Mysians[pronunciation?] (Latin: Mysi, Ancient Greek: Μυσοί) were
the inhabitants of Mysia, a region in northwestern
1 Origins according to ancient authors
2 Mysian language
3 See also
Origins according to ancient authors
Their first mention is by Homer, in his list of Trojans allies in the
Iliad, and according to whom the
Mysians fought in the
Trojan War on
the side of Troy, under the command of Chromis and
Ennomus the Augur,
and were lion-hearted spearmen who fought with their bare hands.
Herodotus in his Histories wrote that the
Mysians were brethren of the
Carians and the Lydians, originally Lydian colonists in their country,
and as such, they had the right to worship alongside their relative
nations in the sanctuary dedicated to the Carian Zeus in Mylasa. He
also mentions a movement of
Mysians and associated peoples from Asia
Europe still earlier than the Trojan War, wherein the
Teucrians had crossed the
Europe and, after conquering
all of Thrace, pressed forward till they came to the Ionian Sea, while
southward they reached as far as the river Peneus.
an account and description of later
Mysians who fought in Darius'
Strabo in his
Geographica informs that, according to his sources, the
Mysians in accordance with their religion abstained from eating any
living thing, including from their flocks, and that they used as food
honey and milk and cheese. Citing the historian Xanthus, he also
reports that the name of the people was derived from the Lydian name
for the oxya tree.
Main article: Mysian language
Little is known about the Mysian language.
Strabo noted that their
language was, in a way, a mixture of the Lydian and Phrygian
languages. As such, the
Mysian language could be a language of the
Anatolian group. However, a passage in
Athenaeus suggests that the
Mysian language was akin to the barely attested
Paeonian language of
Paeonia, north of Macedon.
A short inscription which could be in Mysian and which dates from
between the 5th and 3rd centuries BC was found in Üyücek, near
Kütahya, and seems to include Indo-European words, but it has not
^ Homer. "II, 858". The Iliad.
^ Herodotus. "I, 171". Histories.
^ Herodotus. "VII, 20". Histories.
^ Strabo. "I, 171". Geography.
^ "Epigraphical database: Native 'Mysian' inscription". Packard