HOME
The Info List - Nāmarūpa



--- Advertisement ---


NāMARūPA is a dvandva compound in Sanskrit
Sanskrit
and Pali
Pali
meaning "name (NāMA) and form (RūPA)".

CONTENTS

* 1 Nāmarūpa in Buddhism

* 1.1 Psychobio constituents * 1.2 Empty of self * 1.3 Part of the cycle of suffering

* 2 Nāmarūpa in Hinduism * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 Sources

NāMARūPA IN BUDDHISM

THE 12 NIDāNAS:

IGNORANCE

FORMATIONS

CONSCIOUSNESS

NAME & FORM

SIX SENSE BASES

CONTACT

FEELING

CRAVING

CLINGING

BECOMING

BIRTH

OLD AGE as nāmarūpa, they designate an individual being. Namarupa are also referred to as the five skandhas , "the psycho-physical organism", “mind-and-matter,” and “mentality-and-materiality”.

PSYCHOBIO CONSTITUENTS

In the Pali Canon , the Buddha describes nāmarūpa in this manner (English on left, Pali
Pali
on right):

"And what is name-&-form? Feeling , perception , intention, contact , & attention: This is called name. The four great elements , and the form dependent on the four great elements: This is called form . This name & this form are, , called name- text-decoration: none">Katamañca bhikkhave nāmarūpaṃ? Vedanā saññā cetanā phasso manasikāro, idaṃ vuccati nāmaṃ. Cattāro ca mahābhūtā , catunnaṃ ca mahābhūtānaṃ upādāyarūpaṃ, idaṃ vuccati rūpa ṃ. Iti idañca nāmaṃ, idañca rūpaṃ, idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave, nāmarūpaṃ.

Elsewhere in the Pali Canon , nāmarūpa is used synonymously with the five aggregates .

EMPTY OF SELF

In keeping with the doctrine of anātman /anatta , "the absence of an (enduring, essential) self", NāMA and RūPA are held to be constantly in a state of flux, with only the continuity of experience (itself a product of dependent origination) providing an experience of any sort of conventional 'self'.

PART OF THE CYCLE OF SUFFERING

Nāmarūpa is the fourth of the Twelve Nidānas , preceded by consciousness (Pali: viññāna ; Skt.: vijñana) and followed by the six sense bases (Pali: saḷāyatana ; Skt: ṣaḍāyatana). Thus, in the Sutta Nipata , the Buddha explains to the Ven. Ajita how samsaric rebirth ceases: ...name & form, dear sir: Tell me, when asked this, where are they brought to a halt? This question you've asked, Ajita, I'll answer it for you — where name Pali
Pali
: paticca-samuppāda; English: dependent arising) * Skandha ( Sanskrit
Sanskrit
; Pali
Pali
: khandha; English: aggregates)

NOTES

* ^ For example, Rhys Davids & Stede (1921-25), p. 350, entry for "Nāma" (retrieved 2007-06-20), states: "nāma as metaphysical term is opposed to rūpa, text-decoration: none">arūpino khandhā, viz. vedanā saññā sankhāra viññāṇa...). These as the noëtic principle combd with the material principle make up the individual as it is distinguished by 'name text-decoration: none">Vibhańgasuttaṃ. * ^ Rhys Davids & Stede, op cit. * ^ Thanissaro (1994). In explaining this specific exchange between Ven. Ajita and the Buddha, Ireland (1983, 1994), n. 2 states: This question and answer refers to the doctrine of dependent-arising (paticca-samuppada ). Where rebirth-consciousness (pati-sandhi-vinnana ) does not arise there is no establishment of an individual (mind-and-body, namarupa) in a realm of existence, nor the consequent appearance of old age and death and the other sufferings inherent in life.

SOURCES

* Ireland, John D. (trans.) (1983). Ajita-manava-puccha: Ajita's Questions (Sn 5.1), from The Discourse Collection: Selected Texts from the Sutta Nipata (WH 82). Kandy: Buddhist Publication Society . Retrieved 2007-06-20 from "Access to Insight" (1994) at http://www.accesstoinsight.org/tipitaka/kn/snp/snp.5.01.irel.html. * Rhys Davids , T.W. " rowspan="1">Preceded by Vijñāna TWELVE NIDāNAS NāMARūPA Succeeded by Ṣaḍāyatana

* v * t * e

Buddhism topics

* Glossary * Index * Outline

FOUNDATIONS

* Three Jewels

* Buddha * Dharma * Sangha

* Four Noble Truths * Noble Eightfold Path * Nirvana * Middle Way

THE BUDDHA

* Tathāgata * Birthday * Four sights * Physical characteristics * Footprint * Relics * Iconography in Laos and Thailand * Films * Miracles

