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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Nîmes
Nîmes
(/niːm/; French: [nim]; Provençal Occitan: Nimes [ˈnimes]) is a city in the Occitanie
Occitanie
region of southern France. It is the capital of the Gard
Gard
department. Nîmes
Nîmes
is located between the Mediterranean Sea
Mediterranean Sea
and the Cévennes mountains. The estimated population of Nîmes
Nîmes
is 146,709 (2012).[1] Nîmes
Nîmes
has a rich history, dating back to the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
when the city was home to 50,000–60,000 people.[2][3][4][5] Several famous monuments are in Nîmes, such as the Nîmes
Nîmes
Arena and the Maison Carrée. Because of this, Nîmes
Nîmes
is often referred to as the French Rome.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Prehistory 1.2 4000–2000 BC 1.3 1800–600 BC 1.4 600–49 BC 1.5 Roman period 1.6 4th–13th centuries 1.7 Period of invasions 1.8 17th century to the French Revolution 1.9 From the French Revolution to the present

2 Geography

2.1 Climate

3 Sights 4 Economy and infrastructure 5 Population 6 Culture 7 Transportation 8 Sport 9 Mayors 10 International relations 11 See also 12 References 13 Further reading 14 External links

History[edit] See also: Timeline of Nîmes

Arena of Nîmes.

The city derives its name from that of a spring in the Roman village. The contemporary coat of arms of the city of Nîmes
Nîmes
includes a crocodile chained to a palm tree with the inscription COL NEM, for Colonia Nemausus, meaning the "colony" or "settlement" of Nemausus, the local Celtic god of the Volcae Arecomici. Veterans of the Roman legions who had served Julius Caesar in his Nile campaigns, at the end of fifteen years of soldiering, were given plots of land to cultivate on the plain of Nîmes.[6] The city was located on the Via Domitia, a Roman road
Roman road
constructed in 118 BC which connected Italy
Italy
with Spain. Its name appears in inscriptions in Gaulish
Gaulish
as dede matrebo Namausikabo = "he has given to the mothers of Nîmes" and "toutios Namausatis" = "citizen of Nîmes".[7] Prehistory[edit] The site on which the built-up area of Nîmes
Nîmes
has become established in the course of centuries is part of the edge of the alluvial plain of the Vistrenque River which butts up against low hills: to the northeast, Mont Duplan; to the southwest, Montaury; to the west, Mt. Cavalier and the knoll of Canteduc. 4000–2000 BC[edit] The Neolithic site of Serre Paradis reveals the presence of semi-nomadic cultivators in the period 4000 to 3500 BC on the future site of Nîmes. The population of the site increased during the thousand-year period of the Bronze Age. The menhir of Courbessac (or La Poudrière) stands in a field, near the airstrip. This limestone monolith of over two metres in height dates to about 2500 BC, and must be considered the oldest monument of Nîmes. 1800–600 BC[edit] The Bronze Age has left traces of villages that were made out of huts and branches 600–49 BC[edit] The Warrior of Grezan is considered to be the most ancient indigenous sculpture in southern Gaul.[citation needed] The hill named Mt. Cavalier was the site of the early oppidum, which gave birth to the city. During the third and 2nd centuries BC a surrounding wall was built, closed at the summit by a dry-stone tower, which was later incorporated into the masonry of the Tour Magne. The Wars of Gaul and the fall of Marseille
Marseille
(49 BC) allowed Nîmes
Nîmes
to regain its autonomy under Rome. Roman period[edit] See also: Nemausus

Pont du Gard
Gard
from the south bank

Arena Interior.

Maison Carrée.

