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Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
is a fantasy novel by British writer Robert Holdstock, published in the United Kingdom in 1984. The conception began as a short story written for the 1979 Milford Writer's Workshop; later a novella of the same name appeared in the September 1981 edition of The Magazine of Fantasy
Fantasy
& Science Fiction. The full-length novel retained the same name and was subsequently released, beginning a series of novels referred to collectively as the " Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
cycle" or "Ryhope Wood series".[1] Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
is set in Herefordshire, England, in and around a stand of ancient woodland, known as Ryhope Wood. The story involves the internally estranged members of the Huxley family, particularly Stephen Huxley, and his experiences with the enigmatic forest and its magical inhabitants. Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
is a type of fantasy literature, especially the fantasy subgenre of mythic fiction. It has received critical acclaim because of its prose, its forest setting, and its exploration of philosophical, spiritual and psychological themes. Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
won the World Fantasy
Fantasy
Award for Best Novel
Novel
in 1985.

Contents

1 Ryhope wood 2 Plot summary 3 Human characters 4 Mythagos 5 Literary significance and criticism

5.1 Prose style 5.2 Philosophical and psychological elements 5.3 Spiritual elements 5.4 Subject and setting

6 Awards 7 Chronology of works in the Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
cycle 8 See also 9 References 10 Sources 11 External links

Ryhope wood[edit] Ryhope wood is a fantasy world or fictional realm created by Robert Holdstock for his novella Mythago Wood, published during 1981, though it became more famous after his novel Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
was first published in 1984. The novels and novellas (but not short stories) in the Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
cycle (see subsection below) are all set in the world of Ryhope Wood, with the exception of Merlin's Wood, which is set in a similarly magical "sister wood" of Brocéliande
Brocéliande
in Brittany. Ryhope Wood is an ancient woodland that has been undisturbed since the last ice age and appears no more than three square miles in area from the outside. Ryhope Wood is an example of a parallel universe that overlaps a section of the real world. The wood is much, much bigger on the inside than on the outside. Once penetrated, it grows larger, older and more unbearable as one approaches the heart of the wood.[2][3] Lavondyss
Lavondyss
is the name of the remote ice-age heart of Ryhope wood.[3] The forest is referred to by John Clute
John Clute
as an "abyssal chthonic resonator" because it creates and is home to myth-images, or mythagos, who are creatures (including animals, monsters and humans) generated from the ancient memories and myths within the subconscious of nearby human minds.[4] The book itself defines a mythago as a "myth imago, the image of the idealized form of a myth creature". Mythagos are dangerously real, but if any of them stray too far from the wood they slowly deteriorate and die. Because they are formed from human myths, they vary in appearance and character depending on the human memories from which they formed. For example, there may be, over a period, many different forms of King Arthur, Robin Hood, Herne the Hunter
Herne the Hunter
and others, all looking and acting differently, yet all with the same basic functions and all acting by the rules set by their defining myths.[5] Because the area around Ryhope Wood is sparsely populated there are few mythagos in the woodland, but because of his interest in the wood and his deliberate experiments in the 1930s George Huxley has succeeded in creating more mythagos than would normally be present in the wood at any one time, causing a greater than usual diversity within the wood. It is revealed in The Hollowing, a sequel, that mythagos may be created by conscious thought and are drawn to their creators. Besides creating mythagos of living, breathing creatures, the wood can also generate ancient archetypal places, from castles to battlefields to ancient villages. These are referred to as Geistzones in Lavondyss, the sequel to Mythago Wood. The wood contains four tracks that lead to the heart of the wood and travellers who do not follow these tracks have extreme difficulty penetrating the wood. In addition to the four tracks Ryhope Wood contains "Hollowings", described as an "absence of magic" or pathways under the world. Hollowings function as wormholes by transporting mythagos and real human beings through space and time within the forest. Time travel
Time travel
occurs when travellers pass through Hollowings. Ryhope Wood magically repels outsiders by various means, including disorientation and physical defences such as thick, impenetrable scrub, huge lakes and raging rivers. There are also airborne defences to prevent aircraft from getting too close, such as vortices of air or air elementals that throw an aircraft off course. The wood has a slower rate of time than the outside world. For example, a day may pass in normal time, yet a traveller within the wood may have been there for weeks or longer. In addition, "Time Slows," areas subjected to extraordinarily slow passage of time, are revealed in The Hollowing. Plot summary[edit] The events of Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
occur between 1946 and 1948. Stephen Huxley returns from service (after recuperating from his war wounds) to see his elder brother Christian, who now lives alone in their childhood home, Oak Lodge, just on the edge of Ryhope Wood. Their father, George, has died recently (their mother, Jennifer, died some years earlier). Christian is disturbed but intrigued by his encounters with one of the mythagos, while Stephen is confused and disbelieving when Christian explains the enigma of the wood. Both had seen mythagos as children, but their father explained them away as travelling Gypsies. Christian returns to the wood for longer and longer periods, eventually assuming a mythical role himself. In the meantime Stephen reads about his father's and Edward Wynne-Jones's studies of the wood. Part of his research on the wood causes him to contact Wynne-Jones's daughter, Anne Hayden. Stephen also meets a local man named Harry Keeton, a burn-scarred ex- RAF
RAF
pilot, who encountered a similar wood when he was shot down over France and has since been trying to find a city that he saw there. Stephen and Harry try to survey and photograph Ryhope Wood from the air, but their small plane is buffeted back by inexplicable winds each time they try to fly over the trees. Stephen soon has his own encounters with the woodland mythagos (and an older Christian) and eventually, to save both his brother and a mythago girl named Guiwenneth (also referred to as Gwyneth or Gwyn), he ventures deep into the wood, accompanied by Harry.[6][7] Human characters[edit]