* Family

* Suddhodāna (father) * Māyā (mother) * Mahapajapati Gotamī (aunt, adoptive mother) * Yasodhara (wife) * Rāhula (son) * Ānanda (cousin) * Devadatta (cousin)

* Places where the Buddha stayed * Buddha in world religions

KEY CONCEPTS

* Avidyā (Ignorance) * Bardo
Bardo
* Bodhicitta * Bodhisattva * Buddha-nature * Dhamma theory * Dharma * Enlightenment * Five hindrances
Five hindrances
* Indriya * Karma * Kleshas * Mind Stream
Mind Stream
* Parinirvana * Pratītyasamutpāda * Rebirth * Saṃsāra * Saṅkhāra * Skandha * Śūnyatā * Taṇhā
Taṇhā
(Craving) * Tathātā
Tathātā
* Ten Fetters

* Three marks of existence

* Impermanence * Dukkha * Anatta

* Two truths doctrine
Two truths doctrine

COSMOLOGY

* Ten spiritual realms

* Six realms

* Heaven * Human realm * Asura realm * Hungry Ghost realm * Animal realm * Hell

* Three planes of existence

PRACTICES

* Bhavana
Bhavana
* Bodhipakkhiyādhammā

* Brahmavihara

* Mettā
Mettā
* Karuṇā
Karuṇā
* Mudita
Mudita
* Upekkha

* Dāna * Devotion * Dhyāna * Faith * Five Strengths
Five Strengths
* Iddhipada

* Meditation

* Mantras * Kammaṭṭhāna
Kammaṭṭhāna
* Recollection * Smarana * Anapanasati * Samatha
Samatha
* Vipassanā ( Vipassana movement
Vipassana movement
) * Shikantaza * Zazen
Zazen
* Kōan * Mandala
Mandala
* Tonglen * Tantra * Tertön * Terma

* Merit

* Mindfulness

* Satipatthana

* Nekkhamma * Pāramitā
Pāramitā
* Paritta

* Puja

* Offerings * Prostration * Chanting

* Refuge

* Satya

* Sacca

* Seven Factors of Enlightenment
Seven Factors of Enlightenment

* Sati * Dhamma vicaya * Pīti * Passaddhi
Passaddhi

* Śīla

* Five Precepts * Bodhisattva vow * Prātimokṣa
Prātimokṣa

* Threefold Training
Threefold Training

* Śīla * Samadhi * Prajñā

* Vīrya

* Four Right Exertions
Four Right Exertions

NIRVANA

* Bodhi
Bodhi
* Bodhisattva * Buddhahood * Pratyekabuddha

* Four stages of enlightenment

* Sotāpanna
Sotāpanna
* Sakadagami
Sakadagami
* Anāgāmi
Anāgāmi
* Arhat
Arhat

MONASTICISM

* Bhikkhu
Bhikkhu
* Bhikkhuni * Śrāmaṇera * Śrāmaṇerī * Anagarika
Anagarika
* Ajahn * Sayadaw * Zen master
Zen master
* Rōshi * Lama * Rinpoche
Rinpoche
* Geshe * Tulku
Tulku
* Householder * Upāsaka and Upāsikā

* Śrāvaka

* The ten principal disciples
The ten principal disciples

* Shaolin Monastery

MAJOR FIGURES

* Gautama Buddha
Gautama Buddha
* Kaundinya * Assaji * Sāriputta * Mahamoggallāna * Mulian * Ānanda * Mahākassapa * Anuruddha * Mahākaccana * Nanda * Subhuti
Subhuti
* Punna * Upali * Mahapajapati Gotamī * Khema
Khema
* Uppalavanna * Asita
Asita
* Channa * Yasa
Yasa
* Buddhaghoṣa
Buddhaghoṣa
* Nagasena
Nagasena
* Angulimala
Angulimala
* Bodhidharma
Bodhidharma
* Nagarjuna * Asanga
Asanga
* Vasubandhu * Atiśa * Padmasambhava * Nichiren * Songtsen Gampo * Emperor Wen of Sui * Dalai Lama * Panchen Lama * Karmapa
Karmapa
* Shamarpa
Shamarpa
* Naropa
Naropa
* Xuanzang * Zhiyi

TEXTS

* Tripiṭaka * Madhyamakālaṃkāra
Madhyamakālaṃkāra
* Mahayana sutras * Pāli Canon * Chinese Buddhist canon * Tibetan Buddhist canon
Tibetan Buddhist canon