Nîmes
Nîmes
became a Roman colony sometime before 28 BC, as witnessed by the earliest coins, which bear the abbreviation NEM. COL, "Colony of Nemausus".[8] Some years later a sanctuary and other constructions connected with the fountain were raised on the site. Nîmes
Nîmes
was already under Roman influence, though it was Augustus
Augustus
who made the city the capital of Narbonne
Narbonne
province, and gave it all its glory. It was also known as the birthplace of the family of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius. The city had an estimated population of 60,000 in the time of Augustus.[citation needed] Augustus
Augustus
gave the town a ring of ramparts six kilometres (3.7 miles) long, reinforced by fourteen towers; two gates remain today: the Porta Augusta and the Porte de France. An aqueduct was built to bring water from the hills to the north. Where this crossed the River Gard
Gard
between Uzes
Uzes
and Remoulins, the spectacular Pont du Gard
Gard
was built. This is 20 kilometres (12 miles) north east of the city. Also, the Maison Carrée
Maison Carrée
is one of the best preserved temples to be found anywhere in the territory of the former Roman Empire; it later inspired the design of the Virginia State Capitol at Richmond. Nothing remains of some other monuments, the existence of which is known from inscriptions or architectural fragments found in the course of excavations. It is known that the town had a civil basilica, a curia, a gymnasium and perhaps a circus. The amphitheatre dates from the end of the 2nd century AD and was one of the largest amphitheatres in the Empire.

Dimensions of the largest amphitheatres of the Roman Empire

Colosseum
Colosseum
(Rome, Italy) 188 × 156 m

Capua (Italy) 167 × 137 m

Italica
Italica
(Spain): 157 × 134 m

Tours 156 × 134 m

Carthage (Tunisia) 156 × 128 m

Autun 154 × 130 m

Nîmes 133 × 101 m

Emperor Constantine endowed the city with baths. It became the seat of the Diocesan Vicar, the chief administrative officer of southern Gaul. The town was prosperous until the end of the 3rd century – during the 4th and 5th centuries, the nearby town of Arles
Arles
enjoyed more prosperity. In the early 5th century the Praetorian Prefecture was moved from Trier
Trier
in northeast Gaul to Arles. The Visigoths
Visigoths
finally captured the city from the Romans in 473 AD. 4th–13th centuries[edit]

Nemausus, Nismes Civitas Narbonensis surrounded by its walls, after Sebastian Münster (1569), 1572.

After the Roman period, in the days of invasion and decadence, the Christian Church, already established in Gaul since the 1st century AD, appeared to be the last refuge of classical civilization – it was remarkably organized and directed by a series of Gallo-Roman aristocrats. However, when the Visigoths
Visigoths
were accepted in the Roman Empire, Nîmes
Nîmes
was included in their territory (472), even after the Frankish victory at the Battle of Vouillé
Battle of Vouillé
(507). The urban landscape went through transformation with the Goths, but much of the heritage of the Roman era remained largely intact. By 725, the Muslim Umayyads had conquered the whole Visigothic territory of Septimania
Septimania
including Nîmes. In 736-737, Charles Martel and his brother led an expedition to Septimania
Septimania
and Provence, and largely destroyed the city (in the hands of Umayyads allied with the local Gallo-Roman and Gothic nobility), including the amphitheatre, thereafter heading back north. The Muslim government came to an end in 752, when Pepin the Short
Pepin the Short
captured the city. In 754, an uprising took place against the Carolingian king, but was put down and count Radulf, a Frank, appointed as master of the city. After the war events, Nîmes was now only a shadow of the opulent Roman city it once had been. The local authorities installed themselves in the remains of the amphitheatre. Carolingian rule brought relative peace, but feudal times in the 12th century brought local troubles, which lasted until the days of St. Louis. During that period Nîmes
Nîmes
was jointly administered by a lay power resident in the old amphitheatre, where lived the Viguier and the Knights of the Arena, and the religious power based in the Bishop's palace complex, around the cathedral, its chapter and the Bishop's house; meanwhile the city was represented by four Consuls, who sat in the Maison Carrée. Despite incessant feudal squabbling, Nîmes
Nîmes
saw some progress both in commerce and industry as well as in stock-breeding and associated activities. After the last effort by Raymond VII of Toulouse, St. Louis managed to establish royal power in the region which became Languedoc. Nîmes thus entered finally into the hands of the King of France.

Ruins at Nîmes, painting by Hubert Robert.