Anne Hayden: Edward Wynne-Jones’s daughter, who is in her mid-30s during the events of Mythago Wood. Christian Huxley: Older brother of Stephen Huxley, who enters Ryhope Wood as an "Outsider" and plays havoc in the woodland. George Huxley: Father of both Stephen and Christian. George died while in his mid-50s from a deteriorating lung disease. It is revealed in The Hollowing
The Hollowing
and The Bone Forest
The Bone Forest
that George was a tall lean man, a psychologist who studied with Carl Jung. He also studied archaeology and became obsessed with myths. Over the course of his studies of Ryhope Wood he produced a scientific journal in six volumes, a personal diary and a detailed map of the wood. Jennifer Huxley: Wife of George, and mother of Stephen and Christian. She is mentioned briefly in Mythago Wood, but her suicide becomes a major issue in Gate of Ivory, Gate of Horn. Stephen Huxley: The main character of the story, born in 1927 or 1928. Harry Keeton: An ex- RAF
RAF
pilot who accompanies Stephen into Ryhope Wood. Edward Wynne-Jones: A researcher in historical anthropology who teaches at the University of Oxford. Wynne-Jones is a diminutive and fussy man who smokes a pipe. He is about the same age as George Huxley. Together Wynne-Jones and George Huxley study Ryhope Wood extensively during the 1930s. Wynne-Jones makes scientific equipment designed to interact with the paranormal in Ryhope Wood. Wynne-Jones disappears into Ryhope Wood in April 1942.

Mythagos[edit]

Cúchulainn: This male mythago is a hunter with a large hunting dog who encounters Stephen outside Oak Lodge. Cuchulainn's dog leads Stephen to the buried corpse of an early incarnation of the Guiwenneth mythago. The Fenlander: This male mythago is a skilled warrior who commands a group of mythago warriors known as Hawks. The Fenlander and the Hawks serve as Christian's personal bodyguards as he travels to the heart of Ryhope Wood. Guiwenneth of the Green (also Gwyneth): This female mythago, usually evoked as an older teenager, is from the Bronze Age
Bronze Age
and appears in various incarnations throughout time, including proto-myth, a girl from Roman Britain, a manifestation of the Earth goddess, a young Celtic warrior princess and Guinevere.[8] Gwyneth's incarnations have varied personalities, some dangerous and others alluring, and differing relations with the members of the Huxley family and Harry Keeton. Sorthalen: This male mythago is a shaman or necromancer who can create and control mythagos, including sylphs, or air elementals. He is also known by the name Freya, meaning "friend". Twigling: This male mythago has red hair and a crown of twigs. He lingers near the edge of Ryhope Wood. Urscumug: This man-boar male mythago is a representation of the first hero from earliest myth. The Urscumug was generated purposely by George Huxley. The Urscumug is twice the height of an adult human being, and is a malevolent and ancient variation on the woodwose.

