeting at the Grille in Beverly Hills. Tartikoff and chairman Bob Wright were the only ones who knew of the planned retirement before it was made public days later. Tartikoff wrote in his memoirs that his biggest professional regret was cancelling the series Buffalo Bill , which he later went on to include in a fantasy "dream schedule" created for a TV Guide article that detailed his idea of "The Greatest Network Ever."

Warren Littlefield 1991–1998 Littlefield helped develop Cheers, The Cosby Show
The Cosby Show
and The Golden Girls as senior, and later, executive vice president of NBC Entertainment under Brandon Tartikoff, of whom Littlefield was his protégé. During his tenure as president of NBC, Littlefield oversaw the creation of many hit shows during the 1990s such as Seinfeld, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Wings, Blossom, Law & Order, Mad About You, Sisters, Frasier, Friends, ER, Homicide: Life on the Street , Caroline in the City , NewsRadio
NewsRadio
, 3rd Rock from the Sun
3rd Rock from the Sun
, Suddenly Susan , Just Shoot Me!, Will & Grace
Will & Grace
and The West Wing.

Scott Sassa 1998–1999 Sassa joined NBC
NBC
in September 1997 as president of the NBC Television Stations division, where he was responsible for overseeing the operation of NBC's then 13 owned-and-operated stations. In October 1998, Sassa became president of NBC
NBC
Entertainment, lasting in that position for eight months until he was reassigned to NBC's West Coast division in May 1999, where as its president, he oversaw NBC's entertainment-related businesses. Sassa made the transition to that position after working alongside his predecessor, Don Ohlmeyer. During this time, he oversaw the development and production of NBC's new primetime series including such shows as The West Wing, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit and Fear Factor. Under Sassa, NBC
NBC
rated as the #1 network for three out of four seasons.

Garth Ancier 1999–2000 Ancier, who also worked as television producer (most notably, serving as executive producer of tabloid talk show Ricki Lake ) prior to joining the network, was named President of NBC
NBC
Entertainment in 1999.

Jeff Zucker 2000–2004 Zucker was named President of NBC
NBC
Entertainment in 2000, succeeding Garth Ancier. In a 2004 profile on Zucker, Businessweek
Businessweek
stated that in his four years as entertainment president, he was responsible for having "kept the network ahead of the pack by airing the gross out show Fear Factor, negotiating for the cast of the hit series Friends to take the series up to a tenth season, and signing Donald Trump for the reality show The Apprentice " and having helped increase NBC's operating revenue from $532 million in 1999 to $870 million by 2003. Other critical and/or commercial successes greenlit under Zucker included Las Vegas, Law & Order: Criminal Intent and Scrubs . He originated the concept of airing "Supersized" episodes (running longer than the standard 30-minute slot) of NBC
NBC
sitcoms during sweeps and making aggressive programming efforts during the summer to compete with cable networks that began to draw viewers to their original programming content while the networks ran mostly reruns. Zucker also oversaw the successful transition of Bravo (which NBC
NBC
acquired from Rainbow Media in 2002) from a film and arts-focused network to a network primarily reliant on reality series, and the repositioning of Telemundo to become more competitive with leading Spanish-language network Univision. In May 2004, following NBC's merger with Vivendi Universal , Zucker was promoted to president of the NBC
NBC
Universal Television Group. Zucker's responsibilities, which already included NBC's cable channels, were expanded to include oversight of television production as well as USA Network
USA Network
, Sci-Fi Channel and Trio . Following his promotion, NBC
NBC
slid from first place to fourth in the ratings. Shows that Zucker championed such as animated series Father of the Pride and the Friends
Friends
spinoff Joey floundered.

Kevin Reilly 2004–2007 Reilly was appointed President of Entertainment in May 2004. Having begun his career at NBC
NBC
Entertainment almost two decades earlier, he returned to the network in the fall of 2003 as President of Primetime Development. Early in his NBC
NBC
career, Reilly supervised Law -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ Lieberman, David (March 19, 2013). " Comcast
Comcast
Completes Acquisition Of GE\'s 49% Stake In NBCUniversal". Deadline.com
Deadline.com
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FURTHER READING

* Hilmes, Michele (2007). NBC: America's Network. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520250819 . * Robinson, Marc (2002). Brought to You in Living Color: 75 Years of Great Moments in Television and Radio from NBC. Wiley.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons has media related to NBC
NBC
.

* Official website * Museum of Broadcast Communications – NBC
NBC
History * NBC
NBC
Logo Creation History

LINKS TO RELATED ARTICLES

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