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The Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
(Tamil: நாலடியார்) is a Tamil poetic work of didactic nature belonging to the Patiṉeṇkīḻkaṇakku anthology of Tamil literature. This belongs to the post Sangam period
Sangam period
corresponding to between 100 – 500 CE. Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
contains 400 poems, each containing four lines. Every poem deals with morals and ethics, extolling righteous behaviour. There is an old Tamil proverb praising the Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
that says " Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
and the Tirukkuṛaḷ
Tirukkuṛaḷ
are very good in expressing human thoughts just as the twigs of the banyan and the acacia trees are good in maintaining the teeth."

ஆலும் வேலும் பல்லுக்குறுதி; நாலும் இரண்டும் சொல்லுக்குறுதி. (Aalum vaelum pallukkuruthi; naalum irandum sollukkuruthi) Literal translation: "Banyan and neem maintain oral health; Four and Two maintain moral health." (Here "Four" and "Two" refer to the quatrains and couplets of Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
and Tirukkuṛaḷ, respectively.)

Contents

1 Didactic nature 2 See also 3 Notes 4 References

Didactic nature[edit] Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
was composed by Jain monks.[1] It is divided into three sections, the first section focusing on the importance of virtuous life, second section on the governance and management of wealth, and the third smaller section on the pleasures. Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
is unique in the employment of similes, which help to teach the moral codes using simple examples from daily life. For example, one of the poems states that just like a calf placed in front of a vast herd of cows seeks out its mother unerringly and attaches itself, the deeds of the past home in on the doer and exact their price unfailingly. See also[edit]

Tamil Jain

Notes[edit]

^ Sheldon Pollock 2003, p. 293.

References[edit]

Sheldon Pollock, ed. (2003), Literary Cultures in History: Reconstructions from South Asia, University of California Press, ISBN 0-520-22821-9  Mudaliyar, Singaravelu A., Apithana Cintamani, An encyclopaedia of Tamil Literature, (1931) - Reprinted by Asian Educational Services, New Delhi (1983) [1] [2] [3]

v t e

Jain literature

Fourteen Purvas
Purvas
(The Prior Knowledge – considered totally lost)

Digambara
Digambara
Canonical Texts

Āagam

Shatkhandagama Kasayapahuda

Prathamānuyoga

Mahapurana

Ādi purāṇa Uttarapurāṇa

Harivamsa Purana

Carnānuyoga

Mulachara Trivarnācāra Tattvartha Sutra
Tattvartha Sutra
(Note1) Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra Puruşārthasiddhyupāya

Karnánuyoga

Gommatsāra Sūryaprajñapti Jayadhavalātikā Tiloya Panatti Lokavibhaga

Dravyānuyoga

Niyamasara Pancastikayasara Pravachanasara Samayasāra Aptamimamsa Dravyasamgraha Jnanarnava

Commentary

Sarvārthasiddhi
Sarvārthasiddhi
(commentary on Tattvārthasūtra)

Others

Siribhoovalaya Uvasagharam Stotra Bhaktamara Stotra

Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
Canonical Texts

Angāgama

Acharanga Sutra Sutrakritanga Sthananga Sutra Samavayanga Sutra Vyākhyāprajñapti Jnatrdharmakathah Upasakadasah Antakrddaasah Anuttaraupapātikadaśāh Prasnavyakaranani Vipakasruta Drstivada
Drstivada
(now extinct)

Upanga āgamas

Aupapatika Rājapraśnīya Jīvājīvābhigama Prajñāpana Sūryaprajñapti Jambūdvīpaprajñapti Candraprajñapti Nirayārvalī Kalpāvatamsikāh Puspikāh Puspacūlikāh Vrasnidaśāh

Chedasūtra

Ācāradaśāh Brhatkalpa Vyavahāra Nishitha Mahāniśītha Jītakalpa Kalpa Sūtra

Mūlasūtra

Daśavaikālika Uttaradhyayana Āvaśyaka Pindaniryukyti

Prakīrnaka sūtra

Catuhśarana Āturapratyākhyanā Bhaktaparijñā Samstāraka Tandulavaicarika Candravedhyāka Devendrastava Ganividyā Mahāpratyākhyanā Vīrastava

Cūlikasūtra

Nandī-sūtra Anuyogadvāra-sūtra

Tattvartha Sutra
Tattvartha Sutra
is accepted by both Digambara
Digambara
and Śvetāmbara as their texts although Śvetāmbaras do not include it under canonical texts.

