HOME
The Info List - NBC


--- Advertisement ---



The National Broadcasting Company (NBC) is an American English language commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of NBCUniversal, a subsidiary of Comcast. The network is headquartered at 30 Rockefeller Plaza
30 Rockefeller Plaza
in New York City, with additional major offices near Los Angeles
Los Angeles
(at 10 Universal City Plaza), and Chicago
Chicago
(at the NBC
NBC
Tower). The network is part of the Big Three television networks. NBC
NBC
is sometimes referred to as the "Peacock Network", in reference to its stylized peacock logo, introduced in 1956 to promote the company's innovations in early color broadcasting. It became the network's official emblem in 1979. Founded in 1926 by the Radio Corporation of America
Radio Corporation of America
(RCA), NBC
NBC
is the oldest major broadcast network in the United States. In 1986, control of NBC
NBC
passed to General Electric
General Electric
(GE) – which previously owned RCA and NBC
NBC
until 1930, when it was forced to sell the companies as a result of antitrust charges – through its $6.4 billion purchase of RCA. Following the acquisition by GE (which later liquidated RCA), Bob Wright served as chief executive officer of NBC, remaining in that position until his retirement in 2007, when he was succeeded by Jeff Zucker. In 2003, French media company Vivendi
Vivendi
merged its entertainment assets with GE, forming NBC Universal. Comcast
Comcast
purchased a controlling interest in the company in 2011, and acquired General Electric's remaining stake in 2013.[1] Following the Comcast
Comcast
merger, Zucker left NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
and was replaced as CEO by Comcast
Comcast
executive Steve Burke. NBC
NBC
has thirteen owned-and-operated stations and nearly 200 affiliates throughout the United States
United States
and its territories, some of which are also available in Canada via pay-television providers or in border areas over-the-air; NBC
NBC
also maintains brand licensing agreements for international channels in South Korea
South Korea
and Germany.[2]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Radio

1.1.1 Earliest stations: WEAF and WJZ 1.1.2 Red and Blue Networks 1.1.3 Chimes 1.1.4 New beginnings: The Blue Network
Blue Network
becomes ABC 1.1.5 Defining radio's golden age 1.1.6 Decline 1.1.7 Restoration

1.2 Television

1.2.1 Color television 1.2.2 1970s doldrums 1.2.3 Tartikoff's turnaround 1.2.4 "Must See TV" 1.2.5 New century, new problems 1.2.6 Comcast
Comcast
era (2011–present)

2 Programming

2.1 NBC
NBC
News 2.2 Daytime programming 2.3 Children's programming 2.4 Specials 2.5 Programming library

3 Stations 4 Related services

4.1 Video-on-demand services 4.2 NBC
NBC
HD 4.3 NBCi

5 Evolution of the NBC
NBC
logo 6 International broadcasts

6.1 Canada 6.2 Europe and the Middle East

6.2.1 NBC
NBC
Super Channel becomes NBC
NBC
Europe

6.3 Latin America

6.3.1 Mexico 6.3.2 Nicaragua 6.3.3 Canal de Noticias

6.4 Caribbean

6.4.1 Bahamas 6.4.2 Netherlands Antilles

6.5 Bermuda 6.6 Pacific

6.6.1 Guam 6.6.2 American Samoa 6.6.3 Federated States of Micronesia

6.7 Asia

6.7.1 NBC
NBC
Asia and CNBC
CNBC
Asia 6.7.2 Regional partners

6.8 Australia

7 Criticism and controversies

7.1 Selective editing of George Zimmerman
George Zimmerman
911 call

8 Presidents of NBC
NBC
Entertainment 9 See also 10 References 11 Further reading 12 External links

History[edit]

The Comcast
Comcast
Building in New York City
New York City
(or the GE Building, originally the RCA
RCA
Building) serves as the headquarters of NBC

Radio[edit] Earliest stations: WEAF and WJZ[edit] During a period of early broadcast business consolidation, radio manufacturer Radio Corporation of America
Radio Corporation of America
(RCA) acquired New York City radio station WEAF from American Telephone & Telegraph
Telegraph
(AT&T). Westinghouse, a shareholder in RCA, had a competing outlet in Newark, New Jersey
New Jersey
pioneer station WJZ (no relation to the radio and television station in Baltimore
Baltimore
currently using those call letters), which also served as the flagship for a loosely structured network. This station was transferred from Westinghouse to RCA
RCA
in 1923, and moved to New York City.[3] WEAF acted as a laboratory for AT&T's manufacturing and supply outlet Western Electric, whose products included transmitters and antennas. The Bell System, AT&T's telephone utility, was developing technologies to transmit voice- and music-grade audio over short and long distances, using both wireless and wired methods. The 1922 creation of WEAF offered a research-and-development center for those activities. WEAF maintained a regular schedule of radio programs, including some of the first commercially sponsored programs, and was an immediate success. In an early example of "chain" or "networking" broadcasting, the station linked with Outlet Company-owned WJAR
WJAR
in Providence, Rhode Island; and with AT&T's station in Washington, D.C., WCAP. New parent RCA
RCA
saw an advantage in sharing programming, and after getting a license for radio station WRC in Washington, D.C., in 1923, attempted to transmit audio between cities via low-quality telegraph lines. AT&T refused outside companies access to its high-quality phone lines. The early effort fared poorly, since the uninsulated telegraph lines were susceptible to atmospheric and other electrical interference. In 1925, AT&T decided that WEAF and its embryonic network were incompatible with the company's primary goal of providing a telephone service. AT&T offered to sell the station to RCA
RCA
in a deal that included the right to lease AT&T's phone lines for network transmission.[4] Red and Blue Networks[edit] Main articles: NBC Red Network
NBC Red Network
and Blue Network RCA
RCA
spent $1 million to purchase WEAF and Washington sister station WCAP, shut down the latter station, and merged its facilities with surviving station WRC; in late 1926, it subsequently announced the creation of a new division known as the National Broadcasting Company.[5] The division's ownership was split among RCA
RCA
(a majority partner at 50%), its founding corporate parent General Electric
General Electric
(which owned 30%) and Westinghouse (which owned the remaining 20%). NBC officially started broadcasting on November 15, 1926. WEAF and WJZ, the flagships of the two earlier networks, were operated side-by-side for about a year as part of the new NBC. On January 1, 1927, NBC
NBC
formally divided their respective marketing strategies: the "Red Network" offered commercially sponsored entertainment and music programming; the "Blue Network" mostly carried sustaining – or non-sponsored – broadcasts, especially news and cultural programs. Various histories of NBC
NBC
suggest the color designations for the two networks came from the color of the pushpins NBC
NBC
engineers used to designate affiliate stations of WEAF (red) and WJZ (blue), or from the use of double-ended red and blue colored pencils.

Radio City West was located at Sunset Boulevard
Sunset Boulevard
and Vine Street
Vine Street
in Los Angeles until it was replaced by a bank in the mid-1960s.

On April 5, 1927, NBC
NBC
expanded to the West Coast with the launch of the NBC
NBC
Orange Network, also known as the Pacific Coast Network. This was followed by the debut of the NBC
NBC
Gold Network, also known as the Pacific Gold Network, on October 18, 1931. The Orange Network carried Red Network programming, and the Gold Network carried programming from the Blue Network. Initially, the Orange Network recreated Eastern Red Network programming for West Coast stations at KPO in San Francisco. In 1936, the Orange Network affiliate stations became part of the Red Network, and at the same time the Gold Network became part of the Blue Network. In the 1930s, NBC
NBC
also developed a network for shortwave radio stations, called the NBC
NBC
White Network. In 1927, NBC
NBC
moved its operations to 711 Fifth Avenue in Manhattan, occupying the upper floors of a building designed by architect Floyd Brown.[6] The space that NBC
NBC
occupied was designed by Raymond Hood, who based the appearance of its multiple studio facilities on "a Gothic church, the Roman forum, a Louis XIV room and, in a space devoted to jazz, something 'wildly futuristic, with plenty of color in bizarre designs.'"[6] NBC
NBC
outgrew the Fifth Avenue facilities in 1933.[6] In 1930, General Electric
General Electric
was charged with antitrust violations, resulting in the company's decision to divest itself of RCA. The newly separate company signed leases to move its corporate headquarters into the new Rockefeller Center
Rockefeller Center
in 1931. John D. Rockefeller, Jr., founder and financier of Rockefeller Center, arranged the deal with GE chairman Owen D. Young
Owen D. Young
and RCA
RCA
president David Sarnoff. When it moved into the complex in 1933, RCA
RCA
became the lead tenant at 30 Rockefeller Plaza, known as the " RCA
RCA
Building" (later the GE Building, now the Comcast
Comcast
Building), which housed NBC's production studios as well as theaters for RCA-owned RKO Pictures.[7] Chimes[edit] Main article: NBC
NBC
chimes

Entrance at the GE Building.

The iconic three-note NBC chimes
NBC chimes
came about after several years of development. The three-note sequence, G-E'-C', was first heard over Red Network affiliate WSB in Atlanta,[8] with a second inversion C Major triad as its outline. An executive at NBC's New York headquarters heard the WSB version of the notes during the networked broadcast of a Georgia Tech football game and asked permission to use it on the national network. NBC
NBC
started to use the chimes sequence in 1931, and it eventually became the first audio trademark to be accepted by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.[9][10] A variant sequence with an additional note, G-E'-C'-G, known as "the fourth chime", was used during significant events of extreme urgency (including during World War II, especially in the wake of the December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor; on D-Day and during disasters). The NBC chimes were mechanized in 1932 by Rangertone founder Richard H. Ranger; their purpose was to send a low-level signal of constant amplitude that would be heard by the various switching stations manned by NBC
NBC
and AT&T engineers, and to be used as a system cue for switching individual stations between the Red and Blue network feeds. Contrary to popular legend, the G-E'-C' notes were not originally intended to reference to the General Electric
General Electric
Company (an early shareholder in NBC's founding parent RCA
RCA
and whose Schenectady, New York radio station, WGY, was an early affiliate of NBC
NBC
Red). The three-note sequence remains in use by the NBC
NBC
television network, most notably incorporated into the John Williams-composed theme music used by NBC
NBC
News, "The Mission" (first composed in 1985 for NBC
NBC
Nightly News). New beginnings: The Blue Network
Blue Network
becomes ABC[edit] Further information: Blue Network
Blue Network
and American Broadcasting Company

NBC Tower
NBC Tower
in Chicago.

In 1934, the Mutual Broadcasting System
Mutual Broadcasting System
filed a complaint to the Federal Communications Commission
Federal Communications Commission
(FCC), following the government agency's creation, claiming it ran into difficulties trying to establish new radio stations in a market largely controlled by NBC
NBC
and the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS). In 1938, the FCC began a series of investigations into the monopolistic effects of network broadcasting. A report published by the Commission in 1939 found that NBC's two networks and its owned-and-operated stations dominated audiences, affiliates and advertising in American radio; this led the Commission to file an order to RCA
RCA
to divest itself of either NBC
NBC
Red or NBC
NBC
Blue. After Mutual's appeals were rejected by the FCC, RCA
RCA
filed its own appeal to overturn the divestiture order. However, in 1941, the company decided to sell NBC
NBC
Blue in the event its appeal was denied. The Blue Network
Blue Network
was formally named NBC
NBC
Blue Network, Inc. and NBC
NBC
Red became NBC
NBC
Red Network, Inc. for corporate purposes. Both networks formally divorced their operations on January 8, 1942,[11] with the Blue Network
Blue Network
being referred to on-air as either "Blue" or "Blue Network", and Blue Network
Blue Network
Company, Inc. serving as its official corporate name. NBC
NBC
Red, meanwhile, became known on-air as simply "NBC".[12] Investment firm Dillon, Read & Co. placed a $7.5 million bid for NBC
NBC
Blue, an offer that was rejected by NBC
NBC
executive Mark Woods and RCA
RCA
president David Sarnoff. After losing on final appeal before the U.S. Supreme Court in May 1943, RCA
RCA
sold Blue Network
Blue Network
Company, Inc., for $8 million to the American Broadcasting System, a recently founded company owned by Life Savers magnate Edward J. Noble. After the sale was completed on October 12, 1943,[13] Noble acquired the rights to the Blue Network name, leases on landlines, the New York studios, two-and-a-half radio stations (WJZ in Newark/New York City; KGO in San Francisco and WENR in Chicago, which shared a frequency with Prairie Farmer station WLS); contracts with actors; and agreements with around 60 affiliates. In turn, to comply with FCC radio station ownership limits of the time, Noble sold off his existing New York City
New York City
radio station WMCA. Noble, who wanted a better name for the network, acquired the branding rights to the "American Broadcasting Company" name from George B. Storer in 1944. The Blue Network
Blue Network
became ABC officially on June 15, 1945, after the sale was completed.[4][14][15] Defining radio's golden age[edit] Main article: NBC
NBC
Red Network

The front entrance of the NBC Tower
NBC Tower
at 454 N. Columbus Drive in Chicago.

NBC
NBC
became home to many of the most popular performers and programs on the air. Bing Crosby, Al Jolson, Jack Benny, Edgar Bergen, Bob Hope, Fred Allen, and Burns and Allen
Burns and Allen
called NBC
NBC
home, as did Arturo Toscanini's NBC
NBC
Symphony Orchestra, which the network helped him create. Other programs featured on the network included Vic and Sade, Fibber McGee and Molly, The Great Gildersleeve
The Great Gildersleeve
(arguably broadcasting's first spin-off program, from Fibber McGee), One Man's Family, Ma Perkins
Ma Perkins
and Death Valley Days. NBC
NBC
stations were often the most powerful, and some occupied unique clear-channel national frequencies, reaching hundreds or thousands of miles at night. In the late 1940s, rival CBS
CBS
gained ground by allowing radio stars to use their own production companies to produce programs, which became a profitable move for much of its talent. In the early years of radio, stars and programs commonly hopped between networks when their short-term contracts expired. During 1948 and 1949, beginning with the nation's top radio star, Jack Benny, many NBC
NBC
performers – including Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
and Charlie McCarthy, Burns and Allen
Burns and Allen
and Frank Sinatra – jumped to CBS. In addition, NBC
NBC
stars began migrating to television, including comedian Milton Berle, whose Texaco Star Theater
Texaco Star Theater
on the network became television's first major hit. Conductor Arturo Toscanini
Arturo Toscanini
conducted the NBC Symphony Orchestra in ten television concerts on NBC
NBC
between 1948 and 1952. The concerts were broadcast on both television and radio, in what perhaps was the first such instance of simulcasting. Two of the concerts were historic firsts – the first complete telecast of Beethoven's Symphony No. 9, and the first complete telecast of Verdi's Aida
Aida
(starring Herva Nelli
Herva Nelli
and Richard Tucker), performed in concert rather than with scenery and costumes. Aiming to keep classic radio alive as television matured, and to challenge CBS's Sunday night radio lineup, which featured much of the programs and talent that had moved to that network following the defection of Jack Benny
Jack Benny
to CBS, NBC
NBC
launched The Big Show in November 1950. This 90-minute variety show updated radio's earliest musical variety style with sophisticated comedy and dramatic presentations. Featuring stage legend Tallulah Bankhead
Tallulah Bankhead
as hostess, it lured prestigious entertainers, including Fred Allen, Groucho Marx, Lauritz Melchior, Ethel Barrymore, Louis Armstrong, Ethel Merman, Bob Hope, Danny Thomas, Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.
Douglas Fairbanks, Jr.
and Ella Fitzgerald. However, The Big Show's initial success did not last despite critical praise, as most of its potential listeners were increasingly becoming television viewers. The show lasted two years, with NBC
NBC
losing around $1 million on the project (the network was only able to sell advertising time during the middle half-hour of the program each week). NBC's last major radio programming push, beginning on June 12, 1955, was Monitor, a creation of NBC
NBC
President Sylvester "Pat" Weaver, who also created the innovative programs Today, The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
and Home for the companion television network. Monitor was a continuous all-weekend mixture of music, news, interviews and features, with a variety of hosts including well-known television personalities Dave Garroway, Hugh Downs, Ed McMahon, Joe Garagiola and Gene Rayburn. The potpourri show tried to keep vintage radio alive by featuring segments from Jim and Marian Jordan (in character as Fibber McGee and Molly); Peg Lynch's dialog comedy Ethel and Albert
Ethel and Albert
(with Alan Bunce); and iconoclastic satirist Henry Morgan. Monitor was a success for a number of years, but after the mid-1960s, local stations, especially those in larger markets, were reluctant to break from their established formats to run non-conforming network programming. One exception was Toscanini: The Man Behind the Legend, a weekly series commemorating the great conductor's NBC
NBC
broadcasts and recordings which ran for several years beginning in 1963.[16] After Monitor ended its 20-year run on January 26, 1975, little remained of NBC
NBC
network radio beyond hourly newscasts and news features, and Sunday morning religious program The Eternal Light. Decline[edit] On June 18, 1975, NBC
NBC
launched the NBC News
NBC News
and Information Service (NIS), which provided up to 55 minutes of news per hour around the clock to local stations that wanted to adopt an all-news radio format. NBC
NBC
carried the service on WRC in Washington, and on its owned-and-operated FM stations in New York City, Chicago
Chicago
and San Francisco. NIS attracted several dozen subscribing stations, but by the fall of 1976, NBC
NBC
determined that it could not project that the service would ever become profitable and gave its affiliates six months' notice that it would be discontinued. NIS ended operations on May 29, 1977. In 1979, NBC
NBC
launched The Source, a modestly successful secondary network providing news and short features to FM rock stations.[4] The NBC Radio Network
NBC Radio Network
also pioneered personal advice call-in national talk radio with a satellite-distributed evening talk show, TalkNet; the program featured Bruce Williams (providing personal financial advice), Bernard Meltzer (personal and financial advice) and Sally Jessy Raphael (personal and romantic advice). While never much of a ratings success, TalkNet nonetheless helped further the national talk radio format. For affiliates, many of them struggling AM stations, TalkNet helped fill evening time slots with free programming, allowing the stations to sell local advertising in a dynamic format without the cost associated with producing local programming. Some in the industry feared this trend would lead to increasing control of radio content by networks and syndicators. General Electric
General Electric
acquired RCA
RCA
in 1986, and with it NBC, signaling the beginning of the end of NBC
NBC
Radio. Three factors led to the radio division's demise: GE decided that radio did not fit its strategy, while the radio division had not been profitable for many years. In addition, FCC ownership rules at the time prevented companies acquiring broadcast properties from owning both a radio and television division. In the summer of 1987, GE sold NBC
NBC
Radio's network operations to Westwood One, and sold off the NBC-owned stations to various buyers. By 1990, the NBC Radio Network
NBC Radio Network
as an independent programming service was pretty much dissolved, becoming a brand name for content produced by Westwood One, and ultimately by, ironically, CBS
CBS
Radio. The Mutual Broadcasting System, which Westwood One had acquired two years earlier, met the same fate, and essentially merged with NBC
NBC
Radio. GE's divestiture of NBC's entire radio division was the first cannon shot of what would play out in the national broadcast media, as each of the Big Three broadcast networks were soon acquired by other corporate entities. NBC
NBC
was a particularly noteworthy case in that it was the first to be acquired – and was bought by a conglomerate outside the broadcast industry as GE otherwise primarily served as a manufacturing company. Prior to the GE acquisition, NBC
NBC
operated its radio division partly out of tradition, and partly to meet its then-FCC-mandated requirement to distribute programming for the public good (the broadcast airwaves are owned by the public; as that broadcast spectrum is limited and only so many broadcast stations existed, this served as the basis for government regulation requiring broadcasters to provide certain content that meets the needs of the public). Syndicators such as Westwood One were not subject to such rules as they did not own any stations. GE's divestiture of NBC
NBC
Radio – known as "America's First Network" – in many ways marked the "beginning of the end" of the old era of regulated broadcasting and the ushering in of the new, largely unregulated industry that is present today. By the late 1990s, Westwood One was producing NBC
NBC
Radio-branded newscasts on weekday mornings. These were discontinued in 1999 (along with Mutual branded newscasts), and the few remaining NBC
NBC
Radio Network affiliates became affiliates of CNN
CNN
Radio, carrying the Westwood-owned service's hourly newscasts 24 hours a day. In 2003, Westwood One began distributing NBC News
NBC News
Radio, a new service featuring minute-long news updates read by television anchors and reporters from NBC News
NBC News
and MSNBC, with content written by Westwood One employees. Restoration[edit] On March 1, 2012, Dial Global announced that it would discontinue CNN Radio, and replace it with an expansion of NBC News Radio
NBC News Radio
on April 1, 2012. This marked the first time since Westwood One's purchase of NBC Radio and its properties that NBC
NBC
would have a 24-hour presence on radio. A previous program, First Light, placed new emphasis on the NBC brand after diminishing it over the years. With the change, NBC
NBC
News Radio expanded its offerings from 60-second news updates airing only on weekdays to feature two hourly full-length newscasts 24 hours a day. Subsequently, on September 4, 2012, Dial Global launched a sports-talk radio service, NBC Sports
NBC Sports
Radio. NBC News Radio
NBC News Radio
has been distributed by iHeartMedia and its TTWN Networks since July 2016. It is provided to the network's 24/7 News Source affiliates and includes a top of the hour newscast along with other audio content which is heard on over 1000 radio stations.[17] Television[edit]

High frequency tubes in the tube room. They were used for the NBC television transmitter, 1936. NBC
NBC
kept 220 tubes in reserve for their transmitter.