The English definition of "twigling" is "child" or "children" which is the same in both its plural and singular form. Literary significance and criticism[edit] Within the fantasy genre Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
has drawn critical attention for a variety of reasons over a span of years. Orson Scott Card
Orson Scott Card
described it as "for readers who are willing to take the time and effort to let a writer evoke a whole and believable world, peopled with living characters".[9] Richard Mathews, a literary scholar, states that the Ryhope Wood series is considered to be "one of the landmark fantasy series of the late twentieth century".[10] Another scholar asserts that Holdstock’s work stands apart from “genre fantasy” and that “The sequence as a whole is a central contribution to late-20th-century fantasy”.[11] In one study of Tolkien's work Holdstock is placed in a quartet of noteworthy fantasy authors, alongside Ursula K. Le Guin, John Crowley
John Crowley
and Marion Zimmer Bradley, for writing fantasy books that almost have Tolkien's breadth and depth of imagination, and "in some respects surpass Tolkien".[12] Another Tolkien
Tolkien
scholar, Michael D. C. Drout, also asserts that Holdstock's fantasy is significant in the fantasy literature genre because in the Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
cycle Holdstock has created literary works containing the power and aesthetic standards of Tolkien’s fantasy without being either a "close imitation of" or a "reaction against" Tolkien.[13] Prose style[edit] A second type of critical praise and analysis focuses on the quality of the writing. Richard Mathews expresses the opinion that Holdstock’s writing is an impressive mixture of poetic style and sensitivity.[10] John Howe, a modern fantasy illustrator, wrote that " Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
is a wonderful book written with great style, insight and individuality".[14] A decade after Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
was published Brian Aldiss
Brian Aldiss
stated that Holdstock's books were full of ancient power, unrivalled throughout the 1980s.[15] Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
is also noted for its pairing of sexuality and violence, and has been called “an earthy, tactile, deeply mythological tale set in an English wood.”[16] In Horror: The 100 Best Books Michael Moorcock
Michael Moorcock
asserts that "Holdstock avoids sentimentality ... by offering us tougher questions, moral dilemmas, an imagined world far more complex than anything found in the wood's precursors".[17] Philosophical and psychological elements[edit] The philosophical and psychological elements of the Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
cycle have also attracted commentary. The mechanism of mythagos being created from the subconscious ties in with Carl Jung’s understanding of the psyche. The mythagos embody Jungian archetypes since they are dependent on the subconscious, not on distinct memory. Kim Newman notes that the series offers “mind-stretching meditation on the nature of collective imagination".[18] Nicholas Riddick states that "Robert Holdstock's Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
can be read as a journey into the heartland of the psyche."[19] The story is also considered an "inward spiral" in which the protagonists undergo cruel and devastating metamorphoses in a difficult setting.[11] Brian Aldiss
Brian Aldiss
has written that "Ryhope Wood [is] that terrifying metaphor for our mental labyrinths" in which "phylogeny presides over ontogeny" with regard to an individual's history and destiny.[20] Freudian psychology also appears in the narrative when Stephen and Christian encounter the Urscumug, who displays characteristics of their father.[21] Spiritual elements[edit] The interior of Ryhope wood is a pre-Christian British setting in which pagan and shamanistic rituals are common, and one scholar notes that death and mortal remains are prominent and disturbing part of these works.[22] Along the same lines, it is noted that Mythago Wood might convey a more disturbing side of shamanism than other fantasy.[23] One critical study examines the pagan spiritual aspect of Mythago Wood, in particular how "elements of the series' thesis resonate with pagan worldviews". This is not because Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
is specifically written for pagans, but because the mechanisms of Ryhope Wood defy science and allow for events that are readily recognizable to pagans.[24] Subject and setting[edit] The setting of a myth-rich magical Celtic wood itself, along with its existence side by side with the modern everyday world, are characteristics of particular interest to critics. For example, in a recent study of the fantasy genre Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
and Lavondyss
Lavondyss
have been described as works of pure fantasy that take place in an innovative and startlingly ordinary realm.[10] According to one modern Tolkien scholar, Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
and Lavondyss
Lavondyss
have an internally consistent framework of principles, and deal with the traditions of the British Isles with originality and deftness by incorporating its unwritten culture. These elements of culture include Morris dances, the Green Man, shamanism, Neolithic
Neolithic
tribespeople and pre-Roman Celtic traditions.[22] Michael Moorcock
Michael Moorcock
finds Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
notable for focusing on the subject of unity, including both the unity of the landscape and its inhabitants as well as the unity of dreams and the environment. Moorcock notes Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
is influenced by The Golden Bough, modern anthropology and the writer Arthur Machen. Moorcock also observes common elements in Mythago Wood, Ursula K. Le Guin's "low fantasy" novel The Beginning Place
The Beginning Place
and George Meredith's poem The Woods of Westermain.[25] Awards[edit]

The novella Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
won the BSFA Award for Best Short in 1981 The novella Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
won the World Fantasy
Fantasy
Award for Best Novel
Novel
in 1985 The full-length novel Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
won the BSFA Award for Best Novel in 1984 The full-length novel Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
won the World Fantasy
Fantasy
Award for Best Novel
Novel
in 1985. La Forêt des Mythagos, i.e. the Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
collection, won the Grand Prix de l'Imaginaire in the category of Prix spécial in 2003. Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
was published as part of the Masterpieces of Fantasy series by Easton Press, who describe themselves as releasing 'works of lasting meaning, beauty and importance.'