Period of invasions[edit] During the 14th and 15th centuries the Rhone Valley underwent an uninterrupted series of invasions which ruined the economy and caused famine. Customs were forgotten, religious troubles developed (see French Wars of Religion) and epidemics, all of which affected the city. Nîmes, which was one of the Protestant strongholds, felt the full force of repression and fratricidal confrontations (including the Michelade
Michelade
massacre) which continued until the middle of the 17th century, adding to the misery of periodic outbreaks of plague. 17th century to the French Revolution[edit] In the middle of the 17th century Nîmes
Nîmes
experienced a period of prosperity. Population growth caused the town to expand, and slum housing to be replaced. Also to this period dates the reconstruction of Notre-Dame-Saint-Castor, the Bishop's palace and numerous mansions (Hotels). This renaissance strengthened the manufacturing and industrial vocation of the city, the population rising from 21,000 to 50,000 inhabitants.

Les Quais de la Fontaine, the embankments of the spring that provided water for the city, the first civic gardens of France, were laid out in 1738–55.

Also in this period the Fountain gardens, the Quais de la Fontaine, were laid out, the areas surrounding the Maison Carrée
Maison Carrée
and the Amphitheatre were cleared of encroachments, whilst the entire population benefited from the atmosphere of prosperity. From the French Revolution to the present[edit] Following a European economic crisis that hit Nîmes
Nîmes
with full force, the Revolutionary period awoke slumbering demons of political and religious antagonism. The White Terror added to natural calamities and economic recession, produced murder, pillage and arson until 1815. Order was however restored in the course of the century, and Nîmes became the metropolis of Bas-Languedoc, diversifying its industry towards new kinds of activity. At the same time the surrounding countryside adapted to market needs and shared in the general increase of wealth. During the Second World War, Maquis resistance fighters Jean Robert and Vinicio Faïta were executed at Nîmes
Nîmes
on 22 April 1943. The Nîmes
Nîmes
marshaling yards were bombed by American bombers in 1944. The 2º Régiment Étranger d'Infanterie (2ºREI), the main motorised infantry regiment of the French Foreign Legion, is garrisoned in Nîmes
Nîmes
since 1984.[citation needed]

The Temple of Diana

The Augustan Gate

The Castellum divisorium on the aqueduct

Geography[edit] Climate[edit] Nîmes
Nîmes
is one of the warmest cities in France. The city has a Mediterranean climate
Mediterranean climate
(Köppen: Csa), being wetter than a typical Mediterranean climate, especially for its moderately rainy summers. Its slightly inland, southerly location results in hot air over the city during summer months, temperatures above 34 ºC are common in July and August, whereas winters are cool but not cold. Night temps under 0 ºC are common from December to February, while snowfall occurs every year.

Climate data for Nîmes
Nîmes
(1981–2010 averages, extremes 1922–present)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 21.5 (70.7) 23.8 (74.8) 27.3 (81.1) 30.7 (87.3) 34.7 (94.5) 39.1 (102.4) 38.8 (101.8) 41.6 (106.9) 35.4 (95.7) 31.9 (89.4) 26.1 (79) 20.6 (69.1) 41.6 (106.9)

Average high °C (°F) 11.0 (51.8) 12.4 (54.3) 16.0 (60.8) 18.6 (65.5) 23.0 (73.4) 27.5 (81.5) 31.0 (87.8) 30.5 (86.9) 25.7 (78.3) 20.4 (68.7) 14.5 (58.1) 11.3 (52.3) 20.2 (68.4)

Daily mean °C (°F) 6.8 (44.2) 7.8 (46) 10.9 (51.6) 13.5 (56.3) 17.5 (63.5) 21.7 (71.1) 24.9 (76.8) 24.4 (75.9) 20.3 (68.5) 16.0 (60.8) 10.5 (50.9) 7.4 (45.3) 15.2 (59.4)

Average low °C (°F) 2.7 (36.9) 3.2 (37.8) 5.8 (42.4) 8.3 (46.9) 12.1 (53.8) 15.8 (60.4) 18.7 (65.7) 18.4 (65.1) 14.9 (58.8) 11.5 (52.7) 6.5 (43.7) 3.6 (38.5) 10.2 (50.4)

Record low °C (°F) −12.2 (10) −14.0 (6.8) −6.8 (19.8) −2.0 (28.4) 1.1 (34) 5.4 (41.7) 10.0 (50) 9.2 (48.6) 5.4 (41.7) −1.0 (30.2) −4.8 (23.4) −9.7 (14.5) −14.0 (6.8)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 64.7 (2.547) 47.3 (1.862) 40.4 (1.591) 65.1 (2.563) 58.5 (2.303) 40.9 (1.61) 28.2 (1.11) 53.3 (2.098) 96.4 (3.795) 119.2 (4.693) 83.1 (3.272) 65.8 (2.591) 762.9 (30.035)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.7 5.2 4.9 6.8 5.9 4.4 2.8 3.8 5.2 7.0 6.8 5.8 64.2