For many years, NBC
NBC
was closely identified with David Sarnoff, who used it as a vehicle to sell consumer electronics. RCA
RCA
and Sarnoff had captured the spotlight by introducing all-electronic television to the public at the 1939–40 New York World's Fair, simultaneously initiating a regular schedule of programs on the NBC- RCA
RCA
television station in New York City. President Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt
appeared at the fair before the NBC
NBC
camera, becoming the first U.S. president to appear on television on April 30, 1939 (an actual, off-the-monitor photograph of the FDR telecast is available at the David Sarnoff Library). The broadcast was transmitted by NBC's New York television station W2XBS
W2XBS
Channel 1 (later WNBC-TV; now WNBC, channel 4) and was seen by about 1,000 viewers within the station's roughly 40-mile (64 km) coverage area from its transmitter at the Empire State Building. The following day (May 1), four models of RCA
RCA
television sets went on sale to the general public in various department stores around New York City, which were promoted in a series of splashy newspaper ads.[18] DuMont Laboratories
DuMont Laboratories
(and others) had actually offered the first home sets in 1938 in anticipation of NBC's announced April 1939 television launch. Later in 1939, NBC
NBC
took its cameras to professional football and baseball games in the New York City
New York City
area, establishing many "firsts" in television broadcasting. Reportedly, the first NBC
NBC
Television "network" program was broadcast on January 12, 1940, when a play titled Meet The Wife was originated at the W2XBS
W2XBS
studios at Rockefeller Center
Rockefeller Center
and rebroadcast by W2XB/W2XAF (now WRGB) in Schenectady, which received the New York station directly off-air from a tower atop a mountain and relayed the live signal to the Capital District. About this time, occasional special events were also broadcast in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
(over W3XE, later called WPTZ, now known as KYW-TV) as well as Schenectady. The most ambitious NBC
NBC
television "network" program of the pre-war era was the telecast of the Republican National Convention
Republican National Convention
held in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
in the summer of 1940, which was fed live to the New York City
New York City
and Schenectady stations.[19] However, despite major promotion by RCA, television sales in New York during 1939 and 1940 were disappointing, primarily due to the high cost of the sets, and the lack of compelling regularly scheduled programming. Most sets were sold to bars, hotels and other public places, where the general public viewed special sports and news events. One special event was Franklin D. Roosevelt's second and final appearance on live television, when his speech at Madison Square Garden on October 28, 1940, was telecast over W2XBS
W2XBS
to receivers in the New York City
New York City
area.[20]

30 Rockefeller Center, also known as the GE Building, is the world headquarters of NBC.

Television's experimental period ended, as the FCC allowed full-fledged commercial television broadcasts to begin on July 1, 1941. NBC
NBC
station W2XBS
W2XBS
in New York City
New York City
received the first commercial license, adopting the call letters WNBT. The first official, paid television advertisement broadcast by any U.S. station was for watch manufacturer Bulova, which aired that day, just before the start of a Brooklyn Dodgers
Brooklyn Dodgers
baseball telecast on WNBT. The ad consisted of test pattern, featuring the newly assigned WNBT call letters, which was modified to resemble a clock – complete with functioning hands – with the Bulova
Bulova
logo (featuring the phrase " Bulova
Bulova
Watch Time") in the lower right-hand quadrant of the test pattern (a photograph of the NBC camera setting up the test pattern-advertisement for that ad can be seen at this page). Among the programs that aired during the first week of WNBT's new, commercial schedule was The Sunoco News, a simulcast of the Sun Oil-sponsored NBC
NBC
Radio program anchored by Lowell Thomas; amateur boxing at Jamaica Arena; the Eastern Clay Courts tennis championships; programming from the USO; the spelling bee-type game show Words on the Wing; a few feature films; and a one-time-only, test broadcast of the game show Truth or Consequences, sponsored by Lever Brothers.[21] Prior to the first commercial television broadcasts and paid advertisements on WNBT, non-paid television advertising existed on an experimental basis dating back to 1930. NBC's earliest non-paid television commercials may have been those seen during the first Major League Baseball game ever telecast, between the Brooklyn Dodgers
Brooklyn Dodgers
and Cincinnati Reds, on August 26, 1939 over W2XBS. In order to secure the rights to televise the game, NBC
NBC
allowed each of the Dodgers' regular radio sponsors at the time to have one commercial during the telecast. The ads were conducted by Dodgers announcer Red Barber: for Ivory Soap, he held up a bar of the product; for Mobilgas he put on a filling station attendant's cap while giving his spiel; and for Wheaties
Wheaties
he poured a bowl of the product, added milk and bananas, and took a big spoonful.[22] Limited, commercial programming continued until the U.S. entered World War II. Telecasts were curtailed in the early years of the war, then expanded as NBC
NBC
began to prepare for full-time service upon the end of the war. Even before the war concluded, a few programs were sent from New York City
New York City
to affiliated stations in Philadelphia
Philadelphia
(WPTZ) and Albany/Schenectady (WRGB) on a regular weekly schedule beginning in 1944, the first of which is generally considered to be the pioneering special interest/documentary show The Voice of Firestone Televues, a television offshoot of The Voice of Firestone, a mainstay on NBC
NBC
radio since 1928, which was transmitted from New York City
New York City
to Philadelphia
Philadelphia
and Schenectady on a regular, weekly basis beginning on April 10, 1944.[23] The series is considered to be the NBC
NBC
television network's first regularly scheduled program.

Grace Brandt and Eddie Albert in an early NBC
NBC
television program The Honeymooners-Grace and Eddie Show.

On V-E Day, May 8, 1945, WNBT broadcast several hours of news coverage, and remotes from around New York City. This event was promoted in advance by NBC
NBC
with a direct-mail card sent to television set owners in the New York area.[24] At one point, a WNBT camera placed atop the marquee of the Hotel Astor
Hotel Astor
panned the crowd below celebrating the end of the war in Europe.[25] The vivid coverage was a prelude to television's rapid growth after the war ended. The NBC
NBC
television network grew from its initial post-war lineup of four stations. The 1947 World Series
1947 World Series
featured two New York City
New York City
area teams (the Yankees and the Dodgers), and television sales boomed locally, since the games were being telecast in the New York market. Additional stations along the East Coast and in the Midwest were connected by coaxial cable through the late 1940s, and in September 1951 the first transcontinental telecasts took place. The post-war 1940s and early 1950s brought success for NBC
NBC
in the new medium. Television's first major star, Milton Berle, whose Texaco Star Theatre began in June 1948, drew the first large audiences to NBC Television. Under its innovative president, Sylvester "Pat" Weaver, the network launched Today and The Tonight Show, which would bookend the broadcast day for over 50 years, and which still lead their competitors. Weaver, who also launched the genre of periodic 90-minute network "spectaculars", network-produced motion pictures and the live 90-minute Sunday afternoon series Wide Wide World, left the network in 1955 in a dispute with its chairman David Sarnoff, who subsequently named his son Robert Sarnoff as president. In 1951, NBC
NBC
commissioned Italian-American composer Gian Carlo Menotti to compose the first opera ever written for television; Menotti came up with Amahl and the Night Visitors, a 45-minute work for which he wrote both music and libretto, about a disabled shepherd boy who meets the Three Wise Men
Three Wise Men
and is miraculously cured when he offers his crutch to the newborn Christ Child. It was such a stunning success that it was repeated every year on NBC
NBC
from 1951 to 1966, when a dispute between Menotti and NBC
NBC
ended the broadcasts. However, by 1978, Menotti and NBC
NBC
had patched things up, and an all-new production of the opera, filmed partly on location in the Middle East, was telecast that year. Color television[edit] Main article: Color television

Title card used by NBC
NBC
in the 1950s, promoting their color broadcasts.