Chronology of works in the Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
cycle[edit] The order in which the Mythago cycle works were written and published does not correspond to the order of events within the realm of the cycle. For example, Gate of Ivory, Gate of Horn
Gate of Ivory, Gate of Horn
and the novella The Bone Forest are prequels to Mythago Wood, but were published at a later date. The novel Merlin's Wood
Merlin's Wood
(1994) and short stories in The Bone Forest and Merlin's Wood
Merlin's Wood
have little bearing on events in Ryhope Wood. See the table below for a chronology of events within Ryhope Wood.

Preceded by: Chronology of Events in Ryhope Wood: Followed by:

Gate of Ivory, Gate of Horn Mythago Wood Avilion

See also[edit]

Enchanted forest Mythopoeia

References[edit]

^ Newman, Kim St. James Guide to Fantasy
Fantasy
Writers, ed. David Pringle (Detroit: St. James Press, 1996), pages 285-286. ^ Langford, David Supernatural Fiction Writers, Second Edition, Volume 1, ed. Richard Bleiler (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2003), pages 445-453. ^ a b Clute, John Look at the Evidence: Essays & Reviews, (Ann Arbor: Liverpool University Press, 1995), page 111. This essay originally appeared in the May/June 1989 (issue 29) magazine Interzone. ^ Clute, John Look at the Evidence: Essays & Reviews, (Ann Arbor: Liverpool University Press, 1995), page 111. This essay was published originally in the May/June 1989 (issue 29) magazine Interzone. ^ Moorcock, Michael Horror: The 100 Best Books, ed. Jones, Stephen and Newman, Kim, (New York: Carroll & Graf Publishers, Inc, 1998), page 274 ^ Larson, Eugene Classics of Science Fiction and Fantasy
Fantasy
Literature, ed. Fiona Kelleghan (Pasadena: Salem Press, 2002), pages 381-384. ^ The Encyclopedia of Fantasy, eds. John Clute
John Clute
and John Grant (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997), pages 474-475, 674. ^ Pringle, David Modern Fantasy: The Hundred Best novels: An English-Language Selection, 1946-1987, (New York: Peter Bedrick Books, 1989), page 241. ^ "The Light Fantastic", If, September 1986, pp.28 ^ a b c Mathews, Richard. Fantasy: The Liberation of Imagination. (New York: Routledge, 2002), pages 34-35, 188. ^ a b The Encyclopedia of Fantasy, ed. John Clute
John Clute
and John Grant (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1997), pages 475. ^ Curry, Patrick Defending Middle-Earth: Tolkien: Myth
Myth
and Modernity, (New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2004), pages 132-133 ^ Drout, Michael D.C. Of Sorcerers and Men: Tolkien
Tolkien
and the Roots of Modern Fantasy
Fantasy
Literature, (China: Barnes & Noble Publishing, 2006), page 56. ^ Jude, Dick Fantasy
Fantasy
Art Masters: The Best Fantasy
Fantasy
and Science Fiction Artists and How They Work, (London: HarperCollins, 1999), page 43. ^ Aldiss, Brian, Modes of the Fantastic: Selected Essays from the Twelfth International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts (Contributions to the Study of Science Fiction and Fantasy), ed. Latham, Robert A., and Collins, Robert A., (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995), page 173. ^ Datlow, Ellen, and Windling, Terri, Sirens and Other Daemon Lovers: Magical Tales of Love and Seduction. (New York: Eos, 2002), page xxii-xxiii. ^ Moorcock, Michael Horror: The 100 Best Books, ed. Jones, Stephen, and Newman, Kim (New York: Carrol & Graf Publishers, Inc, 1998), page 274 ^ Newman, Kim St James Guide to Fantasy
Fantasy
Writers, ed. David Pringle (London and Detroit: St James Press, 1996), pages 286. ^ Ruddick, Nicholas State of the Fantastic: Studies in the Theory and Practice of Fantastic Literature and Film (Contributions to the Study of Science Fiction and Fantasy), (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), page 46. ^ Holdstock, Robert The Mythago Cycle Volume 1: A Ryhope Wood Omnibus, Preface by Brian Aldiss
Brian Aldiss
(London: Gollancz, 2007). ^ Langford, David Supernatural Fiction Writers, Second Edition, Volume 1, ed. Richard Bleiler (New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2003), pages 447. ^ a b Drout, Michael D.C. Of Sorcerers and Men: Tolkien
Tolkien
and the Roots of Modern Fantasy
Fantasy
Literature. (China: Barnes & Noble, 2006), page 56. ^ Harvey, Graham Shamanism: A Reader, (London: Routlege, 2002), page 447. ^ Harvey, Graham, Popular Spiritualities: The Politics of Contemporary Enchantment, eds. Hume, Lynne and Mcphillips, Kathleen, (Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 2006), page 46. ^ Wizardry and Wild Romance: A Study of Epic Fantasy, Moorcock, Michael (London: Victor Gollancz, 1987), page 65.