v t e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

Gods

Tirthankara Ganadhara Arihant

Philosophy

Ethics

Ahimsa

Epistemology

Kevala Jñāna

Jaina logic

Anekāntavāda

Jain cosmology

Siddhashila Naraka Heavenly beings

Karma

Types Causes

Gunasthana Dravya

Jīva Ajiva

Pudgala Dharma

Tattva

Asrava Bandha Samvara Nirjara Mokṣa

Death Saṃsāra Ratnatraya Kashaya

Branches

Digambara

Mula Sangha

Balatkara Gana Kashtha Sangha

Taran Panth Bispanthi Terapanth Yapaniya Kanji Panth

Śvētāmbara

Murtipujaka

Gaccha

Kharatara Tapa Tristutik

Sthānakavāsī Terapanth

Practices

Sallekhana Meditation

Sāmāyika

Monasticism Vegetarianism Fasting Rituals Festivals

Paryushana Kshamavani Mahamastakabhisheka

Upadhan Tapas Pratikramana

Literature

Agama

Shatkhandagama Kasayapahuda

Mantra

Namokar Mantra Bhaktamara Stotra

Tattvartha Sutra Samayasāra Aptamimamsa Kalpa Sūtra

Symbols

Jain flag Siddhachakra Ashtamangala

Shrivatsa Nandavarta

Auspicious dreams Swastika

Ascetics

Digambara
Digambara
monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya

Scholars

Nalini Balbir Colette Caillat Chandabai John E. Cort Paul Dundas Virchand Gandhi Hermann Jacobi Champat Rai Jain Padmanabh Jaini Jeffery D. Long Hampa Nagarajaiah Claudia Pastorino Bal Patil Jinendra Varni

Community

Śrāvaka Sarak Tamil Organisations

Digambar Jain Mahasabha Vishwa Jain Sangathan JAINA

Jainism
Jainism
in

India

Bundelkhand Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Karnataka

North

Kerala Maharashtra

Mumbai

Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh

Overseas

Canada Europe United States Japan Singapore Hong Kong Pakistan Belgium Africa Southeast Asia Australia

Jainism
Jainism
and

Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism

Dynasties and empires

Ikshvaku Maurya Kalinga Kadamba Ganga Chalukya Rashtrakuta Hoysala Pandayan

Related

History

Timeline

Pañca-Parameṣṭhi Pratima Śalākāpuruṣa Tirtha Samavasarana Jain calendar

Samvatsari

Panch Kalyanaka Statue of Ahimsa Temple Sculpture Art Law Nigoda Jain terms and concepts Sexual differences

Lists

List of Jains List of Jain temples List of Jain ascetics List of Digambar Jain ascetics Topics List (index)

Navboxes

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is a stub. You can help by expanding it.

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is a stub. You can help by expandi

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Nālaṭiyār
HOME
The Info List - Nālaṭiyār


--- Advertisement ---



The Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
(Tamil: நாலடியார்) is a Tamil poetic work of didactic nature belonging to the Patiṉeṇkīḻkaṇakku anthology of Tamil literature. This belongs to the post Sangam period
Sangam period
corresponding to between 100 – 500 CE. Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
contains 400 poems, each containing four lines. Every poem deals with morals and ethics, extolling righteous behaviour. There is an old Tamil proverb praising the Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
that says " Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
and the Tirukkuṛaḷ
Tirukkuṛaḷ
are very good in expressing human thoughts just as the twigs of the banyan and the acacia trees are good in maintaining the teeth."

ஆலும் வேலும் பல்லுக்குறுதி; நாலும் இரண்டும் சொல்லுக்குறுதி. (Aalum vaelum pallukkuruthi; naalum irandum sollukkuruthi) Literal translation: "Banyan and neem maintain oral health; Four and Two maintain moral health." (Here "Four" and "Two" refer to the quatrains and couplets of Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
and Tirukkuṛaḷ, respectively.)

Contents

1 Didactic nature 2 See also 3 Notes 4 References

Didactic nature[edit] Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
was composed by Jain monks.[1] It is divided into three sections, the first section focusing on the importance of virtuous life, second section on the governance and management of wealth, and the third smaller section on the pleasures. Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
is unique in the employment of similes, which help to teach the moral codes using simple examples from daily life. For example, one of the poems states that just like a calf placed in front of a vast herd of cows seeks out its mother unerringly and attaches itself, the deeds of the past home in on the doer and exact their price unfailingly. See also[edit]

Tamil Jain

Notes[edit]

^ Sheldon Pollock 2003, p. 293.