BRANCHES

* Theravada

* Mahayana

* Chan Buddhism

* Zen
Zen
* Seon * Thiền

* Pure Land * Tiantai
Tiantai
* Nichiren * Madhyamaka
Madhyamaka
* Yogachara

* Navayana

* Vajrayana

* Tibetan * Shingon * Dzogchen

* Early Buddhist schools * Pre-sectarian Buddhism * Basic points unifying Theravāda and Mahāyāna
Basic points unifying Theravāda and Mahāyāna

COUNTRIES

* Afghanistan * Bangladesh * Bhutan * Cambodia * China * India * Indonesia * Japan * Korea * Laos * Malaysia * Maldives * Mongolia * Myanmar * Nepal * Pakistan * Philippines

* Russia

* Kalmykia * Buryatia

* Singapore * Sri Lanka * Taiwan * Thailand * Tibet * Vietnam

* Middle East

* Iran

* Western countries

* Argentina * Australia * Brazil * France * United Kingdom * United States * Venezuela

HISTORY

* Timeline * Ashoka * Buddhist councils

* History of Buddhism in India

* Decline of Buddhism in India

* Great Anti-Buddhist Persecution * Greco- Buddhism * Buddhism and the Roman world * Buddhism in the West * Silk Road transmission of Buddhism * Persecution of Buddhists * Banishment of Buddhist monks from Nepal
Banishment of Buddhist monks from Nepal
* Buddhist crisis
Buddhist crisis
* Sinhalese Buddhist nationalism * Buddhist modernism * Vipassana movement
Vipassana movement
* 969 Movement * Women in Buddhism

PHILOSOPHY

* Abhidharma * Atomism * Buddhology * Creator * Economics * Eight Consciousnesses
Eight Consciousnesses
* Engaged Buddhism * Eschatology * Ethics * Evolution * Humanism * Logic * Reality * Secular Buddhism * Socialism * The unanswered questions
The unanswered questions

CULTURE

* Architecture

* Temple * Vihara
Vihara
* Wat
Wat
* Stupa * Pagoda
Pagoda
* Candi * Dzong architecture * Japanese Buddhist architecture * Korean Buddhist temples * Thai temple art and architecture
Thai temple art and architecture
* Tibetan Buddhist architecture

* Art

* Greco-Buddhist

* Bodhi
Bodhi
Tree * Budai
Budai
* Buddharupa * Calendar * Cuisine * Funeral

* Holidays

* Vesak
Vesak
* Uposatha
Uposatha
* Magha Puja
Magha Puja
* Asalha Puja
Asalha Puja
* Vassa
Vassa

* Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi
Bodhi
* Kasaya * Mahabodhi Temple

* Mantra
Mantra

* Om mani padme hum
Om mani padme hum

* Mudra * Music

* Pilgrimage

* Lumbini
Lumbini
* Maya Devi Temple * Bodh Gaya * Sarnath
Sarnath
* Kushinagar

* Poetry * Prayer beads * Prayer wheel

* Symbolism

* Dharmachakra
Dharmachakra
* Flag * Bhavacakra
Bhavacakra
* Swastika
Swastika
* Thangka

* Temple of the Tooth
Temple of the Tooth
* Vegetarianism

MISCELLANEOUS

* Abhijñā
Abhijñā
* Amitābha

* Avalokiteśvara

* Guanyin
Guanyin

* Brahmā * Dhammapada
Dhammapada
* Dharma talk * Hinayana * Kalpa * Koliya * Lineage * Maitreya
Maitreya
* Māra * Ṛddhi
Ṛddhi

* Sacred languages

* Pali
Pali
* Sanskrit
Sanskrit

* Siddhi * Sutra
Sutra
* Vinaya
Vinaya

COMPARISON

* Bahá\'í Faith

* Christianity

* Influences * Comparison

* East Asian religions * Gnosticism * Hinduism * Jainism * Judaism * Psychology * Science * Theosophy * Violence * Western philosophy

LISTS

* Bodhisattvas * Books

* Buddhas

* named

* Buddhists * Suttas * Temples

* Category
Category
* Portal
Portal

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title= Namarupa additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy .® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.

* Privacy policy * About * Disclaimers * Contact * Developers * Cookie statement * Mobile view

* *

Links: ------ /wiki/Dvandva /wiki/Sanskrit /wiki/P%C4%81li /#N.C4.81mar.C5.ABpa_in_Buddhism /#Psychobio_constituents /#Empty_of_self /#Part_of_the_cycle_of_suffering /#N.C4.81mar.C5.ABpa_in_Hinduism /#See_also /#Notes /#Sources

.