Nördlingen is a town in the Donau-Ries district, in Swabia, Bavaria, Germany, with a population of approximately 19,190. It was first mentioned in recorded history in 898, and in 1998 the town celebrated its 1100th anniversary. The town was the location of two battles during the Thirty Years' War, which took place between 1618–1648. Today it is one of only three towns in Germany that still has a completely established city wall, the other two being Rothenburg ob der Tauber and Dinkelsbühl.

Another attraction in the town is the Saint Georg's Church's 90 m steeple, called "Daniel", which is made of a suevite impact breccia that contains shocked quartz. Other notable buildings are the town hall (which dates to the 13th century), St. Salvator church and the Spital, a former medieval hospital. The Ries crater museum is located in the well-preserved medieval tanner's quarter.

The city is home to several other museums, such as the Bavarian Railway Museum, the Nördlingen city museum (Stadtmuseum), the city wall museum (Stadtmauermuseum) and Augenblick museum with panoramas, magic lanterns, silent films, barrel organs, pianolas, music boxes and gramophones.

Nördlingen is also known for the Scharlachrennen, a horse riding tournament that was first mentioned in 1463.


The remains of a Roman castellum, built in 85AD and probably called Septemiacum, have been found under the city. [2] In 1998, Nördlingen celebrated its 1100-year-old history.

Nördlingen was one of Germany's major trading towns, until its importance declined with the battles of the Thirty Years' War. In 1215 Emperor Frederick II declared Nördlingen a Free Imperial City, and it remained so until 1802 when it changed to become part of present-day Bavaria.[citation needed] The Nördlingen trade fair (Pfingstmesse) was first mentioned in 1219.

A well-documented legal case of 1471 involved the prostitute Els von Eystett who worked in Nördlingen's Frauenhaus, an officially sanctioned municipal brothel.

Nördlingen was one of the first Protestant cities and took part in the Protestation at Speyer in 1529.

It is often said that in 1604 a shortened and simplified version of William Shakespeare's Romeo and Juliet was performed in Nördlingen and that this was one of the first performances of any Shakespearean play outside England.[3] In fact, the players applied to perform but were denied by the local authorities and were compensated for their efforts.[4]

Nördlingen saw two major battles during the Thirty Years' War: the Battle of Nördlingen (1634) and the Battle of Nördlingen (1645).


Saint George's church, Nördlingen, the Daniel in background
List of Nördlingen mayors since 1914
Name Term of office
Wilhelm Brunco 1914–1916
Otto Mainer 1916–1927
Wilhelm Hausmann 1927–1939
Heinrich Schulz 1939–1941
Eugen Einberger 1941–1944
Paul Söldner 1945–1946
Josef Feil 1946–1948
Johannes Weinberger 1948–1964
Hermann Keßler 1964–1982
Paul Kling 1982–2006
Hermann Faul since 2006


Important companies in Nördlingen are:

  • Strenesse – fashion
  • C.H. Beck – book publisher
  • Kathrein – antenna manufacturer
  • Ankerbräu – brewery

Nördlingen has a station on the Ries Railway, which is served hourly on weekdays.


The local sports club, the TSV 1861 Nördlingen, has a very successful basketball department with the men's and the women's team both in the Basketball Bundesliga. The clubs football team is traditionally the strongest side in northern Swabia. Its most successful former player is Gerd Müller, who was born and raised in Nördlingen. Its stadium was renamed in his honour in 2008.

Impact diamonds

Stone buildings in the town contain millions of tiny diamonds, all less than 0.2 millimeters across. The meteorite impact - from a 1 km-wide asteroid - that caused the Nördlinger Ries crater created an estimated 72000 tons of them when it impacted a local graphite deposit. Stone from this area was later quarried and used to build the stone buildings.

Panorama of Nördlingen from the Daniel

International relations

Twin towns – Sister cities

Nördlingen is twinned with:

Notable residents

Albrecht Adam, c. 1850

See also


  1. ^ "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). January 2018. 
  2. ^ http://vici.org/vici/18421/?lang=de
  3. ^ Dawson, Anthony B. (2002). "International Shakespeare". In Wells, Stanley; Stanton, Sarah. The Cambridge Companion to Shakespeare on Stage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 174–193. ISBN 978-0-521-79711-5, p. 176
  4. ^ Oppitz-Trotman, George. (2015). Romeo and Juliet in German, 1603-1604" Notes and Queries 260: 96-98.
  5. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-10-04. Retrieved 2013-12-26. 
  6. ^ "Christel DeHaan". Forbes. Retrieved 13 March 2017. 


  • Emsley, John (2001). NATURE'S BUILDING BLOCKS. Oxford University Press, pp. 99. ISBN 0-19-850341-5.
  • Baier, Johannes (2007): Die Ausfwurfprodukte des Ries-Impakts, Deutschland, 'in Documenta Naturae, Vol. 162, München. ISBN 978-3-86544-162-1
  • Baier, Johannes (2008): Zur Herkunft der Suevit-Grundmasse des Ries-Impakt Kraters, in Documenta Naturae, Vol. 172, München. ISSN 0723-8428

External links