Average snowy days 0.8 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.5 2.4

Average relative humidity (%) 71 68 63 63 64 61 56 60 67 73 72 72 65.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 141.6 166.3 222.2 229.8 262.0 311.0 341.1 301.6 239.0 166.6 147.9 134.0 2,662.9

Source #1: Météo France[9][10][11]

Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity 1961–1990)[12]

Sights[edit]

Tour Magne.

The Jardins de la Fontaine.

Several important remains of the Roman Empire
Roman Empire
can still be seen in and around Nîmes:

The elliptical Roman amphitheatre, of the 1st or 2nd century AD, is the best-preserved Roman arena in France. It was filled with medieval housing, when its walls served as ramparts, but they were cleared under Napoleon. It is still used as a bull fighting and concert arena. The Maison Carrée
Maison Carrée
(Square House), a small Roman temple
Roman temple
dedicated to sons of Agrippa was built c. 19 BC. It is one of the best-preserved Roman temples anywhere. Visitors can watch a short film about the history of Nîmes
Nîmes
inside. The 18th-century Jardins de la Fontaine (Gardens of the Fountain) built around the Roman thermae ruins. The nearby Pont du Gard, also built by Agrippa, is a well-preserved aqueduct that used to carry water across the small Gardon
Gardon
river valley. The nearby Mont Cavalier is crowned by the Tour Magne ("Great Tower"), a ruined Roman tower.[13]

Later monuments include:

The cathedral (dedicated to Saint Castor of Apt, a native of the city), occupying, it is believed, the site of the temple of Augustus, is partly Romanesque and partly Gothic in style. The Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nîmes

There is modern architecture at Nîmes
Nîmes
too: Norman Foster conceived the Carré d'art (1986), a museum of modern art and mediatheque; Jean Nouvel the Nemausus, a post-modern residential ensemble, and Kisho Kurokawa a building in the form of a hemicycle to reflect the Amphitheatre. Tree-shaded boulevards trace the foundations of its former city walls. Economy and infrastructure[edit] Nîmes
Nîmes
is historically known for its textiles. Denim, the fabric of blue jeans, derives its name from this city (Serge de Nîmes). Population[edit] The population of nimes increased from 128,471 in 1990 to 146,709 in 2012, yet the biggest growth the city ever experienced happened in 1968, with a growth of +23.5% compared to 1962.