While rival CBS
CBS
broadcast the first color television programs in the United States, their system was incompatible with the millions of black and white sets in use at the time. After a series of limited, incompatible color broadcasts (mostly scheduled during the day), CBS abandoned the system and broadcasts. This opened the door for the RCA compatible color system to be adopted as the U.S. standard. RCA convinced the FCC to approve its color system in December 1953. NBC was ready with color programming within days of the Commission's decision. NBC
NBC
began the transition with a few shows in 1954, and broadcast its first program to air all episodes in color beginning that summer, The Marriage. In 1955, NBC
NBC
broadcast a live production in color of Peter Pan, a new Broadway musical adaptation of J. M. Barrie's beloved play, on the Producers' Showcase
Producers' Showcase
anthology series, The first such telecast of its kind, the broadcast starred the musical's entire original cast, led by Mary Martin
Mary Martin
as Peter and Cyril Ritchard
Cyril Ritchard
in a dual role as Mr. Darling and Captain Hook. The broadcast drew the highest ratings for a television program for that period. It was so successful that NBC restaged it as a live broadcast a mere ten months later; in 1960, long after Producers' Showcase
Producers' Showcase
had ended its run, Peter Pan, with most of the 1955 cast, was restaged again, this time as a standalone special, and was videotaped so that it would no longer have to be performed live on television. In 1956, NBC
NBC
started a subsidiary, California National Productions (CNP), for merchandising, syndication and NBC
NBC
opera company operations with the production of Silent Services.[26] By 1957, NBC
NBC
planned to remove the opera company from CNP and[26] CNP was in discussion with MGM Television
MGM Television
about handling syndication distribution for MGM series.[26] During a National Association of Broadcasters
National Association of Broadcasters
meeting in Chicago
Chicago
in 1956, NBC
NBC
announced that its owned-and-operated station in that market, WNBQ (now WMAQ-TV), had become the first television station in the country to broadcast its programming in color (airing at least six hours of color broadcasts each day). In 1959, NBC
NBC
premiered a televised version of the radio program The Bell Telephone Hour, which aired in color from its debut; the program would continue on the NBC television network for nine more years until it ended in 1968. In 1961, NBC
NBC
approached Walt Disney about acquiring the rights to his anthology series, offering to produce the program in color. Disney was in the midst of negotiating a new contract to keep the program (then known as Walt Disney Presents) on ABC, however ABC president Leonard Goldenson said that it could not counter the offer, as the network did not have the technical and financial resources to carry the program in color. Disney subsequently struck a deal with NBC, which began airing the anthology series in the format in September 1961 (as Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color). As many of the Disney programs that aired in black-and-white on ABC were actually filmed in color, they could easily be re-aired in the format on the NBC
NBC
broadcasts. In January 1962, NBC's telecast of the Rose Bowl became the first college football game ever to be telecast in color. By 1963, much of NBC's prime time schedule was presented in color, although some popular series (such as The Man from U.N.C.L.E., which premiered in late 1964) were broadcast in black-and-white for their entire first season. In the fall of 1965, NBC
NBC
was broadcasting 95% of its prime time schedule in color (with the exceptions of I Dream of Jeannie and Convoy), and began billing itself as "The Full Color Network." Without television sets to sell, rival networks followed more slowly, finally committing to an all-color lineup in prime time in the 1966–67 season. Days of Our Lives
Days of Our Lives
became the first soap opera to premiere in color, when it debuted in November 1965. NBC
NBC
contracted with Universal Studios
Universal Studios
in 1964 to produce the first feature-length film produced for television, See How They Run, which first aired on October 17, 1964; its second television movie, The Hanged Man, aired six weeks later on November 28. Even while the presentations performed well in the ratings, NBC
NBC
did not broadcast another made-for-TV film for two years.[27] In 1967, NBC
NBC
reached a deal with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(MGM) to acquire the broadcast rights to the classic 1939 film The Wizard of Oz. CBS, which had televised the film annually since 1956, refused to meet MGM's increased fee to renew its television rights. Oz had been, up to then, one of the few programs that CBS
CBS
had telecast in color. However, by 1967, color broadcasts had become standard on television, and the film simply became another title in the list of specials that NBC telecast in the format. The film's showings on NBC
NBC
were distinctive as it televised The Wizard of Oz without a hosted introduction, as CBS had long done; it was also slightly edited for time in order to make room to air more commercials. Despite the cuts, however, it continued to score excellent television ratings in those pre-VCR days, as audiences were generally unable to see the film any other way at that time. NBC
NBC
aired The Wizard of Oz each year from 1968 to 1976, when CBS, realizing that they may have committed a colossal blunder by letting a huge ratings success like Oz go to another network, agreed to pay MGM more money to re-acquire the rights to show the film. The late 1960s brought big changes in the programming practices of the major television networks. As baby boomers reached adulthood, NBC, CBS and ABC began to realize that much of their existing programming had not only been running for years, but had audiences that skewed older. In order to attract the large youth population that was highly attractive to advertisers, the networks moved to clean house of a number of veteran shows. In NBC's case, this included programs like The Bell Telephone Hour
The Bell Telephone Hour
and Sing Along With Mitch, which both had an average viewer age of 50. During this period, the networks came to define adults between the ages of 18 and 49 as their main target audience, although depending on the show, this could be subdivided into other age demos: 35–45, 18–25 or 18–35. Regardless of the exact target demographic, the general idea was to appeal to viewers who were not close to retirement age and to modernize television programming, which the networks felt overall was stuck in a 1950s mentality, to closely resemble contemporary American society. 1970s doldrums[edit] The 1970s started strongly for NBC
NBC
thanks to hits like Adam-12, Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In, Ironside, The Dean Martin Show
The Dean Martin Show
and The Flip Wilson Show. However, despite the success of such new shows as the NBC Mystery Movie, Sanford and Son, Chico and the Man, Little House on the Prairie, The Midnight Special, The Rockford Files, Police
Police
Woman and Emergency!, as well as continued success from veterans like The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
and The Wonderful World of Disney, the network entered a slump in the middle of the decade. Disney, in particular, saw its ratings nosedive once CBS
CBS
put 60 Minutes
60 Minutes
up against the program in the Sunday 7:00 p.m. time slot in the 1975–76 season. In 1974, under new president Herb Schlosser, the network tried to attract younger viewers with a series of costly movies, miniseries and specials. This failed to attract the desirable 18–34 demographic, and simultaneously alienated older viewers.[28] None of the new prime-time shows that NBC
NBC
introduced in the fall of 1975 earned a second season renewal, all failing in the face of established competition. The network's lone breakout success that season was the groundbreaking late-night comedy/variety show, NBC's Saturday Night – which would be renamed Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
in 1976, after the cancellation of a Howard Cosell-hosted program of the same title on ABC – which replaced reruns of The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
that previously aired in its Saturday time slot. In 1978, Schlosser was promoted to executive vice president at RCA,[29] and a desperate NBC
NBC
lured Fred Silverman away from top-rated ABC to turn its fortunes around. With the notable exceptions of CHiPs, Diff'rent Strokes
Diff'rent Strokes
and its spin-off The Facts of Life, Real People
Real People
and the miniseries Shōgun, Silverman was unable to pull out a hit. Failures accumulated rapidly under his watch (such as Hello, Larry, Supertrain, Pink Lady and Jeff, The Krofft Superstar Hour
The Krofft Superstar Hour
and The Waverly Wonders). Ironically, many of them were beaten in the ratings by shows that Silverman had greenlit during his previous tenures at CBS
CBS
and ABC. During this time, several longtime affiliates also defected from NBC in markets such as Atlanta
Atlanta
(WSB-TV), Baltimore
Baltimore
(WBAL-TV), Baton Rouge (WBRZ-TV), Charlotte (WSOC-TV), Dayton (WDTN), Indianapolis
Indianapolis
(WRTV), Jacksonville (WTLV), Minneapolis-St. Paul
Minneapolis-St. Paul
(KSTP-TV), San Diego
San Diego
(KGTV), Schenectady (WRGB) and Wheeling (WTRF-TV). Most were wooed away by ABC, which had lifted out of last place to become the #1 network during the late 1970s and early 1980s, while WBAL-TV, WRGB
WRGB
and WTRF-TV went to CBS; WBAL-TV
WBAL-TV
was originally to go to ABC, but the station decided against it because ABC's evening newscasts had attracted ratings too dismal for them to consider doing so.[30][31] In the case of WSB-TV
WSB-TV
and WSOC-TV, which have both since become ABC affiliates, both stations were (and remain) under common ownership with Cox Enterprises, with its other NBC
NBC
affiliate at the time, WIIC-TV in Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh
(which would become WPXI
WPXI
in 1981 and also remains owned by Cox), only staying with the network because WIIC-TV itself was a distant third to CBS-affiliated powerhouse KDKA-TV
KDKA-TV
and ABC affiliate WTAE-TV
WTAE-TV
(KDKA-TV, owned at the time by Group W and now owned by CBS, infamously passed up affiliating with NBC
NBC
after Westinghouse bought the station from DuMont in 1954, leading to an acrimonious relationship between NBC
NBC
and Westinghouse that lasted for years afterward). In markets such as San Diego, Charlotte and Jacksonville, NBC
NBC
had little choice but to affiliate with a UHF station, with the San Diego
San Diego
station (KNSD) eventually becoming an NBC
NBC
O&O. In Wheeling, NBC
NBC
ultimately upgraded its affiliation when it partnered with WTOV-TV
WTOV-TV
in nearby Steubenville, Ohio, overtaking former affiliate WTRF-TV
WTRF-TV
in the ratings by a large margin. Other smaller television markets like Yuma, Arizona
Yuma, Arizona
waited many years to get another local NBC affiliate (first with KIVA, and later KYMA). The stations in Baltimore, Dayton and Jacksonville, however, have since rejoined the network. After President Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
pulled the U.S. team out of the 1980 Summer Olympics, NBC
NBC
canceled a planned 150 hours of coverage (which had cost $87 million for the broadcast rights), placing the network's future in doubt. It had been counting on the broadcasts to help promote its new fall shows, and had been estimated to pull in $170 million in advertising revenue.[32] The press was merciless towards Silverman, but the two most savage attacks on his leadership came from within the network. The company that composed the promotional theme for NBC's "Proud as a Peacock" image campaign created a parody song called "Loud as a Peacock," which was broadcast on Don Imus' program on WNBC
WNBC
radio in New York. Its lyrics blamed Silverman for the network's problems ("The Peacock's dead, so thank you, Fred"). An angered Silverman ordered all remaining copies of the spoof destroyed, although some copies remain in circulation. Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
writer and occasional performer Al Franken satirized Silverman in a sketch on the program titled "A Limo For A Lame-O", where he presented a chart with the top-10 rated programs for that season and commented that there was "not one N" on the list. Silverman later admitted he "never liked Al Franken
Al Franken
to begin with", and the sketch ruined Franken's chance of succeeding Lorne Michaels as executive producer of SNL following his 1980 departure (with the position going to Jean Doumanian, who was fired after one season following declining ratings and negative critical reviews. Michaels would later return to the show in 1985).[33] Tartikoff's turnaround[edit] Fred Silverman resigned as entertainment president in the summer of 1981. Grant Tinker, a highly regarded producer who co-founded MTM Enterprises with then-wife Mary Tyler Moore, became president of the network and Brandon Tartikoff
Brandon Tartikoff
became president of the entertainment division. Tartikoff inherited a schedule full of aging dramas and very few sitcoms, but showed patience with promising programs. One such show was the critically acclaimed Hill Street Blues, which suffered from poor ratings during its first season. Rather than canceling the show, he moved the Emmy Award-winning police drama from Steven Bochco to Thursdays, where its ratings improved dramatically. He used the same tactics with St. Elsewhere
St. Elsewhere
and Cheers. Shows like these were able to get the same ad revenue as their higher-rated competition because of their desirable demographics, upscale adults ages 18–34.[34] While the network claimed moderate successes with Gimme a Break!, Silver Spoons, Knight Rider and Remington Steele, its biggest hit during this period was The A-Team, which, at 10th place, was the network's only program to rank in the Nielsen Top-20 for the 1982–83 season, and ascended to fourth place the following year. These shows helped NBC
NBC
through the disastrous 1983–84 season, which saw none of its nine new fall shows gaining a second year.[35] In February 1982, NBC
NBC
canceled Tom Snyder's The Tomorrow Show and gave the 12:35 a.m. time slot to 34-year-old comedian David Letterman. Though Letterman was unsuccessful with his weekday morning talk show effort for the network (which debuted on June 23, 1980), Late Night with David Letterman
David Letterman
proved much more successful, lasting for 11 years and serving as the launching pad for another late-night talk franchise that continues to this day. In 1984, the huge success of The Cosby Show
The Cosby Show
led to a renewed interest in sitcoms, while Family Ties
Family Ties
and Cheers, both of which premiered in 1982 to mediocre ratings (the latter ranking at near dead last among all network shows during the 1982–83 season), saw their viewership increase from having Cosby as a lead-in. The network rose from third place to second in the ratings during the 1984–85 season and reached first place in 1985–86, with hits The Golden Girls, Miami
Miami
Vice, 227, Night Court, Highway to Heaven
Highway to Heaven
and Hunter. The network's upswing continued late into the decade with ALF, Amen, Matlock, L.A. Law, The Hogan Family, A Different World, Empty Nest, Unsolved Mysteries
Unsolved Mysteries
and In the Heat of the Night. In 1986, Bob Wright
Bob Wright
was appointed as chairman of NBC. In the fall of 1987, NBC
NBC
conceived a syndication package for its owned-and-operated stations, under the brand "Prime Time Begins at 7:30", consisting of five sitcoms that each aired once a week, and were produced by various production companies contracted by NBC. The series included Marblehead Manor (from Paramount Television, airing Mondays), centering on a mansion owner and the people who live with him;[36] She's the Sheriff
She's the Sheriff
(from Lorimar-Telepictures and airing Tuesdays), a comeback vehicle for Suzanne Somers
Suzanne Somers
which cast her as a widowed county sheriff;[36] a series adapted from the George S. Kaufman play You Can't Take It with You (airing Wednesdays), starring Harry Morgan; Out of This World (from MCA Television
MCA Television
and airing Thursdays), which starred Maureen Flannigan as a teenager born to an alien father and human mother that develops supernatural abilities on her 15th birthday;[37] and a revival of the short-lived 1983 NBC series We Got It Made
We Got It Made
(produced by Fred Silverman for MGM Television and closing out the week on Fridays), as part of an ongoing trend at the time in which former network series were revived in first-run syndication.[37] The package was aimed at attracting viewers to NBC
NBC
stations in the half-hour preceding prime time (8:00 p.m. in the Eastern and Pacific Time Zone, 7:00 p.m. elsewhere),[37][38] and was conceived as a result of the FCC's loosening of the Prime Time Access Rule, legislation passed in 1971 that required networks to turn over the 7:30 p.m. (Eastern) time slot to local stations to program local or syndicated content; and the relaxation of the Financial Interest and Syndication Rules, which had prevented networks from producing content from their own syndication units to fill the void.[38] The shows that were part of the package were regularly outrated in many markets by such syndicated game shows as Wheel of Fortune, Jeopardy!
Jeopardy!
and Hollywood Squares. Marblehead Manor, We Got It Made and You Can't Take It With You were cancelled at the end of the 1987–88 season, with She's the Sheriff
She's the Sheriff
lasting one more season in weekend syndication before its cancellation. Out of This World ran for three additional seasons, airing mainly on weekends, and was the most successful of the five series. NBC
NBC
aired the first of eight consecutive Summer Olympic Games broadcasts when it covered the 1988 Games in Seoul, South Korea. The 1988–89 season saw NBC
NBC
have an astonishing 18 series in Nielsen's year-end Top 30 most-watched network programs; it also ranked at first place in the weekly ratings for more than 12 months, an unprecedented achievement that has not been duplicated since. The network continued its hot streak into the early 1990s with new hits such as The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Blossom and Law & Order. "Must See TV"[edit] Main article: Must See TV In 1991, Tartikoff left his role as NBC's President of Entertainment to take an executive position at Paramount Pictures. In the course of a decade, he had taken control of a network with no shows in the Nielsen Top 10 and left it with five. Tartikoff was succeeded by Warren Littlefield, whose first years as entertainment president proved shaky as a result of most of the Tartikoff-era hits ending their runs. Some blamed Littlefield for losing David Letterman
David Letterman
to CBS after naming Jay Leno
Jay Leno
as the successor to Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
on The Tonight Show, following the latter's retirement as host in May 1992. Things turned around with the launches of new hit series such as Mad About You, Wings, Sisters, Frasier, Friends, ER and Will & Grace. One of Tartikoff's late acquisitions, Seinfeld
Seinfeld
initially struggled from its debut in 1989 as a summer series, but grew to become one of NBC's top-rated shows after it was moved to Thursdays in the time slot following Cheers. Seinfeld
Seinfeld
ended its run in 1998, becoming the latest overall television program in the U.S. to end its final season as the leader in the Nielsen ratings for a single television season. Consequently, Friends
Friends
emerged as NBC's biggest television show after the 1998 Seinfeld
Seinfeld
final broadcast. It dominated the ratings, never leaving the top five watched shows of the year from its second through tenth seasons and landing on the number-one spot during season eight in the 2001–02 season as the latest sitcom in the U.S. to lead the annual Nielsen primetime television ratings. Cheers
Cheers
spinoff Frasier became a critical and commercial success, usually landing in the Nielsen Top 20 – although its ratings were overshadowed to a minor extent by Friends
Friends
– and went on to win numerous Emmy Awards (eventually setting a record for a sitcom that lasted until it was overtaken by Modern Family
Modern Family
in 2014). In 1994, the network began branding its strong Thursday night lineup, mainly in reference to the comedies airing in the first two hours, under the "Must See TV" tagline (which during the mid- and late 1990s, was also applied to NBC's comedy blocks on other nights, particularly on Tuesdays). By the mid-1990s, NBC's sports division, headed by Dick Ebersol, had rights to three of the four major professional sports leagues (the NFL, Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
and the NBA), the Olympics, and the national powerhouse Notre Dame Fighting Irish football team. The NBA on NBC
NBC
enjoyed great success in the 1990s due in large part to the Chicago
Chicago
Bulls' run of six championships at the hands of superstar Michael Jordan. However, NBC Sports
NBC Sports
would suffer a major blow in 1998, when it lost the rights to the American Football Conference
American Football Conference
(AFC) to CBS, which itself had lost rights to the National Football Conference (NFC) to Fox four years earlier;[39] the deal stripped NBC
NBC
of National Football League (NFL) game telecasts after 59 years and AFC games after 36 years (dating back to its existence as the American Football League prior to its 1970 merger with the NFL). Littlefield left NBC
NBC
in 1998 to pursue a career as a television and film producer,[40] with the network subsequently going through three entertainment presidents in three years. Littlefield was replaced as president of NBC
NBC
Entertainment by Scott Sassa, who oversaw the development of such shows as The West Wing, Law & Order: Special Victims Unit and Fear Factor. After Sassa was reassigned to NBC's West Coast Division, Garth Ancier was named as his replacement in 1999.[41] Jeff Zucker
Jeff Zucker
then succeeded Ancier as president of NBC
NBC
Entertainment in 2000.[42] New century, new problems[edit] At the start of the 2000s, NBC's fortunes started to take a rapid turn for the worse. That year, NBC's longstanding ratings lead ended as CBS (which had languished in the ratings after losing the NFL) overtook it for first place. In 2001, CBS
CBS
chose to move its hit reality series Survivor to serve as the anchor of its Thursday night lineup. Its success was taken as a suggestion that NBC's nearly two decades of dominance on Thursday nights could be broken; even so, the strength of Friends, Will & Grace, ER and Just Shoot Me!
Just Shoot Me!
(the latter of which saw its highest viewership following its move to that night in the 2000–01 season) helped the network continue to lead the Thursday ratings. Overall, NBC
NBC
retook its first place lead that year, and spent much of the next four years (with the exception of the 2002–03 season, when it was briefly jumped again by CBS
CBS
for first) in the top spot. On the other hand, NBC
NBC
was stripped of the broadcast rights to two other major sports leagues: it lost Major League Baseball
Major League Baseball
to Fox after the 2000 season (by that point, NBC
NBC
only had alternating rights to the All-Star Game, League Championship Series
League Championship Series
and World Series), and, later, the NBA to ABC after the 2001–02 season. After losing the NBA rights, NBC's major sports offerings were reduced to the Olympics (which in 2002, expanded to include rights to the Winter Olympics, as part of a contract that gave it the U.S. television rights to both the Summer and Winter Olympics through 2012), PGA Tour golf events and a floundering Notre Dame football program (however, it would eventually acquire the rights to the National Hockey League in May 2004). In October 2001, NBC
NBC
acquired Spanish-language network Telemundo
Telemundo
from Liberty Media
Liberty Media
and Sony Pictures Entertainment
Sony Pictures Entertainment
for $2.7 billion, beating out other bidders including CBS/Viacom. The deal was finalized in 2002.[43][44] In 2003, French entertainment conglomerate Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal (renamed Vivendi
Vivendi
in 2006) sold 80% of its film and television subsidiary Vivendi
Vivendi
Universal Entertainment to NBC's parent company General Electric, integrating the company with Vivendi's various film, television and amusement properties (including Universal Pictures), under the integrated NBC
NBC
Universal. NBC
NBC
Universal was then owned 80% by General Electric
General Electric
and 20% by Vivendi. In 2004, Zucker was promoted to the newly created position of president of NBC
NBC
Universal Television Group. Kevin Reilly became the new president of NBC
NBC
Entertainment.[45] In 2004, NBC
NBC
experienced a Three on a match scenario ( Friends
Friends
and Frasier
Frasier
ended their runs; Jerry Orbach, who had played one of the most popular characters of its hit Law & Order, died suddenly later that year), and shortly afterward was left with several moderately rated shows and few true hits.[46] In particular, Friends
Friends
spin-off Joey, despite a relatively strong start, started to falter in the ratings during its second season. The 2004–05 season saw NBC
NBC
become the first major network to air select dramas in letterbox over its analog broadcast feed; the move was done in the hopes of attracting new viewers, although the network saw only a slight boost. In December 2005, NBC
NBC
began its first week-long primetime game show event, Deal or No Deal; the series garnered high ratings, and returning as a weekly series in March 2006. Otherwise, the 2005–06 season was one of the worst for NBC
NBC
in three decades, with only one fall series, the sitcom My Name Is Earl, surviving for a second season; the sole remaining anchor of the "Must See TV" lineup, Will & Grace also saw its ratings decline. That season, NBC's ratings freefalled to fourth place, behind a resurgent ABC, Fox (which would eventually become the most-watched U.S. broadcast network in the 2007–08 season) and top-rated CBS
CBS
(which led for much of the remainder of the decade). During this time, all of the networks faced audience erosion from increased competition by cable television, home video, video games and the Internet, with NBC
NBC
being the hardest hit. The 2006–07 season was a mixed bag for the network, with Deal or No Deal remaining strong and Heroes becoming a surprise hit on Monday nights, while the highly touted Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip
Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip
(from West Wing creator Aaron Sorkin) lost a third of its premiere-night viewers by Week 6 and was eventually cancelled; two critically acclaimed sitcoms, The Office and 30 Rock, also pulled in modest successes and went on to win the Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Comedy Series for four consecutive years. The network also regained the rights to the NFL after eight years that season when it acquired the Sunday Night Football package from ESPN
ESPN
(as part of a deal that also saw Monday Night Football
Monday Night Football
move to ESPN
ESPN
from ABC). However, despite this, NBC
NBC
remained at a very distant fourth place, barely ranking ahead of The CW. However, NBC
NBC
did experience success with its summer schedule, despite its declining ratings during the main broadcast season. America's Got Talent, a reality talent competition series that premiered in 2006, earned a 4.6 rating in the 18-49 demographic, higher than that earned by the 2002 premiere of Fox's American Idol. Got Talent
Got Talent
(which is the flagship of an international talent competition franchise) would continue to garner unusually high ratings throughout its summer run. However, NBC
NBC
decided not to place it in the spring season, and instead use it as a platform to promote their upcoming fall shows. Originally hosted by Regis Philbin, as of 2013[update] the series is currently hosted by Nick Cannon, and continues to garner strong ratings throughout its summer seasons. In March 2007, NBC
NBC
announced that it would begin offering full-length episodes of its prime time series for streaming on mobile devices, becoming the first U.S. broadcast network to offer on-demand mobile episode content, as the market began shifting away from traditional television.[47] Following the unexpected termination of Kevin Reilly, in 2007, Ben Silverman was appointed president of NBC
NBC
Entertainment,[48] while Jeff Zucker was promoted to succeed Bob Wright
Bob Wright
as CEO of NBC. The network failed to generate any new primetime hits during the 2008–09 season (despite the rare good fortune of having the rights to both the Super Bowl and the Summer Olympics in which to promote their new programming slate), the sitcom Parks and Recreation
Parks and Recreation
survived for a second season after a six-episode first season, while Heroes and Deal or No Deal both collapsed in the ratings and were later cancelled (with a revamped Deal or No Deal being revived for one additional season in syndication). In a March 2009 interview, Zucker had stated that he no longer believed it would be possible for NBC
NBC
to become #1 in prime time.[49] Ben Silverman
Ben Silverman
left the network in 2009, with Jeff Gaspin replacing him as president of NBC
NBC
Entertainment. Comcast
Comcast
era (2011–present)[edit] See also: 2010 Tonight Show conflict On December 3, 2009, Comcast
Comcast
announced they would purchase a 51% controlling stake in NBC
NBC
Universal from General Electric
General Electric
(which would retain the remaining 49%) for $6.5 billion in cash and $9.1 billion in raised debt.[50] GE used $5.8 billion from the deal to buy out Vivendi's 20% interest in NBC
NBC
Universal.[50] NBC's broadcast of the 2010 Winter Olympics
2010 Winter Olympics
in Vancouver, in February of that year, generated a ratings increase of 21% over its broadcast of the 2006 Winter Games in Torino. The network was criticized for repeatedly showing footage of a crash occurring during practice for an Olympic luge competition that killed Georgian luger Nodar Kumaritashvili. NBC News
NBC News
president Steve Capus ordered the footage not to be shown without his permission and Olympics prime time host Bob Costas promised on-air that the video would not be shown again during the Games.[51][52] NBC
NBC
Universal was on track to lose $250 million in advertising revenue on that year's Winter Olympics, failing to make up the $820 million it paid for the U.S. television rights.[53] Even so, with its continuing position in fourth place (although it virtually tied with ABC in many demographics on the strength of NBC's sports broadcasts that year[54]), the 2009–10 season ended with only two scripted shows – Community and Parenthood, as well as three unscripted shows – The Marriage Ref, Who Do You Think You Are? and Minute to Win It
Minute to Win It
– being renewed for second seasons, while other series such as Heroes and veteran crime drama Law & Order (the latter of which ended after 20 seasons, tying it with Gunsmoke
Gunsmoke
as the longest-running prime time drama in U.S. television history) were cancelled.

Supporters of Conan O'Brien's hosting duties at The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
stage a protest outside Universal Studios
Universal Studios
in Los Angeles.