Sources[edit]

Aldiss, Brian (1995). Modes of the Fantastic: Selected Essays from the Twelfth International Conference on the Fantastic in the Arts (Contributions to the Study of Science Fiction and Fantasy) (1st ed.). Greenport, CT: Greenwood Press.  Clute, John (1997). The Encyclopedia of Fantasy
Fantasy
(1st ed.). New York: St. Martin's Press. ISBN 978-0-312-19869-5.  Clute, John (1995). Look at the Evidence (1st ed.). Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. ISBN 0-85323-830-8.  Curry, Patrick (2004). Defending Middle Earth" Tolkien" Myth
Myth
and Modernity (1st ed.). New York: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 978-0-618-47885-9.  Datlow, Ellen (2002). The Green Man: Tales from the Mythic Forest (1st ed.). New York: Viking Juvenile. ISBN 978-0-670-03526-7.  Datlow, Ellen (2002). Sirens and Other Daemon Lovers: Magical Tales of Love and Seduction (1st ed.). New York: Eos. ISBN 0-06-105782-7.  Drout, Michael (2006). Of Sorcerers and Men: Tolkien
Tolkien
and the Roots of Modern Fantasy
Fantasy
Literature (1st ed.). China: Barnes & Noble. ISBN 978-0-7607-8523-2.  Graham, Harvey (2002). Shamanism: A Reader (1st ed.). London: Routlege. ISBN 978-0-415-25329-1.  Graham, Harvey (2006). Popular Spiritualities: The Politics of Contemporary Enchantment (1st ed.). Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7546-3999-2.  Jones, Stephen (1998). Horror: The 100 Best Books (2nd ed.). New York: Carroll & Graf. ISBN 0-7867-0552-3.  Jude, Dick (1999). Fantasy
Fantasy
Art Masters: The Best Fantasy
Fantasy
and Science Fiction Artists Show How They Work (1st ed.). London: HarperCollins. ISBN 0-8230-1636-6.  Langford, David (2003). Supernatural Fiction Writers (2nd ed.). New York: Charles Scribner's Sons. ISBN 978-0-684-31251-4.  Larson, Eugene (2002). Classics of Science Fiction and Fantasy Literature (1st ed.). Pasadena: Salem Press. ISBN 978-1-58765-051-2.  Mathews, Richard (2002). Fantasy: The Liberation of Imagination (1st ed.). New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-93890-2.  Mendlesohn, Farah (2008). Rhetorics of Fantasy
Fantasy
(1st ed.). Middletown, CT: Wesleyan University Press. ISBN 978-0-8195-6867-0.  Mendlesohn, Farah; James, Edward (2009). A Short History of Fantasy (1st ed.). London: Middlesex University Press. ISBN 978-1-904750-68-0.  Moorcock, Michael (1987). Wizardry and Wild Romance: A study of epic fantasy (1st ed.). London: Victor Gollancz. ISBN 0-575-04147-1.  Morse, Donald E.; Matolcsy, Kalman (2011). The Mythic Fantasy
Fantasy
of Robert Holdstock: Critical Essays on the Fiction (1st ed.). London: McFarland & Company, Inc. ISBN 978-0-7864-4942-2.  Newman, Kim (1996). St. James Guide to Fantasy
Fantasy
Writers (1st ed.). Detroit: St. James Press. ISBN 978-1-55862-205-0.  Pringle, David (1988). Modern fantasy: the hundred best novels: an English language selection, 1946-1987 (1st ed.). London: Grafton Books. ISBN 0-87226-219-7.  Ruddick, Nicholas (1992). State of the Fantastic: Studies in the Theory and Practice of Fantastic Literature and Film (Contributions to the Study of Science Fiction and Fantasy) (1st ed.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 978-0-313-27853-2. 

