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Mysians[pronunciation?] (Latin: Mysi, Ancient Greek: Μυσοί) were the inhabitants of Mysia, a region in northwestern Asia
Asia
Minor.

Contents

1 Origins according to ancient authors 2 Mysian language 3 See also 4 References

Origins according to ancient authors[edit] Their first mention is by Homer, in his list of Trojans allies in the Iliad, and according to whom the Mysians
Mysians
fought in the Trojan War
Trojan War
on the side of Troy, under the command of Chromis and Ennomus the Augur, and were lion-hearted spearmen who fought with their bare hands.[1] Herodotus
Herodotus
in his Histories wrote that the Mysians
Mysians
were brethren of the Carians
Carians
and the Lydians, originally Lydian colonists in their country, and as such, they had the right to worship alongside their relative nations in the sanctuary dedicated to the Carian Zeus in Mylasa.[2] He also mentions a movement of Mysians
Mysians
and associated peoples from Asia into Europe
Europe
still earlier than the Trojan War, wherein the Mysians
Mysians
and Teucrians had crossed the Bosphorus
Bosphorus
into Europe
Europe
and, after conquering all of Thrace, pressed forward till they came to the Ionian Sea, while southward they reached as far as the river Peneus.[3] Herodotus
Herodotus
adds an account and description of later Mysians
Mysians
who fought in Darius' army. Strabo
Strabo
in his Geographica
Geographica
informs that, according to his sources, the Mysians
Mysians
in accordance with their religion abstained from eating any living thing, including from their flocks, and that they used as food honey and milk and cheese.[4] Citing the historian Xanthus, he also reports that the name of the people was derived from the Lydian name for the oxya tree. Mysian language[edit] Main article: Mysian language Little is known about the Mysian language. Strabo
Strabo
noted that their language was, in a way, a mixture of the Lydian and Phrygian languages. As such, the Mysian language could be a language of the Anatolian group. However, a passage in Athenaeus
Athenaeus
suggests that the Mysian language was akin to the barely attested Paeonian language of Paeonia, north of Macedon. A short inscription which could be in Mysian and which dates from between the 5th and 3rd centuries BC was found in Üyücek, near Kütahya, and seems to include Indo-European words, but it has not been deciphered.[5] See also[edit]

Mysia Mysian language

References[edit]

^ Homer. "II, 858". The Iliad.  ^ Herodotus. "I, 171". Histories.  ^ Herodotus. "VII, 20". Histories.  ^ Strabo. "I, 171". Geography.  ^ "Epigraphical database: Native 'Mysian' inscription". Packard Humanities Institute. 

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Ancient Anatolians

Peoples

Carians Cappadocians? Cataonians? Cilicians Commagenians? Hittites Isaurians Leleges? Leucosyri? Luwians Lycaonians Lycians/Termilae Lydians/Maeonians Mariandyni Milyans/Solymi Mysians Palaics Paphlagonians Pamphylians Philistines? Pisidians Sidians Troj

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