After Conan O'Brien
Conan O'Brien
succeeded Jay Leno
Jay Leno
as host of The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
in 2009, the network gave Leno a new prime time talk show, committing to air it every weeknight at 10:00 p.m. Eastern and Pacific as an inexpensive comedic alternative to the police procedurals and other hour-long dramas typically aired in that time slot.[55] In doing so, NBC
NBC
became the first major U.S. broadcast network in decades,[56] if ever,[57] to broadcast the same program in a weekdaily prime time strip. Its executives called the decision "a transformational moment in the history of broadcasting" and "in effect, launching five shows."[56] Conversely, industry executives criticized the network for abandoning a history of airing quality dramas in the 10:00 hour, and expressed concern that it would hurt NBC
NBC
by undermining a reputation built on successful scripted series.[58] Citing complaints from many affiliates, which saw their late-evening newscasts drop significantly in the local ratings during The Jay Leno
Jay Leno
Show's run, NBC
NBC
announced on January 10, 2010 that it would drop Leno's show from the 10:00 p.m. slot –[59] with Zucker announcing plans to shift the program (which would have been reduced to a half-hour) into the 11:35 p.m. slot and shift its existing late night lineup (including The Tonight Show) by 30 minutes. The removal of The Jay Leno Show from its prime time schedule had almost no impact on the network's ratings. The increases NBC
NBC
experienced in the 2010–11 season compared to 2009–10 were almost entirely attributable to the rising viewership of NBC
NBC
Sunday Night Football.[60] By 2012, the shows that occupied the 10:00 p.m. time slot drew lower numbers than The Jay Leno
Jay Leno
Show did when it aired in that hour two years before.[61] In the spring of 2010, cable provider and multimedia firm Comcast announced it would acquire a majority interest in NBC
NBC
Universal from General Electric, which would retain a minority stake in the company in the interim. On September 24, 2010, Jeff Zucker
Jeff Zucker
announced that he would step down as NBC
NBC
Universal's CEO once the company's merger with Comcast
Comcast
was completed at the end of the year.[62][63] After the deal was finalized, Steve Burke was named CEO of NBCUniversal[64] and Robert Greenblatt replaced Jeff Gaspin as chairman of NBC
NBC
Entertainment.[65] In 2011, NBC
NBC
was finally able to find a breakout hit in the midseason reality singing competition series The Voice. Otherwise, NBC
NBC
had another tough season, with every single new fall program getting cancelled by season's end - the third time this has happened to the network after the fall of 1975, and the fall of 1983 - and the midseason legal drama Harry's Law being its only freshman scripted series to be renewed for the 2011–12 season. The network nearly completed its full conversion to an all-HD schedule (outside of the Saturday morning time slot leased by the Qubo
Qubo
consortium, which NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
would rescind its stake in the following year) on September 20, 2011, when Last Call with Carson Daly
Last Call with Carson Daly
converted to the format with the premiere of its 11th season. The 2011–12 season was another tough season for NBC. On the upside, the network's broadcast of Super Bowl XLVI
Super Bowl XLVI
was the most-watched program in U.S. television history at the time, and the network's Monday night midseason lineup of The Voice and musical-drama Smash was very successful. The network managed to lift itself into third place in the 18-49 demographic in the 2011–12 season, primarily on the strength of those three programs (SNF, The Voice, and Smash), breaking the network's eight-year streak in fourth place. Four shows survived for a second season, but three of them were cancelled in the following year, none were unqualified ratings successes, and the network remained a distant fourth place in total viewership. In the fall of 2012, NBC
NBC
greatly expanded its sitcom roster, with eight comedy series airing on Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday nights. NBC
NBC
bounced back to first place network in adults 18-49 that fall, boosted by the new season of The Voice, the initial success of freshman drama Revolution and sitcom Go On, and the continued strength of Sunday Night Football. However, withholding the new season of The Voice and benching Revolution until late March, the network's midseason ratings suffered, falling to fifth place behind Spanish-language network Univision
Univision
during the February sweeps period.[66] The 2012–13 season ended with NBC
NBC
finishing in third place overall,[67][68] albeit by a narrow margin, with only three new shows, all dramas, surviving for a second season (Revolution, Chicago Fire and Hannibal). In 2013, NBC Sports
NBC Sports
migrated its business and production operations (including NBCSN) to new facilities in Stamford, Connecticut.[69] Production of the network's NFL pre-game show Football Night in America remained at the NBC
NBC
Studios at Rockefeller Center
Rockefeller Center
(with production operations based in Studio 8G, while the program itself was broadcast in Studio 8H, the longtime home of Saturday Night Live), until it migrated to the Stamford facility in September 2014. Despite the failure of another highly advertised game show event, The Million Second Quiz, the 2013–14 season was mostly successful for NBC
NBC
due to the continued success of The Voice, Chicago
Chicago
Fire, Revolution, Sunday Night Football and Grimm. Along with new hits including The Blacklist, Hannibal and Chicago
Chicago
PD and a significant ratings boost from its broadcast of the 2014 Winter Olympics, NBC
NBC
became the #1 network in the coveted 18-49 demographic that season for the first time since 2003–04, when Friends
Friends
ended. NBC
NBC
also improved considerably in total viewership, finishing behind long-dominant CBS
CBS
in second place for the season.[70] The 2014–15 season was something of a mixed bag for NBC, but still successful. NBC
NBC
launched eight new series that year, with only one, comedy-drama police procedural The Mysteries of Laura, being renewed for a second season. Nevertheless, the network continued to experience success with most of its returning series, especially The Blacklist (despite a modest decline in viewership following its move to Thursdays midway through the season, due partly to an initial weak lead-in from miniseries The Slap). Combined with the record number of viewers tuning in to Super Bowl XLIX, NBC
NBC
again finished #1 in the 18-49 demographic and in second place overall.[71] The 2015–16 season was successful for NBC, with the successful launch of the new drama Blindspot premiering after The Voice, then subsequently being renewed for a second season in November 2015.[72] NBC
NBC
also continued with the success with the Chicago
Chicago
franchise with launching its second spin-off Chicago
Chicago
Med, which also received an early second season pick up in February 2016.[73] Thursday nights continues to be a struggle for NBC, with continued success with the third season of The Blacklist brought the failed launch of Heroes Reborn which was cancelled in January 2016,[74] and thriller The Player, however NBC
NBC
found success with police procedural Shades of Blue which improved the 10pm time slot and was renewed for a second season in February 2016.[75] On the comedy side, NBC
NBC
surprisingly found success in the new workplace sitcom Superstore which premiered as a "preview" after The Voice in November 2015, and officially launched in January 2016 which brought decent ratings for a new comedy without The Voice as a lead-in and which was subsequently renewed for a second season in February 2016.[76] The 2016–17 season brought more success for NBC
NBC
with new Comedy-drama This Is Us which was well received by critics and ratings and was renewed for two additional seasons in January 2017.[77] The Blacklist continued to bring in modest ratings however, it brought the failed launch of its spinoff The Blacklist: Redemption. NBC
NBC
continued to grow the Chicago
Chicago
franchise with a third spinoff titled Chicago Justice. On the comedy side, workplace sitcom Superstore continued success in its second season. The network launched new fantasy sitcom The Good Place
The Good Place
following The Voice and brought in modest ratings and was renewed for a second season in January 2017.[78] Programming[edit] Main articles: List of programs broadcast by NBC, List of programs previously broadcast by NBC, and NBC
NBC
Sports As of 2013[update], NBC
NBC
provides 87 hours of regularly scheduled network programming each week. The network provides 22 hours of prime time programming to affiliated stations Monday through Saturdays from 8:00–11:00 p.m. (7:00–10:00 p.m. in all other U.S. time zones) and Sundays from 7:00–11:00 p.m. Eastern and Pacific Time (6:00–10:00 p.m. in all other time zones). Daytime programming is also provided weekdays between 12:00 and 3:00 p.m. in the form of the one-hour weekday soap opera Days of Our Lives (the scheduling of the program varies depending on the station, although it is initially fed to affiliates at 1:00 p.m. Eastern). NBC News
NBC News
programming includes the morning news/interview program Today from 7:00–11:00 a.m. weekdays, 7:00–9:00 on Saturdays and 7:00–8:00 on Sundays; nightly editions of NBC
NBC
Nightly News (whose weekend editions are occasionally subject to abbreviation or preemption due to sports telecasts overrunning into the program's time slot), the Sunday political talk show Meet the Press, weekday early-morning news program Early Today
Early Today
and newsmagazine Dateline NBC. Late nights feature the weeknight talk shows The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
Starring Jimmy Fallon, Late Night with Seth Meyers
Late Night with Seth Meyers
and Last Call with Carson Daly, weeknight replays of the fourth hour of Today and CNBC
CNBC
program Mad Money, and the sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live, and the LXTV-produced 1st Look and Open House NYC on Saturdays (replays of the previous week's 1st Look also air on Friday late nights on most stations). The network's Saturday morning children's programming time slot is programmed by Litton Entertainment
Litton Entertainment
under a time-lease agreement. The three-hour block of programming designed for 14-16 year-old teenage viewers is under the umbrella branding of The More You Know, based on the network's long-time strand of internally-produced public service announcements of the same name. It premiered on October 8, 2016, giving Litton control of all but Fox's Saturday morning E/I programming among the five major broadcast networks. Sports programming is also provided weekend afternoons at any time between 12:00 and 6:00 p.m. (9:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m., or tape-delayed in the Pacific Time Zone). Due to the unpredictable length of sporting events, NBC
NBC
will occasionally pre-empt scheduled programs (more common with the weekend editions of NBC
NBC
Nightly News, and local and syndicated programs carried by its owned-and-operated stations and affiliates). NBC
NBC
has also held the American broadcasting rights to the Summer Olympic Games
Summer Olympic Games
since the 1988 games and the rights to the Winter Olympic Games
Winter Olympic Games
since the 2002 games. Coverage of the Olympics on NBC
Olympics on NBC
have included pre-empting regularly scheduled programs during daytime, primetime, and late night. NBC
NBC
News[edit] Main article: NBC
NBC
News News coverage has long been an important part of NBC's operations and public image, dating to the network's radio days. Notable NBC
NBC
News productions past and present include Today, NBC Nightly News
NBC Nightly News
(and its immediate predecessor, the Huntley-Brinkley Report), Meet the Press (which has the distinction of the longest continuously running program in the history of American television), Dateline NBC, Early Today, NBC News at Sunrise, NBC Nightside and Rock Center with Brian Williams. In 1989, the news division began its expansion to cable with the launch of business news channel CNBC. The company eventually formed other cable news services including MSNBC
MSNBC
(created in 1996 originally as a joint venture with Microsoft, which now features a mix of general news and political discussion programs with a liberal stance),[79][80] and the 2008 acquisition of The Weather Channel
The Weather Channel
in conjunction with Blackstone Group
Blackstone Group
and Bain Capital. In addition, NBCSN
NBCSN
(operated as part of the NBC Sports
NBC Sports
Group, and which became an NBC
NBC
property through Comcast's acquisition of NBCUniversal) carries sports news content alongside sports event telecasts. Key anchors from NBC News
NBC News
are also used during NBC Sports
NBC Sports
coverage of the Olympic Games. Daytime programming[edit] Main article: NBC
NBC
Daytime NBC
NBC
is currently the home to only one daytime program, the hour-long soap opera Days of Our Lives, which has been broadcast on the network since 1965. Since NBC
NBC
turned back an hour of its then two-hour daytime schedule to its affiliates as a result of the September 2007 expansion of Today to four hours, the network currently ties with The CW
The CW
for the fewest daytime programming hours of any major broadcast television network. Long-running daytime dramas seen on NBC
NBC
in the past include The Doctors (1963–1982), Another World (1964–1999), Santa Barbara (1984–1993), and Passions
Passions
(1999–2007, later moving to The 101). NBC
NBC
also aired the final 4½ years of Search for Tomorrow (1982–1986) after that series was initially cancelled by CBS, although many NBC
NBC
affiliates did not clear the show during its tenure on the network. NBC
NBC
has also aired numerous short-lived soap operas, including Generations (1989–1991), Sunset Beach (1997–1999), and the two Another World spin-offs, Somerset (1970–1976) and Texas (1980–1982). Notable daytime game shows that once aired on NBC
NBC
include The Price Is Right (1956–1963), Concentration (1958–1973 and 1987–1991 as Classic Concentration), The Match Game
Match Game
(1962–1969), Let's Make a Deal (1963–1968 and 1990–1991, as well as a short-lived primetime revival in 2002), Jeopardy!
Jeopardy!
(1964–1975 and 1978–1979), The Hollywood Squares
Hollywood Squares
(1966–1980), Wheel of Fortune (1975–1989 and 1991), Password Plus/Super Password (1979–1982 and 1984–1989), Sale of the Century (1969–1973 and 1983–1989) and Scrabble (1984–1990 and 1993). The last game show ever to air as part of NBC's daytime schedule was the short-lived Caesars Challenge, which ended in January 1994. Notable past daytime talk shows that have aired on NBC
NBC
have included Home (1954–1957), The Ernie Kovacs Show
The Ernie Kovacs Show
(1955–1956), The Merv Griffin Show (1962–1963), Leeza (1994–1999) and Later Today (1999–2000). Children's programming[edit] Main articles: Children's programming on NBC, TNBC, Discovery Kids on NBC, qubo, and NBC
NBC
Kids Children's programming has played a part in NBC's programming since its initial roots in television. NBC's first major children's series, Howdy Doody, debuted in 1947 and was one of the era's first breakthrough television shows. From the mid-1960s until 1992, the bulk of NBC's children's programming was composed of mainly animated programming including classic Looney Tunes
Looney Tunes
and Woody Woodpecker shorts; reruns of primetime animated sitcoms such as The Flintstones and The Jetsons; foreign acquisitions like Astro Boy
Astro Boy
and Kimba the White Lion; animated adaptions of Punky Brewster, ALF and Star Trek
Star Trek
as well as animated vehicles for Gary Coleman
Gary Coleman
and Mr. T; live-action programs like The Banana Splits, The Bugaloos
The Bugaloos
and H.R. Pufnstuf; and the original broadcasts of Gumby, The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show, Underdog, The Smurfs, Alvin and the Chipmunks and Disney's Adventures of the Gummi Bears. From 1984 to 1989, the network aired a series of public service announcements called One to Grow On, which aired after the end credits of every program or every other children's program.[81] In 1989, NBC
NBC
premiered Saved by the Bell, a live-action teen sitcom which originated on The Disney Channel
Disney Channel
the previous year as Good Morning, Miss Bliss (which served as a starring vehicle for Hayley Mills; four cast members from that show were cast in the NBC
NBC
series as the characters they originally played on Miss Bliss). Saved by the Bell, despite being given bad reviews from television critics, would become one of the most popular teen series in television history as well as the top-rated series on Saturday mornings, dethroning ABC's The Bugs Bunny and Tweety Show in its first season. The success of Saved by the Bell
Saved by the Bell
led NBC
NBC
to remove animated series from its Saturday morning lineup in August 1992 in favor of additional live-action series as part of a new block called TNBC, along with the debut of a Saturday edition of Today. Most of the series featured on the TNBC lineup were executive produced by Peter Engel (such as City Guys, Hang Time, California Dreams, One World and the Saved by the Bell spinoff, Saved by the Bell: The New Class), with the lineup being designed from the start to meet the earliest form of the FCC's educational programming guidelines under the Children's Television Act.[82] NBA Inside Stuff, an analysis and interview program aimed at teens that was hosted for most of its run by Ahmad Rashād, was also a part of the TNBC lineup during the NBA season until 2002 (when the program moved to ABC as a result of that network taking the NBA rights from NBC). In 2002, NBC
NBC
entered into an agreement with Discovery Communications to carry educational children's programs from the Discovery Kids cable channel.[82] Debuting that September, the Discovery Kids on NBC
Discovery Kids on NBC
block originally consisted exclusively of live-action series, including reality series Trading Spaces: Boys vs. Girls (a kid-themed version of the TLC series Trading Spaces); the Emmy-nominated reality game show Endurance, hosted and produced by J. D. Roth (whose production company, 3-Ball Productions, would also produce reality series The Biggest Loser for NBC
NBC
beginning in 2003); and scripted series such as Strange Days at Blake Holsey High
Strange Days at Blake Holsey High
and Scout's Safari. The block later expanded to include some animated series such as Kenny the Shark, Tutenstein
Tutenstein
and Time Warp Trio. In May 2006, NBC
NBC
announced plans to launch a new Saturday morning children's block under the Qubo
Qubo
brand in September 2006.[83] An endeavor originally operated as a joint venture between NBC
NBC
Universal, Ion Media Networks, Scholastic Press, Classic Media
Classic Media
and Corus Entertainment's Nelvana
Nelvana
unit (Ion acquired the other partners' shares in 2013), the Qubo
Qubo
venture also encompassed weekly blocks on Telemundo and Ion Television, a 24-hour digital multicast network on Ion's owned-and-operated and affiliated stations, as well as video on demand services and a branded website. Qubo
Qubo
launched on NBC
NBC
on September 9, 2006 with six programs (VeggieTales, Dragon, VeggieTales
VeggieTales
Presents: 3-2-1 Penguins!, Babar, Jane and the Dragon and Jacob Two-Two). On March 28, 2012, it was announced that NBC
NBC
would launch a new Saturday morning preschool block programmed by Sprout (originally jointly owned by NBCUniversal, PBS, Sesame Workshop
Sesame Workshop
and Apax Partners, with the former acquiring the other's interests later that year). The block, NBC
NBC
Kids, premiered on July 7, 2012, replacing the " Qubo
Qubo
on NBC" block.[84][85][86][87] Specials[edit] NBC
NBC
holds the broadcast rights to several annual specials and award show telecasts including the Golden Globe Awards and the Emmy Awards (which is rotated across all four major networks each year). Since 1952, NBC
NBC
has served as the official U.S. broadcaster of the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade. CBS
CBS
also carries unauthorized coverage of the Macy's parade as part of The Thanksgiving Day Parade on CBS; However, as NBC
NBC
holds rights to the parade, it has exclusivity over the broadcast of Broadway and music performances appearing in the parade ( CBS
CBS
airs live performances separate from those seen in the parade as a result), and Macy's chose to reroute the parade in 2012 out of the view of CBS' cameras, although it continues to cover the parade. NBC began airing a same-day rebroadcast of the parade telecast in 2009 (replacing its annual Thanksgiving afternoon airing of Miracle on 34th Street). In 2007, NBC
NBC
acquired the rights to the National Dog Show, which airs following the Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade
Macy's Thanksgiving Day Parade
each year. The network also broadcasts several live-action and animated specials during the Christmas holiday season, including the 2014 debuts How Murray Saved Christmas (an animated musical adaptation of the children's book of the same name) and Elf: Buddy's Musical Christmas (a stop-motion animated special based on the 2003 live-action film Elf). Since 2013, the network has aired live musical adaptations with major stars in lead roles. Originally dismissed as a gimmick, they have proven to be ratings successes, as well as a nostalgic tribute to the early days of television. Past adaptations include:

The Sound of Music in 2013 (starring Carrie Underwood
Carrie Underwood
as Maria Von Trapp) Peter Pan in 2014 (starring Allison Williams in the titular role and Christopher Walken
Christopher Walken
as Captain Hook) The Wiz in 2015 (starring Queen Latifah
Queen Latifah
as the Wiz, Mary J. Blige
Mary J. Blige
as the Wicked Witch and Uzo Aduba
Uzo Aduba
as the Good Witch) Hairspray in 2016 (starring Ariana Grande
Ariana Grande
as Penny Pingleton, Jennifer Hudson as Motormouth Maybelle, Kristin Chenoweth
Kristin Chenoweth
as Velma von Tussle and Harvey Fierstein
Harvey Fierstein
as Edna Turnblad, reprising his role in the original Broadway production) Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ
Superstar in Easter 2018 (starring John Legend
John Legend
as Jesus Christ, Sara Bareilles
Sara Bareilles
as Mary Magdalene and Alice Cooper
Alice Cooper
as King Herod)[88]