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1793 40,000 —    

1800 39,594 −1.0%

1806 41,195 +4.0%

1821 37,908 −8.0%

1831 41,266 +8.9%

1841 44,697 +8.3%

1851 53,619 +20.0%

1861 57,129 +6.5%

1872 62,394 +9.2%

1881 63,552 +1.9%

1891 71,623 +12.7%

1901 80,605 +12.5%

1911 80,437 −0.2%

1921 82,774 +2.9%

1931 89,213 +7.8%

1936 93,758 +5.1%

1946 91,667 −2.2%

1954 89,130 −2.8%

1962 99,802 +12.0%

1968 123,292 +23.5%

1975 127,933 +3.8%

1982 124,220 −2.9%

1990 128,471 +3.4%

1999 133,424 +3.9%

2008 140,267 +5.1%

2012 146,709 +4.6%

Culture[edit] A pioneering mathematics journal, Annales de Gergonne, was published from Nîmes
Nîmes
from 1810 to 1822 by Joseph Gergonne. The asteroid 51 Nemausa
51 Nemausa
was named after Nîmes, where it was discovered in 1858. Two times per year, Nîmes
Nîmes
hosts one of the main French bullfighting events, Feria de Nîmes
Feria de Nîmes
(festival), and several hundreds of thousands gather in the streets. In 2005 Rammstein
Rammstein
filmed their #1 live Album Völkerball
Völkerball
in Nîmes, and are returning in 2017. Transportation[edit] Nîmes-Alès-Camargue- Cévennes
Cévennes
Airport serves the city. The Gare de Nîmes
Nîmes
is the central railway station, offering connections to Paris (high-speed rail), Marseille, Montpellier, Narbonne, Toulouse, Perpignan, Figueras
Figueras
in Spain
Spain
and several regional destinations. The motorway A9 connects Nîmes
Nîmes
with Orange, Montpellier, Narbonne, and Perpignan, the A54 with Arles
Arles
and Salon-de-Provence. There are plans to construct a high-speed TGV
TGV
line, Contournement Nîmes
Nîmes
Montpellier
Montpellier
linking Nîmes
Nîmes
and Montpellier
Montpellier
with the LGV Méditerranée.[14] Sport[edit] Ligue 2
Ligue 2
football team Nîmes Olympique
Nîmes Olympique
is based in Nîmes. The local rugby union team is RC Nîmes. There is a professional volleyball team located here. Olympic swimming champion Yannick Agnel
Yannick Agnel
was born in Nîmes. The city hosted the opening stages of the 2017 Vuelta a España cycling race. Mayors[edit]

Émile Jourdan, PCF (1965–1983) Jean Bousquet, UDF (1983–1995) Alain Clary, PCF (1995–2001) Jean-Paul Fournier, UMP (since 2001)

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in France Nîmes
Nîmes
is twinned with:

Preston, United Kingdom, since 1955.[15] Verona, Italy, since 1960. Braunschweig, Germany, since 1962.[16] Prague, Czech Republic, since 1967.

Frankfurt (Oder), Germany, since 1976. Salamanca, Spain, since 1979. Rishon LeZion, Israel, since 1986. Meknes, Morocco, since 2005.

See also[edit]

Costières de Nîmes
Nîmes
AOC Communes of the Gard
Gard
department Councils of Nîmes Feria de Nîmes List of works by James Pradier The works of Maxime Real del Sarte

References[edit]

INSEE

^ http://www.insee.fr/fr/themes/tableau.asp?reg_id=0&ref_id=nattef01204 ^ Frank Sear (1983). Roman Architecture. Cornell University Press. p. 213. ISBN 0-8014-9245-9.  ^ Trudy Ring; Noelle Watson; Paul Schellinger (28 October 2013). Northern Europe: International Dictionary of Historic Places. Taylor & Francis. p. 853. ISBN 978-1-136-63951-7.  ^ http://conservationengineers.org/conferences/2013presentations/Tuesday_Nimes_Aqueduct_GMihalevich.pdf ^ MobileReference (1 January 2007). Travel Barcelona, Spain
Spain
for Smartphones and Mobile Devices - City Guide, Phrasebook, and Maps. MobileReference. p. 428. ISBN 978-1-60501-059-5.  ^ Alain Veyrac, "Le symbolisme de l'as de Nîmes
Nîmes
au crocodile" Archéologie et histoire romaine vol. 1 (1998) (on-line text). ^ The Ancient Languages of Europe - Woodard - Google Books. Books.google.co.uk.  ^ Colin M. Kraay, "The Chronology of the coinage of Colonia Nemausus", Numismatic Chronicle 15 (1955), pp. 75-87. ^ "Données climatiques de la station de Nîmes" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 7, 2016.  ^ "Climat Languedoc-Roussillon" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved January 7, 2016.  ^ "Nimes–Courbessac (30)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 March 2018. Retrieved 30 March 2018.  ^ "Normes et records 1961-1990: Nimes-Courbessac (30) - altitude 59m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved January 7, 2016.  ^ Giving rise to the example of rime richissime Gall, amant de la Reine, alla (tour magnanime)/ Gallament de l'Arène a la Tour Magne, à Nîmes, or "Gall, lover opf the Queen, passed (magnanimous gesture), gallantly from the Arena to the Tour Magne at Nîmes". ^ "Railway Gazette: Southern LGV projects make progress". Retrieved 14 February 2011.  ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11.  ^ "Braunschweigs Partner und Freundschaftsstädte" [ Braunschweig
Braunschweig
- Partner and Friendship Cities]. Stadt Braunschweig
Braunschweig
[City of Braunschweig] (in German). Archived from the original on 2012-12-01. Retrieved 2013-08-07. 