References[edit]

Sheldon Pollock, ed. (2003), Literary Cultures in History: Reconstructions from South Asia, University of California Press, ISBN 0-520-22821-9  Mudaliyar, Singaravelu A., Apithana Cintamani, An encyclopaedia of Tamil Literature, (1931) - Reprinted by Asian Educational Services, New Delhi (1983) [1] [2] [3]

v t e

Jain literature

Fourteen Purvas
Purvas
(The Prior Knowledge – considered totally lost)

Digambara
Digambara
Canonical Texts

Āagam

Shatkhandagama Kasayapahuda

Prathamānuyoga

Mahapurana

Ādi purāṇa Uttarapurāṇa

Harivamsa Purana

Carnānuyoga

Mulachara Trivarnācāra Tattvartha Sutra
Tattvartha Sutra
(Note1) Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra Puruşārthasiddhyupāya

Karnánuyoga

Gommatsāra Sūryaprajñapti Jayadhavalātikā Tiloya Panatti Lokavibhaga

Dravyānuyoga

Niyamasara Pancastikayasara Pravachanasara Samayasāra Aptamimamsa Dravyasamgraha Jnanarnava

Commentary

Sarvārthasiddhi
Sarvārthasiddhi
(commentary on Tattvārthasūtra)

Others

Siribhoovalaya Uvasagharam Stotra Bhaktamara Stotra

Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
Canonical Texts

Angāgama

Acharanga Sutra Sutrakritanga Sthananga Sutra Samavayanga Sutra Vyākhyāprajñapti Jnatrdharmakathah Upasakadasah Antakrddaasah Anuttaraupapātikadaśāh Prasnavyakaranani Vipakasruta Drstivada
Drstivada
(now extinct)

Upanga āgamas

Aupapatika Rājapraśnīya Jīvājīvābhigama Prajñāpana Sūryaprajñapti Jambūdvīpaprajñapti Candraprajñapti Nirayārvalī Kalpāvatamsikāh Puspikāh Puspacūlikāh Vrasnidaśāh

Chedasūtra

Ācāradaśāh Brhatkalpa Vyavahāra Nishitha Mahāniśītha Jītakalpa Kalpa Sūtra

Mūlasūtra

Daśavaikālika Uttaradhyayana Āvaśyaka Pindaniryukyti

Prakīrnaka sūtra

Catuhśarana Āturapratyākhyanā Bhaktaparijñā Samstāraka Tandulavaicarika Candravedhyāka Devendrastava Ganividyā Mahāpratyākhyanā Vīrastava

Cūlikasūtra

Nandī-sūtra Anuyogadvāra-sūtra

Tattvartha Sutra
Tattvartha Sutra
is accepted by both Digambara
Digambara
and Śvetāmbara as their texts although Śvetāmbaras do not include it under canonical texts.

v t e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

Gods

Tirthankara Ganadhara Arihant

Philosophy

Ethics

Ahimsa

Epistemology

Kevala Jñāna

Jaina logic

Anekāntavāda

Jain cosmology

Siddhashila Naraka Heavenly beings

Karma

Types Causes

Gunasthana Dravya

Jīva Ajiva

Pudgala Dharma

Tattva

Asrava Bandha Samvara Nirjara Mokṣa

Death Saṃsāra Ratnatraya Kashaya

Branches

Digambara

Mula Sangha

Balatkara Gana Kashtha Sangha

Taran Panth Bispanthi Terapanth Yapaniya Kanji Panth

Śvētāmbara

Murtipujaka

Gaccha

Kharatara Tapa Tristutik

Sthānakavāsī Terapanth

Practices

Sallekhana Meditation

Sāmāyika

Monasticism Vegetarianism Fasting Rituals Festivals

Paryushana Kshamavani Mahamastakabhisheka

Upadhan Tapas Pratikramana

Literature

Agama

Shatkhandagama Kasayapahuda

Mantra

Namokar Mantra Bhaktamara Stotra

Tattvartha Sutra Samayasāra Aptamimamsa Kalpa Sūtra

Symbols

Jain flag Siddhachakra Ashtamangala

Shrivatsa Nandavarta

Auspicious dreams Swastika

Ascetics

Digambara
Digambara
monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya

Scholars

Nalini Balbir Colette Caillat Chandabai John E. Cort Paul Dundas Virchand Gandhi Hermann Jacobi Champat Rai Jain Padmanabh Jaini Jeffery D. Long Hampa Nagarajaiah Claudia Pastorino Bal Patil Jinendra Varni