Scheduled live musical broadcasts include:

Bye Bye Birdie in 2019 (starring Jennifer Lopez
Jennifer Lopez
as Rosie Alvarez)[citation needed]

From 2003 to 2014, NBC
NBC
also held rights to two of the three pageants organized by the Miss Universe
Miss Universe
Organization: the Miss Universe
Miss Universe
and Miss USA
Miss USA
pageants ( NBC
NBC
also held rights to the Miss Teen USA
Miss Teen USA
pageant from 2003, when NBC
NBC
also assumed rights to the Miss USA
Miss USA
and Miss Universe pageants as part of a deal brokered by Miss Universe Organization owner Donald Trump
Donald Trump
that gave the network half-ownership of the pageants,[89] until 2007, when NBC
NBC
declined to renew its contract to carry Miss Teen USA, effectively discontinuing televised broadcasts of that event). NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
relinquished the rights to Miss Universe
Miss Universe
and Miss USA
Miss USA
on June 29, 2015, as part of its decision to cut business ties with Donald Trump
Donald Trump
and the Miss Universe Organization (which was half-owned by corporate parent NBCUniversal) in response to controversial remarks about Mexican immigrants made by Trump during the launch of his 2016 campaign for the Republican Presidential nomination.[90][91] Programming library[edit] Through the years, NBC
NBC
has produced many in-house programs, in addition to airing content from other producers such as Revue Studios and its successor Universal Television. Notable in-house productions by NBC
NBC
have included Get Smart, Bonanza, Little House on the Prairie, Las Vegas and Crossing Jordan. NBC
NBC
sold the distribution rights to programs it produced prior to that year to National Telefilm Associates in 1973; those rights are currently owned by CBS
CBS
Television Distribution, although NBC
NBC
still owns the copyrights to the episodes. As a result, NBC, in a way, now owns several other series aired on the network prior to 1973, such as Wagon Train. NBC
NBC
continues to own its entire library of programs produced after 1973, through corporate sister NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
Television Group (the successor to Universal Television). Stations[edit] Main articles: List of NBC
NBC
television affiliates (by U.S. state), List of NBC
NBC
television affiliates (table), and NBC
NBC
Owned Television Stations As of November 2017[update], NBC
NBC
has twelve owned-and-operated stations and current and pending affiliation agreements with 227 additional television stations encompassing 49 states, the District of Columbia, six U.S. possessions and two non-U.S. territories ( Aruba
Aruba
and Bermuda).[92][93] The network has a national reach of 97.35% of all households in the United States
United States
(or 304,198,716 Americans with at least one television set). Currently, New Jersey
New Jersey
is the only U.S. state where NBC
NBC
does not have a locally licensed affiliate. New Jersey
New Jersey
is served by New York City O&O WNBC-TV and Philadelphia
Philadelphia
O&O WCAU; New Jersey
New Jersey
formerly had an in-state affiliate in Atlantic City-based WMGM-TV, which was affiliated with the network from 1955 to 2014. NBC
NBC
maintains affiliations with low-power stations (broadcasting either in analog or digital) in a few smaller markets, such as Binghamton, New York (WBGH-CD), Jackson, Tennessee
Jackson, Tennessee
(WNBJ-LD) and Juneau, Alaska
Juneau, Alaska
(KATH-LD), that do not have enough full-power stations to support a standalone affiliate. In some markets, these stations also maintain digital simulcasts on a subchannel of a co-owned/co-managed full-power television station. As mentioned with New Hampshire and Boston, NBC
NBC
operates a low-powered station in Boston, WBTS-LD, which aims to serve as its station in that market while using a network of additional full-power stations to cover the market in full. This is expected to be a temporary arrangement, as broadcasters like NBC
NBC
are currently unable to purchase any new full-power television stations during the current FCC spectrum auction. Currently outside of the NBC
NBC
Owned Television Stations-operated O&O group, Tegna Media is the largest operator of NBC
NBC
stations in terms of overall market reach, owning or providing services to 20 NBC affiliates (including those in larger markets such as Denver, St. Louis, Seattle and Cleveland); Gray Television
Gray Television
is the largest operator of NBC
NBC
stations by numerical total, owning 23 NBC-affiliated stations. Related services[edit] Video-on-demand services[edit] NBC
NBC
provides video on demand access for delayed viewing of the network's programming through various means, including via its website at NBC.com, a traditional VOD service called NBC
NBC
on Demand available on most traditional cable and IPTV
IPTV
providers,[94] and through content deals with Hulu
Hulu
and Netflix
Netflix
(the latter of which carries only cataloged episodes of NBC
NBC
programs, after losing the right to carry newer episodes of its programs during their current seasons in July 2011). NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
is a part-owner of Hulu
Hulu
(as part of a consortium that includes, among other parties, the respective parent companies of ABC and Fox, The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
and 21st Century Fox), and has offered full-length episodes of most of NBC's programming through the streaming service (which are available for viewing on Hulu's website and mobile app) since Hulu
Hulu
launched in private beta testing on October 29, 2007.[95][96][97][98] The most recent episodes of the network's shows are usually made available on NBC.com and Hulu
Hulu
the day after their original broadcast. In addition, NBC.com and certain other partner websites (including Hulu) provide complete back catalogs of most of its current series as well as a limited selection of episodes of classic series from the NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
Television Distribution program library – including shows not broadcast by NBC
NBC
during their original runs (including the complete or partial episode catalogs of shows like 30 Rock, The A-Team, Charles in Charge, Emergency!, Knight Rider (both the original series and the short-lived 2008 reboot), Kojak, Miami
Miami
Vice, The Office, Quantum Leap
Quantum Leap
and Simon & Simon).[99][100][101] On February 18, 2015, NBC
NBC
began providing live programming streams of local NBC
NBC
stations in select markets, which are only available to authenticated subscribers of participating pay television providers. All eleven NBC
NBC
owned-and-operated stations owned by NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
Owned Television Stations' were the first stations to offer streams of their programming on NBC's website and mobile app, with intentions to reach agreements with other station groups to provide streams of NBC-affiliated stations in other markets. Due to restrictions imposed by the league, the network's NFL game telecasts are not permitted to be streamed on the service.[102][103][104][105] NBC
NBC
HD[edit] NBC's master feed is transmitted in 1080i
1080i
high definition, the native resolution format for NBCUniversal's television properties. However, 19 of its affiliates transmit the network's programming in 720p
720p
HD, while four others carry the network feed in 480i
480i
standard definition[92] either due to technical considerations for affiliates of other major networks that carry NBC
NBC
programming on a digital subchannel or because a primary feed NBC
NBC
affiliate has yet upgraded their transmission equipment to allow content to be presented in HD. WRAL-TV
WRAL-TV
in Raleigh, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
(a station that re-joined NBC
NBC
in February 2016) is currently testing the upcoming ATSC 3.0 television standard, which will allow the transmission of 2160p ultra-high-definition television (UHD), through a secondary experimental station (WRAL-EX); it has transmitted limited NBC programming in UHD through a secondary subchannel, and is currently the only station overall which transmits NBC's schedule in 1080p
1080p
on its main subchannel. Meet the Press
Meet the Press
was the first regular series on a major television network to produce a high-definition broadcast on February 2, 1997, which aired in the format over WHD-TV
WHD-TV
in Washington, D.C., an experimental television station owned by a consortium of industry groups and stations which launched to allow testing of HD broadcasts and operated until 2002 (the program itself continued to be transmitted in 480i
480i
standard definition over the NBC
NBC
network until May 2, 2010, when it became the last NBC News
NBC News
program to convert to HD).[106][107] NBC
NBC
officially began its conversion to high definition with the launch of its simulcast feed, NBC
NBC
HD, on April 26, 1999, when The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
became the first HD program to air on the NBC
NBC
network as well as the first regularly scheduled American network program to be produced and transmitted in high definition. The network gradually converted much of its existing programming from standard-definition to high definition beginning with the 2002–03 season, with select shows among that season's slate of freshmen scripted series being broadcast in HD from their debuts.[108] The network completed its conversion to high definition in September 2012, with the launch of NBC
NBC
Kids, a new Saturday morning children's block programmed by new partial sister network PBS
PBS
Kids Sprout, which also became the second Saturday morning children's block with an entirely HD schedule (after the ABC-syndicated Litton's Weekend Adventure). All of the network's programming has been presented in full HD since then (with the exception of certain holiday specials produced prior to 2005 – such as its annual broadcast of It's a Wonderful Life – which continue to be presented in 4:3 SD, although some have been remastered for HD broadcast). NBCi[edit]

NBCi header used from 1999 to 2007.

In 1999, NBC
NBC
launched NBCi (briefly changing its web address to "www.nbci.com"), a heavily advertised online venture serving as an attempt to launch an Internet
Internet
portal and homepage. This move saw NBC partner with XOOM.com (not to be confused with the current money transfer service), e-mail.com, AllBusiness.com,[109] and Snap.com (eventually acquiring all four companies outright; Snap should also not be confused with the current-day parent of Snapchat) to launch a multi-faceted internet portal with e-mail, webhosting, community, chat and personalization capabilities, and news content. Subsequently, in April 2000, NBC
NBC
purchased GlobalBrain, a company specializing in search engines that learned from searches initiated by its users, for $32 million. The experiment lasted roughly one season; after its failure, NBCi's operations were folded back into NBC.[110] The NBC
NBC
Television portion of the website reverted to NBC.com. However, the NBCi website continued in operation as a portal for NBC-branded content (NBCi.com would be redirected to NBCi.msnbc.com), using a co-branded version of InfoSpace to deliver minimal portal content. In mid-2007, NBCi.com began to mirror the main NBC.com website;[111] NBCi.com was eventually redirected to the NBC.com domain in 2010. Evolution of the NBC
NBC
logo[edit] Main article: Logo of NBC NBC
NBC
has used a number of logos throughout its history; early logos used by the television and radio networks were similar to the logo of its then parent company, RCA. Logos used later in NBC's existence incorporated stylized peacock designs, including the current version that has been in use since 1986. International broadcasts[edit] Canada[edit] NBC
NBC
network programs can be received throughout most of Canada on cable, satellite and IPTV
IPTV
providers through certain U.S.-based affiliates of the network (such as WBTS-LD/Boston, KING-TV/Seattle, KBJR-TV/Duluth, Minnesota, WGRZ/ Buffalo, New York
Buffalo, New York
and WDIV-TV/Detroit). Some programs carried on these stations are subject to simultaneous substitutions, a practice imposed by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission in which a pay television provider supplants an American station's signal with a feed from a Canadian station/network airing a particular program in the same time slot to protect domestic advertising revenue. Some of these affiliates are also receivable over-the-air in southern areas of the country located near the Canada– United States
United States
border (signal coverage was somewhat reduced after the digital television transition in 2009 due to the lower radiated power required to transmit digital signals). Europe and the Middle East[edit] NBC
NBC
no longer exists outside the Americas as a channel in its own right. However, NBC News
NBC News
and MSNBC
MSNBC
programs are broadcast for a few hours a day on Orbit News
Orbit News
in Europe, Africa and the Middle East. Sister network CNBC
CNBC
Europe also broadcasts occasional breaking news coverage from MSNBC
MSNBC
as well as The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
Starring Jimmy Fallon (until 2010, the channel formerly broadcast daily airings of NBC Nightly News).[112] NBC
NBC
Super Channel becomes NBC
NBC
Europe[edit] In 1993, then- NBC
NBC
parent General Electric
General Electric
acquired Super Channel, relaunching the Pan-European cable network as NBC
NBC
Super Channel.[113] In 1996, the channel was renamed NBC
NBC
Europe, but was, from then on, almost always referred to on-air as simply "NBC". Most of NBC
NBC
Europe's prime time programming was produced in Europe due to rights restrictions associated with U.S. primetime shows; the channel's weekday late night schedule after 11:00 p.m. Central European Time, however, featured The Tonight Show, Late Night with Conan O'Brien
Conan O'Brien
and Later, which the channel's slogan "Where the Stars Come Out at Night" was based around. Many NBC News
NBC News
programs were broadcast on NBC
NBC
Europe, including Dateline NBC, Meet the Press
Meet the Press
and NBC
NBC
Nightly News, the latter of which was broadcast simultaneously with the initial U.S. telecast. Today was also initially aired live in the afternoons, but was later broadcast instead the following morning on a more than half-day delay. In 1999, NBC Europe
NBC Europe
ceased broadcasting in most of Europe outside of Germany; the network was concurrently relaunched as a German-language technology channel aimed at a younger demographic, with the new series NBC
NBC
GIGA as its flagship program. In 2005, the channel was relaunched again as the free-to-air movie channel Das Vierte. GIGA Television
GIGA Television
was subsequently spun off as a separate digital channel, available on satellite and cable providers in Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Latin America[edit] Mexico[edit] NBC
NBC
programming is available in Mexico
Mexico
through affiliates in markets located within proximity to the Mexico– United States
United States
border (such as KYMA-DT/Yuma, Arizona; KGNS-TV/Laredo, Texas; KTSM/El Paso, Texas; KVEO/Brownsville, Texas; and KNSD/San Diego), whose signals are readily receivable over-the-air in border areas of northern Mexico. Some U.S.-based border affiliates are also available on domestic cable and satellite providers throughout the country, including in the Mexico
Mexico
City area. Nicaragua[edit] In Nicaragua, satellite providers carry either select U.S.-based NBC and Telemundo
Telemundo
affiliated stations or the main network feed from NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
or Telemundo. The main local affiliate stations are NBC
NBC
6 WTVJ, Telemundo
Telemundo
51 WSCV in Miami. In addition to the NBC
NBC
programming there is also available by the NBC
NBC
sister network Telemundo, a Spanish network based in the United States. Canal de Noticias[edit] In 1993, NBC
NBC
launched a 24-hour Spanish-language news channel serving Latin America (the second news channel serving that region overall, after Noticias ECO, and the first to broadcast 24 hours a day), Canal de Noticias NBC, which based its news schedule around the "wheel" format conceived at CNN.[114] The channel, which was headquartered in the offices of the NBC News
NBC News
Channel affiliate news service in Charlotte, North Carolina, employed over 50 journalists to produce, write, anchor and provide technical services. Canal de Noticias NBC shut down in 1999 due to the channel's inability to generate sustainable advertising revenue. Caribbean[edit] In the Caribbean, many cable and satellite providers carry either select U.S.-based NBC
NBC
affiliated stations or the main network feed from NBC
NBC
O&Os WNBC
WNBC
in New York City
New York City
or WTVJ
WTVJ
in Miami. In addition, the network's programming has been available in the U.S. Virgin Islands since 2004 on WVGN-LD
WVGN-LD
in Charlotte Amalie (owned by LKK Group), while Telemundo
Telemundo
owned-and-operated station WKAQ-TV
WKAQ-TV
in San Juan, Puerto Rico carries the WNBC
WNBC
feed on a digital subchannel. In these areas, NBC
NBC
programs are available in English and in Spanish via second audio program. Bahamas[edit] In the Bahamas, NBC
NBC
programming is available via U.S.-based affiliate stations on domestic cable providers. Netherlands Antilles[edit] In Aruba, NBC
NBC
maintains an affiliation with Oranjestad station PJA-TV (which brands on-air as "ATV"). Bermuda[edit] Until it ended operations in 2014, NBC's entire program lineup was carried by VSB-TV, using the Eastern Time Zone
Eastern Time Zone
feed, though an hour ahead due to its location in the Atlantic Time Zone. Bermuda
Bermuda
currently receives NBC
NBC
service from WTVJ/ Miami
Miami
via cable. Pacific[edit] Guam[edit] In Guam, the entire NBC
NBC
programming lineup is carried by Hagåtña affiliate KUAM-TV
KUAM-TV
(which has been an NBC
NBC
affiliate since 1956) via the network's East Coast satellite feed. Entertainment and news programming is broadcast day and date on a one-day tape delay as Guam is on the west side of the International Date Line
International Date Line
(for example, the network's Thursday prime time lineup airs Friday evenings on KUAM, and is advertised by the station as airing on the latter night in on-air promotions). Live programming, including breaking news and sporting events, airs as scheduled; because of the time difference with the six U.S. time zones, live sports coverage often airs on the station early in the morning. KUAM's programming is relayed to the Northern Mariana Islands via satellite station WSZE
WSZE
in Saipan. American Samoa[edit] In American Samoa, NBC
NBC
was affiliated with KKHJ-LP
KKHJ-LP
in Pago Pago[115] from 2005 to 2012. Cable television
Cable television
providers on the islands carry the network's programming via Seattle affiliate KING-TV. Federated States of Micronesia[edit] In the Federated States of Micronesia, NBC
NBC
programming is available on domestic cable providers via Honolulu
Honolulu
affiliate KHNL. Asia[edit] NBC
NBC
Asia and CNBC
CNBC
Asia[edit] NBC
NBC
Asia launched in 1994, distributed to Nepal, Japan, Malaysia, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Pakistan and the Philippines. Like NBC Europe, NBC
NBC
Asia featured most of NBC's news programs as well as The Tonight Show, Late Night and Saturday Night Live. Like its European counterpart, it was not allowed to broadcast American-produced primetime shows due to existing broadcast agreements with other domestic broadcasters. NBC
NBC
Asia produced a regional evening news program that aired each weeknight, and occasionally simulcast some programs from CNBC
CNBC
Asia and MSNBC. NBC
NBC
also operated NBC
NBC
Super Sports, a 24-hour channel devoted to televising sporting events. In July 1998, NBC
NBC
Asia was replaced by a regional version of the National Geographic Channel. As is the case with NBC
NBC
Europe, CNBC
CNBC
Asia broadcasts select episodes of The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
and Late Night as well as Meet the Press
Meet the Press
are as part of its weekend schedule, and airs NFL games under the Sunday Night Football brand. Regional partners[edit] Through regional partners, NBC-produced programs are seen in some countries in the continent. In the Philippines, Jack TV
Jack TV
(owned by Solar Entertainment) airs Will & Grace and Saturday Night Live, while TalkTV airs The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
and NBC News
NBC News
programs including the weekday and weekend editions of Today, Early Today, Dateline NBC
Dateline NBC
and NBC
NBC
Nightly News. Solar TV formerly broadcast The Jay Leno
Jay Leno
Show from 2009 to 2010. In Hong Kong, English language
English language
free-to-air channel TVB Pearl (operated by TVB) airs live broadcasts of NBC
NBC
Nightly News, as well as other select NBC
NBC
programs. Australia[edit] In Australia, the Seven Network
Seven Network
has maintained close ties with NBC
NBC
and has used a majority of the U.S. network's image campaigns and slogans since the 1970s (conversely, in 2009, NBC
NBC
and Seven both used the Guy Sebastian single "Like it Like That" in image promos for their respective summer schedules). The network's Seven News
Seven News
division has used John Williams-composed "The Mission" (the proprietary theme music for NBC
NBC
News' flagship programs since 1985) as the theme music for its local and national news programs since the mid-1980s. Local newscasts were also titled Seven Nightly News from the mid-1980s until c. 2000. NBC News
NBC News
and Seven News
Seven News
often share news resources, with the former division using Seven's reporters for breaking news coverage and select taped story packages relating to Australian stories and the latter sometimes incorporating NBC News
NBC News
reports into its national bulletins. Seven also rebroadcasts some of NBC's news and current affairs programming during the early morning hours (usually from 3:00 to 5:00 a.m. local time), including the weekday and weekend editions of Today (which it brands as NBC
NBC
Today to differentiate it from the unrelated morning program on the Nine Network), Dateline NBC
Dateline NBC
and Meet the Press. Criticism and controversies[edit] See also: Today (U.S. TV program)
Today (U.S. TV program)
§ Controversies and transitions, and MSNBC
MSNBC
controversies Selective editing of George Zimmerman
George Zimmerman
911 call[edit] In February 2012, Today aired a story package that included an edited version of a 9-1-1
9-1-1
call made by George Zimmerman
George Zimmerman
minutes prior to his confrontation with Trayvon Martin
Trayvon Martin
that resulted in the unarmed Florida teenager being shot and killed, which (as described in a Washington Post article criticizing the editing of the tape) had the effect of "readily paint[ing] Zimmerman as a racial profiler". In the edited recording, Zimmerman (who claimed he shot Martin in self defense; a grand jury later acquitted him on murder charges while on trial in August 2013) is heard saying, "This guy looks like he's up to no good. He looks black." A portion of the tape in which Zimmerman was describing Martin to the 911 operator was removed in its broadcast version; in the unedited version, Zimmerman said, "This guy looks like he's up to no good. Or he's on drugs or something. It's raining and he's just walking around, looking about." The operator then asked, "OK, and this guy – is he black, white or Hispanic?", to which Zimmerman answered, "He looks black."[116] Following an internal investigation into the production of the segment,[117] NBC News
NBC News
fired two employees involved with the piece, including a producer based at the division's Miami
Miami
bureau,[118] and NBC News
NBC News
executive Lilia Luciano.[119] In a statement, NBC
NBC
News' president at the time Steve Capus apologized, calling the editing "a mistake and not a deliberate act to misrepresent the phone call."[120] On December 6, 2012, George Zimmerman
George Zimmerman
filed a defamation lawsuit against NBC, alleging that the phone call was edited intentionally to give the impression that he targeted Martin because he was black and to "create the myth that George Zimmerman
George Zimmerman
was a racist and predatory villain".[121][122][123] Florida Circuit Court Judge Debra Nelson dismissed the suit on June 30, 2014, citing that there were "no genuine issues" determinable by a jury that any "actual malice" was acted upon.[124] Presidents of NBC
NBC
Entertainment[edit]