External links[edit]

Mythago Wood: the official website of Robert Holdstock
Robert Holdstock
(last accessed Feb 3, 2010) Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
title listing at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database (last accessed Feb 3, 2010) The SF Site series review by Steven H. Silver (last accessed Feb 3, 2010)

v t e

World Fantasy
Fantasy
Award—Novel

1975–2000

The Forgotten Beasts of Eld by Patricia A. McKillip
Patricia A. McKillip
(1975) Bid Time
Time
Return by Richard Matheson
Richard Matheson
(1976) Doctor Rat by William Kotzwinkle (1977) Our Lady of Darkness
Our Lady of Darkness
by Fritz Leiber
Fritz Leiber
(1978) Gloriana by Michael Moorcock
Michael Moorcock
(1979) Watchtower by Elizabeth A. Lynn (1980) The Shadow of the Torturer by Gene Wolfe (1981) Little, Big
Little, Big
by John Crowley
John Crowley
(1982) Nifft the Lean by Michael Shea (1983) The Dragon Waiting
The Dragon Waiting
by John M. Ford
John M. Ford
(1984) Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
by Robert Holdstock
Robert Holdstock
(1985, tie) Bridge of Birds
Bridge of Birds
by Barry Hughart (1985, tie) Song of Kali
Song of Kali
by Dan Simmons (1986) Perfume by Patrick Suskind (1987) Replay by Ken Grimwood
Ken Grimwood
(1988) Koko by Peter Straub
Peter Straub
(1989) Lyonesse: Madouc by Jack Vance
Jack Vance
(1990) Only Begotten Daughter by James K. Morrow
James K. Morrow
(1991, tie) Thomas the Rhymer by Ellen Kushner
Ellen Kushner
(1991, tie) Boy's Life by Robert R. McCammon (1992, tie) Last Call by Tim Powers
Tim Powers
(1993) Glimpses by Lewis Shiner (1994) Towing Jehovah by James K. Morrow
James K. Morrow
(1995) The Prestige
The Prestige
by Christopher Priest (1996) Godmother Night by Rachel Pollack (1997) The Physiognomy by Jeffrey Ford
Jeffrey Ford
(1998) The Antelope Wife by Louise Erdrich
Louise Erdrich
(1999) Thraxas by Martin Scott (2000)

2001–present

Declare by Tim Powers
Tim Powers
(2001, tie) Galveston by Sean Stewart (2001, tie) The Other Wind
The Other Wind
by Ursula K. Le Guin
Ursula K. Le Guin
(2002) The Facts of Life by Graham Joyce
Graham Joyce
(2003, tie) Ombria in Shadow by Patricia A. McKillip
Patricia A. McKillip
(2003, tie) Tooth and Claw by Jo Walton
Jo Walton
(2004) Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell by Susanna Clarke
Susanna Clarke
(2005) Kafka on the Shore
Kafka on the Shore
by Haruki Murakami
Haruki Murakami
(2006) Soldier of Sidon
Soldier of Sidon
by Gene Wolfe (2007) Ysabel by Guy Gavriel Kay
Guy Gavriel Kay
(2008) The Shadow Year by Jeffrey Ford
Jeffrey Ford
(2009, tie) Tender Morsels by Margo Lanagan (2009, tie) The City & the City by China Miéville
China Miéville
(2010) Who Fears Death
Who Fears Death
by Nnedi Okorafor
Nnedi Okorafor
(2011) Osama by Lavie Tidhar
Lavie Tidhar
(2012) Alif the Unseen
Alif the Unseen
by G. Willow Wilson
G. Willow Wilson
(2013) A Stranger in Olondria by Sofia Samatar (2014) The Bone Clocks
The Bone Clocks
by David Mitchell (2015)

v t e

BSFA Award for Best Novel

1969–1979

Stand on Zanzibar
Stand on Zanzibar
by John Brunner (1969) The Jagged Orbit
The Jagged Orbit
by John Brunner (1970) Rendezvous with Rama
Rendezvous with Rama
by Arthur C. Clarke
Arthur C. Clarke
(1973) Inverted World
Inverted World
by Christopher Priest (1974) Orbitsville
Orbitsville
by Bob Shaw
Bob Shaw
(1975) Brontomek! by Michael G. Coney (1976) The Jonah Kit by Ian Watson (1977) A Scanner Darkly
A Scanner Darkly
by Philip K. Dick
Philip K. Dick
(1978) The Unlimited Dream Company
The Unlimited Dream Company
by J. G. Ballard
J. G. Ballard
(1979)