Further reading[edit] See also: Bibliography of the history of Nîmes

"Nismes", A Handbook for Travellers in France
France
(8th ed.), London: J. Murray, 1861  "Nimes", The Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.), New York: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1910, OCLC 14782424  "Nimes", Southern France, including Corsica (6th ed.), Leipzig: Baedeker, 1914 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Nîmes.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Nîmes.

2° Régiment étranger d'infanterie Practical Guide to Nîmes
Nîmes
Airport City council website The official Web site of Roman Nîmes Images of Roman remains of Nîmes Photogallery of Nîmes Regordane Info – The independent portal for The Regordane Way or St Gilles Trail The Regordane passes through Nîmes. (in English and French)

v t e

Communes of the Gard
Gard
department

Aigaliers Aigremont Aigues-Mortes Aigues-Vives Aiguèze Aimargues Alès Allègre-les-Fumades Alzon Anduze Les Angles Aramon Argilliers Arpaillargues-et-Aureillac Arphy Arre Arrigas Aspères Aubais Aubord Aubussargues Aujac Aujargues Aulas Aumessas Avèze Bagard Bagnols-sur-Cèze Barjac Baron La Bastide-d'Engras Beaucaire Beauvoisin Bellegarde Belvézet Bernis Bessèges Bez-et-Esparon Bezouce Blandas Blauzac Boisset-et-Gaujac Boissières Bonnevaux Bordezac Boucoiran-et-Nozières Bouillargues Bouquet Bourdic Bragassargues Branoux-les-Taillades Bréau-et-Salagosse Brignon Brouzet-lès-Alès Brouzet-lès-Quissac La Bruguière Cabrières La Cadière-et-Cambo Le Cailar Caissargues La Calmette Calvisson Campestre-et-Luc Canaules-et-Argentières Cannes-et-Clairan La Capelle-et-Masmolène Cardet Carnas Carsan Cassagnoles Castelnau-Valence Castillon-du-Gard Causse-Bégon Caveirac Cavillargues Cendras Chambon Chamborigaud Chusclan Clarensac Codognan Codolet Collias Collorgues Colognac Combas Comps Concoules Congénies Connaux Conqueyrac Corbès Corconne Cornillon Courry Crespian Cros Cruviers-Lascours Deaux Dions Domazan Domessargues Dourbies Durfort-et-Saint-Martin-de-Sossenac Estézargues L'Estréchure Euzet Flaux Foissac Fons Fons-sur-Lussan Fontanès Fontarèches Fournès Fourques Fressac Gagnières Gailhan Gajan Gallargues-le-Montueux Le Garn Garons Garrigues-Sainte-Eulalie Gaujac Générac Générargues Génolhac Goudargues La Grand-Combe Le Grau-du-Roi Issirac Jonquières-Saint-Vincent Junas Lamelouze Langlade Lanuéjols Lasalle Laudun-l'Ardoise Laval-Pradel Laval-Saint-Roman Lecques Lédenon Lédignan Lézan Liouc Lirac Logrian-Florian Lussan Les Mages Malons-et-Elze Mandagout Manduel Marguerittes Mars Martignargues Le Martinet Maruéjols-lès-Gardon Massanes Massillargues-Attuech Mauressargues Méjannes-le-Clap Méjannes-lès-Alès Meynes Meyrannes Mialet Milhaud Molières-Cavaillac Molières-sur-Cèze Monoblet Mons Montagnac Montaren-et-Saint-Médiers