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Nivrathi Suryanarayanashastry Satya Murthy (5 February 1936 – 8 October 1984) was an Indian physicist and the head of the Nuclear Physics Division of Bhabha Atomic Research Centre. Known for his research in Molecular reaction dynamics, Murthy was an elected fellow of the Indian National Science Academy, National Academy of Sciences, India and Indian Academy of Sciences. The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, the apex agency of the Government of India for scientific research, awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology, one of the highest Indian science awards,[1] for his contributions to Physical Sciences in 1980.[2][note 1]

Biography

Bhabha Atomic Research Centre

N. S. Satya Murthy, who held a PhD from University of Bombay (1967), served as an assistant director at Bhabha Atomic Research Centre and as the head of the Nuclear Physics Division of the institution.[3] His research was focused on magnetic materials and his studies of the materials with the help of thermal neutrons have widened the understanding of the subject.[4] Murthy and his team were credited with the discovery of novel magnetic structures and a polarizer for thermal neutrons. His contributions have been reported in the design of neutron facilities of Dhruva reactor and he led a group of scientists who conceptualized and fabricated several components of the reactor.[3] He also contributed in developing superconducting magnets at BARC and his work assisted in the development of Yafet-Kittel type of ferrimagnetism.[5] His studies have been documented by way of a number of articles[note 2] and the article repository of the Indian Academy of Sciences has listed 23 of them.[6] Besides, he published a monograph, Magnetism, along with L. Madhav Rao[7] and his work has been cited by other scientists.[8][9][10]

Murthy introduced such experimental techniques as Compton profile spectroscopy, Mossbauer spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy at BARC and pioneered basic research on subjects like electron states, of cooperative effects and long wavelength excitations.[3] He contributed to the establishment of Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology and was one of the founders of the Magnetics Society of India where he also served as the vice president. He coordinated academic courses on Magnetism and Integrated Circuits for Indian Physics Association and was the general secretary of the organization for two terms from 1973 to 1977.[11] He was also an editorial board member of Bulletin of Materials Science.[3]

Satya Murthy died on 8 October 1984, at the age of 48.[12]

Awards and honors

The Indian Academy of Sciences elected Murthy as a fellow in 1975.[12] The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research awarded him the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize, one of the highest Indian science awards in 1979.[13] He became an elected fellow of the Indian National Science Academy in 1981.[14] He was also a life member of the Magnetics Society of India.[3] The Indian Physics Association has instituted an annual award, N. S. Satya Murthy Memorial Award for recognizing research excellence in physical sciences among young scientists.[15][16]

Selected bibliography

  • Madhav Rao, L. ; Satya Murthy, N. S. ; Venkataraman, G. ; Iyengar, P. K. (1968). "Neutron scattering from paramagnetic chromium halides". Physics Letters A. 26 (3): 108–109. doi:10.1016/0375-9601(68)90501-X. 
  • Youssef, S. I. ; Natera, M. G. ; Begum, R. J. ; Srinivasan, B. S. ; Satya Murthy, N. S. (1969). "Polarised neutron diffraction study of nickel ferrite". Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids. 30 (8): 1941–1948. doi:10.1016/0022-3697(69)90170-X. 
  • Paranjpe, S. K. ; Tendulkar, S. R. ; Madhav Rao, L. ; Satya Murthy, N. S. (1974). "Non-spherical magnetic moment in MnAlGe". Pramana - Journal of Physics. 3 (6): 355–362. doi:10.1007/BF02846630. 
  • Dharmadurai, G. ; Satya Murthy, N. S. (1980). "Self-heating-induced phenomena in long reentrant ferromagnetic thin film superconductors". Physics Letters A. 75 (80): 395–397. doi:10.1016/0375-9601(80)90852-X. 
  • Satya Murthy, N. S. ; Madhav Rao, L. (1984). "Thermal neutron polarisation". Pramana - Journal of Physics. 22 (3–4): 313–328. doi:10.1007/BF02846383. 

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Long link – please select award year to see details
  2. ^ Please see Selected bibliography section

References

  1. ^ "SHANTI SWARUP BHATNAGAR AWARD FOR GENOMICS AND MOLECULAR WORK IN PULSES". ICRISAT. 27 September 2016. Archived from the original on 28 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "View Bhatnagar Awardees". Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize. 2016. Archived from the original on 16 October 2016. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Deceased fellow". Indian National Science Academy. 2017. Archived from the original on 25 April 2017. 
  4. ^ "Brief Profile of the Awardee". Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize. 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  5. ^ "Handbook of Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize Winners" (PDF). Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. 1999. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 March 2016. 
  6. ^ "Browse by Fellow". Indian Academy of Sciences. 2017. Archived from the original on 25 April 2017. 
  7. ^ N. S. Satya Murthy; L. Madhav Rao (1985). Magnetism. Indian National Science Academy. Archived from the original on 25 April 2017. 
  8. ^ J Honig (2 December 2012). Preparation and Characterization of Materials. Elsevier. pp. 131–. ISBN 978-0-323-14435-3. Archived from the original on 25 April 2017. 
  9. ^ Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics. Council of Scientific & Industrial Research. 1992. Archived from the original on 25 April 2017. 
  10. ^ Proceedings of the Nuclear Physics and Solid State Physics Symposium. Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India. 1975. Archived from the original on 25 April 2017. 
  11. ^ "Executive Committees of IPA". Indian Physics Association. 2017. Archived from the original on 11 April 2017. 
  12. ^ a b "Fellow profile". Indian Academy of Sciences. 2017. Archived from the original on 25 April 2017. 
  13. ^ "CSIR list of Awardees". Council of Scientific and Industrial Research. 2017. Archived from the original on 9 April 2017. 
  14. ^ "INSA Year Book 2016" (PDF). Indian National Science Academy. 2017. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 November 2016. 
  15. ^ "N. S. Satya Murthy Memorial Award in Physics for Young Scientists". Indian Physics Association. 2017. Archived from the original on 25 April 2017. 
  16. ^ "Dr Sudarshan Ananth: NS Satya Murthy Memorial Award". IISER Pune. 2017. Archived from the original on 25 April 2017.