1980–1989

Timescape
Timescape
by Gregory Benford
Gregory Benford
(1980) The Shadow of the Torturer by Gene Wolfe (1981) Helliconia Spring by Brian W. Aldiss
Brian W. Aldiss
(1982) Tik-Tok by John Sladek (1983) Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
by Robert Holdstock
Robert Holdstock
(1984) Helliconia Winter by Brian W. Aldiss
Brian W. Aldiss
(1985) The Ragged Astronauts by Bob Shaw
Bob Shaw
(1986) Gráinne by Keith Roberts (1987) Lavondyss
Lavondyss
by Robert Holdstock
Robert Holdstock
(1988) Pyramids by Terry Pratchett
Terry Pratchett
(1989)

1990–1999

Take Back Plenty by Colin Greenland
Colin Greenland
(1990) The Fall of Hyperion by Dan Simmons (1991) Red Mars by Kim Stanley Robinson
Kim Stanley Robinson
(1992) Aztec Century by Christopher Evans (1993) Feersum Endjinn
Feersum Endjinn
by Iain M. Banks (1994) The Time
Time
Ships by Stephen Baxter (1995) Excession
Excession
by Iain M. Banks (1996) The Sparrow by Mary Doria Russell
Mary Doria Russell
(1997) The Extremes by Christopher Priest (1998) The Sky Road by Ken MacLeod
Ken MacLeod
(1999)

2000–2009

Ash: A Secret History by Mary Gentle (2000) Chasm City
Chasm City
by Alastair Reynolds
Alastair Reynolds
(2001) The Separation by Christopher Priest (2002) Felaheen by Jon Courtenay Grimwood
Jon Courtenay Grimwood
(2003) River of Gods
River of Gods
by Ian McDonald (2004) Air by Geoff Ryman
Geoff Ryman
(2005) End of the World Blues by Jon Courtenay Grimwood
Jon Courtenay Grimwood
(2006) Brasyl
Brasyl
by Ian McDonald (2007) The Night Sessions by Ken MacLeod
Ken MacLeod
(2008) The City & the City by China Miéville
China Miéville
(2009)

2010–2019

The Dervish House
The Dervish House
by Ian McDonald (2010) The Islanders by Christopher Priest (2011) Jack Glass by Adam Roberts (2012) Ancillary Justice
Ancillary Justice
by Ann Leckie
Ann Leckie
and Ack-Ack Macaque by Gareth L. Powell (tie) (2013) Ancillary Sword
Ancillary Sword
by Ann Leckie
Ann Leckie
(2014) The House of Shattered Wings by Aliette de Bodard
Aliette de Bodard
(2015) Europe in Winter by Dave Hutchinson (2016) The Rift by Nina Allan
Nina Allan
(2017)

v t e

BSFA Award for the Best Short Fiction

1969–1979

The Moment of Eclipse by Brian W. Aldiss
Brian W. Aldiss
(1970) The Deathbird Stories
Deathbird Stories
by Harlan Ellison
Harlan Ellison
(1978) "Palely Loitering" by Christopher Priest (1979)

1980–1989

"The Brave Little Toaster" by Thomas M. Disch
Thomas M. Disch
(1980) "Mythago Wood" by Robert Holdstock
Robert Holdstock
(1981) "Kitemaster" by Keith Roberts (1982) "After-Images" by Malcolm Edwards
Malcolm Edwards
(1983) "The Unconquered Country" by Geoff Ryman
Geoff Ryman
(1984) "Cube Root" by David Langford
David Langford
(1985) "Kaeti and the Hangman" by Keith Roberts (1986) "Love Sickness" by Geoff Ryman
Geoff Ryman
(1987) "Dark Night in Toyland" by Bob Shaw
Bob Shaw
(1988) "In Translation" by Lisa Tuttle
Lisa Tuttle
(1989)

