The DASSAULT MD.454 MYSTèRE IV was a 1950s French fighter-bomber aircraft, the first transonic aircraft to enter service with the French Air Force .
* 1 Design and development
* 2 Operational history
* 3 Variants * 4 Operators * 5 Specifications (Mystère IVA) * 6 See also
* 7 References
* 7.1 Notes * 7.2 Bibliography
* 8 External links
DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT
The Mystère IV was an evolutionary development of the Mystère II aircraft. Although bearing an external resemblance to the earlier aircraft, the Mystère IV was in fact a new design with aerodynamic improvements for supersonic flight. The prototype first flew on 28 September 1952, and the aircraft entered service in April 1953. The first 50 MYSTERE IVA production aircraft were powered by British Rolls-Royce Tay turbojets , while the remainder had the French-built Hispano-Suiza Verdon 350 version of that engine.
French Mystère IV As at Bitburg Air Base (Germany), early 1960s
Israeli Mystère IVs saw action during the Arab–Israeli wars and were joined by the French Mystères for the Suez crisis .
The new Mystère IVs were used in the 1956 Suez Crisis and continued in use into the 1980s.
The Mystère IV became Israel's first swept-wing fighter when an order for Mystère IIs was changed to 24 Mystère IVs in 1955, which were delivered from April to June 1956, equipping 101 Squadron . A further 36 were delivered in August 1956, with a final aircraft, equipped for reconnaissance duties, delivered in September 1956.
On 29 October, when
A second squadron, 109 Squadron was equipped with the Mystère IV in
December 1956, while 101 Squadron passed its Mystères to 116
Squadron in November 1961.
The Mystère was finally retired from Israeli service on 18 March 1971.
On 16 Sept 65 a Mystère IVA shot down a Pakistani L-19. On 7 September 1965 an Indian Mystère was rammed in the air by a Pakistani Lockheed F-104 Starfighter in a raid over Sargoda. Both the Mystère and the Starfighter crashed. The Pakistani pilot was able to eject and do a last minute deployment of his parachute but the Indian air force pilot Devayya died in the crash and was awarded the Maha Vir Chakra posthumously, 23 years after the battle.
During the campaign Mystère IVs also destroyed Pakistani aircraft on the ground including four F-86F, three F-104 and 2 Lockheed C-130 Hercules transports.
The phasing out of the aircraft started soon after the 1965 Indo-Pakistani War, though it saw further action in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 , it was completely phased out of the Indian Air Force by 1973.
Mystère IV Prototype powered by a Rolls-Royce Tay 250 engine
Mystère IVA Production fighter-bomber, 421 built, first 50 with the
Rolls-Royce Tay 250 the remaining 371 with a French derivative of the
Tay, the Hispano-Suiza Verdon. Mystère IVB In addition to
production Mystère IVA, Dassault developed an upgraded MYSTèRE IVB
Rolls-Royce Avon (first two prototypes) or
SNECMA Atar 101
(third prototype) afterburning engine and a radar ranging gunsight .
Six pre-production aircraft were built but the project was abandoned
in favour of the promising Super Mystère . In 1954, French pilot
* French Air Force , 241 delivered
* Indian Air Force , 110 delivered
* Israeli Air Force , 61 delivered.
SPECIFICATIONS (MYSTèRE IVA)
Data from The Complete Book of Fighters
* CREW: 1 * LENGTH: 12.89 m (42 ft 31⁄2 in) * WINGSPAN : 11.12 m (36 ft 53⁄4 in) * HEIGHT: 4.60 m (15 ft 1 in) * WING AREA: 32.06 m² (345.1 ft²) * EMPTY WEIGHT : 5,860 kg (12,919 lb) * LOADED WEIGHT: 8,510 kg (18,100 lb) * MAX. TAKEOFF WEIGHT : 9,500 kg (20,944 lb) * POWERPLANT : 1 × Hispano-Suiza Verdon 350 turbojet , 34.32 kN (7,716 lbf)
* MAXIMUM SPEED : 1,110 km/h (600 knots, 690 mph) at sea level * RANGE : 915 km (494 nmi, 570 mi) without external tanks, 2,280 km (1,231 nmi , 1,417 mi) with external tanks * SERVICE CEILING : 15,000 m (49,200 ft) * RATE OF CLIMB : 40 m/s (7,874 ft/min)
* GUNS: 2× 30 mm (1.18 in) DEFA cannons with 150 rounds per gun * ROCKETS: 55 air-to-air rockets in retractable pack * BOMBS: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) of payload on four external hardpoints , including a variety of bombs, rockets or Drop tanks
* Aviation portal
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Record setting pilots
* ^ Swanborough, Gordon; Green, William A (2001). An Illustrated anatomy of the world\'s fighters: the inside story of over 100 classics in the evolution of fighter aircraft. Osceola, WI: MBI Pub. p. 196. ISBN 0-7603-1124-2 . * ^ A B C Orbis 1985, pp. 3605-1608 * ^ Aloni Air Enthusiast March/April 2005, pp. 15–16. * ^ Aloni Air Enthusiast March/April 2005, pp. 17–18. * ^ Aloni Air Enthusiast March/April 2005, p. 18. * ^ A B Aloni Air Enthusiast March/April 2005, p. 19. * ^ Aloni Air Enthusiast March/April 2005, p. 20. * ^ Aloni Air Enthusiast March/April 2005, pp. 21–23. * ^ Aloni Air Enthusiast March/April 2005, p. 23. * ^ "Devvaya", Maha Vir Chakra Recipients, Bharat Rakshak . * ^ B. Harry (2 September 2006). "IAF COMBAT KILLS - 1965 INDO-PAK AIR WAR" (PDF). orbat.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 November 2010. Retrieved 9 September 2010. * ^ Aloni Air Enthusiast March/April 2005, p. 16. * ^ A B Green and Swanborough 1994, p. 149. * ^ A B C Aloni Air Enthusiast March/April 2005, p. 15. * ^ Bridgman 1955, p. 139.
* Aloni, Shlomo (March–April 2005). "Swept-Wing Backbone: Mystère IVAs in Israeli Service". Air Enthusiast (116): 12–23. ISSN 0143-5450 . * Bridgman, Leonard (1955). Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1955–56. New York: McGraw-Hill. * Donald, David; Lake, Jon, eds. (1996). Encyclopedia of world military aircraft. AIRtime Publishing. ISBN 1-880588-24-2 . * Green, William; Swanborough, Gordon (1994). The Complete Book of Fighters. New York: Smithmark. ISBN 0-83173939-8 . * Kopenhagen, W, ed. (1987). Das große Flugzeug-Typenbuch (in German). Transpress. ISBN 3-344-00162-0 . * The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. Part Work 1982–1985. Orbis Publishing.
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