Community

Śrāvaka Sarak Tamil Organisations

Digambar Jain Mahasabha Vishwa Jain Sangathan JAINA

Jainism
Jainism
in

India

Bundelkhand Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Karnataka

North

Kerala Maharashtra

Mumbai

Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh

Overseas

Canada Europe United States Japan Singapore Hong Kong Pakistan Belgium Africa Southeast Asia Australia

Jainism
Jainism
and

Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism

Dynasties and empires

Ikshvaku Maurya Kalinga Kadamba Ganga Chalukya Rashtrakuta Hoysala Pandayan

Related

History

Timeline

Pañca-Parameṣṭhi Pratima Śalākāpuruṣa Tirtha Samavasarana Jain calendar

Samvatsari

Panch Kalyanaka Statue of Ahimsa Temple Sculpture Art Law Nigoda Jain terms and concepts Sexual differences

Lists

List of Jains List of Jain temples List of Jain ascetics List of Digambar Jain ascetics Topics List (index)

Navboxes

Gods Literature Monks & nuns Scholars Temples

America Bengal

  Portal   Commons   Wikiquote   Wikisource

This article related to a book about Jainism
Jainism
is a stub. You can help by expanding it.

v t e

This article about the literature of India
India
is a stub. You can help by expandi

.
l> Nālaṭiyār
HOME
The Info List - Nālaṭiyār


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The Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
(Tamil: நாலடியார்) is a Tamil poetic work of didactic nature belonging to the Patiṉeṇkīḻkaṇakku anthology of Tamil literature. This belongs to the post Sangam period
Sangam period
corresponding to between 100 – 500 CE. Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
contains 400 poems, each containing four lines. Every poem deals with morals and ethics, extolling righteous behaviour. There is an old Tamil proverb praising the Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
that says " Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
and the Tirukkuṛaḷ
Tirukkuṛaḷ
are very good in expressing human thoughts just as the twigs of the banyan and the acacia trees are good in maintaining the teeth."

ஆலும் வேலும் பல்லுக்குறுதி; நாலும் இரண்டும் சொல்லுக்குறுதி. (Aalum vaelum pallukkuruthi; naalum irandum sollukkuruthi) Literal translation: "Banyan and neem maintain oral health; Four and Two maintain moral health." (Here "Four" and "Two" refer to the quatrains and couplets of Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
and Tirukkuṛaḷ, respectively.)

Contents

1 Didactic nature 2 See also 3 Notes 4 References

Didactic nature[edit] Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
was composed by Jain monks.[1] It is divided into three sections, the first section focusing on the importance of virtuous life, second section on the governance and management of wealth, and the third smaller section on the pleasures. Nālaṭiyār
Nālaṭiyār
is unique in the employment of similes, which help to teach the moral codes using simple examples from daily life. For example, one of the poems states that just like a calf placed in front of a vast herd of cows seeks out its mother unerringly and attaches itself, the deeds of the past home in on the doer and exact their price unfailingly. See also[edit]

Tamil Jain

Notes[edit]

^ Sheldon Pollock 2003, p. 293.

References[edit]

Sheldon Pollock, ed. (2003), Literary Cultures in History: Reconstructions from South Asia, University of California Press, ISBN 0-520-22821-9  Mudaliyar, Singaravelu A., Apithana Cintamani, An encyclopaedia of Tamil Literature, (1931) - Reprinted by Asian Educational Services, New Delhi (1983) [1] [2] [3]

v t e

Jain literature

Fourteen Purvas
Purvas
(The Prior Knowledge – considered totally lost)

Digambara
Digambara
Canonical Texts

Āagam

Shatkhandagama Kasayapahuda

Prathamānuyoga

Mahapurana

Ādi purāṇa Uttarapurāṇa

Harivamsa Purana

Carnānuyoga

Mulachara Trivarnācāra Tattvartha Sutra
Tattvartha Sutra
(Note1) Ratnakaranda śrāvakācāra Puruşārthasiddhyupāya

Karnánuyoga

Gommatsāra Sūryaprajñapti Jayadhavalātikā Tiloya Panatti Lokavibhaga

Dravyānuyoga

Niyamasara Pancastikayasara Pravachanasara Samayasāra Aptamimamsa Dravyasamgraha Jnanarnava

Commentary

Sarvārthasiddhi
Sarvārthasiddhi
(commentary on Tattvārthasūtra)