Executive Term Position

Sylvester Weaver 1953–1955 Weaver was hired by NBC
NBC
in 1949, to help challenge CBS's ratings lead. While at NBC, Weaver established many operating practices that became standard for network television; he introduced the practice of networks producing their own television programs and selling advertising time during the broadcasts. Prior to this, advertising agencies usually developed each show for a particular client. Because commercial slots could now more easily be sold to more than one corporate sponsor for each program, a single advertiser pulling out of a program would not necessarily threaten it. Weaver also created several series for the network, Today (in 1952), Tonight Starring Steve Allen (in 1954, the first program in the Tonight Show franchise), Home (1954) and Wide Wide World
Wide Wide World
(1955). Weaver strongly believed that broadcasting should educate as well as entertain and required NBC
NBC
shows to typically include at least one sophisticated cultural reference or performance per installment – including a segment of a Giuseppe Verdi
Giuseppe Verdi
opera adapted to the comedic style of Sid Caesar and Imogene Coca's groundbreaking Your Show of Shows. Weaver did not ignore NBC
NBC
Radio and gave it a shot in the arm in 1955, at a time when network radio was dying and giving way to television, when he developed NBC
NBC
Monitor, a weekend-long magazine-style block featuring an array of news, music, comedy, drama and sports, with rotating advertisers and some of the most memorable names in broadcast journalism, entertainment and sports that ran until 1975 (20 years after Weaver's departure). Weaver departed shortly afterward, following disputes with NBC
NBC
chairman David Sarnoff, who believed that his ideas were either too expensive or too highbrow for company tastes. His respective successors, Robert Sarnoff and Robert Kintner, standardized the network's programming practices with far less of the ambitiousness that characterized the Weaver years.

Robert E. Kintner 1958–1966 Kintner was appointed President in 1958; his tenure at NBC
NBC
was marked by his aggressive effort to push the network's news division past CBS News in ratings and prestige. The news division was given more money, leading it to gain additional resources to provide coverage, notably of the 1960 Presidential election campaign, and led the Huntley-Brinkley Report
Huntley-Brinkley Report
to prominence among the network news programs.

Julian Goodman 1966–1974 Goodman, who joined NBC
NBC
in 1966, helped establish Chet Huntley
Chet Huntley
and David Brinkley
David Brinkley
as a well-known anchor team. While working at NBC, he negotiated a $1 million deal to retain Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
as host of The Tonight Show.

Herb Schlosser 1974–1978 After Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
announced he wanted to cancel the weekend editions of The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
in order to instead have repeats of it aired on weeknights,[125] Schlosser approached his vice president of late night programming, Dick Ebersol, and asked him to create a show to fill the Saturday night time slot. At the suggestion of Paramount Pictures executive Barry Diller, Schlosser and Ebersol then approached Lorne Michaels. Over the next three weeks, Ebersol and Michaels developed the latter's idea for a variety show featuring high-concept comedy sketches, political satire, and music performances. By 1975 Michaels had assembled a talented cast, including Dan Aykroyd, John Belushi, Chevy Chase, Jane Curtin, Garrett Morris, Laraine Newman, Michael O'Donoghue, Gilda Radner, and George Coe. The show was originally called NBC's Saturday Night, because Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
was in use by a program on the rival network ABC that was hosted by its sportscaster Howard Cosell. NBC
NBC
purchased the rights to the name in 1976 and officially adopted the new title on March 26, 1977. Saturday Night Live remains on the air to this day.

Fred Silverman 1978–1981 Although Silverman developed many successful shows during his tenure at ABC, he left that network to become President and CEO of NBC
NBC
in 1978. His three-year tenure at the network proved to be a difficult period for the network, marked by several high-profile failures such as Hello, Larry, Pink Lady and Jeff, Supertrain
Supertrain
and the Jean Doumanian era of Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
(Silverman hired Doumanian after Al Franken, the planned successor for outgoing creator/executive producer Lorne Michaels, castigated Silverman's failures in a sketch on the program[33]). Despite these failures, high points during Silverman's tenure included the launch of Hill Street Blues
Hill Street Blues
and the miniseries Shōgun. He also brought David Letterman
David Letterman
to the network to host daytime talker The David Letterman
David Letterman
Show, two years before the debut of Letterman's successful late night program in 1982, after Silverman negotiated a holding deal after the former's cancellation to keep Letterman from going to another network. However, Silverman nearly lost late night leader Johnny Carson, who filed a lawsuit against NBC during a contract dispute with the network; the case was settled out of court and Carson remained with NBC
NBC
in exchange for acquiring the rights to his show and permission to reduce his time on-air (leading to the use of guest hosts on The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
such as Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
and his immediate successor, Jay Leno).[126] Silverman also developed successful sitcoms such as Diff'rent Strokes, The Facts of Life and Gimme a Break!, and made the series commitments that led to Cheers
Cheers
and St. Elsewhere. Silverman also pioneered the reality television genre with the 1979 debut of Real People. His contributions to the network's game show output included the Goodson-Todman-produced Card Sharks
Card Sharks
and a revival of Password, both of which enjoyed great success as part of the morning schedule, although he also canceled several other relatively popular series, including The Hollywood Squares
Hollywood Squares
and High Rollers, to make way for The David Letterman
David Letterman
Show (those cancellations also threatened Wheel of Fortune, whose host, Chuck Woolery, left in a payment dispute during Silverman's tenure, although the show survived). Silverman also oversaw, while simultaneously objecting to, the hiring of Pat Sajak
Pat Sajak
as the new host of Wheel (Sajak remains as host to this day in its syndicated incarnation).[127] On Saturday mornings, at a time when there was much similarity in animated content on the major networks, Silverman oversaw the development of an animated series based on The Smurfs
The Smurfs
(which ran from 1981 to 1989, well after Silverman's departure, making it one of his longest-lasting contributions to the network) as well as a revival of The Flintstones. In addition, Silverman revitalized the NBC News
NBC News
division, helping Today and NBC Nightly News
NBC Nightly News
achieve parity with their competition for the first time in years; and created a new FM radio division with competitive stations in New York City, Chicago, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. During his NBC
NBC
tenure, Silverman also brought in an entirely new divisional and corporate management team, which remained in place long after Silverman's departure (among this group was Brandon Tartikoff, who as President of Entertainment, would help get NBC
NBC
back on top by 1985). Silverman also reintroduced the peacock as NBC's corporate logo in 1979.

Brandon Tartikoff 1981–1991 Tartikoff was hired as a program executive at ABC in 1976. He joined NBC
NBC
the following year, after being hired by Dick Ebersol
Dick Ebersol
to direct comedy programs for the network. Tartikoff took over as president of NBC's entertainment division in 1981,[128] becoming the youngest person ever to hold the position, at age 32. At the time Tartikoff took over, NBC
NBC
was mired in last place behind ABC and CBS, and faced a looming writers' strike and affiliates defecting to other networks (mostly to ABC); Little House on the Prairie, Diff'rent Strokes
Diff'rent Strokes
and Real People
Real People
were the only prime time shows the network had in the Nielsen Top 20. Also of issue, Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
was reportedly in talks to move his landmark late-night talk show to ABC; while the original cast and writing staff of Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
had left the show, and their replacements had earned SNL some of its worst reviews. By 1982, Tartikoff and network president Grant Tinker
Grant Tinker
gradually turned the network's fortunes around.[129] Tartikoff's successes as President of Entertainment included The Cosby Show
The Cosby Show
(Tartikoff had pursued actor-comedian Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
to create a comedy pilot after having been impressed by the comedian's stories when Cosby was a guest host on The Tonight Show), the iconic 1980s drama Miami Vice
Miami Vice
(Tartikoff wrote a brainstorming memo that simply read " MTV
MTV
cops", and later presented it to former Hill Street Blues
Hill Street Blues
writer/producer Anthony Yerkovich, who turned into the concept behind Miami
Miami
Vice).[130][131][132][133] and Knight Rider (which was inspired by a perceived lack of leading men who could act, with Tartikoff suggesting that a talking car could fill in the gaps in any leading man's acting abilities).[129] While Family Ties was undergoing its casting process, Tartikoff was unexcited about Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox
being considered for the role of Alex P. Keaton,[129] however, creator/executive producer Gary David Goldberg insisted on having Fox in the role until Tartikoff relented, saying, "Go ahead if you insist. But I'm telling you, this is not the kind of face you'll ever see on a lunch box". After Fox's stardom was cemented by Back to the Future, he good-naturedly sent Tartikoff a lunch box with Fox's picture that contained a note reading: "To Brandon: This is for you to put your crow in. Love and Kisses, Michael J. Fox", which Tartikoff kept in his office for the rest of his career. Johnny Carson
Johnny Carson
broke the news of his retirement in February 1991 to Tartikoff during a lunch meeting at the Grille in Beverly Hills. Tartikoff and chairman Bob Wright were the only ones who knew of the planned retirement before it was made public days later.[129] Tartikoff wrote in his memoirs that his biggest professional regret was cancelling the series Buffalo Bill, which he later went on to include in a fantasy "dream schedule" created for a TV Guide
TV Guide
article that detailed his idea of "The Greatest Network Ever."

Warren Littlefield 1991–1998 Littlefield helped develop Cheers, The Cosby Show
The Cosby Show
and The Golden Girls as senior, and later, executive vice president of NBC
NBC
Entertainment under Brandon Tartikoff, of whom Littlefield was his protégé. During his tenure as president of NBC, Littlefield oversaw the creation of many hit shows during the 1990s such as Seinfeld, The Fresh Prince of Bel-Air, Wings, Blossom, Law & Order, Mad About You, Sisters, Frasier, Friends, ER, Homicide: Life on the Street, Caroline in the City, NewsRadio, 3rd Rock from the Sun, Suddenly Susan, Just Shoot Me!, Will & Grace and The West Wing.

Scott Sassa 1998–1999 Sassa joined NBC
NBC
in September 1997 as president of the NBC
NBC
Television Stations division, where he was responsible for overseeing the operation of NBC's then 13 owned-and-operated stations.[134] In October 1998, Sassa became president of NBC
NBC
Entertainment, lasting in that position for eight months until he was reassigned to NBC's West Coast division in May 1999, where as its president, he oversaw NBC's entertainment-related businesses.[41] Sassa made the transition to that position after working alongside his predecessor, Don Ohlmeyer. During this time, he oversaw the development and production of NBC's new primetime series including such shows as The West Wing, Law & Order: Special
Special
Victims Unit and Fear Factor. Under Sassa, NBC
NBC
rated as the #1 network for three out of four seasons.

Garth Ancier 1999–2000 Ancier, who also worked as television producer (most notably, serving as executive producer of tabloid talk show Ricki Lake) prior to joining the network, was named President of NBC
NBC
Entertainment in 1999.

Jeff Zucker 2000–2004 Zucker was named President of NBC
NBC
Entertainment in 2000, succeeding Garth Ancier.[135] In a 2004 profile on Zucker, Businessweek
Businessweek
stated that in his four years as entertainment president, he was responsible for having "kept the network ahead of the pack by airing the gross out show Fear Factor, negotiating for the cast of the hit series Friends to take the series up to a tenth season, and signing Donald Trump
Donald Trump
for the reality show The Apprentice" and having helped increase NBC's operating revenue from $532 million in 1999 to $870 million by 2003. Other critical and/or commercial successes greenlit under Zucker included Las Vegas, Law & Order: Criminal Intent and Scrubs. He originated the concept of airing "Supersized" episodes (running longer than the standard 30-minute slot) of NBC
NBC
sitcoms during sweeps and making aggressive programming efforts during the summer to compete with cable networks that began to draw viewers to their original programming content while the networks ran mostly reruns. Zucker also oversaw the successful transition of Bravo (which NBC
NBC
acquired from Rainbow Media
Rainbow Media
in 2002) from a film and arts-focused network to a network primarily reliant on reality series, and the repositioning of Telemundo
Telemundo
to become more competitive with leading Spanish-language network Univision. In May 2004, following NBC's merger with Vivendi Universal, Zucker was promoted to president of the NBC
NBC
Universal Television Group. Zucker's responsibilities, which already included NBC's cable channels, were expanded to include oversight of television production as well as USA Network, Sci-Fi Channel and Trio. Following his promotion, NBC
NBC
slid from first place to fourth in the ratings. Shows that Zucker championed such as animated series Father of the Pride and the Friends
Friends
spinoff Joey floundered.[136]

Kevin Reilly 2004–2007 Reilly was appointed President of Entertainment in May 2004. Having begun his career at NBC
NBC
Entertainment almost two decades earlier, he returned to the network in the fall of 2003 as President of Primetime Development. Early in his NBC
NBC
career, Reilly supervised Law & Order in its first season and helped develop ER. After his first stint at NBC, Reilly became President of Brad Grey Television, the television production arm of Brillstein-Grey Entertainment, in 1994. He was responsible for the development of the pilot for The Sopranos, and NBC
NBC
sitcoms Just Shoot Me!
Just Shoot Me!
and NewsRadio. Reilly's vocal support of The Office helped it survive its first season, despite it suffering from low ratings.[137] Shows developed under Reilly included My Name Is Earl, Heroes, 30 Rock
30 Rock
and Friday Night Lights.[138] Although he signed a new three-year contract with NBC
NBC
in February 2007, Reilly was terminated as President in late May 2007.[139] Approximately one month later, he joined Fox as its President of Entertainment.

Ben Silverman 2007–2009 Silverman and Marc Graboff were appointed co-chairmen of NBC Entertainment in 2007, succeeding Kevin Reilly. That year, Silverman became the first producer since Norman Lear
Norman Lear
(in 1973) to have two Emmy-nominated shows in the "Outstanding Comedy/Variety Series" category (The Office and ABC's Ugly Betty).[140] He is credited for his role in saving the critically acclaimed but low-rated NBC
NBC
drama Friday Night Lights by striking an innovative deal,[141] in which DirecTV
DirecTV
agreed to take on a substantial amount of the show's production budget in exchange for exclusive first window rights to broadcast the program on The 101 while NBC
NBC
would re-air the episodes later in the season.[142]

Jeff Gaspin 2009–2010 Gaspin first joined NBC
NBC
in the early 1980s, as part of its associates program, after failing to find any jobs in finance on Wall Street. After spending five years in the finance department, he was promoted to a programming position at NBC News
NBC News
at the urging of the news division's then-president Michael Gartner, before being moved to the entertainment division. During his first tenure, Gaspin helped to develop and launch Dateline NBC
Dateline NBC
and oversaw the expansion of Today to weekends. In 1996, Gaspin left NBC
NBC
to become program development chief at VH1. Gaspin returned to NBC
NBC
in 2001 as Executive Vice President of Program Strategy at NBC
NBC
Entertainment, where he helped to develop new programs such as The Apprentice and The Biggest Loser. In 2002, Gaspin was appointed as President of Bravo, following NBC's purchase of the cable channel, where his most notable accomplishments were the massive hits Queer Eye for the Straight Guy
Queer Eye for the Straight Guy
and Project Runway. He was reassigned to President of NBC
NBC
Universal Cable and Digital Content in 2007.[143] In July 2009, Gaspin was promoted to Chairman of NBC Universal Television
Universal Television
Entertainment, becoming responsible for NBC Entertainment, USA Network, Bravo and NBC
NBC
Universal Domestic Television Distribution.