Montclus Montdardier Monteils Montfaucon Montfrin Montignargues Montmirat Montpezat Moulézan Moussac Mus Nages-et-Solorgues Navacelles Ners Nîmes Notre-Dame-de-la-Rouvière Orsan Orthoux-Sérignac-Quilhan Parignargues Peyremale Peyrolles Le Pin Les Plans Les Plantiers Pommiers Pompignan Ponteils-et-Brésis Pont-Saint-Esprit Portes Potelières Pougnadoresse Poulx Pouzilhac Puechredon Pujaut Quissac Redessan Remoulins Revens Ribaute-les-Tavernes Rivières Robiac-Rochessadoule Rochefort-du-Gard Rochegude Rodilhan Rogues Roquedur Roquemaure La Roque-sur-Cèze Rousson La Rouvière Sabran Saint-Alexandre Saint-Ambroix Saint-André-de-Majencoules Saint-André-de-Roquepertuis Saint-André-de-Valborgne Saint-André-d'Olérargues Saint-Bauzély Saint-Bénézet Saint-Bonnet-de-Salendrinque Saint-Bonnet-du-Gard Saint-Brès Saint-Bresson Saint-Césaire-de-Gauzignan Saint-Chaptes Saint-Christol-de-Rodières Saint-Christol-lès-Alès Saint-Clément Saint-Côme-et-Maruéjols Saint-Denis Saint-Dézéry Saint-Dionisy Sainte-Anastasie Sainte-Cécile-d'Andorge Sainte-Croix-de-Caderle Saint-Étienne-de-l'Olm Saint-Étienne-des-Sorts Saint-Félix-de-Pallières Saint-Florent-sur-Auzonnet Saint-Geniès-de-Comolas Saint-Geniès-de-Malgoirès Saint-Gervais Saint-Gervasy Saint-Gilles Saint-Hilaire-de-Brethmas Saint-Hilaire-d'Ozilhan Saint-Hippolyte-de-Caton Saint-Hippolyte-de-Montaigu Saint-Hippolyte-du-Fort Saint-Jean-de-Ceyrargues Saint-Jean-de-Crieulon Saint-Jean-de-Maruéjols-et-Avéjan Saint-Jean-de-Serres Saint-Jean-de-Valériscle Saint-Jean-du-Gard Saint-Jean-du-Pin Saint-Julien-de-Cassagnas Saint-Julien-de-la-Nef Saint-Julien-de-Peyrolas Saint-Julien-les-Rosiers Saint-Just-et-Vacquières Saint-Laurent-d'Aigouze Saint-Laurent-de-Carnols Saint-Laurent-des-Arbres Saint-Laurent-la-Vernède Saint-Laurent-le-Minier Saint-Mamert-du-Gard Saint-Marcel-de-Careiret Saint-Martial Saint-Martin-de-Valgalgues Saint-Maurice-de-Cazevieille Saint-Maximin Saint-Michel-d'Euzet Saint-Nazaire Saint-Nazaire-des-Gardies Saint-Paulet-de-Caisson Saint-Paul-la-Coste Saint-Paul-les-Fonts Saint-Pons-la-Calm Saint-Privat-de-Champclos Saint-Privat-des-Vieux Saint-Quentin-la-Poterie Saint-Roman-de-Codières Saint-Sauveur-Camprieu Saint-Sébastien-d'Aigrefeuille Saint-Siffret Saint-Théodorit Saint-Victor-de-Malcap Saint-Victor-des-Oules Saint-Victor-la-Coste Salazac Salindres Salinelles Les Salles-du-Gardon Sanilhac-Sagriès Sardan Saumane Sauve Sauveterre Sauzet Savignargues Saze Sénéchas Sernhac Servas Serviers-et-Labaume Seynes Sommières Soudorgues Soustelle Souvignargues Sumène Tavel Tharaux Théziers Thoiras Tornac Tresques Trèves Uchaud Uzès Vabres Vallabrègues Vallabrix Vallérargues Valleraugue Valliguières Vauvert Vénéjan Verfeuil Vergèze La Vernarède Vers-Pont-du-Gard Vestric-et-Candiac Vézénobres Vic-le-Fesq Le Vigan Villeneuve-lès-Avignon Villevieille Vissec