Others

Siribhoovalaya Uvasagharam Stotra Bhaktamara Stotra

Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
Canonical Texts

Angāgama

Acharanga Sutra Sutrakritanga Sthananga Sutra Samavayanga Sutra Vyākhyāprajñapti Jnatrdharmakathah Upasakadasah Antakrddaasah Anuttaraupapātikadaśāh Prasnavyakaranani Vipakasruta Drstivada
Drstivada
(now extinct)

Upanga āgamas

Aupapatika Rājapraśnīya Jīvājīvābhigama Prajñāpana Sūryaprajñapti Jambūdvīpaprajñapti Candraprajñapti Nirayārvalī Kalpāvatamsikāh Puspikāh Puspacūlikāh Vrasnidaśāh

Chedasūtra

Ācāradaśāh Brhatkalpa Vyavahāra Nishitha Mahāniśītha Jītakalpa Kalpa Sūtra

Mūlasūtra

Daśavaikālika Uttaradhyayana Āvaśyaka Pindaniryukyti

Prakīrnaka sūtra

Catuhśarana Āturapratyākhyanā Bhaktaparijñā Samstāraka Tandulavaicarika Candravedhyāka Devendrastava Ganividyā Mahāpratyākhyanā Vīrastava

Cūlikasūtra

Nandī-sūtra Anuyogadvāra-sūtra

Tattvartha Sutra
Tattvartha Sutra
is accepted by both Digambara
Digambara
and Śvetāmbara as their texts although Śvetāmbaras do not include it under canonical texts.

v t e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

Gods

Tirthankara Ganadhara Arihant

Philosophy

Ethics

Ahimsa

Epistemology

Kevala Jñāna

Jaina logic

Anekāntavāda

Jain cosmology

Siddhashila Naraka Heavenly beings

Karma

Types Causes

Gunasthana Dravya

Jīva Ajiva

Pudgala Dharma

Tattva

Asrava Bandha Samvara Nirjara Mokṣa

Death Saṃsāra Ratnatraya Kashaya

Branches

Digambara

Mula Sangha

Balatkara Gana Kashtha Sangha

Taran Panth Bispanthi Terapanth Yapaniya Kanji Panth

Śvētāmbara

Murtipujaka

Gaccha

Kharatara Tapa Tristutik

Sthānakavāsī Terapanth

Practices

Sallekhana Meditation

Sāmāyika

Monasticism Vegetarianism Fasting Rituals Festivals

Paryushana Kshamavani Mahamastakabhisheka

Upadhan Tapas Pratikramana

Literature

Agama

Shatkhandagama Kasayapahuda

Mantra

Namokar Mantra Bhaktamara Stotra

Tattvartha Sutra Samayasāra Aptamimamsa Kalpa Sūtra

Symbols

Jain flag Siddhachakra Ashtamangala

Shrivatsa Nandavarta

Auspicious dreams Swastika

Ascetics

Digambara
Digambara
monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya

Scholars

Nalini Balbir Colette Caillat Chandabai John E. Cort Paul Dundas Virchand Gandhi Hermann Jacobi Champat Rai Jain Padmanabh Jaini Jeffery D. Long Hampa Nagarajaiah Claudia Pastorino Bal Patil Jinendra Varni

Community

Śrāvaka Sarak Tamil Organisations

Digambar Jain Mahasabha Vishwa Jain Sangathan JAINA

Jainism
Jainism
in

India

Bundelkhand Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Karnataka

North

Kerala Maharashtra

Mumbai

Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh

Overseas

Canada Europe United States Japan Singapore Hong Kong Pakistan Belgium Africa Southeast Asia Australia

Jainism
Jainism
and

Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism

Dynasties and empires

Ikshvaku Maurya Kalinga Kadamba Ganga Chalukya Rashtrakuta Hoysala Pandayan

Related

History

Timeline

Pañca-Parameṣṭhi Pratima Śalākāpuruṣa Tirtha Samavasarana Jain calendar

Samvatsari

Panch Kalyanaka Statue of Ahimsa Temple Sculpture Art Law Nigoda Jain terms and concepts Sexual differences

Lists

List of Jains List of Jain temples List of Jain ascetics List of Digambar Jain ascetics Topics List (index)

Navboxes

Gods Literature Monks & nuns Scholars Temples

America Bengal

  Portal   Commons   Wikiquote   Wikisource

This article related to a book about Jainism
Jainism
is a stub. You can help by expanding it.

v t e

This article about the literature of India
India
is a stub. You can help by expandi

.

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