Robert Greenblatt 2011–present Greenblatt succeeded Jeff Gaspin in January 2011 after Comcast
Comcast
took control of NBCUniversal.[144]

See also[edit]

Lists of NBC
NBC
television affiliates List of NBC
NBC
personalities NBC
NBC
pages Olympics on NBC CBS PBS

References[edit]

^ Lieberman, David (March 19, 2013). " Comcast
Comcast
Completes Acquisition Of GE's 49% Stake In NBCUniversal". Deadline Hollywood.  ^ "Company Overview". NBC
NBC
Universal. Archived from the original on July 6, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2008.  ^ Sniffen, Allan. "Why Did WABC Have Such a Great Signal?". Retrieved March 25, 2008.  ^ a b c Cox, Jim (2009). American Radio Networks: A History. pp. 14–98. ISBN 978-0-7864-4192-1.  ^ "Announcing the National Broadcasting Company, Inc". Pittsburgh Gazette Times. September 13, 1926. p. 4. Retrieved April 4, 2018.  ^ a b c Gray, Christopher (February 17, 2010). "Streetscapes: Where the Peacock Nested and the Mice Presided". The New York Times. Retrieved May 20, 2010.  ^ RCA
RCA
Lead Tenant of Rockefeller Center, see: John Esnor Harr; Peter J. Johnson (1988). The Rockefeller Century. New York City: Scribner's. p. 326. ISBN 0-684-18936-4.  ^ WSB was the originating station for a 1930 broadcast of Charles Davis Tillman, which spread the appeal of Southern gospel to NBC listeners network-wide. ^ " NBC
NBC
Chimes Museum". NBCchimes.info. Retrieved October 14, 2010.  ^ Harris, Bill. "Three Famous Notes of Broadcasting History – The NBC
NBC
Chimes". Radio Remembered. Retrieved October 14, 2010.  ^ Thomas P. Swift (January 9, 1942). "Red and Blue Networks of NBC
NBC
To Be Split; WJZ May Be Sold". The New York Times.  ^ Pierce, David (September 17, 2011). "The End of NBC
NBC
Red and Blue". Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ "Approves Buying of Blue Network". The New York Times. October 13, 1943.  ^ William A. Richter. "Radio: A Complete Guide to the Industry". German National Library: 27. ISBN 0-8204-8834-8. ISSN 1550-1043.  ^ Rayno, Don (2013). Paul Whiteman: Pioneer in American Music, 1930-1967. Scarecrow Press. p. 258. ISBN 978-0-8108-8204-1. Retrieved January 21, 2017.  ^ "Explore Toscanini: The Man Behind the Legend: List View". UNT Digital Library.  ^ " NBC
NBC
News, iHeart Partner on 24/7 News Network".  ^ "1939 RCA
RCA
TV sets". TVHistory.tv.  ^ "W3XE Broadcasting the 1940 GOP Convention (KYW-TV)". Broadcast Pioneers of Philadelphia. Retrieved March 25, 2008.  ^ "The Magic Window" by James Von Schilling Haworth Press 2002 page 28 ^ "June 30 WNBT program schedule". TVHistory.tv.  ^ Hoffarth, Tom (August 26, 2009). "Farther Off The Wall". InsideSoCal.com.  ^ Brooks, Tim; Earle F. Marsh. The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows. New York City: Ballantine Books.  ^ "1942–1945 TV Program Guides". Television History – The First 75 Years. Retrieved March 18, 2008.  Includes a WNBT card mailed to set owners announcing the impending coverage of V-E Day. ^ http://eyesofageneration.com/may-8-1945-victory-in-europe-day-times-square-except-for-germany-and-japan/ ^ a b c "MGM Plan Eight for Next Year". Billboard. December 16, 1957. p. 6. Retrieved January 5, 2016.  ^ McKenna, Michael (August 22, 2013). The ABC Movie of the Week: Big Movies for the Small Screen. Scarecrow Press. p. XVIII. Retrieved December 31, 2013.  ^ "Struggling to Leave the Cellar". Time. May 14, 1979. Retrieved March 25, 2008.  ^ "Memories of Videodisc – Who's Who in RCA
RCA
VideoDisc: Herb Schlosser". CED Magic. Retrieved March 25, 2008.  ^ "In brief." Broadcasting, March 21, 1977, pg. 30[dead link] ^ "In brief." Broadcasting, March 28, 1977, pg. 34[dead link] ^ "NBC's Retreat From Moscow". Time. May 19, 1980. Retrieved March 25, 2008.  ^ a b Tom Shales; James Andrew Miller (2003). Live From New York: An Uncensored History Of Saturday Night Live. Back Bay Books. pp. 191–193. ISBN 0-316-73565-5.  ^ Richard Corliss
Richard Corliss
(September 16, 1985). "Coming Up From Nowhere". Time. Retrieved March 25, 2008.  ^ The nine series that premiered in the 1983–84 season were Bay City Blues, Boone, For Love and Honor, Jennifer Slept Here, Manimal, The Rousters, Mr. Smith, We Got it Made and The Yellow Rose. ^ a b Sherwood, Rick (September 14, 1987). "New Fall Tv Season : Syndication In Prime Of Its Life". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved October 17, 2012.  ^ a b c Rosenberg, Howard (September 14, 1987). "Syndicated-tv Reviews: Prime-time Lead-ins On Nbc: Joke's On Viewers". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 17, 2012.  ^ a b Belkin, Lisa (August 11, 1987). "REDEFINING PRIME TIME: IT'S ALL IN WHO YOU ASK". The New York Times. Retrieved October 17, 2012.  ^ Kent, Milton (September 4, 1998). " CBS
CBS
mood positively 'electric' after reconnecting with NFL Intercepting AFC games caps network's comeback from rights turnover in '94". Baltimore
Baltimore
Sun. Retrieved June 22, 2012.  ^ "It's Production for Littlefield". New York Daily News. October 27, 1998. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ a b Carter, Bill (May 22, 2002). " NBC
NBC
to Make West Coast Executive an Adviser". The New York Times. Retrieved September 5, 2012.  ^ "NBC: Adios, Ancier. Hello, Zucker". E! Online. December 14, 2000. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ James, Meg (July 26, 2007). " NBC
NBC
tacks on Telemundo
Telemundo
oversight to Gaspin's tasks". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved May 14, 2010.  ^ " NBC
NBC
pays $2.7bn for Telemundo". Marketing Magazine. October 12, 2001. Retrieved July 16, 2012.  ^ Andreeva, Nellie (August 20, 2012). "Fox's Kevin Reilly Upped To Chairman of Entertainment". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ Schechner, Sam (October 25, 2010). "No Longer 'Must-See TV'". The Wall Street
Wall Street
Journal. News Corporation. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ " NBC
NBC
to Offer On-Demand Mobile TV Service". NewsMax Media. March 14, 2007. Retrieved March 25, 2008.  ^ Nikki Finke (May 27, 2007). " NBC
NBC
SHAKE-UP UPDATE: Kevin Reilly Officially Out. Ben Silverman
Ben Silverman
Offered Bigger Job. Marc Graboff Upped". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ Goetzl, David (March 18, 2009). "Zucker Weighs In On Leno, NBC's Future". Media Daily News. Archived from the original on April 25, 2009. Retrieved April 19, 2009.  ^ a b David B. Wilkerson; Steven Goldstein (December 3, 2009). " Comcast
Comcast
scores controlling stake in NBC
NBC
Universal". MarketWatch. Retrieved March 12, 2015.  ^ Ariens, Chris (February 14, 2010). "NBC's Capus Tells Staff No More Luger Death Video". WebMediaBrands Inc. Archived from the original on February 18, 2010. Retrieved February 16, 2010.  ^ Bauder, David (February 13, 2010). "Networks' Use of Luge
Luge
Video Disturbs Some". ABC News. Retrieved February 16, 2010.  ^ "NBC's Olympic challenge". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Tribune Publishing. February 16, 2010. Retrieved February 16, 2010.  ^ Gorman, Bill (May 28, 2010). "It's Over! Final Broadcast Primetime Network Ratings For 2009-10 Season". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on June 1, 2010.  ^ Schneider, Michael (May 4, 2009). " NBC
NBC
unveils primetime plans". Variety.  ^ a b Stelter, Brian (August 4, 2009). " NBC
NBC
Builds Anticipation for 10 pm". The New York Times.  ^ Storm, Jonathan (August 7, 2009). " NBC
NBC
outlines its plans for 5-night ' Jay Leno
Jay Leno
Show'". The Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Inquirer.  ^ Poniewozik, James (September 3, 2009). "Jay Leno: New Show a Gamble for NBC". Time.  ^ Levin, Gary (January 10, 2010). " NBC
NBC
to give Leno 30-minute show at old time slot". USA Today. Retrieved January 10, 2010.  ^ Gorman, Bill (January 5, 2011). "Thanks To The Football Gods, NBC
NBC
Is Ahead Of Last Season's Ratings". TV by the Numbers.  ^ Andreeva, Nellie (January 20, 2012). "Ouch! NBC
NBC
Finishes 8th At 10 PM Thursday". Deadline Hollywood.  ^ Carter, Bill (September 24, 2010). "Stepping Down, NBC
NBC
Chief Relishes His Long Tenure". The New York Times. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ Carter, Bill (September 24, 2010). "Zucker Announces Departure From NBC". The New York Times. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ " NBC
NBC
Universal CEO Jeff Zucker
Jeff Zucker
to leave when Comcast
Comcast
takes over". New York Daily News. Associated Press. September 24, 2010. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ James, Meg (August 3, 2009). " Jeff Gaspin cast in the spotlight at NBC
NBC
Universal". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ Carter, Bill. "In Turnabout, NBC
NBC
Prime Time Lands in the Cellar". The New York Times. Retrieved February 26, 2013.  ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (January 15, 2013). "2012-2013 Season: NBC
NBC
Leads Among Adults 18-49, While CBS
CBS
is Number 1 with Total Viewers Through Week 16 Ending January 13, 2013". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ Patten, Dominic (May 23, 2013). "2012-2013 Season Network Rankings: CBS
CBS
Sweeps In Final Numbers; ABC, CBS
CBS
& Fox Tie In May Sweep". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ Heistand, Michael (March 12, 2013). " NBC
NBC
to air MLS marathon in new digs". USA Today. Retrieved March 13, 2013.  ^ " NBC
NBC
Tops Week 3 of 2013-14 Primetime Season for 18-49". The Futon Critic. May 20, 2014. Retrieved May 21, 2014.  ^ "2014-2015 Season: NBC
NBC
Leads Among Adults 18-49 & CBS
CBS
Tops Total Viewers Through Week 35 Ending May 24, 2015". TV by the Numbers. Zap2It
Zap2It
(Tribune Media). May 27, 2015. Retrieved May 28, 2015.  ^ Porter, Rick (November 9, 2015). "'Blindspot' gets a very early second-season pickup at NBC". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved November 9, 2015.  ^ Andreeva, Nellie (February 1, 2016). "'Law & Order: SVU' & ' Chicago
Chicago
Med' Renewed As Dick Wolf Inks New Mega Deal With NBCUniversal". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved February 1, 2016.  ^ Porter, Rick (January 13, 2016). "'Heroes Reborn' Canceled as NBC plays the 'limited series' card". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved January 13, 2016.  ^ O'Connell, Michael (February 5, 2016). "Jennifer Lopez's 'Shades of Blue' Renewed at NBC". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 5, 2016.  ^ Porter, Rick (February 23, 2016). "'Superstore' renewed for Season 2 at NBC". TV by the Numbers. Retrieved February 23, 2016.  ^ Roots, Kimberly (January 18, 2017). "This Is Us Renewed for Season 2 and 3". TVLine. Retrieved January 18, 2017.  ^ Andreeva, Nellie (January 30, 2017). "'The Good Place' Renewed For Season 2 By NBC". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 30, 2017.  ^ Bauder, David (October 30, 2008). "Study: NBC News
NBC News
Doesn't Follow MSNBC's Partisan Drift". The Huffington Post. Archived from the original on February 12, 2016. Retrieved July 30, 2010.  ^ " MSNBC
MSNBC
to 'lean forward' in a two year brand campaign". NBC. Retrieved October 13, 2010.  ^ "The 1986 Saturday Morning Lineup on NBC". The Retroist. March 20, 2009. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ a b Bernstein, Paula (December 4, 2001). "Discovery set to kid around with Peacock". Variety. Retrieved August 13, 2009.  ^ Crupi, Anthony (March 16, 2006). "Discovery, NBC
NBC
to End Sat. Kids Block". Mediaweek. Archived from the original on February 7, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2008.  ^ " NBC
NBC
Will Launch NBC
NBC
Kids, a New Saturday Morning Preschool Block Programmed by Sprout®, Saturday, July 7". MarketWatch
MarketWatch
(Press release). March 28, 2012. Archived from the original on June 28, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2012.  ^ Weisman, Jon (March 28, 2012). " NBC
NBC
to launch Saturday kids block". Variety. Retrieved March 29, 2012.  ^ Rubino, Lindsay (March 28, 2012). "NBC, With Assist From Sprout, to Launch Saturday Morning Preschool Block". Multichannel News. Archived from the original on May 8, 2012. Retrieved March 29, 2012.  ^ Andreeva, Nellie (March 28, 2012). " NBC
NBC
Launches Preschool Saturday Block Programmed By Sprout". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 29, 2012.  ^ Paulson, Michael. " John Legend
John Legend
and the ' Jesus Christ
Jesus Christ
Superstar' Cast on Faith and Musicals". NY Times. Retrieved 30 March 2018.  ^ "Trump moves pageants from CBS
CBS
to NBC". St. Petersburg Times. June 22, 2002. p. 2B.  ^ "NBC: Done With Donald Trump, Miss USA, Miss Universe
Miss Universe
– Update". Deadline. Penske Media Corporation. June 29, 2015. Retrieved July 1, 2015.  ^ Rosen, Christopher (July 2, 2015). " Miss USA
Miss USA
headed to Reelz after being dumped by NBC". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc.  ^ a b "Stations for Network – NBC". RabbitEars. Retrieved November 3, 2017.  ^ "Network Profile: NBC". Station Index.  ^ Friedman, Wayne (November 8, 2005). "Prime Time On Demand: NBC, CBS To Offer Big Shows For A Fee". MediaDailyNews. MediaPost Communications. Retrieved July 18, 2015.  ^ Stone, Brad (March 11, 2008). "Testing Over, Hulu.com to Open Its TV and Film Offerings This Week". The New York Times. Retrieved July 18, 2015.  ^ "NBC, Fox launching video site Hulu.com". USA Today. October 29, 2007. Retrieved July 18, 2015.  ^ Reisinger, Don (September 24, 2010). " NBC
NBC
brings slew of shows to Netflix
Netflix
streaming". CNET. Retrieved July 18, 2015.  ^ Sean O'Neal (July 13, 2011). " Netflix
Netflix
won't be streaming any more new episodes of NBC
NBC
shows". The A.V. Club. Retrieved July 18, 2015.  ^ Ryan, Amy (February 20, 2008). "Are these streaming reruns really vintage, classic shows?". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved July 18, 2015.  ^ Siegel, Fern (February 21, 2008). " NBC
NBC
Sites Stream Classic TV Shows". MediaPost. MediaPost Communications. Retrieved July 18, 2015.  ^ "Watch Classic TV Shows Online". NBC.com. NBCUniversal. Retrieved July 18, 2015.  ^ Vincent, James (February 18, 2015). " NBC
NBC
is bringing live streaming to (some) iOS and Android users". Gigaom. Vox Media. Retrieved July 18, 2015.  ^ Vincent, James (December 16, 2014). " NBC
NBC
to Live Stream Network Shows". The Wall Street
Wall Street
Journal. News Corp.
News Corp.
Retrieved July 18, 2015.  ^ Lieberman, David (February 18, 2015). "NBC-Owned Stations Introduce Live TV Everywhere
TV Everywhere
Streaming". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved July 18, 2015.  ^ Malone, Michael (February 18, 2015). " NBC
NBC
Owned Stations Add Live Streams to TV Everywhere
TV Everywhere
App". Broadcasting & Cable. NewBay Media. Retrieved July 18, 2015.  ^ Dickson, Glen (February 10, 1997). "'Meet the Press' goes hi-def: WHD-TV
WHD-TV
Washington airs country's first HDTV network program". Broadcasting & Cable. Reed Business Information. Retrieved July 18, 2015.  ^ Ariens, Chris (April 12, 2010). "'Meet the Press' to Get New Set; Go HD". TVNewser. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved July 17, 2015.  ^ W. A. Kelly Huff (2001). Regulating the Future: Broadcasting Technology and Governmental Control. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISSN 0732-4456.  ^ Sandoval, Greg (February 1, 2000). "NBCi agrees to acquire AllBusiness.com". CNET. Retrieved April 28, 2016.  ^ Hu, Jim (January 2, 2002). " NBC
NBC
to take NBCi back in-house". CNET. Retrieved April 28, 2016.  ^ "Archives of NBCi.com". Wayback Machine. Internet
Internet
Archive. Archived from the original on December 5, 2006. Retrieved January 29, 2017.  ^ " NBC
NBC
Now airing 1 hr episodes of Tonight". Late Show UK. April 24, 2010. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ Lippman, John (October 2, 1993). " NBC
NBC
Buys Into Pan-European Super Channel". Los Angeles
Los Angeles
Times. Times Mirror Company. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ Latinos and American Popular Culture. ABC-CLIO. 2013. p. 54.  ^ "US TV and Radio Overseas". Astra2. Archived from the original on January 22, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2014.  ^ " NBC
NBC
to do 'internal investigation' on Zimmerman segment". The Washington Post. The Washington Post
The Washington Post
Company. March 31, 2012.  ^ Wemple, Erik (March 31, 2012). " NBC
NBC
to do 'internal investigation' on Zimmerman segment". The Washington Post.  ^ Stelter, Brian (April 6, 2012). " NBC
NBC
Fires Producer of Misleading Zimmerman Tape". The New York Times. Retrieved February 8, 2015.  ^ Mirkinson, Jack (May 3, 2012). "Lilia Luciano Fired By NBC News
NBC News
Over Botched George Zimmerman
George Zimmerman
Edit". The Huffington Post. Retrieved January 10, 2015.  ^ Francescani, Chris (April 8, 2012). " NBC News
NBC News
Zimmerman Error Was A 'Mistake,' Steve Capus Says". Reuters. Retrieved January 10, 2015.  Carr, David (April 22, 2012). "TV Corrects Itself, Just Not on the Air". The New York Times. Retrieved January 10, 2015.  ^ Schneider, Mike (December 6, 2012). " George Zimmerman
George Zimmerman
sues NBC
NBC
and reporters". Associated Press. Retrieved December 7, 2012.  ^ Martinez, Michael. " George Zimmerman
George Zimmerman
sues NBC
NBC
Universal over edited 911 call". CNN. Retrieved December 7, 2012.  ^ Tienabeso, Seni; Candace Smith (December 6, 2012). "George Zimmerman Sues NBC
NBC
for Portraying Him as a 'Racist and Predatory Villain'". ABC News. Retrieved January 10, 2015.  ^ Stutzman, Rene (June 30, 2014). "Judge throws out George Zimmerman's libel suit against NBC". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved February 8, 2015.  ^ SNL's Beginnings from NBC ^ "Rent-a-Judge". Time. April 20, 1981. Retrieved August 7, 2007.  ^ Merv Griffin
Merv Griffin
(2003). Merv: Making the Good Life Last. New York City: Pocket Books. p. 101.  ^ Joseph Barbera
Joseph Barbera
(1994). My Life in "Toons": From Flatbush to Bedrock in Under a Century. Atlanta, Georgia: Turner Publishing. pp. 188–189. ISBN 1-57036-042-1.  ^ a b c d Brandon Tartikoff
Brandon Tartikoff
(1992). The Last Great Ride. New York City: Hyperion Books. ISBN 0-394-58709-X.  ^ Trish Janeshutz (1986). The Making of Miami
Miami
Vice. New York City: Ballatine Books. p. 12. ISBN 0-345-33669-0.  ^ Richard Zoglin
Richard Zoglin
(September 16, 1985). "Cool Cops, Hot Show". Time. Retrieved November 2, 2007.  ^ Peter J. Boyer (April 19, 1988). "Guiding No. 1: The Man Who Programs NBC". The New York Times. Retrieved February 8, 2008.  ^ "About the Show". NBCUniversal. Retrieved January 3, 2018.  ^ Sellers, Patricia (February 1, 1999). "Can Scott Sassa Revive NBC? Can Anyone?". CNN
CNN
Money. Retrieved September 5, 2012.  ^ Carter, Bill (December 25, 2000). "Network Heat Gets Even Hotter; At NBC, an Executive Moves From News to Entertainment". The New York Times. Retrieved May 6, 2010.  ^ "Now Jeff Zucker
Jeff Zucker
Must Prove Himself Yet Again". Businessweek. February 19, 2007. Archived from the original on April 18, 2011. Retrieved May 14, 2011.  ^ Consoli, John (May 28, 2007). "Analysis: Is Reilly a Scapegoat for NBC's Failures?". Mediaweek. Archived from the original on October 8, 2007. Retrieved June 1, 2007.  ^ Martin, Ed (May 30, 2007). "Kevin Reilly Revived Must-See TV at NBC". MediaVillage.com. Archived from the original on July 2, 2007. Retrieved June 1, 2007.  ^ "Reilly Expected To Lose Job At NBC". USA Today. May 28, 2007. Retrieved May 31, 2007.  ^ "Silverman the peacock at NBC-Uni's pre-Emmy party". Hollywood Today. September 16, 2007. Archived from the original on October 18, 2013.  ^ "Ben Silverman, 'Friday Night Lights' Savior: Saved Show By 'Yelling At A Lot Of People'". The Huffington Post. March 31, 2009.  ^ "'Friday Night Lights' Gets 26-Episode Order From DirecTV, NBC". TVWeek. March 2009. Archived from the original on October 18, 2013.  ^ " NBC
NBC
Universal Executive Biographies". NBCUniversal. 2008. Archived from the original on December 27, 2010. Retrieved October 22, 2010.  ^ Carter, Bill (November 21, 2010). "Comcast's Plans for Executives Offer Clues to Future of NBC". The New York Times. 