v t e

Prefectures of departments of France

Bourg-en-Bresse
Bourg-en-Bresse
(Ain) Laon
Laon
(Aisne) Moulins (Allier) Digne-les-Bains
Digne-les-Bains
(Alpes-de-Haute-Provence) Gap (Hautes-Alpes) Nice
Nice
(Alpes-Maritimes) Privas
Privas
(Ardèche) Charleville-Mézières
Charleville-Mézières
(Ardennes) Foix
Foix
(Ariège) Troyes
Troyes
(Aube) Carcassonne
Carcassonne
(Aude) Rodez
Rodez
(Aveyron) Marseille
Marseille
(Bouches-du-Rhône) Caen
Caen
(Calvados) Aurillac
Aurillac
(Cantal) Angoulême
Angoulême
(Charente) La Rochelle
La Rochelle
(Charente-Maritime) Bourges
Bourges
(Cher) Tulle
Tulle
(Corrèze) Ajaccio
Ajaccio
(Corse-du-Sud) Bastia
Bastia
(Haute-Corse) Dijon
Dijon
(Côte-d'Or) Saint-Brieuc
Saint-Brieuc
(Côtes-d'Armor) Guéret
Guéret
(Creuse) Périgueux
Périgueux
(Dordogne) Besançon
Besançon
(Doubs) Valence (Drôme) Évreux
Évreux
(Eure) Chartres
Chartres
(Eure-et-Loir) Quimper
Quimper
(Finistère) Nîmes
Nîmes
(Gard) Toulouse
Toulouse
(Haute-Garonne) Auch
Auch
(Gers) Bordeaux
Bordeaux
(Gironde) Montpellier
Montpellier
(Hérault) Rennes
Rennes
(Ille-et-Vilaine) Châteauroux
Châteauroux
(Indre) Tours
Tours
(Indre-et-Loire) Grenoble
Grenoble
(Isère) Lons-le-Saunier
Lons-le-Saunier
(Jura) Mont-de-Marsan
Mont-de-Marsan
(Landes) Blois
Blois
(Loir-et-Cher) Saint-Étienne
Saint-Étienne
(Loire) Le Puy-en-Velay
Le Puy-en-Velay
(Haute-Loire) Nantes
Nantes
(Loire-Atlantique) Orléans
Orléans
(Loiret) Cahors
Cahors
(Lot) Agen
Agen
(Lot-et-Garonne) Mende (Lozère) Angers
Angers
(Maine-et-Loire) Saint-Lô
Saint-Lô
(Manche) Châlons-en-Champagne
Châlons-en-Champagne
(Marne) Chaumont (Haute-Marne) Laval (Mayenne) Nancy (Meurthe-et-Moselle) Bar-le-Duc
Bar-le-Duc
(Meuse) Vannes
Vannes
(Morbihan) Metz
Metz
(Moselle) Nevers
Nevers
(Nièvre) Lille
Lille
(Nord) Beauvais
Beauvais
(Oise) Alençon
Alençon
(Orne) Arras
Arras
(Pas-de-Calais) Clermont-Ferrand
Clermont-Ferrand
(Puy-de-Dôme) Pau (Pyrénées-Atlantiques) Tarbes
Tarbes
(Hautes-Pyrénées) Perpignan
Perpignan
(Pyrénées-Orientales) Strasbourg
Strasbourg
(Bas-Rhin) Colmar
Colmar
(Haut-Rhin) Lyon
Lyon
(Rhône) Vesoul
Vesoul
(Haute-Saône) Mâcon
Mâcon
(Saône-et-Loire) Le Mans
Le Mans
(Sarthe) Chambéry
Chambéry
(Savoie) Annecy
Annecy
(Haute-Savoie) Paris
Paris
(Paris) Rouen
Rouen
(Seine-Maritime) Melun
Melun
(Seine-et-Marne) Versailles (Yvelines) Niort
Niort
(Deux-Sèvres) Amiens
Amiens
(Somme) Albi
Albi
(Tarn) Montauban
Montauban
(Tarn-et-Garonne) Toulon
Toulon
(Var) Avignon
Avignon
(Vaucluse) La Roche-sur-Yon
La Roche-sur-Yon
(Vendée) Poitiers
Poitiers
(Vienne) Limoges
Limoges
(Haute-Vienne) Épinal
Épinal
(Vosges) Auxerre
Auxerre
(Yonne) Belfort
Belfort
(Territoire de Belfort) Évry (Essonne) Nanterre
Nanterre
(Hauts-de-Seine) Bobigny
Bobigny
(Seine-Saint-Denis) Créteil
Créteil
(Val-de-Marne) Cergy, Pontoise
Pontoise
(Val-d'Oise)

Overseas departments

Basse-Terre
Basse-Terre
(Guadeloupe) Fort-de- France
France
(Martinique) Cayenne
Cayenne
(French Guiana) Saint-Denis (Réunion) Mamoudzou
Mamoudzou
(Mayotte)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 131295776 LCCN: n81011188 ISNI: 0000 0001 1172 3747 GND: 4117890-7 SUDOC: 026550229 BNF:

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