1990–1999

"The Original Doctor Shade" by Kim Newman
Kim Newman
(1990) "Bad Timing" by Molly Brown (1991) "Innocent" by Ian McDonald (1992) "The Ragthorn" by Robert Holdstock
Robert Holdstock
and Garry Kilworth
Garry Kilworth
(1993) "The Double Felix" by Paul di Filippo
Paul di Filippo
(1994) "The Hunger and Ecstasy of Vampires" by Brian Stableford
Brian Stableford
(1995) "A Crab Must Try" by Barrington J. Bayley (1996) "War Birds" by Stephen Baxter (1997) "La Cenerentola" by Gwyneth Jones (1998) "Hunting the Slarque" by Eric Brown (1999)

2000–2009

"The Suspect Genome" by Peter F. Hamilton
Peter F. Hamilton
(2000) "Children of Winter" by Eric Brown (2001) "Coraline" by Neil Gaiman
Neil Gaiman
(2002) "The Wolves in the Walls" by Neil Gaiman
Neil Gaiman
and Dave McKean (2003) "Mayflower II" by Stephen Baxter (2004) "Magic for Beginners" by Kelly Link (2005) "The Djinn's Wife" by Ian McDonald (2006) "Lighting Out" by Ken MacLeod
Ken MacLeod
(2007) "Exhalation" by Ted Chiang
Ted Chiang
(2008) "The Beloved Time
Time
of Their Lives" by Ian Watson and Roberto Quaglia (2009)

2010–current

The Ship Maker by Aliette de Bodard
Aliette de Bodard
(2010) The Copenhagen Interpretation by Paul Cornell
Paul Cornell
(2011) Adrift on the Sea of Rains by Ian Sales
Ian Sales
(2012) "Spin" by Nina Allan
Nina Allan
(2013)

v t e

Works by Robert Holdstock
Robert Holdstock
– (bibliography)

Short Stories

"Pauper's Plot" (1969) "Microcosm" (1972) "Ash, Ash" (1974) "The Graveyard Cross" (1976) "Magic Man" (1976) "On the Inside" (1976) "The Time
Time
Beyond Age" (1976) "Travellers" (1976) "A Small Event" (1977) "The Touch of a Vanished Hand" (1977) "In the Valley of the Statues" (1979) "Earth And Stone" (1980) "Where Time
Time
Winds Blow" (1981) "The Phantom of the Valley" (1981) "Manchanged" (1981) "Walking on the Shores of Time" (1981) "The Boy who Jumped Rapids" (1984) "Thorn" (1986) "Scarrowfell" (1987) "The Shapechanger" (1989) " Time
Time
of the Tree" (1989) "The Bone Forest" (1991) "The Ragthorn" (1991) "The Silvering" (1992) "Infantasm" (1995)

Novellas

Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
(1981) Elite: The Dark Wheel
The Dark Wheel
(1984)

Ryhope Wood Series

Mythago Wood
Mythago Wood
(1984) Lavondyss
Lavondyss
(1988) The Bone Forest
The Bone Forest
(1991) The Hollowing
The Hollowing
(1993) Merlin's Wood
Merlin's Wood
(1994) Gate of Ivory, Gate of Horn
Gate of Ivory, Gate of Horn
(1997) Avilion
Avilion
(2009)

Merlin Codex Series

Celtika (2001) The Iron Grail (2002) The Broken Kings (2007)

Francoise Jeury Series

Necromancer (1978) The Fetch (1991)

The Raven Series

Swordsmistress of Chaos (1978) A Time
Time
of Ghosts (volume two) (1978) Lords of the Shadows (volume four) (1979)

The Professionals Series

Cry Wolf (1981) Operation Susie (1982) The Untouchables (1982) You'll be All Right (1982)

Night Hunter Series

The Stalking (1983) The Talisman (1983) The Ghost Dance (1984) The Shrine (1984) The Hexing (1984) The Labyrinth (1988)

Berserker Series

Shadow of the Wolf (1977) The Bull Chief (1979) The Horned Warrior (1979)

Novelizations of films

Legend of the Werewolf (1976) The Satanists (1977) The Emerald Forest (1985)

Other Novels

Eye Among the Blind (1976) Earthwind (1977) Where Time
Time
Winds Blow (1982) Ancient Echoes (1996)

Edited Anthologies

Stars of Albion (1979)

Other Edens Series

Other Edens (1987) Other Edens II (1988) Other Edens III (1989)

Nonfiction

Alien Landscapes (1979) Space Wars: Worlds & Weapons (1979) Alien World: The Complete Illustrated Guide Tour of the Universe: The Journey of a Lifetime (1980) Magician: The Lost Journals of the Magus Geoffrey Carlyle (1982) Realms of Fantasy
Fantasy
(1983)

.