Further reading[edit]

Hilmes, Michele (2007). NBC: America's Network. University of California Press. ISBN 9780520250819.  Robinson, Marc (2002). Brought to You in Living Color: 75 Years of Great Moments in Television and Radio from NBC. Wiley. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to NBC.

Official website Museum of Broadcast Communications – NBC
NBC
History NBC
NBC
Logo Creation History

Links to related articles

v t e

Comcast

Comcast
Comcast
Cable

Xfinity
Xfinity
(Areas with XFINITY)

Xfinity
Xfinity
Streampix

Comcast
Comcast
Entertainment TV Comcast
Comcast
TV Comcast
Comcast
Business Comcast
Comcast
Technology Solutions

HITS thePlatform

Xfinity
Xfinity
3D

Spectacor

Philadelphia
Philadelphia
Flyers Maine Mariners Wells Fargo Center Spectra

ComcastTIX

NBCUniversal

Universal Pictures NBC Universal Parks NBCU Cable Telemundo NBCU TV Group NBC Sports
NBC Sports
Group NBCU News Group Related articles

Other Holdings

Current

Leisure Arts Plaxo Midco
Midco
(part owner) In Demand
In Demand
(part owner)

Former

GuideWorks

v t e

Disney–ABC Television Group

ABC Entertainment Group

ABC Network ABC Entertainment ABC Studios ABC Daytime

Other broadcasting

Disney TV ABC Radio ABC TV Stations

Live Well Network

ABC News

Disney Channels US

Disney Channel Disney Junior Disney XD Radio Disney Production

Disney TV Animation It's a Laugh Productions

Other cable

ABC Family Worldwide

Freeform

A+E NetworksJV

Lifetime Entertainment Services

Predecessor companies

NBC American Broadcasting-Paramount Theatres→American Broadcasting Companies Capital Cities/ABC Inc.

Parent Disney Media Networks Other Disney Media Networks unit ESPN
ESPN
(80%) JV Joint ventures

v t e

NBCUniversal

A subsidiary of Comcast

Corporate officials

Board of Directors

Steve Burke (CEO) Brian L. Roberts Jeffrey R. Immelt Keith Sherin

Executives

Dick Ebersol Robert Greenblatt Bonnie Hammer Ted Harbert Ronald Meyer

Universal Filmed Entertainment Group

Amblin Partners[nu 1] Back Lot Music Carnival Films Chiller Films DreamWorks Animation

DreamWorks Classics

Big Idea Entertainment Bullwinkle StudiosJV Harvey Entertainment

DreamWorks Channel Oriental DreamWorks[nu 2] DreamWorks New Media

AwesomenessTV[nu 3]

Big Frame

Fandango (70%) Focus Features

Gramercy Pictures

Illumination Entertainment

Illumination Mac Guff

NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
Entertainment Japan United International Pictures[nu 4] Universal Animation Studios Universal Playback Universal Pictures Universal Pictures
Universal Pictures
Home Entertainment Working Title Films

Universal Parks & Resorts

United States

Universal Studios
Universal Studios
Hollywood

CityWalk

Universal Orlando
Universal Orlando
Resort

Universal Studios
Universal Studios
Florida Universal's Islands of Adventure CityWalk

International

Universal Studios
Universal Studios
Japan Universal Studios
Universal Studios
Singapore Universal Studios
Universal Studios
Beijing

NBCU Cable Entertainment

Universal Cable Productions Craftsy
Craftsy
(major stake) Networks

Syfy USA Network

Lifestyle Group

Bravo E! Oxygen Universal Kids

NBCU Digital

Hulu[nu 5] Movieclips

NBCU Telemundo Enterprises

NBC
NBC
Universo Telemundo

Puerto Rico Studios Telemundo
Telemundo
TV Studios

Telemundo
Telemundo
Deportesw/ NBC Sports
NBC Sports
Group

NBC Sports
NBC Sports
Group

NBC Sports
NBC Sports
Ventures

Alli

Golf Channel NBC Sports
NBC Sports
Digital

GolfNow

NBC
NBC
Sports NBCSN Olympic Channel part owner

MLB Network NHL Network

NBC
NBC
Sports Regional Networks

Bay Area (45%) Boston California Chicago
Chicago
(20%) Northwest Philadelphia Washington SNY (8%)

NBCUniversal News Group

NBC
NBC
News NBCNews.com The Weather Channel[nu 6] MSNBC Peacock Productions

CNBC
CNBC
global channels

CNBC CNBC
CNBC
Africa (licensee) CNBC
CNBC
Asia CNBC
CNBC
Europe CNBC
CNBC
Latin America CNBC
CNBC
World

CNBC
CNBC
Europe branches

Class CNBC
CNBC
(20%) CNBC
CNBC
Africa (licensee) CNBC
CNBC
Arabiya CNBC-e CNBC
CNBC
Nordic

CNBC
CNBC
Asia branches

CNBC-TV18 CNBC
CNBC
Australia CNBC
CNBC
Awaaz CNBC
CNBC
Hong Kong CNBC
CNBC
Pakistan CNBC
CNBC
Singapore Nikkei CNBC SBS-CNBC

NBCUniversal International Networks

13th Street Universal

Australia Benelux France Germany Spain

Bravo New Zealand Euronews[nu 7] Syfy
Syfy
Universal

Asia Australia Benelux France Germany Italy[nu 8] Latin America Poland Portugal Romania Russia Serbia Slovenia Spain United Kingdom

Diva Universal

Asia Italy Romania

Movies 24 Studio Universal

Latin America

Universal Channel

Asia Australia Germany Greece Japan Poland Turkey United Kingdom

Style Network

Australia

E!

Asia Australia Europe

NBC
NBC
Entertainment

NBC DreamWorks Animation
DreamWorks Animation
Television Stamford Media Center Universal Television

NBC
NBC
Broadcasting

Affiliate Relations NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
Television Distribution

NBCU Owned TV Stations O&Os

NBC
NBC
Owned TV Stations

KNBC KNSD KNTV KXAS-TV WBTS-LD
WBTS-LD
& WYCN-CD WCAU WMAQ-TV WNBC WRC-TV WTVJ WVIT
WVIT
Other properties: Cozi TV

K15CU-D

LXTV New England Cable News

Telemundo Station Group

KBLR KDEN-TV KEJT-LP KHRR KNSD-DT20 KNSO[nu 9] KSTS KTAZ KTDO KTLM KTMD KVDA KVEA KXTX-TV WKAQ-TV WNEU WNJU WRDM-CD/WDMR-LP[nu 10] WRIW-CD WRMD-CD WSCV WSNS-TV WTMO-CD WWSI WWDT-CD WZTD-LD WZDC-CD[nu 10] Other properties: TeleXitos

Independent station

WZGS-CD

Other assets:

EMKA, Ltd. International Media Distribution PictureBox Films

Former/Defunct properties and predecessors:

Castle Films Chapman Entertainment Chiller CIC Video Cloo Comcast
Comcast
Network Esquire Network FilmDistrict G4 Good Machine Gramercy Pictures Harvey Films/Harvey Comics ITC Entertainment Interscope Communications Kitty Films Miss Universe[nu 11] Multimedia Entertainment MCA Inc. NBC
NBC
Weather Plus October Films Pacific Data Images PolyGram Filmed Entertainment Propaganda Films Seagram
Seagram
Company Ltd. Shift Seeso Total Television United Productions of America Universal HD ZGS Communications

^ Co-owned with The Amblin Group, Participant Media, Reliance Entertainment, Entertainment One
Entertainment One
and Alibaba Pictures. ^ Co-owned with China Media Capital, Shanghai Media Group
Shanghai Media Group
and Shanghai Alliance Investment. ^ Co-owned with Hearst Communications
Hearst Communications
and Verizon Communications. ^ 50%, with Viacom's Paramount Pictures. ^ Co-owned with 21st Century Fox, The Walt Disney Company
The Walt Disney Company
and Time Warner. ^ Co-owned with The Blackstone Group
Blackstone Group
and Bain Capital. ^ Co-owned with Media Globe Networks and European public broadcasters. ^ Co-owned with Mediaset. ^ The station is owned by NBCUniversal, but is controlled by Serestar Communications. ^ a b Operated by NBCUniversal
NBCUniversal
under a local marketing agreement. ^ Co-owned with The Trump Organization
The Trump Organization
before September 2015 sale to WME/IMG.

v t e

NBC
NBC
programming (current and upcoming)

Primetime

American Ninja Warrior
American Ninja Warrior
(since 2011) America's Got Talent
America's Got Talent
(since 2006) A.P. Bio
A.P. Bio
(since 2018) Better Late Than Never (since 2016) The Blacklist (since 2013) Blindspot (since 2015) The Brave (since 2017) Champions (since 2018) Chicago
Chicago
Fire (since 2012) Chicago
Chicago
Med (since 2015) Chicago
Chicago
P.D. (since 2014) Dateline NBC
Dateline NBC
(since 1992) Ellen's Game of Games
Ellen's Game of Games
(since 2017) First Dates (since 2017) Genius Junior (since 2018) Good Girls (since 2018) The Good Place
The Good Place
(since 2016) Great News
Great News
(since 2017) Hollywood Game Night
Hollywood Game Night
(since 2013) Law & Order: Special
Special
Victims Unit (since 1999) Law & Order True Crime (since 2017) Little Big Shots
Little Big Shots
(since 2016) Marlon (since 2017) Midnight, Texas
Midnight, Texas
(since 2017) Rise (since 2018) Running Wild with Bear Grylls
Running Wild with Bear Grylls
(since 2014) Shades of Blue (since 2016) Spartan: Ultimate Team Challenge (since 2016) Superstore (since 2015) Taken (since 2017) This Is Us (since 2016) Timeless (since 2016) Trial & Error (since 2017) The Voice (since 2011) The Wall (since 2016) Weekend Update Summer Edition (since 2017) Will & Grace (1998–2006; since 2017) World of Dance (since 2017)

Daytime

Days of Our Lives
Days of Our Lives
(since 1965)

Late night

1st Look (since 2008) Last Call with Carson Daly
Last Call with Carson Daly
(since 2002) Late Night with Seth Meyers
Late Night with Seth Meyers
(since 2014) Open House (since 2008) Open House NYC (since 2012) Saturday Night Live
Saturday Night Live
(since 1975) The Tonight Show
The Tonight Show
Starring Jimmy Fallon (since 2014)

News

Dateline NBC
Dateline NBC
(since 1992) Early Today
Early Today
(since 1999) Meet the Press
Meet the Press
(since 1947) Megyn Kelly Today
Megyn Kelly Today
(since 2017) NBC Nightly News
NBC Nightly News
(since 1970) Sunday Night with Megyn Kelly
Sunday Night with Megyn Kelly
(since 2017) Today (since 1952)

Sports

NBC
NBC
Golf NASCAR on NBC NFL on NBC

Football Night in America NBC
NBC
Sunday Night Football

NHL on NBC Notre Dame Football on NBC Olympics on NBC Premier Boxing Champions Tennis on NBC Thoroughbred Racing on NBC

Saturday morning (The More You Know)

The Voyager with Josh Garcia Wilderness Vet Journey with Dylan Dreyer Naturally, Danny Seo Give The Champion Within with Lauren Thompson

Upcoming

Making It (2018) Reverie (2018) The Awesome Show (TBA) The Titan Games (TBA)

v t e

English-language broadcast television networks in the United States

Major

ABC CBS The CW Fox NBC

Minor

AMG Ion MyNetwork Youtoo America

Public TV

PBS

Kids

American Public Television

Create World

Classic Arts Showcase MHz Worldview NASA TV

Specialty

Information

Cheddar Doctor TV Weather

AccuWeather WeatherNation

Sports

Frost Pursuit Rev'n Stadium

Other

Family Channel Justice Qubo Quest TBD Ethnic

Asia Vision Bounce Soul of the South

Gender

Escape Grit Tuff

Lifestyle

Ion Life LWN

Music

Country Network Heartland

International

CaribVision Deutsche Welle France 24 NHK Korean

Arirang KBS America KEMS MBC SBS

Classic

Antenna Cozi TV Decades fetv getTV Light TV MeTV Retro TV Movies

Movies! This

Genre

Buzzr Charge! Comet H&I Laff

Shopping & paid programming

Evine HSN Jewelry TV OnTV4U QVC Shop LC

Defunct

Major

DuMont NET UPN The WB

Minor

America One AIN Channel America FamilyNetc Hughes Mizlou N1 NATVi NTA Film Omni Overmeyer/United PTN Plum TV PTEN SFM Holiday Star TV Theater TV TVS UATV Variety The Works

Specialty

News

ABC News
ABC News
Now All News Channel DoD News NBC
NBC
Wx+/NBC+ TouchVision

.2 PBJ Research Sportsmanc Sports

American Sports Network Universal

WSTV Shopping

America's Store Gems TV Gun TV Shop at Home

Music

Bohemia Visual Musici The Box MTV2c Tr3sc Retro Jams TheCoolTVi The Tube

c - Now cable-only, i - Now internet-only

v t e

Webby Awards

Nominee, 1998 award in the category TV

Awards ceremonies

1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

List of winners

v t e

NBC Sports
NBC Sports
Group

Current programs

Original

Fight Night 36 Football Night in America Fore Inventors Only Golf Central Indy Car 36 Match of the Day NHL 36 NBC
NBC
SportsTalk NFL Turning Point NHL Live NHL Overtime Pro Football Talk Sports Illustrated Sunday Sports Report

Sports

College Football on NBC College Hockey on NBC Dew Action Sports Tour Fight Night

Premier Boxing Champions

Formula One on NBC IndyCar Series on NBC Lucas Oil AMA Pro Motocross NASCAR on NBC Golf Channel
Golf Channel
on NBC NFL on NBC

Football Night in America NBC
NBC
Sunday Night Football

NHL on NBC Notre Dame Football on NBC Olympics on NBC Premier League Red Bull Global Rallycross USA Sevens USA Rugby League Tennis on NBC Thoroughbred Racing on NBC Tour de France

Other

Men in Blazers The Dan Patrick Show

National channels

Golf Channel NBCSN NBC Sports
NBC Sports
Radio Olympic Channel minority stake

MLB Network NHL Network Universal Sports
Universal Sports
(defunct)

NBC Sports
NBC Sports
Regional Networks

Bay Area (45%) Boston California Chicago
Chicago
(20%) Northwest Philadelphia Washington SNY (8%)

Occasional programming

NBC
NBC
Olympics NBC
NBC
Sports NBC- Telemundo
Telemundo
Deportes

Occasional broadcasters

NBC Bravo CNBC MSNBC USA Network (Spanish-language)

Universo Telemundo

Other properties

Alli Sports NBC Sports
NBC Sports
Digital

GolfNow NBC Sports
NBC Sports
Gold NBC Sports
NBC Sports
Live Extra Rotoworld
Rotoworld
Fantasy Sports profootballtalk.com

Xfinity
Xfinity
Live! Philadelphia

Former programs

AFL on NBC Baseball Night in America Bowling on NBC CFL on NBC College Basketball on NBC Gillette Cavalcade of Sports Hambletonian The 'Lights MLB Game of the Week MLB on NBC Major League Baseball: An Inside Look MLS on NBC NBA on NBC NBA Showtime NBC
NBC
College Football Game of the Week Sportsworld

Parent: NBCUniversal

v t e

CEOs of NBC

CEOs of NBCUniversal

Fred Silverman (1978-1981) Grant Tinker
Grant Tinker
(1981–1986) Bob Wright
Bob Wright
(1986-2007) Jeff Zucker
Jeff Zucker
(2007-2011) Steve Burke (2011-present)

Presidents of NBC

Sylvester Weaver (1953-1955) Robert Sarnoff (1955-1965) Robert E. Kintner (1958-1965) Julian Goodman (1966-1974) Herb Schlosser (1974-1978) Fred Silverman (1978-1981)

NBC
NBC
West Coast Presidents

Perry Lafferty (1979) Don Ohlmeyer (1993-1999) Scott Sassa (1999-2002)

v t e

Presidents of NBC
NBC
Entertainment

Key figures

Sylvester Weaver (1953–1955) Robert E. Kintner (1958–1966) Julian Goodman (1966–1974) Herb Schlosser (1974–1978) Fred Silverman (1978–1981) Brandon Tartikoff
Brandon Tartikoff
(1981–1991) Warren Littlefield
Warren Littlefield
(1991–1998) Scott Sassa (1998–1999) Garth Ancier (1999–2000) Jeff Zucker
Jeff Zucker
(2000–2004) Kevin Reilly (2004–2007) Ben Silverman
Ben Silverman
(2007–2009) Jeff Gaspin (2009–2010) Robert Greenblatt (2011–present)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 134861149 LCCN: n80050398 ISNI: 0000 0001 2289 8403 GND: 1212286-5 SUDOC: 169831523 BNF: cb12804962t (data) BIBSYS: 90947119 NDL: 00427466

.